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THE NEW ORLEANS DAILY DEMOCRAT.
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE STATE OF LOUISANA AND OF THE CITY OF NEW ORLEANS. VOL. 1ll-NO. 7. NEW ORLEANS, TUESDAY, I)ECEtMBERt 25, 1877-DOUBLE SHEET AND SUPPLEMENT. PRICE, FIVE CENTS CAPITAL NOTES. Mattefs at Swa EsI'zrlo-Fears of New Difficult teI. WASrgOi~iTOt, Dec. 's.-The authoritelo at the De~SZpajment are anxious to hear ofli-laliy UO8Eiario as to what. e'htcl lthe pros-rco a at I States troops at. that point has. They ,7-"f'e oo ul that tho offc-t, wIll Ibi tltogoether S leae, but they have some fears that when mat is ande by the troops to assest the naking arrests of the garly f f 'itobs e te tow. some now diflhccty may br'ak A vi are expected front Man 1 lizario teto mnoon. Christmas Cloingsa. TN, Dec. 24.-The departments are rom to-day to allow the eh'rks to r'pSare bpm Phristman. All clerks who had not an on Maturday last. were given thoir sary to-day, except t hoso of the Post ..aWU ~e partnent. Patterson's Condition. WM INO'rotoN. Dec. 24.-The meembers of ena C F tterson's family elated this morning that enator's condition hat not improveul aid 'Was sqv astu to give rise to sc'rlicus aplct-chen 'hbL ae !s sleeping heaviiy utnder tice Infiup t" Oe of strong doses of morphine. ills vlysi - are stil to be afraid of ant clatck of parad DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE. oW ,York's Delinquent Commiasloner. Naw onx Dee. 24.-Suprinitendent Wallingt as taken the matter of the aiprenhetlon o e e delinquent Commttisiontor in his ownt di, nd the entire forcn of the onuttral (If e ward detecillvos are siouring the lity lajrcih of the fugitive. k~elico of l Brooklyn, Newark. Now Bruns AlO, bany, Philadelphia libciltniiro and tNor ton. v"e bee n of rime and 'eap an y n examination of the pasosnger I Fa e steamers has bei nsiiue.i nds of Murphy state that for some g past he has acted n a 5tlanogc cal nier. too t boat !i tog to the notice of the Mayor. and in abiity he will take stops leading to the aQtpoi eat of Murphy's suienssor. Preparatons for the Paris Exposition. Yoa.Dec. 24.-Ex-Gov. l'ieharil McCor m 0chief commissioner to the Paris Exhibl- I lion. 9psned his oflice in room tweniy-foncr. c to oo building in this city this morning. f wl kap his ufheo open to reeolve appli a sogat tom mae kfinal arrangements until thec rsitof March. Applicationse for sjeace are' el ,;ereaiumerous. and the work undeirtaken iy the ett nen's commission has been turned over tothe government eommiifoncr, who says that the fispiay of manufacture'd articles will hc very large and very creditable. judglng by pres ent1 appearances. FOREIGN NEWS. A National Assembly. a LOmtoz, Dec. 24.-A dispatcth from Athens rs the Cretan insurgents have convokcd at Iý to al sembly, and have formed it Ior government. g WAR NOTES. Repulse of the Servians. LONDoN. Dec. 24.-A dispatch from Viennana aythe etervians have been repulsed with an immense loss at Yatre. Gladstone Apologizes. LOEDoII, Dec. 24.-A dispatch from Conttawn- d. ile says Mr. Gladstone has ateol 'gied to :Ei~at Pasha for his unjust. atcuscttions. (x rýý St MARINE NEWS. Bot/TgwEsT PAs., J)cc. 24.-Arrived: Nor' Ian bark Trans-Atlauntic' ienson master. 42 He s from Barcilona, in ballast, to wttster: It American schooner John Atwood. Hunt'rto master 12 da s front ituatan. with fi ult, .1. heca. Sailed: Barks Celin E. McNc-il. i rt on. Wind northwest, light. Weather t'k and ha.y. RT EADs. Dec.4. 2-Arrived: British steam- t hip Joseph Pease. Chitham ma" ter. at 12 in., 27 fmnLiverpool, n ballast to A. K. M illr ý.I~p~ahishteamshioCarolina. at. a:4o t. mn., ' istra. master, 2 days from Maat-z"as, in te 'i-! to Ranger.' Fatman & Co : Spanise brig at Ajur master, ic days from C'lccefcngos, at to Hall .e- Stringer. Snit. d: 8 cam- tti hickham.Borussia; ships E ithl. .iii- uc r elrosebiExpounder; bar ks Uiano.Tran,,it, n olpeoalm brig Grant~Marion, Aunnbalo. MEXICAN FRA DIAVOLON. Their Popularity with all Clannew Aerom the Border, and Eperlaily with the Women. [Ohicago Times.) Col. George Flournoy, of Galveston, Texai who has lived long in Mexico, was in th French army which placed Maximilian on th throne, and understands the Mexican peopi and their peculiarities very thoroughly, sai to a reporter in Washington the other day: Suppose we take Mexico as a wihole, not con ourselves to the worst claises that ii abst e border, but Including the better elc anenta of the more settled districts. While th pirit of brigandage is not so strong it is in lredle how deep-seated in the prejudice of a] thepeople is the feeling that right near them looklng at their doors, trying to encroach or their territory, Is a now, progressive, me bhanical, commercial race, likely in it fey yers, if not violently opposed, to change ant perhaps destroy the social relations and the mr habits which have been growing nger and stronger in Mexico for centuries is really the dominant dread In the of the Mexican people. They don't e the Anglo-Saxon push and enterprise. It tarferes with their settled prejudices ir v0r of standing still, keeping quiet, living oag lazily from year to year, and shunning ties and inventions of every description. is in a trance, and Mexico wants to en y the same sort of repose. They believe it thin .Now growing out of this antipa which you will observe is strong as ast improvement from every quar as well as from the United States, the curiously uns,' tied state of . There is little or none of the e life there we see in this country our recent civil war how quickly we t back to the arts of peace! Just because men composing our armies nad homet children to think of. There was somei in our social relations that made it imo. le for a man to remain a guerrilla. Bul MIexico it Is just the reverse. The country ihfested with wild young men whose for. and characters are dissipated, and y turn to robbing diligences and levying as on small and defenseless towns. the sentiment of the people makes an wof a man the moment he turns pirate stage robber, and communities band him. But in Mexico this of career is enveloped in ask Sheppard cloud of romance. It is possible for the people not to Indulge a sentiment in favor of these dare vagabonds who perform such feats of and dexterity. With the women, ly, these Fra Diavolos are ex el popular. Of course such a condition leeling among even the better classes ren is agood state of societ out of the quer n. Their normal condition is disorder. For y years they have known nothing else. bend to the hero of the hour, regardless ilht or law, and what is called the regular cif r in Mexico is enlisted with the under that his services are due to-morrow er president if the people change minds. They owe allegiance to the man , no matter how often a change this general among the peoDle ?" the poorer ci but not the people of wealth and lrge inter-. Um. ago I viisited in southern .4m.io New Orleans wlao~bad; -. ýr: k.rsý,ýa1ýý. "`°;~ t "nx-4 . married a rich Mexican widow. lie had be comale lestieicated. lie had private soldiers on his vast estates. Maximilian was in power, and orner was beginning to reign for the first, time in many years. This gentleman said to me that he believed in the empire heiauso it r promised good government, but Ite wouli op' pose it through poliey. In explanation of this curious contradiction, he said that they al Sways oppjosedl the partyy in po wer, I!istcase ihiy knew that for the sake of is own reput tint he wouli never do the large landowners any violence, and thus being safe, so far as he was concerned, they must rank themselves against himt to avoid being plonlered by his *ouenis. It was a fact I found true all thi ugh Mexico (said the colonel), that these large iipro ierty owners always came out in hostility to thO reig ning iower on general principles. It was the instinct of self-preservation. I know it is the same to-day, for I have taken pails to inquire." "How cani we settle those matters ? Ily oc cupation ?" "No, Indieed. We might war for years anid not ac'ompileh anything nl the way of ri formning this sentiment of unrest and hostil ity to change. (}en. Moitt coniierewl Mexi ,, but an army of occupation would have found the country a si'ond Spain in the Peninsular war. We don't want the country; we can't change the people and make thorn as we are, so wfiy fight T In several generations we might so far, by peaceful methods, infuse some commercial spirit into them that they would be courteous neighbors, and, possibly, valuable ones. But the probleni Is very per' plexing. In miny opinion )Diaz will simply com Init political suicidd if he undertakes to form or carry out any alliance with this 'ouiltry which compromises his countrymon's tastes for depreiiation. .Iuarno never dared do this. You remember that eiieral Trevino resigned when orderea to co-operate with (eneral Ord in working agalist the Mexicans and he is the most popular man in Northern Mexico. Our government will find that I iai cannot cornmand his offlcers In this matter, Iet~enor Zarna-ora and Dliaz be ever so sincere in their professions and proposals to our govern nient. At present, in my opinion, it is the first and highest duty of our government to repel the irresponsible cattle-thieves on the border, and when that has been done efTectu all , we can consider some more civililwie ans of introducing the people of Mextceto ituaily profitable trade and relations. Pattermoite Illnemi. 19'. Louis Republf can.) WA41INdlrTON, O)ni. 21.-The condition or enataor Patterson becanie very er-itical early this morning, and was not Improved at a late hour this evening. The disorders under which he is sufTering are comnplicated, and may prove fatal. When list attaicked he hai paralysis in his lower ihnbs, and last night there were symptoms of congestion of the brain, and these have since developed so alarmingly as to give great anxiety to his fatnilV and ruedical attendiants. The ordeal to which he has been subjectedl for ser oral months past in the shapo of r-e quisitions front South Carolina, ana the severe criticlsms of party friends for his course in voting for Butler, have completely prostratedl his nervous system, and it gave way as soot as the prsnsure was retioved. . tist after the fight in the Monate was over, he complained of fooling unwell. This evening two doctors are at his bedside, and they re- I port that tie cannot survive another shock d Pike the one of this morning. Senator Butler was about to start for South Carohina, but has deferred his visit while the crisis lasts. Should Senator Patterson be carried off Gov. Hampton would appoit a Denocrat to succeed him, and the Senate would then he a tie, counting David Davis among the Demo irate, thus giving the Vice I'residentthe cost- i zig vote. I nder such circumstances the ai seine of onostir Sharon would be fatal to the Repubician side. The Income Tax. r IN. Y. Herabil WAs4IT1',ITroN, Dec. 19. -.A sub-committe sof the Ways and Means will probably report to *the whole roinittee a proposition to rlem pose an income tax, the object being to obtain try this means a decrease of the tobacco tax and of one or two other internal taxes. The argument made In favor of an income tax is that the Eastern and seaboard Middle States - now pay fal less internal tax than the North western and the Southern Middle States' that property and production are overtaxed in these latter compared with the burdens borne by the former, and that an income tax would equalize the load. Western and Southern members of the House very generally favor an income tax, and the measure is espeitally strong among the Northwestern members, who say that gov erument bonds are almost all owned in the seaboard States; that these are exemptied from taxation and that an income tax is the only way to reach the bondholders. Mr. lHar rlison of Illinois, has a bill laying a grad uated income tax and bearing very heavily on large incomes, which he means to push after te recess. But his bill will probably be referred to the Ways and Means Commit tee, which is not of one mind upon the subject at present, but it will thoroughly consider the question, and it is not unlikely that a part of the comprehensive plan for raising the revenue needed, which it will bring into the House soon after January 10, will be an in come tax laid specifically for one year, and to fall unless it is renewed by an act of the next Congress. Preparing for the Paris Exposition, N. Y. Herald.] WASmnNOTON, Dec. 19.-Two sailing ships and a steamer will lie ready to sail in Febru ary and March under the direction of the Secretary of the Navy with goods for the French International Exposition. The Com missioner of Agriculture will at once proceed to prepare for an extensive display of cotton tobacco, wool, Indian corn, sugar rice and other products of this country. he also in tends to exhibit a choice collection of different kinds of wood of this country. Gov. McCor mick, the Commissioner General, will, the first of next week, issue rules and regulations concerning the application for space and the transportation of goods. He will require the services of only four or live clerks up to the opening of the Exposition, and these places have already been fillled. Commander William A. Kirkland has been designated to command the ship Supply, the first vessel to be loaded with American goods for the Paris Exposition. The Supply is at New York, and will be loaded at that port. The Constitution, it is thought, will be the next vessel to be designated, and she will be loaded at Philadelphia. Commander Kirk land commandied the Supply during the Vienna Exposition, and on his return to the United States wrote a complete report of the Exposition. The Troublesome Tramp. [Chiocgo Time..] BALTIMORE, Dec. 21.-The tramp conven tion held three sessions to-day, and tinally adjourned this evening. The subjects under consideration were elaborately discussed by Montgomery Blair, Bishop Gay, of the Enis- i copal Church, Rev. George Muller, of E In land, Judge Gilmore, Chas. Abert, of Ws ington, and many others. The form of a bill 1 to be presented to the coming Legislature was adopted, providing that all persons traveling through the State and found sleep- t ing in barns and out-houses shall be incar- I cerated and sentenced to a term of labor in C the house of correction. A resolution was t also adopted requesting that executions be t conducted privately, and that more frequent e terms of courts be held. B. Henry Smith, a representing the "Nationals," a labor party, t created a sensation by denouncing the actioa I just taken by the convention as a crowning 'quity and entered his Drobest against the propoed aarrest of free wbite A mertn cti e* tL tinw a HAYES AND CONKLINU. t THE NOUTITERN NEMOIfRATIC *ENA. o TOR4 MI(TAINING THE rilE I t UENfW APPOINTMENTM. Haye' Civil service Niuemne and Wily It will Fall -lrant's Experimentoo- How the fPil 4ervice im to Truly be Reformned. IFponoal Correspondoeno of the Drmoorat.l WAum1oroN . DT . 4o4, 44177. 11 The til it ode 4a44nmedi by the handful of Ilonmo ' eolrtf Annatorh wihoI I otnd iwith evnon ( 'onk y Iling against, 44111 NEW YoRK NOMINATIoN4, togother with the position taken by the Wish 1n 4gto4$ 0 i4 In the h ame pro nisns, hoH served to d4vnlop with conshi44ratbnlo ularnes4 the rela tions 1etween Mr. 1ayso 4nd Il Sou 1 thern Democrats a4 a hotly In the ornate. It Ia dis noverod that. notwithltanding the faith les nones of Mr. Hayes and his friends both to the onuth t 41u1 to the(ns'lves In tioe matter of seatIng Kel r iogg ha14 not alienated from the Administration h any av 4r44iab1i part of the Honthern strongi1t lint that 14 he Shvintors from the Hoijtf turn still ready not only to vote in solid 4h44anx for Mr. 11445 f1n44m4in e4 , but. also to make fervid P menche1 In their bolif and even to proceod to the (xtr41mity of personal eollisin with th4 - personal en4mi14 of Mr. Ill yes in his own party upon the floor of thI o nal'4to. Tiis Is a state of affairs that a4innot fall to oxoito, at, c4ast4 , inquiry among the peopil of the S14th as to I whether the form i)ormora'y" means any thiug In that 4.tion, and, If 1o, what and how rimuch. U I(ndo)btetdly it il th' prlvinl-e of i4 H ])nator r in -to Ignore party and to vote 44on 1141144mint Ions in a4'4ordanc' e wi1th his judgment 4as to t14e In terests of the pubi service at InIrgo. But It s4o14s to me that, there I1 44 limit even in this re gaor. beyond whilh it Is imip1s!lble to go h - out Impairing that uniformity of purt4, . that reguinrity of frontt. and that 1othsion of rl Mponsiility whioh are r0144i4ite to the r0onpeta blllfty of party organizitions. I take It that every HoIthernr DP1m111rat.e H4n ator dlisiros above all things to pave the way for an P.On r1d 414'14s of I hi DcimocratIo party In 1414144; 410h a 4u1e4s4 a1 shall piano all branches of the gove-rnmont under our p144 trIll, and Ily miIjoritfos 0o d(14.1ive 14s to put any at temlpt at another "4leoltoral count" out of the junust1on. If I have wronged any southern Demlolrafte fonator by Including 1 hi in this 1 sweOping 1ategory. I hope he will notify ml. so 0 that I may mlake du1 rotaration at the earl lost moment. But we may take It for granted, I think, that the universal desirI Is as I bave stated. Thus the quIllion still open for discus 1lon is I111t4d to method of a 1complishluig the result whioh ill desire. And fron this 4 point of view It Is tortminnt to inquire how and where 14i1y permanent gain 14 to a4erne to tIo National Democratic organization by the employm1nt of it4 fortes In the Henote to sus tain TIIC ADMINTHTRATION in those poli.es whvfh may he antagonlied by the whole or any part of the President's oW4 party in that body. If the poli4ies of the Prod- t dent were distintively Demuooratie and a4ntago- t nizd by the 4onato R14 pub4icans a1 s44 el, or If ho had nominated Democrats to office for the F purpose of repairing to somre extent the wrong( t wrought upon the majority of the po10le by those who "ounted 'Iir. alnyes In, there would t be no d1ub4t 44s to the duty of all DemooraHtl 14nator4. But such Is not thl 4ase. Mr. Hay1 s 4 takes P1 to uInII 1o(n1 in 14i5 44411 4u(S4,1 with Homiewhat monotonous Iteration, that r the policieP wh h111 1ie rolommr nds were set forth in the last national platform of the Ie publl-an pnrty as distinctive art1les In Its oreed. Now one of thoas polities has boni at rictly Demooratic. to wit: that whioh was em- 1 bodIled in the withdrawal of the Federal forces ( from the duty of forcing al40 and hateful 4i4s- a governments upon the conquered peopIl thero- ft of. It was therefore proper that k TIlE REPREHENTATIVas OF THE NATIONAL DEMOI:- I RACY should sustain the President in this Volley, it whih they did. by the wily. Io1 the rather un rla 44(11 form of re44using to vt14 supplies for fear 1. they would b-r udnd to enforce other polieies. t But this Is all over now, and the good that fhan been done 1.cold not be undone short of another war 41 sil1ly as terrible 441 the one we have just passId through. M.r. Hayel h44s done right. and in that he has b1*en sustained by t he Democracy1 ; for it fil hey the applause of the people, ai Let us close the hooks teIrle I1L4ItWo they tire 1. exn.tly balanced, and Mr. 114ves 4f)4 about to 1)i (o4 4 an a4eou0nt with the country in an alto- 41 gether different line of business. He c4lls It N CIVIL SERVICE REFOR[I " M In his previous messages Mr. Hayes has re- al furred to this subjI't in vague and glittering st generalitfes but has refrained front desorip- CI HIon of the thing 44s his mind conceivs i. 40so T that we are all in the dark as to what he under stands by the teirn. HI 110W proposes to clear up these doubts by o devoting01 AN ELABORATE SPECIAL MESSAGE to the subject of civil service reform and noth. ing else, u pn the reassembling of Congress in January. This will not, indeed, be an innova s tion in substance, though it may pre. - sent some new aspects as to form. Grant 3 machine politician though he was, and deeply 3 dyed as he was in the hues of extreme party - ism, frequenily went into the civil service re form business to the extent of two columns of message, and even went so far as to order one of his Congresses to make some laws for him, so that he might proceed experimentally. The history of Grant's experiments are before us, and not encouraging. On the other hand the tendency of a careful perusal of the history of GRANT'S CIVIL SERVICE REFORM is to convince the reader that the whole busi ness is a humbug, quile as atrocious as the in sincerity of the motives which led to its agita I tion. At all events the country has had quite enough of that sort of civil service reform, which con sists in re-ounding proclamations of purpose, ending with ridiculous fizzles of pe. formance. The Iiindergartcn system of competitive ex amination, made ridiculous by George William Curtis' celebrated "board" several years ago, has latterly been still further sunk into utter contempt by the roaring I'1l which 8, hurz in troduced into the Interior Department. The trouble with the civil service ii not that its sys tem is in it.'elf faulty, but that the men who are charged with its duties are vicious; not that the machine of government is badly devised, but that the men who run it are corrupt; not that the plan handed down to us by the fathers is obsolete, but that the people who have inherited it have become unworthy of the heritage. A bad man in office cannot be made good by regu lations. A political party which finds its cohesive forces in the basest impu'ses and vilest motives men are capable of would d&baueh any country, in spite of any system. The trouble wbth our civil service lies in the baseness of the instruments with which Radicalism has mis ruled the country; not in the badness of the in stitutions under color of which the mischief has been done. THE RULING INDUSTRY OF RADICALISM has been theft, comprehending all valuables that were within reach, from a dollar bill t, a Pacific railroad subsidy, and from the receipts of a cross roads postoffice to the perquisites and prerogatives of the presidency. They found the treasury wide open. But if it had been locked up by all the bolts and bars of all the civil service reforms imaginable they woul I have broken in, and the net result would bavp been the same. There can be but one real civil service reform and that is by A RETURN TO CONSTITUTIONAL GOVNMENT AD MINISTE$RD BY HONEST MEN. Neehge ae h e ihorrmnn, MtH'rz, Evnrtt. el al~. or by Conkling or by (irant, tihritugh atny of thu other instru mflntittlitiln titt. mittyv bit affi rdorl by the ri souro, s of Tladinlisrn. Thu whole history of th A itarty Is it low. ull iiotiohtony of robhory. It itt th hitn e'.t mai tot y amt-iioration to miome of a polly with r I'ni 'AiiMs Pimpily to AutItitutt Iiirneutak'thtif fort Ii highwtyiiten; the HmA tinn for the t' -ttatk: -John Hhormnan. Hthur. antitheir broii for Rhtinson, i elknni and 'fun thing for Di, tuorttn to nutit blr is not how by tti ett alotnt with t ottt tnteat fJotilo in ptwer by sMi. tainintt tit aginst anotht r in ulyli enriu ralo turt wanrt intto gut, in, or vivo vrtttta but how, nitihkeito and mi ti itt istry. y, to h et them ilt out if hAtowfrt utti , if utw suibtl, out of (xiwRnn. Mt r. lay es' unhi hmorrorn i real nivil servion rreformer by making UP i I ithinot of honot t t un nnipointini other hontftt men to fill the oillou~s of tlan nountttry. Did, when ho halt rono this nffootuatlly Ite would discover that ho haul form-l A tI'MuttiATI't AtMINIATRtATIoN. Any attbni it. t. oivi l strviie reform in other diro't'ions will 104 doninuivo. fli paldified the Houth. Fiow? ity giving it ulp to thn I mo eirtle party, to whuht itts nntttrot rightfully bU In nhit. In notother wayt it u ho biring I r ii ity to the wlmtinistrit ion of tho affairs of troe noun try. 'iTui tuinportant farht shoih) Itit stAtiinti by thitiuu I)umtnirit Ir Hnnatort who ttrt so anx ious ton dnfoat ithe) soh inn of Chonkling -ýýýº A. C, Ii. still 11,º 1b M MEXICAN NEW$. vii it is propols'l to 'MtabilIh an agricultural I to penitentiary on the island or COZurnet the T'Ie yellow fever has finally disappearod from Vera (irz. a The procledls of a bull fight soon oboe given in Cordova will go toward the payment or *the next installinentof the Aunrºicatn debt. to The LIgislaturo of (axaca has appropriateld r y- $3151i to smad three young rienn abroad to ,,w study mechanics and agriculture. A band of robber that has reently alarmed for the whol State of Durango has been de stroyed. The Logislature of Vera CruZ Is disnussing a law which prohibits naturallzdl [Mexlean fln c1itizns from holding oflleo in that State. In- A hull light In Orlzava a few days tfo pro t it duced $575 64 towards the payment of the re' Amerilan debt. h 'I'h1 Governor of Tamaulipas has ordered the emnpioyes of the States stationed along 'at the R1io Grande to report without delay all ro- outrages committed on Mexicans In Texas. tn- According to the lierioe O/)l"ieid 6,792 men will soon 140 on the 11io Oraindo under com In- and of Generals Trevino and analas. - 'i'ho Higo has rl(0Oived letters stating that ay groat discontent exists in the State's of Ta ty malllipa(, Neuvo Loon and odahulia. IlII A band of iifterl mhen enterod the town of 1l. Atztuapozalco, two leaguo(s from this city a at- few days ago, anl muItrdered a young lady tie None of the mnur11ererrs IhLve been apple lteanded. rn A rebllion having broken out in Guatemala cis entr the 1ine of ('hiapas the Governor of so that State has called out tie national guard, , sf in ca(e thiro'volutionists shoulld enter lexiloA. Claims for 1,(0)5,,00! guns and 1,50)0,1(1, 1horses, all)ged to have been furnished olllers vo of the revolutionary army, have been pie- I is- 4'ntod to the government. ug A small hani (f oIndians recently passed I is through the whole Mtate of Chihuahua and I )w entered Durango where they committed I to their usual depred'ations. to In the State of San Luis Potoes, a section of + b country more than a league square has boon I 3- gradually sinking sin(e the 6th of OGtober; it has already stuck 500 metres. Hubterrane- i ou0 sounds are continually heard. I by The city authorItIes appropriated $500 to I cp celebrate the triumphal entranIce of (len. i1ar. Into this city after the battle of Teco(1, but the latter requested them to apply the money "-to some useful purpose instead. If Congress has althorizld the Executive to ho subv0rtlj) lines of steamers from Vera Cruz s to) Now iork, touching at l"rontora, (Jam- c y peche and l'rogrI'o, and to Now Orleans toiuching at Tuxpan, T'amnpico and Brazos do Id Santlago. i1 Messrs. Mariano Barcena and Angel An 4s gulanlI have been Ment to RIo Verdle 4an Luis s, PoIto(i) to ktudy the voll)n1ic action that has at recently ca4usil a large section of country to ro sink some Gel nmltrls below the surrounding a A Tennessee Feud. n During a domestic row in Granger county, a '- Tenn., ibtween the Loos and Legers recently, t 's Gabe Lee was wounded in the leck and side, t 4- and his mother In the headf ; Pier,' Lee, his C j- father, was cut in the leg; 1111 Leger was if killed, and .1ames Leger brolly wounded. t 'The latter was subsequently killed by flenry I1 Jackson, a constable of that vicinity. Several vj4 ineffectual shots were tired In the encounter. u t- Gabe Lee huad seven shots through his hat, to r two balls grazing the top of his h104d, and a 3i slight cut on the hand. oi d1 Mexico's Metals. Betwoen 144-15 and 1476 the product of gold a, and silver in Mexico was $702,0)00,boo. During bi 4 the same period( American enterprise pro- p, 4 duced from the territory acquired from MAexi- B - b( iy the Mexican war $1,389,372,185. In the " Northern States of Mexico there remains a bI mineral wealth of enormous value, which, after all the operations of the Spaniards. has r scarcely ben scratched. Railroads and Amerl - can enterprise will stir this region Into life. ' ) Thousands of mines have been abandoned in ia Sonora and Chihuahua on account of the in- qt security of the country, which formerly yield- " od enormous riches even with insufficient ap pliances for working them. It UMan's Taste. of It Is time to blush for the male sex. A let- no ter to the Boston Adaeriner says: " Paris is queen of fashion and sovereign she will re- pr main! One great cause of this supremacy is, to that men take part in all innovations here. tb r The greatest of all dressmakers is unques- re I tionably Worth, and to him few ladies go re without having coaxed their husbands, broth- th ers or sons to accompany and help them to wl decide. This masceline escort goes far to- or ward forming Wor.th's fashions. Men In gen- ge eral have good taste and when several have pe remarked unfavorably on an attempted inno- wi vation it is sure to be abandoned." bu The Piney Woods. p. [Albany Argus.J hi A correspondent describes the inhabitants ? of the piney woods in Eastern Mississippi: ohs the man lean, lank, long necked, long haired mi and dark; the woman tall, flaxen haired and be innocent of crinoline, panier, stays, false hair bu or other adornments. The young couples be- grn gin life in a log cabin, with one bed, a few ain chickens, an ax a rifle and an acre of ground. His cattle feed upon the upland growth in summer, and upon green cane in winter. His rifle furnishes meat. Visit him ten years ha' afterward, and six or seven tow-headed chil- an dren play about the door. The acre of land aDm have exprndedio ten. His half dozen hogs am hav beomefify, nd n aditonhas been atii built on the cbn Teheight of plney lbs woqds prosperity has been reached. He drifts tab on dontented, happy, honest, hospitable. His Cet religious views are summed up in his sen- bill tence: ' I reckon them as made me knows ts'a how to take care of me." Silver. The Jackson Clarion makes the following ber good point in favor of the remonetization of woo silver: "The constitution says that 'no State cal shall coin money or make anything but gold wnc and silver a. tender in payment of debts,' law thereby making both the money of the coun- viz: try. The wiseacres of the Republican party a have undertaken to improve the constitution pers without amending it inathe form prescribed a dtofthe Democratic to retura ili doctrin an t is i GRAND JURY REPORT. THE RESULT OF THE GRAND INQUiESIT SDURING THEIR LAST bI61E 1ON. A Careful Resumse of Local Afrairs. NRw OnIiANs, Dec. 24, 1877 To the Honorable the .Jurlge of the 8uperior SOriminal (Ourt for the parish of Orleans Hlonorable Yir--Your Grand Jury, whose official term is about to expire, in ubodienot to duty and eat 'buahed custom, realizing the importance of f referring to their stewardship, beg leave respect I fully to submit (in addi ion to certain special re f ports already runtiered) this final report, with i such recommendations as have suggested them e selves in the course of investigation. Actuated 't by justice, tempered with such sagacity as we could command, we have fairly considered and inquired into numerous ca es comprehending r murder, rape, manslaughter, incest, crime e against nature, emb'zz;ement, perjury, false Im prisonrment and peculation in office, with results already published to your Honor. We have also visited the various pubtli institn I tione, and propose for eoueid'ration comments - hereafter to follow. OARtRYINO (ttON(TA ItO WEAPONR. To the unqoell d indugence in this practice may be attributed the nuwerous murders which have taken place in our midst from time to time; and while the penalty of the law against it may be In every way I adequate, the obstacles to I'm enforcement arise from the dilii lcity in obtaining Juries, whose unanimous convictions will prompt a ver f dict of "guilty," and in a measure to a too lib eral constreotion of the discretion left with the tcourt, in section 932, Revised htatutes. To ob viate this, we recommend that committing magistrates be empowered and required to im Spose the full penalty of this law on all snub offlnders, and, should they fail or refuse to ful 1l11 it, then to be made pere nally amenable as in a cae of official misconduct. While upon this subject we are constrained to promulgate our emphatic condemnation of the pernicious privilege ace rded the city police in permitting them to roam about the streets like moving arsenals, who, instead of proving them selves exemplars of law and order, thereby be oome examples of digression by this mighty premedent, In perpetuating a practice remindful of the Infamy and barbarism of that engine of oppression, "the Metropolitan Police bill," con ceived and created for purposes of sustaining all the elements of antagonism to good governmen'; and, in the name of a now "free people," we de mand its discontinuance. SOCIAT, EVIL, Common decency and public safety demand that some action of the authorities having for its object the restriction of this evil to certain well defined locations should be adopted, because it Is palpable to all whose eyes are not volantat-ly closed against the evidences of its in creasing magnitude, that omission will re sult in virtual destruction to the intinlsic value of some of the most attractive real estate within the incorporated limits of the city. Lo. cated in, between and approximately to the resi dences of some of our most respectable citizens throughout its limits, but especially along those streets most convenient to business centres, may be found cyprians ply lug their trade with shamt loss audacity, ani the alarming demoralization from the contact of society with these people would be difficult to estimate because the in fluence of vice, proverbial for ielng contagious is also insiduoues therefore, In the Interest of morality and public weal we call upon the Legis lature to move in such direction that the 1iamitg license with which this horror now is flaunte may be checked and its enormity suppressed, RECKLEs NEIiLgcT OF sTRRZf RAILROAD COM PAPI Es. The monthly sacrifice of some useful life on the altar of "criminal negligence" by some one of the horse cars or steam trains plying through the city merits severest condemnation and animadversion by all humanity. For the right to survive undisturbed by fears of the loss of that which should only b0 taken by an act of God, or in expiation for some horrible crime, carries with it something more than mere scientific application; and patience would become fatigued in endeav. oring to recuont eses which have fallen victims of these trightful installments of blood, of agony and death. Then, whence the cause? It seems to be due to eagerness for increased dividends, which has prevented the establishment of proper I safeguards that will bear a semblance to immu nity from danger. This is specially applicable to the fact of the utili ation in July last, on the t Canal street steam train, of a vehicle totally nn fitted to the uses to which it was applied and t through which a valuable life was added to a legion of others a tcrified on a similar altar. Again, since the duties which are ituposed t noon the drivers of horse cars are so numerous as to render it impossible for them to perform all, single-handed, without detriment to the lives of citizens, or even to the interest of their employ ers, why should we wonder at the occasional item of horror reciting how it happened, and upon whom the blame fell, in some bone-crushing accident? The experiment has been fairly tried, e but occupants of beds of suffering and tombs in c cemeteries cry out against longer tolerance. k Hence we call upon the Legislature, the City 1 Souncil and society to unite in breaking down a c barrier so inimical to safety. GAMBLING. The evil practice of gambling has grown to such proportions in this community, and the ex isting laws against it have proven to be so inade - quate to suppress it, that it is seriously asked, - "why should not the State and the city derive a revenue from the praoice of a custom, violous as it may be, which oannot, by any means known to the law be eradicated ?" People of all stations in life will play at games of hazard and gamble, all laws to the contrary - notwithstanding. 3 Forced to recognize the existence of this Irre. - pressible evil, the secret practice of which has a tendency to increase its da gere to society, we think thai games at hazard in places of public resort should be made a legitimate sourca of revenue to the State and city, by imposing upon those who conduct them a State and city license, which should be of a sufficiently high amount to crush out of existence the small gambling places generally frequented by the poorer clashes of people, and to compass the effects of the practice within the narrowest possible limitd. This would be accomplished by legalizing the business of keeping games of hazard in places of public resort, through a license tax of not less than, say: $5000 a year. if which 83000 should be paid to the city, and $2000 to the State. A law to this effect, imposing such a license, should contain among others the provision that minors must be ostracised and playing must be confined to the secrnd and third ft )ore of the builling used for that purpose, and that the ground floor shall not be used as a place of ariaking or of public resort of any kind. A CRIME NOT PROVIDED FOR IN THE LAW. In the course of our investigations, many cases have been exemined, developing the collec:ien and misappropriation of moneys by clerks, agents and attornoys who have represented principals, and against whom the evidence warranted affirm ative indictments. but the law's requirement, that "concealment" of the collection must be es tablished to constitute a crime, rendered is in cumbest on us to return unwillingly "not true bills" in many cases; therefore, since our criminal statutes do not include a law which covers these cases, we urgently recommend to the law-making power to supply the omission. FIcTITIOuS COMMERCIAL HOlSZs. It has been brought to our notise that a num ber of "frms" are doing business in this city who would properly fall within the category of equivo cal strength suggested by the caption; and for whose special guidance we herewith quote the law on partnerships, and urge its enforsement, viz: Sec. 2668 set 1859, page 167: "Hereafter no person shall tranesec business in the name of a partner not interested in his firm, and when the designation 'and Company,' or 'and Co.,' is used, I it shall represent an actual partneror partnere,." i 9eo, 2669 Vtoories fl'vlmed Statutes 1876, page 679:~ "Any persoin mnlzagains the lam .v~iaoms of the ow essgm $1000, recoverable before any court of competent jurisdiction." Nied we say more? MONDAY LIQUJOlR LAW. T In accordance with the spirit and loglo of an able argument (written), in favor of the estab liehment of a Munday liquor law, presented by the htey. J. W. Harmon and which is made a part of thib report, we beg to say that it has our hearty indorsement and request its submission ir to the consideration of the convening Logisla t1 ure for their indireement and support. d i4rMl'Irtson) VAcciNATION. f The necessity for the enaotment of a law to . cover the requirements of this effective hygienic . principle, evinces liself in a knowledge of the b alarming Increase of that most lo athsOmo of dis ,. ease., variola or email-pox, during the peried of d the last decade, which has born brought to our 'e notice in an exhaustive acientife paoer, prepared d by Prof. Joseph Jones, M. D., which we havesub. g miltted to the Assistant Attorney General of the e itate, by whose courtesy a bill will be prepared and presented to the General As sembly, the s adoption of which we also recommend. Pubile Institutions. .5I'Aflrehr iliteoI. This institution, under the immediate en pervtrion of Capt. 0. C. Cain, we found in commendable condition, barring the effects h of time, and remarkable for cleanliness. 'here were confined here at the date of our visit 291 oriinale, comprilsng 204 males and 87 w females, of whom 144 are white and 147 colored. Their general health was good, only one being dihcovered in the infirmary, which wai surpris ing, smnoe the cello are not provided with bunks and have been constructed with an utter disre gard to proper ventilatlon, hencoe not likely to be 0 conducive to health. The prisoners were almost unanimous in laudations of Capt. Uain's human ity, and claimed to be properly fed. Seven of the inmates were occnpants of the condemned cells, h and were provided with such comforts as their deplorable predicament justify. n A complaint was made by some of the prison era, who had been committed for a length of o time, that they were not provided with shoes or e clothing, and were suffering from their want; as e It is incumbent on the authorities to provide fur P such, we recommend that their needs be sae viated at once. A total of 4089 prisoners have been guests of Y this institution since July 1, alt., but that nets LI ber would have been materially less if all such were if compelled to earn their support by cleaning the streets and drains, or performing such other labor as might be necessary for the health or comfort of honest citizens, resulting in a large saving of exi ense to the city treasury, and creating a hor ror on the part of the regular habitues, who are mostly drunkards and idlers, but who now seem content to board and lodge at community ox ponse; therefore, considering that the interest of tax payers would be subserved and morality in creased by the Introduction of labor among orim male, we heartily recommend legislation which will revive the cstablishment of the "chain gang" - system wish compatible res'riouions. 3 hOYvJ' eIO(IusaF RWaUox, in charge of Superintendent Thos. Devereaux, two sassistants, one matron and one teacher, with salaries aggregating $510 per month, contains 119 boys, 95 white and 76 colored, who are mingled to gether, regardless of race or characteristio, which is reprehensible, especially during their ocea pancy of the "solitary " dormitory in use, where 88 beds are placed so contiguously as to render ingress or egress impossible, except over their ends. Nine were sick of malarial fever, but received medical attention from Dr. J. 0. Beard, city phy sician. The buildings are commodious and the ap pointments suited to their purposes, but the con stant existence of stagnant water in the imme diate vicinity is detrimental to health and renders the location objectionable. The flooring of the outbuilding bas gone to decay, and the main yard requires f ling. so as to render it passable In rainy weather. This should to remedisd. A basery, and broom and biush factories are in operation, each under the sip 'rvlsion of a practical foreman, who Is entitled to his board and the emoluments of his bueuiasc for compea. sation. Home of the boys are ludentured to these trades. Bread for all the institutions under the man agement of the Adminisiratire is supplied from this one. Shoes and bedd ng are much needed. The fare Is generally good, but tba for supper might include something more eubstantial and pallatable than bread and water. The discipline is rigid, and the time is divided into hours for wom king, schoboini, and recreation. with chapel services on tunday. The system of awarding badges of merit is worthy of commendation, and appears benedciai in its effect. We specially recommend that separate dormi tories be provided for the races, with proper pro teotion against escape on the snore of beneficial demands, and that the boys who have been com mitted here for criminal offenses be separated from those less vicious, because of the evil info encee of grime. nousa OF TM? GOOD 5HEPHBRD, a partial reformatory for fallen women, where order, regularity, and discipline prevails, is in charge of twenty-three sisers, who deserve the highest encomiums for their devotion to duty. There were confined here 280,.$8 of whom were colored, all free from sickness, and every one en gaged in needle or laundry work. The institution has been, in a measure, self supporting, hut existing depression in commer cial and financial circles constrains the wish that the city would punctually pay the per capita ea dowment of $14 per annum, so as to enable the managers to liquidate an indebtedness of $3006 for provisions. The water accommodations are insufficient in dry weather, but this could be ob viated by the introduction of river water, in the extension of the water pipes now terminating within two squares cf the premises, which we re commend. CHARITY HOSPITAL, erected in 1882, stands to-day as a monument to the memories of its enlightened and beneficent founders, Almonaster, Poydras, Henderson and other citizens of Louisiana and Pennsylvania, who, recognizing the humanity of providing for the indigent sick, regardless of creed, by ap parent intuitive eharity, endowed the institution with such munificence, that Its permanent sun coea and usefulnese was fixed beyond peradven ture. Upon State appropriations, special taxes levied upon certain enterprises, and dues from the worthy mariner, who is ther.-by entitled to benefits, it in mainly due for support, and while it may seem 5spe: fluous for this Grand Jury to bear testimony to its good management, we will not forego the opportunity to make mention of the fact, that never within ito history has its glorious object been more judi, cionaly promoted than under the present aimin istration. At the date of our visitation 654 pa tients of all creeds, colors and conditions were recipients of its benefi e, but the asme devotion to duty was noticeable in every department. Twenty-five Sisters and thirty-seven hired em ployes fulfill the functions of attendants. Dr. Pratt and one assistant surgeon, with thirteen students, assisted by a corps of the most emineat visiting pluciclans, minister professionally to the needs of the afflicted. This institution, uni. versally popular, may well be denominated the "rdofLouisiana." HOTEL DILEU is a private self-sustaining institution, under the management of nine Sisters, with Dr. Boyer rei. dent surgeon. In all its appointments it is ad mirably perfect, and the rooms are all well fur nished, some of them handsomely. The marine wards are well ventilated and very comfortable, but it is said that the government avoids the fulfilment of a contract by imposmng upon the Obarity Hospital patients who properly beloeg here. The colored apartment is in keep ing with the rest of the institution; and, alto gether, it is one worthy of patronage. HOME OP THE AGED AnD IHYIms, (Laharpe and Johnson bItreetsa) Inh 50lmates, under the care sanmnad seot of the "Idatle Sisters of the Poor," is per hope oe of the meet interesting of our pubbe Here ibshalt th, the blind and the d wsiaituladogl boM in through a perthmm of lIto'. )ourne ho we tsendery eared for sod