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The colored American. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1893-19??, October 20, 1900, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83027091/1900-10-20/ed-1/seq-6/

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TEE COLORED ATvnffiTnATsT WASHBrGTOH B 0
CAPTAIN CHAKLE8 L MITCHELL
Mr CHARLES L MITCHELL
A Hero of Two Wars The Idol of Gar
rison and Phillips a Alan of Many
Honors Bostons Most Representative
Negro An Interesting Life and Char
acter
The story of Captain Mitchells life is
an IntoiestiDg one He was born in
Hartford Conn at about the middle of
the preeett century His father Mr
William M Mitchell was a deacon in
one of the churches of that city and
the family is known as one of the be3t
families of color in the state At the
age of 17 the boy became an apprentice
in the printing office cf Mr William
H Burleigh publieher of a Hartford
abolition paperemilled the Charter Oak
Two yeais later Mr Burleigh sold his
office to Mr Baldwin afterward editor
and senior publieher of the Worohester
8 py and for several years representa
tive in congress of the Eighth Massa
chusetts district With him Mr Mitch
ell completed his term of apprentice
ship
In 185 he came to Bcston and worked
at his trade in various offices including
those of the Riverside press at Cam
bridge and the Liberator He was re
garded by Mr Garr ton as one of the
beBt composiois in the city In the
congenial and inspiring atmosphere of
such an office he naturally grew into
vital touch with the principles of uni
versal freedom proclaimed by its pro
prietor and when the days of strife
came and Massachusetts led the vamn
en luting colored troops he united his
fate and his fortune with the Fifty
fifth regiment of infrantry one cf the
two Massachusetts colored regiments
and onlisted as private July 1 1S63
He did not long remain a private
however but was rapidly promoted for
bravery and meritorious service One
month cfter entering the army he was
made corporal tnd on July 20 1S64 he
became sergeant For several mouths
be served aa sergeant mjor His kDOw
ledge of his trade opened up for him
temporarily a wider sphere of
neEB In the early months of the fall
of 1SS4 he was detailed for duty as po3t
printer at the headquartors of General
John P Hatch at Morris Island S C
In setting up the orders issued Mr
Mitchell saw that the union forces were
on the eve of a movemeni that would
mean active work in the field for the
command He therefore urgently re
quested Major L B Perry adjutant
general of the United States Vol or
permission to rejoin his company in the
Fifty fifth for the purpose of takinp
part in the expedition that terminated
in the battle of Honey hill 8 C Per
mission was granted reluctantly becaue
it would br difficult to fled a successor
to so valuable a man and Mr Mitchell
rejoined bis company on the eve of its
departure for Hilton HeacL
It was in the battle of Honey hill one
of the most disastrous conflicts on the
southern main in which one half the
officers and one third of the men in
action were killed or wounded that
Sergeant Mitchell while charging a
battery m aiding General Sheimsn iv
cutting through the railroad received
the cannon shot wlich deprived him
of his light foot
The fortitude with which he bore his
wound was equal to his bravery As
they were carrying him past his lieu
tenant colonel on a strecher the young
sergeant forgetting it all as he Eaw s
strong regiment go by to make a fresh
charge rose up saluted and cheered
him and bade him go ahead ffor
this display of gallantry which created
much favorable comment in the natioD
al press at the time he received from
Governor Andrew at the request of
his sur enor c ffieer asecond lieutenant
cy Mr Mitchell was oneof the few
colored men upon whom thisf distinc
tion wfs conferred
During the war he serytd also in the
siege of Charleston 8 C In the battle
of James Island he agisted in capturing
two Kapolean guns and turning them
upon the fleeing enemy with their own
ammunition He waa placed in com
mand of the detachments to serve these
gun which were afterwards placed as
trophies at headquarters oftheiifty
fifth regiment He was honorably dis
charged from service Oct 20 1865
Returning to Boston with as Wen
dell Phillips said in describing him
that added erace the halting which is
the statliest step of the soldier Lieu
tenant Mitchell received from Collector
Russell an appointment in the Boston
custom house to the inspectorship fGr
merly held by the Eev J C Loveyjoy
Jubee quently Collector A W Beard
promoted him to a clerkship at an in
creased salary For SO years he has been
employed in the custom service snd
his efficiercy intelligence and fidelity
to principle have won for him much es
teem
In 1S66 hereceived fitting recognition
of his services and tufierlng for his
country in the Republican nomination
as representative to the Massachusetts
legislature from ward 6 Boston the
home of Governor Andrew and the
wealthiest ward in the state embracing
within its limits more Iitersry culture
and more liberally educated men than
any other representative district
known He was cordially supported by
the union papers of Boston and was
elected by a handsome vote Upon
him and upon his colleague Mr E G
Walker of Cbarlestown devolved the
duty not only of representing the dis
tricts from which they came but the
far higher and more responsible duty
of representing a race about entering
upen a career of equal citizen3hip
Capt Mitchell enlisted in sixth Mas
sachusetts infantry and was made cap
tain cf Co L The recollections of the
struggles of the Union forces in the 60s
to liberate the oppressed slave made
the desire even greater to help Cuba
free herself of Spains yoke of slavery
The Captam was a prominent figure
at the Boston meeting being chairman
of the committee on reception His life
ia one which has in it every phase of a
good life from the dramatical to the
to the general common place everyday
sphere of life an inspiration to the
colored youth of the land as well as
those of any other hue or nationality
Several years ago Mr Mitchell was
married to Miss Nellie Brown of Dover
N H whose prestige as a musician
and whose ability as a teacher have
made her as dear and as familiar to the
public as is her husband Her voice
has received enthusiastic comment from
the press throughout the country and
among her delighted auditors have been
General Grant and others of equal note
Not the least of Mrs Mitchells
achievements is the invention of the
phoneterion a silver device for the use
of those among her vocal pupils whose
purity of tone is impaired because they
cannot keep the tongue in place while
singing Mrs Mitchells modesty has
made her husband the nominal invent
or and patentee of this instrument but
the title is a nominal one only and the
right of discovery lies wholly with Mrs
Mitchell herself The device was awad
ed the prize medal and diploma at the
1 6 th exhibition of the Massachusetts
Charitable Mechanics association in
18S7 and was exhibited by Mrs Mitch
ell at the 19th anniversary of the Music
Teachers National association conven
tion in New York last year It is much
used by musicians and is especially
helpful to thoBe inclined to a throaty
intonation The instrument Is destined
to be more widely known Mr and
Mrs Mitchells policy m recommend
ing it only where they know iris need
ed rather than in promiscuously adver
tising it has made it advance in public
favor slow and certain hut has also as
their friends assure thcm obscured a
light whch is just beginning to shine
Mr and Mrs Mitchell have a delight
ful home at 24 Sherman street and
their charming hospitality has been ex
tended to many Capt Mitchell holds
his custom house place and is one of
the fixtures there
A Resignation
Dr E D Scott has tendered his res
ignation as clerk in the office of the
Auditor of the Post Office Department
Dr Scott has an extensive practice in
the northeastern section of the city
and finds it necessary to devote his
entire time to it
Messrs AB andJB Christian of
Shaw and fclater schools respectively
stopped over a few hours recently while
on their way South having spent the
summer with their parents in Brad
dock Pa
Mrs Terrells Return
Mrs Mary Church Terrell has re
turned from a most successful lecture
tour in the West She has also just re
ceived an invitation to address the
American Missionary Association at its
annual meeting which will be held
October 33d and 25th inclusive at
Springfield Mass No other woman of
the race is in such demand as Mrs
Terrell as a speaker and writer
TO THE DEAF
A rich lady cured of her deafness and
Noises m the Head by Dr Nicholsons
Artificial Ear Dinms gave 10000 to
his Institute so that deaf people unac ie
to procure the Ear Drums mty have
them free Address No 10429 The
Nicholson Institute 760 Eighih Ave
nue New York U 8 A
FINANCIAL
The National Safe Deposit Saving and
Trust Company
Corner 15th St and New York Ave
Capital One Million Dollars
Pays Inlerest on deposits
Rents Sales insides mrglar proot Vaults
Actsas administrator executor trustee o
Money 50000 Money
To loan on furniture pianos ac without
removal or publicity and the day you ask
ior it W e will loan any amount making
time and payments to suit giving one month
or one year as you desire and at rates that
you can afford to pay II you now have a loan
with any other coiLpany and desire more
money give us a call Will as cheerfully
make a S10 loan as 8100 and no charge or
expense il loan is not made Alwacs ready
to give information regarding rates and meth
ods to secure a loan We are the oldest losn
company m the city and will give vou honest
treatment All business strictly confidential
Private offices
Washington portjaje Loan Co
610 F Street N W
DO YOD NEED
MONEY
We will lend any amount from S10 up
On Household Furniture
pianos horses wagons carriages or person
al property of any kind without removal
from your possession Loans can be carried
as long as desired and payments can be made
at any time to suit the convenlenc ot the
of the borrower We are the only properly
organized loan company in the city If you
appreciate low rates courteous treatment
and attention to your Interests you will call
on us Offices private and easily reached
Loans made in any part ol the city No
delay Open from 8 a m to 5 p m
SECURITY LOAN COMPANY
Room 1 Warder Building
Corner 9th and F sta n w
Capita1 Savings
Bank
609 F St N W Washington C
Capital - 850000
Hon Jno R Lynch JPresident
L C Bailey Treasurer
J A Johnson Secretary
D B McCary Cashier
Directors
Jno R Lynch Dr W S Lofton
Whitefield McKinlay O Bailey
Robt H Terrell W S Montgomery
Wyatt Archer John A Pierre Henry
E Baker James Storum J A
Johnson Dr A W Tancil Howard
H Williams
Deposits received from 10 cents up
ward Interest allowed on 500 and
above Collections meet with promp
attention A general exchange and
banking business done
Bank open from 9 a m to 4S0r

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