vma imicooas Dom
bill one day I London'eity,
saw a4a that railtd my pity.
wtetOh our. all skif and bone.
h1t 1 , he autter crawled alons:
d In hts mouth (I smiled at that)
eeld ar old and orowoless hat.
Sulok and deferential eye,
.tObed the bustling passers-by.
ohmi their haste, as on they fared.
Or at a alanoe at him nor cared.
t some. when they had passed some paces.
old ealt with grins upon their faces;
is story was so ilain Indeed,
clear that he who ran might real:
beagar's drog-lit muster deNd
hbeast still carries on the trade.
Owrstsa by diligenceo and .oWncare.
hOe pbrilic patronage to share."
sa.tered on: but. as I went,
bo ts upon that dos were bent.
lo " Itsal d in meda ioni.
Sforce of custom. edueation;
d though we liuah at him- ei's oad
1Ome human plans ere to pln as iad.
W manytchoevm in in ahis onm i town
e mernly hats withwult the crown;
ays Indirect, ut mosat complete,
tossing money on the street" J
OLIO NO. 13.
lmeatures and Conciliation.
iST Bs. M. H. w HITAKER, AUrTHOR oI "AL
.a ltures, as employed in facial expression,
"-rtailly do produce a wonderful effect, either
In onciliating regard or in awaking prejudloe.
Without at all adopting Lavater's spealous
theory in reference to physiognomy, we yet
believe that every man has a conception of
his own, and those features most accordant
with this conception become to his eye its
tangible development. Thus, without being
aware of the tact, his taste masters judgment,
and he believes the representation of that
taste something perfect; hiseldeal lives before
him; he is both gratified and enthralled. If
ngle, he becomes a lover; if already bound
t In the silken ties of matrimony, a friend.
SUtih Is the waywardness of human opinion
and feeling that it Is quite Idle to combat
latent predilectlons, thus made tangible. Were
it otherwise, every eye, to use a homely
adage, would make its own beauty-rivalry
would necessarily ensue, and society be
thrown Into confusion. We hear one classe of
physlognomists declare that a broad and open
brow lndicates intellect and nobility of char
-.aeter; another class, with equal pertinaioty,
deolares that a forehead, low and heavy
browed is the mark of well-developed charac
ter, and most consonant with a high style of
"ommanding beauty. Some aver that thin
andI compressed lips Indicates firmness and
slaoerity of purpose; while their opponents
ay that such forming a mouth betray avarice
and a penurious disposition.
The aquiline nose, its admirers tell us, re
'veals aspiring alms, a soaring ambition and
detestation of littleness in thought or prac
tic; per contra, ts defamers are certain that
ibsed, gives warning of vulture-like cruelty
and unsparing rapacity. The eyes of Pallas
w..roe crean, and war's triumphant maid,
beside her agle, is always celebrated for
Seame heaven-hued eyes. But the rat
most deadly and subtle of animated
le proverbially known by his blue
and s ting eye. Mere color, in this most
ntle Ifeature of the human countenance,
r all, amounts to but little, though oat
cunning is for the most part ascr bed to
t possessors of yellowish eyes, but the
M .orbs of that kingly beast, the lion, are
te a spirit of deliance looks out Irom
eat his shaggy brows. A bold chin and
avyunderJaw are saiold to mark the relent
S Ind indomitable man or woman, while
Ines of that first named faceal founds
supposed to shadow forth weakness of
,, rlve and low cunning. For our own part,
combined whole makes its impression
with'os especiall regard to any of its com
t iqg liaments.
-E-le onv 1is decidedly a main charactersltic
of human beauty; where features so accord
In their general expression as to leave a pleae
ant effect on the beholder we are apt to con
elude that the soul's loveliness is written on
Its map-theoountenance. That it is bitterly
UDnjust to judge ill of people because their as
potamay not chance to agree with our pre
.onoeltead potions, experience daily Informs
us., One of the best lessons ever placed before
hildish consideration long ago, was that
'shad by Miss Elaeworth in her history of
'Mrs. Binohbonnet." Still more ridictoulous
Is the habit of gauging people by their dress,
whlich so largely obtains amongst snobs, par
'Vesues and other upstarts, whose emptiness
within can best appreciate outside ornament.
Conclliation in acts, conversation and writ
Ing cannot be too assiduously cultivated.
"The essence of all line breeding," says Bul
wer, "is conciliation," and, we may add, the
spirit of religion inculcates it. A combative
temper evinces itself in every variety of man
oer. It Is argues-eyed, and discharges its
polsoned shafts against any object which is
The jester, while to all appearance good
Sstured, is selfish and malicious at heart.
,fs sim being to display power-though it be
In a small way-he pounces remorselessly on
every careless word, and proves his own
acuteness by making others ridiculous, at
whatever expense of injured feeling on their
part. As his victims sink he rises. Their
mortifloation is his triumphl. But he is, after
all, only a summer-winged insect, liable at
any m ment to be brushed away and de
stroyed by the strong hand of common sense.
Be /rus naturally into insigniloanuce, becom
ing in due time "played out," as vulgarians
byve it, The jester is offresive, not concilia
tory, and seldom a respecter of dignity; neith
th does friendship secure immunity from his
The dogmatist may be able and learned,
but hisemotion becomes a formidable rock of
offense, and his ability only serves to make
him disliked, when, these are employed to
awsve purposes of opposition. His mission is,
seemingly the detection of mistakes and con
-n punishment of those guilty of any
ht.errorormisstatement proceeding from
--tnt of accuracy or failure of memory, Hsl
denunciations are harsh, his manner over
bearing, and he becomes the terror of any so
-Olai circle, which would otherwise admire his
Superiority (supposing him really superior
which he seldom is), did he not attempt to
awe others into fear, which generally grows
Into aversion, such awe having been estab
Silshd. The oonsequenoe unavoidably ensues.
Be eis voted a savage !
'.here is a certain slumbering might in
almness not understood by vehement peo
l'le. The ancients comprehended it well.
-. an.t storms accustom us to elemental
strife in the physical world. A native of the
tropi.c Sees undismayed the sweep of the
. Bumbling thunder and blinding
ssleping through heaven's concave are
but common things to him; use makes them
o; yet hoW powerfully do they effect the un
.,l atedl Astorm of words, high excitement
tend cutting irony serve useful purposes when
'iome important occasion demands them;
w·bhenl justice and truth call loudly for help in
"`te brach where error is fighting its way de
termined to enter, Let all these be reserved
~-orsuch an emergency. Till then let them
- mber llke the tires of Etna ere her terd
Mie volcano pours out cinders. red-hot stones
and lava. Let the orator keep his fire, ear
e.em, wit, combativeness and logic for some
_teat Opportunity. Let him not waste in
yh .d hborly skirmishes the momentum
Sshould be held In readiness for a grand
:.nd important oocasion.
SBy conciliation we do not mean flattery,
whclh is base and mean at the best. A noble
Uature despses It, and could never be guailty
of offering anything so detestable at the
hrine of vanity. Truth is not flattery, and
Coti never be confounded with it. The same
virtue which honestl praises, will honestl
but covtaerm .t I
rarotede~er' ~jI te 15511 iouleer e~Bi l
ser Impap r its noble stooerity. Persuaslon
was reprsented by the Greeks orowned and
how racstUll did they, with Inlimitalhble sym
bolism, body orth a11 things high and love
able. Let us not despise un.Ohristian an
tiquity. Let us rather learn lessons of wis
dom from its traditional and practioal teach
conclliation be necessary In society,
where it forms the charm of conversation,
how vastly more important is it to the writer
who addresses the world, seekling entrance
to its great heart, Goldsmith, Addison and
Irving were true artists in this regard. Who
do(ta not love either one of that elegant and
genial trio far better than Swift or Thack
eray? In a word, conciliation is amiability
and charity combined. It is a beautiful and
beneficent union, particularly becoming in
woman, though Incomprehensible to Mrs.
Stowe. Conciliatory acts bring us at once to
a divine injunction-"'Do to others as ye
would that they should do unto you."
This sums up the whole matter and leaves
us at onoe informed what our duty is, with
out argument or waste of words.
TUE FRENlCH WITS.
Rene sternly reproaches Nana for having
jilted him. With no less gentleness Nana an
swers: "What would you, mon ami? You
know I am already engaged to Paul, Jean
Charles, Alphonse, and Henril" "We could
crowd a little," insisted the aspirant, hum
"We men of the bourse," said a Paris stock
broker to his friend, "are much calumniated.
I have now been at the bourse for more than
ten years, and I never knew but two rascals
who amounted to anything," "And who is
the other?" asked the friend.
Last October, X, an old merchant, seht his
nephew Alfred to school at Paris. Before his
departure he gave him a law book which he
wished him to study thoroughly, and said:
"I shall see you in March, and If I am sat
isfied with your progress, you shall be hand
At the time mentioned the old merchant
visited his nephew.
"Well, my boy, have you been hard at
"Oh yes," returned Alfred.
"Well, then, you have had your promised
"Pardon, uncle, but I have received noth
'Bring me your book."
The book was brought. X opened it, and
showed his stupefied nephew a bank note for
500 francs which he had placed between some
of the first pages, and which he now restored
to his pocket.
At the Tuileries:
A little girl, chatting with another, says, in
the most serious way in the world:
"We are poor and shall never lind husbands
but as we are pretty we shall have plenty of
Meeting a tenacious creditor face to face Is
unpleasant, particularly if the creditor is on
horseback and you are on foot.
Such, the other morning, was the case of
poor Saint Frusquln.
The untortnnate Saint Frusquin, however,
did not lose his self-posseaslon.
"Ah I a beautiful animal a beautiful ani
mal I" he exclaimed as he patted the horse
on the neck.
"A mare, I have just purchased."
"Yes, I know. I heard about her. She is
superb I But X. tells me she is a poor travo- I
"A poor traveler! Hold on! Just' look."
And clapping spurs he put the mare to her
It didn't take St. Frusquin long to dodge
around the nearest street corner.
A zealous missionary, consigned to the
wilds of Africa, preached to the poor heathen
so successfully that he converted multitudes
of them every day.
Unfortunately, however, a famine came
upon the land, and the zealous missionary, as
bad luck would have it, chanced to be fat. In
short, he was put upon the spit.
At the instant when the boss cannibal was
about to carve the roast, and when everybody I
squatted around and smacked his lips for a I
slice, one of the savages exclaimed:
"'To-day is Friday I"
Thereupon the chief dropped his knife and
said, with a sigh:
"F'ellow-cannibals, we will have him to
And these religious devotees dispersed, with
empty stomachs and hungry faces.
There has Just been enacted near Salonica
a drama, the hero of which is a colonel who
was captured by brigands, and held until an
enormous ransom was paid for his release.
This recalls the case of a Greek officer who
was taken captive under precisely similar
circumstances. While in the hands of the
bandits he wrote to his wife, saying :
"My ransom is 1000 drachmas. If it is not
paid by the fifteenth my captors will cut off
my nose, the sixteenth my ears, the seven
teenth my upper lip, the eighteenth my lower
lip, the nineteenth death awaits me."
The weeping wife set about raising the a
money; but the fifteenth she had raised only
800 drachmas; the sixteenth, 400; the seven- I
teenth, 600. She had only secured the 1000 on
Then the agonized woman, reflecting. said I
to her neighbor:
"My husband must be a frightful sight by 1
this time. I shall save my 1000 drachmas for
a second marriage with a whole man.
[From the New York Times.)
Charles Reade, for an author of his reputa
tion, has managed better than most writers to
keep the knowledge of his personal life from
the public. Very little is known about him,
and yet, in the number and virility of his
works, he is one of the foremost writers of
the day. Like Dickens, he delights to take
up subjects which lead to reform, and have
noise in them, and has apparently been indlf
ferent as to the opinion the public might have
of him. He was born in 1814, and was gradu
ated at Magdalen College, Oxford some
twenty years later. He Is said to be very
fond of his old college, where he had a Fel
lawship. In 1843 he was called to the bar,
at Lincoln's Inn, and thence passed into the
field of authorship. In his books two points
crop out very sharply; one is his pronounced
opinion as an anti-Malthusian, the other his
profound contempt for the art of govern
ment as understood in these days. He has
none of the qualities of an orator or a popu
lar tribune, but this does not prevent his
being ambitious. He talks very much as
he writes, and is strong in the belief that his
books will live. He usually names his own
terms to editors, and has what he asks. For
a story in the Cornhill he was paid at the
rate of three guineas a page. with the abso
lute right of reproduction. His earliest lit
erary work, dated 1852, "Masks and Faces,"
was a comedy; his first novel, "Peg Wofing
ton," appeared in 1853, and his authorship
has alternated every year between the two
up to the present date. He is now in his
sixty-sixth year, and looks like a middle
aged French gehtlemen. He has a bright
face, a strong, vigorous glance of the eye,
and wears a!full beard. His head Is slightly
bald. He dresses strictly in the conventional
style. His latest work is the adaptation of
M. Z )la's "L'Assommoir" for the English
theatre, and is entitled "Drink."
The Greatest Bleasaing.
A simple, pure, harmless remedy that cures
every time, and prevents disease by keeping
the blood pure, stomach regular, kidneys and
liver active, is the greatest blessing ever con
ferred upon man. Hop Bitters is that remedy,
and its proprietors are being blessed by thou
sands who have been saved and cured by it.
Will you try it ? See another column.
The Stewart Cathedral, at Garden City,
Long Island, N. Y., is rapidly nearing com
pletion. The crypt, built as a last resting
place for the body of Mr. Stewart, is nearly
ninished, having cost about $90,000, and there
is an impression in Garden City that the body
of the dead merchant will be deposited in the
crypt some timeduring April, when the dedi
cation of the edifice by Bishop Littlejohn is
expected to take. place. Work on the Memo
rtal School is also goIng on rapidly. The
foundation of Bishop ttleohn residene
south of the cathedral, har been completed,
and thether work .o
The Necessity for Taste In the Ar
rangement of the Coiffure.
Fashionable Conceits in Button-
Ready-Made Personal Linen -
Woolens for Spring and Sum
mer Wear-Minor Fash
Taste is properly under law, as well as man
ners and morals, and should be able, If
pressed, to give good reasons for its decisions.
That many of Its most authoritative Judg
ments come from native instinct rather than
rule or reason does not impair its potency.
We only contend that the feeling of beauty
and fitness must be manifested.
In no department of the toilette is this ne
oessity for taste more manifest than In that
of the couffure, where pleasing effects rest en
tirely upon the successful adaptation of styles
to individuals. It is quite impossible to give
general rules for hair dressing, but sugges
tions may be of service to those whose ideas
have not taken definite form, but are reach
ing out toward some graceful expression.
Long faces usually require the hair to be
simply parted above the forehead, and ar
kanged at the back below the crown of the
head, to avoid giving an appearance of ex
cessive length to the face. Broad, short faces
and irregular features find the most becom
ing arrangement in puffs and curls and artis
tic tangles on the crown of the head, and in
the simplest possible disposition of the back
hair. The rare, classic face may safely trust
its grace to a regularly waved front, with
shadings about the forehead, and a Grecian
coill at the back, relying upon its own contour
Young ladies seem nowadays to realize the
value of their hair, and increasing care is
given to its preservation. The devastation
that was at one time wrought with hot irons
and curling tongs has been arrested in great
measure, and the instruments of destruction
replaced by others comparatively harmless.
A very general and pleasing style of coiffure
has been adopted among young ladies of
taking all the hair back from the face a la
Chinois. The hair is first waved and then
lightly drawn back over a cushion roll, which I
is made by combing a portion of the hair
from the end toward the roots. The hair, be
ing massed at the crown of the head, is braid
ed singly or doubly, as preferred, and carried
around the sides in such a way as not to be
seen from the front.
Curls have been very generally revived dur
ing the past few months, and most of the
dressy coiffures show more or less this '
charming arrangement. Puffs and curls may
be very showily mingled, anti yet an appear
ance of simplicity preserved. The art whose 1
charm lay in its successful imitation of
chance has no better field for display than a I
girl's fair head. The rather eccentric direo
toire style, in which the forehead is almost
concealed by overhanging hair, andthe ple
turesque Lamballe, all waves and half-curled
curls, are among the most popular and be
Large beads are again in vogue as orna
ments for the hair, and pearls are in especial
favor with the dark-haired. Flowers are
usually worn with toilettes that have floral
trimmings. but then flowers are never out of
One of the pretty little fancies of the hour
is a new silk tissue for veiling, which has a
border in colored jardinioere designs. Another
style shows solid colors, with borders of
striped satin in contrasting shades.
Buttons continue to occupy places of honor
in fashionable estimation, and really the a
grace of design and perfection of workman- 5
ship expended upon them warrant enthusi- a
asem. ashmere buttons, in which all the I
gay dyes of the east are mingled In delicious
disorder, are probably the favorite style, al
though the more fastidious taste may prefer o
antique designs. One of these represents two a
figures claseically attired, one of whom holds d
an apple in her hand. Whether it is the c
mother of mankind or the mother of the pas- o
sion that rules mankind, and whether the ap
ple be the moral or mythological frult,cannot
be determined by the style or the amount of
toilette. Other designs, less equivocal and c1
quite as beautiful, abound in the fancy stores.
Indeed, the keen-eyed shopper can scarcely f
fall to find the precise bit of brilliancy that r
she needs to complete a perfect costume c
among the countless varieties offered. 11
The clinging quality of the new spring tex- c
tiles makes crinoline or hoop-skirts indispen- r
sable. The new hoops are small in dimen- r
slons, and artistic in shape, and are so skill- v
fully constructed that they merely serve to Ii
display pretty ideas in drapery. A little art s
is necessary in the management of the small- Ii
eat hoop-skirt; but that art is Inborn in most I
women, and can be acquired by the most in- a
apt with a very little practice. I
Within a few years past ready-made per- a
sonal linen has become a department of great
importance in trade, and of convenience to c
customers. Luxurlous and extravagant fan- ,
cies are ministered to as readily as the plain t
and cheaper necessities of the ordinary buyer, h
The style of dress worn of late years has ne- t
cessltated a corresponding cut in underwear, a
and those who were bewildered by the new f
shapes have found their perplexitlie solved a
for them by knowing and trained hands.
Garments of all descriptions may be made to
order in any quality of cotton or linen de
sired, measures being taken and a comfortable a
fit guaranteed. Many a weary, overtasked ti
woman has found in this beneficent arrange
ment the leisure for rest, or recreation, or
self-improvement that every human creature o
needs. The necessity for adapting prices to
attenuated purses has compelled merchants f,
to dllpose of ready-made underwear at such
low figures that one reflects with much anx
lety upon the amount of remunerationl be- r
stowedI upon the sewer of all those tiny
stitches. It would be sweet to believe that
all labor in this life is valued at its true
worth and rewarded in kind accordingly, and
that all this beauty of outward adorning had
not elsewhere a hideous reverse. But there
is a right and a wrong side to everything on
earth just now, and we must be content in the
hope that the growloing intelligence and pht
lanthropy of the world will some day make
both sides right.
The light woolens for spring and summer
wear are as numerous as the bees of liybla,
and as beautiful and varied as the flowers
they fed upon. Among those which promise
to attain the greatest popularity are the
polka-dotted buntings and challies. Bunt
ings are now shown in soft pliant qualities;
the wiry, unmanageable material first known
by that name having given place to the newer
and better fabric. The polka dot, though
rather bold and pronounced as a design, is
the leading feature in new woolen goods.
These "show mingled colors," so the im
porters say, but nobody has ever yet seen a
specimen combining more than two, that of
the ground and that of the dot. Cream-white
with black dots, pearl-white with blue dots,
pale blue with olive dots, ecru with brown
dots, are a fewof the almost endless combina
tions of distinct colors. To counteract the
stiffness of set figures the polka dots are
not arranged with the old geometric accuracy,
but are sprinkled about just as rain-drops
fall, here a shower and there a single one.
These buntings are combined with those of a
monotone in entire suits, the skirts made
of the plain material and the overdress of
the figured. The plain bunting usually
matches the ground shade; but beautiful
samples are shown in which it agrees with
the darker dotof the figured goods. A beau
tiful combination of plain white bunting for
a skirt, and white, dotted with black for an
overdress, is shown for a young lady. An
other lovely oostumpe i a skirt of Dlain blue,
under an overdress of, blue dotted with olive.
In te beBt quaipes ad. Vgasse wldtbs,.
USine bM" a40, am
asity assure us that the ooareer anualities
are most durable and presentable after long
service. For shopping and business suits
they are said to be decidedly preferable,
showing less the effects of sun and shower,
dust and travel than the finer qualities.
The challles, which have been merely
named, are much in the style of polka dotted
buntings as to color and general appearance
although in quality they are lighter and
more eslky. They are shown only in flurea
and are made into dresses combined wlth
plain silk or satin. Some of the sha lles are
in pale, cool colors, and will be sufficiently
summery even in simmering August for
those who go upon mountain heights or by
the sounding sea.
For those who expect to pass the summer
in the South a great variety of washable
goods has been provided. Soft white mull,
transparent India muslin, dotted Swiss, Vic
torialawn, and the sheerest of organdies are
presented to our young ladies for selection.
rihey ought to be,and no doubt are, profoundly
grateful that fashion carries a white banner
this summer. One of the nicest of the resur
rected ideas is that of making for young girls
suits of white linen, such as is used in gentle
men's shirts. The trimming must, of course,
be of embroidered linen, or linen lace, as such
material is too thick for ruflUng.
Beautiful French lawns are shown in plain
colors of dalutiest tints. Yellow and buff are
especially noticeable in the wonderful dell
cacy of their coloring. A yellow lawn trimmed
with soft black lace and worn with yellow
roses makes, for a brunette, a distinguished
The unbleached domestic, or "cheese-cloth,"
as it is called in the North, is as popular
there as ever, but such fantastic faselons
rarely receive any encouragement in the
South. Costumes of this material are
trimmed with bandana handkerchiefs, and
while they may possibly be picturesque they
certainly are not elegant or relined. A aay
brunette may appear in such attire at a fete
champetre, and not seem Ill-costumed for the
moment. But it is not probable that freaks
of that sort will be tolerated to any extent
by Southern women. Everything new is
taken up and tried with surprising alacrity
by our enterprising Northern neighbors, but
the deliberation (not to put too fine a point
upon it) of the Southern nature takes up only
the well digested ideas of more prolific lati
tudes. This idea, thus far, it has deemed crude
and has rejected, and we can scarcely hope to
see its decision reconsidered.
... ... --- - Pc----.- -
[Under the above heading we shall here
after publish in the Sunday DEEOORAT Sea
sonable recipes for cooking, etc., and will be
pleased to receive from our lady readers such
practical suggestions on the subject as they
may see lit to offer.j
8pongle ('ekc.--Four eggs, one cup sugar,
one cup flour.
(orn Bredl.-One pint yeast, one pint hot
water, one cup molasses. As soon as light,
Lindoln Coke.--Two eggs, two cups sugar,
one-half cup butter, one cup milk, one-half
teaspoonful soda, one teaspoonful cream tar
tar, three cups flour; flavor.
Chocolate (.'aranels.--One cup sugar one
cup molasses, one cup chocolate, one-half cup
milk, a piece of butter size of an egg; add
chocolate when nearly done.
Molasses Sponge Otke,.-Two cups of mo
lasses, two eggs, two tablespoonfuls of soda,
three-quarters of a cup of butter, three
nuarters of a cup of cold water, five cups of
Apples for I)essert.-Apples to eat with
cream or custard; to be eaten cold: Two
pounds fine, firm apples; pare and core them;
slice them in a pan; add one pound of loaf
sugar, juice of three lemons, rind of one
grated; boll two hours slowly, and turn into
a wet mo ld.
Milk- YFcal Lread.--Take one cupful of m ilk,
add hot water to warm the milk; mix sifted
flour to make a thin sponge; let stand over
night in a warm place; in the morning add
one-half cupful butter, and flour to suffiiolently
stiffen for bread, kneading thoroughly; fill
pans half full, and in a warm place allow the
loaves to rise to the top of the pans; bake in
a steady oven, not too hot, one hour.
Sauer. IIraul.--To the many receipts for an
old and favored dish I will add one I consider
superior to any given yet. For a family of
six, take one quart of sauer-kraut, three
pounds of brisket of beef, two large green
Ings (apples) -these must be peeled and cut
up; a few cloves, and one cupful of vinegar
or cider--put everything in a saucepan, and
give it four hours slow, but constant, boiling
or stewing; when the meat is tender, take it
out, stir the whole lightly, add a small cupful
of brown sugar, and let it simmer twenty
minutes longer; put the meat, then, on a
platter, the kraut all around it, and send to
the table. Mashed potatoes eaten with It are
Essence of Bef.--One pound of beef, free
from skin and fat, chop as fine as mince meat;
pound in a mortar, with three tablespoonsful
of water, and soak for two hours; then put
In a covered earthern jar, with a little salt,
cement the edges of the cover with pudding
paste, and tie a piece of cloth over the top;
place the jar In a pot half full of boiling
water and keep the pot on the fire for four
hours, simmering; strain off the liquid es
sence through a coarse sieve; It will be about
live or six ounces In quantity; one teaspoon
ful of cream may occasionally be added with
advantage to four ounces of the essence, or it
may be thickened with flour, arrowroot or
Beef o to Mode.-A large round of beef; In
cool weather let it hang for a week or two,
making it tender; remove the bone, reserv
ing the marrow; make a dressing of sweet
herbs, raw onions and parsley, chopped tine,
the marrow, and a quarter of a pound of suet;
add stale bread, grated, the yolks of three or
four eggs, salt, popper, nutmeg or mace, and
a little cloves; with a sharp-pointed knife
cut through the round in a dozen or two
places, and insert pieces of sweet pickled
pork or bacon; fasten compactly with skewer
and tie tape around it; cover the bottom of
the pan with slices of bacon, also the top;
place around it four onions, four carrots, four
turnips, all cut in thick slices; pour in from
one-half to one pint of water; remove the ba
con when done, and skim the gravy of the
fat as much as possible; strain it into a sauce
pan, addilng port wine and mushroom catsup
to your tastA, if you have no plckled mush
rooms; let It just boil, and serve the vege
table around thle beef.
A Royal Quarrel.
[From a St. Petersburg Letter.]
There has been another quarrel between
the Czarowitz and his Imperial father. The
Crown Prince and Gen. Loris Mellkoff hap
pened to be in one of the galleries of the Win
ter Palace, when by a secret door in the
wainscoting, the Princess D. came out of
Alexander's apartment, and was "slated like
old boots" by the Grade Duke, who, folding
his arms, told the Czarina's first lady of
honor "that you, you alone, are the cause of
all the mischief; you have tired out our
patience." The Princess screamed and took
refuge in the Emperor's room, whence the
Czar came out, a moment afterward in a tow
ering rage, and, walking up to his son, told
him that "he was entitled to his respect, if
not to his affection, and that he advised him
to be careful or he would prove it." Loris
Melikoff endeavored to pacify the Emperor,
but was silenced with a gesture from Alex
ander, who, taking the Princess by the hand,
led her to the door, and retured to his apart
ment. Russian gossip, which has been very
profuse in commentaiies on the great favor
enjoyed by the Princess for some time en
larges upon the consequences of this incident,
generally looked upon, however, as the sym
tom of a definite rupture between the present
and future of all the Russlas where all hope
is lost that the counsels of the Moderate
party will be listened to.
Trap to a WLsky still.
JThe quarters recently taken by Capt. John.
son's company of the Third Cavalry at Fort
Sanders, had been vacant for a period of two
years. While cleaning the place a trap-door
was discovered in the floor, and on removing
the same, a whisky still was foad in perfect
order. The boYs of some oompsny had been
-a s~rrco oa·IB"rarr"~l · n
THE IRISH BRIGADE.
An Interesting Sketch of a lemor
Samuel Lover's Description of the Vio
tors at Fontenoy--How English
Laws Drove the Youth
of Ireland into the
Army of France.
The story of the Irish Brigade is one of the
most Interesting episodrs in the history of
the Irish people. Their ardent and military
spirit, which was one of the results of their
Celtic origin, had been wasted through many
centuries, in savage feuds among themselves,
or in fruitless resistance to their Invaders
and when at length it had become disciplined,
under Sarsfleld and St. Ruth, and acquired a
force which might have yielded England the
greatest service in her ensuing wars, it was
lost to her through the intolerance which
proscribed the religion of a nation.
The laws of the period, which forbade
Catholics to bear arms under the English
crown, blindly refused all the advantages to
be derived from their devotion, and compelled
the army of James II, when disbanded at the
Peace of Limerick, to pass over to the conti
nent and enroll under its various monarchs.
Almost every throne of Europe profited by
the bold hearts and stalwart frames of the
buoyant sons of the Emerald Isle, except only
the one that still nominblly claimed their al
legiance while repudiating their services. It
was in France, however, that James's army
was found principally to reassemble---owing,
probably, to the greater sympathy of the
Hibernian and the Celtic temperamentse--and
there formed themselves into a body, which
soon became distinguished under its title of
the "Irish Brigade."
These gallant emigrants, who left behind
them all their social and domestic ties, car
ried abroad with their untarnished honorand
their indomitable courage all their unconquer
able gayety and their undying love for their
native country. Almost as deep, however,
perhaps, was their love for their native music.
So strong was it, indeed, that they refused to
march to the French tunes, and on all mili
tary occasions insisted on the use of their
national airs-a gratification that was con
ceded to them, though the same favor was
denied to the Swiss. For this, however, there
was a reason. The music of the Ranz des
Vaches awokein the breast of the latter such
a passionate longing for home, that it often
led to desert on; while in the poor Irishman,
whose home was lost to him, no such danger
was to be feared.
A continuous evil resulted from the expa
triation of these men. The brigade, which
was sent into exile when over 14,000 strong,
was always actively recruited in Ireland,
however illegally, and at some risk-and
thus, year after year, thevalorous youth that
ought to have fought under the flag of Wil
liam and Marlborough, went abroad to es
pouse the cause and swell the forces of their
enemies-until, at length, It fell to their lot
to face the heroes they should have shoul
dered, and to inflict on England her greatest
military disaster throughout the century. It
was the Impetuous charge of the Irish Brig
ade that won for the French the battle of
Fontenoy. Well might George II exclaim,
on reviewing such a fact, "Sad Indeed are the
laws that deprive me of such soldiers."
During the course of almost a century the
brigade was enrolled in the French army,
and had an honorable share in all the latter's
brightest achievements in Flanders, Spain
and Italy. Many instances of staunch fldel
ity and its daring, decisive courage might
be quoted from the military records of those
days; but one especially may be selected,
which in its singular combination of the heroic
and the grotesque must be regarded as very
Cremona, besieged by Prince Eugene, and
defended by the French, was surprised one
morning before dawn, and would inevitably
have been lost, but for the prompitudeof the
Irish. While the punctilious and ornate
Frenchmen were deliberately buttoning up
their regimentals, the former, at the sound of
their trumpets, jumped out of bed and, sim
ply staying to buckle on their ,roesbelts and
cartouch boxes, seized their guns and hurried
to the square, where, on forming in flghting
order, their commander's words, "Halt
dress!"' were, at least in one respect, super
fluous. Their indifference to appearances on
thlesoccasion was all the greater that the pe
riod was midwinter and the city was near the
Alps. In this condition they were charged
by the Austrian cuiraselers. It was steel
coats against night-shirts; but the linen
trade of Ireland proved the more formidable
of the two. The Austrians were driven back,
and the French had time to form and recover
possession of the town. For this brilliant
service the brigade was honored with the em
phatic thanks of Louis XIV, and also had
their pay increased.
But these fearless fellows as may be sup
posed, carried abroad to their new service not
only their courage and fidelity, but all their
exuberance as Irishmen. Their rollicking
spiritand love of fun were quite as great as
their love of fighting, and at times were so
opposed to propriety and discipline, that the
martinets of the French ranks had to make
formal complaints on the matter. It was on
one such occasion that a great compliment
was paid them by the brave Duke of Berwick,
who, however, had good reason to love them
for their devotion to his father. "Matrshal "
said the King to him, "this Irish brigade
gives me more trouble than all my army put
together." "Please your Majesty," replied
the Duke, "your enemies make just the same
complaint of them."
The idol of the brigade was the celebrated
Marshal Saxe, whose great bravery, in union
with his jovial, mirthful temperament, gave
him a character that was so engaging and
so kindred to their own. It was in reference
to him originated one of the blunders of poor
Pat that has so often been repeated ant local
ined everywhere. The Marshal was wounded
in some engagement, and, moreover, It was
reported-in his back. None of the brigade,
however, would believe it. "When did he
ever show his back to them?" was the general
exclamation. "Wasn't it his face they knew
most of, and wasn't it their backs that he
knew best?" At last a solution of the mys
tery was hit upon-"He was purshuing 'em,
you see, and Just to maltse the villing think
that, on the conthrary, he was retreating, he
buttoned his coat behind him?"
Of the anecdotes and jokes told of the brig
ade during their extended foreign service-
proofsof humor and light-heartedness which
even exile could not subdue-the number is
indeed legion. Gallic vanity forced them
often into the attitude of censors, and several
of their repartees are excellent, and as full of
sense as they are of pleasantry. Among the
mass of these is one that has been often re
ferred to other sources-when a Frenchman
claiming for his country the invention of all
the elegances, named, among other things, a
ruffle, and Pat answered: "We improved on
it-we put a shirt to it."
In the same spirit, but less known, was his
retort upon a shopkeeper in some petty town
where he was quartered. The place had rather
a pretentious gate, and the grocer, dilating
on its grandeur, and asking what the Irish
would say if they possessed it, "Faith.
they'd say," was his reply, "we'll kape the
big gate shut, or the dirty little town will be
after running out of it." The sarcasm, how
ever, was deeper and more essentially Hiber
nian when, on his going somewhere to dine,
after hearing great praises of French cook
ery, he saw a pot of soup brought in with a
bit of meat floating on the top of it, upon
which he pulled off his coat and being asked
why he did so, said: "Sure i a going to have
a swim for that little bit of mate there."
Among the adventures recorded of the
brigade, one of the most amusing was an oc
currence in the time of the Regent Orleans,
in honor of whose birthday a grand mae
querade was give. in Paris, It bas ahi
affair. ; t..it wmý a doqU loaIs d'o
for`ý aEbM~h; raftrthe *a
W'~~,r l~~i6Mswoe F
tractions of the night. While the e
ment was prooeeding, one of the P1rins
suite approached and whispered to him: "LI.
is worth your Royal Highness' while to step
into the supper rooms; there is a llow
domino there who is the most extraordi
cormorant ever witnessed; he is a prod
your Highness; he never stops eating and
drinking, and the attendants say, moreover
that he has not done so for some hours.'
Ills Royal Highness went accordingly, and
sure enough there was the yellow do001h
laying about him as described and swallow.'
log everything at ravenously as if he had
only just begun. Raisld pies fell before hi,
like garden palings before a field-piece-
peasants and quails seemed to fly down his
throat in a little covey-the wine he drank "
threatened a scarcity, whatever might be the
After watching him for some time the Duke
acknowledged he was a wonder, and la
ingly left the room; but shortly afterw
on passing through another he saw-the y
low domino again, and as antively at work a
ever devastating the dishes everywhere al
emptying the champagne bottles as ran14dy
as they were brought to him. Perfeotlw,
amazed, the Duke at last could not rstii.i -
his curiosity. "Who," he asked, "is that in.+ '
tate ogre that threatens such annihilation to.
all the labors of our cooke?" Ac i
one of the suite was dispatched to him. "Bb.
Royal Highness the Duke of Orleans desirt.
the yellow domino to unmask." But the
domino begged to be excused, pleading the
prlvilege of masquerade. "There is a hlm
law," replied the officer; "the royal od
must be obeyed." "Well, then," fJw.
the incognito, "if it must be so, it mcst"
unmasking, exhibited the ruddy visae Of Ums
Irish trooper. *
"Why, in the name of Polyphemusl" Il"
claimed the Regent as he advanced to ib.a.,
"who and what are you? I have seen yau
eat and drink enough for a dozen ma elt.
least, and yet you seem as empty as evr,"'
"Well, then, 'said the trooper, "sincel eI'
saycret must come out, plae your
Highness, I am one of Clare's Horse-t- ia
the guard of honor to-night--and when ora
men were ordered out we clubbed our moaer
to buy a ticket and agreed to take our tuitr
at the suoper table, turn and turn about,.
"What I' exclaimed the Duke, "the whole
troop coming to supper ?"
"Oh, it's asy, plase your Highnes* sure
one domino would do for all of us, if sal tatu
it in turn. I'm only the eighteenth 0man, am d
there's twelve more of us to come."
The loud laughter of the jovial Duke,
ably the heartiest he had had for a long
was the response to this explanation, 11ow;
ed by a loute d'or to the dragoon, a&.
promise to keep his "saycret"flW tIll th .g
troop had supped.
The career of the Irish Brigade closedt ,
the approach of the French Revoluttln,sa
fortunately for them, no doubt; sinc., s he
they remained in France, there is little qal.!
tion they would have maintained their tol
ty and been massacred like the $wiue Bi
before they were broken up, they wedre , .°
dressed by the King in person, who, t
them with much emotion for their do
to the house of Bourbon, which they had el
played throughout a century, pre tet
with a banner in which the shamrock
nil'ur de lie were interwoven, with a
motto. There was some ground f
King's emotion-If the historians of
Brigade are all to be relied-on that in t
course of the century upward of 4.0,000 I
men had died in the ranks of France. W
an army lost to England-what a .Olm .4
on the Penal Code !
THIRTY YEsRS' REGICIDBES
Attempts to Assassinate Sovereirus SinL.~e
1850-A Bloody Record.
[From the Manchester Examiner.]
A paper published at Berne has coampled
list of all the known attempts at ,a
tion that have been made since 1850, ndt
the heading "Recent Regioldes," a termvdh ,
however expressive, is scarcely accurate, in..
asmuch as the compilation inoltudesattemp
on the lives of magistrates and statuum i I
well as on the livesof princes and
The first crime recorded in this r is
attempt made in May, 1850, by the Westi
lian, afelage to shoot the Klng of fPn
to the cryof 'Liberty for all." On JuleS~
the same year Robert Pate, a retired ieut
ant of Hussars, struck the Queen of EuSi
with a cane--an insult, certainly, but mit
assault with Intent to kill. In Octoberra
a conspiracy to blow up Louis Napoleon
an infernal machine containing 1500 jroju
tiles was frustrated by the activity o
police. On February 17, 1858, the Emperor
Austria was stabbed in the back by a
Hungarian shoemaker of the name .
Libeny. On the fifth of July following is
ond attempt was made on the life of l'
Napoleon on his way to the Opera 0oml
On March 20, 1854, Ferdinand C(kales
Duke of Parma, was stabbed by an o
hand. Part of the dagger remaided ia
wound which it inflicted, and the Duke
after twenty-three hours of terrible suffoInrn
The murderer escaped. In 1855, the Italli.
Planori shot twice at the French Emperog irt
the Tullerles garden. In March;' 16
Soaniard of the name of Raimond4 iPue
was arrested just as he wasee in the act of
a pistol at his sovereign, and the exe0e0tl
of his murderous design prevented.
December 8, In the same year, Ferdinand
King of the Two Sicilles, was attaosed t
review by one of his own soldiers, w
wounded him with his bayonet. In 187 t
Italian conspirators, Tibaldi, Bartolsttl at
Grelli, arrived in Paris with the intenticanof
murdering the Emperor, but fell ta.tO '
hands of the police before their
could be carried into executionl. Os
January 14, of the following
Orsini, Gomes, Pieri and Rudlomade
famous attempt to blow up the Emperor an
Empress with bombshells on theirway totW s
Opera. Their Majesties escaped with some
slight dontusions, but more than 100 persous *I
of their escort were killed and wounded. It
December; 1863, another attempt on the life
of Napoleon was made by a band of 1I :
assassins. The attempt failed and the wouldy -
be murderers were captured. The samey Mi
the then Queen of (reece was wounded b 'a
pistol shot fired by the student DoreiN, 0.
the fourteenth of April 1865, President Yin
coln was murdered in Iord's theatre at Wash.v
ington, and Secretary Seward dangerously
wounded, by the actor Booth. A year lateci
almost to a day the Emperor of Russia was
shot at by a man of good position of thenass.~
of Petroulk in the garden of his palace at S2
Petersburg. A peasant who struck up P6.
troulk's pistol, and so turned theshot asidi
and in all probability saved the Emperor'a
life, was rewarded with a titleof nobility and
the commission of a captain in the army.
The month afterward, or, to be preclse, in
May, 1866, Eugene Cohen fired five shots at
Bismarck while the latter was walking Unttr
den Linden, In Berlin, one of which afttlt
and slightly wounded the great minister. 'O
June 10, 1868, Prince Michael of Servia and
a lady of his family were brutally murdered.
In the park of Topelder. In 187 B4.-.:
marck's life was again attempted, this t.ter'
by a man of the name of Westerwelle, and.. .
1874, yet again, this time by Kuilman, sat.
Kissingen. On August 6, 1875, the Preient
of the republic of Ecuador, Gabriel Gm.inl
Moreno, was murdered in the governlagat ,
house at Quito, and in April, 1877, siml.
fate befell the president of the epublle cf
Paraguay. On May 11, 1878, the Ceaneu
Emperor was shot at by BHoedel, and m Jaonn,
2, less than a month later, by Noblling,.re.
eeil ving on the latter occasion woundiby
which his life was seriously endangered. No.
biling killed himself in prison while Hoedel
perished on the scaffold. On bctober 65 f
the same year an attempt to assassinate the
King of Spain was made by the Socialist
Moncas, who, taken red-handed, paid with his
life the penalty of his crime. Lees than a
month thereafter, November 17, the life of
King Humbert of Italy was attempted b,.
Passanante, whose sentence of death
commuted, at his Majesty's own in et
one of perpetual imprisobmet, 1, :,
as will be fresh in the memory s:
peror of Russia had two.
death at the hands of his eu)
and the closing day of the o14
the latest essay at regicide t as
ord theatten to(Oeuo to iahoot: ris
'Tire , 1 t!terld .in
tesl, e >'ee88aikshii 't
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