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The gazette. [volume] (Raleigh, N.C.) 18??-1???, December 16, 1893, Image 1

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The "Weekly Gazette:
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he Weekly Gazette.;
A "Weekly Newspaper
PUBLISHED BT
JAMES H. YOUNG, - Editob.
W. S. MITCHELL, Associate Editor
and Business Manager.
VOL, V.
RALEIGH, N. C SATURDAY, DEC. 16, 1893.
NO. 43.
jl JoLJl12
X
' f VI
K 1
1
I
It is worth while now and then tt
pause and consider, soliloquizes Fos
ter Coatea in Frank Leslie's. 'New
York contains within its borders more
Hebrews than there are in Jerusalem,
more Irishmen than there are in Dub
lin, more Germans than there are in
Hamburg, and more Italians than there
are in Rome. LT
Nicaragua has enacted laws that
bears very hard on the alien, notes the
Ban Francisco Examiner. ; The under
lying idea seems to be to hare the
alien furnish the money for a govern
ment' "devoted mostly to his own op
pression. "When Nicaragua shall hare
acquired the largest standing army in
the world and the largest navy it may
be able to execute these laws. In the
meantime much satisfaction - may be
derived from contemplating the fact
that such august enactments adorn
iand glorify the statute books.
The Adjutant General of the United
States, in his recent report, expresses
himself quite strongly against the In-,
dian as a, soldier. He makes a good
scout, and that is about the best that
can be gotten out of him. Says the
report : The Indian is not very adap
table to discipline at best, and to sta
tion him as a soldier near the reserva
tion isiruitful of discontent, because
he will compare the restraints of mili
tary life with the freedom and indo
lence of his brethren on the reserva
tion. A lack of knowledge of the Eng
lish language, a strong repugnance to
work, illiteracy and no familiarity with
athletic sports are also against the In
dians' development as an arm of the
regular army.
It is said that the introduction of
physical training into the public school?
of Boston has been followed by most
beneficial results. It has now been
tried long enough to be able to predi
cate something about its effects. In
1890 the Swedish educational system
of
gymnast t " 'BWodnced. and
since then the pupils have been com
pelled to go through certain exercises
every day. At the opening in Sep
tember of the present school year com
parisons were made between the bear
ing and physique of the scholars to
day and their appearance of three
years ago. It was the unanimous
opinion of; the teachers that their
charges had become much more grace
ful in carriage, stronger and more ro
bust. In the high school there has
never before been a brighter and
healthier lot of boys. The system in
vogue is thorough. Each teacher re
ceives a lesson iu the exercises every
two weeks, and the scholars devote fif
teen minutes a day to ."physical cul
ture." Various cities in Germany have es
tablished municipal eating houses as a
means for minimizing begging and to
relieve the worthy poor of the neces
sity of accepting food given in charity.
Oar Consul at Chemnitz, James C.
Monaghan, in a report to the State De
partment, gives a most favorable ac
count of an institution of this kind in
that city, as the result of a visit. "The
food is substantial," he declares. "To
b hard-working .man. with appetite
sharpened by exercise, the dinner is
excellent. The meats, vegetables, etc.,
are properly cleaned and prepared be
fore they are cooked. Everything is
kept clean, and smells sweet and whole
some. The people, who look hearty,
gather in large rooms Jon benches
placed by long tables. Besides the
dinner, the midday meal, supper is
served to those who wish it. " From
the list of the food given, observes the
Boston Herald, it appears to be sub
stantial and excellent in kind and
variety, and that the institution is ap
preciated is evidenced by the fact that
last year 435,360 dinners were sold
The food is sold by the portion, and
an ample dinner never costs more than
ten cents. The establishment is so
practically managed that it yields
something of a profit to the city : the
expenditures last year were $15, 557.28,
and the receipts were $17,501.68, leav
ing a balance of $1911.40. At our
municipal lodging house here in Bos
ton, meals and lodging are paid for in
work. Our custom of giving out free
Soup at the police stations through the
winter has little to commend it. ' It is
demoralizing and encourages vagrancy
fcnd pauperism. The bounty often goes
to unworthy recipients, and instances
have been related of keepers of cheap
boarding houses obtaining supplies for
(their tables regularly in this way. On
the other hand, many who may really
peed the food are too sensitive to re
ceive it in charity. It would be much
iettr to sell the soup at cost, together
3h bread ana pernaps oiner simpie
of food,
The .Agricultural capital of Europe
has doubled since 1810; that of the
United States haa increased over six
fold. ' .
THE TEN PER CENT. TUX.
4 Bill for Its Conditional Repeal Prepared by
ihe Finance Committee and Appro?
; tdby the President.
Washington, D. C A bill to repeal
the 10 per cent, tax on State Bank
circulation has been framed by the sub
committee to which the. full committee
on banking and currency referred all
measures relating to this question. The
bill framed will be reported to the full
committee for final action before it is
reported to the House. It does not
repeal the tax unconditionally, but
provides that issues of currency shall
be under the direction of the Con
troller of the Currency, and shall be
imited in amount. The Comntroller's
supervision will prevent the issue of
currency. which is not amply secured,
"and thus prevent wildcat issue. It ie
understood that the bill haa the ap
' proval of the President, . -who deeires
repeal if it is surrounded with proper
safeguards ,
The Jewish Orphans.
The Hebrew Orphan Asylum at Ai
lanta, Ga., established by the B'na'
Brith, receives all the orphan childrer
for." the , 5th district, comprised oi
Georgia, the two Carolinas, Virginia
and the District of Columbia. Its ca
pacity is sixty children, and the limit
is always reached. There are numer
ous applications that cannot be favor
ably acted upon for the lack of room
for the applicants. The home is sup
ported by assessments upon the mem
bers and by voluntary contributions.
The annual cost of running the Atlan
ta home is above $11,000, and the as
cessments alone, without voluntary
aid, would not be sufficient to cover
this expense. The home has been in
operation now about four and a half
years, and even in that short time in
calculable good has been done. It has
had the full limit of inmates during
nearly all of that time, and they have
been given the instruction and train
ing necessary to fit them for good and
useful lives. The . minimum age for
admission is 3 years, and the children
are kept until they are 16. After they
reach the latter age it is the intention
of the home to put them in some
worthy calling where they can earn a
good living. -
Brooklyn's Three Hundrea.
The St. Augustine's Trotestant Epis
copal Church, colored, of Brooklyn,
had silhouettes in chorus last Sunday,
having discarded its old quartette
choir and introduced a new cho'r of
men, women and boys in surplices,
i uuTuen au$ boys wear white gowns,
which reach to the knees, over black,
tight fitting, nndergowns which reach
to the feet. The women, in addition
to -the white ., gowns with flowing
sleeves, wear a black mortar-board
hat, adorned with a black tassel. The
Rev. Felham Williams, the rector, is
a bright, young South Carolinian, who
is very popular. The congregation
numbers about 300 persons. Quite a
number of the flock are of the upper
crust of the race in Brooklyn.
Georgia and South Carolina Cares.
An Atlanta photographer has com
pleted a series of flash light photos of
the Saltpeter Cove in Georgia. The
pictures were finished in six days,
wherees it required thirty years to
make the same number of pictures of
Mammoth Cave. Near Elloree, in
Orangeburg county, S. O, are several
limestone caves which a partial explo
ration shows to be worthy of the pho
tographer's attention. The same lime
stone formation crops out at the Eutaw
Springs and "The Rocks" plantation
and in other parts of Berkeley county
and the same ridge of rock is said to
underlie a portion of Charleston har
bor. Proceedings of the Virginia Legislature.
Richmond, Va. In the Legislature
a communication was handed in from
the Governor, without recommenda
tion, in regard to an alleged contribu
tion from Virginia to the Spartan
burg, S. C.i" monument fund. Also
from the Governor a petition from the
State of North Carolina for the pay
ment of a balance due for running the
boundary line, and a petition from
the Secretary of the United States
Treasury for a copy of the laws of Vir
ginia on the subject of the establish
ment, etc., of state banks.
j Quite a Family.
(Greenville, S. C, News.)
A well to-do farmer who lives about
fifteen miles below here . in this
county was in town a few days ago pur
chasing some articles, and remarked
incidentally that they were made nec
essary by the arrival of his nineteenth
child. He is fifty-two years old, and
has been married twice. His first wife
had two children, while his second is
the mother of seventeen. Of the total
number of nineteen, seventeen are liv
ing, and there are several' grandchil
dren. A Rich Merchant Runs Off With a Country
School Teacher. -
Spabtanbubo, S. C. Maj. J. A. Lee,
a rich merchant of this city aged
76 years,: run away with and married
Miss Corrie Anderson, a pretty young
country school teacher. When his son
and partner, Boyce Lee, heard of the
marriage he fell down prostrated with
grief. The shock was great and it was
necessary to call in doctors to relieve
him from the prostation.
The Tillman Homestead Burned.
. The old homestead of ex-Congressman
George D. Tillman, brother of
the Governor, at Clarks Hill, Edge
field county, SV O, was destroyed
Tuesday night. The insurance poli
cies expired reataitly and were not re-
neeJ: , The foes is about $7,000. X
JIM DAY'S CANINE SCOUTS.
A Moonshiner Whose Dogs Warned Him dt
the Presence- of Officers.
The most noted Moonshiner in West
Virginia, and perhaps in Kentucky and
North Carolina-Jim Day has at last
been captured. The Government
officers have been trying to arrest Day
for over fifteen years, but failed on
every occasion. Day, who is a -tall,
muscular, shrewd-looking fellow, has
been running illicit stills for over
fifteen years. "During this time he
had sometimes as many as a dozen
stills running at one time: The stills
were located in ' the depths of the
primitive forests or in coves or caves
in the mountain sides, a long distance
from roadways and traits. The stills
were always located near some prom
inent height or at" a point from
which a guard or spy constantly on
the alert could overlook all approach
es and advise bis companions of the
vicinity of suspicious-looking strang
ers. In fifteen years only two of Day's
stills have been captured and destroy
ed. On each of these occasions Day
and his men all made their escape.
Time and again revenue officers have
attempted to waylay and ambush Day.
They found roads and trails over
which it was known he would be forced
to travel, and then they placed squads
in ambush, and frequently sent out
others to come up in his rear, but on
every occasion, although Day had been
seen or traced along the road, . he
always slipped through their fingers
without a scratch.
At last the secret of his success in
evading the officers became known.
Day had a nnmber of ' thoroughbred
dogs which he had trained to . scent
out revenue officere or strangers and
to notify him of their presence long
before they could come in sight. When
travelling over the routes or trails
leading to and from any of his stills
two of Day's dogs always trotted along
in front several hundred yards, taking
opposite sides of the road. Two would
fall back in the rear, and would ad
vance like a scout on each side. In
case of an ambuscade the dogs in f ronr
would scent the presence of the deputy
marshals before they got ' within 100
yards of them. They would then re
turn quickly to their' master and in
form him by their actions of the pres
ence of the enemy. Day would then
take to the woods to the right or left,
with a dog in advance, and pass around
an ambuscade without being seen. . In
case pursuers should come up behind,
Day's dogs, which had been trailing
along, would quickly hear or scent
them, and then would hurry forward
to thpir master, who, knowing by their
actions how close the enemy was, could
easily evade them.
With such guards it was almost use
less for the officers to undertake to
capture Day. They often gave up the
search in disgust, to start out a month
or two later reinvigorated and en
couraged by rumors or reports of spies,
to fail again and again. Day could be
heard of in McDowell county one day,
and the next some one from Tazewell
county, in Virginia fifty miles away,
would report that he had been seen in
that section. He proved to be an ignis
fatuus to the officers, and, although
they could hear of a dozen stills run
ning in as many places in the mountains,
the officers in the entire fifteen years
were successful only in capturing two
of his stills. He ran stills in West
Virginia, Virginia, and North Carolina,
and for several years posses from each
of the three above-named States were
scouring the mountainous country in
search of this dangerous moonshiner.
At last, only a day or two ago, it
was learned that Day and one of his
sons were visiting friends in Bath
county, Virginia. The West Virginia
Marshall, Capt. Vinson, learned of his
whereabouts, and with the assistance
of the offioers he located him and sur
rounded the house after night. Day
surrendered without a fight, which was
a surprise to the officers. Day himself
says he is tired of the life, and that as
he has made quite a fortune he will
now "take his medicine" and quit the
business for good. .As he has great
influence over the moonshiners of
West Virginia and North Carolina, his
arrest without a shot having been fired,
looks as though some sort of an ar
rangement or compromise had been
effected with this shrewd leader of
moonshiners. Be that as it may, Jim
Day doubtless could do more toward
inducing his body of fearless moonshine
companions to give up their illicit
business and to settle down and become
good, law-abiding citizens than any
man iu the State.
Some such pacific means, in all pro
bability, may be used with Day as
were adopted with the notorious Mul
lens gang of moonshiners when old
Tom Mullens surrendered. In that
instance Mullens was paroled and al
lowed to return to his home with the
understanding that he not only quit
the business himself, but that he should
try to induce his eld companions to do
the same. Mullens went home, and
in a very short time every moonshiner
in that section had surrendered his
still and quit the- business.
GEORGIA TO HAVE STATE BANKS.
Her Lower House Anticipates the Repeal of
the Ten Per tent. Tax. "
Atlanta, Ga. The Georgia House
of Representatives passed a bill pro
viding for the establishment of a sys
tem of State banks and the issuance of
currency by the same, in, anticipation
of the repeal of the ten per cent, state
bank tax by Congress. The Senate
will doubtless concur.
The bill establishes the necessary
precautions and regulations concern
ing the issue of notes, and received
the support of all but two Democrats.
Both, however, favor state banks, but
thought it untimely to act in advance
of Congress, j The People's party rep
resentatives opposed the measure.
PITHY NEWS ITEMS.
The uh veiling of the statue of Mary
Washington, mother of the Father of
bis Country, took place at Lynchburg,
Va., last Saturday.
Clark, the murderer of Rev. J. R.
Moffett, a Baptiet preacher at Dan
ville, Va., has been refused a new trial
by the Supreme Court.
There was a $7000 fire at Clinton,
N. C, Friday. I
According to the Pittsburg Dispatch
the toothache tree is a South Carolinian.
It was noticed in 1739.
The Southern Female University was
burned to the ground at Birmingham,
Ala. One girl wa?; fatally burned while
going back after her engagement ring.
Five hundred tons of cannel co'd
were shipped from Norfolk to Lond jn
last week.
During 1893 435 buildings were
erected in Roanoke, notwithstanding
the dull times.
An effort is being made to arrange a
permanent exhibit of Virginia's re
Sources at Richmond. It is believed
Such a combination will be of much
advantage from an advertising stand
point alone. Col. A. S. Buford, pres
ident of the Virginia World's Fair
board, and Henry W. Wood,
president of the State Agricultural and
Mechanical Society, are interested.
VIRGINIA ELECTIONS.
Declaration of the Official Vote for the Gov
ernor and Lieutenant-Governor.
Richmond, Va. The vote cast for
Governor and Lieutenant-Governor at
the elections held Nov. 7. was canvass
ed before the legislature with the fol
lowing result: For governor, O'Ferrall
127,949,, Coke 81,239, Miller 6,962,
scattering, 16. For lieutenant-governor,
Kent 128,526, Beverly 78,916,
Tyler 6,658. The returns were not
received from Scott county for lieuten
ant governor. O'Ferrall's vote was
1,400.
The Democratic members of the leg
islature assembled in caucus at the
capitol and nominated Gen. Eppa Hun
ton for the United States' Senate for
the short term by acclamation. The
body immediately proceeded to the
nomination of a senator for the long
term. Result of the first ballot: Mar
tin 55, Lee 16, Goode 15, Conrad 2,
.Mcjnqpy 3,-Iqcker 1- St'iiuud bttfc
lot: Martin 57, Lee 19, Goode 14, Con
rad 2, McKinneyl. Third ballot: Mar
tin 60, Lee 51, Goode 11, Conrad 2,
McKinneyJ. Fourth ballot: Martin
59, Lee, 50; Goode 12, McKinney 1.
Fifth ballot: Martin 60, Lee 52, Goode
12. Sixth ballot: Martin 66, Lee 56,
McKinney 1, Hunton 1. Necessary to
a choice, 63. Thomas S. Martin hav
ing received more than the vote re
quired was declared the nominee, and
it was made unanimous The hall and
lobby rang with cheers from the
friends of the succesbful candidate;
the caucus then adjourned.
The defeat by Thos Martin of Gen.
Fitzhngh Lee for the Democratic
nomination for United States Senator
ship was a surprise to the Ex-Governor's
friends. These have for days
been asserting that he was certain to
win. Not five minutes befor the Dem
ocratic caucus assembled one of Gen.
Lee's managers, a prominent Federal
office-holder, asserted that his can
didate would win with hands down.
Nearly every prominent Government
office-holder in Virginia, as well as
those expecting such places, were for
the general. Martin, who defeated
the ex -cavalry commander, is a plain
man of about 45. He has never held
an office and is comparatively little
known in the State, and for that reason
is opposed by certain elements. Martin
is a practical politican and organizer.
A STARTLING MESSAGE.
Gov. McKinney s Plan to Cut Down Criminal
Expenses.
Richmond, Va. At the beginning
of one of the most important sessions
of the Virginia legislature Thursday,
Gov. McKinney submitted a message,
showing the astounding fact that the
criminal expenses of the Btate had in
creased from $78,000 in 1860 to $149,
000 in 1870, and to $321,000 in 1893.
To check this he recommends fixed
salaries for prosecuting attorneys, pay
ment of costs by parties , who bring
needless prosecutions,, and enlarged
jurrisdiction of justices.
The most important feature of the
message is a propositon to revolution
ize the oyster interests by renting the
state oyster grounds, 'amounting to
abont one million acres, at $1 per
acre.
The Governor approves' the , actio'"'
i iif .. il T 5
oi xne military in queuing me iwu
oke riot and deprecates lynch law,
The state's revenue has been increased
$50,000 without change of rate in tax
ation. .' Another Health Resort.
Advices from North Wilkesboro, N.
G. state that plans have been perfect
ed for organizing a company to con
vert What" is known as "Smoak
Springs" into a health resort. The
springs ' are about six miles from
Wilkesboro, and contain many medi
cinal properties. The plan is to erect
a hotel, build a boulevard on the
mountain summit and make the place
attractive in other ways. The company
is to be called the Brushy Mountain
Iron & Lithia Springs Co.
A Fayetterille Bank Closed.
The Fayetteville, N. C, branch of
the Co-operati.ve Bank of the Caroli
nas, was closed by Sheriff Smith, of
Cumberland county, by order of State
Treasurer Tate, upon statements as to
the bank's condition made bjr - Bank
Examiner Dowd. :
PAYING THE SUGAR BOUNTY.
Commissioner Miller Estimates That It Will
Take $ 1 1,000: 000 to Do It.
Washington, D. 0. The Internal
Revenue Bureau of the Treasury De
partment is beginning to receive claims
for sugar bounty on this year's crop,
and first payments have been made at
the Treasury. The sugar season began
in September, and one firm has already
filed claims for 15,000,000 pounds of
beet sugar, a considerably increased
production over that of last season.
The Louisana sugar season began in
October. Commissioner Miller esti
mates that it will require $11,000,000
to pay 4his season's bounty. So far
$400,000 have been paid.
General Southern Immigration.
''' A charter has been granted at . Alex
andria, Va., to the National Immigra
tion and Colonization Association,
having for its purpose to endeavor to
induce foreign immigrants to settle in
the Southern States. The capital stock
is placed at $500,000, and Wm. T.
Riggs, of Washington, D. C, is pres
ident; P. Donan, of Mississippi, vice-
fresidint, and J. W. Rarlett, of Wash
ngton, secretary.
A Colored Clerical Crook.
New Tobk. The Rev. Benjamin
Gaston, a colored minister, who is
charged with defrauding a number of
colored people by receiving money
from them for the alleged purpose of
sending them to Liberia, this morn
ing waived extradition papers when
brought to the district attorney's of
fice." He is wanted in Georgia. De
tectives will take him back to Georgia.
Some Fine Fire-Works at Wilmington.
Wilmington, N. C The festivities
of Wilmington's Welcome Week closed
with cloudless skies and delightful
temperature. Bicycle races occupied
the afternoon, and at night 15,000
people witnessed the most magnificent
display of fire-works ever seen in the
State. Clouds overspread the city
durin g the displ ay , bu t this only h j gh t
ened the effect. -
The North Carolina Conference.
Wilmington, N. C. In the second
day's session of the Eastern North
Carolina Conference of the M. E.
Church, South, it was decided to
memorialize the next general confer
ence of the Church to transfer to the
.Nnttli Cnrplif" ""nfrrm'it Hint "jjnirT
of ihe territory of the Virginia con
ference which lies this side of the Vir
ginia line.
A Half Million Failure iif New York.
New Yobk. N. J. Sciiloes & Co.,
wholesale dealers in and manufactur
ers of boys' clothing, at 653 and 655
Broadway, assigned to Simon Wolf,
giving 27 preferences, the only amount
mentioned being the Importers' and
Traders' bank for $20,000. The liabilities-
are between $550,000 and
$500,000. Two months ago they
claimed assetts of $1,200,000 in Btock
and accounts.
Intensely Cold Weather North.
Washington, D, C. Intensely cok'
wenther prevails all over Iho country
north of Waehington. It is seriously
embarrassing the Lehigh Vail iy Rai -read
Company in ita contention with
itc tlviking employees. At St. Johns
liorp', Vt , the thermometer registered
22 below zero Tuesday morning.
An Advanced Colored Farmer.
As a sample of what industrious col
ored people can do in the South,
Louis Patton, a colared farmer of
Bradley county, Ark., has been award
ed three premiums at fairs in Mem
phis, Tenn., and Shreveport, La.,
within the last two years for specimen
bales of short-staple cotton.
A Very Active Woman.
Mrs. Jennie Atchley, - of Texas, hae
eight hundred colonies of bees, devoted
entirely to queen rearing. She is the
most extensive breeder of queen bees
in the world. She is 38 years oTd and
has eight children, with whose help
she does all the work in her apiary.
Contracts Awarded for the Twin Cunboats.
Washington, D. C. Secretary Her
bert awarded the contract for two of
the three gunboats for the construc
tion of which Jbids were recently open
ed, to the Newport News Ship and
Dry Dock Co., cf Newport News, Va.,
at its bid of $280,000 for each vessel.
Verdict Against the City for f 5,000. .
New ObijEans, La. The yerdict in
the case of the Italian Abagnatto
vs. the city of New Orleans, was open-
Ud a4,ihe jury gave the plaintiff $5,-
les.
Northern Capital.
Among the improvements at Colum
bus, N. C. , are several . erected by
Frank Stearns, of Berea, O., who has
inv. ted heavily in real estate in that
locality.
Wolves in Maine.
It has been long since any wolves
were reported in Maine, but the latest
news is that a few havo got across the
border. Word comes from Spencer
Pond that one was shot near there the
other day. A woman at a camp about
twelve miles from Spencer having ven
tured some ' distance from, the camp
was chased by a wolf clear up to her
own door, and believes she heard two
or three more of the beasts cot far be
hind. On her arrival a man at the
camp snatched a gun, rushed out and
shot the beast before he had time to
retreat to the woods. Lewiston Jour
nal. . -
Uy the force ot a wave at Bishop's
Rock lighthouse,' the bell was torn
from its fastenings, although situated
100 f$et above high water mark.
HOUSEHOLD AFFAIRS.
KEEP A SET Or STRAINERS. ,
. There is nothing that makes so
much difference between ordinary and
delicate cooking as a set of strainers.
It is important to own a collection.
There should be one of very fine wire
for sifting soda, spices, etc., and for
staining custards and jellies. There
should . be others with meshes from
oce-sixteenth to one-eighth of an inch
in diameter;4 also a squash strainer
and a colander. Extension wire
etrainers Are convenient. Keep also a
supply of strainer cloths, made from
coarse crash or cheese cloth. New
York Telegram.
THE IRONING OUTFIT.
Whenever it is possible it is well to
keep a separate closet for articles per
taining to ironing. Keep the irons,
starch, bluing, holders, boards, sheet,
blanket and other articles pertaining
to ironing in this closet, which should
be warm and dry and shut off from
the dust. If the ironing-boards are
kept in a closet in general nse, it is
best to put them in bags of bed-ticking
or some other heavy cotton, and
hang them up where they will be free
from dust and dirt. If they nre kept
in a closet reserved for the ironing
material they need not be covered.
Tuba and ironing-boards should be
kept in a cold place, and there is no
objection to a little dampness. New
York World.
HOW TO BAKE BREAD.
Half the failures with housekeepers
in making good bread, are due to their
ignorance as to the proper condition
of the oven for baking. For, no matter
how perfectly the pponge may rise or
how well it is worked, if put in a cool
oven it will be porous and tough, and
liable to ferment and become sour.
When bread is ready to bake, the oven
should be very hot, as the heat will
cause it to rise at once almost double
its former size. . A good test for the
inexperienced is to sprinkle a little
flour on the bottom of the oven ; if it
browns immediately the bread can be
safely set in.
If bread is allowed to rise too much
before setting in the oven it ' is apt
to fall and rise again, by which it will
become coarse. This can be prevented
by working the bread done, adding
fresh flour and molding in the pans ;
the flour will keep the bread from
4onjiRgrMt-mrghtawithout it.
After a crust is formed on the bread,
the oven should be allowed to moderate
a little, and be kept at a regular heat
until the bread is done. When taken
from the pans the loaves bhould be
placed, uncovered, in such a position
as will expose the surface to the air.
This will prevent the crust from being
bard, as well as permit the rapid es
cape of gas involved in the process ol
fermentation. Ladies' Home Compan
ion. RECIPES.
Tound Cake One pound of flour,
one pound of 6ugar, lj pounds of but
ter, ten eggs, ono nutmeg grated, one
wineglass of rose water. Beat the
butter and sugar together ; when it is
perfectly light stir in the eggs, which
must have been whisked to a thick
froth ; add the flour, then the nutmeg
and rosewater. Butter your pan, line
it with paper, which should be well
buttered, and pour in the mixture.
Bake it for three hours in a moderate
oven. When the edges of the cak
appear to shrink from the sides of the
Dan the cake will bo done.
Fried. Cakes To make nice fried
oakes which are free from grease, the
following is excellent : One and one
half teacupfuls each of sugar and sour
milk, two well beaten eggs, four table
spoonfuls of melted butter, a pinch of
salt, one teaspoonful of soda dissolved
in a little water. Flavor with nutmeg.
Mix all together and add enough flour
to roll without sticking. Fry one-half
lard and one-half tallow. To prepare
the tallow, boil it in water until
melted. Let it cool and remove the
tallow.
French Rolls Take one-half pint of
scalded milk and one yeast cake. Al
low this to cool, then add one-half
tablespoonful . of butter (melted) and
the same of lard, a tablespoonful of
sugar, a teaspoonful of salt and a quart
of sifted flour. Mix, and let this stand
over night in a warm place. Knead
hard in the morning, then roll it out
about an inch thick. Spread this over
with butter, and cut as if for biscuit,
fold together, put them in a pan and
let them rise again. They must be
very light each time. Jiake as you
would biscuits. Unless you have
late breakfast it is difficult to serve
these on time, but they are very nice
for dinner, and can be warmed over
for breakfast. If desired for dinner,
set the sponge about 9 s. m.
Macaroni a la XJreme Break one-
half pound of pipe macaroni into inch
pieces, wash them thoroughly, and
place in a farina boiler, with hot wa
ter enough to cover the whole. After
swelling out add one tablespoonful of
salt, boil ten minutes and then drain
off the water. Pour a large cup of
sweet milk over it, and let it cook un
til tender. While the above is cook
ing heat one cup of milk in a pipkin or
porcelain-lined kettle until it boils.
Thicken this with one teospoonfal of
flour p-'""" sly dissolved in cold wa-
f f
ter;e tablespoonful of butler
and lrto. egg. Mix all thoroughly
together, and cook a few minutes un
i it thickens, then dish up the maca
roni, pour the sauce over it and Berve,
English is spoken by 90,000,000 of
people ; Russian, by 75,000.000; Ger
man, 56,000,000; French, 40,00), 000;
Spanish, 38,000,000 ; Italian, 20,000,
000; Portuguese, 14,000,000, and
Scandinavian, 9,000,000,
To Utilize Sea Cnrrentf.
A Greek engineer, who was educated
in the United States, has conceived a
plan for lighting the city of Constan
tinople, and all the Bosphorus from
Cavak, as far as the historic village of
San Stefano, by means of three very
powerful machines to be erected ontuo
three points of tho Bosphorus whore
the current has an extraordinary force,
that is to say, at Arnaout-Keui, Cen
dilly and at Serai-Bournou, at the fen
try of the coast port of the sea of Mar
mora. The project has appeared to bo
so practical and realizable that a com
pany of capitalists has been formed,
the necessary funds subscribed, ana a
demand of a concession has been ad
dressed to the Turkish Government.
The latter, on the other hand, has taken
the project into serious consideration,
and, without losing time, has nominated
a commission ad boo to examine the de
tails and draw up an official detailed
report.
Why They Disliked Him.
Kir William Frazer records a sug
gestive story about a keeper at the
Zoological Gardens. He had been em
ployed on account of his supposed
fondness for animals, but Mas toon
found to have incurred the enmity oi
hi charo-ps. Their enmity waa not
shown at once, but presently became
universal and Btrongly pronouncen.
It was Buspected that while outwardly
treatincr them with kindness ho must
secretly hurt or annoy them. He de
nied having done anytning oi me sorr,
and his general manner seemed to bear
out his protestations. A watch was
set upon mm, witn a curious reuiut.
It appeared that ho , never spoke to
tho animals, and for that reason aloue.
his presence was intolerable io them.
Youth s Companion.
Cleaning Buildings by Sandblast.
The exterior of buildings are now
cleaned by the sandblast instead of tho
hose. The front is covered with stag
ing, and the blast is applied by a sys
tem of pines and nozzles carried by
the workmen. The stream of fine and
issuing from a nozzle removes a layer
1-61 inches thick from the surface of the
stone, and a square foot of surfaco can
be cleaned in ten minutes. Tho sand
can be employed over again. New
York Dispatch.
FIFTY-TEPD OONaKESS.
The Senate.
2d. Dav. Aftor some routino morning
business Mr. Hoar Introduced a rerolutloa
calling on the President for copies ol th n
structiona4o Minister Willi nod AlrcirAl.lrr
win touching Hawaii. It went ov-r at Mr.
Bherman'i suggestion. lou of Mr. Mor
gan'! absence Mr. Dolpb, rn the couns ot
some remarks on the subject ot Hawaii, rx-
I rossed his surprise at the portion oi tho
'resldenfp meraago referring to It. Mr.
Dolpb eto&od bis speech at 3 p. m., when tb
resolutions ot the House on the death ot
Representative Charles O'Neill, ot 1'enDffj-l-vnnla,
were presented, and the Bmiate, out
of respect to Mr. O'Neill's momory adjourned.
8d Day. Mr. Voorhoes introduced two
tills, one declaring a pension a vested right,
regulating suspension of pensions ana
granting appeals to the Supreme Court ot
iheDiblrict of Columbia; the other dettnlni?
sundry crimes against the United Htatcs iu
the administration ot the pension laws
Mr. Manderson Introduced a Mil to
amend the Internal revenue laws- -Mr.
Cullom offered a resolution accenting
from Illinois the statue of General Hhiotds,
and proceeded to address the Senate, eulogiz
ing Oeneral Shields. Mr. Cullom was fol
lowed by Mr. Vest and Mr. Davla Mr.
Hoar's resolution calling for information re
lative to Hawaii was laid before the Senate,
and the author proceeded to attack the coursti
puraued by the Administration, after much
debate it was passed. ,
4th Dat. Mr. Hill gave notloe that ho
would move to take up for consideration the
bill to repeal the Federal Election Laws re
ported from the Committee on the Judi
ciary. Mr. Hoar gave notice that when
the subject was before the Senate ho
should move to refer the bill reported by Mr.
Hill to the Committee on Privileges and Elec
tions. Mr. Jones offered a resolution call
ing upon the Secretary of the Treasury for
a statement of the amount of money
paid from any source slnoo January 1,
1873, to the Untted States Dlptrict Attorney
for the Southern District of New York (other '
than payments on account of salary) as
compensation for examining the titles to .
lands and as compensation in prize causos, 1
and the authority for such payments. ,
5tb:Dat. In the morning hour a motion
by Mr. Kllgore to take up for consideration
the bill admitting Utah Territory as a Statn,
produced two roll calls for the purpose of.
securing a quorum, when the motion fell by,
reason ot the hour expiring The Bank
ruptcy bill was defeated by a vote of 112 to
111.
The House. " -2d
Dat. After the journal had been read
and approved, a large number ot executive
documents were laid before tho House
and referred. These Included annual
reports of bvroau chiefs and heads
of departments. A letter was re
ceived from Governor Altgeld, of!
Illinois, announcing the completion of a
statue to General Shields, which had been!
placed in statuary hall, and invltod the
members to attend Its unveiling. -When
the morning hour expired, Mr. Oaten moved
to take up the Bankruptcy bill, and the mo
tion prevailed. It was determined that gen
eral debate should be limited to six and one
half hours. Mr. Terry spoke against the
bill, and when be had concluded the He-so ""
adjourned. - ,
3d Dat. A resolution providing for a
committee of three Senators and three Repre
sentatives to Investigate the rank, pay
and all other matters relating to the
personnel ot employes In the navy,
led to a protracted ' dlaouHBlon.
Mr. Grosvenor offered a resolution
giving the names of 1900 Ohio pensioners
dropped from the rolls, and asking for a
reason and other Information from the Sec
retary of tho Interior. -At 1.80 the apo
dal order wa taken up, being a reso
lution to accept from the State of Illinois
a statue ot General James Shields, and .
assign it a place In Statuary Hall. Mr.
Springer explained the circumstances under
which the statue bad been prepared and
gave a biographical sketch of General
Shields. After the delivery of eulogies as a
further mark of respect- the Houso ad
journed. 4th Dat General debate on the Bank
ruptcy bill was concluded, Mr. Bailey sum
ming up m opposition and Mr. Oates npuak
ing for the measure. A resolution grant
ing the use of tho Monument ground
and public reservations to the Execu
tive Committee of the Knights ot rythln
for the annual encampment of that order, to
le held next August, was adopted. A re
solution was adopted authorizing tho em
ployment of several additional clerks iii1
laborers and assistant doorkeepers, la order
to bring the Capitol force up to a standard
of proper efaclencTt . -v - 4
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