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THE NEW ORLEANS DAILY DEMOCRAT.
VOL. V-NO. 73. NEW ORLEANS, MONDAY, MARCH 1, 1880. PRICE, FIVE OENTS. AND .. UAsthma, Consumption, AND ALL DISEASES OF THE THROAT AND LUNaGS. Put up in Quart Size Bottles for Family Use. I IJ¶TIrflaT D01U'T BE DOECEIVED BY UNPRINCIPLED DEALE~W WHO TRY TO lI*J iof upon you Book and Rye in place of our TOLU. BOOK AND BIE, tWhob is the only GZENUIN medicated article made. having a sovernment stamp on eacoh bottle. trsaet from Report of the tommlslsoaer of Internta Revemue. TREASURY DEPABTMENT. Office of Internal Revenue. Washington. D. O.. Januarr 5, 1eeo. .3eIra. LAWRENCE & MARTIN. 111 Madison street. Chioago. IlL: USal lso -I have reoelved "a certified formula" giving the ingredients and relative propor Aom used In the manufacture of an article which you advertise and sell under the name of '"TOLU ROK AND BYE." This compound, aooording to your formula, in the opinion of this MBee, Would have a sufficient quantity of the BALSAM OF TOLU to give it all the advantages " aibed to this articole in pectoral complaints, while the whisky and the syrup constitute an 4 latslon rendering the compound an agreeable remedy to the patient. - . athe opinion of this office, an artfole compounded aooording to this formula may properly be wsed as a medicinal preparation under the provisions of Schedule A, following section s~7, United States Revised Statutes, and when so stamped may be sold by druggists, apothecaries and othr persons without rendering them liable to pay special tax as liquor dealers. Yours, respectfully, (Signed) GREEN B. RA&UM, Oommissieaer. LAWRENCE & MARTIN, Proprietors, 111 M1adison street, Chicago. SEi OL IN NEW ORLEANS a3 ALL DRtUOsGIT, OReOC.m AND WINE U.NR N&WlSI GENERALLY, AT WHOLESALE, DY FLAEH, PRESTON & CO. AND F. '.il ANDISM, WRE WILL SUPPLY THE TRADE AT MANUrAOCTUaES' PRICES. skhl ll5 i 01 15 17 19 21 26 27 ILETTERS FROM THE PEOPLE. [The DoaoeAT is responsible for none of Sviews expressed In the omormunicatlons this head; but no communlcations will printed except from responsible parties.] THE MOUTH OF BRED RIVER. Te the Editor of the Democrat: I join you in calling public attention to the LopbDed dlosing of the mouth of Bed river, -mmad hope the matter will be closely Inves gat(ra before It is allowed to be aooom puished. That it will be an injury to navigation is ^ itmls. The river from here tp the mouth of Sel is always safe for boats to navigate. The proposed route through Bayou Plaquemine . d the Atchafalaay would probably be the aget dimecult and dangerous of routes known to steamboatmen in the West or South. It frequently happens that as many as six to -ight boats leave here at the same hour ft the Ouachita, Red and Atchafalaya rivers and their tributaries. The run from hereto Plaquemine is but short, and these boats would all arrive at the proposed lock dayed by Inward bound steamboats and outward bound-coal fleete, trading fiatboats. .bsoeach claiming to be lucked throughin turn. The dela would be expensive to boats vexatious to passengers and consignees. There ,is no neessity for the proposed _-.nge; the etsam know and have dem ed that a good channel can be ntined at the mouth of Red for e money than the interest on the cost of the proposed change will amount to. isle parties are here ready at any p to undertake the work. But the injury to navigation and our com merce is not the only one to result from the .closng of the mouth of Bed as proposed j 8the tngineer Department. I read in the of the tweqty-eighth Instant as fol Pe te Oouve parish is sgain threatened a overw, eacsea by broken levees along the iver front, and so urgent is the tr of mmediate and. rompt action on I- of the State muthorites that the citi r of this section held a meeting at Wil aslport reeently and commissioned ol. W. Sortery and Mr. Jones Platt. two prominent plasters, to visit this city at once and lay the mtter before the Droper authorities. and ask the istance of teir epresentatives. Bena rl and Dr. Archer. of the House. for Sby having the levees rebuilt with. t & ea. and by this means avert the Oorkery informs the 2tmes that the are at Bed liver Landing and at Hog in Pointe Ooanee. These levees have gone into the river. The water is rising at the of a foot ever twenty-four hours and is ening the uhoe upper portion of the .o zemely--e W ao e ourci and Leisworth nback . from Bed River Landing to the lh irj s e of this section are very much aarmed, and desire the immediate attention i8thState eanineers to this threatened inun If the water rises much higher, the aend fnest portion of the parish willibe over owed. The Mlssiaippi Is still rising at points eo PointeOoupee. and the river will bestill htiher here before the flood expends itelf. it isftae, t indeed that the upper Missis sippi, the Missourli White and Arkanmmsas are ot adding their floods to the present rise, which is all from the Ohio. At the present time there is an immense volume of water passing from the Missis s'I'ppi through the mouth of Bed into the Atobamaya, and thence to the Gulf. If that outlet were closed to-day there is no telling 'ow much, not only of Pointe Coupee par ish, but of the whole country from Bed river down, would be under water, nor how many ýle would be ruined by the disaster whioh repsat itself with each recurring flood. It to aimed, I believe, by the Engineer De sament thatclin the mouth of Bed in ht off the Bed and Ouchita floods from the MlissippL At same time I gather from -eadig your article of the twenty-eighth tat the engineers claim that not one drop of Bed river enters the MissiaslppL This is not tre; but f It were, it only strengthens the ' - ament In favor of keeping the mouth of Seed open in order to carry off the dangerous s-rplus from the Missielsippi. 'Bt It makes no difference in my argument Whether the statements of the engineers be sore ornot, if the mouth is cloed as pro nied it will certainly result in overhows on the Mseisslppi, and there might be such a -thlagas more water comin from the Ousachi t toabLed than the Athafalaya could carry , of without overflowing itsbanks and ruining , the sgentry through which it flows. The trathisthat when the Mteasssippi is hiher h .m se L water ows from the lsieslhpip to Sthe Athl·afmsad when the Bed t her than the iseiemd some of the Bed ver ater sems tohb adh the bmaloee d arow e bath very *l $ the same time there will be great danger of overflow, but this occurs so rarely as to be hardly worth taking into aocount. and does not change the argument in favor of keepLn the mouth of Red open in the least, as ethe tch slaya will always carry off what it has capacity for, and should be kept open as a drain for both the Mississippi and Red. Of late years the Atchafalsya has greatly in creased its capacity in this respect and I be lieve that if assisted by removing the "rafts" and log heaps which obstruct the current and dredging through the few hard, unwash able clay bars or ridges to be found in its bottom, so that the current could get at and scour away 'the sand or softer soil under them that within a very few years it would so enlarge itself as to carry off all the dangerous surplus from the Bed and Messiseelsippi, and that then overflows from the mouth of the Bed down would be at an end. There need be no apprehension, as indulged by some, that the Mississippi would in time be diverted from its present sourse and flow down the Atchafalaya as the capa calty of the pass through Old river from the Mississippi to the Atohafalaya for carrying off water is not near as great now as it was twenty years ago, and it is constantly grow g lees because of the filling up of Old river; but if it should show a ndency to dangerous enlargement at any tidt, that as well as the enlargement of the latter stream could be checked at any time by sill dams, which any engineer will know how to place. I do not thlnk the cost of assisting the Atchafalaya to enlarge itself would be near as great as would the work of closing the mouth of Red. The one would bring safety to the richest portion of our State, the other would bring danger and disaster. Jos. A. Arnix. A Meetting t the Virginia tWlitary Insta sate Pelloewed y Jummary tlsmSesals. aw Toym. Feb. 29.-A special from Rich mond Vs. says: Information has just been re ceived here of the dismissal of twenty.seven students from the Virginia Military Institute at Lexigton for a disobedience of orders and for breaking arrest. The dismissed students had equesd GOen. Franois BH. Smith, superin tdendnt. to grrnt them an additional sauspen salon from duty to enable them to prepare for an examination in descriptive geography. which he refused, as he was on the point of leaving for Staunton on a business visit. The students refused to obey the commander of the institnte in the superintendent's absence and were dismissed uon his return. A few of the class deolined to loin the rebellion and three or four of those who did returned to duty. The superintendent has issued an order in the In tereet of disci line, setting forth the facts in the whole affair. The meeting began on the twenty fourth and dismissals followed promptly. Thes avana, Bte and Santes Markets. HAVAA,. Feb. 25.-Sugar-The market was active at rathe irregular prices, closing firm; Nos.1o to 's . . y s rels. old. per arrobe; Nos. 16'to so D. It. 93*10% reals; molas:es sugar. Nos. 7 to 10. 4%@7 reals; musoovado sugar, common to fair. 6@073 reals: centrif ugal sugar 96 de re s polarisation, in boxes and hogasheads. 83Fg reals. Stocks in warehouse at Havana and Matansas; 4.so00 boxes, 68.4eo bans and 8r4.oo hhds. tie oeipts of the week 11.400 boxes, 20 200 bags and 21.700 hhds. Exports during the weea 2000 boxes, 8400 bags and 9000 hhds, inoiuding 1000 bags and sloe hhds to the United States. Spanish sold 2 873. @.487. Exchange flat; on the United States 6o days, gold, 43@ premium; short eglsht do, s%@6 premium; on London, 1is%@O1 premium* on Paris. I premium. .xo JAisnBO. Feb. 28.-Coffee market quiet. with a downward tendency; good firsts eloooa ic500 reis per 10 kilos. Exchange on London 23%d. BaTros. Feb. 28.-Coffee market quiet. with prices maintained; no change; superior 61100U 51100 reis per 10 kilos. OeLeseepe To Give a staisfaetory Expla matlon to the Presiet.a. NEw Yonx. Feb. 28.-At the reception and din ner given Saturday night to M. DeLeeseus by the Lotoes Club, in response to an address of welcome. DeLesseps said that when he went to Washin~ton as a private oltiaen of France to see the President he would be able to assure him of the cerrect relation of the American re publio to the progrees of the canal. newspaper Change in ChieCga. The o'enino Journal to-day announced a change of publlsher. Lient. Gov. Andrew Shuman and J. B. Wilson having leased the ofce. The former, who has been managing editor for over twentr years. will be editor in chief and the latter will assume charge of the business department. In connection with this announcement Shuman requests the with drawal of his name as a candidate for the governorship. Treeps Preparing to Prevent a Threat ease lanvasen ot Oklhama. JuwoTro O rrr. Kan., Feb. 29.--ant. More I 8 company of the Sixteenth United States Infan try at Fort Riley has been ordered to Coffey ville. Kan., to prevent a threatened invasion of Oklahama. Forty men of the Fourth Cavalry. from Fort Hays, were also ordered to the same pae. The infantry will leave Fort Riley next Whr suffer with indigestion when walakoR Bhttermaoitrds eetasin relief. Getabottle an tryL TBE STATE OF EUROPE. Meeting of the Herald Relief Com mitte in Paris. -embers to be Bent to Ireland to Re port the Condition of the Peo ple--The Recall of Prince Hohenlohe Still Un der Disoussion. IRELAND. Naw Yogx. Feb. *2.-A soeoial from London to the Hevald says: The second meeting of the Herald relief fund committee was held in Paris Friday. It was thought that the approach of ateual famine had been met for the moment to a considerable extent by the action of various committees already organized. It was agreed that the greatest pressure of poverty will be felt between now and the next harvest, and that the committee should prepare for the inevita ble inorease of misery which must occur before auttmn. James Gordon Bennett. who was present. reoorted to the committee that the ound would be placed at their disposal at once, when the committee delegated two members to visit the distressed districts immediately with power to act in oases cf special need and to re port at the next meetloi of the oommittee, rwhich will be held in Dublin. GERMANY. BmaLIz. Feb. 29.-The N.ational Gazette says that slight importance Is attached in wellin formed olroles to Prince Hohenloba's appoint -aent to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which Is attributable to a desire to facilitate lnter o urse between Emperor Willitnm and Prince Bismarec on account of the Indisposition of the latter. FRANCE PARnt, Feb. 2e.-The Temps says the London Times' view of Prince Hohenlohe's mission is unfounded. The Prince will be better able in his new posneitlon to promote his peaceful views towards France than before. Prince Reuse. who will probably uooeed Prince Hoherlobe as ambassador to Paris, is equally pacifically disposed. _ - AN IRATE.INQUIREL A North arolina Republioan Wants to Know What has Beoome of Civil Service Reform. WAsuntoTox. Feb. 29.-The following open letter to President Hayes will appear in to morrow's Republican: RAYaon, N. C., February 28. 1880. To His Excellency the President: *Bir-On the twenty-ninth of January, 1880. a meeting of the Bepublicav State Executive committee of the State of North Carolina was held in the city of Baleigh. by which committee and at which time and place del eates-at-large were chosen to the Republican National Con vention which will meet at Chicago on the second of June next. Ae members of that com milttee and partiiolating in Isr meeting w'-re: Wm. P. Canady, onllector of customs at Wil mington. N. C. :;J. Mall, collector of internal revenue for the Blath ollection District of North Carolina, and Plnkney Rallings, a clerk in the loan ficoe division of the Treasury de partment. These offoe-holders took part in the deliberations of the committee in deflance of your civil service order No.1. As wide publication was given to the fato. and as you have taken no steps to punish the of fenders, and appear consistent in your an nounced eff,)rts to ourifr the civil service and keep Federal oflioe-h ,lders from Inter fering with the rights of our citizens in conventions and elections. I write you at the request of many citizens, as well as on my own account, to ask you to do us the favor to tell us what your civil ser vice order No. 1 means. bven a double-headed construction will be some consolati in. With great respect. I am your obedient ser vant. JNO. O. GORMAN. SAN FRANCISCO AFFAIRS. No Further Disturbances Expected for the Present-A Suspended Member Seeks Redress in the Courts dAM FaaAwaico. Feb. 29.-The city has to all appearances resumed its wonted quiet. and .no further disturbance is likely at present. The impression among the best informed seems to be that if the order to condemn Chinatown is carried out legally and in good faith at the end of thirty days' notice, which will be given that there will be no farther trouble, but if anything occurs to interfere with the execution of that project then there will be no guarantee for peace. The arrest of Gannon yesterday appears to cause no excitement among the worknlg men. Another scene occurred Oin the Assembly chamber at Baocramento to-day. Mr. Braarn. hart. who was suspended yesterday, took his seat and attempted to speak, but was ordered under arrest and removed. He is now on his way to this elty with a view of bringing his case before the supreme Court. The subscription to furnish funds for em ploying needy men with work on Golden Gate Park is meeting with gratifying success. A Weavers' Strike at North Adams, Mass. NOnTH ADAMs, Mass., Feh. 28s-The broad and narrow loom weavers of Blackinton Mills had a meeting yesterday and decided to strike at noon to-day unless their wages were increased aooording to a promise made by the corpora tion to do so when times became good. While the weavers were at dinner to-day the company posted new price lists. string an increase of 10 per cent to broad and 5 per cent to narrow loom weavers. The narrow loom weavers aooeptea the terms. but the broad loom weavers refused them. claiming an advance of at least is per cent-the amount of the reduction to which they were subjected. The obmpany refused to make any further Inorease, and posted notices that those who re fused to work at the stated prices could settle uD Monday and vacate the company's houses. The weavers are deliberating on the situation at orivate sessions. Fifteen spoolers also struck this afternoon and are still out, the company having refused an increase of 10 per cent. All the broad loom weavers. cardroom men and spoolers are now on a strike, and considerable excitement pre vails. ' _ Tennesasee Ralicad Matters. NasBBE.I. Feb. 29.-The Board of Directors of the Nashville. Chattanooga and St. Louis Railroad met to-day and appointed President Cole and Directors Lioecomb and Davidson a committee to sell the St. Louis and blotueast ern. and Owensboro and Nashville railroads. Mr. Newcomb had the resignations of four directors of the Nashville. Obattanooga and St. Louis Railroad. and proposed to present them and ask that four of his directors be appointed in their place. He was informed this couldn't be done, the charter of the Nashville. Chatta nooga and St. Louis Bailroad requiring that to become directors a person must be a bona fide stockholder in his own right of at least forty shares, which he shall have held at least three months prior to his election. A heavy rain storm prevailed in West Tennessee this morning. washing out 900 feet of track of the Nashville and Northwestern Railroad. The Western UaIlM's View of the Case. COmtceo. Feb i.--The counsel of the Western Union Telegraph Company in charge of the lii.gation here say that one important feature @of t.easeeems to be omtted in the onton A Bartlett may be pro er for oonsideration after the Kaness Paclfie Railroad Comhpany has returned the property which it has acquired; and that the duties recared by law to be per formed by the Kansas Pacific Company may as well be performed by persons in the telegraph companyb employ as by any other persons o long as the overnment does not obec to te D rons employed. The first thing for officers or the railroad cor parny to do is to settle wit. the court, whose orders they have violated, an to pacify the people beyond the Missoui river. who are now deprived of telegraph facilities. A Virgmlaia emealse. PsTnUsUvaG. Va., Feb. 29.-Information has just been reoelved of the murder of lachard Subbylbe Thomas Conway In Purry county a w days alsnce. Conway charged Nubia with avinghad improper intereourse with his wife. and meeting him on the road shot him. killing him instantly. He then fled and has not yet been captured. SPANISH FORT. The Improvements Being Made There The visitors to SpBanish Fort yesterday-were enabled to appreciate the worth to our commu nitry of such men as the Schwartz Brothers and their associates in the BDpanish Fort Balroad Company. The want of a summer resort in the suburbs of the city, for the large number of our people who cannot absent themselves dur Ing the heated term, is in a fair way of being dispelled, owing to the enterprise.taste and lib erality of the gentlemen named. Spanish Fort and its surroundings, from a comparatively dreary waste, are fast assuming a transforma tion which In a few years will make the locall ty one of the most attractive and health-giving in the country. The work already done on the grounds and the line of the railroad since last summer will, together with the iadications of what will cer. tainly be done in the future, surprise and gratify the most exacting of our people. A beautiful garden vast in proportion has been laid out and akuntel with flower plants, shrubbery and trees; ornamented with three fountains of varied designs, immense mounds and a lrge fish pond fed with water directly from the lake, all of which are, however, still incomplete, but suffclently advanced to give the visitors an idea of what the immediate surroundings of the hotel will be in a week or two. Immediately opposite the lake and depot, and bathing its feet in the lake, an immense and elegant two-story building, of the stancheet construction, is in course of erection, the di. mensions of which will be soe feet by 180. for the purpose of sheltering the throngs who will resort to the spot from the heat of the sun or from rain. The importance of this construction, which will have a seating capaolity of from a500 to 40on on the ground floor, andabout2o0oon the upper floor, cannot be overestimated, for conneoted as It will be with the lake station by a covered way (about one hundred and fifty yards long). the pleasure-seeker will be assured of proteo tion against all kinds of weather from the mo ment he enters the train at Basin street. This grand pavili ,n will serve as a uoncert room when the "out-door" pavilion cannot be used. for the concerts wnioh have characterized the enterprise will not only be continued, but the orchestra will be materially increased, on oer tain ocoasions to number no fewer than forty musicians and never less than twenty-flve. The height of the pavilion will besides pro vide on its eastern side a shady place in the early afternoon, where innumerable settees and tables will be laeed for the partaking of re freshments of all kinds. One of the most important features of the en tertainments of the Stpanish Fort will be the illumination of the grounds by electricity the Messrs. Bohwarts having not only secured a Brush Electric Machine, but actually erected the steam engine which is to furnish the motive -power for the generation of th* electricity. The top of the engine-house will contain a large reservoir to oanstantly supplr the rustic tountains which have been designed and are beang completed by Capt. Williams, the super intendent of the railroad compar. The refreshment department, whi3h has been awarded to our attenuated young friend Eu gene Kroat, will comprise a first-olass bar and two stands, one on each side of the summer pavilion for rapid service of customers. We noticed also yesterday that the company are digging a canal south of the hotel, and at rlaht angles with the Bayou Bt. John. for a harbor to the steamer which is to ply between Spanish Fort and the watering lwaces across the lake, and the landing of which will be connected di rectly with the station by a covered way. The road-bed of the company is now in most splendid order, the heavy iron which has been laid between the Fort and the Metaire Bidge enabling the trains to make the trip from the city to the lake in less than twenty-five min utes. In order to maintain and increase the his torical interest of the resort, the burial place of the Spanish ofioer, to the west and adjoin ing the hotel, and which is marked by the four large oaks will be provided with a mound of blooming owers hbearing a headstone upon which the name of the deceased soldier will be engraved as soon as it can be obtained. The whole will be enclosed by a neat iron rallina. Even the Confederate torpedo boat, which here tofore lay on the northern edge of the bayou. has been transferred to the Fort side, to figure with the ancient cannon and other rem nis conces of the past which are strewn around and about the Fort. And the imorovements which are referred to are only the beginning of the layinr out of an extensive park from the hotel to the Orleans canal. on the north side of the railroad, to effeot which the construction of a breakwater or jetty will soon be commenced. and filling in prooess done gradually and sImultaneously with the laying out of the park arounds progress. And this is not all; in order to perfect their grand scheme the Schwartz Brothers propose also. at an early day, to convert tue two squares of the neutral ground on Basin street, occuapied by their city depot, into beautiful garden plots and lawns. As the improvements progress we shall keep our readers posted as to what our Intelligent and enterprising fellow-citizens are doing for their comfort. Nowthe question is, who will be enterprising enoaugh to take possession of the lake shore or the north side of the bayou and beautify it also? WAITING FOR THE VERDICT. The Suit Against the Directors of the Southern Bank. On Monday, the fifteenth of February. one of a series of suite against the Southern Bank was commenced in the Third Distrioct Court. This was the case of Whitfield & Mitchell vs. Thomas Layton and others. in which the sum of $2500 was claimed asthe amount of a deposit made by plaintiffs. The case provoked wide spread interest, as the decision suggested a precedent of vast import. A week was con sumed in the matter of giving testimony and submitting argument, and after the jury had remained under look and key for forty-eight hours Judge Monroe was compelled to dis charge them, as there seemed to be no hope of agreement. During the incarceration of the jury a new ease of the same character was put on trial, This was the ease of P. and E. Mioh-l vs. Thos. Layton and others-a ease involving the same interests, and tending to establish the respon sibility or non-responsibility of the directors. The case was given to the jury on Saturday evening, but failieg to agree, they were locked up for the night with the privlege of handing a sealed verdletto the sheri. Yesterday atter noon such a verdict was given, and the jury went to their homes, but the determination of the case has to be learned to-day, when the jury will reappear and the verdiot read. VISCOUNT D'ABZAC. The President of the French republic has. upon the recommendation of the Minister of Foreign Affairs. conferred the nomination of Knight of the Legion of Honor upon our es teemed French Consul. the Viscount d'Absaa for valuableservices rendered his constituents,. not only in New Orleans. where he is highly avpreelt-td but in the various diplomatic po sitiona which he has occupied in South and North America. asroW rcsaaae timVb ansp THE IRISH . AMINE. Cries for Relief from Buninadden, County Sligo, and Kinvona County, Galway. Hundreds of Families in Both Coun ties Without Food, Money or Credit, Looking to America to Keep Them from Starvation. The following letters have been received by the DUxocOAT, and will, we trust, receive the attention they deserve. It is evident that relief should be forwarded at once, if we Would avert the terrors of famitpro the people, who, in their agony, ael . )~ help. BVNIAnDDm,. Oounty 8g1o, Feb. Ii, eee1. To the Editor of the Democrat: Will you kindly give me soace in your journal to appeal for relief for my people, the most des titute'of any in the West. and whose distress has hitherto been almost unknown to the pub lic? Perhaps it has been passed over. owing to my persuasion that until distress became al most alaming t wouldbe wiser not to aesl to the charitable at hbme or abroad, lest my people should loseseelf-respect and they should ist in exhibiting the Irish nation a mendi cant sitting on the wayside of nations, exhibit. ing her sores to the world with a beggar's peti tion in her hands. But now the distress of the people of this parish is so pressing and acute, and their cries for aid so well founded that del iooa is no longer to be considered, and I would be guilty of a crime were I any longer to remain silent, if by breaking silence I can pro cure ailms, The ondition of my parish is. briefly stated. thus: There are in it Goo families living on small farms, messasurin eacoh from one rood to four sores. Ordinarily speaking they secure a bare subsistence In the best of years by the produce of their holdings chiefly potatoes, and the earniangs or the male portion of them in England and tlcotland. Both means of support failed them last year. Their lands barely yielded a support for them up to Ohristmas in the most favorable instances, and the Bnglish and scotch labor market was last year generally a failure. Not one of those oo families has a cow or a oalf. How can they live? They have no potatoes, no ca'tle. no credit. The shop keepers, many of whom to my knowledage. have been kind and indulgent, cannot any longer afford credit, their own calls are so pressing. How can I tfind means to support my famtshing people?I Beaders of your paper ought to anwer, Oertainly emigration is required for these poor people, but the emigration. I venture to sulggest, is an emilratlon not to Zululand or ant other foreign land, but to Meath and loes common, which are divided into very large grszlng farms. from whloh the people were evicted, owina to the combined greed of wrm lsiers 'nd landlords. As the government in years eene by. but still remembered distinctly, aided-tee landlords with its whole power to evict wholesale. it ouaht in justice restore, where possible, to the evioted tenants the lands from which they had been evicted, and falling this to divide and split up those large farms into.arms of twenty soacres each, and pant on them the hardy and thrifty farmers and laborers of .llgo. Mayo and Galway. But outside the numbers of small farmers I have mentioned the Dpesent distress is felt, and perhaps more than almongst those whose cries for ai are loudest. some short time ago I was called upon to administer the last sacraments to a man named Gaffaey. residing in the town. land of Aughrioe. He held a farm ofland. gov ernment valuation a16, rent £27, exclusive of taxes and ceas. He managed to pay this exor bitant rent in very exoeptional clroumstanoes. He was struck down by paralysis some eight years ago, and deprived of the use of his limbs. He was and is a perfect cripple. He had then a family, the oldest of whom was only It or 12 years of age. His wife struggled on and paid the rent for many years, but tue crop and pro duoe of the iand for the last three seasons would not pay the relnt, muph les. support her family. I saw Gaffney's land, and some asores of t were this summer and har vest estroyed b the overflowin of the Owenmore. I may menion that besides the Owenmore there are in this parish three rivers and six lakes, the overflown of which last year rendered unfit for food the pro duoe of some thousands of acres of land, and which the landlords have taken no steps to have drained. When I had done my dut by Gaff ney, Mrs. Gaffne showed m a document she had received on Christmas ve. It was a pro. oeas of ejectment for two years' rent, ncludina the running gale. Gaffney has some hay and one cow and a calf, but if he Piys the rent or even a considerable portion of it he beggars his family and cannot hold his land. His land lord is a poor man for his position, and I suab ose will exact his pound of flesh. as in the R t of times. Y .6,/ -, 1.++ "' . -- • .I ,U Il.. ..i .._ ... _" +ft. Last week I rave relief. chiefly out of the money supplied me by my patriotic and elo quent Blshoo. most Bevererd Dr. MoOormaok. to 250 families over fivetonsof Indian meal; but I was forced to send away without food, or a promise, the representatives of over 200 fam lies. The gaunt appearance and woolfish looks of these sent away without food struck me forcibly and moved me very much. But what could I do ? What can I do in the near future without further and substantial aid? And looking for aid in Ireland. except from the Land Loeue and the Mansion House Fund. is a matter so difficult and complicated as to be scarcely worth the trouble. Hitherto the funds coming to Ireland have for the most part gone astray. They have _one to Dr. MoRale as the Archbishop of the West but none of those funds have as yet reached the other bishops of the est. the Blshos of Aohonry, Kilala, Galway and Elphin. Thebest plan would be to send the money for each dtocese through Its bishop, or better still for each parish through its parish priest and parochial committee. The money sent has been disbursed through locql committees, and I. and every one paing the least attention to the matter, has objected to two prlnciples al most universally acted on by the Duchess of Marlborough's relief committee, and in a leas degree by the Mansion House Committee. 1. Wherever the cry of distress was loud. e.t there, without inquiry it was assumed distress was most u.sent. and consequently parishes in my Unmediate vicinity received a larse amount of aid. when little was forthcom ing to other parishes where ald was much more 2. Wherever a committee was composed of resident influential landlords money was sent In large sums, whereas in districts where no such names were on the committees small sums were only sent. Now, to ordinary minds. it would appear that where there are large resi dent landowners the people must no t be so badly off. and where the landlords are ab sentees the people must be the poorer thereby. But this obvious principle never seems to have struck our committees. They may fairly ask for some guarantee for the expenditure of the money sent by them, but surely the presence of olerdymen and others of different religto persuasions on a committee is a sufcient pledge of honesty, and humble people have as much honesty and honor, and as much brains, also. as pdrsons of the higher class. I trust my humble a peal to the Ameri can people will not. be in vain, and that the Irish-Amerieans espeelally will send me sub stantial aid for my starving people. The gov ernment has proved itself not incompetent but unwilling to deal with the present crisis and has furnished the strongest argument il favor of Home Bule since the famine years. First, it ~gnored the existence of distress and the da r of an impending famine with the fullest evidence before its eves, Itthen said the opera tion of the ordinary Door laws would meet the difoficlt. It sent a circular ordering the work house officials to be prepared for a large iuflx of paupers. the union in which it was situated being perhapsin a bankrupt condition. and this m veme was alcuaated to render the tenants taxatio to auoerse them also. It ad vanc nd-e-r.money to landlords Ad t erbodlse. bt an xorbitant o nagr the aandlot and of ssro goo Late have not been called together yet. Now im as if ithad not the fullest evidene olt the overnment has ne ted its it mtks " nhuiriety oa theepdistres e mi, ,ius of expatiated Irishmen a y b ms overn m ntad its bad laws, neglect. and Ionfdently ex.ect them to make my poor parishioners sae from starvation. A Yours faithful r. JAMES AoNON MoD ',. N. B.- e following is a list of the m.em ebs of my committee: Chairman-Very Bev. James Canon MeDer matt. P. P. Vice Chairman-Very Bev. Canon Heather, Treasrer--Jeh McDonnell D`.roy. Esq. -ohn rmsy ooke. S otheCommlttse-Dom n O . ,nror, e l. s an rtin DAroy. D lap, R.hcbls.rmoq.. .; . urks O C.. andVMus. Pat Murray and Bart. od. IlixvoxA GALWAY, Iia LwD, Vebruary I2. 1580. To the Editor of the Democ:at: In the interest of poor and suffering hma y I respeotfully venture tocraveasa p aer to make an earnest aod bu the oharitable :::e ofoa al of my oor distressed fl visitatiol from Which Ireland Is suer now. an whish has drawn tow s her sympathy of the charitable e throughout the world, has completely the eople of this parish. nona is a d pOpulous, but extremely poor die venln themost favorable yao the were barely able to leep theirbeds water. for the land is eoor, and in many unproductive. This year there was an amhoet tot failure of all props. and as a consequenet the people are In a most dep able s of overty. They are without food, fuel, cred.t. and in many .Istances, without p There are at the lowest calculationu. tween three hundred and fifty and ur nus dred families in want and requiring immedlae relief. Many of them, If not starling, ar ,a . least on the verge of starvation and if aid de not come from some charitable quarter t ver much to be feared that many of tiee will succumb to starvation or before long. A local committee formed for some time. It has from various sources, about three dred persons durin the last fortnight. fnnds are now nearly exhausted or wit week, and as we have nogreat prospect of able to replenish them, while the poverty. In stead of deoreasing is every day ina we are at a loses wht to do or where to look assitsnce The cry of the suffer po yrining in our ears from mo their pinche and shriveled cs rt met wi Therever we turn. fro morn Ing till night our houses are besiee y applcants., for whom we have ol - nQ but words of sympathy and ,iop Wti tadesie or relizing such hopes. I no turn towear .the great repoplie of the West, t . t glorious and generous country, whi hast darey done so much for my poor countr., adin the sacred n a of umanity as o t Ity Iappeal to is children to give out of et abundance a little for the relief of my Door fring people. There could be no more serving objects for, though my people are in mthe eyes of the world, they are, I hop, Inthe eyes of God, for they are rich indt and In the poasseksin of Christian virtues a their prayers. whi wll be offered for her benefactors, will be heard by Him who rerd as lent to Himself whatever siren to thepoo. Apologizsng for trespains at such lengt on tour valuable sDoas, lam, dear sir.your h8nible ervant. P Milton opened l w welcomed by a lay. A Ma of the People, written by Mr. obi . was a dis appointment. It proved to be a verymDrdimar P production, with the worn out Dictof a porsg outed maiden, a bold villain, and es ssa® der. Some of the oers e rir but they are made to g is too mues ,l sentiment and eant. anT a. . pictures of Jae no. n eo meets eved u .hny. eneis. ood. but the ait o mes they ma " say and do things ly is the in the court scene), real e y ;" procure them all Of all the plays that Sb as h most difficult to Interpret much as we csn reme er Bo was eloquent, and slvlnathe meostqoe body yet has plav Himet-uM s o has come upto th ie ofe part. ,im cause it is the next thiag to an Hamlet is altogether a creation of action i that role is entirely s rvnt idea an be dreamed of, but which is almost.i. r .e eriok Pauldin atempted lt ve insto lve an nterpretation of that em difficult creation. and If he failed. it desn ;n mean In any way that he is not aoodntoy - He appears very intelligentand s of a t. new readings are very 0 n0ow ilsti.. mst say are interior to what we v bmfore. We will not undertake tci him to-nht as the play was le hours are waxine small Mr. Char made as good a Polonias s we have a s eyeel~ n as for MHis de Forrest's Oohela, til r we say about it. the better. She lacks soul a,: Poery noutf she U pretty end graceful . NSW ORLEANS RIBLE CLUB. Yesterday the members of the Washineton Artillery Bife Olub indulged in their first shot for the Battalion Cup: five shots each, at Iln - and soo yards. with militar rifles. triaer pul. six pounds. The scores were as follows: Dudley Belph.........oo 0 yards 4 4 6 4 44 soc yads 4q4 2 4-t19 P. Miohel................... yars 8 8-1A 60o ards4 6 554-21-41 G. W. Carlton.........oo00 yards 8 4 4 4 5 6oo yards 4 s 2-17-0 Wm. Arms............20o yards 4 4 4 8 8-15 sos yards a s s 0 6--1I J.. Sporl............96a yards 4s 4 4-19 s600o ryards s2 o2- 9-4 The members of the New Orleans Bids Ol had pool shooting at the mid-range, so and blls' eyes and cartoons were pent Messrs. Hoskins. Miller. Molone., and othejo. were out and also counted their score of bugl` eyes. 8ERAMlE'S FRIEND8 BOCILY., Yesterday was the fourth anniversary of the Ne#Orleans Beamen's Friends Society, sad it was duly celebrated at the First Presbyteria . Church in the following wlse: The readi.g C i the soriptures bB ry, B i. F.lln, ope n ned the exerclses, and thswa foilowed by an p -- ° prayer by Bv. T.a Markham, D. D fm nLyrc ollowed "Jor to the World," then t et . rer's report. (A. A. Woods) was rd, ad A J. Wlitherspoon. the seamen's schaplain. .m s his annual report. , his was succeeded by a hymn, "Out on an Ocean." beautifully sung. Rev. J. H. Nail. D). D.. then delivered with mucsh elocaenas tis anniversary sermen, and the exeoative mittee afterwards aave its report throuhW . C. larmond, the chairman. The Ml r Hymn then followed.and the eetemo.t.es 4Qs with an imposing benedietion by Bev. N. e Palmer. _ ACTING WISOLY. At a recent meeting of the aOntrai the Ancient Order of Hlbernisa , in this edip,. resolution was adopted that there should be. a g rio aitareb. O1 t b