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THE WEEKLY GAZETTE
BATES OF UDTEETI8IN0. One square one Uartfaa.,....$ M One square, one month. 1 00 One square, two month 2 00 One square, three monUu 2 60 One square, six months. 6 00 One square, one year... 9 00 d" Liberal contracts made for larger adTerUaeaaata. A WEXXLT HXW8FATZS rausxzn n JAMES H. TOUHG, Editor anfPfp, j IT. & ITCH ELL swd A, J. KVOERS, C antral Tntn&ag Agent, in. h w itt rww h nwMMHivannwwnwMMiB RALEIGH, N. 0,. SATURDAY, OCTOBER 311896- NO- 37. VOL. VIII. 3E IVcEHLY GAZETTE. p' (H- A 7 PTT Ifr FREE LUMBER FACTS. DEMOCRATIC- POLICY CLOSES - HALF THE LUMBER MILLS. oixty jtnousanu liumoermen uosinz ; at tbo Kate of Forty Million Dol lars a Year In Wages Canadian Competition Kills American Trade "I believe we can make no permanent progress in the direction of tariff re form until we free from taxation the raw materials which lie at the founda tion of our industries. Bough lumber has beon placed upon the free list, aud only a slight duty retained on planed aud grooved boards. We found a rate of 31.12 per cent, and left a rate of 23.63." Hon. William Jennings Bryan, in Congress. 3Vlr. Bryan has even been more Out spoken, in his advocacy of absolute free trade, than President Cleveland or Hon. William L. Wilson. In fact, we do not know any public man who is a more pronounced adherent of this British heresy. Mr. Bryan gloried in free wool. Mr. Bryan reveled in free lumber. This week we show the effect of the policy of free raw material as far as it concerns the lumber interests of the United States. At the close of last week we had re ceived reports from 290 American lumber mills. Each one of thes9 re ports stated briefly the number of hands employed, and the wages paid them by the mil, during the month oi July, 1802 almost two years after the McKinley tariff had been in opera tion and also during the month of July, 1896 almost two years after the Gorman-Wilson tariff bad been in operation. As showing the benefits, or otherwise, derived respectively un der the policies of protection and of free trade, nothing can be fairer than the results after two years' experience with each policy. Their effect upon the American lumber industry has been as follows : Bands employed. No. of July, July, mills. 1892. 1898. 290 24,339 13,766 -Wages p&Mt July, July, 18M. 1S96. T5,270 $1125,715 rati xeade marcix. . . "" "" Hands indie In July, 1893... .irX.'. 10,573 Wages lost In July, 1896 $325,555 The great benefit of the free raw material policy has consisted in en abling 10,573 men, out of 24,339 bands in 290 lumber mills, to take a vacation without pay. The decrease in the employment of lumbermen, through Bryan's free trade policy, was approximately 43 per cent. The loss, in wages to the lumber men, during their July vacation this year, was $325,555, also approximately 43 per cent., or at the rate of $3,906, 660 a year. This is the "great bene fit" that free trade in lumber has been to 10,573 lumbermen who were busily employed in July, 1892, under the McKinley policy of protection. It appears that the . average of monthly wages paid in each year was just about the same, therefore the indications are that the American lumber mills are being entirely shut down and that Amerioan lumbermen are entirely idle, while Canadian mills and Canadian lumbermen are actively employed. From later advices received, we believe that the condition of the Amerioan lumber industry is worse than it was three months ago. The proof submitted of the disastrous effect of free trade in lumber is more than ample. If the same ratio of loss (43 per cent.), as has been shown by the 20C lumber mills reporting to us, be applied to all similar mills in the United States, then the loss in wages to all American lumbermen is at the rate of about forty million dollars a year. This is the result of the Democratic policy of free trade- It is what Bryan believes in. It is what Bryan voted for. It is what Bryan would give us more of, though he cowardly shirks the issue at preeent and says, "We won't discuss the tariff question just now." McKinley and protection will restore the American lumber industry to its former prosperous condition of 1892. Lumbermen should vote the straight Republican ticket. Free Trade In Colleges. ! 1 Every year since the triumph of the free trade party in 1892 numbers of college students in all our colleges have been forced to give up their col lege course on account of "hard times." It would seem as though this personal knowledge of the evils of par tial free trade would tend to modify the free trade doctrines with which so many of our college professors have striven, with rather poor success so far, to inoculate the students. Un doubtedly it has had effect In the case oi. All those professors who are open to conviction and who are willing to acknowledge that theories must rest on facts, not on fancies. It certainly has had effect on the students and has allayed a tendency toward free trade in more than one college. What Shall We Do for Oar Ships! ' Shall we accept as inevitable our present humiliating and unprofitable position, or shall we use means at command to regain our lost power and prestige on the ocean? Shall we give that protection and encouragement to our shipping interests that other Na tions give to theirs, and whioh we free ly give to all our other great inter ests? Or shall we, by continued neg lect, suffer them to be utterly de stroyed? At a meeting of the clgarmakers of Tampa, Flu., held about two weeks ago. It was de eded to strike la one factory at a time until the manufacturers save up their cheroot de er.!! mentH, where regular cigars were being la many cases the manufacturers 2.e ngreed to the request made by their flam i5' rork has been remimed. BRIAN AMD NEBRASKA FARMERS. Gain Under McKinley Protection, But Lose Through Bryanlsm." The farmers of Nebraska have a lit tle scorn to settle with Hon. William Jennings Bryan, just as the eleven thousand odd people in that State have who were compelled to draw all their savings out of the savings banks to enable them to exist during the hard times that Bryan voted for when he helped to pass the Gorman-Wilson hybrid tariff. It ia this way with the Nebraska farmers. Duringthe long era of Bepub lican protection their live stock had grown to be worth $86,023,808 in 1890. Then came the McKinley tariff and it increased by $10,424,020, up to $96, 447,828, during the next three years, before the country was afflicted with a Democratic Administration and the threat of free trade. Democracy meant disaster to the farmers of Nebraska, just as it did to the farmers in erery other State. After three years of Democracy and only a couple of years of the advance step toward free trade the value of Ne braska live stock fell to $55,381,849 at the beginning of 1893, a loss of $11,065,979 in three years. Bryan may like to paste these figures in his hat for ready reference when he talks to the farmers around his home: TALUK OB7lJ &J0XA UTS 8X00X2 Jan 1. Period. Value. 1890 Protection ..... , ,r -,986,023,808 1893 Protection (McKinley. 86.417.823 McKinley protection inor .. 10,424,020 1896 Free trade fBnranl..... A. 65.381.849 Bryan free trade ceoreees "41,065, 97 9 In 1890 there were 113, 60S farms in Nebraska, and every one of the owners of these 'arms has been more or less" injured by the adoption of the free trade polioy that Bryan voted for some more and some less. The aver age loss to every Nebraska'farm since 1893, through the depreciation of the value of its live stock, has been $361. 50. With free silver perhaps Bryan will refund this loss that he voted for. Then, again, perhaps he won't. Farm ers should make sure upon this point before they vote for Bryan, Bryamism, more free trade and still cheaper live itock. GormoTWBolOL V 1 115.0001 AVERAGElMPOnTOf CATTLE Jfearltj dvcTfle of oTeiiju cattle TriQTkeled m the Uniled! Kco4 r .StoUs under tie proteciton of tfie LHi per bead on a&Ik over W year ofi),sJwal 15.009 I n-r- 7 o y the short itanjonietef uiso, we tjcorii cvcicge un-j jsrjjw GoTrnanTorijwtth jis j epciT d oot8 C Dutjj 20 aweg-, jT99c,mcdtlewfTmfiejearld)r i shown by the Ml. ihjmmelzri By tJiistncons Wr form ers hove ,in tKe'past iwo'uears - . j UPPKPPJ Kea4 . been stat oulfcf over Urree mill- f km Jollflrs.inlhe cattl mrVd "The Nation's Ilicetl Man." Candidate Bryan's favorite way of alluding to the President of the United States as the Nation's 'hired man" is quite in keeping with his constant lack of dignity in all the relations of life. The term, however, suggests some very good reasons why Mr. Bryan should not be "the Nation s hired man." If we hired a man to run a vast enterprise and he ran the busi ness on sach principles that he showed a loss instead of a gain ; a deficit in stead of a surplus ; increase . in our in debtedness instead of a lessening of it, we would soon turn him out and put in a "hired man" who would run the business on different principles. The Government has been run, during this Administration, in accordance with the free trade principles 'ad vocated and voted for by Mr. Bryan, and put into force by bis help. The result -has been an increase in our bonded indebtedness of over $262, 000,000 in three years. When the Nation's business was conducted on the principles laid down by Major Mc Kinley the National indebtedness was reduced at the rate of over $60,000,000 per year for twenty-seven consecutive years. When it comes to choosing a "hired man," the voters will choose the man whose methods enable the Nation to pay its old debts and meet its running expenses instead of the man whose methods compel the Nation to add to its indebtedness. The next President will not be the Boy Orator of the Platte with his British system of free trade, but William McKinley, of Ohio, the apostle of the American system of protection, who will open the mills instead of monkeying with the mints. The Debt of Democracy, The following significant figures are taken from the Treasury Department'! statistics: July, 1865, at the close of the war... . $2,381,580,295 July, 1893 .....7 685,037,000 Deorease In twenty-eight yeara of RefsOLan adniin- istratlon..gMtt..fc.. 1,796.493,295 October 1. .Jr. . 147,864,260 March 1, 1893.. 685,034,26 Increase In three years and six months of Democrats free trade and its threat. $282,830,000 Thb leg or a luritey ia mure satisfy in th&n a rabbit's foot. . IS 1 I ' ? i ALL THt I TUB LATEST NEWS ARRANGED PAR AG R APIII C ALLY. Happenings Both Home and Foreign, As Well as From the North, East and West. Notes From 1 he South. J. Sterling Morton, Secretary of Ag riculture, was hanged in effigy at Al exander, Va. Arthur Dunlap, aged 11 years, acci dentally shot his brother Willie, three years older, at Atlanta, Ga. James Sanders, a farmer, living near Daisy, lenn., was killed by a charge from his own gun while on a squirrel hunt. The Daughters of the .Confederacy of the State of Georgia met in Macon. Hon. T. B. R. Cobb, of Atlanta, ad daessed the meeting. In Person county, North Carolina, a race riot between whites and blacks was brought about by politics. Several wounded, but none seriously. The toll gates of Franklin county, Ky., has been raided and every gate on the three roads in the northwestern part of the county destroyed. One negro was killed and two others fatally wounded in a riot at Hager Station, Florida. They had qaarreled with their employer at a lumber mill. Joseph D. Kier" an, lawyer, notary public and reporter for the New Or leans Telegrczu, vrus fined iu and cent to the parish prison 15 days for dis turbing the Palmer and Buckner meet ing there. The Supreme Court of Georgia has denied a new trial to Tom Delk, the young outlaw under sentence of death for the murder of the sheriff of Pike county. Taylor Delk, the father of Tom, was given another chance to prove his innocence. Throughout the North Babbits are causing an epidemic of diphtheria in some parts of Iowa. December wheat took a big tumble on the Chicago board of trade Thurs day. . A Russian passenger from Havanna, Cuba, dies of yellow fever at Swinburne Island, N. T. John R. Gentry tried for a first re- cord of 2 minutes for a harness horse Tuesday at Terre Haute but failed,1 his time being 2:04. i H. B. Schnaubelt, a member of the band of anarchists who caused thej Hay market riots in Chicago, HI., died in San Francisco, Cal. j I The House of Bishops, in session in New York, has decided not to elect a bishop for Asheville, N. C, because! of poor financial condition of the State's diocese. Thursday President Cleveland made a speech on the occassion of the sesqui centennial anniversary of the College of New Jersey, at Princeton. He re-' fused to be made an LL. D. I The prevalence of typhoid fever at Salt Lake City, Utah, caused the board of health there to inspect the water supply. It was found to be pure. Thd disease was attributed to bad milk. I A prominent Episcopal rector of Philadelphia, Pa., has signed an agree ment with the wardens of his church that he will never preach oyer fifteen! minutes, except on special ana extra ordinary occasions. ! The Board of Inquiry at Ellis Island, New York, has decided that the 1671 Armenians who arrived last week from Turkey cannot be admitted to this country. Judgment is suspended with regard to some fifteen or twenty of the number. Political Dots , There will be no fusion between! Populists and Democrats in Georgia. I Democrats' and Populists of Ten nessee have refused to have fusion on Presidential electors. Secretary Carlisle will not vote in the Presidential election on November 3d. According to the official figures of the New York election bureau, which has been made public, the total regis-, tration in that city is 330,976. . Mr. Bryan Wednesday spoke at San dusky, O., at Richmond, Ind., to 5,000 people in one audience and 4,000 in another, and at Tiffin, O., to 8,000 people waiting in the rain to hear him ; at Huntsville. Ind., to 15,000 people. At Richmond he criticized Harrison for supporting Cleveland's financial policy in his speeches. Foreign. The British, parliament will re-assemble January 25th. The Bank of England rate of dis count has been advanced from 3 per cent, to 4 per cent. A Madrid.' Spain special savs the' shipment of 35,000 reinforcements to Cuba will begin early in November. News from Constantinople says Jnited States Consul Luther Short, ttationed there,- will in all probability, board the United States gunboat Ban-' iroft at Smyrna, and that she will pass hrough the Dardanelles as an ordi- What Minister Terrel Says. Hon.A.W.Terrell,theTJnited States Minister to Turkey, has given to the Associated Press the first explicit and authorized statement ntrom an official source regarding the mission of the United States eteamshlD Bancroft in the Levant. He siid: "The report that the .uanoroit wui, uuaer instructions, torce the Dardenelles la too ridiculous for serious notice. The fact of the mattar la that r h. not applied for the entry of a dispatch boat to Constantmoplesince (February. ;so the Biatcuicuv mat x nave tiuuiiuonea or with drawn an application is entirely without foun dation. I nave not even mentlnnArl tha mk. Ject of a dispatch boat to the Porte since February. The relations between Turkey and the United States are cordial." HI fORLD NEWS FU03I WASHINGTON. Although the State Department officials decline to make public any Information re specting advices received relative to the procedure in the trial pf the Competitor prisoners at Havana it can be stated that so far as the two American prisoners, Laborde and Melton, are concerned, they will enjoy all the privileges accorded by the Cushing rotocoL This means that they will be til owed to name attoveys and advocates who shall have access to them at suitable times that they shall be furnished la due season copies of the accusations and a list of wit nesses for the prosecution, which latter shall be examined before the supposed criminal. his attorneys and advocates, that they shall have the right to compel the at- tendance of witnesses in their behalf or to use depositions, that they may present such " evidense as they deem essential to their case; and that they shall be permitted to be present and to make their defense L public trial, or y orally in writing, by themselves or by means ; of their counsel. Whether or not they will be i tried before the civil courts or a court mar- 1 tial depends upon whether or not they were captured with arms in hand; in the latter i case the protocol permits a court martial J trial, hut p.xcn in thin fftqft thu nrru.Al!ir.t will be vastly different from those unuer which the prisoners were so summarily con victed and sentenced to death by the first na vel court martial, without opportunity tc choose their own counsel or even to alto gether understand the evidence given agalnsf them In Spanish. - -I- The third and final session of the board o directors of the Catholio University of Amer lea was very brief and the only business trans acted was that of changing the annual meet ing from the Wednesday after Easter, which in practice has been fnund generally incon venient to the second Wednesday of October in order to coincide with the annual meeting of archbishops. The board also issued the following statement before adjourning:. , I "The board wishes it to be understood by the public that there are absolutely no fac tions or sectional , differencmoEg-ihe" uJJXSitcrs-. xiiB election of the candidates for the rectorship was practically unanimous. To speak of the triumph of this or that party, of Conservatism or Liberalism, Nationalism or Americanism, is to misrepresent the whole situation. All the members of the board are equally American in spirit They have but one thought and that is the welfare of the university and its . steady progress to the -highest Catholic education.1' Minister Lazo Arriaga of Guatemala has returned from a visit to that country and says the Central American exposition to be held at Guatemala City, beginning March 15, promises to be an important event for the countries of that locality. The buildings will be completed by December. They are handsome and extensive structures, modeled after those of the Marseilles exposition. The United States has been invited to participate end it is hoped that at the coming session congress will take steps to have an adequate representation, as the commercial interests between this country and the Central Ameri can group are extensive. American mer chants are expected to embrace the opportu nity to display their goods before the Central Americans and thus enlarge the market for American goods in that section. The roof and upper nails of Ebenezer (col ored) Methodist Church on Capitol Hill fell in, burying in the ruins Samuel Brown. Wm. Johnson, A. W. Dangerfield and Abraham Lee, all negroes. The men were taken out alive, but some of them were seriously in jured internally. The church was damaged by the recent storm and men were engaged in making repairs. Lieutenant C. H. Lyman, of the cruiser Montgomery has been convicted by a naval court of drunkenness while the ship lay at Key West, Fla., several months ago and has been sentenced to lose six numbers in his grade. The senteuce has been approved by Admiral Bunce. who ordered th6 trial. WORSE THAN IN CUBA. Spanish Brutality Wholly Unrestraln the Philippines. A San Francisco (GaL) special to a local paper, says: The Cuban atrocities are mild compared with those taking place In the Pbiliplne Islands, where the Spanish are try ing to suppress a revolt of the natives. Some indication of affairs have been learned from Oriental papers. The most shocking inci dent of fhe bloody reprisals was the treat ment of a Spanish lieutenant and his family. The Spanish had captured a number of prisoners and as an object lesson to the natives disemboweled two and hung their bodies on one of the gates of the town. The infuriated rebels, eager for vengeance,' gathered a force aud hurried to the home of a Spanfsh lieutenant on the outskirts of Ma nilla. They eaptured the officer and his wife and 12-year-old daughter, and then began a bloody scene of torture. The most savage instincts of the natives were aroused. Before the eyes of his wife and daughter, the lieu tenant's skin was slit all over his body. Then the torturers crucified him, pinning him out it reched to a tree with their long knives. They tortured the woman and girl, giving the fullest play to their 'animal instincts and wreaking disgusting vengeance before the dying eyes of the husband and father. The Spanish are doing their best to keep the news of these atrocities from leaving the islands, opening and inspecting all the mail. They particular? desired to keep unknown the death of thirty-eight prisoners In one night in "the black hole." - , steals and Absconds to Europe. A special from Augusta, Ga., says: J. Barry Walker, treasurer of the Port Royal Railroad, at Port Boyal, 8. C, absconded, aod when the books of 'the company were turned over to President John B. Cleveland, It was found that Walker was short $ 29,000 or $30,000. It is believed the stealing has been going on for some time. At the time the shortage was discoverea he was then on his way to Europe with $10,000 in cash of the company's money. He had been in the em ploy of the company for years, and was con sidered a most exemplary man of high social standing. He is about 85 years of age, and it has only been a few weeks since he was mar ried to a daughter of Dr. WJbite, who is now heart-broken. Mlxt 1 Educatloaal Law. The case of the State of Florida vs. B. D. Rowley came up before Judge Call in the Cir cuit Court at Green Cove Springs last week. The case has attracted much attention as the result would test the constitutionality of the famous Sheats anti-mixed school law. The charge against the defendant was "teaching white persons and negroes in the same class." Rowley Is a teacher In the Orange Park Bchool, which is operated under the direc tion of the American Missionary society of New York. Ater exhaustive arguments the Indictment was quashed, thus declaring the law unconstitutional and void. Army of Uniformed Evangelists. " The New York Herald says: The Protestant Episcopal Church of the United State) is about to . organize an army of uniformed evangelists, who will be under military dis cipline and compete with the Salvation Army and the American Volunteers in the field of Christian work among the poor. This Im portant project has been decided upon at meeting of prominent clergymen from differ ent parts of the country. The plans will In clude the best features of the Salvation irmy i ana oi tne unurca Army of England, from waicU the former organisation sprang. MP P1B III Kill CREAM OF THE NEWS, CULLED FROM THE DAILY PAPERS. Which Will be of More or Less Inter est to the General Reader. It Is stated by officials that the reports coming from New Orleans as to an exciting controversy at Havana between Gen. Fitz hugh Lee, United States Consul Genera), and Gen. Weyler, over the attempted apprehen sion of a Mexican named Fernandez on board of the American ship Vigilancia give a signifi cance and importance to the event not war ranted by the facts. If there was any ap prehension that war would result, that feel ing must have been confined entirely to Ha vanna, for the law on the subject Is so clear and its application has been so firmly estab lished by precedent that the officials here were In no doubt as to the outcome. Consul General Lee has not informed the State De partment .of the a'Talr and the fact that he dtfnot deem It -wortby.of the -expense of cabling, but will treat it only in the routine, way through maJJ, Is evidence of the Impor CNITZD STATES CONSUL LII. tanoe he accorded to the Incident. The Spanish authorities received Havana ad vices fully explaining the case, but these advices were of au entirely pacific char-" acter and treated the matter as an Incident which has been satisfactorily adjusted be tween General Weyler and Consul General Les, without any breach of their friendly re lations. The facts as reported are substan tially these: Gen. Weyier ordered the arrest of Fernandez as a suspect, not knowing at the time of the issuance of the order that he was on bo&rd an American ship. Later Gen eral Lee notified the Spanish authorities that the Yigilincia was an American ship, which under our treaty rights had an immunity from search and seizure for suspects In tran sit to other ports. - General Weyler promptly acceded to the position taken by Gen. Lee and the affair ended. No protests or claims were submitted to Washington by either side. It Is said positively that the reports that Gen. Weylerever contemplated firing on the Vigil aacin or trained the guns of Morro Castle on the ship are incorrect. It is intimated in official circles here that,' although no regular formal leave has yet been Issued to Gen. Fitzhugh Lee to absent himself from his post as Consul General at Havana, that he has arranged the business of the Consul Generalship so that it may be left, for a time at least, to the care of Mr. Sprin ger, our energetic Vice Consul General. It Is expected, therefore, that he will soon pay a visit to his home In Richmond. It is under-: stood from the same source that General Lee is in no respect dissatisfied with his office or with the relations that now exist between himself and the authorities at Havana, but he has undergone a trying and particularly un healthful season at Havana while engaged in the discbarge of onerous duties and feels the need of recuperation. A visit of course will afford an opportunity for Secretary Olney to confer with General Lee as to the present as pect of affairs on the Island, but further than above stated it cannot be gathered that the Consul General's movements have any sig nificance as affecting the relations between Spain and the United States. I William A. Richardson, Chief Justice ot the Court of Claims, died, at his home here, aged 74 years. He had been ill for some months past with a complication of diseases and owing to bis advanced age bis death had been generally expected. He declined a Superior Court Judgeship In 1869 and in the same year be-' came Assistant Secretary of the United States Treasury. He went to Europe as the finan- rial agent of the government in 1871 to nego-; tlate for the sale of the funded loan and made the first contract abroad for the sale of bonds. In 1873 he became Secretary of the Treasury, resigning in 1874 to accent a seat' on the bench of the Court of Claims, of," whteh he became Chief Justice in 1885. This position he held at the time of his death Judge Richardson was the author of a num ber of publications of a financial and legal character. For the three months of this fiscal year the receipts from internal revenue have been $37,794,887 against $37,774,479 for the corres-l onding three months of 1895. The principal terns of revenue are: Spirits, $19,944,645,1 an increase of $1,092,617; tobacco, 7,370,407il a decrease of $705.137 ; fermented liquors.1 $10,133,571, a decrease of $255,629; oleomar garine, $269,091. a decrease of $69,242; mis cellaneous $77,170, a decrease of $12,299. Filled cheese at a tax of 1 cent a pound ap pears for the first time among items of reve nue, the tax collected from Sept. 4, when the law went into effect, being $1,215. For Sep-I tember, 1896. the collection trom internal revenue were $12,009,120, as against $12- 001,956 in September, 1895. The corner-stone of the Hall of HistoryJ the first of the buildings to comprise the American University, was laid here Tuesday.' ,Tho ceremonies were conducted by the! venerable senior bishop, of the Methodist Church, Thomas M. Bowman, assisted by the officers of the district grand lodge of Masonsj Bishop Hurst, Chancellor, took a prominent part. -I- The President has removed Postmaster John H. Levis at Black River Falls, Wis..' and appointed David Thompson as bis sue-; cessor. The summary action in dismissing Levis is due to disclosures of alleged corrup tions entered into to obtain office. -I- Secretary of War Lam ont has transmitted to the Secretary of the Treasury his estimates of the appropriations required by the War Department for the next fiscal year. The aggregate Is $52,875,638.27. A Banana Company Falls. The" Blueflelds Banana company.JIwhose headquarters are at Galveston, Tex., with a branch In New Orleans, La., has made au assignment. Liabilities are about $60,000, with assets valued at $25,000. The company was organized in October, 1890, and had three steamers, which plied between Galves ton and Central American ports. Or late years the steamers have come direct to New Orleans, and the company transacted most of its business from there. F. Conger ot Gal veston was president and John Wilson of New Orleans was vice president. General de- ereeaion ot business is given as the cause of e fsjlnre. MP THE STATE FAIR. A List of the Prize-Wlnners and Other Notes. President Benehan Cameron has re ceived hundreds of congratulations upon the admirable State Fair. He shows forty-two horses front his farm at Farintosh and wins several prizes. H. B. Bagwell, of Wake, won first prize for cotton; George Vanderbilt prizes for Jersey cattle; John Brad shaw, of Wake, tor Guernseys; Ala mance Stock Farm for Dutch Belted and Devon. Alamance Stock Farm won many prizes for sheep. Prizes for hogs were won by E. W. Benbow, of Oak Bidge, and Alamance Stock Farm. JulianS. Carr wins first prizes for cereals, grasses, butter and other .products from his Occoneechee Farm. It is.the finest exhibit in point of ar rageihent ever made at a fair in he State. Thursday a sham battle of in fantry and artillery was had, in which the Agricultural College cadets partici pated in. The poultry exhibit is the largest and best ever made in the State. The horse-racing was the best that has been witnessed , in a number of years. The attendance was very good. At the State Agricultural (society's annual meeting Thnrfday,m(U artK1T.; Battle presided. Benehan Cameron was re-elected president and John Nichols secretary and treasurer by a rising vote. The following were elected vice presidents: W. R. Cape hart, L. L. Staton, W. J. Green, J. W. Crenshaw, L. Banks Holt, W. A. Smith, E. B. C. Hambley, S. L. Pat terson and G. F. Weston. ' The thanks of the society were spe cially tendered the president and sec retary by a rising vote; also to George Yanderbilt for his agricultural, dairy stock exhibits and the railroads for rates granted, S. B. Alexander gave notice that at the next meeting he Jwould offer a resolution providing "for holding the State Fair at different points, such as Asheville, Charlotte, Newbern and Wilmington. There were no accidents. The weather was perfect and the visitors expressed their appreciation of the admirable fair. ELECTION OF OFFICERS. State Dairymen's and Swine Breeders Associations Meet. , At Baleigh, during Fair Week, the State Dairymen's and Swine Breeders Associations met and elected their dif ferent officers' for the7 ensuing ear. The following are the State Dairymen's officers: Mr. H. A. Whiting, of Wil jmington, president; Mr. Geo. F. Wes jton, of Biltmore, vice-president; Mr. KB. 0. Hambly, of Bock well, secre tary. Board of Directory B. Cam eron, Durham county, N. C; S. B. Alexander, Charlotte, N. C. ; J. S. Carr, Durham, N. C. ; Dr. H. B. Bat tle, Baleigh, N. C; E. B. C. Hambly, Rockwell, N. 0.; Frank E. Emery, Raleigb, N. C. . ! Prof. Kilgore delivered an address upon "Tiff Proptr Feeding of the Dairy Co'w." dressed the Mr. W. 1j. Benbow ad Association upon "The Propriety of Establishing a North Carolina Record Association." Prof. Emoiy advocated the idea of a State Registry, suggested by Mr. Benoow. Other gentlemen made addresses suit able to the occasion, j The Swine Breeders' Association elected the following 'officers: Mr. L L. Hammond, of Alamance county, was chosen president; Mr. W. E. Ben bow, of Guilford county, was elected vice-president; Mr. Frank E. Emory, 'of Raleigh, secretary and treasurer. Board of Directors Dr. H. B. Battle, j. e. uarr, u, x weston, to serve three years; A. S. Speer, S. Ricks, to serve one ytar. The Biblical Recorder, the organ of the Baptist Church in this State makes (an attack on Robert M.' Douglass, who is the Populist and Republican nomi nee for Associate Justice of the State Supreme Court. Douglass is a son of jStephen A. Douglass and is. a Roman Catholic. It is for the latter reason that the attack is made. ( The Soldiers' Home at Raleigh can receive no more inmates. William 0. Stronach, the superintendent, requests this statement. Many applications1 for admission are being made. They all have to be registered. It is not worth while to make them until the appropri ation to the home is increased. Drew Smith, of Stokes county, a member of a family noted for making moonshine whiskey, as well as fight ing, was shot from ambush last week in the mountains, just across the State line. He died from the wound. Tom Chapman, a desperate character, is charged with the shooting. He has not been arrested. The contribution for a memorial window in the First Presbyterian Church in Charlotte in rememberance of the late pastor, Dr. Preston, is nearing the $100 mark. - The corner-stone of Salisbury Vnew city hall has been laid. The building is under way. When completed it will be a credit to the town. Surprise in Georgia. A bomb shell has been exploded in politi cal circles in Georgia by the making public of a letter from Dr. W. H. Felton, ropull3t elector, withdrawing his name from the ticket and pledging his support to Mctfinley. Dr. Felton was at one time member of Cor gross from the Seventh District and has long Been conspicuous in Georgia politics. His course Is construed by many as indicating that there will be a general defection to. Mc Kinley from the Populist ranks in Georgia on account of the treatment ot the Populist StaU oommlttee. 1 IE. SPANISH rRIBIE MINISTER IN EF FECT ADMITS IT. Everybody, Said Il7, Recognized the Fact That the Drain Cannot Long Continue at the Present Pace. The London Dally Standard of a recent date prints a dispatch from Its Mad rid, Spain, correspondent saying that Queen Regent Christina presided at the meeting of the council of ministers. Senor Canovas del Cas tillo, the prime minister, presented a sum maryofthe events which have occurred In Spain and the colonies within the (ast three months and a forecast of the near future, The outlook, he said, showed that great dis tress existed among the people in the south ern and eastern portions ot the kingdomt which would render the collection of taxes during the coming winter a slow work. The withdrawal of 200,000 meu from the plows and mills within the past twenty months, he said, was severely felt and Spain Vcaidlu consequence be obliged to Import large amounts of breadstuff a.- The prosu"Ur tlon ot the war against the insurgents In"1 Cuba and the troubles in the Philippine Islands had dmlinished the exports of manu factured and agricultural products to the West Indies and the Philippine Island", causing great distress and discontent In the towns and rural districts there was visible a feeling of impatience and anxiety, all classes of the people having been lea to DOpfl. tslve results from meir bacnuoea. Everybody, the premier said, recognized the fact that the drain cannot . long continue at the preeent pace. Patriot ism and national pride alone can check the criticisms of the government's course. The Liberals, Democrats, Carlists, and even the Republicans have a sort of Instinctive pre sentment that impels them to cohesion with u view of averting International complica tion! and the dreaded intervention ot the United States government. The gloomiest feature ot the situation, the prime minister Jeclared, is the difficulty which the govern ment finds la obtaining a loan of one billion pesetas to defray the expense of the war In Cuba and the Philippine Islands to strength en the finances of the oountry. i The Spanish press Is almost unanimous in approving the idea advanced by the premier of appealing to native capitalists and banks lor funds to enable the continuation of the wars to a successful issue. AHZEICIH CLAIMS. !; A special from Madrid says: At a meeting of the cabinet the claim of the United States government for damages for losses sustained by Americans In consequence of the enforce ment of Captain Ueneral Weyler'i di'creo prohibiting the export of tobacco from Cuba was considered, but no decision In the matter was reached. The cabinet adopted a resolu tion to send General Polivieja, who some Urns ago was mentioned as General Weyler's possible successor In the captain generalship ot Cuba and Brigadier General Zapp no, to the Philippine I.-lands to esslst Captain Gen eral Blanco In the work ot suppressing the revolution there. It was also resolved to remodel the frigates Numancia and Vlttoria, so they may be put la commission as crul Mra. 4 COJIMERCIAL .KEPOJCTS. Wheat's Sensational Advance Was Dased on Foreign Demand. The following are R. G. Dunn A Co'i and Bradstreet's weekly commercial reports for the past weekt The event of the past week has been the sensational advance in wheat to 83 cents for cash on Tuesday, a rise of cents, and its fall to 77 on Thursday, gaining 1 on Friday, The rise was magnified by speculators who Imagined that the advance had gone too far, but it was at bottom based on a foreing demand, which has engaged grain vessels from all Pacillc as well as At lantic ports for months ahead. How great the shortage In ordinary European supplies may be Is the point of doubt and specu lation, but none now question that shipments from the Pacific coaat to India, and tbe de crease in the Russian yield are important here, and caused buying of tnormous quan tities for export, with enjagements of freight room at highest rates. The Atlantio exports about 900,000 larger thnu lost year, for the week, have been, in Ootolwr, 6,670,213 bushels, flour included, against 6,086 last year. Corn moved largely and at lower prices, having declined a cent for the week. Cotton has ad vanced 1-16 cent, with only moderate transactions, and heavy receipts from plan tations. Estimates for the yield vary all the way from $9,000,000 bales to much less, but the impression grows that the yield will be large. The most striking featuro of industrial re turns is the number of contracts conditioned upon the election. These are already enough to make business rather lively for a time, and many others are pending, which will probab ly be held back until November 1. The volume of business fhown by ex changes has boon 8.7 percent. less than last year, and 9.0 less than In '92. Failures for the week have been 274 in the United States, against 231 last year, and 69 in Canada, against 38 last year. BKADSTRXXT. I General trade continues along conserva tive lines, buyers and seller preferring to defer business until after election. Traders are more hopeful as to the outlook for busi ness late this year and next spring. Total bank clearings in the United Staton Increased, amounting to 1 1,047,000.000 this week, about 5 per cent, more than last week, but 10 per cent more than the third week ot October, 1835. SIX SPEECHES A DAY. McKinley Excursions Are Still Helng Run to Canton, Ohio. At Canton, Ohio, Thursday, Ma, McKin ley made six speeches. Five of the delega tions were from Ohio and one' from the ad. Joining State ot Indiana. The Ohio people were so numerous ai.d so enthusiastic that Major McKinley told them that this might very properly have been called Ohio day. The weather was delightful. Major McKinley, recognizing the fact that the ar guments are ail in, made bis speeches short, crisp and inspiring. They elicited generous, and at times tumultuous, applause. The largest delegation ot the day was from Marietta, the oldest town in the State. 11 the various delegations were conspicuoui for anything it was for the large number ol men who accompanied them who bav never voted any other than the Democrat -ticket, but who say they intend to support McKinley this year, it was estimated thai nearly one-tenth of the visitors were sound money Democrtts. Hound For Arson. J. 8. Brady, who is In Jail In Dublin, Ga., was arrested on a charge of conspiracy to de fraud lusuranoe companies by committing arson. He was ?I ven a commitment trial and bound over to a higher court. The crime was commit d a year at;o, butthe'only wit ness against the accused was afraid to swenr to It In court, as Brady bad threatened him It he divulged the secret. But, as the pris oner Is under arrest, tbo witness told the story, with the above result. Brady Is a no torious character, a man ot ample means, and has defied the law in running "blind lgers" by his adroit methods for a longtime.