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The colored American. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1893-19??, November 14, 1903, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83027091/1903-11-14/ed-1/seq-3/

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Continued from page 2 2his 2It 2it
his It s enlightened and liberal attitude attitudetowards attitudeawards ttitudeuwards
towards the slaves slavesAt slavesAt slavesAt
At this point it should be borne b rne inmind in inmind inmind
mind that the great industrial bur burden burden burden ¬
den in the South fell almost wholly whollyupon whollyupon
upon the Negro slaves not only in agri agriculture agriulture ¬
ulture and domestic labor but in me mechanical mehanical
hanical pursuits as well so sothat sothatthrough that thatthrough
through his experiences in Held 1 eld and andworkshop andorlishop andworkshop
workshop t ie e Negro laborer was ena enabled enabledindeed ¬
bled Illedindeed indeed forced forcedto to devise many manya
a new and practical contrivance contriva ce for forminimizing forminimizing
minimizing the exactness of manual manuallabor manuallabor
labor laborThroughout laborThroughout
Throughout the entire South the thelarge thelargepl thelarge
large largepl plantations Iitations were generally conducted con conducted conducted ¬
ducted on ons such ch a scale as to make them themcomplete themcomplete themcomplete
complete complete communities com nities in themselves themselvesequipped themselvesequipped themselvesequipped
equipped with ample facilities for sup supplying supplying supplying ¬
plying all their needs Each large larg plan plantation plantation plantation ¬
tation had its complement of carpen carpenters carp carpenters en entels ¬
ters cabinet makers shoemakers har harness harness harness ¬
ness makers brickmasons blacksmiths blacksmithswheel blaclismithswheelwdghtsiJainters blacksmithswheelwrightspainters
wheelwrightspainters wheel wheelwdghtsiJainters Wrights painters machinists and andthe andthe andthe
the like likeall all of whom were Negro Negroslaves Negroslaves Negroslaves
slaves and that they were instrumen instrumental instrumental instrumental ¬
tal in developing many of the improve improvements improvements improvements ¬
ments that mark the advanced mecha mechaical mechan mechanical mechanicalcontrivances ¬
ical icalcontrivances contrivances of ofa a later day can canscarcely canscarcely canscarcely
scarcely be doubted by anyone at all fa famrlliar famil1iar familliar
mrlliar with the industrial conditions conditionsin
in the South before the Civil War In Infact Infact Infact
fact on the Davis plantation before beforementioned beforementioned beforementioned
mentioned the Montgomery family familydevised familydevised familydevised
devised a great variety of mechanical meclanicalcontrivances mechanicalcontrivances mechanicalcontrivances
contrivances for use in connection conn ction with withthe wJth wJththe withthe
the work on the estate which contriv contrivances contrivances ontrivances ¬
ances were quite generally adopted adoptedby adoptedby doptedy
by y the neighboring planters In thelIississippi the theMississippi theMississippi
Mississippi bottoms though of course c tirse
Inventor of Baileys Truss Trussnone Trussnone rrussnone
none of these devices devic s could be protect protected ¬
ed by a patent It is worthy of note notehowever notehowever notehowever
however as showing sho ing how completely a asingle asingle asingle
single family even though slaves can cansurvive cansurvive cansurvive
survive radical changes in the senti sentiments sentiments sentiments ¬
ments customs and laws of a country countrythat countrythat countrythat
that these Montgomerys lived to see seetheir seetheir seetheir
their later inventions duly patented patentedby patentedby patentedby
by the Government and their name namegiven namegiv namegiven
given giv n an honorable place in the long longlist long longlist longlist
list of American inventors inventorsAlthough inventorsAlthO inventorsAlthough
Although AlthO gh in the march of events eventsthe eventsthe eventsthe
the barriers bardersto to granting patents to t Ne Negro Negro Negro
gro in inventors ventoishave have been swept away awaythe awaythe awaythe
the situation is still not materially materiallychanged materiallychanged materiallychanged
changed so far as concerns its general generaleffect generaleffect generaleffect
effect upon the the reputation of the Ne Negros Negros Negros ¬
gros mechanical genius If he was wasrefused wasrefuseda wasrefused
refused refuseda la a patent in antebellum days dayshe dayshe dayshe
he now misses miSS s the credit that should shouldbe shouldbe shouldbe
be his in the public records of f inventions i inven inventions ve l ltions ¬
tions for the official records of the thePatent thePatent thePatent
Patent Office as above ao ve stated do not notsliow notS110W notshow
show whether an invllIlt inventor r is is colored coloredor
or white And on I account a ou 1t of this
jfact fact the Negro race fails ails to receive receiveproper receiveproper receiveproper
proper credit for the many important importantcontributions importantcontributions importantcontributions
contributions it has made to the list of ofAmerican ofAmerican ofAmerican
American inventions inventionsIn
In 1884 the writer just then admit admitted admitted admitted ¬
ted into the Examining Corps of the theU theU theLL
U LL oS S Patent Office had his attention attentioncalled attentioncalled attentioncalled
called to a statement published in a aRichmond aRichmond aRichmond
Richmond Va paper to the effect effectthat effectthat effectthat
that no Negro had ever been granted granteda
a patent for his invention and on in inquiry inquiry inquiry ¬
quiry among the Examiners of the thePatent thePatent thePatent
Patent Office and the attorneys who whopracticed whopracticed whopracticed
practiced before the Office many many ofwhom of ofwhom ofwhom
whom frequently came into inte personal personalcontact personalntact personalcontact
contact < ntact with the inventors it was wasfound wasfound wasfound
found that more than a hundred well wellauthenticated wellauthenticated wellauthenticafed
authenticated cases or Negro inven inventions inventions inventions ¬
tions constituted a part of the records recordsof recordsof recordsof
of the Patent Office Further inquiry inquiryfrom inquiryfrom inquiryfrom
from time to time added to this list listwhich listwhich listwhich
which was first published for use in inconnection inconnectioJl inconnectiop
connection connectioJl with the Negro Exhibit Exhibitat Exhibitat Exhibitat
at the Cotton Cotton Centennial in New Or Orleans Orleans Orleans ¬
leans in 1885 then at the theTorlds theTorldsFair Worlds WorldsFair Worlds WorldsFair
Fair in Chicago in 1893 and again at atjthe att atthe
jthe t the Southern Exposition E position at Atlanta Atlantain AtlantaI
in 1895 1895During 1895During 1895During
I During these years years the thi Patent Office Of Office Oflice ¬
fice was called upon very frequently frequentlybY I
I by editors of newspapers and others othersto othersto
1 to furnish lists of Negro inventions inventionsbut inventionst inventionsbut I
t but no systematic effort was made by bythe bythe bythe
the office to collect co Beet such data until untilJanuary untilt untilJanuary
t January 1900 and then only at the therequest therequest therequest
request of the tn Commissioner in charge chargeof chargeof
I of the Government Goyernment exhibit at the thep Paris ParisExhibition ParisExhibition aris arisExhibition
Exhibition The object was to make makea
a shewing at said sai exposition of what whatthe whati
ithe i the American Negro NegroIfaddone Had done in the thefield thepleld thefield
pleld field of invention invention In In pursuit of this thisobject thisobject j jobject
object the then Commishioner of Pat Patents Eatents Patents ¬
ents Hon Charles H Duell addressed addresseda
a circular letter to the hundreds hun reds of pat patent patentattorneys patent ¬
ent entattorneys attorneys throughout the country countryto
to several of the largest manufacturing manufacturerestablishments manufacturingestablishments manufacturingestablishments
establishments and to prominent editors edi editors edi editors ¬
tors preachers teachers and profes professional professional professional ¬
sional men of the Negro race asking askingthem aSkingthem askingthem
them to furnish any information at athand atham athand
hand concerning wellauthenticated wellauthenticatedcases wellauthenticatedcases
cases cas cases s of patents granted Negro invent inventors invent inventors inventors ¬
ors The replies coming in from this thiswide thiswide
I wide field of oi inquiry supplied supplied a most mostastonishing mostI
I astonishing array of facts Theyshowed They Theyshowed TheyI
showed that the correspondents person personally personany personally ¬
ally knew of and could identify by byname byname
I name date and number more than thanfive thanfive thanfive
five LhundredpatentS1hat 4hundred hundred patents that had been beengranted beengranted beengranted
granted by the United UIiit d States to Negro Negroinventors Negroinventors Negroinventors
inventors They showed further that thatNearly thatearly thatnearly
Nearly early as many more such persons personshad personshad personshad
had completed inventions of variouskinds various variouskinds variouskinds
kinds and had applied to these attor attorneys attorneys attorneys ¬
neys and others for assistance in hav having having having ¬
ing their inventions patented but lacking lack lacking lacking ¬
ing money to cover the necessary ex expenses ex expenses expenses ¬
penses they had finally abandoned all allefforts allefforts allefforts
efforts to obtain patents for their Inventions in inventions inventions ¬
ventions ventionsi
i Another fact disclosed by the replies repliesto repliesto repliesto
to the Commisioners letter of inquiry inquirywas inquirywas inquirywas
was that it seemed not always to be bedesirable bedesirable bedesirable
desirable on the part either of the at attorneys atltor attorneys
ltor torneys neys or their clients to make men mention mention mention ¬
tion of the racial identity of the in inentor inventor inventor
ventor entor if he happened to be a Negro NegroAnd NegroAnd NegroAnd
And the theoDje oiijectionSvhich objection tion which seemed inthe in inthe inthe
the light of the present sentimental sentimentalconditions sentimentalconditions sentimentals
s conditions in the country to be b not notwholly notwholly notwholly
wholly unreasonable unreasonablewas was w that the thecommercial theI thecommercial
I commercial value of the invention inventionmight inventionm inventionmight
might m ght be unfavorably affected if the thej thet thefact
j t fact were wer generally known that the theinvention theI
t I invention was the work of a Negro NegroThe NegroThe NegroThe
The list obtained a copy of which whichis
is is herewith submitted is is necessarily necessarilyincomplete necessarilyincomplete ec sari1y sari1yincomplete
incomplete and and1s is serviceable only onlyin onlyin onlyin
in in proving prov provbig ig that the th Negro Negtohas Negrolies Shas done
something somethinghow how how much it is still im impossible inipossible impossible ¬
possible to tell t telltoadvance lltoadyance to advance the invent inventive inventive inventive ¬
ive thought of his country A study studyof studyof studyof
of it will show that like other invent inventors inventors inventors ¬
ors he has first sought to minimize minimizethe minimizethe minimizethe
the lab labor r difficulties immediately be before before before ¬
fore him His agricultural employ employment employment employment ¬
ment suggested agricultural inven inventions inv inventions n ntlons ¬
tions while his domestic environments environmentssuggetsed environmentssuggetsed environmentssuggetsed
suggetsed the nest step in his advance advanceinto advanceinto advanceinto
into the broader field of inventive ef effort effort effort ¬
fort In his investigations he has hastouched hastouched hastouched
touched albeit but l lightly ght1y at times timesupon timesupon timesupon
upon nearly every subject of f mechan mechanical mechanicaland mechanical ¬
ical icaland and chemical skill skillWHAT s skill skillWHAT dll dllVILT
The list ist shows that a considerable considerablenumber consid considerablenumber rab1e rab1enumber
number of the colored inventors have haveappeared haveappeared haveappeared
appeared to set no limit either eitherto to the thenumber thehumber thenumber
number or the variety of their inven inventions inventions inventions ¬
tions At the th the head of the list stands standsthe standsthe standsthe
the name of Elijah McCoy lfcCoyof of Detroit DetroitMich DetroitMIchl DetroitMich
Mich MIchl who is credited credited with having havingtaken havingtalmn havingtaken
taken out 34 patents on his inventions inventionsrelating invention inventionrelating 1S 1Srelating
relating particularly to lubricating lubricatingappliances lUbricatingappliances lubricatingappliances
appliances for engines both stationary stationaryand stationaryand stationaryand
and locomotive but covering also a avariety avariety avariety
variety of gther other subjects He has haSsuc haSsuccee suc succeeded succeeded
ceeded cee ed in placing his lubricators on onmany onmany
many of the steamcar and steamboat steamboatengines steamboatengines steamboatengines
engines in the Northwest and an also on onsome onsome
some of the TransAtlantic steamers steamersAnd steamersAnd steamersAnd
And these are said to net him a hand handsome han hansome handsome ¬
some royalty r yalty The Th next name in point
MR A AF F HILT33Rr HILT33RrInventor HILYER HILYERInventor 1 1Inventor
Inventor and Treasury Official Officialof Offi Officialof ial ialof
of number of patents is that of Granville Gran Granville Granville
ville T Woods Voodsof of New York who is iscalled iscaned iscalled
called the Black Black Edison because of ofhis ofhis ofhis
his persistent and intelligent and suc successful successful successful ¬
cessful investigations into the mys mysteries mysteries mysteries ¬
teries of electricity He has obtained obtainednearly obtainedf obtainednearly obtainednearly
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nearly 30 patents for his inventions inventionswhich inventionswhich inventionswhich
which cover a wide range of improve improvements improvements improvements ¬
ments in telegraphy telephony and andphonography andphonography andphonography
phonography One of pis his patents is isfor isfor isfor
for a system of telegraphing between betweenmoving betweenmoving betweenmoving
moving trains another for an a an l electric elec electric electric ¬
tric railway another for a phono phonograph phonograph phonograph ¬
graph and still others ot ers for improv improvments improvments improvements
ments for controlling the electric cur currents currents currents ¬
rents in telephone teleph ne and telegraphic t in instruments instr11ments instruments ¬
struments One of his telephone pat patents patents patants ¬
ents was sold to the American Bell Belltelephone BelltelephonC Belltelephone
telephone Co of Boston for which he heis heis heis
is said to have received large payLike pay payLike p3yLike
Like his hi colaborer coIab rer Edison in the thefield thefield thefield
field of Science Scie ce he heseems seems to have given givenhis givenhis givenhis
his life to the work w rlr and pursues it itwith Itwith itwith
with a pertinacity worthy of the cause causeFor causerFor causeFor
For more than twenty tw nty years his name namehas namehas namehas
has seldom been absent from the an annual annual annual ¬
nual publication Lor of ofAmerican American patentees paten patentees patentees ¬
tees i iOther I Ioth
teesOther Other oth r successful Negro inventors in inthe inthe inthe
the line Of electrical appliances arc arcnotecLas arcnoteaas arcnoteas
notecLas Nichols and Latimer who pat patCbntinued patContinued patContinued
Continued Continued on page 6 6IE =
l 11
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ChrisQUALITY Chris = Xanders
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J f fa fr fEstablished
909 908 Zth stN st NW VV r rEstablished
Established 38 years ago The largest largestwholesale largestwholesale largestwholesale
wholesale stock stockin in town of the most mostexquisite mostexquisite mostexquisite
exquisite faultless wines and distillates fi fii
in all 307 kinds r at atCrIs Cris Xandors Xandorsmodern Xandersmodern Xandorssmodern i
modern prices no others can cancompet cancompetquality compete competequality compete J Jquality
quality and purity with any of his hisgoods hisgoods a agoods
goods His liquors are absolutely free
from fusel poison poisonNo po poisonNo on onN
No N branch houses Phone 1425 1425Jas 142 142Jas 1425Jas
Jas F Keenan KeenanRECTIFIER Ke nan nanRECTIFIER
Elegant Club Whiskey WhiskeYd a Specialty SpecialtyImporter SpecialtyImporterof e eimporter
Importer Importerof of Fine Wines Brand Brandies Brandles Brand i iies
ies Gins Etc
462 Pennsylvania Avenue Northwest2 Northwest2Frits Northwest i iFritz 1 1Fritz
Fritz Reuter Reuters ReutersWashington R uter s sWashington sWashington
Washington D C CHotel o l lHotel
Hotel and andRestanrant Restaurant Restafirailti5r1
1 1un
451 453 453455 455 455 457 457Pennsylvania Pennsylvania PennsylvaniaAven Avenue e t
202 208 and 210 4 412 12 St Northwest NorthwestW Northwestr Northwestw
W r fl DRURYS DRURYSRestaurant DRURYSIRestaurant DRURYSRestaurant
Restaurant J
1100 20th Oth St Corner LN L N W WWIOORE wMOORE WMORE
Sparta j3uffet Buffet and Cafe
1216 Pa Ave Washington DC DGFINE DCFINE DCFINE
Hot Free Lunch every Day Ladies Ladie3will Ladieswill Ladieswill
will receive special attention inDining in inDining inDining
Dining Room upstairs upstairsJ upstairsJ upstairsJ
Pool and Billiard Parlors
619 B StreetNorthwest StreetNorthwestOp StreetN olthwest olthwestOP
Op B P Depot DepotA DfpotA
t tA
A full line ine of the choicest wines winesliquors wines winesliquors winesiiquors
liquors and beers All brands brandsp brandspdomestic of ofdomestic ofdomestic
domestic and imported cigars cigarsi oigarsJ1 cigarsJM
i JM J J1 M RYAN ProprietorLIQUORS Proprietor ProprietorC ProprietorCHNAUGHTO >
e Tires TiresHarper ineSr ineSrHarper
Harper Wilson a specialty sp specialty192a cia1tY i
1926 92 Fourteenth Jr Fourteenth rt enth Street street Northwe Npr N awea > t
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