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THE NE ORLEANS DAILY DEMOCRAT.
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE STATE OF LOUISIANA AND OF THE OITY OF NEW ORLEANS. VOL. III-NO. 180. NEW ORLEANS, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 19, 1878. PRICE, FIVE CENTS. GENERAL RAILWAY TICKET OFFICE, No. 38 St. Charles Street, OPPOSITE ST. CHARLES HOTEL. REDUCED BATES ON ALL REGULAR FIRST CLASS TICKETS TO ALL POINTS NORTH, EAST AND WEST. Parties leaving the city will save money by purchaelng their railroad tickets from us. Through Sleeping Car Berths secured. New Orleans Transfer wagons sent for baggage and eBheked through. All neceeeary information relative to routes, distances and connections heerfuily given. Olle open from 7 a. M. to 9 D. m. my2a OVER THE OCEAN. XCITE.RENT AT CONSATANTINOPL- ALMOST A CONFLICT. The Demand for the Removal of Russia" Observatores-ri trlnwent Orders from the Porte to Avoid any Pretext for Me silities. LONDoN, June 18.-A dispatch from Con stantinople says that much excitement pre vails there owing to the suspicious move ments of the Russians. A conflict between the Russians and the Turks was almost pre ioDitated Tuesday. To-day, owing to Fuad Pasha demanding the removal of the observatories within Rus sian lines, Gen. Todleben at once telegraphed to Prince Labanoff. the Russian ambassador, who induced the Porte to issue stringent or ders to avoid any pretext for hostilities dur ing the meeting of the congress. CONGRESE OF THE POWERS. Meeting To-Day. LONDON, June 18.--The next session of the peace congress will be held to-morrow (Wed nesday). Beaeonsfield and Gertsehskoff. BcatrN, June 1.--Prince Gortschakoff and Earl Beaconsfield had a long conference to day. QERIANY. The Emperor's Progress-Re Suffers Most From Help'essness. BaRLIN, June 18.-The Emperor's physl ciana have issued a long bulletin, stating that the progression of the Emperor has been almost beyond expectation, but that he suf fered most from helplessness, being unable to use either of his arms His complete recov ery will take a long time, as many obstacles may be encountered. iortaehakoff's Life Saved by Bismarck. BmBLIN, June 18.-During an interview on Sunday between Prince Bisrnmarck and Prince (ortechakoff, the large Danish dog of Prince Bismarck made a ferocious attack upon Prince Gortschakoff, and it was only through the herculean strength of Prince Bismarck that the dog was taken off and the life of Gortachakoff saved. An Amerlean Buys the Frelligrath Library. BERLIN, June 18.-An American gentlemen has bought the celebrated Freiligrath library and it will be at once forwarded to the United Btates. ENELANTD. The Cotton Operatives' Strike-Precau tlems Against Its Renewal. LONDON, June 18.-Detailed accounts con firm the collapse of the cotton operatives' strike, but it Is evident that a strong minority of the operatives still favor resistance. The masters executive committee has resolved, as a precantionary measure, to recommend a reservation of power to renew the lockout on the shortest notice. Beacon.fleld Threatened. LONDON, June 18.-Previous to his depart ure from London Lord Beaconsfield received a threatening letter, which he has placed in the hands of the Berlin police. ITALY. Elretton at Rome. ROME, June 17.-In the city elections the Catholics elected two out of twelve municipal councilors. MARINB NEWS. PonT EADS, June 18, 6 p. m.-Wind south west, fresh. W eather partly cloudy. Arrived: British steamship Jamaican, at 8:45 p. m., Warder master, from Liverpool via Mexican and West Indies ports, with gen eral cargo to Pim, Forwood & Co. American schooner S. S. Day, Nyberg mas ter, 5 days from Ruatan, with fruit to J. P. Macheca. Balled: Schooners A. Dentrke, J. P. Macheca and John H. Kranz, brig Cinque Sorrelle. SoUTHWeST Pass, June 18.-Barometer 29.55. Wind west-southwest, strong. Weather clear and pleasant. No arrivals or departures. Youthful Crimnlals-Attempt to Wreck a Train. NEW YORK, June 18.--Three boys, aged from ten to twelve, were arrested last night, charged with placing a large paving stone on the track of the Elevated Railway, so as to precipitate the train from the track. The es cape was miraculous, as each car of the train jumped the obstruction. The train was full of pas gers and much consternation pr.. Yacht Racing. NEw YORK, June 18.-The annual regatta of the Atlantic Yacht Club took place yester day. The yachts were divided into four classes, the course for the first two classes being forty miles, for class D thirty-two, and for class E twenty-four miles. The winners were; Triton, Intrepid, Imperia and Dolphin. The latter won the prize in her class on time allowance. confirmatlions. WARarINoN, June 18.--The Senate, in ex ecutive session to-day. confirmed Sumner J. Kimball, of Maine, General Superintendent of the Life-Saving Service, and E. Jefferds, United States District Attorney for the Southern District of Mississippi. Wholeale Polaonling. NAsvnVLx, June 18.-The family of D. H. Bailey, a prominent merchant here, were "poisoned by eating food in which it is believed some person had put arsenic tbfore cooked. The quantity was so large that it acted as an emetic. Anderson Withdraws. PHRILADELPHIA, June 18.-J. E. Anderson, prominent as a witness before the Potter in vestigation, has severed his connection with the North American. "A Warm C Imate." IN. Y. World.) Congressman Darrall being interrogated as to the morals of the witness Anderson, made answer hesitatngaly after this fashion: Q--Are you suflcieintlv acquainted with the emg reputation of Anderson to say what A.--Well, according to my own knowledge, I do not like to say. He, when at home, was --dis.spated. and although his reputation m tbe onnsidered bad in the North it was *deried good to fair in the city of New Or ar to thie estimable ex-legisfalator, then, the climate of Louisiana is very trying to the virtue, and ruins men's morals as the Indian climate does their livers. This loca tion of the zone of intemperance and the lati tude for lies is very curious. We should like to see the isothermal line of fraud laid down, by which it could be judged how far north the stealing of an electoral vote would be called a crime, and the forgery of an elector's name regarded as something more than "an ob viously improper proceeding." Perhaps if the honest people of Louisiana could have a chance in the matter they might tell us that people like Anderson bring their own climate with them. WEATHER BULLETIN. WAR DEPARTMENT, Signal Service. United States Army. Daily meteorological record for the eight hours ending at 8:48 p. m.. Tuesday. June 18. [Observations taken at the same moment of time at all stations.] V'"loc'y Rain ' Miles last 8 Stations. Bar. q per hours. H hour. Inches Cairo........... 9.94- 741. -- 0 0 Cincinnati ..... 29.87- 77 NE 8 o Davenport... 2997- 70 . 4 o Dubuque ...... 2996- 79 NE 34 Galveston..... 294-. 9 SW 9 0 Indianola... 2993-F. 92.E 9 0 Keokuk........ 2992- 76 NE 2 o Lacrosse .... 29.94- 7855 8 o Leavenworth.. 29.90- 79 .... Louisville .... 29.89-F. 73 NE Memhis ...... 2988-F. 78 12 .01 Nashville...... 29 87-F. 78 N 8 o New Orleans... 29.9o-F. 94W 9 Omaha......... 29 84- 81 8 0 Pittsburg ...... 29 86- 75 N 6 0 Shreveport .... 29.88-F 9o NW 6 St. Louis....... 29.3- 79 NE 0 St. Paul........ 2982- 78W 12 0 Vicksbur.r ..... 29 5-F. 8 8 .40 Yankton....... 298-- 821~W 12 o Augusta ...... 29 80-F. 87 W 7 .01 Oorsloana...... 29.88-F. 93 V 5 o Key West....... 29.96-F s89NW 11 o Mobile ......... 29 ss-F. 91 N 8 o Montgomery .. 29 89-F. 84 NW o Savannah...... 29 85-F. 8W 4 .4 F-Falling; BR-Rising; S-Stationary. Stage of the Rivers. Daily telegraphic report of the stage of water at various points, with changes in the 24 hours ending yesterday at 3 p. m.: Above low Chane. Stations. water. hne. Feet. Inch. Feet. Inch. Cairo..... ..... .. 27 7 to 8 Cincinnati ........... . 16 o . to 2 Davenport'................4 6 to 3 Dubuque ................. 6 1 o 0 Keokuk................... 7 3 $1 2 Lacrosse.............. 3 2 0 0 Leavenworth........... 15 8 to 2 Augusta .................. 8 to 1 Louisvllle .............. 8 11 t2 4 Memphis ................. 21 7 to 3 Nashville .................4 4 to 2 *'ew Orleans ........... 4 1 to 1 Omaha.......... .......... 14 to to 4 Pittsburg ........... . 6 1 t2 o Shreveport ............... 24 11 10to 5 Nt. Louis ................. 25 1 i0 5 St. Paul ................. 4 3 to 1 Vick burg ........ ...... 85 7 20 5 Yankton ................. o to 4 *Below high water mark of 1874. tIndicates rise. $ Indicates fall. Signal Service Local Report. NEw ORLEANs. June 18. Time. Bar. o Weather. 7 a. m.... 29.949.1 87 - mi .- Clear. 2 . m....12911 90 6o W 8 Fair. 9 p.m .... 29.8903 79 SW 10 Fair. Means .....29.907 842175.3 .. ..... Maximum temperature 91 degrees; minimum temperature 77 degrees. Coemopolitanism. The nationality of the several members of the congress now sitting at Berlin is a curious study and another proof of that latent cos mopolitanism which has characterzed Europe since its fusion under the Roman empire. The reader of Scott will find brilliant refer ences to it in "Quentin Durward," "Anne of Gelerstein" and "Count Robert of Paris." There is scarcely a single power represented by men of the pure native blood of the race ruling the soil. Thus, in the case of Turkey Caratheodorl Pasha is a Greek Christian, and Mehemet All a Prussian by birth and a con vert to El Islam. Lord Beaconsfield, the chief delegate from England, Is the grandson of an Italian Israelite, who settled in England and whose ancestors had been driven out of Spain in the time of Ferdinand and Isabella. One of the Russian representatives is the descend ant of an Alsatian family which emigrated to Muscovy in the reign of the Empress Anne. M. Waddington, the French Minister for For eign Affairs, who site for France, is virtually an Englishman born in France. His father was a wealthy English manufacturer who transferred his business to the other side of the channel, where his son was born. He was, however, educated at Rugby and Ox ford, and both his political and religious. training and disposition are far more Eng lish than French. Count Andrassy, repre senting Austria, is a Hungarian, and the Count De Launay, the second delegate from Italy, is a scion of a very old and illustrious Freich family. The Dawn of Prosperlty. NEW YORK, June 14.-The Daily Bulletin has an editorial to-morrow on business pros pects which, appearing in this conservative and thoughtful journal, is of suggestive inter est at this time. The Bulletin thinks the worst effects of the commercial reaction have been realized. It believes we have at last reached solid rock, and the next thing in order is re covery. We have rea.eh-d a condition In which the foreign markets act as a break water against further depreciation and afford an important contribution towards the recov ery of business. This period of maximum de pression is really one of great opportunities. Our material interests are suffering to-day as much from a want of perception that now is the time to invest as they suffered from the over-confidence and inflation that produced the panic. The real estate market is full of bargains. The suspension of building for the last five years has produced a comparative scarcity of houses. Factory properties are purchasable at prices which would enable buyers to compete with the most successful manufacturers. There are 30,000 miles of railroad property built in anticipation of the needs of the country, but since the construc tion of which six or seven millions have been added to our population. Most of this can be procured at 30 to 40 per cent of its original cost. Rarely has any country presented such an opportunity for profitable investment as is afforded by judicious selections from this great mass of bankrupt properties. The mer cantile opportunities are also exceptional. Those who are first to comprehend the pres ent opportunities and to put their long idle means into employment will hold the best chances for the suture. EADS' RELIEF BILL. ITS PASSAGE YESTERDAY SECURES THE HASTENING OF WORK AT THE JETTIES. Hopes Now Entertained that the Levee Dill May Get Through-Potter's Claim Rill Passed by the House. [Special to the Democrat.] WASHINGTON, June 18.-The passage of the Eads relief bill to-day has inspired our Rep resentatives with some hope of being able to suspend the rules to-morrow on the levee bill. Eads is in high feather to-night, and says he will immediately make his success felt in New Orleans by enlarging the scope of his operations and hastening the completion of his work. The effect of his relief will be to increase the amount of circulating medium in and about New Orleans during this summer and fall, by about $1,500,000, not to speak of the benefits to commerce, resulting from the more rapid deepening of the channel' It is really a matter of first-class importance to your community. The passage of Potter's claim bill by the House is also of advantage to the South gen erally, in that it takes the matter of Southern claims out of politics, and puts it where it belongs, into the jurisdiction of the courts In consequence of the political situation in Congress, it had become impossible to secure the passage of any Southern claim, no matter how just or equitable, but if the Potter bill is signed by the President and becomes a law, it will give that class of claims an equal chance with other claims against the govern ment, on their merits. BUELL. CONGRESSIONAL. The Menate. WASHINGTON, June 18.-Mr. Wallace's reso lution, to permit Senator Matthews to appear before the Potter committee, was referred to the Committee on Elections. The House bill to pay contestants for seats in the House $1000 each for expenses was passed. The House bill to aid vessels wrecked or disabled in waters conterminous to the United States and Canada was passed. The bill to donate a portion of the military reservation at Port Hooker, Kan., for the es tablishmentof educational or charitable Insti tutions, ,nd to open the remainder of the reservation for settlement, was amended and passed. The ouase. The Senate bill extending the time for the completion of the Northern Pacific Railroad was defeated by a vote of 87 to 127. The minority report submitted by Gen. Butler, in opposition to the resolution of the majority of the House Judiciary Committee, in regard to the Inviolability of the Presi dent's title, was replete with his characteristic arguments; and reciting the legal technicali ties of the case he says: "No other United States officer is exempt fr6m the rightof courts to inquire into the exercise of the functions of his office, and he fails to find why the Presi dent should be entitled to immunity. He does not think the Electoral Commis sion was a legally constituted body, or had any legal authority to interfere in the counting of the electoral votes. He thought that they were instituted, and their decision augmented rather by fear and hope than by any close legal adherence;" and in conclusion, he says: "I cannot admit that there is no remedy for so great a wrong known to a re publican form of government, guarded by its checks and balances and legal and judicial remedies for all wrongs." CHEAP MURDER. A Man Hired to Kill Another For $25 Confession of the Assaseln. [Donaldsonville Chief.] On the thirty-first of May a colored man named Victor Joseph, employed on the plan tation of Mr. Emile Bourgeois, in St. James parish, near Whitehall, was shot and killed in his cabin, at night, by some party un known, who had approached the spot and committed the deed under cover of darkness, making good his escape. Suspicion attached to one Duke, a bright mulatto, who, being arrested, denied having perpetrated the crime, but said that he knew the guilty party to be one Charles Williams, dark grlfRe. The latter was at once taken into custody, and at the preliminary exam ination made a full confession of his partici pation in the affair, which is sensational enough to delight the most morbid taste for strange and horrible details of crime. Although warned in the usual manner that he was not compelled to make any confes sion, and that anything he would say crimi nating himself might be used against him on the trial of the case, Williams declared that he could not keep the terrible secret in his breast; that he desired to tell it all and then wanted but a short time to make his peace with God, after which he would willingly meet his fate upon the gallows. He said that he was the murderer of Joseph; that he bore the man no ill-will, but killed him because Duke offered him $25 to do it. He intended to commit the deed Thursday night the thirtieth ultimo, and actually approached the cabin and leveled his gun at Joseph, who was sitting upon the gallery, but his heart failed him and he could not pull the trigger. Next night he returned and found the nerve to fire the fatal shot. He gave a vivid de scription of the circumstances from beginning to end, and there is no doubt that he detailed them just as they occurred. All the other testimony in relation to the affair tallies pre cisely with his statement. Duke's motive for procuring the assassina tion of Joseph can be explained in a few words. As so frequently occurs, there was "a woman in the case." The woman in ques tion had lived with Joseph a number of years and had eight children by him. Some time ago she left Joseph and took up with Duke, but after living with th," latter a short while she returned to Joseph's roof-tree, and the pair were to have been married the day fol lowing the murder. Duke knew this, and actuated by the spirit so aptly termed "the demon of jealousy," he bribed Williams to perpetrate the bloody deed, which his own heart was wicked enough to conceive but too cowardly to execute. The Income Tax. [Cincinnati Commereidl.l WASHINGTON, June 15.-The House was en gaged during nearly the entire evening con sidering the internal revenue bill. The proceedings were characterized by fewer of the usual disorderly, disgraceful scenes of the last days, or rather nights of the session yet this evening's proceedings were bad enough. The attempt to tack on the income tax was, after a wrangle, defeated by a large vote. Many of the members who were in favor of the revival of the income tax voted against it to-night because they apprehended the defeat of the remainder of the bill if this income tax feature was rrtbiined as apart of it. The River and Harbor Bill. [Cincinnati Commrciai I WASHaNGTON, June 15.-The river and har bor bill, as agreed to in the conference cornm mittee, has been adopted by both houses, but dotubt are e.tertained as to the Preidean's action respecting it. Some people believe that he will kill it by withholding his ap proval. Others claim to know that he will sign it ~pder protest, and then suspend its operations, except so far as it provides for continuing work upon improvements of un questioned national character and impor tance. LOUISIANA. Avoyelles will hold its parish convention at Markeville July 2. Sabine parish will hold a mass meeting the fourth Monday in July to nominate candi dates for parish officers. Dr. W. A. Robertson, of St. Landry, an nounces himself as a candidate for re-election to the State Senate. A meeting of the Greenback Laboring-man's party was held at Hope Villa, East Baton Rouge, June 8, and resolutions adopted in dorsing the Toledo platform and repudiating the Democratic and Republican parties. The storm that caused the casualties in St. Landry referred to in last week's issue of the' Opelousas Cmurier, struck the northern por tion of this parish and did some damage there also, but we have not been able to ob tain detaills.-[Lafayette Advertiser. Mr. Soape, of the firm of Fuller, Yates &d Co., last evening informed us that he has seen planters from Harrison, Panola Sabine, Shelby, Nacogdoches and San Augustine counties, Texas. Those from the two first named, report very great damage to crops by rains, while those from the other counties say the crops are good, though more rain has fallen the past few days than was at all de sirable.-[Shreveport Times. The continued rains this, aeek have caused the grass to grow luxuriantly, and prevented any labor from being done in the fields. We are writing on Friday, and have but a gloomy outlook to depict. Much of the corn is blown down by the violence of the wind storms that have been of daily occurrence at different points in our parish. The cotton plant is growing strong and large, but full of sap, be cause of so much moisture. A full week's rain has changed the condition of the crops for the worse very much, and unless we have dry weather soon the prospect will be really disheartening.-[Carroll Conservative. It is rarely that such a sudden and almost universal change for the worse has occurred in crop prospects as within the past two or three weeks. To that time the planters were jubilant over their crops--cotton, corn and small grain. The frequent and heavy rains, of course, first began to tell on the river crops but their continued visitations have placed hill planters in almost as sad a plight as those on the river. From high hopes they have de scended into the slough of despond. All classes were hopeful that a fine crop, made at less cost than one was ever made before, and for which a fair price was confidently looked forward to, would place the country on the high road to prosperity once more. The river planters in this locality and below have suf fered from the rains alone but those from the head of the raft to Chicanini prairie are being seriously injured by seepage from the high stage of water. On many plantations below the raft the cotton is almost smothered by the grass, while the corn has a yellow and sickly hue, which destroys hopes of full corn cribs. FIEH CULTURE. How Prof. Baird Is Going to stock Our Coasts With Fish. IN. Y. Herald.J WAsHriOTON, June 11.-The new method of fish hatching, devised for the most part by Mr. Ferguson, the Fish Commissioner of Maryland, and put in practice for the first time this year under the auspices of Prof. Baird, the present secretary of the Smith sonian Institute has proved so successful Ithat Prof. Baird believes that it can be used to hatch the spawn of codfish, mackerel and other sea fishes, and thus to very greatly and rapidly increase their numbers and estab lish them at points near our coast, where now they are not found. Mr. Ferguson's method requires no running water, and can be and has been operated this year on tide water on Chesapeake Bay, and on the waters of Albe marle Sound; over twenty-five millions of shad have been artificially hatched this year and distributed all over the country to stock streams. A large shipment went from this city to Sacramento to-night to stock the Sac ramento river, and a part of the young fish will be dropped at the Green river, which is one of the tributaries of the Colorado. The hatching is done in scows and by the help of a steam engine, which is used to agitate the water in the vessels which contain the eggs. This gentle but constant agitation is found to answer precisely as well as the more elabo rate apparatus used hitherto. Prof. Baird says he has had sufficient experience of this new method to warrant the be lief that with a steamer of moderate size to replace the scows, which are not sea worthy, he could hatch out with certainty an almost unlimited number of cod, mackerel and sea herring; fish which spawn at certain seasons in the open sea, near the coast, and which, when caught in the spawning season, would yield, for such purposes, so great a quantity of eggs, from but few individuals, that their number could with ease be prodi giously increased, with the help of a steamer properly fitted. The young fish could be dropped by millions at convenient points,near our own coasts, and it becomes thus possible to create artificially, and at but a trifling ex pense, new cod banks at points far more ac cessible for our fishermen than the Newfound land banks. Truant shad. The San Francisco Bulletin says: "At a meeting of the Academy of Sciences, held last night, inquiry was made about the habits of shad on this coast as compared with the habits of tnose on the Atlantic coast. Fish Commissioner Throckmorton replied that the salmon invariably returns to the place of its propagation, and that on the Atlantic coast the shad does likewise. On this coast, how ever, the shad seems to have taken a new de parture. Since 1878 350,000 shad have been propagated here, chiefly near Tehama, and since 1870 shad have been casght along the coast from Wilmington tothe Columbia river. This strange freak of the shad in abandoning his natal place is laid to the herring from among the schools of which the shad is fre quently taken. The herring seems to have such an influence over him his companion ship appears so attractive-that the patrician shad willingly renounces his birthplace and travels about the ocean with schools of ple beian herring." Religion vs. Cleanliness. [Washington Post.] There is a distressing report from Atlanta that the colored people are so much absorbed or swooped up in a religious revival that no one can get any washing done. If this state of things should continue long, the heathen Chinee, who is especially addicted to laundry work, and constitutionally proof against spasmodic revivals, will come in and devour toe subsisten.e heretofore enjoyed by the sable population. Thus will an excess of zeal for Christianity inure to the benefit of the heathen. If cleanliness is next to godliness, how can the latter militate against the for mer? The heat in the lower levels of the Nevada silver rtnles is intense. At a depth of 1900 leet, where the temperature was 13.5 degrees, three men died recently from exhaustion. The national executive committee of the Socialist Labor party have issued an address through their secretary in Cincinnati, calling upon all menmbers of that party to withdraw from all military organizations, and pro hibiting any parties banded with arms from particpalg ilistlcse proesions. THE COUNTRY PRESS. VARIOUS VIEWS ON DIFERENT TOPICS. Organlze. (West Feliclana Sentinel.) In our last issue we published an adaress from the Hon. 8. J. Powell (of the State Cen tral Committee) calling for the organization of clubs. Let them be organized at once. Our two towns should make a commencement; we have the nucleus among us for two or three clubs. We have heard of a contemplated or ganization among the workingmen, and would be pleased to have them enter our ranks in a strong and solid body. We espe cially desire all Democrates and Conservatives to be represented by worthy and honorable citizens, and those who refuse to take an ac tive part in the selection of candidates will have no good reason to complain of selections made by others. Those who decline co-opera tion with their neighboring ward assemblies in order to secure worthy candidates will find little consolation in wasting their votes on independent candidates of their own selec tion in November next. Weeded RetoRms. IMaurepas Gazette.] The reform most needed in the State of Lou isiana is a total and radical change In the ad ministration of parish affairs. We mention a few that occur to us: First-Have the parish treasurer elected by the people, and let him collect the State and parish taxes, thereby abolishing the office of tax collector. Second-A parish auditor is positively ne cessary in order to secure a prompt auditing of all debts contracted by the parish and for a great many other reasons which will doubt less occur to our readers. Third--Let the members of the police juries be elected by the citizens of wards in which they reside. Fourth-Let the voters of the different wards elect their members of the school boards, instead of having them appointed, as at present. Let these and other necessary reforms take the place of our present "happy go lucky" accountable to nobody style, and with good men in office, held strictly accountable to the people, our parish taxes would be diminished by at least one half. The Lottery Libel Suit. (Donaldsonville Chief.] An outcome of the New Orleans DEMo orAT's fierce and persistent assaults upon the Louisiana State Lottery is a libel suit for 025,000, instituted by Howard & Co. against Mr. Albert C. Janin, the moneyed man of the firm owning that paper. The DEMOCRAT is not to be biuffed by such tactics, however, and continues to expose and denounce the lottery with undiminished vigor, making that hitherto invincible and defiant monopoly squirm like an angle worm undergoing the process of impalement upon the fisherman's barbed hook. The Lottery Company has suc cessfully manipulated party conventions and State Legislatures, and its influences have pervaded nearly every branch of the State and city governments, but from a contest with the free and independent press the auto cratic concern is bound to come out "second best," If it has the luck to come out at all. aN4ID3 HISTORIY. Conkling's Proposition to Hayes, Which the Latter Rejected. [From an Interview with Gen. Chas. Grosvenor, in the Cincinnati Commercial.l or after the middle-I am sure it was after the middle of the month-I said again to Gov. Hayes: "Governor, what do you think of the Washington rumors brought back here by Gen. Sherwood, to the effect that Mr. Conkling will antagonize the Republican po sition, and endeaver to turn over the voteof Louisiana to the Democrats, or influence in favor of Tilden the decision of the Electoral Commission ?" Gov. Hayes replied: "I have a proposition from New York, coming from a gentleman in Albany, to the effect that the antagonism of Conkling could be counteracted and his coun tenance and assistance secured, provided that I would, in making up a cabinet, ignore the claims of Mr. Morton and deny his requestse. I This proposition was coupled with an intlma-' tion that if I failed to ignore and snub Mr. Morton, I could count upon the opposition of Mr. Conkling and his influence in deciding the vote of the Electoral Commission against me. I was given plainly to understand that if I did not comply with this demand of Mr. Conkling I must expect the hostility of that gentleman." I asked Gov. Hayes If he complied with the demand, and he answered: "I would rather never be President than to commit myself to a position hostile to Mr. Morton. I do not think it proper for me to commit myself now in any direction, and the last act of my life would be to place myself in a position inimical to Morton. Never has the Republican outlook been so dark or gloomy in Ohio that Mr. Morton has not come to our aid and assistance, and with words of cheer and comfort. He has always in the darkest days been our relief and our consoler, and the man in our party who would for purely pri vate reasons, antagonize Mr. Morton and en deavor to injure his influence, would be an ingrate and unworthy of the confidence of the Republican party of the West." Political Money Contracts. [Philadelphia Times.l The Supreme Court of this State has set its seal of condemnation upon a species of politi cal money contracts which have become quite common in these days of trading in public office. In 1876 there were discord be tween the Democratic leaders of Wayne county about the legislative ticket. A. R. Howe and William A. Smith had been nom inated for the Legislature by the regular party convention, after the usual electioneer ing and manipulation before the primaries; and William M. Nelson was nominated by the"Taxpayers'" party, then a very formi dable concern. Nelson had to be accepted by the party or the "J'axpayers"' machine would smash the Democratic machine, and Mr. Smith finally sold out his place on the ticket for $500 to a party committee three of whom-Messrs. Ham Curtis and Brown-gave their joint judgment note to Smith for the amount. Like most political debts, the makers of the note preferred not to pay after election, and Smith entered his judgment for execution. The court below opened the judgment on applica tion of the defendants, to hear their defense that the consideration was unlawful because against public policy and the purity of elec tions, but decided that the defense was insuf ficient and affirmed the judgment. The case was appealed to the Supreme Court, and Jus tice Gordon has delivered the opinion revers ing the court below, declaring the considera tion of the judgment note to be unlawful and the whole transaction "corrupt, immoral and within the prohibition of the act of eight eenth April, 1874." The learned judge con cludes by saying that such contracts "involve the public welfare, and we certainly know that the best way to suppress any public vice is to make it unprofitable." The caution of the decision to the political traders who buy and sell the offlcs which are presumed to be long to the people, is that cash on delivery is the only safe rule to observe. Nobellng. When Nobeling, the Socialist assassin, was at the University of Lelpsic,he was known as an inoffensive, quiet and diligent student often working late into the night. He relieved his studies by practicing pistol shooting, and once, for a whole fortnight, read the Bible. The title of his graduating the ls was thi; "Contributions to the History of Agriculture in the Saal District, Province of Saxony." He is a thoroughly educated man. He attended the Royal School at Zuellichal, and passeS through its five highest classes--the upper third, the lower and upper second, the lower and upper first-in four and a half years froe 1863 to 1867. The school period over, he de voted himself for three years to practical agriculture, after which he studied at Halls for three sessions. The two following years he was again at practical work, diversifled, however, by several months' travel, which he undertook in order to become acquainted with a large number of farms and industrial estab lishmente of various kinds. From 1874 to 1875 he continued his studies at Halle, sad then spent three sessions at Leipsic. rteHc--- FRAUD AND FALSIFICATION. Secret Issues and Forced Balances in ta United States Treasury Departmrn5. [Chicago Times] WASHINGTON, June 13.-In the course of the investigations by the Committee on Expend4 tures in the Treasury Department, it has beer found that the Treasurer's journal for June 30, 1865, completes his account for the quarter and flscal year by detaillng seven orders fur the transfer of notes from the Washingtes office to the offices at New York, Philadelphii a Cincinnati and Louisville, the total of tbs seven orders being $19,000,000. These $19,O0 - 000 are balanced by an entry at the close dt the account for the quarter and fiscal year ed $19,000,000 deposited as a temporary loan at. 6 per cent. No depositor's name lsgivenelther - on this account or on the list of the temporary ' loan depository. The deposit is put domwn i a lump as by "Disbursing officers--nointerea.- : to be paid." A close inspection of the records, which has quietly gone on for some time, re veals the fact that no such deposit was made. The entry of $19,000,000 is false and the bal ance which It helps to make is forced. It turns out that the $19,000,000 were taken from the "reserve" of reissued compound lntereU notes at various times before June 80, and transmitted to the assistant treasurers and depositories, who paid them out. This saeue of $19 000,000 was concealed not being eves placed on the books which were withheld from public inspection. Transfer orders. which simply directed the moving of the notes from one point to another in the tre-s ury offices, and did not represent money, were put into "the reserve" in place of the ' secretly issued $19,000,000.of notes, and werer carried on the books as cash till June 80, when they were entered on the journal, Is. stead of being so put down at their dates. Meanwhile, thebooks falsely stated that tihei $19,000,000 were on hand in the reserve wh . they were really in circulation. The tra.na t orders were falsely stamped as paid by t0e Treasurer on June 30, 1865. The regular books and records do not show the true nature of the transaction, which had to be carefully exam- - ined to get at the truth. The issue was not -:" acknowledged in the Treasury statement for - months afterwards. A certificate of a temporaryloan devoslt for 519,000,000 was made out to the credit of the disbursing officers and put away in an n usual place. This certificate was made otrl July 1, and dated back June 30, which tookit back in the previous year, and made it seem appllcable to balance the account. While tlPCh notes were secretly going out the amount mo hand during the fiscal year was made to: aDpear by the looks to increase instead .t diminish. When the issue was finally a knowledged the temporary loan deposit -: $19,000,000 was put down as paid, whle It-. fact no payment took place. Secretary Culloch stated In the fall of 1885 that, ti . out $40,000,000 realized from the sales of b to November 1 of that year, there would 11W ' been a necessity for the further issue of l . terest-bearing notes. It now transpires thi during this very time this very issue wa6~s made. Mr. Glover says it has not yet been asesca tained whether this immense forced balance and secret issue cover a great defalcatl., bat thathe has in his possession sworn evi that nearly every important account of the Treasury has been falsified to an unknown but startling extent, and that if the House will authorize his committee to sit durtin th vacation, and vote the needful expert afi he will prove it. He says It is impossible wiin out such an investigation to know how many secret issues and forced balances have bees made. It will be remembered that it came out be fore Mr. Glover's committee in the last Coa grss that Huntington, Jay Cooke's oashier, repeatedly borrowed large sums from '"th reserve," and that oonsiderable amounts ehtr often absent from the vault and represented by paper slips. Mr. Glover says that his ill ness has been unfortunate in preventing th closing of many matters under Inqulr.. that he deeply regrets, as he has often state( during the session, that his committee was. not em powered to get to work last Novembt. Instead of waiting until March. Then matters could have been fully developed laid before Congress and the country by tom time. The experts to the committee are ap palled at the $19,000,000 revelation, and one -( them, an experienced accountant, says it is the most atrocious financial transaction be has ever heard of, and that there is no telling to what extent the fraud and falsification have gone. - - - *-- The French Academy. On Thursday the French Academy electel two members in the place of Thiers and M. Claude Bernard. The third vacancy, causse by the death of M. de Lomenle, will not be " filled till November. The two new membee'n: are M. Bon-Louis Henri Martin chosen to. fill the seat of Thiers, defeating M. Hipp cl . Adolphe Taine by a vote of etghteen to if teen; and M. Joseph Ernest Renan, the ea thor of the Vie de Jesus, who was elected to succeed M. Bernard, and who defeated M. Wallon by the same majority. It seems th at polities entered largely into the electoral corn test. M. Martin Is a Senator, a Republk cs and a national historian, and he is now as gaged in writing a history of France. TMis work was begun in 1833, and is still un finished, and, indeed, will not be coat pleted during the author's life, for he is ec.m stantly finding new material and incorporat Ing it in his work from day to day. He waa strong friend of Thiers and his principlee s~a was designated by Thiers' family and frFb as hi- successor. Talne was the Catholic and anti-Republican candidate, the friend of the Dues de Broglie and Noailies and the Coemt de Falloux, his preface to his recent book ct the Revolution having rommended him to them. Mr. Renan was doubtless elected by the same party. He was trained for the priesthood, and was the favorite pupil of Mgr. Dupanloup; hence his heterodoxy, subse quently manifested more conspicuously in the Vie de Jeses, rendered him particularly ob-. noxious to the Ultramontan.es, who seeuret his removal from his professorship. Mr. Renan, by the fascinating beauty of his sty.l and his erudition as an Orientalist, has we. earned his position among the immortals. "Anything fresh this morning ?" a Keoktuk reporter asked in a railroad office. "Yes," re plied the lone occupant of the apartmen. ' 'What is it?" queried the reporter, whipping out his note book. Said the railroad man, edging toward the door, "That paint you aas leaning against." Miss Emma Bartlett, dealer in saddles and bridles, died in New York on Thursday. She commenced business with a captralof $1 'Zh and died the manager of a man ufactory giv ing employment to 100 hands. S'me year ago she traveled over the couatry selling her wares, and it is told of her that, during cmf visit to Chicago, she entered into a drinking bout with five men who called to provoke be , made them tipsy, and sold them 2000 worth of bridles. Miss Bartlett never weighed more than eighty-four pounds, was in ma sense a beauty, but looked, acted and talkei like a man. She shaved regularly three tUla & week