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The New Orleans daily Democrat. [volume] (New Orleans, La.) 1877-1880, December 23, 1877, Image 11

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JlST A GLEAM.
,JuM is thlrough the darktnes-
ýre l.t of two eyes from a took.
glan --ut some glances are heaven !
To cete Paradise in a look.
Jtt a fade In the lamplight;
hand and some gitterlng hair:
But h, have been broken, 'tie said,
to ite steel turned red
~orfaews less faultlessly fair.
MrPlely a girl in her beauty.
Hlerglory of freshness an.d outh,
,ut what has ea rth better to sigh for-
oive for-to die for
than innocouce, beauty and yout hI
PROF. FONTAINE'S CAR1)
TO THE PEOPLE OF LOUISIANA AND
OF ALL THE STATES OF TIlE MI
WllsPPI VALLEY.
Card First.
A (PytNIEAL LEVER SYSTEM BY .'TTlES.
Fellow OUiizens-I hope that the importancn of
.the eubeot of this address to your welfare will
ezonerate me from the charge of egotism and
arroganoe in pre enting it for your wIse con
.ideratlon and united action. I hope that you
will not permit your minds to he deluded and
you.r actlon to be delayed in regard to the se.
ond part of the general plan for the improve
aet of the Mlssissippi river and Its tributaries
b1+fes, resented to you in 1Rers, as you were
In rfetenge to the first This general plan.
Whiolwlslndorsed by some of the ablest, on
ginears in the world and made public that. year.
recommended first, the removal of the bars at
the mouth of the rirer hb jetties: and the seiorl
ear. of the sar.n plan naieis et their application
t" the whole river, to c,,mtrael its channtel anl
guve flxednees to the line rf its r'urr',nt
as well as permanetie io its banks. The
New Orleans academy of ueien'ies, of which I
Wasthen Beetetary and Lecturer in (eology.
adopted the report of the committee to whom it.
was referred by an unanimous vot", which as
esrtedthe opinion, which is certainly correct,
tEat this plan of jetties. if applidt properly to
the whold river. 'r"ouldt nt only remove oll its
arc, and make it narigable lt the lrtgesf ship s
t.Otta to commcerce, but that it rould .so deepen
ts channel by erosioni as ultimately Ito reent
overflows."' The first part of the plan, oflter en
comtiteringth effereest and the ai',stl piersisten I oppo
usition forea whole decade, and fietered bt its appli
cation to the smallest and muist difliit it the
three passes and hindereld b11 ari.oue hostile
,weices and obstlruct~i n planned by eorru pt.oraf
d influential enemies.has ben ooSues s.'fuilly!
d;: and tt ist now time to begin the second.
rder that you may understand it, and that
you ay be prepared for the oppuoition it will
oertainly meet nere, ndl also that you may
learn something of the devices and general
oharacter of the enemies you will eneountor. I
will make the full wIng st ,temfnt whtih will
- l ne no correob c-ratut-s w!-ept recortd-nrd 1fel
we. impressed upon your mern ri, s by your
own eyes and ears. I hope it will "stir up your
pure minds by way of remembrance, that ve
may be mindful of t h wolrd- which wore sl)oken
before" you in the face ol "scoffers" and one
mies of many kinds years go ; and that iit will
epable you to know whlo, the s..rrtrs are who are
already ,'otfin at the s..,oit piart of time pilan
as they did at thi first. But I imulst offer
apology before I proeed further for
Sgarbled quotatioln from hioly \Writ.
he strongest ucie,,tion y,,it havet heard
to the whole plan is. that it was devised by a
preacher, and niot by a tolograprthleal engineer
of the United Htaties army. I have it is tru,' bIen
a preacher forty years. uint ut alirallts nothinll
ua preacher: and tbhe prseuntitinu of this pilan
in llt 1 made me so unpoturlhar in New Orl.ans
that I have never since tbsio able to got the
c.targe of a church of suflicient inagnitutdn to
afford me full elerical employment, or a salary
large enough for mly supportl'l. But I ho , that
this hits been wisely iiordulerd by Divini PVrovi
denee as the forced exmplllttont from minillt
rial labor has enabled mIn to devote my spare
time to the physical i iimprvienit of our mag~nifI
cent valley, wllich is most inttlately conniected
ith the spiritual welfare of its inthabitants.
nder similar elreumstances many of the great
Sinventions of the ages which have elapsed since
he Ohristian eam have been made by preachers
.n their poitlous hours of idleness. Notably
lleiscovery of ulltiiiil.r by Friar Itacon. that
O ltinatingt gas bt )Dr. '1 hmumas Ohalmers,
aanB of the relo'ipete' and' thel patenit uiersal
seoriicher" by the 1Rev. Sydney Smith when he
was 4 poor country parson. Fue "dog churn"
was IAvented by a Baptist preacher of Virginia.
the old fashioned "hand cotton gin' by a
blObded negro minister of that denimina
on, aselve in Granvillo county, North Caro
lieq!. -... . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . ..
you doibtless recoll Ft, the terrible excite
ment the matter stirr d up in our valley, and
the wrath it roused in (hitcago. and all along
the old line of the grain and pork trade with
aurope and tropical America by t e way of thle
akes and New York and Phtladellphia. This
was intensified by numerous articles writ
en ad lectures delivered, on our HSouthlorn
nd Western Interests. and our direct tra.e
with Europe, the West Indies. Mexico, Gentral
sad South America. through the mouth of the
ilssissippi. My inability to procure clerical
employment enabled me to devote the greater
part of my time in Iea,. 'C7 and 'as, and subso
teVtyearsato tf e work of rfTiriirng the pro
hey of Patrick Henry. who, in 17e. after pre
ting all the confliets of interests which have
since arisen between what were then termed
the North antd h Hoouth, ending with the
forcible emancipation of our slaves, and
the endeavor to hold us in subijection
to the will of the Northern majority tltrought
that class of our popoutlationl, tpind tus
to our only remedy whenl the last gr at disaster
had overwhelmed tls. if was to unite our i s
tiny with that of the teeming millions of the
Srilculturists who would fill the vallty of the
i--lesisppi which thien mostly belonged to
epain and whieih he said we must have and
wouldpossese with the vast gricultural regions
beyond i, the atttitlsil ton of whichi this Nortthern
majority would otlpose. lit assorted that after
our acquiremelnt of it, in st-i e of their opo,,si
tion, prom pted by t the fear of the growth of great
agricultural States which would out vote therm
in Cougress, and d trloy their tariffs, shipping
bounties, and tho'ir whole selfish priotective
policy; and alter their forcible emanempation of
our slaves to hold its still in fetters, our politi
cal salvation woiuld depend utpon our union
with the multiplying millions who will fill tl,
valley "of that great and inestimnable river."
'There I clearly foresee the power of Anmerica
will ultimately be seated." He closed
his prophe by by assurn r his posterity that
this union of the Southi and the people of th e
valley would save ou'r liberty. I woll knew that
this union could only be etfected by opening
widely and deeply the mouth and the whole
ohannel of the Father of Waters to the com
•merce of the world. Titls I knew would give a
free and healthy commercial circulation to the
great heart and arteries of our I ,dy politwe
with all its veins andt nerves; obliterate sec
tional lines ultimately annihilate all scetitonal
and partial fegislation. establish free trade and
peaceful relations with foreign nations, and
preserve our union anti liberty. Hence I caro
fully elaborated this plan, after a careful ex.
amination of every method devised for the con
trol of water currents and the improvement of
rivers and harbers, from the days iof the Egyp
tian Manes to the present ago. of which ancient
and modern history give us any records. or the
ruins of the .lst any trace; and, also after
a critical inspection of thei hydraulic
Dlans recently completed or now in
rogress, areompu.iatbd with cautious and
thorough experiment,' to test the practicability
and efficacy of any improvemllents I recom
mended. After vainly attempting to get the
city of Now Orleans its a corporation through
her Oouncil and Chamber of Commerce to in
dorse and recommend the plan, and also It h
War Department of the UInited States govern
ment to approve it, I was f )reed to appeal to
the people of the whole valley to supp-,rt it.
Aided, pecuniarily, by a few patriotic individ
uals in this city. I spent six molllitll of I.;. in
lecturing the chanlbers of commtlrce of lth
principal citites of the valley, and in explaining
the whole plab to the Senators. mtmubers of
Congress, the editors of the principal ne-ws
papers, and the repr, sintative men and diret- i
ors of public opinion of the Va ley States. With
the view of aiding in the organisation of the
forces for the battle in Ctngres, and wit h the
corps of United Statgs englno,.rs in Washing
ton Ispent six weeks of H180 in St Louis. six
weeks in Cincinnati.aweek in Omaha, and le,
tured in other phlaces. I spent even one week
in Springfield, Illinois. where I was warmly
welcomed by the people, who were all interested
in the Central lilrh'oad and Illinois river im
provement, as well a- in Bastern lines of trade.
During a week I examined "the batteries ot the
enemy 'in Chicago. where I was treated with
much frank and undisguised discourtesy by the
Hoard of Trade, and where the plan was bit
terly oursed, and at the same time emphatically
ndorseed by the president. 1 was, however,
aonorably received by the Academy of Sciences
and the president and dirtettors of the Illinois
Central Railroad. I explained the plan to the
president and principal members of the
Board of Trade of Boston, ant other re re
Patative men of the principal ports of New
ngland, all of whom I was gratified to
find, favored the opening of the mouth of
the Missiesippi by j tties. They n eded
it as an inlet for their shipping, and'
promised me to join the West in procurin
an appropriaton for the object whenever a bill
should belntrodnoed :n Congress for the pur
pose. With the assurance or this valuable re
noroemeat to the power of the Valley states,
Ssiteof e opposition o New Orleans, then
ander the ooataolpf aliens and dometltio .
of various kinds, frm Whose influence sh t
not yet altoether free, returned to my wor
amougher o1 fogles" cordially detested bI
them but onfldent of a victory over them. I
determined to prosecute the war through the
nubilo press. y first essay was an address to
the people giving them an aoount of the oppo
sition ?had discovered to their interests, and
the artful counteractlon to any feasible plan for
opening the river to the trade in Western pro
duea with foreign nations, persistently given
by members bf the New Orleans Chamber of
Commerce, resident engineers and associations 0
of her own citl.nns. acting in concert with the ti
representatives of the lake cities, and New York tl
and Philadelphia. To my astonishment not a
paper in New Orleans would publish my com- c
munientions. They admitted the most allusive r
articles ridiculing myself and the whole plan of t
jetties, but positively refused me the use of t
their columns for a reply. I had to send my v
answers t the pnDars of RSt. Louis and Ciuci,.- I
nati. Occasionally some one of them would a
criticise these articles severely, but they nsve
riably refused me the privilege of a re]oindolr.
I conmplained of this privately to the least hos- I
tile of the editors, and one whom I ihad known s
for many;years. Ile remarked: "i'he truth is.
P'rofessor, not a itaper in this city will dare to
publish our articles, which are opposed to the
Interest of Chicago, Phila lelphia anl New York,
involving many hundreds of millions of dollars. .1
The Chamber of Commerce here is direotly or o
indirectly controlled by those cities; andi
the Towboat and Pilots' Associations. ailo
the city engineers as wtll as ti.e if 'i
the United States army, and various rings t]
for handling the public money, are all opposed j
to your plan. I believe it to be patriotic aind
practicable enough. if the money could be gotten a
to apply it. But how is that to be had with all
these interests combined against you? If we
were to dare to advocate your views, these cities i
would raise, it necessary. Sr,otx0,ttt and estnablish
a paper here, or all the papers necessary, to
drive us into bankruptcy and turn us "out of
house and homen t.
At last St. Louis moved resolutely in the mat
ter, aided by other cities of the valley, and so
looted Capt. Eads to make a iontract with lthe
United States for opening the mouth of one of
the passes by jetties. The bill for theobjett was
introduced in Congress, and another, present
ing the counter project of a canal, was also op- t
posed to it, indorsed by the Chief of the United
States Cores of Engineers. and the city of New
Orleans, which also sent her two most distin
guished engineers to advocate the canal and to
oppose the jetties. You recollect how hot the
contest was over it, and how Impossible,
at one time it appeared to procure the pansage
of the hill in favor of jetties in the face of tihe
formidable opposition of the Engineer Depart- t
mett of the United States, aided by the city of
Now Orleans. i f all others the most interestetld,
and which it was thought ought to know what was
host tor her own Interests. I'rovidentiallv just
as victory for (hieago, New York and Philadel
phia seemed reidy to perch up in the banner ,of
the canal bill. I was invited to join in thie -n
test by Capt. Enads, and the nmemtiers of t Ihe Son
ate and htousl'e of itepresontativs from the
Southwnst, and the Valley States. and those of
New England; in which Invitalon it tives me,
pleasure to say the two MBnators from L ,uisia
na, Messrs. West and Harris, jointed. I went
wel pisted with iatthe. ticau4d fa -t -s", .htow
that tvphoons, which would obliterate thi St.
Philip Canal, would aidl the srouring action of
jotties.whi'b woult eirtalnly connect the current
of the d(eed river across the bar with tlat if thlie
(ullf stream and its tililies and counter Cturren ts
which would bear toff the disintegraiutl off
sourlngs of the ohbstructioin. no manter iin wliht
direction they might whirl: as'o. that jieties oft
even the most solid miatrials wouldl not sink
out if sight in the loose sand or eliay, or he
hoisted in the air or swallowed up by mud
lumps. I anm ertain that my s ouc'h of tw
hours befo),re the two Houses and tilhe ofleti rs iof
the dmittisonian Institute, th.e C tat buivey,
the Nat itnal Observatory, alnd the Uiited Stirates
Army and Navy in Washington, iand the umost of
whom were present, nsttled the 'ontrovirsy in
favor of jttties. There certainly was no de
bateafter it. No reply was lmadle, or could tet
made, effeitive t to the speech as dteliverld, or its
published in Inampnllilt form: ntitl ill ont' was
over attempted oxctopt by one of thll mne.nttlt'rs
of Conlgress from Louisiana. who hat thel
ominously eharatteristic namnoif t'uphurini.il idll is
spt'eeih went fur itnoitti. The contltract wais ilmatle
with ('apt. Eads. whose plans have so lar lsen t
catriled into effect by his faithful and t'fliciont
contractor, Col. Anldrews,that lie hlis srlemntdl.t
in getting a. depthl of 22 feet. wherie tllore was
only 8 feet whln he iiotnmlllced his work : andl
this has been etfletud in a channel of 2t. foot in s
width across the entire bar betwcln watll of i
piles and brush mattresses ballestedt with stonemt
run parallel rate feet apart. I give this state
ment froni the best authenticated reports of
those who have examllned his works, which I
hive not seen. There was only water enoulgh in
the rass to secure adepth much less unaided by t
dredging by the confinement of it but wonu par- I
allel jetties at so great a distance from atth
other. Theamountof water, however, has ltbeen
greatly increased by accessions drawn Iy jt
ties from the ¬Southwest Pass an I that of I'Outre, i
which have much improved the depth. and
scouring force of the current. These jetties aret
not augulated as I would have advisedl, and artb
far more costly thlan I woult have retommond
cd. But they are .jttils, nevertheless, wlli'h
confine the writer, and whicih protec't the ht'an
nel from the storms of the guilf: and it is easy
to percieive, as he has amplle stpace between the
jetties for intrioiir rit'ks. if he will construct,
two moiore and cotinvergi their points to within
soti fot of eachti other. in direct lines from oelh
of those already constructed, and at anglets of
22'a' de'r teros to tItr tnttorfa c!, s antd 2w) fe.rt
froem tach of their extreme points, they will
form parillel lines of batture oni either side of a
channlel nmore than 2100 feet wide. perfetlly
straight and hiir'ti feet dlept, anld onyv rgi an
acciumulated gyratory current, which will scour
off any obstructiton far to the seawardl and he
can safely withdraw his dredgeboat, which will
no longer be needed. But Capt. Eads had ia right
to use his own plans, and to consult engineers
whose reputations were greater than mulitn; and
the responsbillyii resting up in him was too
vast to jul-tify his trying anythillg ntew,anl
whih ll hd never been tit.ll by sutich experl
mentits halid proved sue~ssfiiul ait the Hullna 1
mouth of the )uitnutbe. If ti hals ap-int mttuch
money unnilcessartly. it was his otwa monlley
and his own loss, and by his exertions he hIas
vindicated his honor as stimethingli dtrer to himrl
than pieuiniary gain. lie has demnitlitrited tli+
fact that jitties made otf non-reflectinlg sub
stane's ctan Ibe made to starltd i11u .PO the nllI(i anld
sand bars tf the Mississippi river, anti ith
most friabhle ocean shoals andi tt control ltlly
watorcllrrtenta, whithter fluviatile or marite.
He has ceriaInIly accomplisheid iis task so far
within the time apecifiedt and earnted his money;
andt not only erowned himself with honnr, bIut
deserved thbt gratitulde of thet whole cou'ntry.
I have written this to you, fellow-citizens,
only as an introduction to another card. in
which I will cail your attantitn to the s--raond
airt of nmy plan for controlling thr Mississiplll
y jetties pres-nted to you in act;;, anti which I
hope you will see prtoperly exouitetil. It is opng
posedi hero by the same men. or t he, suitt surit
,if itt- who denouncedl the firts part,. whit'h ri'
commcndedit their applicatite to the bars of the
paisses as eillmurictal, and who ridtiulthd itt-u as
in unpractical, visionary theorist. Whim I
piesenti you with thie second part, listen I and
you will hear the croaking of man y an olti dtemi
fossil frig soutnding from this semli-at iuiatic
locality, warning you agalust the vain ar
tempt to coutrol our mighty river by jetlies.
I adtlnire tie venerable men who cling
with death-like tonteity to old il~as, and old
things generilly; andt who still use the olt flint
lock musket in prtference to the magazine ro
pt. ontorcsmoothl-fa~tc'ed piling and planking for
Missiasippi whairves. and massive blocks of con
Screte for sea walls on sandy shores, to lattirel
crihs and willow wuttles, and who prefer the
antient hydtraullcs of the MHs-issipDi tf the
nitduern etmuztsis and anguilated diagonutls of
beiver work. I regret to see these noble relits
tof a ast generation with atll their stage t'iaunicu'
and luggers, aucient arms and implements run
Sovvr. trnl, niIied and swepDt alway, bIy steatm, elec
tricity slid jetty propelleud vwater currents. But
Sthe "wiurld moves," aund
"T'imt. llktm an ever-rolling stream.
Beare all its sons away."
EDW. FONTAINE.
Atgiers. New Orleans. La.
I thave handed this card to the DEMOc'BAT. in
whitse offl,.i I have somre personial frienlds. andi
SI wouldl have made copies for eachi oe of rour
' city ipapers. but I have no one to assist me in
- iwriting, andt I coluld not spare thei time. I
hbp.u', however, they will putblish it, andt thie
ta urus which will sIn'i"ted it. in viuw of ttit, gruat
Shtimolrtnneo of the subhect: and I reslpee fully
ire.I.st.t the papers of the cities of thb' valley to
: give them a place in their columns.
For useful and ornamental Christmas pros
ents, go to Navra's China I'alace.
That prince of gentlemen's furnishing goods,
Leighton. always comes to the front, not only
during the holidays but all the year round. and
i as he still clings to permanent location, no one
who is i, need of any article required for a
gentlemen's toilet can fail to find his empo
rium. corner of (Cnal and St. Charles streets,
under the Crescent Hall. He has in h.s store
dress articles, fr rm the cheapest cravat to the
most expensive shirt. It is superfluous to add
that Mr. Leighton. who unders'ands so thor
oughly the requirements of this community.
has recently provided for all demands that may
be made by the most exacting devotee of fash
ion.
Dr. J. R. Walker, dental surgeon. 180 Delord
street.
In another column will be seen the aavertise
meat of A. B. Griswold & Co., corner of Royal
and Canal. They have a very choice selection
of jewelry and ornamental novelties in their
line for the holldas.
LETTERS FROM THE PEOPLE.
PENNIEJS-CHEAP JUSTICIB-THE NRW a
ORLEANS PACIFIC-IIMIlRA*
TION CONVENTION. 1
Cents a Legal Tender.
tIit,,r IDen, oral-Rlneo you have undertaken t
to introduce into circulation the copper coins
of the United States, would it not be well to let r
the public know, through your columns, that I
they are a legal tender for any amount not cx
coe(ling twenty-five cents. One of the city rail- e
road companies has instructed its drivers not o
to receive themn, and if taoe fare is paid in cop
per coins, to requirlle repayment in nickel or sril
ver coine.a This the ecompany has no right to do, t
Railroad comllpanis. are common carriers, and I
are legally bouInd to carry any passeeger who r
iays or tenders the fare in coppers, not exceed- i
lug twenty-five cints In any one payment. Seen
Revised titntutes of the United States, sections
3515 and 3587.
Cheap Justlre--Our Jury System.
Elior ,.i ,',nrat-An important matter In our
jurisprudencoe. which should claim the attention
of our next Legislature, is that which relates to
our present jury system. Trial by jury, no
doubt, is a great boon, a glorious privilege, and s
the satisfaction, honor and glory of being a c
juryman inestlmable--perhaps. But, unfortu- 5
nately. it is well known that a majority of even
our most law abiding and patriotic citizense
never court the position of jurymen, even when a
paid fir their services, and seek to evade this e
judicial duty. What, then, can be said in coln- i
mendation of the present law, which compels ti
old and young, rich and poor. nutees roles, to
perform, without comllpensation, this compara
tively obnoxious duty?
A few yiars ago .urymen were cotnpensatenl
for their services- we are not prepared to say
whether sufficiently or not. A rich man was J
not expe"tetd to neglect his private affairs to
perform a public duty without a consileration,
nor a poor citizen, whose daily toll alone sus
tained his famiuly, compelled for weeks. "free,
grahti. for nothing. to ilance attendance to a P
mandate of Ii collrt while his family was starv- t
inFinally some of our learned lawmakers ar
rived at ile conclusion that a paid jury system
was an evil; that there were "professional jury
men ;" that our jBuries weor frequently made up
of unworthy individuals, who were to> indolenut
to work for a living and who wore in daily at
tendancn at. our o(,llrts. Our legal wiseacros in
the rofrun lit ysof their lgislative wisdom couil.
ldiscover no other remredly flr this evil iut an
abolition of all fees for the performiance of jury
IlVu" feel satisliedl that there was cause of icom
plaint in regarl' to t h mannilller in which iurines
wereselectedl; antl further, that there is still.
The prescribed rem· dylv, Ilowever, has not (or
reited the evil. Let it he s.ein that the court
oltliles and their nimultit li of dleputies strictly.
ihonestly and discriminiltiingly lnforce the pro
visions of the law in li panellI hg jurors. 'hils
alon e canll mneet 1i emotrgency dll t securU r hon
est and wirt h y jLurors.
The poverty, il stitiltion andil suffering that
hava prevailed in our midst for the past few
years lhiic lbeen toii great to reqirllle our citi
zens, indiscrimnli ately, to perforrli the duties of
jurymen without clitipens.tlllion. To exact
tbis is i nreilsoable and anlilj l,-t; an intolerable
imposition, which, in a meaiur', justifies tho
mnlnIly suittPeriullg'i. resorted to in evading jury
lulty. We tope lour next Liegislature will io
viiote prop'fir attenit ion toi the sutiein't.
The New Orleans Paciflc.
NEW (IIbLESAN. )e'. 2(. 177
E. it. Whiloi'k. President New Orleans 'Pacifli
hallwiiy:
Dil," .Ni-''lhe' milaps lof the roultn of your road
are very suggest live, ind make' 11e think of lthe
great aIlvantage to be deriveid, in the way of
itnmigratin, and capital. by Now Orleans anil
Iiuisiana. fronm the completion of your road to
MLrshall. T'exas.
Illnning thurougr h one of Ihe richest and most I
produtllllive eo Itlitri-s in the Soulth, or that thle
human eye over Ibehetl, no doubt the traveler ,
will be ciapttrlvatd Iby the bteauties of nature t
spread 1out before li; Il ;e Strops, bulys a home; r
is vi-ited by his friends and relatives, who also I
learn the superitor illnduclements of your soil. 1
climate and plrod(tionl'lis, ikewweo stop. buy
homes, and t1hus add to your population and
cviil tll.
But your road would also give immense value (
to the lands on each side of it, amnll once again I
land in Louisiana would sell for aoI and slo0 per
acre Now, however. your tirr.s bonhe, your
beautiful lands, your sunny clime. starry skies,
and golden fruits are unknown to the adlvn
turous emigrant, who 1passes riound by St. Louis
or over to Galveston. and seeiks a home in the
less favoried and less genial climate of the Far
West.
But how tllhe property owners of New Orleans
canll see the ef ct of railroad connecition with
Texas by tilhe Missouri. Kansas and Texas, and I
Iron Mountain railroads. and not wake up and
see to their own intere-nts. isstrange.
New Orleans was a large city when St. Louis
and ('hlcago were small villlages; now ar'- oft I
thu-ese citlr-a-raei , tf lrprisýi, elities, doubhlo I
Now Orlenus in wealth and plopulation.
-It nay pr.inapi bs c-at.- withr-uth thatt- inae s
Ht. Loulis ext'llended her railroads to Texas sihe
hasn gained more wealth and population than
New Orleans lnow ciontains.
()o groat hift is evident-.t. Loui.1 now has
thel Texas trade which New Orleans once en
joye,i. and It you ask any se-nsible lilan why or
how it happened., he cai but point to tile Mis
solri. Kanslas and Texais and Iron MoIluntain
rail roads.
IlHow i'an you recover this Texas tralde again.
which is worth Iwlue what- it was live years ago.
when New Orlanls list It-thlie poiiullition of
Texas having doubiild in that timne. owillg to the
building of ralirioads Into aind throughoult that
StaItil' Ilw ian New Orleans obtain tilli hanid
ling of tle best part of thlie T'xlls cotton irop of
siiUme 500,0ie bales. not to menlltion other articles
of prcuillltion that wolulld come to your city from
that State. sull('h as grain, eattle, hides, tallow.
etc., and tile ftrnishing in relurn of grocerens.
dry gloodis and s1pplsies of all 1indls? The
:answer is as plain as the nose on a man's face
by railroadl conmmunication. You must afford
transportation as rapid 1. that given by St.
Louis; then it would Ic folly for Texlas to buy
sugar, nolasses, dry goods. groceries, etc., in
St. louins, and pay for th~ar in cotton and tLhler
roiiluce shipped by rail to that city, over lines
uIldreds of miltis longer' tlhan the one thex
will have to New )Orielans---a seIaboardl town.
MonIIley invIistl by Ny w ()rleans ill raillroads
to TexIa should vi. ll an hundired per cent ,per
annum to the conlnlmon wealltil on the alllount
invest(lea.
l'artles having prolrty in the city, or lands
on the l111 if yoiur road. will surely aid its ratid
completion all they can, if they know their own
interests.
In conaclusion, permit me to say that the citi
zan of New Orleans who first connects it with
Texas by rail will, as a publie benefactor, be
worthy, accordling to thls old Roman cllstom, of
a, statue, which was granted to anlly Roman who
ndliedl to the ginelral wealth and prosperity of
Rome.
In haste, but very respectfully,
J. M. MORPHIM,
State Immigration Con ventlon.
Editor D'mon-rat-The State Immigration So
ciety has called a State convention, to be held In
New Orleans, January 14. 1878, to devise the most
priaetical plan to induce immigration to our
State.
This I regard as the most important move
ment ever made by the pelople of Louisiana.
We have millions of acres of idle lands upon
which to settle the many thousands of good
honest and intelligent farmers of the North and
Northwest who are looking for cheap lands and
a healthy country to emigrate to. Thousands
annually pass through our State to the State of
Texas. Now. we can get ( ur share of this im
migration if we will work for it. Let the peo
pie abroad know that we want them. They
have been led to believe that they are not
wanted; and that, if they did come, their
lives would not be safe. Let everv man in the
State put his shoulder to the wheel, and see to
it that each parish in the State is represented
in the coming convention by able anti earnest
representatives.
We must have a white immigration to Louis
iana before we have any permanent and real
prsperity. Look at the great Northwest. It is
within the memory of all of us when it was a
vast wilde ness, and now it is the richest agri
cultural country in the world. Poor, honest
white farmers emigrated to this wild country,
and have made it what it is to-day. Naturally.
we have a much better agricultural country
than any portion of the North or Northwest.
Louisiana has more natural advantages than
any other State in the Un'on, a more genial
climate, besides the product of our land being
double that of the North. Then our State has a
water communication from all pain's of the
compass, which never freezes up. to the city of
New Orleans. thus alway, insuring the producer
much cheaper transportation to market than by
rail. Let us ask, "Why don't immigration
come ?" Simply because we have made no effort
to get it. The movement now being made by
some of the most earnest and distin
guished citizens of the State, if properly
acted upon by the farmers and planters
throughout the different parishes, success is
certain. But without an earnest, hearty co
operation of the planters we can accomplish
but little. I trust that evoer man in the State
illt feei the efraMt hiasl¶lttllhc etv
upon him and h aalders to the Wheel.
iYet us have a ftal represent~ton in the coming
convention from every parish in the State, and
let us proclaim ti the world that we have, after
a long struggle redeemed Louisiana: that we
have 1educed taxation and reformed the bad
laws: that we have one of Louisiana's sons for
G.overnor, honest, Intelligent and faithful; that
we have a strong State government, and that
the law is resopeted and executed throughout
the State to all alike.
If we once get the tide of immigration dl
rested to our 'tate, it will then regulate itself.
For instance, about elghteen months ago a few
familins from central Indiana so'tled near
Holly Springs. Miss. Now the colony numhers
over three hundred lHosiers. This is the kind
of immigration we want. Let, every man who
loves Louisiana and prosperity go to work, and
in a few years we will be the richest people in
the world. Let me say. In eonclu'ion, white
immigration is the only thing between us andl
prosperity-- it is within our reach. Hoiping that
the iron-listed yeomanry of the State will re
spond to the call. I will close
HAM. H. HOUSTON.
lrChOK NOTICES,
CuERRaY liRx. A romaneo. Biy the author of
"C(ming Thro' the lye" 1). Appleton & Co.,
Neot York; Goo. Ellis, New Orleans.
"Cherry Itipe" is as sweet and as charming a
Dicture of a young girl as we have seeni for
some time. The description, in the opening
chapters, of the heroine Mignon, while yet a
school girl, would alone make the story charm
ing. There is no tragedy, little Inarning in the
novl ; It is only the true and simple story of a
girl's life told In the most Pliu int manner. Of
eourse, the main topic is love, which forms the
body of the story; but the deseriptions scat
tered throughout give it, life and character.
HOTEL ARRIVALS.
ST CIHARLES IIO'TEIL-T L Collins, Tenn;
I1 M Taber, New York: H Houston, St Louis;
J E Moyers. Baltimore; Miss A Druith, I a; ltev
J J Fedigan. Carthage. N Y; L Jewett, U H N:
A Moreland. Cincinnati; Gen H B (litz. U 8 A'
Dr C T Brocket1 Baltimore; l'G Bowman and
wife, Teras; (Ahas L Bausher, New York: S
Hprigg Camphorll, Richmond; W J Nicolls, Bal
timore; H Kramer, St Louis; W White, Vieks
burg: L collame. lirltimore: E IR Robertson, H
Robertson. New York ; F 1' Poetic and wife, St
James; Louis LsBourgois, Ht .James; Gen C II
G rosnenor. Athens. 0; Iev W S Alexandnr, city
Frank H Lewin, New York; L Giernmhurg St
Mary: 11 F Schultz, Cincinnati; .1 Stein, New
York; F B Williams, St Mary.
HT. JAMES HOTEL--J Brown, Louisiana: C
E Smitlh and lady, H J Teth, J B Fraley, wife
and children Texas; L Watkins, Milsissip pl;
A C Muller. E T DoeMing, city: W 'I Walthall,
Mississippi City; Mrs T A Micheal, J. T Johas
ir, T tiuson Motrile; I Curtis, city: R G Per
kins, T i PI'rkins, Southern Express Company:
Dr I Du Pris. Louisiana: T E Tompkins.
Louisvill: J A Moore. Toronto; M I Haw
thorne, Atlanta : All Talilerro, San Francisco;
Ed Kin"ev. New York.
CASHIDY'S.-W IB Gray. Morgan City; Tihos
E Ltnahaon I. ed }liver _L undi..." Pfter Lnes
han, Nashvill.: W 1I Nance. Memphis; H F
MofTott and wife. Carrollton, Miss; L, I Alford.
Forestville. Miss: Winston Wilkinson, Amite
county, Miss; L P Miu,)rmnack. Indiana; James
.Jones, Miss; Wm Clarke, N Y ; John larkecity;
W 11 (lino', Menphis: L M Simmons, Louis
ville: Go W ('turtis. Louisville: It B Powell. La;
c'ham Townsend Athens, Ohio; J W Oliver.
Chattanuoga; Sylvest r Hand, Cini'lnnati: D C
Calkins, St iouis; (' H lariuc. Grenada; Dr
Jos Bavliss. Richmond, Va: J ' Drumcr, Bos
ton:; lrank B Farwell, SHt l'aul; RI M Haile,
Laurel HI ill, lmU': 'J MC'(arthy, illrnan I'Prrlrr
( 'ar Co: G D Ln. avi ata: (in ( ('arson. l'hila
d.lphia ; A A 'arisot. Y.co, City: .J T Carp enter.
steamer Fanchon : It ( C(r,o. La; H 8 Buford.
Texas; A L Armstrong, Westmnster, S C; N D
Itrherts, Nick Roberts Troupe: .1 W Coppage,
L.bhanon, Ky ; Dr D) IiDreo. Alxandria, La: J
llurlburrt andm.aughtir., Ilandshorno. Misse: (I W
Portr'r and Wmilv. Blomiingtorn. Ill1; W J S
Johrnson, ('herryviltle. la; Jrmes Sherman.
Drrhtlrtr ;; ' T Parkr-r, city: A lytl, Memphis:
.IJa Urquihart, Madison parish; Chas O'Mally,
J) tll q "n e.
(:1"'Y HOTEL,-- I P LIurkett. Itapides: Chas
Lake, Chiego; H IH s nmond. Texas; II D
(Irn, Bcoston; Mrs i Itircihard-on, Jackson;
John A Williams, Alexandria; T H Ford W 'T
Htrocker. Miss; B It Splanie, river; It . Faelters,
city; W A Rnrtlldge, lower coast; IJohn IH Ran
do liph. Ibtrviln; ,James Pollock, Ocean Hrinlesn:
iR Powers, Jackson; 0C Le, Miss; J Fay
Watson, West Va; B W Handall, Nuashville;
J.ames W Liddell. Jr., Carroll county; M Har
ret a and wife. (lalvestCon; nI T Gordy, St Mary:
0 D Parmloy. Port Eads; H T )Darnit, city; M
Pendengoula, Mexico: IBenj IHyatt, Huntsville;
J Batten. Michigan; Spicer Jones, Assumption.
RAILROAD PERSONALS.
Among the departures by the Mobile Fast Line
last nvtrning were the following: C. B. Bud
deoks. St. l,ouis Wmin. Groshen and family,
Jacksonville; Capt. John J. Piatt. Cincinnati;
S. DI. tockman, Sewane,. Tenn.; J. W. 8. Frier
son, Nashville; It. ID. Carpenter. Jacksonville;
John Pall. Chi-ago; Mrs. EI. I. Lauble, Wash
ington; J. B. Lutterlot anti wife, Cedar Keys;
(,}nrge, W. Klittredge. St. Louis; W. Forstall.
Havannah : J. L. Hunt. Richmond; James Wolfe
and wife, and Col. W. B. Bowen. Tuskegee, Ala.;
Capt. S. A. Bryant, Capt. J. E. Bryant, Capt.
Martin Briggs, Cincinnati: Almon Thompson,
Pensacola; T. T'ii dnson. Washingtorn: (rapt. A,
J. Schenck. Cincinnati.
Go to .Tno. U. Adams. for new and fashionable
hats, 2:) St. Charlos street.
(CHRTRTM.S AT LEvOts & ,JAMISON's.-This old(I
antd reliable dry goods establishment hra flour
ished for agreat many years and gained the
confidence and esteem of the whole country.
Their house, which is now acknowledged to be
one of the leading houses in the South. has
found it neeossary to greatly reduce the prices
of their elegant goods. The business has fallen
so far below their expectations that they find a
slip of this kind necessary to close out their im
mense stock. See advertisement in another
colurmn.
CIHISTMAS PRESPENTS FOR NOTHINtI . - The
great openling of theto stock at Fellmnan's for the
Christlnas holidays takes place to-morrow.
The surprising low prines at which the poplin~
snowflakes. Initial handkerchie fs colored ano
black silks are marked. not to say anything of
the stylish neckties and cuffs and collars, all of
which have been selected for Christmas and
Now Year's presents, will surprise everybody
who visits Fe!lman Bros at 133 Canal street.
Read the price list in anotlher column.
It aft )rds us much pleasulre to call the atten
tion of our connoisseurs in fine vintages and
liquors, to the establi-hment of that prince of
caterers, Mr. Charles Haminlton, at No. 1t4 Com
mon street. That the gen ial qualities of Charlie
H{amilton are known wherever he is, need not
be stated, and that his lunches are almost Bar
mlevedian feasts is recognlied. In his bijou of
a plae(', now already become a gerneral render
vou-. Charlie gives his hospitable reception
from morning till midnight and his host of
frienlds crowd that hostelry to enjoy the ne'ta
ri no .everages there dispensed.
For useful and ornamental Christmas pres
ents, go to Navra's China P'alace.
Kirkpatrick. No. 1to Magazine street, seems
to be a whole souled gentleman, as in tbh
enumeration of the dlifferent articles he ex
hibits for IChristmas and New Year presents he
forgets nobody, from the gtandfathler to the
baby, and a visit to his neat but extensive and
complete emporium will be a comfort to heads
of families. who no doubt are in trepidation
over the coming worry and arnxiety of tihe holi
days. At his store thtey will find all articles suit
able for presents, for young and old; in fact,
such a variety at such reasonabtle pricers that a
visit onlyt will convince them of the truth of the
above assertions.
Mr. H. B. Stevens. at the corner of Canal and
Exchange Place, nlakes such a matgnifllernt dis
play of clothing and furnishing goo s that it is
unnecessary to enumerate all the articles com
posing his stock. This locat(on is such a promi
nent one that visitors on Canal s reet c(annot
fail to observe the specimens there (tis layed,
but we' wish to call their attention to the fact
that an immense redre ion has been male in
the prices of all articles offered in his now store,
and when we mention that the reduction
amounts to 10 per cent on the marked prices of
goods, we are satisfied that his eustome s will
have no cause to complain. not only of his
prices, but of the quattty of goods which he
offers to the public.
WHAT SHALL WE BtY.-Y,:u may b',b into one
toy store, then into another, in seiarch of some
thing for the children. In many cases you come
away disappointed, hut it is not so with your
visits to Eyriht's. 130 Canal street. There you
can always find something to suit a child or
grown person. Thou ands of beautifully illus
tratedI journals crowd ttte shelves of this popu
lar establishmne:t, while upon the tables are
strewn hundreds of exquisit works, many of
whith are illustrated by the famous Dore. There
is also to be found at Eyrich's a superb selec
tion of albums, writing desks, tinted paper in
beautiful boxes, pocketbooks, pocket knives,
and many other articles which we are unable to
mention in so brief a notice.
M. L. Byrne & Co., 163 Canal street, offer an
immense assortment of attractive goods, suita
ble for Christmas and New Year gifts, at popu
lar prioes.
OPERA...............................OPERA.
NATIONAL THEATRE,
Saturday, Dec. 29, 1577, at S p. mn., 11
COMPLIMENTARY BENEFIT TENDERED TO T
MRS. EVANS,
Under the patronage of the following ladies of
and gentlemen: si
Mr. and Mrs. Randell Hunt. P
Mr. and Mrs. T. L. BRyne.
Dr. and Mrs. Sam'I Cholppin.
Mr. and Mrs. Emory Clapp.
Col. and Mrs. Alfred Roman. 0
Mr. and Mrs. T'hos. C. Herndoa. O
Mr. and Mrs. Chas. J. Leeds. O
Mr. and Mrs. Leeds Greenleaf.
Mr. and Mrs. Chns. A. Whitney.
Mr. and Mrs. Geo. H. Laey.
Mr. and Mrs. Jas. Dunhar.
Mr. and Mrs. W. C. C. Claihorne. Sr.
Mr. and Mrs. Thos. J. emornes.
Mr. and Mrs. Delgado.
Mr. and Mrs. James Jlujkner, .
Mr. and Mrs. John Parker.
Mr. and Mrs. Thos. H. Hunt. O
Mr. and Mrs. Thos. Dujan. O
Mr. and Mrs. John Augustin. O
Mr. and Mrs. Paul Leedls.
Mr. and Mrs. Germain Vincent.
Mrs. Archibald Mon gomery.
Dr. and Mrs. Weindahl, Mr. and Mrs, L. Olivier, B
Mrs. E.J Holbrook. Mr. Fred'k Durrive,
Mrs. I. N. Stauffer, Mrs. N. Houle,
Mrs. E. Puenh, Mrs. J. Winship.
Mrs. A. Chiapella, Mrs. D. A. . Chffraix,
Mrs. J. D. Donegre, Mrs. Wallace.
Miss Huger Mrs. W. A. Violett. B
Mrs. II. W. Adams. Mrs. Edw. Bermudez. a
LE CAPRICE D'UN CORTE. B
French Comic Opera in one act..
BLUEBELL'S BETROTHAL. N
English Comic Opera In one sit. B
POEMS AND MUSIC COMPOSED BY MRS. P
EVANS O
A id executed under her dirention.
General Admission ........................91
Reserved seats, 5rc extra: can be secured at r
Werieln's Music Store, 1p (Canal street.
G allery...................................... 0c
To the Lady Patronesses
-OF 'rTiE
COMPLIMENTARY BENEFIT TENDURED TO e
MRS. EVANS.
We, the undersigned, members of the Varie
ties Associattion, beg to express our regrets that
it is not ,,ssible to tender the Varieties Theatre,
on acciaount of the terms of its lease, for the occa- i'
slon of the benefit to Mrs. EVANS: but willlend U
our heat ty co-operation thereto, and desire to b
placed amonag the patrons for the performance y
of the oteras, which Will take iplaci at the i
NATIONA L THEATRE on December 29, 1877.
Very respectfully, 11
A. Shultz, Thos. H. Hunt,
Emile J. O'Brien. It. W. Simmonds, o
F. B. Green. (Gars. A. lBreaux,
Chas. a. Howard, A. (G. Kennett,
James G. ('lark. A. I' Mason.
W. A. Bell 1D. F. Kenner,
Thos. C. H'erndon, Edw. Topy.
J. 1'. Moore. W. 11. Barstow.
I. T. HBauregard. O( Ho kins,
Hugh W. Montgomery. T. L Ma'eorn,
Nath. D. Wallace. W. B. Krumnlhbaar,.
Julius Aronli. A. Foster Elliott. r
Edw. A. Yorkn. W. H. Bailey.
(lP23: Hu 'i'Th Fr Hat
OPEIA HOUSE.......... OPERA HOUSE.
FRENCH DRAWATIC COMPANY
OF NEW YORK.
For Twentty-four Nights Only.
Opening Night., 'hursday, December 27.
NOH ALLIEEI,
Comedy in a acts, by. Pol Mercier.
LE FEU AU COUIVENT,
(Comedyin i act. by liarriero.
Saturday Evening December 29.
LE GENDIE DE MONSIEUK POIRIERI, C
Comedy in 4 a'ts, by Emile Augler. I
LA VEUVE AU CAMELIA. Comedy in 1 act.
atlurday Matinee at 12.
NO3 ALLIEES and LE FEU AU ('OUVENT. I
Sumndm y Evening, December 30.
LA VIE DE B)IIOiEME.
Drama in 5 acts, by Barriere and Murger.
de23 tf
VARIETIES THEATRE.
NOTICE.
To afftrd necessary time for preparation, the
theatrae will not b, oven to the public on SUN
DAY or MONDAY.
Christmas Day, at I1,
First Representation of the
HOLIDAY PLAY.
First appearance in New Orleans of Mr. T. A.
HAIL. in the beautiful drama, in 3 acts,
entitled '
DANIEL DRUCE.
DAN'L DRUCE
DAN'L DEUCE Tih Success of
IA N'I,.DIRU(IE 1 an Entire Knason
DAN'L DIEUCE I in London.
D).a'L DEUCE I
Miss M. DAVENPORT as Dorothy Druce.
And an effective, assjunmentof the characters.
Written by the distinguished London tIra
matist. S. (Gilbert, Esq.. author of "Pygmalion
and Galatea."
New Scenery and Effects.
Act 1.--The Ruined llut--low the Man's Gold
Became a Living Child-"I prayed for this,
but scoffers mocked me and said that the
days of miracles were passed; but they lied,
my prayer hath been hearkened to."
Ait 2.--Tih Forge---The Man's Fear and the
Maiden's Hope-"We love each other with
a love that pnsseth all telling"-Tho lad
Geoffrey Returns frorm rea.
Ant 3.--Dru'e's ('ittage-A HStruggle of Four
Iloarts-The Dream and the Waking.
Dan'l Druce Every Night and Matinee
During the Week.
HIIOLIDAY GIFT MATINEES.
TUESDAY, WEDNESDAY and SATURDAY
and NEW YEAR every boy and girl will re
ceive a present, and in .l tion a chance toI
secure the two beautiful prrizs, Little Dolly
D)ruce and Santa ('lans' Double Team.
BoSats can hl selUared at the borx rofflee. de2
A CADEMY OF MUSIC.-CHRISTMAS WEEK.
commencing SUNDAY, December 23. Every
night, Tuesday. Wednesday and Saturday Mati- I
noes, ROIOERTS' HIIMPTY-DUMPTY PANTO
MIME TROUI'E, with Mammoth Company of
Specialty Artists.
TUESDAY and WEDNESDAY, December 25
and 26, the Academy's 24th and 25th Annual
Christmas Gift Matinee, presenting lte.0 costly
Toys, at pvoular prices of admission.
Matinees, 'r) and 5o cents. Nhihts, 25, so cents
and $1. Reserved seats ready. No extra charge.
de23 __
LOUISIANA COCKPIT.
Cor. Dumaine and Roman streets.
The LOUISIANA COCKPIT will be opened
SUNDAY. the 2:d inst. The contests will
commence at 11 o'clock a. m., sharp. A se
ries of engagements with the most celebrated
Cocks in the country. now ready for the fray,
will afford unusual at raction to the lovers
of sport. The N. O. City Rallroad ears leave
Clay Statue every five minutes, and pass in
front of the CockDit. d(_r21 tt*
ENGER'S GARDEN.
Nos. 11 and 13 Bourbon street,
H. WENkER, Proprietor,
Has been newly frescoed, and is now the FIN
EST HALL in the South. The artistic improve
ment of the hall was opened to public inspec
tion on Saturday. the 13th inst., at 7 o'clock p
m.
A ldrge number of European and American
pavers aiwa' s on file.
Three rooms for ladies and families, with sep
arate entrance.
The largest Orchestrion in the world plays
from 11 o'clock a. m. to 12 m.
Philip Best's MILWAUKEE LAGER BEER at
Five Cents a glass. oc17 6m
Southern Shoe Factorv
OF JOHLh HANSEN'
88 and 85 Canal street. New Orleans.
TO ALL SOUTHERN CITIZENS.
I am of the same opinion as yourselves any
am determined to help build up the manufac
turing interest of our native State in order to
hel the laboring classes and keep the money,
which would otherwise go to the North, at home.
About a year ago I started my Factc ry, and by
using the best material and palina my hands
promptly, I have been enabled to extend my
business and support o0o women and childrn
that would have otherwise left the State.
order still to Increase my aotory. I would
earnestl eall upon the merohapta, not only of
the oitrLDt of the whole eoa1tg, to fVe me
th~alGd fld - ai~t.S~wu
IWSURAXOWU
PANT OF NEW O.NLN
s04............ canai ltree..... l.... i
TWENTY-THIRD ANNUAL STAT. W.
In conformity with the requirements of their
charter, the Company publish the folIowlla
statement:
Premiums received during the year ending
May 81, 1877, Including unearned preIsmli
of the previous year
On Fire Risks ..................... }~1mN 1
On Marine Risks.... ........... 4
On River Risks ...................... 26," W
Total Premiums................. p.. 66
Loss Unearned Premiums...... 1186118 I
Net Earned Premiums May I1,
1877............................ 4m9.Ws
Losses paid
On Fire Risks.............817,867 6
On Marine Risks.......... 17,062 60
On River Risks............ 8,69 7T7
Taxes and expenses, less
interest ............8 8 as
Reinsurances and Re
turned Premiums.... 16,104 O6- iggMu a
Profit............................. g11dT I
The Company have the following masetes
Beal Estate........................... fA1,ts1
CityBonds........................... 110,1 W
Bank. Railroad and other Stooks
and Mortgage Bonds ............ MA,5g N
Notes secured by mortgage........ 141.04
Notes secured by pledge............ 8N,80
Bills receivable...................... 5,186 3i
Premium in course of collection.... Id,01 IA
Cash on hand....................... T776 a
Total. ... ........................ 10
The above statement is a Iust, te and dor,
rect transcript from the books of the Oomlpani
PAUL FOUROHY. Prblident,
G. W. NoT', Secretary.
STATE 0!.o wzszS*.
Parish of Orleans. City of New Orle6&,J
Sworn to and subscribed before me thesey
enth day of June, 1877. JAMES FAEIt,
Notary PublMle
At a meeting of the Board of Directors, held
on the seventh day of June, 1877. it was resolved
to declare a cash dividend of twenty per dent oa
the net earned participating premiums for thf
year ending May 81.1877, payable on the thi
M-atnel of July next
Also, to pay to the Stockholders, on damous
interest at the rate of five per cent per annagh
on their stock.
DIBE.TOns:
P. Masfero. Hy. Beebe
D. . Chrax. E. To
P. Fourchy, J M. Allen
S. Z. Rel. M. W. mith.
Charles Lafltte. D. Fatjo,
jos tf J. J. Fernandes.
TWENTY-EIGHTH ANNUAL BTSATNMN
--Oy T -
CRESCENT MUTUAL INSURANOKO. MPAON '
Nuw OsnaEe. May 19. 1877,
The Trustees, In conformity with amended
charter, submit the following statement of th
affairs of the company on the a0th of April. 1W18'
Fire premiums...........$180,008 81
Marine premiums.......... 329,816 n
River premiums.......... 81,972 8e
Earned premiums, less re
Insuranceand return pre
miums .................... 693 6 !t
Losses paid and estimated,
including all known and
unpaid, say:
Fire losses. .......887,88 60
Marine losses..... 7,28 41
River losses....... 26510 20
-----n100.181 31
Taxes, expenses,
discount in lieu
of participation.
etc................1.89 58
Less rents, salv
- age savings, etc. 11.76. 72
Gross profits..........................
Of which :68.687 86 is appropriated to )bea g
finterest and liquidation of doubtful assein.
The company have the following assets
Bills receivable..............ges6,a as
Loans on Bonds and Mort
gage. ....... .. ....56 .948 88
.- . - 138m 3
Loans on call .............4,64 18
I ash ........................ 6 ,A46 71
City Bonds .................. IM /6 .
Bank and other Stocks ...... 3., 41
Real Estate................... .186
Premiums in course of Col
lection and BSuspense Ac
count....................... . .43
Total assets*...-....... esl1,
The above statemens is a true and 0orfni
transcript from the books of the Oop .
THOS. A. ADAMSr,elmU
HENRY V, OODEN, S ,retay.
BSworn to and subscrl~ dbefore me thie ais
teenth day of May. 1f.
, f otary
The Board of Trustees thin day resol
after paying the annual dlvidend of
of TWENTY PER CENT in eh
MONDAY. June i1, to those .a.tu .s e
receive the same.
Thos. A. Adams. Fred'k Oamerdua
sam'l B. Newman. J. L. Harris
Sam'! H. Kennedy. hndrewStewar,
John Phelps, Joseph Stone,
Adam Thomson. Goge artln.
Henry Abraham. Alfre oulton.
Victor Meyer, L. C. ur8.
Edward J. Gay. Edward Nall,
Joseph Bowling, Geo. W. Sentel.
litnen Herushelm, A. Levi.
Nimon Forcheimer. W mn. H e
Jos. B. Wolff. Paul rt mer,
R,. B. Post, John . ore.
Ed, Pilsbury, W. B. Coner,
Jno. E. Klng. Heny IM PLeetor.
Reuben G. Bush. J. J. rby.
SUN MUTUAL INSURWAN C
COMIPANY.
Paid Up Capital, SO,@*e.M
FBOM THE TWENTY-FIBST ANNUA. e
STATEMENT FOB 187l
Net annual earned pre
miums and Discounts
and Interest.............. TJI,
Losses. Expenses. Taxes,.
etc...... ..»S...... 19770
Reserved fund =o0o, an
Dividend on capital 10
per cent. ..-- ....-...-.. 194'- ..a1- .
NetProt....... 173. MIA
Assets of the ,.tpany es
timated at their cash
market value:
Stocks Bonds, Loans and
Bills ecevable .......... Om. ,
Casth on hand and premi
ums in course of colleo.
tion ...................... I
Dividend paid on stock tea. pr to
num, and on particlpatina poll0s " w
cent, payable In cas.
leis on Fire, RiveranJ Mi'lne r.Sa

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