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The gazette. [volume] (Raleigh, N.C.) 18??-1???, October 31, 1896, Image 1

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THE WEEKLY GAZETTE
BATES OF UDTEETI8IN0.
One square one Uartfaa.,....$ M
One square, one month. 1 00
One square, two month 2 00
One square, three monUu 2 60
One square, six months. 6 00
One square, one year... 9 00
d" Liberal contracts made for larger
adTerUaeaaata.
A WEXXLT HXW8FATZS
rausxzn n
JAMES H. TOUHG, Editor anfPfp, j
IT. & ITCH ELL swd A, J. KVOERS,
C antral Tntn&ag Agent,
in. h w itt rww h nwMMHivannwwnwMMiB
RALEIGH, N. 0,. SATURDAY, OCTOBER 311896-
NO- 37.
VOL. VIII.
3E IVcEHLY GAZETTE.
p'
(H- A 7 PTT Ifr
FREE LUMBER FACTS.
DEMOCRATIC- POLICY CLOSES
- HALF THE LUMBER MILLS.
oixty jtnousanu liumoermen uosinz ;
at tbo Kate of Forty Million Dol
lars a Year In Wages Canadian
Competition Kills American Trade
"I believe we can make no permanent
progress in the direction of tariff re
form until we free from taxation the
raw materials which lie at the founda
tion of our industries. Bough
lumber has beon placed upon the free
list, aud only a slight duty retained
on planed aud grooved boards. We
found a rate of 31.12 per cent, and
left a rate of 23.63." Hon. William
Jennings Bryan, in Congress.
3Vlr. Bryan has even been more Out
spoken, in his advocacy of absolute
free trade, than President Cleveland
or Hon. William L. Wilson. In fact,
we do not know any public man who
is a more pronounced adherent of this
British heresy. Mr. Bryan gloried in
free wool. Mr. Bryan reveled in free
lumber. This week we show the effect
of the policy of free raw material as
far as it concerns the lumber interests
of the United States.
At the close of last week we had re
ceived reports from 290 American
lumber mills. Each one of thes9 re
ports stated briefly the number of
hands employed, and the wages paid
them by the mil, during the month
oi July, 1802 almost two years after
the McKinley tariff had been in opera
tion and also during the month of
July, 1896 almost two years after the
Gorman-Wilson tariff bad been in
operation. As showing the benefits,
or otherwise, derived respectively un
der the policies of protection and of
free trade, nothing can be fairer than
the results after two years' experience
with each policy. Their effect upon
the American lumber industry has
been as follows :
Bands employed.
No. of July, July,
mills. 1892. 1898.
290 24,339 13,766
-Wages p&Mt
July, July,
18M. 1S96.
T5,270 $1125,715
rati xeade marcix. . . "" ""
Hands indie In July, 1893... .irX.'. 10,573
Wages lost In July, 1896 $325,555
The great benefit of the free raw
material policy has consisted in en
abling 10,573 men, out of 24,339
bands in 290 lumber mills, to take a
vacation without pay. The decrease
in the employment of lumbermen,
through Bryan's free trade policy, was
approximately 43 per cent.
The loss, in wages to the lumber
men, during their July vacation this
year, was $325,555, also approximately
43 per cent., or at the rate of $3,906,
660 a year. This is the "great bene
fit" that free trade in lumber has been
to 10,573 lumbermen who were busily
employed in July, 1892, under the
McKinley policy of protection.
It appears that the . average of
monthly wages paid in each year was
just about the same, therefore the
indications are that the American
lumber mills are being entirely shut
down and that Amerioan lumbermen
are entirely idle, while Canadian mills
and Canadian lumbermen are actively
employed.
From later advices received, we
believe that the condition of the
Amerioan lumber industry is worse
than it was three months ago. The
proof submitted of the disastrous
effect of free trade in lumber is more
than ample. If the same ratio of loss
(43 per cent.), as has been shown by
the 20C lumber mills reporting to us,
be applied to all similar mills in the
United States, then the loss in wages
to all American lumbermen is at the
rate of about forty million dollars a
year.
This is the result of the Democratic
policy of free trade- It is what Bryan
believes in. It is what Bryan voted
for. It is what Bryan would give us
more of, though he cowardly shirks
the issue at preeent and says, "We
won't discuss the tariff question just
now." McKinley and protection will
restore the American lumber industry
to its former prosperous condition of
1892. Lumbermen should vote the
straight Republican ticket.
Free Trade In Colleges.
!
1 Every year since the triumph of the
free trade party in 1892 numbers of
college students in all our colleges
have been forced to give up their col
lege course on account of "hard
times." It would seem as though this
personal knowledge of the evils of par
tial free trade would tend to modify
the free trade doctrines with which so
many of our college professors have
striven, with rather poor success so
far, to inoculate the students. Un
doubtedly it has had effect In the case
oi. All those professors who are open
to conviction and who are willing to
acknowledge that theories must rest
on facts, not on fancies. It certainly
has had effect on the students and has
allayed a tendency toward free trade
in more than one college.
What Shall We Do for Oar Ships!
' Shall we accept as inevitable our
present humiliating and unprofitable
position, or shall we use means at
command to regain our lost power and
prestige on the ocean? Shall we give
that protection and encouragement to
our shipping interests that other Na
tions give to theirs, and whioh we free
ly give to all our other great inter
ests? Or shall we, by continued neg
lect, suffer them to be utterly de
stroyed?
At a meeting of the clgarmakers of Tampa,
Flu., held about two weeks ago. It was de
eded to strike la one factory at a time until
the manufacturers save up their cheroot de
er.!! mentH, where regular cigars were being
la many cases the manufacturers
2.e ngreed to the request made by their
flam i5' rork has been remimed.
BRIAN AMD NEBRASKA FARMERS.
Gain Under McKinley Protection,
But Lose Through Bryanlsm."
The farmers of Nebraska have a lit
tle scorn to settle with Hon. William
Jennings Bryan, just as the eleven
thousand odd people in that State have
who were compelled to draw all their
savings out of the savings banks to
enable them to exist during the hard
times that Bryan voted for when he
helped to pass the Gorman-Wilson
hybrid tariff.
It ia this way with the Nebraska
farmers. Duringthe long era of Bepub
lican protection their live stock had
grown to be worth $86,023,808 in 1890.
Then came the McKinley tariff and it
increased by $10,424,020, up to $96,
447,828, during the next three years,
before the country was afflicted with a
Democratic Administration and the
threat of free trade.
Democracy meant disaster to the
farmers of Nebraska, just as it did to
the farmers in erery other State. After
three years of Democracy and only a
couple of years of the advance step
toward free trade the value of Ne
braska live stock fell to $55,381,849
at the beginning of 1893, a loss of
$11,065,979 in three years. Bryan
may like to paste these figures in his
hat for ready reference when he talks
to the farmers around his home:
TALUK OB7lJ &J0XA UTS 8X00X2
Jan 1. Period. Value.
1890 Protection ..... , ,r -,986,023,808
1893 Protection (McKinley. 86.417.823
McKinley protection inor .. 10,424,020
1896 Free trade fBnranl..... A. 65.381.849
Bryan free trade ceoreees "41,065, 97 9
In 1890 there were 113, 60S farms in
Nebraska, and every one of the owners
of these 'arms has been more or less"
injured by the adoption of the free
trade polioy that Bryan voted for
some more and some less. The aver
age loss to every Nebraska'farm since
1893, through the depreciation of the
value of its live stock, has been $361.
50. With free silver perhaps Bryan
will refund this loss that he voted for.
Then, again, perhaps he won't. Farm
ers should make sure upon this point
before they vote for Bryan, Bryamism,
more free trade and still cheaper live
itock.
GormoTWBolOL
V 1 115.0001
AVERAGElMPOnTOf CATTLE
Jfearltj dvcTfle of oTeiiju
cattle TriQTkeled m the Uniled!
Kco4
r
.StoUs under tie proteciton of tfie
LHi
per bead on a&Ik over W year ofi),sJwal
15.009
I n-r-
7 o y the short itanjonietef
uiso, we tjcorii cvcicge un-j
jsrjjw GoTrnanTorijwtth jis j
epciT d oot8 C Dutjj 20 aweg-,
jT99c,mcdtlewfTmfiejearld)r
i shown by the Ml. ihjmmelzri
By tJiistncons Wr form
ers hove ,in tKe'past iwo'uears
- . j
UPPKPPJ
Kea4
. been stat oulfcf over Urree mill- f
km Jollflrs.inlhe cattl mrVd
"The Nation's Ilicetl Man."
Candidate Bryan's favorite way of
alluding to the President of the United
States as the Nation's 'hired man" is
quite in keeping with his constant lack
of dignity in all the relations of life.
The term, however, suggests some
very good reasons why Mr. Bryan
should not be "the Nation s hired
man." If we hired a man to run a
vast enterprise and he ran the busi
ness on sach principles that he showed
a loss instead of a gain ; a deficit in
stead of a surplus ; increase . in our in
debtedness instead of a lessening of
it, we would soon turn him out and
put in a "hired man" who would run
the business on different principles.
The Government has been run, during
this Administration, in accordance
with the free trade principles 'ad
vocated and voted for by Mr. Bryan,
and put into force by bis help. The
result -has been an increase in our
bonded indebtedness of over $262,
000,000 in three years. When the
Nation's business was conducted on
the principles laid down by Major Mc
Kinley the National indebtedness was
reduced at the rate of over $60,000,000
per year for twenty-seven consecutive
years. When it comes to choosing a
"hired man," the voters will choose
the man whose methods enable the
Nation to pay its old debts and meet
its running expenses instead of the
man whose methods compel the Nation
to add to its indebtedness. The next
President will not be the Boy Orator
of the Platte with his British system
of free trade, but William McKinley,
of Ohio, the apostle of the American
system of protection, who will open
the mills instead of monkeying with
the mints.
The Debt of Democracy,
The following significant figures are
taken from the Treasury Department'!
statistics:
July, 1865, at the close of the
war... . $2,381,580,295
July, 1893 .....7 685,037,000
Deorease In twenty-eight
yeara of RefsOLan adniin-
istratlon..gMtt..fc.. 1,796.493,295
October 1. .Jr. . 147,864,260
March 1, 1893.. 685,034,26
Increase In three years and
six months of Democrats
free trade and its threat. $282,830,000
Thb leg or a luritey ia mure satisfy
in th&n a rabbit's foot.
. IS 1
I ' ? i
ALL
THt I
TUB LATEST NEWS ARRANGED
PAR AG R APIII C ALLY.
Happenings Both Home and Foreign,
As Well as From the North, East
and West.
Notes From 1 he South.
J. Sterling Morton, Secretary of Ag
riculture, was hanged in effigy at Al
exander, Va.
Arthur Dunlap, aged 11 years, acci
dentally shot his brother Willie, three
years older, at Atlanta, Ga.
James Sanders, a farmer, living
near Daisy, lenn., was killed by a
charge from his own gun while on a
squirrel hunt.
The Daughters of the .Confederacy
of the State of Georgia met in Macon.
Hon. T. B. R. Cobb, of Atlanta, ad
daessed the meeting.
In Person county, North Carolina, a
race riot between whites and blacks was
brought about by politics. Several
wounded, but none seriously.
The toll gates of Franklin county,
Ky., has been raided and every gate
on the three roads in the northwestern
part of the county destroyed.
One negro was killed and two others
fatally wounded in a riot at Hager
Station, Florida. They had qaarreled
with their employer at a lumber mill.
Joseph D. Kier" an, lawyer, notary
public and reporter for the New Or
leans Telegrczu, vrus fined iu and cent
to the parish prison 15 days for dis
turbing the Palmer and Buckner meet
ing there.
The Supreme Court of Georgia has
denied a new trial to Tom Delk, the
young outlaw under sentence of death
for the murder of the sheriff of Pike
county. Taylor Delk, the father of
Tom, was given another chance to
prove his innocence.
Throughout the North
Babbits are causing an epidemic of
diphtheria in some parts of Iowa.
December wheat took a big tumble
on the Chicago board of trade Thurs
day. .
A Russian passenger from Havanna,
Cuba, dies of yellow fever at Swinburne
Island, N. T.
John R. Gentry tried for a first re-
cord of 2 minutes for a harness horse
Tuesday at Terre Haute but failed,1
his time being 2:04.
i H. B. Schnaubelt, a member of the
band of anarchists who caused thej
Hay market riots in Chicago, HI., died
in San Francisco, Cal. j
I The House of Bishops, in session in
New York, has decided not to elect a
bishop for Asheville, N. C, because!
of poor financial condition of the
State's diocese.
Thursday President Cleveland made
a speech on the occassion of the sesqui
centennial anniversary of the College
of New Jersey, at Princeton. He re-'
fused to be made an LL. D.
I The prevalence of typhoid fever at
Salt Lake City, Utah, caused the board
of health there to inspect the water
supply. It was found to be pure. Thd
disease was attributed to bad milk.
I A prominent Episcopal rector of
Philadelphia, Pa., has signed an agree
ment with the wardens of his church
that he will never preach oyer fifteen!
minutes, except on special ana extra
ordinary occasions.
! The Board of Inquiry at Ellis Island,
New York, has decided that the 1671
Armenians who arrived last week from
Turkey cannot be admitted to this
country. Judgment is suspended with
regard to some fifteen or twenty of the
number.
Political Dots ,
There will be no fusion between!
Populists and Democrats in Georgia.
I Democrats' and Populists of Ten
nessee have refused to have fusion on
Presidential electors.
Secretary Carlisle will not vote in
the Presidential election on November
3d.
According to the official figures of
the New York election bureau, which
has been made public, the total regis-,
tration in that city is 330,976.
. Mr. Bryan Wednesday spoke at San
dusky, O., at Richmond, Ind., to 5,000
people in one audience and 4,000 in
another, and at Tiffin, O., to 8,000
people waiting in the rain to hear him ;
at Huntsville. Ind., to 15,000 people.
At Richmond he criticized Harrison
for supporting Cleveland's financial
policy in his speeches.
Foreign.
The British, parliament will re-assemble
January 25th.
The Bank of England rate of dis
count has been advanced from 3 per
cent, to 4 per cent.
A Madrid.' Spain special savs the'
shipment of 35,000 reinforcements to
Cuba will begin early in November.
News from Constantinople says
Jnited States Consul Luther Short,
ttationed there,- will in all probability,
board the United States gunboat Ban-'
iroft at Smyrna, and that she will pass
hrough the Dardanelles as an ordi-
What Minister Terrel Says.
Hon.A.W.Terrell,theTJnited States Minister
to Turkey, has given to the Associated Press
the first explicit and authorized statement
ntrom an official source regarding the mission
of the United States eteamshlD Bancroft in
the Levant. He siid: "The report that the
.uanoroit wui, uuaer instructions, torce the
Dardenelles la too ridiculous for serious
notice. The fact of the mattar la that r h.
not applied for the entry of a dispatch boat
to Constantmoplesince (February. ;so the
Biatcuicuv mat x nave tiuuiiuonea or with
drawn an application is entirely without foun
dation. I nave not even mentlnnArl tha mk.
Ject of a dispatch boat to the Porte since
February. The relations between Turkey
and the United States are cordial."
HI
fORLD
NEWS FU03I WASHINGTON.
Although the State Department officials
decline to make public any Information re
specting advices received relative to the
procedure in the trial pf the Competitor
prisoners at Havana it can be stated that so
far as the two American prisoners, Laborde
and Melton, are concerned, they will enjoy
all the privileges accorded by the Cushing
rotocoL This means that they will be til
owed to name attoveys and advocates who
shall have access to them at suitable times
that they shall be furnished la due season
copies of the accusations and a list of wit
nesses for the prosecution, which latter shall
be examined before the supposed criminal.
his attorneys and advocates, that they
shall have the right to compel the at-
tendance of witnesses in their behalf or to
use depositions, that they may present such "
evidense as they deem essential to their case;
and that they shall be permitted to be present
and to make their defense L public trial, or y
orally in writing, by themselves or by means ;
of their counsel. Whether or not they will be i
tried before the civil courts or a court mar- 1
tial depends upon whether or not they were
captured with arms in hand; in the latter i
case the protocol permits a court martial J
trial, hut p.xcn in thin fftqft thu nrru.Al!ir.t
will be vastly different from those unuer
which the prisoners were so summarily con
victed and sentenced to death by the first na
vel court martial, without opportunity tc
choose their own counsel or even to alto
gether understand the evidence given agalnsf
them In Spanish.
- -I-
The third and final session of the board o
directors of the Catholio University of Amer
lea was very brief and the only business trans
acted was that of changing the annual meet
ing from the Wednesday after Easter, which
in practice has been fnund generally incon
venient to the second Wednesday of October
in order to coincide with the annual meeting
of archbishops. The board also issued the
following statement before adjourning:. , I
"The board wishes it to be understood by
the public that there are absolutely no fac
tions or sectional , differencmoEg-ihe"
uJJXSitcrs-. xiiB election of the candidates for
the rectorship was practically unanimous.
To speak of the triumph of this or that party,
of Conservatism or Liberalism, Nationalism
or Americanism, is to misrepresent the whole
situation. All the members of the board are
equally American in spirit They have but
one thought and that is the welfare of the
university and its . steady progress to the
-highest Catholic education.1'
Minister Lazo Arriaga of Guatemala has
returned from a visit to that country and
says the Central American exposition to be
held at Guatemala City, beginning March 15,
promises to be an important event for the
countries of that locality. The buildings
will be completed by December. They are
handsome and extensive structures, modeled
after those of the Marseilles exposition. The
United States has been invited to participate
end it is hoped that at the coming session
congress will take steps to have an adequate
representation, as the commercial interests
between this country and the Central Ameri
can group are extensive. American mer
chants are expected to embrace the opportu
nity to display their goods before the Central
Americans and thus enlarge the market for
American goods in that section.
The roof and upper nails of Ebenezer (col
ored) Methodist Church on Capitol Hill fell
in, burying in the ruins Samuel Brown. Wm.
Johnson, A. W. Dangerfield and Abraham
Lee, all negroes. The men were taken out
alive, but some of them were seriously in
jured internally. The church was damaged
by the recent storm and men were engaged in
making repairs.
Lieutenant C. H. Lyman, of the cruiser
Montgomery has been convicted by a naval
court of drunkenness while the ship lay at
Key West, Fla., several months ago and has
been sentenced to lose six numbers in his
grade. The senteuce has been approved by
Admiral Bunce. who ordered th6 trial.
WORSE THAN IN CUBA.
Spanish Brutality Wholly Unrestraln
the Philippines.
A San Francisco (GaL) special to a local
paper, says: The Cuban atrocities are mild
compared with those taking place In the
Pbiliplne Islands, where the Spanish are try
ing to suppress a revolt of the natives. Some
indication of affairs have been learned from
Oriental papers. The most shocking inci
dent of fhe bloody reprisals was the treat
ment of a Spanish lieutenant and his family.
The Spanish had captured a number of
prisoners and as an object lesson
to the natives disemboweled two and hung
their bodies on one of the gates of the town.
The infuriated rebels, eager for vengeance,'
gathered a force aud hurried to the home of
a Spanfsh lieutenant on the outskirts of Ma
nilla. They eaptured the officer and his wife
and 12-year-old daughter, and then began a
bloody scene of torture. The most savage
instincts of the natives were aroused. Before
the eyes of his wife and daughter, the lieu
tenant's skin was slit all over his body. Then
the torturers crucified him, pinning him out
it reched to a tree with their long knives.
They tortured the woman and girl, giving
the fullest play to their 'animal instincts and
wreaking disgusting vengeance before the
dying eyes of the husband and father.
The Spanish are doing their best to keep
the news of these atrocities from leaving the
islands, opening and inspecting all the mail.
They particular? desired to keep unknown
the death of thirty-eight prisoners In one
night in "the black hole." - ,
steals and Absconds to Europe.
A special from Augusta, Ga., says: J.
Barry Walker, treasurer of the Port Royal
Railroad, at Port Boyal, 8. C, absconded,
aod when the books of 'the company were
turned over to President John B. Cleveland,
It was found that Walker was short $ 29,000
or $30,000. It is believed the stealing has
been going on for some time. At the time
the shortage was discoverea he was then on
his way to Europe with $10,000 in cash of the
company's money. He had been in the em
ploy of the company for years, and was con
sidered a most exemplary man of high social
standing. He is about 85 years of age, and it
has only been a few weeks since he was mar
ried to a daughter of Dr. WJbite, who is now
heart-broken.
Mlxt 1 Educatloaal Law.
The case of the State of Florida vs. B. D.
Rowley came up before Judge Call in the Cir
cuit Court at Green Cove Springs last week.
The case has attracted much attention as the
result would test the constitutionality of the
famous Sheats anti-mixed school law. The
charge against the defendant was "teaching
white persons and negroes in the same class."
Rowley Is a teacher In the Orange Park
Bchool, which is operated under the direc
tion of the American Missionary society of
New York. Ater exhaustive arguments the
Indictment was quashed, thus declaring the
law unconstitutional and void.
Army of Uniformed Evangelists. "
The New York Herald says: The Protestant
Episcopal Church of the United State) is
about to . organize an army of uniformed
evangelists, who will be under military dis
cipline and compete with the Salvation Army
and the American Volunteers in the field of
Christian work among the poor. This Im
portant project has been decided upon at
meeting of prominent clergymen from differ
ent parts of the country. The plans will In
clude the best features of the Salvation irmy
i ana oi tne unurca Army of England, from
waicU the former organisation sprang.
MP P1B III Kill
CREAM OF THE NEWS, CULLED
FROM THE DAILY PAPERS.
Which Will be of More or Less Inter
est to the General Reader.
It Is stated by officials that the reports
coming from New Orleans as to an exciting
controversy at Havana between Gen. Fitz
hugh Lee, United States Consul Genera), and
Gen. Weyler, over the attempted apprehen
sion of a Mexican named Fernandez on board
of the American ship Vigilancia give a signifi
cance and importance to the event not war
ranted by the facts. If there was any ap
prehension that war would result, that feel
ing must have been confined entirely to Ha
vanna, for the law on the subject Is so clear
and its application has been so firmly estab
lished by precedent that the officials here
were In no doubt as to the outcome. Consul
General Lee has not informed the State De
partment .of the a'Talr and the fact that he
dtfnot deem It -wortby.of the -expense of
cabling, but will treat it only in the routine,
way through maJJ, Is evidence of the Impor
CNITZD STATES CONSUL LII.
tanoe he accorded to the Incident. The
Spanish authorities received Havana ad
vices fully explaining the case, but these
advices were of au entirely pacific char-"
acter and treated the matter as an Incident
which has been satisfactorily adjusted be
tween General Weyler and Consul General
Les, without any breach of their friendly re
lations. The facts as reported are substan
tially these: Gen. Weyier ordered the arrest
of Fernandez as a suspect, not knowing at
the time of the issuance of the order that he
was on bo&rd an American ship. Later Gen
eral Lee notified the Spanish authorities that
the Yigilincia was an American ship, which
under our treaty rights had an immunity
from search and seizure for suspects In tran
sit to other ports. - General Weyler promptly
acceded to the position taken by Gen. Lee
and the affair ended. No protests or claims
were submitted to Washington by either side.
It Is said positively that the reports that Gen.
Weylerever contemplated firing on the Vigil
aacin or trained the guns of Morro Castle on
the ship are incorrect.
It is intimated in official circles here that,'
although no regular formal leave has yet
been Issued to Gen. Fitzhugh Lee to absent
himself from his post as Consul General at
Havana, that he has arranged the business of
the Consul Generalship so that it may be left,
for a time at least, to the care of Mr. Sprin
ger, our energetic Vice Consul General. It Is
expected, therefore, that he will soon pay a
visit to his home In Richmond. It is under-:
stood from the same source that General Lee
is in no respect dissatisfied with his office or
with the relations that now exist between
himself and the authorities at Havana, but he
has undergone a trying and particularly un
healthful season at Havana while engaged in
the discbarge of onerous duties and feels the
need of recuperation. A visit of course will
afford an opportunity for Secretary Olney to
confer with General Lee as to the present as
pect of affairs on the Island, but further than
above stated it cannot be gathered that the
Consul General's movements have any sig
nificance as affecting the relations between
Spain and the United States.
I
William A. Richardson, Chief Justice ot
the Court of Claims, died, at his home
here, aged 74 years. He had been
ill for some months past with a
complication of diseases and owing to bis
advanced age bis death had been generally
expected. He declined a Superior Court
Judgeship In 1869 and in the same year be-'
came Assistant Secretary of the United States
Treasury. He went to Europe as the finan-
rial agent of the government in 1871 to nego-;
tlate for the sale of the funded loan and
made the first contract abroad for the sale of
bonds. In 1873 he became Secretary of the
Treasury, resigning in 1874 to accent a seat'
on the bench of the Court of Claims, of,"
whteh he became Chief Justice in 1885. This
position he held at the time of his death
Judge Richardson was the author of a num
ber of publications of a financial and legal
character.
For the three months of this fiscal year
the receipts from internal revenue have been
$37,794,887 against $37,774,479 for the corres-l
onding three months of 1895. The principal
terns of revenue are: Spirits, $19,944,645,1
an increase of $1,092,617; tobacco, 7,370,407il
a decrease of $705.137 ; fermented liquors.1
$10,133,571, a decrease of $255,629; oleomar
garine, $269,091. a decrease of $69,242; mis
cellaneous $77,170, a decrease of $12,299.
Filled cheese at a tax of 1 cent a pound ap
pears for the first time among items of reve
nue, the tax collected from Sept. 4, when the
law went into effect, being $1,215. For Sep-I
tember, 1896. the collection trom internal
revenue were $12,009,120, as against $12-
001,956 in September, 1895.
The corner-stone of the Hall of HistoryJ
the first of the buildings to comprise the
American University, was laid here Tuesday.'
,Tho ceremonies were conducted by the!
venerable senior bishop, of the Methodist
Church, Thomas M. Bowman, assisted by the
officers of the district grand lodge of Masonsj
Bishop Hurst, Chancellor, took a prominent
part.
-I-
The President has removed Postmaster
John H. Levis at Black River Falls, Wis..'
and appointed David Thompson as bis sue-;
cessor. The summary action in dismissing
Levis is due to disclosures of alleged corrup
tions entered into to obtain office.
-I-
Secretary of War Lam ont has transmitted
to the Secretary of the Treasury his estimates
of the appropriations required by the War
Department for the next fiscal year. The
aggregate Is $52,875,638.27.
A Banana Company Falls.
The" Blueflelds Banana company.JIwhose
headquarters are at Galveston, Tex., with a
branch In New Orleans, La., has made au
assignment. Liabilities are about $60,000,
with assets valued at $25,000. The company
was organized in October, 1890, and had
three steamers, which plied between Galves
ton and Central American ports. Or late
years the steamers have come direct to New
Orleans, and the company transacted most
of its business from there. F. Conger ot Gal
veston was president and John Wilson of
New Orleans was vice president. General de-
ereeaion ot business is given as the cause of
e fsjlnre.
MP
THE STATE FAIR.
A List of the Prize-Wlnners and
Other Notes.
President Benehan Cameron has re
ceived hundreds of congratulations
upon the admirable State Fair. He
shows forty-two horses front his farm
at Farintosh and wins several prizes.
H. B. Bagwell, of Wake, won first
prize for cotton; George Vanderbilt
prizes for Jersey cattle; John Brad
shaw, of Wake, tor Guernseys; Ala
mance Stock Farm for Dutch Belted
and Devon. Alamance Stock Farm
won many prizes for sheep. Prizes
for hogs were won by E. W. Benbow,
of Oak Bidge, and Alamance Stock
Farm. JulianS. Carr wins first prizes
for cereals, grasses, butter and other
.products from his Occoneechee Farm.
It is.the finest exhibit in point of ar
rageihent ever made at a fair in he
State. Thursday a sham battle of in
fantry and artillery was had, in which
the Agricultural College cadets partici
pated in. The poultry exhibit is the
largest and best ever made in the
State.
The horse-racing was the best that
has been witnessed , in a number of
years. The attendance was very good.
At the State Agricultural (society's
annual meeting Thnrfday,m(U
artK1T.; Battle presided. Benehan
Cameron was re-elected president and
John Nichols secretary and treasurer
by a rising vote. The following were
elected vice presidents: W. R. Cape
hart, L. L. Staton, W. J. Green, J.
W. Crenshaw, L. Banks Holt, W. A.
Smith, E. B. C. Hambley, S. L. Pat
terson and G. F. Weston.
' The thanks of the society were spe
cially tendered the president and sec
retary by a rising vote; also to George
Yanderbilt for his agricultural, dairy
stock exhibits and the railroads for
rates granted, S. B. Alexander gave
notice that at the next meeting he
Jwould offer a resolution providing "for
holding the State Fair at different
points, such as Asheville, Charlotte,
Newbern and Wilmington. There
were no accidents. The weather was
perfect and the visitors expressed their
appreciation of the admirable fair.
ELECTION OF OFFICERS.
State Dairymen's and Swine Breeders
Associations Meet.
, At Baleigh, during Fair Week, the
State Dairymen's and Swine Breeders
Associations met and elected their dif
ferent officers' for the7 ensuing ear.
The following are the State Dairymen's
officers: Mr. H. A. Whiting, of Wil
jmington, president; Mr. Geo. F. Wes
jton, of Biltmore, vice-president; Mr.
KB. 0. Hambly, of Bock well, secre
tary. Board of Directory B. Cam
eron, Durham county, N. C; S. B.
Alexander, Charlotte, N. C. ; J. S.
Carr, Durham, N. C. ; Dr. H. B. Bat
tle, Baleigh, N. C; E. B. C. Hambly,
Rockwell, N. 0.; Frank E. Emery,
Raleigb, N. C. .
! Prof. Kilgore delivered an address
upon "Tiff Proptr Feeding of the
Dairy Co'w."
dressed the
Mr. W. 1j. Benbow ad
Association upon "The
Propriety of Establishing a North
Carolina Record Association." Prof.
Emoiy advocated the idea of a State
Registry, suggested by Mr. Benoow.
Other gentlemen made addresses suit
able to the occasion,
j The Swine Breeders' Association
elected the following 'officers: Mr. L
L. Hammond, of Alamance county,
was chosen president; Mr. W. E. Ben
bow, of Guilford county, was elected
vice-president; Mr. Frank E. Emory,
'of Raleigh, secretary and treasurer.
Board of Directors Dr. H. B. Battle,
j. e. uarr, u, x weston, to serve
three years; A. S. Speer, S. Ricks, to
serve one ytar.
The Biblical Recorder, the organ of
the Baptist Church in this State makes
(an attack on Robert M.' Douglass, who
is the Populist and Republican nomi
nee for Associate Justice of the State
Supreme Court. Douglass is a son of
jStephen A. Douglass and is. a Roman
Catholic. It is for the latter reason
that the attack is made.
( The Soldiers' Home at Raleigh can
receive no more inmates. William 0.
Stronach, the superintendent, requests
this statement. Many applications1 for
admission are being made. They all
have to be registered. It is not worth
while to make them until the appropri
ation to the home is increased.
Drew Smith, of Stokes county, a
member of a family noted for making
moonshine whiskey, as well as fight
ing, was shot from ambush last week in
the mountains, just across the State
line. He died from the wound. Tom
Chapman, a desperate character, is
charged with the shooting. He has
not been arrested.
The contribution for a memorial
window in the First Presbyterian
Church in Charlotte in rememberance
of the late pastor, Dr. Preston, is
nearing the $100 mark.
-
The corner-stone of Salisbury Vnew
city hall has been laid. The building
is under way. When completed it
will be a credit to the town.
Surprise in Georgia.
A bomb shell has been exploded in politi
cal circles in Georgia by the making public
of a letter from Dr. W. H. Felton, ropull3t
elector, withdrawing his name from the
ticket and pledging his support to Mctfinley.
Dr. Felton was at one time member of Cor
gross from the Seventh District and has long
Been conspicuous in Georgia politics. His
course Is construed by many as indicating
that there will be a general defection to. Mc
Kinley from the Populist ranks in Georgia on
account of the treatment ot the Populist StaU
oommlttee.
1 IE.
SPANISH rRIBIE MINISTER IN EF
FECT ADMITS IT.
Everybody, Said Il7, Recognized the
Fact That the Drain Cannot Long
Continue at the Present Pace.
The London Dally Standard of a recent
date prints a dispatch from Its Mad rid, Spain,
correspondent saying that Queen Regent
Christina presided at the meeting of the
council of ministers. Senor Canovas del Cas
tillo, the prime minister, presented a sum
maryofthe events which have occurred In
Spain and the colonies within the (ast three
months and a forecast of the near future,
The outlook, he said, showed that great dis
tress existed among the people in the south
ern and eastern portions ot the kingdomt
which would render the collection of taxes
during the coming winter a slow work.
The withdrawal of 200,000 meu from the
plows and mills within the past twenty
months, he said, was severely felt and Spain
Vcaidlu consequence be obliged to Import
large amounts of breadstuff a.- The prosu"Ur
tlon ot the war against the insurgents In"1
Cuba and the troubles in the Philippine
Islands had dmlinished the exports of manu
factured and agricultural products to the
West Indies and the Philippine Island",
causing great distress and discontent In the
towns and rural districts there was visible a
feeling of impatience and anxiety, all classes
of the people having been lea to DOpfl.
tslve results from meir
bacnuoea. Everybody, the premier said,
recognized the fact that the drain cannot .
long continue at the preeent pace. Patriot
ism and national pride alone can check the
criticisms of the government's course. The
Liberals, Democrats, Carlists, and even the
Republicans have a sort of Instinctive pre
sentment that impels them to cohesion with
u view of averting International complica
tion! and the dreaded intervention ot the
United States government. The gloomiest
feature ot the situation, the prime minister
Jeclared, is the difficulty which the govern
ment finds la obtaining a loan of one billion
pesetas to defray the expense of the war In
Cuba and the Philippine Islands to strength
en the finances of the oountry. i
The Spanish press Is almost unanimous in
approving the idea advanced by the premier
of appealing to native capitalists and banks
lor funds to enable the continuation of the
wars to a successful issue.
AHZEICIH CLAIMS. !;
A special from Madrid says: At a meeting
of the cabinet the claim of the United States
government for damages for losses sustained
by Americans In consequence of the enforce
ment of Captain Ueneral Weyler'i di'creo
prohibiting the export of tobacco from Cuba
was considered, but no decision In the matter
was reached. The cabinet adopted a resolu
tion to send General Polivieja, who some
Urns ago was mentioned as General Weyler's
possible successor In the captain generalship
ot Cuba and Brigadier General Zapp no, to
the Philippine I.-lands to esslst Captain Gen
eral Blanco In the work ot suppressing the
revolution there. It was also resolved to
remodel the frigates Numancia and Vlttoria,
so they may be put la commission as crul
Mra. 4
COJIMERCIAL .KEPOJCTS.
Wheat's Sensational Advance Was
Dased on Foreign Demand.
The following are R. G. Dunn A Co'i and
Bradstreet's weekly commercial reports for
the past weekt The event of the past week
has been the sensational advance in wheat to
83 cents for cash on Tuesday, a rise of
cents, and its fall to 77 on Thursday, gaining
1 on Friday, The rise was magnified by
speculators who Imagined that the advance
had gone too far, but it was at bottom based
on a foreing demand, which has engaged
grain vessels from all Pacillc as well as At
lantic ports for months ahead. How great the
shortage In ordinary European supplies
may be Is the point of doubt and specu
lation, but none now question that shipments
from the Pacific coaat to India, and tbe de
crease in the Russian yield are important
here, and caused buying of tnormous quan
tities for export, with enjagements of freight
room at highest rates. The Atlantio exports
about 900,000 larger thnu lost year, for the
week, have been, in Ootolwr, 6,670,213 bushels,
flour included, against 6,086 last year. Corn
moved largely and at lower prices, having
declined a cent for the week. Cotton has ad
vanced 1-16 cent, with only moderate
transactions, and heavy receipts from plan
tations. Estimates for the yield vary all the
way from $9,000,000 bales to much less, but
the impression grows that the yield will be
large.
The most striking featuro of industrial re
turns is the number of contracts conditioned
upon the election. These are already enough
to make business rather lively for a time, and
many others are pending, which will probab
ly be held back until November 1.
The volume of business fhown by ex
changes has boon 8.7 percent. less than last
year, and 9.0 less than In '92. Failures for
the week have been 274 in the United States,
against 231 last year, and 69 in Canada,
against 38 last year.
BKADSTRXXT.
I General trade continues along conserva
tive lines, buyers and seller preferring to
defer business until after election. Traders
are more hopeful as to the outlook for busi
ness late this year and next spring. Total
bank clearings in the United Staton Increased,
amounting to 1 1,047,000.000 this week, about
5 per cent, more than last week, but 10 per
cent more than the third week ot October,
1835.
SIX SPEECHES A DAY.
McKinley Excursions Are Still Helng
Run to Canton, Ohio.
At Canton, Ohio, Thursday, Ma, McKin
ley made six speeches. Five of the delega
tions were from Ohio and one' from the ad.
Joining State ot Indiana. The Ohio people
were so numerous ai.d so enthusiastic
that Major McKinley told them that this
might very properly have been called Ohio
day. The weather was delightful. Major
McKinley, recognizing the fact that the ar
guments are ail in, made bis speeches short,
crisp and inspiring. They elicited generous,
and at times tumultuous, applause.
The largest delegation ot the day was from
Marietta, the oldest town in the State. 11
the various delegations were conspicuoui
for anything it was for the large number ol
men who accompanied them who bav
never voted any other than the Democrat -ticket,
but who say they intend to support
McKinley this year, it was estimated thai
nearly one-tenth of the visitors were sound
money Democrtts.
Hound For Arson.
J. 8. Brady, who is In Jail In Dublin, Ga.,
was arrested on a charge of conspiracy to de
fraud lusuranoe companies by committing
arson. He was ?I ven a commitment trial and
bound over to a higher court. The crime
was commit d a year at;o, butthe'only wit
ness against the accused was afraid to swenr
to It In court, as Brady bad threatened him
It he divulged the secret. But, as the pris
oner Is under arrest, tbo witness told the
story, with the above result. Brady Is a no
torious character, a man ot ample means,
and has defied the law in running "blind
lgers" by his adroit methods for a longtime.

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