THE NEW ORLEANS DAILY DEMOCRAT.
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE STATE OF LOUISIANA AND OF 2HE CITY OF NEW ORLEANSB.
VOL. II---NO. 31:3. NEW ORLEANS, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 1877. PRICE, FIVE CENTS.
OUR MEXI('AN RELATIONS.
TEE PROBAUILITIES OF A WAR WITH
Sherman and Hayes Quarrel Over thIe New
Orleans Cnstom-House--The President
Determined to Take the Matter En
tirely in His Own Hands.
S1pecial to the Democrat.]
Was.INaTON. Nov. 9.-The Texas delegation
-i the House has 'abandoned the atte.mpt to in
elude a-provision for State volunteers in the
army appropriation bill, and as a compromise
the regular regiments on the border will be
xrased'to a full war footing. In the meanwhile
Our 'relations with Mexico continue compli
4aed. A secret service, organized by the State
Department last spring to i9testigate the State
-fMlelican public sentiment, has begun to re
1 po.t, and the intelligence is all warlike. 'Com
Wlete maps of at leastthree routes to the City of
Mexico have behn made for military use'within
the last four montbsAnd war is discussed in
.Administrative circles as almost a foregone
,conclusion. At present the above is all that
-an be said, but the only reason why the reports
are withheld from publication is that several
members of the commibtion are still in Mexico,
and publication would tend to embarrass their
operations if not endanger their lives.
It is probable that comprehensive agitation of
O.r Mexican relations in Congress will be post
poned until the regular session.
lack Wharton has got safe through the
senate Judiciary Committee. which bhad his
nomination under consideration, and will be
confirmed at the next executive session.
The Louisiana delegation has seen the Hecre
tary of War again relative to lied river obstruc
tions, and a survey of the raft will be ordered
with a view of contracting for its removal. The
Seoretary seems to be in doubt whether he can
proceed any further than this without a special
act from Congress, as there is no general fund
-lathe treasury applicable to such cases.
Some days ago, at the instance of Mad. Wells
John Sherman went to the White House and
asked Mr. Hayes when King's name was to be
Mr. Hayes informed Sherman that he had
taken personal charge of that matter and would
at the paper time act in accordance with his
own judgment. A conversation followed, in
which the President strongly intimated that
Sherman ~d aot managed the New Orleans
Custom-Bonse atronage either to the public
advantage or t4 the credit of his administra
tration. That on this account he (the Presi
dentl,had felt called upon to interfere and that
his interference was final.
Sherman is said to have left the White House
in drooping spirits. Subsequently it was re
ported to the President that when old Wells
heard what had passed between the former and
Sherman he grew furious and made his usual
threat of divulging all about the count of the
vote, whereupon the President is said to have
exclaimed he had no objection to Mr. Wells
making any confession which his conscience, if
"--b irere troubled with any such incumbrance,
might dictate, but that he had decided to take
control of the patronage of the New Orleans
Custom-House himself, and could not be
swerved from his purpose.
Warmoth is pressing Emingham Lawrence
for the Collectorship vice King. but with little
prospect of success. I see no reason as yet to
doubt that Packard will be the man. Warmoth
will probably succeed in getting George Sheri
dan appointed Collector of Internal Revenue.
vice Coekrem, but that will be the end of his In
CP.NGMR.SI NAL PROUCEEDNtia.
WASaHINGTON Nov. 9.-The Senate met at 12
Bills and petitions were presented and re
ferred. as follows:
By Mr. Sargent: A motion that when the
Senate adjourn to-day it be to meet on Monday
By Mr. Morgan: A petition of the citizens
of Alabama asking for an approortation for the
improvement of the harbor of Mobile. Re
ferred to the Committee on Appropriations.
By Mr. Davis: A favorable report from the
Committee on Public Buildings and Groundls
for the enlargement .of the Capitol grounds
west of the Capitol.
Mr. Davis explained the provisions of the
bill, and the necessity of enlarging the grounds
and approaches to the Capitol on the west side,
and showing that the value of the land to be
taken was asses ed itt about 125.00o.
Mr. Whyte contended that the b 11 should be
amended so as to provi ie for a commission qr
jury to appraise the land instead of leaving It
entirely to the judge ofithe court, as the bill then
Senator Davis said that the bill was drawn
precisely like the bill passed for taking two
squares east of the Capitol. and was in accord
ance with the practice of the government in
After further discussion the bill was laid over,
subject to amendment.
Called up by Mr. Beck: A bill to authorize
the payment of all customs duties in legil tender
notes. R-ferred to the Committee on Finance.
By Mr. Mitchell: A bill to extend the time for
the construction of the Northern Pacific Rail
road. Referred to the Committee on Railro id
+Oespanies. Also. a bill providing for the re
moval of the Walla-Walla. Piute and other
tribes of Indians in Oregon. Referred to the
Committee on Indian Affairs.
By Mr. Hereford: A bill for the relief of the
Methodist Episcopal Church South. Referred
to the Committee on Claims.
By Mr. Davis. of West Virginia: A resolution
calling upon the Secretary of the Interior for
the total number of Indian tribes in the United
States and numb-r of Indians in each tribe, the
number of re..ervation. and the extent of the
dame, a condens, I statement of the laws and
Sss by which they are governed, and the
ehanter and statute where they may be found.
Also a statement of the amount of money re
quired to carry on t',e treaty obligations be
tween the Uni el States government and the
Indians. Referred to the Committee on Indian
By Mr. Dawes: A bill In relation to the juris
diction of the district Courts in Utah. Referred
to the Committee on the Judiciary.
The chair aopointed Mr. Kirkwood to the
Committeeon Foreign Rp ations; Mr. Ingalls to
the Committee on Priivlegies and Electi -is, and
Mr. Saunders on the committee on Railroads.
All are in place of Mr. Morton, deceased.
Mr. Mitchell. of the Committee on Privileges
and Elections, resigned, so as to make Mr. Wad
leigh chairman of the committee.
Mr. Mitchell said that he desired to retain
the chairmanship of the Committee on Rail
roads, and asked that a transposition of names
be made on the Committee of Privileges and
On motion of Mr. Edmunds the Senate at
12:57 pm. went into executive session. At 1:(t
p. m.the doorsw re reopened and the Senate
adjourned until Monday.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 9.-The House was olined
With prayer by the Rev. Dr. Wills of the West
ern Presbyterian C iurch of Washington, D. C.
Mr. Clymer offered a resolution de laring A.
B. Harrison elected Chaplain of the House.
Mr. Foster moved to substitute the name of the
Rev. J. G. Butler.
The amendment was rejected and theor'ginal
resolution was agreed to.
Mr. Lutrell offered a resolution that, whereas
serious charge- have been made againit the
management ..f the Mare Island N ivy Yard, the
Committee on Naval Affairs be directed to in
iuir4 into such charges and report to the House
ap the question of the advisability of appointing
m, mmlssion to investigate and report on the
h e. Referred to the Committee on N-.val
,ibA. from the Committee on Naval Af
ted a letter from the Secretary of
Oi 0 the paras 3VpqsfitjalAd a
join't resolution relating to same subject; also,).
a'otter from the Secretary of State in relation
to the ne-essit. of IAgislation to enable the pay
ment of awards by the Mexican Claims ('ommis
Jeion. 'Ordered printed and recommitted.
Mr. Williams of Oregon. presented the r-eso
lutions adopted by the Board of Trade of Port
land, Oregon, recommending the ext-nston of
time for the completion of the Northern Pacific
Railroad. Referred to the Committee on Pacifli
I n motion of Mr. Atkins the House went into
committee of whole on the army appropriation
bill. the debate on the pending paragraph
having been limited to twenty min utes.
Mr. Baker, of Indiana, said that so far as he
knew, the Republican side did not desire any
increase of the army at this time, but they de
sired it to remain just where the law put it.
Mr. Foster said that the R publicans were not
responsible for the defeat of the army hill:
everything could have been agreed upon had
it not been for the unprecedented, unwarranted
and unconstitutional clause restricting the use
of the army. The Republicans did not desire
the army for police purposes. but when the
President was called upon. as by the Governors
of Maryland and West Vfrginia during the late
riots, he hail nothing else to do but this. It had
been said that the restrictive clanuse was
not now necessary. beoause the President hail
come over to the Democratic policy. It was well
known that in lcs;a when the De)mocrats met
at Chicago and declared war for the Union a
failure, they would. had they had control of the
House, have inserted just such a restriction
clause as the one in the last army bill.
Mr. Hewitt said that the gentlemen had for
gotten that there was a Democratic Governor
in New York when the call for troops was
made, and how that call was responded to.
Mr. Foster said he had not forgotten thils, nor
had he forgotten the New York riots.
Mr. Hewitt continued, defending the action of
the a mmittee, and in its opposition to striking
out he limiting clause.
The vote was then taken on the amendment
proposed by Mr. Blackburn. to limit the army
to 15,000 men, which was rejected )iy 40( yeas to
Mr. Blackburn anppealed to Mr. Atkinstoallow
the yea andi nay vite in the House to proceed.
Mr. Atkins said that he desired to be courte
one to the gentlem in, but his sense of duty
would not allow him to consent.
Mr. Blackburn--Tten I trust that the previous
question wlI never be ordered.
An amendment was proposed by Mr. Sehlie
cher to strike out the clause restricting the
recruiting to the number of men in the army on
the 1st of November, 1877. This was agreed to
by 122 to 114.
Mr. Atkins offered an amendment that no
money appropriated by this act shall be paid
for the recruiting of the army beyond the
number of 20.o0o enlisted men, ineluding Indian
Mr. Conger made the point of order that this
was not legislation in the interest of economy,
as it did niot reduce the amount appropt lated.
Mr. c(.hleicher said that he was satisfied that
this important bill could not pass unless there
was a spirit of compromise, anti intimated his
willinaness to accept the amendment. He was
satisfl.t that the reduction ot infantry would
cripple the service elsewhere, but as Texas
wanted cavalry he accepted the amendment.
and lift the responsibility for the injury to the
infantry where it belonged.
The amendment was agreed to. Yeas 125.
Mr. Banning offered a further amendment,
that nothing herein contained should be con
strued to authorize the increase of the army be
yond 25 ,0e men. Adopted.
Mr. Waddell off-,rd an amendment: Thai
after the 30th r f June, 1l7s. appointments to the
Military Academy shall not be more than one
from each Statte, atid shall be mad', by the Gov
ernors; and that supernumerary officers of the
army shall be employed as instructors. Ruled
out on a point of ,rder.
Mr. Foster. of Ohio. when the clause appro
priating $11,300,000 was reached, called ateontion
to the fact that the amendment offered by Mr.
Tucker authorized an inir. ase of the caval y
from an00 to 12.000, and said teat more money
would be required for th-ir payment.
Mr. Atkins suguested that this subject be left
until the amendment could be had in print and
the n- cessary calculations be male.
Mr. Conger. who had renewed his point of or
der on Mr. Tucker's second proposition and had
been overruled. said that he desired to call the
attention of the Chair to the admissi ,n of the
chairman that the amendment involved an in
crease of expenditures. Whether this opinion
of the committee would have any effect upon
the Chair he was unable to de ermine. The
chairman had admitted that the amendment
Increased the expenditures so much that he
could not compute it in his present disturbed
state of mind. iLaughter)
A prolonged debate here arose on the num
ber of men in the army.
Mr McGinnis argued that the frontiers of the
Territories of New Mexico and Arizona required
protection, and pointed out the danger
and losses that could have been avoided had the
army been larger He urged that the presence
of troops in the Northwest would be a check
upon Sitting Bull, who otherwise would return
and sweep the country along the Pacifle Rail
Mr. Townsend explained that the army cast
more than a larger number did in i.so. because
though advancing in civilization, the country
over which it operated had been vastly extended
He pointed out the necessity for troops in or
iler to suppress the Indian disturbances. It
was the duty of the government to protect its
citizens, and there should be no hesitation in
sending troops to protect these peoplie. There
was but one mode, it seem,-d, to deal with thl.-e
Indians. and that is to withdraw thile troops and
conciliate them Ilaughter] on the Republican
On motion of Mr. Atkins the committee rose
On motion of Mr. Lintrell at 2:55 the House
JACKSoN, Nov. 9.-In Lauderdale the election
passed off quietly. The vote for Stone was
1348. There was no Independent ticket in the
field except for Sheriff, and the Democratic can
didate for that offie obtained 1016 majority. On
the amendments the votes were as follows: F,,r
abolishing the office of Lieutenant Governor,
s92 maiority: for biennial sessions of the Legis
1 ture 771 majority.
I i Wilki,.son, Alcorn, Rankin and Remper
counties the independent candidates for sheriff
In Kemper, Geo. L. Welsh. Independant. beat
Mr. Gully, the regular nominee. some difficulty
in the count, however, may arise, as some of
the ballot-boxes were stolen and. no doubt, de
stroyed. The destroyed boxes gave Wilsh 127
The vote was qui'e close in Rankin. For
Senator Montgomery, Democrat, received 1201
votes; Brown, Independent. 972. For Repre
sentatives the vote was: Pat. Heoury. Democrat,
1137; S. W. Robinson. Demncrat, 1161; Geo.
Brooks, Independent, 1091; A. ). D. ogers. Inde
peod -nt, 1021. For Sheriff-Rhodes, Democrat,
los9; Harris. Independent, 11:17. '1 he majority
in favor of the amendment abolishing the ',fflce
of Lieutenant Governor was 674; in favor of
biennial sessions of the Le islature. 796.
The vote in Vicksburg for Senator, over which
the contest had b-en prineiDaly waged, was:
Furlo'g, Democrat, 885; Spears, Independent,
421. Furlong ran some 200 votes behind the rest
of the Democrat ticket.
In Newton he official vote for Gov. Stone was
665. The amendments were voted on as follows:
For abolishing the office of Lieutenant Gov
ernor, 76 majority; for abiennial session of the
Lea:slature, 538 majority.
PIn Attila county the election passed off
quietly. Glass, one of the Democratic n,,minef.s,
and H. C. Niles, Republican, were elected to the
PHILADELPHIA, Nov. 9.-Nearly complete re
turns show about to,000 Democratic majority in
NEW YoRK. Nov. 9.-John Morrissey is se
riously ill, and will have to go South to recuper
ate when able to travel.
SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 9.-Fordham & Jennings
have f'iled. Liahilites $90.000. They offer forty
can's on the dollar.
CINCINNATI, Nov. 9.-It is reported that Carl
Sack. of the firm of Eichberg & Sa k, has :b
s onded with $o0.000 borr, wed money. Eich
berg & Back have made assignment.
Get your kid gloves at Kreeger's.
Jed4 vxargas lni tatimtethe4Jhias Paltam.
AN INDIAN POW-WOW.
The Ponca Chiefs Visit the Great Father.
WASHINGTON, Nov. lo.-The Indians compris
ing the delegation of Poncas, who arrived here
ynsterday to treat for t heir land and to beg to he
allowed to return to their old reservation in
Dakota Territory on the White River, had a
'ounell with the Preshldent this afternoon in the
Cabinet room at the White House. Besid-s the
President there was present at the pow-wow
Secretary Sehurz. Indian Commissioner Hoyt,
and Major Howard. agent for the P'oneas In
dians. They spoke,of course, through inter
Whlte Eagle, head chief, was first presented
to the President..and made a somewhat lengthy
spee , h.
(Great Father." he began "I have met you
to-day, anti it appears as If I had been walking
for a long time through the dark elouds and
had suddenly come into the light." He then
went on to say that it sometimes happens that
very good men are negicrted and that it was so
with his people. A while back, some of his
forefathers had coemoto see the Great Father
antd had broulght hack some advice, telling the
men to give up hunting and cultivate the lands
and make houses like the white man.
He had remnembtcred what his forefathers had
told him and had actid accordingly. He and
his ni-ople had built hourss and cultivated the
lands in Dakota and were living happy and get
.ing along splendidly when. suddenly, a man
came among them and said they would have to
goto the Indian Te-rritory. wherethev are now.
Whether that man was sent by the! Gent Father
they di t not know. but they did its hle ire.-ted.
They left their homes, their crors in the field
and their farming Implements. and went. where
they are now; they had been living on a reserva
tin which tied been theirs as long as their fore
fatihers could remen-mber, and where all were
happy and good. This they left for one which
is far away and where many of their people
They were in a very had way when they go
there. until their agent, Maj 'r Howard. had sent
to them. He had helped then, and he (White
Eagi) had wanted to see the Great Fa her for a
long time, but t seemedtl as if the bad Indians
always had the first chances to come and see
him. All he wanted was to go back to his ol i
reservation, the right to wiich he had not.
signed away. Whatever the Great Father
thought best he would do.
Standing Bull was the next speaker. He said
that the great Father had given his people a
very good road to follow, but to day they were
off that road. The great Father had advised
them to work for themselves, and this they had
done until they were removed. and that to leave
all their things behind them. and go to a coun
try where their peooplr were learning everything.
He wanted the great Father to help them, and
send them back to their old reservation.
Standing Bear said about the same, and re
minded the Great Fatoer that whenever any
body tried to do good. and finds that he is on the
wrong road. he immediately gets on the other.
The Great Father, he knew, wanted to do his
people good when they were sent oiff their
reservation, but now tr~ t he found he had don
them harm, he hoped hewoutid -nd them bih-k.
Where he now was his ponies were being stolen
and his people dying fast.
The last speaker was he Chief. iHe reiterated
the assertion of rhe speakers who had preceded
him. and said that since his people had been r .
moved to the Indian Trrritory last spring,
thirty-six of them had died and a good many of
their cattle had also died. After he had fin
ished the President turnedito the interpreter
"Tell them I have listined attentiveily to what
they have said. I will consider carefully about
it and will let thelm know what I can di.. I will
do the best I can. for wh n I have considered
the matter carefully I will send for them again.
I now will shake hands withi them to-day and
see them ag ain to-m',rrow."
The Ind ans who were dressed in their native
costume and slightly painted, after shaking
hands with the President were conducted from
tie, wUhite l-.- f,, ti-,.;. 1,.,4
the White Hous. to their hotal.
The Department of the Eait.
WASHINoTON. Nov. 9.-By direction of the
President that portion of the Division of the At
lantie which embraces the New England States
and the State of New York, except the depart
ment end post of West Point, and the States of
New Jersey Pennsylvania, Delaware. Mary
lnnd. Virginia. West Virginia, Ohio. Michigan,
Wisconsin. Indiana and the District of Colum
bian, is hereby constituted a military department,
and will be known as the Department of the
Maior General W. S. Hancock will be com
iranding with his headquarters in New York
city, in addition to his command of the Division
of the Atlantic.
Red River Raft.
WASHINGTON. Nov. ,9.-Mr. Ellis succeedd to
day in having Secretary McCrary order Major
Benyaurd, of the Engineer Corps, to remove the
raft in lied river above Shreveport, and to keep
the river open.
The Harbor of New Orleans.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 9.-Secretary Thompson
will to-day order. at the solicitation of Con
gressman Ellis, a government vessel to b(
laied at the disposal of the city of New Or
leans for the improvement of the harbor t'ere.
WASHINGTON. Nov. 9,-The friends of the Arc
tic exploration have reason t, hope for the
favorable action upon the hill introduced by
Mr. Hunter and referred to the Naval e immit
tee, from the fact that the President is from
the State and home of the lamented Dr. Hall.
the Speaker of the House from the home of
Dr. Kane and Mr. Willis, the member having
chargd- of th,, bill. from the home of Dr. Hayes.
This coincidence, taken in connecion with
the romantic interest felt on this subject by the
general public, cannot fail to have a favorable
influence upon legislation. Mr. Stanley's
success in Central Africa has left the Polar
problem the only geographical one unsolved,
and. as it is one that applies directly and by as
sociatin to American ambition and national
pride, prompt measures should be taken to bear
off the prize for which so many nations are con
The Senate Committee on the Judiciary.
WASHINGTON. Nov. 9.-The Senate Committee
on the Judliciary had a meeting, but owing to
the fact that th re was no quorum, it took no
action upon the nomination of Gen. Harlan. of
Kentucky. to be Associate Justice of the United
States supreme Court.
The nomination of Robert H. Crittenden. to
be United Sates Marshal for Kentucky, was
retorted favorably to the Senate in executive
session to-day, but no action was had upon it.
The Letter Carriers.
WASHINooTN. Nov. s.-A delegation from the
National Letter Carriers' C ,nvention ha-I an in
formal hearing before the H use Committee on
Post Offices and Post Roads to-day. and pre
sented statements in support of the petition of
the letter carriers of the ,cuntry for increased
con pe.'sation. The delegation received the
committee's assurance that their petition
would receive its careful consideration. The
im pre- son prevails th it an increase of salaires
of letter carriers will be r- commended.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 9.-The Senate in execu
tive se-sion to-day confirmed the nomination
of John S Welsh, to be Envoy Extraordinary
and Minister Plenipotentiary to Great Britain.
The Northern Pacille Railroad.
WASHINoTON, Nov. 9.-The bill introduced by
BSnator Mitchell to-lay, in relation to the ex
tension of the time for the construction of the
Norhern Paciflc Railroad. grants the company
an additional eight years in which to comolete
the main line, via the Columbia rive" and Port
land. Oregon, to the terminus at Taconian.
Puget Sound: "but the said ixtensi,n of time
shall not apply tothe main line north of Ta
conia, nor to the north branch line of the rail
road asro a the Cascade Mountains to Puget
Bound, in Washington Territory."
The land grant of these br.tnches is to revert
to the gov'-rnment. and a like grant is to be de
voted elsewhere to toroviding early and direct
connecti, n between Portlanl by the t'olumbia
riv 'r and Snake river with the Pacific railroal
near Salt Lake. This grant is under the same
Sestri'-tions as the former grant and, eretofore
ga t.-d to the Portlaed, Salt Lake and South
Pass Railroad Company.
The . ther sections of the bill, after exe'pt
ing trom the grant lands on which entry has
been under the homestead and tre empti ,n
laws. enact that upon failure t e molete the
r as Indicated in the bid,. all the land grant
eept the right of way snd , tation shall be
to the government. The proceeds of
of the United States, and shall form a sinking
fund for thel payment of the interest aceruing
on the first mortgage egnstruetion bonds of the
road, provision being made for the Investment
of the said sinking fund in government securi
The payments or interest shalllbe made semi
annually in April and October to coupon hold
crs pro rata. the corporation to furnish the
Treasury Department with the amount of in
terest accrued on the bonds outstanding ten
days before such interest falls due. Nothing in
this bill Is to be construed as creating any Ila
hility on the part of the United States to guar
antee or pay interest on any of the bonds of the
road in excess of moneys arising from the
pre-emption and sales of lands granted to the
company and actually paid into the treasury.
The United States reserves the right to levy a
tax of ten per cent on the net earnings of the
road to meet the principal of the construction
The United States Entomological Comn
WASHINGTON. Nov. 9.-Prof. C. V. Riley, chief
of the United States Entomological Commis
sion, now at St. Louis, states in a private letter
received here to-day, that the members of the
commission are all hard at work getting their
re ort on the Western locust ready to submit to
Congress in December. He also states that the
eonmmiesion will hold a protracted meeting in
Washington some time next month, to arrange
matters for the future progress of the work.
A DISASTROUS STORM.
The Pennsylvania Mines Completely
Flooded by Heavy Rains.
POrTTSVILLE. Pa., Nov. !r.-This region was
visi-rd by the heaviest storms of the seasron
ye-terdi)y, comm',n.ing.t noon awnl not abating
until after midnight. Reports from all parts
,of the mining districts show considerable
damage done. At. Mahoney a' d in Law
rence, the mines caved in, taking down
a part of the public road and breaking
the water pipes A great number of the mines
of the I'hiladelphia and Reading Coal and
Iron (Company were flooded to such an extent
that the pumps proved Inadejluae, and the
mules had to he hoisted out to save them from
Operations were suspended to-day in nearly
all of this company's mines. The pumps are
being con-tantly worked, however, and it is be
lieved that by to-morrow most of the mines will
be in a condition to resume operations.
THE CIGAR MIAKERS STRIKE.
What the ntrlker4 Propose to Do If the
Manutacturern Employ Chinese
NEW YORK, Nov. 10.-The cigar makers still re
main resolute and deny that they will give in;
the strikers still think the scheme of importing
Chinese cigar makers is not intended to be car
ried out, and that the whole thing is nothing
but a dodige to bring them to work again ; when
aasured. however, that Stratton & Storm had
almost completed negotiations with the labor
companies in SH n Francisco to bring three hun
dred Chinarmen t this . ity, one of the ex-culive
committee -idl: "Then there will be a riot: we
are not going to stand still and let the China
men take the bread from out of our mouths:
we will induce all workingmn n in the city to
strike, because of the intro loition of Chinese
labor, which affects them as much as it does
ourselves; we will not allow this city to be made
a second San Francisco, and if needs be, we
shall drive the Chinese out by force."
The Bank of Montreal Libel Case.
MONTREAL, NOV. 9.-In the bond eonspirapy
case. for libeling the Bank of Montreal, the
magistrate decided that C. O Perrault. vice con
sul for France. was not bound to answer as to
who gave him the Information which appeared
in the Ottawa Telegram, as it had no relevancy
to the bond case.
Mr. Perrault in a subsequent examination
admitted supplying the information which he
claimed would have been inve tigated in the
Dominion Parliament. but f6r a hidden and
A Steamer Lost.
KEOK.'K. Nov. 9.-The steamer Mitchell sunk.
Seventy-flve pa.ssengers escaped. Two hundred
t)ns of freight is damaged.
CAMDEN. N. J., Nov. 9--The extensive carraige
works of Chas. S. Coffrey. corner Tenth and
Market. streets, were totally destroyed by fire
this mornimg. Loss on buildings. tools. pat
ternsand offiie furniture estimated at $105,000;
Norfolk and Liverpool.
NEW Yo`tC, Nov. 9.-A Norfolk, Va.. dispatch
sa.s; The British steamship Venezuelan c'lear
elI yesterday for Liverpool with :600 bales of
This is the first shipment of cotton direct to
Europe by the recently established line of
steamers running from that city to Liverpool,
Gen. Pearson Indicted for Murder.
I'ITTsUnto;. Nov. 9.-The Grand Jury ignored
the hill against Gen. Pearson, charged with
murder in connection with the riots here in
The San Francisco Cigar Makers.
SAN Fascntsco. Nov. 9.-The Cigar Makers'
Union deny the recently telegraphed statement
thtat they will bring any of the New York strik
ing cigar makers to this city.
Inq uiry among the Cnlncse fail to confirm the
reports that any of them are going to New York
to take the place of the strikers.
READINo. Nov. 9.-The heavy rains of last
night and this morning raised the tributaries of
the Schuylkill. and that river is now four feet
above low-water mark. The tow path of the
canal is entirely submerged, and boating is
suspended for the present.
SOUTH AND CEN IRAL AMERICAN
[Correspondence of the National Associated
PANAMA, Nov. 1.-On Saturday, October 2", an
emeute occurred at the meeting of the electoral
college in this city. The college assumed tooe
functions of ele-ting certain persons to the
State and National Legislature. in spite of the
Drescribhed programme of the candidates to be
declared elected. An exchange of words be
tween the members of the board and the look
Taunts and threats were interchanged, and
handfuls of corn were thrown on the floor of the
meeting by an officer of the garrison, indicat
ing that the members of the board were pigs.
Altercation and vociferation prevy lied.
' he officer was rIlacd under temporary arrest.
and eventually the Presidert of the Stte, indig
nant at the rejection of his candidate and the
recrimination which fell largely to his lot,
threatened to pla e the power of vengeance in
the han.s of his troops.
That night he slett in the barracks with his
men. He finally tender-d his resignation of the
por sidenvc for the purpose of chailenging a
memberof the board to fight a duel. The Su
prior Court refused to accept his resignation
,lce ruse all those d,-signed to act as Vice Presi
dents refused to accept the post. Since then
moderate councils have produced a calmness
which is likely to continue, as the faction of the
Liberal party in power cann t with safaty en
dur- hard discord in their ranks.
A report of a commission from the State of
Antiqua shows that an attempt was m de to
assassinate its President. G.-n. Trujillo. and
that in consoquence the State has been declared
in a state of siege.
The still recalcitrant clericals are to be ex
A rebellious snirit has been made manifest in
the Sta'es of Magdalena. ,antand r and Con
dimonrica, provoke.d by the so-called dlee ive
franchises of the priests having been ignored
by the men in power.
A Mr. Rose has made a contract to build a
central railroad at a cost of $2,000,0o0o.
The will of the late Mr. Henry Meigs has
b, en publi-hed in the Ro,rdh Pacific Times of
Callao. Thie great works he had in hand came
to a standstill at his death.
The elec:ions of the 21st of October were ex
pected to bh sa, guin ,ry.
In a preliminary, ffray on the 14th some thir
teen persons w re wounded, several of whom
have since died.
A half mad fellow, thrust into a cell with
thirteen others, fell upon his companions in
prison, kil-ed one man, fatally wmunded an
o ad eiut our othxW ? za r ex #erious.
ly with a clasp knife. his frantic butchery be
ing chocked only by the interference of the
At 8qltas, an out of the way place. Mrs.
Johnson wife of the British Vice Consul, was,
on the first of July fired and , hAsed out of
her house at night with her two little children,
and had to seeg safety in the woods.
Order has been restored. Thu election are
going in favor of the government. Those'
persons arrested as a eompliees in the late at
temet at revolution have been released.
The negotiations between Chili and France
with reference to the seizure of the Jeanne
Amelie by a Chilian cruiser in a disputed port
have been published.
P'aroff has been arrested and is in prison
awaiting his trial for swindling.
An attempt to assassinare President Barrieros
was made by a priest named Pajest. The P'resi
dent's servant shot down the would-be assassin,
and, it, said, was rewarded for his prompt
ness by a colonel's commission in the army.
THE FRENCH CRISIW.
MacMahon Will Not Realin.
PARIs. NOV. 9 --The ,llonieor anr)noulnees that
President MaMah,.n, at a Cabinet council this
morning, exprested a firm resoliutioni not to
He said for the pre'ent he corsidered it his
duty to susipendl all negoliations for the forma
ti',n of a row Caitinet until the debates and
attitudeu of the Chamber of Deputies should
furnish him a basis of Iactioi.
Tie ministers thereupon withdrew their re
signati, nf. declaring that they did not wish to
impose themselves on the Marshal. but would
support* him energetically as long as hei re
qluirc I their services.
The Chamber of Deputies.
PARIn. Nov. 9.-The Chamber of Deputies has
verified some elections of Republic.ins. and de
eided by a large m ,jot ity to p astpone discus
sion on the validity of eleotions of ofnfiial can
didates, as the discussilon would involve im
portant que stions.
All the presidents of the bnreaux of the
Chamber of Deputies and their secretaries be
long to the Left.
VERSAILLES, Nov. 9.-The Senato elected as
president of its bureaux five from the Right
and four from the Left. It then, after an unim
portant sitting, adjourned until Wednesday.
The Right Centre.
LONDON, Nov. 9.-Reuter's Paris dispatch says:
The deliegates of all the groups of the Right
waited upon the 3Mrshal to-night, to assure
him he might count on a majority in the Senate
for an energetic defense of the country and so
The attitude of the Right Centre of the Senate
is attracting much attention, as it Is regarded
as the pivot of the situatin.
It is said now the utmost the Cabinet can ox
pee fr m this party is their abstention from a
Lord Mayor's Day.
LONDON. Nov. 9 -To-day being Lord Mayor's
Day, there was a general suspension of busi
ness. The weather was cold and disagreeable,
with a drizzling rain feling, but the streets
however, were crowded to witness the usual
procession. The in utmbent, SirThomas White,
to-day relinquished the office, and Right Hon.
Mayor Thomas S. Aud-n, A lierman for Bishop's
Gate, who was elected last September, was in
duct d into the office after the csutomary re
ligious services at the Guild Hall.
The procession traversed a route much longer
than usual, because, according to custom, it
was ne.essary to perambulate the wards of the
Lord Mayor elect and the Sheriff. which hao
pened to be in portions of the city widely apart.
Contrary to u-age. however, the procession did
not pass the Mansion House. To-night a grand
banquet was given at the Guild Hall in honorof
the occasion, and at which there was a brilliant
assemblage gathered. Among those present
was the Earl of Beaconsfield. who during his
remarks on the Eastern que-tion said, " I hough
the time to meldiate had arrived and European
intervention might end the war. England
would remain neutral unless her interests were
The Lancashire Handicap.
LoNDOtN, Nov. 9.-The race for the great Lan
cashire handicap at the Liverpool meeting to
day, was won by Arbitrator, with White Ball
second and Hezer third.
Panic of the Turks.
CONSTANTINOPLE Nov. --An official telegram
from Mukhtar Pasha. dated November 5. ad
mits that the Russians compelled him to retreat
from Dcy Itryun. It says some of his officers
who were panic stricken and abandone I several
guns, will be trtied by court-martial. The dis
patch concludes: "We ate now occupying the
fortifications of Erzetoum and preparing
means of defense.
The Nervian Troops.
VIENNA, Nov. H.-The 'oltifical C(orretrpondlenrt's
Bel.rade special says: 'The Porte has demanded
the withdrawal of the Servian corps of otbserva
tion from the frontier, under pain of vigorous
Erzeroum not Taken by the Russians.
LONDON, Nov. 9.-A dispatch from Erzeroum,
dated Tuestay, November e, makes no mention
of the evacuation of that town. On the contrary
Muhktar telegraphs that he is confident he can
hold the place.
Fighting at Erzeroum.
LONDoN, Nov. 9.-A dispatch from Constan
tinople sa' s that Ghazi Moukhtar Pasha tele
graphs from Erzeroum. under date of Thurs
day, that the Russians attacked his fortified po
siton at Azizuc. They were totally defeated
and were pursued.
--- -...,t-41- ,
MONEY AND STOCK.8
NEW YORK. Nov. 9--Wall street-Money closed
at 5bd; ' cent. Exchange closed at 451t(,454y.
Gold closed at. 102L. Governments closed steady ;
currency sixes 121'%. Pacifle Railroad bonds
closed as follows: Union firsts l.iCW,@le; : land
grants 103510i3%; sinking funds 94,'@0944;
Centrals 1063()41('.Ae. The stock market closed
steady, and prices advanced 4(q,% i cent from
the lowest pDintof the day. The following are
the closing bids:
New York Central....... .......... ...10
Harlem ................................... 144'.,
E rie ...................... .....................
Erie. preferred ... ...................... ti
Lake Shore ................ ... 67'
W aba h .h.......................... 151
Northwe-tern ........... .................. ,34
Northwester,, preferred ..................... ,4
Rock Island ......- . .......................0
Fort Wayne ......... .. .................. 91i
St. Paul .................... 3:
St. Paul. preferred ........................... 67
P ittsburg ................................... .. 79T 6
D laware, Lackawanna and Western .- - 4?%'
New Jo sey Central ................... ..... 11
Delaware and Hudson Canal. ..... - .. . ..... 436
Morris arid Essex-.... .................... 7.3
Michigan Central ... .................. .. ,2
Illinois Central.............................. 72';
Union Pacific ............................. e.3;
0. C. and I.C ................ .. ............
St. Joseph......... .................... 16
St. Joseph. preferred ........................ 2
Ohio and Mississippi........ ........... 9
West.rn Union...... .................79%
Atlantic and Pacific Telegraph ............. 23%
Pacific Mail.... ...........................
Quicksilver....... .................... 17
Quicksilver, preferred ......... .......... 35
Adams Express ...... .................... . 97'
Wells. Fagg , & Co. Express ................8. 8s,
American Expr ss .......................... :T,2
Unitred States Express ....................... 46v
In State bonds Ohinsixes of Ist1 sold at 10,;
Gergia sevens (new) 10S; L/,uiiiana consols
87%: Missouri long sixes 106'x, and District of
Columbia 3-65's 74'x.
ST. Louis, Nov. 9.-Wheat-No. 2 cash; st 30
bid: N... 3 cash: $1 24i bid:November $1 244
December St 24%; sellers all the year $1 24%
January $1 25%; s liers l 11. Corn 4.3 cash
November 42% ; Dcember 40% bid ; all the year
40K: January -9%; May 42'. Oats 25% eash;
Cointinlet on E' htL Page.
IMPROVING TIHE MISSISSIPPI.
TWO PLANt FOR THE WORK.
That of the United Mtates Engineers and
That of Capt. Eads.
The immense value of the alluvial lands of the
Mississippi and the Inability of the States In
which they lie to protect them from overflow.
will probably cause Congress to take some no
tion upon this subject at an early day. Theso
lands are wonderfully fertile and of great 0X
tent, and when once made secure, their taxable
value and productiveness will be immensely in
Two plans for the reclamation of these lands
are now definitely before the country. One is
known as that of the United tat!es Engineers,
and the other as that of Capt. Eadls,tho engineer
of the jetties. The first plan is explained in
the report of a commission authorized by Con
gress in 1874. of which (Gen. (i. K. Warren was
president, and (ion. Abbott a member. The re
tiort is unanimous, and is further strengthened
by the full indcrsement of (Gen. A. A. Hum
phreys. Chief of Engineers of tile Army. Capt.
Ends' plan is the very oppesite of the United
atates Engineers, and is based on theoriesso
tlirectly contrary to theirs, that one or the other
party m ist he greatly in error.
The plan of the Commission may be saidto
rest upon the correctness of what is known as
the "Outlet system." which is explained in its
report In the following words: "The plan con
sis s inl abstracting from the river and condaot
ing by separate channels to the gulf such a
volume of the flood disharg, as shall be suffi
cient to bring down the flod level to a height
easily under control by levees." The Commis
sion does not, however, pi opose to make any
new outlets, buit says: ' Thy are correct in
theory, but no advantageous sites for their con
struction exist." It accordingly recommends
the keeping open of all existing natural out
lets. and especially Bayou .it liafalaya, which
now not only discharges nearly all the waters of
Rted river, but a large portion of the flood
waters of the Mississippi. 'hoe Commission
recommends repairing the defective levees; the
closure of the crevasses. and the completion of
the entire levee system from ' ape Girardeau.
Mo., to the lower end of the river, and the ex
tension of the levees up the mouths of the tribu
taries and down the bayous far enough to
guard against backwater.
The commission assumes that the retention
of all the flood waters between the levees when
the crevasses are closed, will : nrr ,ase the height
of the w-ter, and thus require the levees to be
built much higher and stronger than the pres
ent ones. It says: "If we guard against the
crevasses by raising and strengthening our
levees, an elevation of the high water mark. ex
a-tly proportioned to the increased volume
will be sure to occur. To co tain a quart ok
water, a vessel must have exac ly the requisite
number of cubic Inches, and a like princip1t
applies with equal force to water in motion.
To meet this increased elevaiion of the high
water mark, it dec ares that it will be necessary
to build up the entire system from three to
eleven feet higher than the great flood of l66.
Beveral hundred miles of the levees must be
from ten to eleven feet higher than that flood.
The cost of this entire system of works is estl
mated by the commission at $46.000,000.
Capt. Eads published a review of the commis
sion s report last year, in which he sta'es that
the theories and assumptions oa which Its plan
is based are unquestionuably or oneous. Hede
clares that every bayou and ' utlet of the river,
and, nlad ed, every river in the world that flows
through a bed formed by its own deposits,
prove that the "outlet system" is not correct
because, as the volume of the stream decreases
its slope Increases, and, abstracting a partof
the flood volume. will, therefore. inevitably pro- -
duce a higher flood line. Ile says, 'he report
repeats the same theories anl assumes the ex
i'tence of the same conditions in ' he river that
were advanced to support the predicted failure
of the jetties, by those who opposed the jetty
system for improving the mouth of the river
and that not.one of these theories is supporteD
by the facts the jetties have developed.
Recently, in Cincinnati. Capt. Eals explained
his views at considerable length. In the Mer
chants' Exchange, upon the levee qun stfon,
the improvement of the river below Cairo.
success he has already secured at the jettles
give much weight to his opinions on this s
feet, and we will present as briefly as possible
the salient features of his arguments.
C.pt. Fads dec'ares: 1. That the great mass
of sediment annually discharged into the seats
transported in the water, where it is kept sust
pended by the action of the current and that it
is not pushed along the bottom of the river. 2
That the quantity upheld depends upon the ve,
locity of the current, modified by the depth of
the water. 3. That tne quantity of sediment an
nually discharged into the sea and over the banks
of the river throughout its alluvial basin must
be, during any long period of years, about equal
to the amount poured into the trunk by its trib
utaries during that period. If it discharged less
than it received the bed would fill up' If it dis
charged more the difference would have to be
taken from its bed; whereas there is no proof
of any sensible alteration in the size of its chan
nel during many years. The current must
therefore be so regula ed by the river that it
will discharge no more nor no less than the
Frm these facts Capt. Eads declares that al
terations from the normal velocity of current
priodce deposit and scour, he normal veloolty
being assumed as that rate which will uphold
and carry forward the sediment without loss or
increase if quantity. By the action of deposit
and scour the i iver is able to ret,ore the normal
velocity when from any cause it hias been dis
turbtied. Ie alluvial basin being composed
wholly of matters deposited t,y the current, it
can again remove them from the channel by
scour if the current be too rapid, or add to them
by deposit if too slow.
The friction of the water in contact with the
river bed, is the chief element retardingthe
current. The inclination. or slopve of the sur
face of the stream, determines the intensity of
the force of gravity, which produces the cur
rent; thus, if the friction be greater at one
place than at another, and an equal current be
required at each, the slop" must be steeper
where the friction is greater than where it is less.
The normal current being absolutitly necessary
to maintain the capacity of thie hannel unalter
ed; and the friction being much greater at some
localitiesthan others, we must. "xpecttosee
great diversity in the slope or inclhnationof
the flood line of the river. These diversities do
exist. The lowest slope exi-ts in the 1I0
miles between the passes and New Or
leans where it is less than an inch and
a half lper mile; while the steep ct slope ex
ists in the river from Cairo to Memphis, where
it averages nearly five inches, and theA Bayou
Atchatalaya, where it is about six inches. As
the channel of the river is e ,itinually hifting,
especially from Cairo to Red river. bends caving
in. snd cut-offs forming, it follows that the
river must posrsess some means of establishabing
and alrering these various slopes to regulate
the cuqrrent, so that through all these changes
it shall maintain the capacity or size of the
channel intact and not run rior. This is done
by sour and deposit. Too much vol city in
creases the sispendilng power of the water, and
it takes up the material of which the bed is
form'd. This is called scour, a'd the result is
a deepe ning of the ehannl and a ilowering of the
surface sloupe. As thi isi Iow.redrl e current fails
to t,,e normal rate and the s.olr eceas.es. If the
current be to, slack the wAter cannot uphold its
burlen. a portion falls and builds ot the hot
tom. This is called deposit As the bottom
rises the flood slope incri.asusi, and the current
becomes more rapid. until lina I. it flows so
fast that the normal speed is e'tablished and
deposit cea.scs. Raisltg the slope necessitates
raising tore levees. Jun as the sl re cun be
1Iwered can levtes ie dispunsed wi'h. What
ever increa es the resistance to, th: flow of the
water makes steeper slopes and higher levees
iueitrabjr. Friction of the bedriof he stream
does this to a much greater exvent than all the
other retarding influences combin'd. This is
leastwhere the stream is narr.we-t, oand it is
lessened in ratio as the volume is increasedL
For instance, from Red riv-r to the Passes, 320
miles. the steen is about one ait three quarter
in heas per mile. lI the river -were divided into
two equal streams, this slope would be much
steeper in ea.h and th levve, would have
to be higher. Bayoul Atrh.'ialaya, at
Bed river, takes off abour tna tenth of the
volume to the sea with a slope of
six inches per milte. If it to k off half of it the
sope of the main river w .ulil h-ve, t, be steeper
than it is ,r it would dry iup an Atrhafalays
would become lnarg r and fla't r. if th- waters
of the whole river were , qua:ly ivided wilh
Atchafalaya, it would soon araidran ts channel
b low that outlet and wounl discharge tte on
tire volume ttrough Atchafiyva. Thb. Kr, ater
ratio of friction to volume in A ehr'falaya now
prevents its iteD elope and short route to the
sea from being taken by the whole river. Ii is
abiout one-third the distance by it t, the gulf
that it is by the main river, Bteep slore ae and
small volumes ar always found together in
alluvial streams, unless the cannel is filling up
or abanfduiard, iefr* itat 16 caiosis to hie Letil'
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