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TiHlE NE W ORLEANS DAILY DEMOCR iAT
VOL. V-NO. 110. NEW ORLEANS, THURSkDAY, APRIL 8, 1880-TRIPLE SHEET. PRICE, FIVE CENTS. POLITICAL POINTS. eeting of the Democratic Con vention of Iowa. Instructions in Favor of the Two Thirds Rule-The Rhode Island Election-Charter Eleo tions in the West. 'BiLnNorox. , Iowa, April 7.-The Demooratic iate colnvention to select delegates to Clncin 'nati met here this morning. There were fully 400 delegates present. Judge Edward Johnson was elected chairman. On taking the chair he referred to the elec toral treads of 18Te as the issue Ibhut would not down. and said that the battle of 1880 must be tought for an honest count: that the Democ racy vaust pledge itself to protect internal trlasportation and inter-State commerce against the combination of gigantic railroad monopolies, and finally, that the man nomi nated at Cincinnati must be a men that can de. t en. Grant. as anobody of sense could see the latter will b, the Republican nominee. omttees on credenalise.on termanent or Steat-ion and resolutions were appointed. the convention took a recess. pn rerseembitu the convention adopted .eaoletions deolaring adherence to the lrlnel pliaf the Democratic party, denouncing the Volle yof the Bepuhbltaus and the cotilnu. d unurpation of power by 1he few as tending to ia ertalslm, and asserting that the Democrats o owe are in favor of toe Iwo thirds rule in aeieoting a Democrwli oandidate. Delegates Sere then chosen and instructed to vte at Cin tnatti as a unit. M RliODi ISLAND ELECTION-NO CHO1CE nB THE PaOPL1. Or.OylDaO, R. I,, April 7.-The State election -y has resulted in no choioe for Governor Lieutenant Governor. Beturns from thirty StowN enli.g one ward of thls city gives eld. Republican, ovno; Kimball, bDmo et. t20 and Howard, Protibition and indo. yenot Beopublloan, 2514. The G( ueral Aseem will be t ree-auartrrs Republolan. insuring election of Littleleldi by that body. It sla aderstood that a large majority of the Assem v menelect favor the re election of Senator urnside. emS ONNEOTIOUT REPUBLITANS-OOMPLEXION OF THE DELKOATION. JNw 1 AvXI. April 7.-The Bepublican State ventlon met here to-day to elect delegates ioiago. The only platform adopted was a lution pled~lng the convention and the tuenis which it represented to support te nomlnee.oiltha national convention, who ever they should be. The delegation to Chclago was utructed. but it is thought to stand: tlaine i.Edmunds 4. Washburne s. UB RESULT IN OINOINNATI-THS AMENDMENTS ADOPTED IN INDIANA. Omxc AvLTI. April 8.-Unomfflal footings alve - slby. Repuoblican. for Oity Oomptroller, a o.f s30. and elect the entir5 Republican of lduoation. with majorities ranging 200 to S00o. dena all the constitutional amendments eoarered. This will makethe State election tlO in November. TEE OCARTER ELECTION IN CHIOAGO. Szcl.O,. April 7.-Complete returns of the dit e eotion yesterday show that the Republi s htave elected ten alderm~n, the Democrats the Independents one, the Socialists one. 1 wlill make the complexion of the next Oounli., including those aldermen who Baltever. about the same as last year. TOWN ELECTIONS IN WIBOONSIN. WhAlR , April 7.--The Republican city was elected by about 6,00 majority-the t blican government Milwaukee has a adison elected a Republican mayor. Souncil Is divided. Oshkosh elected the ortic ticket by a small majority. St. a Republican ticket by a large A DEBOORATIO SWEEP IN COLUMBIA. s. 0. Naw Yonx, April 7.-A special from Colum ia. S. .. says: The municipal election to wyWas the quietest ever held in this city. The mooratic ticket, Including Mayor and alder men. Was eleoted without opposition, the ne voting with the Democrats. An unusual y arge vote was polled. There was little or no itement. OCABTER ELECTIONS IN MIICHIGAN. DEInoIT. April 7.-Township elections wero eld throughout Michigan on Monday. wih omgOthirty city elections. Returns generally adloste Republican gains and a decided fall ag off of the Greenback vote. THE FORTY-~IXTiH CONIRESS. Yesterday's Prooeedings in Both Branches Senator Thurman Again Presi dent pro Ternm. . WASHINOTON April 7.-The Secretary of the Benate. Col. iurch. called the senate to order and read a note from Vice Preshtent Wheeler stating that he would be ab.ent several days and that the duty devolved upon the benate of ohoosln a President pro ter. hr. WIllace submitted a resolution that the Hon. Allen G. Thurman he chosen President in the absence of the Vice President. Adopted. Mr. Thurman wts encorted to the chair by Mr. _srritand on taklngabis seat thanked the Sen ate for this renewed mark of their confl'ence and esteem. Mr. Wallace submitted a resolution Instruct - g the Secretary of the Senate to inform the residentof the United States and the House of Aedresentatives of the action of the Senate. adopted. After the transaction of some unimportant business Mr. Sanders submitted a resolution providing for the inquiry into the extiediency of removing the Sautee Indians to the Ponca reservation in Nebraska. After considerable disounesion the resolution went over. Mr. Baulebury gave notice that be would (to morrow) call up as a privileged question the IeDort of the Committee on Privileges and Elections in the Kellogg-Spofford case. The Senate then resumed consideration of the Ute Indian agreement. There was a gen. eral discussion of the whole Indian question. Ln which Messrs. Kirkwood. Hi1. White. Beck, Burnside. Ingalls and others participated. pending the conclusion of which the Senate ad journed. House.-The House having refused to dis pense with the morning hour. the Speaker an nounced that the pending question was upon the reference of the bid authortziog the Secre taryof War to contract with the San Antonio and Mexican Bord-r Railroad Company for the Immediate coerSruction of a railroad from San Antonio Texas, to a point on the Rio Grande at or near Laredo. After some discussion the bill was referred to the committee of the whole. Mr. Slemmons. of Arkansas. from the Com alittee on Railways ano Canals. reported a bill for the construction of railroad bridges at r near Shreveport and Monroe. La. Referred to the committee of the whole. Mr. Scales, of North Uarolina, from the Com mittee on Militia. reported a bill to organize and discipline the militia of the United States. Placed on the House Calendar. Mr. McCook. of New Yurk. asked leave to offer aresolution asking the Secretary of War for information with regard to the hazing of the colorea cadet Whittaker at West Point Military Academy. Mr. Aiken. of South Carolina. obleted. He said he represented the district trom which Whittaker camp, and was competent to see that the latter was protected. He thought it best to await an investigation of the West Point au thorities, especially as the latest reports seemed to show that it was a bogus outrage. The house then went Into commit'ee of the whole on the army appropriation till, pending the amendment of Mr. Sparks. of Illinois. with regard to the employment of contract surgeons, which was reiected. Mr. Sparks said he should demand a vote in the.House. The chair decided that he could not do so without berm'ion of the gentleman in charge Of the bill, Mr. iimer. The latter eaid he would not promise to-glve such per mission. Mr. Mparks thought that as the amendment came fr om the Committee on Military Affairs. Mr. Olynmor should allow a vote upon It In the H ous ., Mr. Olym'ur paid he had reoeived no reoquest to that efect from the Committee on Military Affrtre. Mr. Sparks, advancing toward Clymer in a threatenlng manner. said: "It the gentleman from Pennsylvania insinuates that the amend mentdooe not come from Ihoe Committee on Military Affairs he lies: that is all thereis about it.." Great confusilon and excitement ensued. which the Chair tritd in vain to quiAt. Mr. Clvmer-"Oh you cannot insult me." When quiet was restored Mr. Spark 's words were read from the Clerk's desk. and the com mittee rose and reported them to the House. Mr. Sparks explained that he was Ilboring under excltement, and that if Mr. Clymer did not intend to insinuate that he (Hparkr) was trying to deeelve the House. he would with draw and apologize for the offensive words. Mr. Clymer disclaimed any intention of mak in any such insinuatlon,. and the quarrel was amicably settled. After some further unimportant anlendments to the bill, Mr. Sptarks, of Illinois., by direction of the Military Committee. offered a supple mentnry section providing that no money ap propriated by the act shall be used in sub slstence equipment, tratsportation or com pent ation of any portion of the army to be used as a polite fore" to keep the peace iat the polls at any leotlon in any ttate. Mr. Kelfer. of Ohio, raised a point of order. pending the decision of which the House ad journed. WASHINGTON NOTES. Some Kansas Opinions Regarding the Ex odus-The Oundition of the Emigrants, WAsmrN(TON, April 7.-The Exodus Commit tee yesterday examined H. C. Solomon. city at torney, from Atchison. Kansas. who testifled that out of 2,,00 emigrants who had arrived there nine-tenuths were in a desmttute conditlion and were cared for by the cltlz ,ns. Witness said the universal sentiment of the noople in Atchison and the whole northern part of Kan sus is that the refugees are a detriment to the State, because they are paupers and don't pro ducu anything, and also because malny who are able to work wonl't work. Edward H Mills and R. B. Morey, both citu'us of Atchlison, were examined and gave testimony supporting that of Mr. Solomon. STAMP PDUTIE ON BANK CHECKS. The House Committee on Banking and Cur rency. at its mteetig to-day, authoriz 'd evpre sentative Price to revort a bill to the House re pealing that portion of the internal revenue laws which requires two cent stamps upon bank cheecks. THE LAWS B ELATING TO CUSTOMR COLLECTIONS. The Ways and Means Committee continued to-day the hearing upon the proposed bill to amend the laws relating to the collection of customs. A number of New York merchants pointed out the objectionable features of the present laws. A FORMIDABLE COMBINATION. The Louisville and Nashville Railroad comes to an Agreement With the Georgia Railroads. [Special to the Democrat.) ATLANTA Ga., April 7.-The Louisville and Nashville Railroad. including all its branches, to-day formed a combination with three Georgia roads, to wit: The Western and Atlan ti., running from Chattanooga to Atlanta; the Georgia, running from Atlanta to Augusta. and the Central. running from Atlanta to Savan nah, for the transmission of through freights. This agreement is to hold good for ten years, and was signed by Presidents Victor Newcomb. Joseph Brown, Wm. Wadley and Thomas Alexander. of the above roads. This arrange ment shuts out the Cincinnati Southern at Chattanooga. To conciliate the people of Atlanta. who, un der the new state of things, cannot hope for the building of the Georgia Western from the coal fieolds of Alabama. Newcomb and Brown have agreed to deliver coatl in Atlantaat a greatly reduced rate per ton. The new arrangement will not affect passen ger rates on said roads, It is said that the road from Augusta, Ga.. to Charleston will enter the combination. It will then have absolute con trol over all freights to and from the two ports, Savannah and Charleston. It is positively asserted that the Cincinnati Southeiu will now build an extension from Chattanooga to Rome. Ga.; that a new road will be built from Rome to Atlanta to connfct with the road now being constluilted from Macon to Atlanta. thus connecting Cincinnati by an on broken chain with the Macon andt Brunswick. making the port of Brunswick, which the new c(,mblnatio has fr( z'n out, the graud outlet for the n w line from the West. Th' combination formed to-day is the moat formia.bie In the South. It controls over :;o. 0,tI.ii) of rallroald property in Georgia and the West. It htas produciod a profound sensation Iamonng the people, who look upon it as a vast monopoly. ANOTIIER ACCOUNT. ATLANTA. April 7.-For more than a week the railroad presidents of Georgia have been in as s i n for the puirposoe of consulting with Preaeldnt Newcomb. of the Loulsville and Nash villa Railway. The conference was closed to. day with the announcement that a close alli ance had been formed between Mr. Neweomb and the Central Western and Atlanta and Geor gin roads, by which a course to the sea is clear, and all lines combiced In one systom. Mr. Newoomb made no leases, but has. it is salld. reIolvod assurance that the alliance will bie permanent. Througrh lines will at once be organlzd. and an office be opened in New York. THAT ALLEGED OUTRAGE. The Negro Cadet at West Point Suspected of Mutilating Himself. NEW YORK April 7.-The Herald Dubtishes an account of the outrage on colored cadet Whit taker, at the West Point Academy, in which it is insisted that he infloted the Injurlia upon him self. The dispatch is dated West Point and re ports that Dr. Alexander. Post Surgeon, de clared his belief that he was shamming uncon sciousness when found in his room. The doctor had Whittaker taken to the Hospital. or rather had him walk there, and then pursuant to the direction of General Schofield had him stripped and thoroughly examined. The result of this examination was that not a bruise was found on him. It was further as certained that his nose had not bloc as he stated. 'You are not hurt; you can go on duty." said the doctor, and Whittaker at once repaired to his Quarters and put in his appear ance at 9 o'clo,.k recitation, and is occupying his room in the barracks as If nothing had happened. Gen. Rehofleld is also reported to have stated that Whittaker had no enemies among the cadets, and trat there was no indi cation, so far, that any one of them had a hand in inflicting the injuries. The lHerald's theory Is that Whittaker took this way of eseaping the consequences of his own deficiencies and avoiding the disgrae* of failure. WEST POINT, N. Y., April 7.-Gen. Schofeld says It has been fully demonstrated that the outrage on Cadet Whittaker was not committed by m mtubers of the Cadet Corps. The General had an interview with Whittaker to. d iv, and told him that he was suspected of having mu tilated humself. Whittaker indignantly denied it. and demanded a court of i qulry. which wan granted, and it will convene Friday morn Closing of waloons In Bordentown, N. J. BOaDENTOWN, N. J April 7.-All hotel and beer satoons of this city were tigrt closed S es terday for an indefinite period in cons' quence of the Common Cunocil refusing to grant any licenses. The charter election will take place next M.onday, and an entirely new Council wilt than be chosen. Much interest is felt in there sult. Bordenrown has been a chartered city for thirty-one rea~s, and this is the first time in its history that Its publio houses have been closed. THE LATEST lOREIll FACTS Cable Reports of the Condition of Europe. The English Elections -New Liberal Gains-The Reason Assigned for Bismarck's Resig nation. Democratic Manifesto in Spain-General Foreign Notes. UNITED KINGDOM. LoNnow. April 7.-Additional returns from parliamentary electlhns to-day show the elec tion of thirteen Liberals. seven Home ltulers and one Conservative. In addition to those pre viously reported. Out of this number the Lib erals gain two seats and Home Rulers two. The net gain of the Liberals is now sixty-five seats. Queen Victoria will leave Baden Baden on th- fifteentlh instant on her return to England, Glads'one writes to the Dailu Nurcs. depre cating the demonstration now pretcariug by the Liberals in his honor on his return to Lon don, Lord Ht:rtinlgtn. speaking at Lancashire yesterday, says the British could only retlro from Afghanistan alter the restoraflou of order. The J)ally News, In its leading article this morning, hints that the ttoneervatilves will eo aloeso wth thyr Hlme Rulers in older to defeat l.b Liberal admtiitstration. Ret urns from Ierllamentary elections to-day, thus far received, show the o'ectiotnr f sixteen Liberals, foul tt. n Omnservatives and two Homo Rulers The Liberals gala nine seats and the Home Rulers two. Herbert Gladstone. who was teleated for Middlesex, will stand as a candi date for Leeds. his father, who was returned f r both Leeds and Midlothian. having decided to accepoot the latter election. GERMANY. Losoow. ApDrl 7.-A dispatch to Reuter's Tel egrawi Company from Berlin, says: In par liarnntary circles it is consldered certain that the Bundesrath will reconslder the bill passed by that body imposing imperial stamp duties, and agree with the views of Prince Bismarck. The decision of the Emperor with regard to the latter's resignation has not yet been made known. A Berlln dispatch says the Bundesrath passed the stamp law, but with certain modifications. These were not agreeable to Bismarck,. and he sent his resignation to the Emperor, who re fused to aecept it. using the word "never." Bls marck again gent in his resignation, saying the. vote in the Bundesrath was not the sole grc und for his action. but that his health was such that he considered it necessary to with draw from public life. Blsmarok will confer with the Emperor to-day. The popular opin ion is that he will remain in office. A Berlin correspondent of the Times tele graphs that the resignation of Prince Bismarck created excitement there, which oversuadowed the interest taken in the English elections. Upon second thought. however, the alarm which the annoIncement occasioned subsided in a great measure, it being the general convi tion teat Prince Bismarck would not actually retire and leave so much important work un finished. His threat to do so is regarded as an attempt to bring about certain changes in the federal council. The correspondent says: "The Chancellor. probably, does not care whether the proposed receipt stamp tax is adopted or not, but its rejection affords him a convenient opportunity to alter the state of things In the Federal Council. which has long annoyed him. Nor can it be doubted that a lundamental change of the imperial constitu tion saffeting the Bandesrath s1 the real object he has at heart. Of the fifty-eight votes dis tributed among the twenty-five members of this body Prussia possesses seventeen-that Is to say, a little less than one-third of the legis lative Influence appertains to it, while her pro portion of imperial population is about five eightbs of the whole. Wha' has now happened might well occur again, and Prussia might find herself in the predicament of being outvoted on some much more momentous question than the present one by petty prlncipalities and dukedoms even when seconded by one or two kingdoms. Tfo ob viate, herefore, such an untoward contin gency Is unquestionably the aim of the Chan cellor, and it can easily be doubted that rather than part with this altogether indi vensabli prince the 8tat-s will readily consent ton rep resentation in the F.i'dral Council more In ac cordance with the prinettle by which popular doputies are sent:uo to the Rohlcstng.ito wit: In proportion to the number of inhabitants of the respective states. TURKEY. LONDON. April 7.-The Constantinople cor rasponlint, of the 7', rws says there are seigs of at now outb~reak of M.lhommedan fanatic lam in Turk,'y. IHe cites an artsl+ from a paper known to be in i utimate relations with the Grand Vizlor. which dionotunces Europe in hitter lanau'vtg as the author of the outrages Upon and oprseoutions of M.us.ulmen in East ern Roumelht. and invokes a million curses upon such "ivllization as that of Europe. The correspondeut says t'u h Janguag, ihs sure to icrtease the assosinations of Christians, which are already fritallent and unpunished. Tim Porte rtas stopped the work of Baker Pasha in Asia Minor. FRANCE. PAnt. April 7.-A dispatch to the Journal des Debats from Bt. Petersburg save: The ie turn )f a Liberal government in England is considered a serious pledge of the people for the pence for Europe. The Pays expresses the opinion that Prince Jerume Napoleon. In writing the letter with reference to the decrees against religious soioeties, committed an Irreparable mistake. It ex(claims. "If that is the Empire offered us. we rejectit with scorn." SPAIN. MADnaT. AprlL 7.-A Democratic manifesto. signed by 279 former Deputies and Senators and twenty-one journaliste. is published. It demands religious liberty, liberty of the press, of pub'ic meetings, or a-sociation and of edu cation, universal snffrae., decentralization, obligatory miiitary service for all, economy in the public servile. respect for the rights of lndividuals, improved control over flnances, assimilation of Cuba to Spain, and irremova bility of judges. RUSSIA. LoNDoN. April 7.-The Governor General of Eastern Siberia has telegraphed to St. Peters rurg that the recent invaders of the Amoor re gion were not!Chtnese troop.,but irregular Tar tars without authority of the Chinese govern ment. They were unsuccessful in their at tempt to cross the Amoor river.. The Affairs of the Selma, Rome and Dal ton Rallroad. NEW YORK. April 7.-At a meeting of the directors and large holuers of the first and second mortgage bonds of the SHtlma, Rome sad Dalton Railroad. held here this evening. it was decided to organize for the purchase of all leasses of securities of the road. The Farmers' Loan and Trust Company of New York was appointed transfer agent for the stock. The meeting agreed that an appeal should be taken from the recent decision of the State Court of Alabama to the United States Supreme Court. An Appeal to the Eplseopallans of the Country. Niw YoaK. Anril 7.-Am Dppeal to the mem bers of the Protestant Episcopal Church throughout the country for the sum of $280,0o,o to endow a genet al theological seminary in this city has been issued by the committee charged with the duty of ecouring an additional endow mrent. The appeal sets forth that the seminary has educated more than a score of blshops, and more than 1200 clergymen. representing every dliocese anrd every school of thought in the chb.rch. The committee wishes to endow the ofmlee of dean and four professorships ln the sum of io0,000 each. Texas Criminal Matters. GAvIveTON, April 7.-The News publishes the foll winga s.eials: Erw,N. Aprti 6.-Last night unknown parties entered the house of J. O. Smith and shot and killed a negaro who was sleeping in the kit,:hen. CHAPII'I HILL, April 6.-In a quarrel last night blows pI n5ed between George Routh and G(eorge Parater. Routh left and soon returned with a pistol. and shot Palster in the left side. Wound serious. DALLAS, Tex.. April 7.-Ben Collin. a brakes man on too Texas Pacific. was shot just as the freight train started. Two negroes are sus pected. In an aRnrcation near Farmnr's Branch yes terday Edward Derben attempted to cut John Record with a knife, which was wrenched from his hand by a man named Thomas. Derhen armed himself and sought Thomas, who was working with his wilfe n acorn field. She rushed b tween them, and, on refusing to get out of the way, was shot in the abdomen, Der ben escapeu. A Ship Abandoned at Sea. PRnILADgPIuiA, April 7.-The Norweglan ship Weassonar, OUtit. Hatuer. from Pen scolsa. with pitch pine Il on[mer for Grange Mouth. was aban doned in a sinking condition March 28, In lt.i tude 44degrees 23 minutes, longitu de :i. de grees 50 minutes, having encountered a severe soulthwe-t gale March 21. which carried away the fire and main masts, swept the d, eks and cRuised the ship to leak. The crew were taken off by the se'ennistip Annin at this port to.dt, y. from Middlesborough, saving nothing but what they stood In. A Schooner ireaking Ulp. NEw YonK, Aorli 7.-The schooner Ralph Howes. from Wilmington. N. C.. for Boston,. adhoreat East IlUmptoI. L. I.. is breaking up. A portion of her cargo has beeon driven to sea; the balanceois strewn along the beach in a dam aeod aondlties.ont.Cat. Gatchell has concluded tostrip the vessel and secure what cargo he can for the benefilt of all concerned. Gen. Grant's Visit to Memphis. McMPnrs. April 7.-Gen. Grant will reach Momerpni earlier than was expected. Be tele wraphs fromn New Orleans to-day, as follows: "I will go to Memobis by rail from Vlcksburg. arriving on the thirteenth, and remain over night." -0. The O'Leary Walking Match. NEW YORK. April 7.-In the walking match the icore at 12 o,'lock was: Hart 27o. Dobler 268, P-gram 249. IHoward 238, Allen 23.. Merritt 233. Krohne 217. Hanwaker 202. McIntyre 196. Jaybee 110. AN ELEGANT ENTERTAINMENT. Hon. James H. Cosgrove, Representative from Natchitoches, and editor of that sterling newspaper, the Vindicator, gave a compli mentary dinner last evening, at Victor's restaurant, to the representatives of the city press who have reported the proceedings of the House during the present session of the General Assembly. The entertainment was one of the most elegant of the season. In addition to the host and the members of the press there were present: Hons. R. N. Ogden, W. A. Strong, W. W. Farmer, J. 8. Billlu H. W. Ogden, R. S. Crain, M. D. Kav anagh, O. H. St. Clair, A. Atkins and Dr. George E. Glllespie, of Natchitoches. Of course with such a brilliant assemblage there was necessarily a feast of reason, as well as abundant provision for the inner man Numerous toasts were proposed and respond ed to, and the flow of wit was as unending as' the menue was appetizing and artistically prepared. The party was around the board about five hours. It would, therefore, be im possible for the reporter to attempt to print the many good things that were said. The occasion was in every sense an enjoyable one, and will remain a pleasant memory for those who were present. Victor sustained his wide reputation as a caterer and furnished additional proof of his skill and taste in the adornment of his parlors and the exquisite decorations of the table around which Mr. Cosgrove's guests gath ered. Nothing was wanting to please the eye or gratify the palate. The entertainment was truly a triumpih of the restaurateur a art, lacking nothing to its completeness and per fction. The menu, which was prefixed with the "Compliments of J. H. Cosgrove to his friends, New Orleans, Wednesday, April 7, 1880," is appended: MENU. Potages-Tortue. consomme a la Calbert. Sherry wine. Hors 'cEuvres-Celerl, olives, buisson d'ecre visses. mayonnaise do cravett-s. P,,isson-Brolled pompano a la maitre d'ho tol, soft shell crtabs. Chateau ittenasee, Chablis. Entroes-Plgoons a la Monglas, cotelettes do mouton a 1I jurdiniore. Cantenac. Uhateau Kirwan. Legumes-Choux-flours au gratin. artlchaux bart.ould. Roti --Filet de truf a la Chataubriant. Salade-Bouche Ills, chamon:gne. Entremete-Omelette soumfll.e. DIsseR t- Gateaux essortts, biscuits glaces. Frutr--Poummes. tbaanae. orangea. straw berries. Cute et cognac. THE DELEGATES FROM WINN. At a mass meeting of the Democrats of Wlnn parish, held at Winnfleld March 24, the following gentlemen were elected delegates to the State Convention to be held in this city on the twelfth instant: Hon. W. A. Strong John M. Jones, Dr. John F. Kelly and E. T: Shumake. A Noise Quletina Apparatus. (Washington Letter.] Col. Frank E. Howe has been hailed as a public benefactor at Norfolk for having In troduced there "Shaw's Noise Quieting Muf tier," which has also found great favor at the Navy Department here. The common coun cil of Norfolk have publicly voted him thanks for having introduced the "Muffler," and thus (to quote from the resolution) "abated a nuisance by preventing the noise resulting from the steam exhausts of our compress companies, which during the cot ton season have so annoyed our citizens day and night." The mayor of Norfalk has also thanked Col. Howe, and the leading mer chants have signed a card, saying that he has delivered the locality from a great nuisance. Senatorial ecandals. [St. Louis Times ] The day before yesterday Jessie Raymond, with her boy in her arms, sat in the Senate gallery and watched Senator Hill, who sat in his chair with his grandson on his knee. In another part of the ladies' gallery was Miss Lucy Horton, who put a bullet in the shoul der of Senator Morgan's son a few weeks ago, and that hapless young man was reclining on a sofa in the Senate Chamber in plain view. If old Christiancy with a broomstick, and Sprague with a shotgun, had been there, the domestic reunion would have been com plete. The immense importance of purity of the air is shown by the fact that from 1000 to 2000 gallons of air are daily brought into contact with the blood in the lungs, and that the whole of the blood of the body is thus presented to the air about a thousand times every day. THE CREVASSE. Progress of the Work of the Board of State Engineers. Endeaving to Avert a Disaster Which Would Equal, at Least, the Mis fortune of 1858. A representative of the DeMOoRAT yesterday visited the crevasse in the levees of Jefferson parish opposite the upper portion of this city, known now under the name of the Bharpe Ore vasso. In presenting his report of this abnormal and disastrous t filueot of the Misisippiol river, the reporter must apologJze to the readers of the DEMOCRAT fcr again presenting substan tlally matter which has already appeared in the columns of thls paper. It Is necessary, how ever, so to do to show the progress already made in closing this dangerous breach, and to depict the disaster deoendent upon a failure to rebuild the broken levee In the locality desig nated. On Saturday last the width of the Sharvo cre vasee was measured by memrnbers of TIHE MItRItII'PI RIVER COMMISSION, and the results of the measurew ents summar ized by Mcijor Hiarrod. member of the commis sion from this State. On that day from nearest land to land of the broken levee the distance was sixty-three feet. the greatest depth of the central current was found to be twenty feet and the minimum average depth estitmnted by our ex-chief engineer twelve feet. On Monday last the tabrasion and attrition of the crevasse cur rent had cut away the ends of the ruptured levee and increased the width of the breach to about seventy-five feet. where it has since re mained. THE OURBENT VELtOCITY. as measured by the DEaMOC(AT representative, was yesterday a little over ten feet per second, The volume of water therein entering was.there fore. 9000 cubic feet, or 05,000 gallons per second. In five seconds its supply was sufeioent to sub merge one acre of level land (with no waste outlets) to the depth of one foot. or to sink in twenty-four hours twelve nlches under water a tract of level land measuring a little more than 17.900 acres. or twenty-pix -square miles of country. provided there was no egreos for the waters from this country. Fortunately there are numerous drains for this enormous supply of crevasse water to find its way to the sea without effecting more than local damage. THS PRINCIPAL DRAIN IS the Bayou Barrataria, thence through des Oles into Lake Balvador, and' thence into Bayou des Allemands. the Lafourohe and other large streams. Lower down Bayou Barrataria would discharge a portion of the surplus water through the bayous Du Pout and St. Dennis. which flow from it respectively, eighteen and thirty miles below darvey's canal. Apart from its local damage, the next planta tions which would be affeeted by the waters 4f this crevasse, were it left open, are the Belle Chasse, Bt,. Anne, Concession and Ooncord. which are from seventeen to twenty-three miles below the city as the river flows, and from six to seven miles distant from (retna as the crow flies. The first and third of these, in Plaque mines parish, are owned or leased by Jesse K. Boss. Esq. and Thompson & Co.. refiners, of this city. They rank among 'he finest estates in Louisiana, and enjoy the enviable distinction of being classed as ' thousand hogaheads plan tations " It is doubtful if it be a matter of interest, but according to the formula of Gen. Barnard. Gen. Bllut. Humphries and Abbot, and other eminent hydraulic engineers and authorities on the Mississippi river, the Bharme crevasse is daily depositing upon THE DELTA 80IL OF LOUISIANA 259.200 cubic feet of dry earth, or earth that will be dry after the Mississlippi river falls below the level of the delta lands, or enough sediment every day to make soil one foot deep on six acres of land. To repeat what has already been partially explained before, the crt va.se Is a break of about seventy-five feet in width and twelve feet in depth, through one of the fleest levees in Louislitana-a levee about ten feet high with sixty or seventy feet base. An Intact portion of AN OLD LEVEE (now rendered mre Intact by Mr. Boss. of Bellechasse, closing the most important adja cent break in It) it parallel with the new and broken levee at a distance of 00oo feet. Below the mouth of the crevasse, about one-third of a mile. the old levee has ben washed away or caved in tor several acres. Above the mouth of the crevasse, about two hundred yards, the old levee has gone; but a hbattur, or sand bank has formed, over which the water now has an average depth of about one foot. In the Inter venintg epace between the old and the new levees. immediately in front of theo crevasse, the water has an average depth of six feet. The water immediately behind the crevasse in the public road is about two feet in depth. On either side of the track, about 150 feet dis tant. A WIN0 DAM is being built from the new to the old levee. T.ost- h-ve tllabhtly convex ou'tP urfaczt. and are about coo If et long. Of course, as we have shown by depictlng the present formation or status of the old levee, the great volume of water comes Into the crevasse from below. Hence the lower wing dam Is the fl.st b ing constructed The machine piling on both these dams has been driven, and the steam Wile drivers are lying Idle near the crevasse. The machine piles are loxl0 inches. driven from fif teen to twenty feet into the ground. The width of the dame are. from outside of pile to out side, about eight feet, and the distance between the piles from centre to centre seven feet. A double row of 4x4 scantling is then nailed along the sides of the machine piles from one end lot the dam to the other: then, between the steam piling 4x4 hand piles are driven at a dilsance of two inches apart. Thus the lower wing dam consists of two par allel wooden walls coo feet long and eight feet apart. Between these walls first hay is thrown. then sand bags are deposited until they rise above the surface of the water. The lower dam was completed yes terday at midday to within 200 feet of the outer levee. THE CHIEF PART OF THE WOODWORK was entirely finished and 4oo feet of the straw and earth work were done. By this morning it will probably be finished unless undersconring should occur. The upper wing dam, situated in shoal waterwill be easily made, as the piles are already driven. Col. Hardee provoses, as is customary in closing crevasses, to make a front work or glacis of sandbags on the outer side of his wing dams. to prevent underacouring and relieve the dams of the hydrostatic pressure. This pressure will of course be enormou-ly in creased when the crevasse is closed, and the wing dams will be subjected to about three times the strain that pressees against them now. The water is now about 6 feet deep on the out side of the wing dams. and 2 feet higher than that on the inside. According to the rule first established by Torricelli, and followed by engi neers of to-day, for every one foot altitude of a column of water in the atmosphere there is half a pound pressure to the equare inch on the ides of the surrounding vessel. The whole of these works. 6 o feet ling and -ix feet high. are therefore ai jected to a hydrautlc pressure of one pound to the square inch. When they are completed and there is no water on the inside. there will s'ill be 6 feet on the outside. The lower works will then therefore be subjected to the enormous pressure of three pounds to the s'uare Inch. Let the reader make the calculation and be will be astounded to find the almost sunernal force an engineer who has to close an energetic crevasse has to contend against. Col. Hardee. of course, appreciates the above stated fact, and is making preparati ,ns accord fnaly to meet the increased pressure from with out when the flow shall have teen stopped Vithin. The chief engineer stated to our rep resentative yesterday that the outer reinforce. maet of sandbeas should be placed in potloft before the breach wak vermanently closed. This will probably be effeeted within t!be next five days. The column of water running in has already been lowered over twenty-four inches, and will probablyrbo reduced by four feet this morning. The Htate en ginrer have apparently re duced the probability of its being closed to an a~holn.e certainty. In lass a crevasso,which commeneed in much the same way and in the same lneality as the Sharpe crevasse, destroyed lu advance nearl so 000 hogsheads of sugar and s5 000 barrels o3 rice In four parlsheo, besides renlderlng thou. sands of people absolutely homeless. The following was received yesterday by the Governor from Col. T. 8. Hardse: aCxvASSt, April 7,.1880 Gov. L A. Wilt: April Worked all night, but met with snme reverses, cau'ed by a few big loge which floated against ur crib works and deeponed the channel in two pia es to flfteen feet. The repair of these p'aces caused copliderable delay iu t h rogress of the sand bag filling. but they have both beel succesrfully closed, and this gives me hopo tha' wet can cone with additional dlmcfflltles. The critical time is now upon us, aund we concentrating every available taen and saoil anoe to the work. If we mnoit with no now diff culties will close it in a tre hours. T. 8 IIARDIIE. TilE JEWET'F B)OO,. Newspaper Opinions Concerning the Candi. dature of Hon. Hugh J. Jewett-A Man Who Can Unite the Party in New York and Carry Ohio, Conneo ticut, New Jersey and Indiana. We present below brief excerpts, taken at random from the press of the various States, showing the extent anli character or the pro posed preslde'ntial candidature of Hon. Hugh J. Jewett, of Ohio. We have not space for even a reference to, let alone extracts from, all the articles that reach us on the subject. The following will, however, serve to give the reader an idea of the magnitude of the Jewett "boom," so-called, In some parts of the noun'0 ' try: Rochester (N. Y.) Union If the Demooratie party in its wisdom shall unite upon Mr. Jewett for the highest offloe in the gift of the American people we have no doubt he would. be triumphantly elected. The Union has no enemies to punish within the DemooraMe party, and, therefore, It wIshee the Je~w, "boom" the highest success. He ais a.etl e man of the true Democratic school, and his election to the Presidency would be alike honorable to him and beneficial to his party and the country. New York Times (Washington correspon,-.. ence): Remarking upon the activity .nd triumph of the Ohio Democrats in seoli .i the national convention for Cincinnatl, thi showed a strong desire to carry on the gm - palgn with new material, and that, oonsiei able quiet work has been done by these mes for Mr. Jewett. Rochester (N. Y.) Union: If the Rep.. i I!cans should have the temerity to nomihle at Chicago the most prominent of their sepl.. ants, the "man on horsback," U. 8. GraUt, and the Democratic conventio4 ebhowui,4 00 pose him with Hugh J. Jewett, the resultlK a Democratic victory In November,. . . teach inquiring minds who Mr. Jewett i. . Wyoming (N. Y.) Democras: Duringo a n is East the past week we found In Alt well as New York, the strongest poý sentiment favorable to Hon. H. J. Jewett tS . the Presidency. This does not proceed one or another faction; rather from the that a public man, who several times been called to rescue bankrupt and corporations, is just the man to ri country of rotten Indian wars, paper routes and the hordes of disreputable s who have fastened themselves on the varioe departments. Rochester (N. Y.) Union: Mr. Jewett was called to the charge of the great property In. the Erie road when it was sinking into bank. ruptcy and ruin. He was called because his extraordinary ability as a financier general business man; and it is as such, an4 not as a speculator and corporatlonist Scott, and Garrett, and Vanderbilt, a Gould and the rest that he has been and is it the head of the Erie management, which has been a marvel of success In his hands. Zanesville mourier: The nomination of M . Jewett would bring every Democrat in Ohio to his feet. The campaign of 1880 would only be equaled in zeal and enthusiasm by the campaign of 1840. The I)emocracy might elect Mr. Jewett; they can't elect any other prominent Democrat in the Union. New York Commercial Advertiser: Itis re ported that the friends of the Hon. Hugh J. Jewett are quietly at work pushing his claims for the Democratic nomination for President. Mr. Jewett would be a new reve loI ion to the generation of Democratic voters who have attained majority since the close of the war. A candidate not a hack politician it something the mass of young Ddmoe atl. voters know nothing about. Los Angelos (Oal.) Commercial: Mr. Jewett would be as good a man as the party could furitsh . Elmira (N. Y.) (lazette: If, asais claimed by the Democratic press of Ohio add of the West generally, the candidacy of Mr. Jewett will reunite the Democracy in this State, we shall heartily join In the work of electing him, be lieving with every good Democrat that his incumbency of the White House would re store the country to good government and prosperity, and the party to unity, harmony and continued success before the people. Toledo Democrat : No better, purer or abler man than Hugh J. Jewett can be found In the United States. What a powerful ticket Jewett and Payne would be, and if the old ticket lato be dropped on account of the distracted con dition of the party In New York, no better or stronger one can be nominated. Aven Springs (Ohio) Avonsan: The nomina tion of Mr. Jewett would kindle a blaze of en thusiasm in Ohio that would at once place that State on the fairly doubtful side, with, however, a strong leaning towards the party whose standard bearer was an honored and a favored son. Zaneeville Herald: Mr. Jewett is the strongest candidate the Democrats could nominate. He would be strong witbthe peo ple of the East, and strong with the people of the West. It elected he would be the Presi dent, Bath (N. Y.) Advocate: Are we so bound up in the fortunes of Mr. John Kelly, Mr. Sam uel J. Tilden, Mr. Church or any other prom inent Democrat that we must Invite defeat by remalning the particular champion of any Democrat who cannot unite his party? Bet ter, far better, to throw them all overboard, and take a disinterested Democrat, like Hugh J. Jewett, who is every way qualified for President, forget the past, and every man and voter do his best for Democratic success. Cincinnati (bmmercial: The political and personal record of J udge Jewett is a clean one. That Is in his favor. It is also a consistent one, and that is sti l more to his advantage. He is one of those men, we think, who, with Henry Clay, would rather be right than be President. Ianoeek a Dashina Candidate. iCinlonna' Enquirer.] If Hancock should be nominatel for Presi dent, and should display as much dash In politics as he did in war, by comparison Blaine's plume would look like a barn-yard rooster's feather on a rainy day.