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The gazette. [volume] (Raleigh, N.C.) 18??-1???, October 31, 1896, Image 2

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J AXES H. YOTJSTG,....Editor aad Proprietor.
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iSPAddress all communications to Thk
Gazette, Raleigh, N. C.
RALEIGH, N. C., OCTOBER 31, 1896.
FOR governor:
of New Hanover.
of Forsythe.
of Onslow.
for treasurer:
of Wake.
of Davidson.
for auditor:
. ' of wi
of Cabarrus.
of Guilford.
of Warren.
of Caswell.
For the Senate Charles H. Utley.
For the House James M. Ferrall,
James H. Young, James P. H. Adams.
For Sheriff Hamilton T. Jones.
For Register of Deeds Joseph J.
For Treasurer Hilliard H. Knight.
For Surveyor Pittman Stell.
For Coroner Ruffln B. Ellis.
For County Commissioners Joshua B.
Hill, Rufus A. Barber, William H.
First Endorsed Harry Skinner.
Second George H. White, of Tarboro.
Third Endorsed John E. Fowler.
Fourth Endorsed William F. Strowd.
Fifth Thomas Settle, of Rockingham.
Sixth Endorsed Charles H. Martin.
-Gventh Endorsed A. C. Shuford.
Eighth R. Z. Linney, of Alexander.
Ninth Richmond Pearson, Buncombe.
H. A. Gudger, and Oscar J. Spears.
First District Wheeler Martin.
Second District J. J. Martin.
Third District S. W. Hancock.
Fourth District H. F. Chapin.
Fifth District A. H. Joyce.
Sixth District H. C. Dockery.
Seventh District A. D. Cowles.
Eighth District S. E. Marshall.
Ninth District E. D. Carter.
We think that we detect on the part of
some people a disposition to say that "the
fight is all over." It is true that the vic
tory is already won, but no fight is over
until the last shot is fired and until the
last blow is struck.
The Republicans and Populists of North
Carolina must continue to fight until the
last ballot for honest elections and good
government has been deposited and
counted on the night of election. There
must be no cessation .of work "until the
closing of the polls. There must be no
stopping of the march, either for congrat
ulations or for cheers. The way to give
Democracy the beating that it deserves
is to continue the fight until the last min
ute. In a campaign for the rights of the
people, the victory cannot be too com
plete nor the triumph too overwhelming.
Keep up the fight! Bury Democracy!
Remember that the ballot that you cast
next Tuesday will help to decide
whether you will continue to vote or be
disfranchised. Which, will you have ?
Under the present election law, which
was passed by the Fusion Legislature,
last Saturday was the only day on which
you could challenge a voter, and De
mocracy did not fail to get in its work
against colored voters. They challenged
them in every section in great num
bers, and in most instances without good
or lawful reasons; but, then, the elec
tion boards will pass upon each case next
Saturday, and decide as to whether the
challenge is sustained or not. Democrats
challenged men whom they do not know,
merely to challenge a negro voter. It
goes bard with the Democrats to be de
prived of their old pet privilege of chal
lenging negro voters on election day.
Oh, how they will miss that loved and
usual pastime." Fusion broke up all of
that business. You cannot challenge a
voter on election day, thanks to the Re
publican and Populist election law passed
by the last Legislature. ' If you approve
of this good law, vote against Democ
racy next Tuesday.
The Democrats are arresting large
numbers of colored voters because they
failed to list their taxes last June. This
is simply one of their means of intimi
dating colored voters, and shows to what
desperation they are driven. Let col
ored men everywhere remember these
persecutions on next Tuesday. The
Democratic machine despises your exer
cise of the right of the franchise. Don't
forget this.
It is apparent to all observers of polit
ical events that the Democratic machine,
in its desperation, goaded on-by the News
and Observer, its malicious and vindic
tive negro-hating organ, is going to at
tempt to carry the coming election by
force and violence prior to and on elec
tion day. The object of its venom and
spite will be the negro voters who refuse
to bow the knee to the Democratic Baal.
For some days the News and Observer has
been filled with the most inflammatory
and incendiary articles, both in its news
and editorial columns, that have ever
appeared in any newspaper in North
Carolina. We know that the law-abid
ing and liberty-loving people of the white
race do not approve of these appeals to
passion and incitement to riots advoca
ted and urged by that newspaper. The
riot at Winttead, in Person County, last
week ia but an echo of the editorials in
the News and Observer. The patriotic
people of North Carolina, of both races,
should, and will, condemn by their bal
lots any political party that attempts to
gain or hold power by physical force and
Elections should and will be free in
North Carolina. In view of he excite
ment and bad feeling being stirred up
among Democrats by the press of that
party, we advise colored voters to go
peaceably and quietly to the polls
election dav and. deposit their ballots
and return to their homes without bar
ing any argument whatever with Dem
ocrats. Leave them severely alone, as
contact with them may cause you to get
into a difficulty. Leave to the workers
at the polls the duty of protecting the
interest of the party.
The paramount issues of honest e!
tions and good government are at stake
in North Carolina, and we earnestly ap'
Deal to everv patriotic citizen to do his
rtbtr?nghse twojmpor
tant issues by voting against the Demo
cratic party, which seeks to destroy the
them by bulldozingand intimidating hor
est but poor citizens. The right of fran
chise and personal liberty is in jeopardy.
Rebuke by your ballots the enemies of
the State.
Before another issue the battle of bal
lots will have been fought and the weal
or woe of the State decided. You are
one to help decide the matter. On which
side will you cast your ballot?
'According to the census of 1890 there
are 233,000 white and 109,000 colored vo
ters in this State. Of course there has
been an increase in the voting strength
of both races since that time. In 1883
the total vote of the State was 282,000,
while in 1892 there were cast only 278,
000, showing a loss of 2 per cent., when
there should have been an increase of 6
per cent. This discloses the fact that
there was not only great suppression of
the colored vote in 1892, but also great
frauds committed by the Democrats in
making the election returns of that year.
The exodus, which the Democrats refer
to so eagerly to account for the falling off
in the colored vote, occurred prior to
1890. The co-operation ticket, composed
of Republicans and Populists in 1894, re
ceived 143,000 votes, while the Demo
cratic ticket only received 123,000. This
makes a total vote in the State of 266,
000, or a decrease of 6 per cent, in two
two years. From the foregoing it will
be seen that there has been such a jug
gling with the election returns for the
past eight years by the Democratic party
that it is almost impossible to approxi
mate the vote this year under the honest
election law passed by the Fusion Leg
islature. But one thing we do know:
is that the largest vote ever polled in the
State will be cast this year and thai; it
will be counted just as cast. We believe
that 315,000 votes will be cast and divi
ded bs follows : For Russell: 110,000 col
ored Republicans, 40,000 white Republi
cans and 10,000 Populists; for Guthrie,
40,000 Populists, and for Watson 115,000
Democrats. If these figures should vary
any, it will be to increase rather than to
diminish the Republican and Populist
votes. The Democrats will do well to
poll 115,000 votes for their State ticket,
with the Populists and Republicans prac
tically united against them. It used to
be that the Democrats could say what
their majorities would be and then they
could make good their predictions by
their counting machine; but, thank God!
that day is passed in North Carolina.
Let every Republican and Populist do
his whole duty in preventing a return of
such days. Vote, watch and work!
Let every loyal Republican in North
Carolina put in a ballot for the McKin
ley electors, for Russell, for Reynolds,
and then for the candidates on the co-operation
tickets in State districts and
We publish in other columns some red
hot stuff against Democracy from Sena
tor Butler's newspaper, the Caucasian.
We ask our readers to give it a careful
perusal. No further proof seems to be
needed to prove that the Populists are as
determined to defeat the Democrats on
State and county tickets as the Republi
cans are. The Populists, as well as the
Republicans, know that their existence
as a political party is as dependent upon
the defeat of the Democrats foi the Leg
islature as that of the Republican party.
If the Democrats can get control of the
Legislature they will pass an election law
that will virtually and practically dis
franchise, a large ma jority of the voters
of both of these political parties. We do
not believe that the people of this State
are yet ready for the political guillotine,
nor do we believe that they will intrust
the State government and legislative de
partments into the hands of a party that
now threatens to give them unjust laws
and ring-rule in. place of the very just
laws and rule-by-the-people given them
by the last Legislature. Let the people,
before depositing their ballots next week,
think well over these matter.
The' New York World of Wednesday
aof 1st week said McKinley will surely be
elected. It is equally true Russell will be
our next Governor. Mark the prediction!
The News and Observer, the bitter or
gan of Democracy, is still penning out its
vials of wrath and abuse against the ne
groes. Because that paper failed in its
attempt to catch the Populists, it is now
attempting to wreak its vengeance upon
the colored voters. The paper accuses
the negroes of all sorts of election crimes,
and is now attempting to intimidate and
bulldoze honest voters and law-abiding
citizens of that race. Again we ask,
under the vituperation heaped upon our
jace by the Democratic press and speak
ers, can any self-respecting colored man
vote with that party ? We shall see.
The Populists, no more than the Re
publicans, can afford to let the Democrats
carry the Legislature nor elect the next
The Democrats seem to be unable to
cut loose from their methods of trickery
and fraud. They now have up a scheme
against which we desire to utter a warn
ing. The warning is especially intended
for the registrars and judges of election
who will constitute the precinct boards
of election.
The first intimation we had of this
scheme on the part of Democrats came to
us through some confidential correspond
ence, and is about as follows:
The election law provides that there
shall be two boxes one for the ballot
containing the names of the nominees on
the National, State, Congressional and
Judicial tickets, and another box for the
ballot containing the names of the nomi
nees on the legislative and county ticket.
Tee law further requires that the judges
of election shall see that each ballot is
put into the right box; but if it should so
happen that a ballot shall be found in the
wroDg box, it shall be presumed to have
been deposited there by mistake of the
officers Of election, and unless such pre-
sumntion shall be rebutted, the ballot
ah all bo counted.
Now, this clause of the law is" the basis
of the Democratic scheme. Let us sup
pose that when a Democratic voter goes
to the boxes to vote, he can manage to
put a county ticket into each box. This
Wlrr mean two votes ior me ueiuourawu
. . . . e ii
candidate for the Legislature, and none
for the Democratic State ticket, lne
Democrats have abandoned all hope of
electing their State ticket, and they will
now make a desperate effort to get con
trol of the Legislature. Let us suppose
that twenty or thirty Democrats in a
precinct shall manage to put a county
ticket in each box. If there should be
ten or twenty precincts in the county,
this would mean from two hundred to
three hundred fraudulent votes for the
Democratic legislative candidate, and
might turn the election in favor of the
Democratic candidate for the Legislature,
provided the ballots should be counted as
If this scheme could be carried out
generally, it might mean a Legislature in
control of the Democratic party, and
then well, you know the rest! Of
course this scneme, or any scheme like it
is impossible, provided the judges of elec
tion are all watchful and true to their
trust. The law says that the judges shall
see that each ballot shall be put into the
right box. In order to be certain that
this is done, the judges must necessarily
look at each ballot in order to determine
which box it shall be deposited in. And
if the-judges will take the precaution
thus required of them, they can kill this
little scheme as dead as it can die.
So, look out for this and all other
schemes. Our enemy will not hesitate to
attempt anything, no matter how fraud
ulent, if they can eee the slightest glim
mer of a chance to gain anything by it.
It seems to us that this plan is impracti
cable except in cases where the entire
board of election shall be "bought up,"
and we do not believe that the Democrats
can do enough "buying" in this matter
to amount to anything. We have re
verted to the scheme, however, to show
that any and every sort of trick will be
resorted to, and to warn our people to be
on the sharp lookout for any trick that
can be invented. Caucasian.
' The attempt of the Democratic press
to hold Russell responsible for every vio
lation of law by a colored man is in keep
ing with the injustice of that press to
wards its political opponents. Is Cy
Watson to be held responsible for every
act of every vicious Democrat?-
The Democrats have taken up that old
cry with which they were wont to con
jure the weak-kneed voters of the State.
They have gone to squalling "nigger"
for all they are worth. If nothing else
would prove that the Democratic party
is now the same old hypocritical crowd
it always was, this resort to their old,
worn-out and discredited and disgraced
tactics would prove it. It seems to be
impossible for the poor old gang to leave
the carrion on which it has so long fed.
As a hog returns to his wallow in the
mire, so do these Democrats return to
their choice morsel the cry of "nigger."
Did you ever note what an aggrega
tion of coitradictions this Democratic
party is? Haven't you heard them de
nounce and vilify men who ventured to
call on the " nigger" to vote against the
Democrats, and charged thoss men with
seeking to array the negro against the
white man and thus foment racial strife?
And yet these Democrats leave nothing
undone that they can do to array the
white man against the negro and thus
foment racial strife. It is not neces
sary here to mention at length another
glaring contradiction of which they are
guilty, viz. : They have denounced Pop
ulists as goldbugs, hounds, Douglassites,
miscegenationists and anarchists, and
then, following that denunciation, have
sought an alliance with the Populists!
But perhaps there is not so much of a
contradiction here. It is quite probable
that they mistook (and how easy it is for
them to mistake things; the Populists for
Douglassites, goldbugs, anarchists, etc.,
and sought their company for these are
the things which Democrats love. ,
Proof of this statement is that Cleve
land the great Democrat invited Doug
lass (while he was alive) to his White
house reception. And then. Cleveland,
the great Democrat, is a goldbug, and so
is Matt Ransom, and so is Herr Most,
the leading anarchist of the United
States. Let us not forget the price the
Populists had to pay for daring to warn
the people against such characters as
these in 1892. The price may have to be
paid again; but nevertheless we here and
now lift our voice in solemn warning to
the people against Democratic rule in
North Carolina. Let the great people
remember what it has cost this country
because they refused to listen to the Peo
ples Party four years ago. If you do not
listen now to the warning given as to
North Carolina, you will, just so sure as
time endures and you live, see the day
when you will be willing to repent of
your folly in sack cloth and ashes.
The cry of " nigger " by the Southern
Bourbons, and the cry of " Rebel Briga
diers " by the Northern and Eastern hire
ling shouters and snorters of organized
robbery, kept the people blinded to the
questions of real national importance for
more than twenty years. And here come
Democrats trying to revive those old,
hoary slogans for the purpose of making
the people forget and again become
blinded to the questions which have
been raised and carried to the front as
the vital and overshadowing issues of
the day.
The breaking out or these 01a cries
among the Democrats shows the cloven
foot and forked tail. The "party has
managed to keep these characteristics
concealed to some extent for awhile, but
they show forth now, and they prove the
Democratic pirty to be what it has al
ways been. It is before the people for
judgment, and we are content to await
the people s verdict. uaucasian.
If any negro can vote for any Demo
crat after the abuse heaped upon mem
bers of his race by the press of that
party he is welcome to do so. Do you
hear? -
See here, boys, you want to remember
that if the Democrats shall possibly get
control of the State, a man who has ever
had the audacity to oppose them will
find it a hard matter to stay in North
Carolina; and no matter how much flat
tery any Pop may be getting from Dems
now, he will share the same deal. Re
member how the Dems tried to repeal
the Alliance charter; remember the po
litical persecution of S. Otho Wilson;
remember Satterfield and Brown, who
were persecuted (but not yet sentenced)
for some rascality perpetrated by some
Democratic lawyers. Remember the
rotten-egging of Butler, Weaver and
others. If you don't remember such
things as these and do your full duty,
you will see the time when you'll wish to
goodness you had.' Do you hear?
Let it be always remembered, that for
four years the Democrats have called us
rabid, flannel mouthed agitators, dishon
est tricksters, political gamblers, anarch
ists, goldbugs and everything else, and
yet they have approached these " agita
tors," " dishonest tricksters," " political
gamblers," "anarchists" and "goldbugs"
with a proposition to fuse with them.
Now, in the name of common sense, we
want to ask: if a Democrat thinks a
Populist is.all these things, and then
wants, to "fuse" with him, what else
can that Democrat be than a "goldbug,
"anarchist, eto.r When you answer
this question, send us a postal card.
We hear of a few individuals, calling
themselves Populists, who seem to prefer
a little Democratic newspaper flittery
rather than face the broadsides of slan
der, which are fired at men who dare to
sfandifor the. rights and perpetuity of
the Peoples .Party. Jtten 01 tiia? centre
incur only the suspicion of Populists, and
win the contempt of Democrats. Dem
ocrats regard them as something "Soft,"
and try to use them as decoys for true
Populist. But a genuine Pop just winks
his off eye, and keeps on being a Pop.
Democratic taffy is like laudanum. It
soothes a weak-minded man for awhile,
but it will " do him up " in the end".
We remarked some time last year that
we believed there could always hereafter
be found in North Carolina a combina
tion of .people that would be strong
enough to tee that the management of
State affairs should not go into the hands
of the Democratic party, It will not be
long before we will know whether or
not we are gifted with prophecy.
.' The Democrats tried to work "the
spider and the fly " act on the Pops, but
the web the Democrats wove was not
made of the right kind of stuff to "catch
and hold." In fact, it looks something
like the Democratic web was torn tll to
flinderations, and cannot now hold even
a Democrat.
" Oh! what a tangled web we weave.
When first we practice to deceive."
Democrats were not saying a single
mean thing about the Pops a few days.
They were on a still hunt for the Poppys,
and were trying to snare them. The
Dems missed their game, and lord-e e!
Just listen how they are snorting and
swearing now.
We havn't been able to tell who are
the maddest: Some Dems, because they
did'nt make connection with the Pops,
or some Pops because the Dems tried to
make that connection.
It may be remarked that some folks
try to go into the "redeeming" business
before they, themselves, are fully re
deemed. Redeeming a State, for in
stance. It begins to look as though some Dem
ocrats are about to find out where they
are at, and they find that they are left.
Read again the South Carolina Con
stitution printed in our issue of last week.
It is good reading for these times, and
furnishes food for thought for every Pop
ulist and Republican.
Then came the "sober second thought"
to the Populists, and that thought was
inspired by the action of the Democrats
themselves. The Democrats, after jump
ing onto the People's Party platiorra,
began a vigorous Effort to push every
Populist off of it. This kind of foolish
ness and meanness opened the eyes of
the Populists. They reasoned this way:
"If the Democrats were honest and
square in their professions, they would
not object to letting us stay on the plat
form which we have erected at the ex
pense of so much toil and hardship.
They would not try to steal our structure
and leave us without a habitation and a
name. If our house is good enough for
Democrats to live in, we are good enough
for them to live with If Democrats are
not willing to this, then their only object
is to get possession of our house, and
after getting such possession they will
debauch it first and then destroy it. We
will not submit to this political brigan
dage and vandalism. Before we will
consent to being scattered to the four
winds by the Democratic party, under
these conditions, we will do what we can
to see the Democratic party as dead as
the stamp of death can make it."
Well, a full elaboration is not neces
sary here. Tne action of the Democratic
party in this State will illustrate the story
everywhere. The first thing that party
did was to try to drive out of Congress
every Populist Congressman from this
State. If the Democratic party had been
honest, it would never have made this
attempt. The Populists found friendly
forces in the Republican party of such
strength as to be able to defy the Demo
crats to do their worst, and then for a
while the disappointment of the Demo
crats found vent in all sorts of abusive
expletives against the ' Populists. Bat
they kept up a vindictive fight. They
denounced the Populists as "gold-bugs,"
"Hanna hirelings," and everything else.
They made themselves hoarse by these
howls, and their canvassers and speakers
called upon the people to help them run
away with the platform THEY had stolen
from the People's Party.
But these Democratic speakers and
canvassers miscalculated the stuff that
the people of North Carolina were made
of. The people as many as heard these
speakers did not rush in to help the
Democratic party steal somebody else's
platform and property. The only answer
these speakers got was an expression on
the countenances of the people, which
read plainly in this way: " No, we wont
help you run away with the People's
party platform. You belong to a party
that made us as strong promises four
ye; ts ago as you are making now; and all
through these four years (until a few
months ago) you have been praising
C jveland (gold-bug) and trying to gee
Matt. Ransom returned to the Senate.
No, we hear you, but we do not believe
you. You can't fool us again."
Such was the reply which these speak-
era read in the faces of the people. And
men wnat r i nese Democratic speakers
came to Raleigh pell-mell. They went to
Democratic headquarters and reported
that they were not convincing the people
of Democratic honestv. and that the
people were against them. And then
instantaneously, and not until then
did the Democratic bosses become con
vinced that it was "expedient to unite
the silver forces!" A man with the
blind staggers can see the inwardness of
this sudden conviction on the part of the
It seems unnecessary to say more to
make this matter clear. But emphasis
may be laid upon these facts: That the
Democrats set out to destroy the People's
Party, and wipe it from the face of the
earth; but the P. P. would not wipe out.
They called Populists blatherskites,
tricksters, unprincipled politicians, gold
bugs and anarchists, and then made a
proposition to " fuse" with all these
varieties of Populists.
And when the Populists could not and
would not "fuse" with them, they sent
up a yell that the Populists had proven
treacherous to silver and traitors to prin
ciple! Oh, ye gods and little fishes! A
Populist a traitor to principle because he
cannot fu3e with a Democrat ! ! Ha !
yah! yah!! Umph!! Phew!!! Stink,
stank, stunk ! ! Scat ! Caucasian.
Headquarters Republican
State Executive Committee,
Raleigh, N. C, Oct. 24, '96.
To the People of North Carolina:
We are now within a few days of a
most important election, when you will
decide by your votes whether you desire
to return to the corrupt methods and
practices of the Democratic machine.
We are sure the people have not forgot
ten how in the past they have been
robbed of their political rights through a
system of "bull pens" and returning
boards that were a disgrace to our State
and 60 corrupt the Democrats do not at
tempt to defend them. But if the Dem
ocratic party succeeds in covering their
crimes and infamy by a national issue,
promulgated by them only for deception,
we will find, when too late, the iof amou3
eltction laws, improved bv the methods
of South Carolina and Mississippi, for
ever riveted upon us.
It was to purify the ballot and estab
lish local self-government that the Peo-.
pie s party and Republicans co-operated
in 18SJ4, and by this co-operation placed
upon our statute books, laws with safe
guards that will guarantee that no one
1 w l.c "5 qusAiiici win te denied tua gun
rage, ana nave nis vote counted as cast,
nor allow an illegal ballot to be cast. To
this law the Democratic machine objects.
It was all right for them to hold elections
inside of "bull-pf-ns," with no represen
tatives of the Republican or Populist
party to witness, and there within the
walls of those inclosures results were le
versed, where Governors, Congressmen
and county officers were counted in.
Now, that this corruption is broken up,
with the registration books open for
challenges, with a day set apart fur trial,
with each political party represented by
intelligent and sworn officers sitting as
a court to hear sworn testimony and de
termine the eligibility of the voter, we
hear a great howl about fraud. Compare
this with the Democratic system con
ducted by only partisan registrars, their
"bull pens" and returning boards, and
we have a condition that demands the
approval of every honest citizen.
Our co-operation in 1894 to overthrow
1 y , 1
these infamous election laws and restore
local self-government was denounced by
the Democratic machine as an " unholy
allience." The Populists were abused in
unmeasured terms; Republicans were ap
pealed to by the Democrats not to aid in
the promotion of these " despised Popu
lists in places of honor and trust."
The leaders of the Democratic party
failing in their abuse, and realizing their
doom, planned to deceive the people
with an issue taken from the Populist
platform. In the early part of the cam
paign they applied their tactics to the
colored voters, boasting that they would
be able to deceive more than half "of
them; failing in this, they rushed sudden
ly upon the Populist organization, de
manding entrance. This being refused,
they have turned again, withiu the last
few days, to the colored man, but this
time with no words of friendship, but
an attempt to array one race against the
other, threatening to incite bloodshed.
This should be condemned by all good
citizens. The organ of the Democratic
Committee in its issue of yesterday at
tempted in a disgraceful manner to array
race against race, breathing forth the
spirit of Tillman and Altgeld that inspired
the Chicago Convention to condemn the
action of the President for suppressing
rict and protectirg human life with its
attack on the integrity of the United
States Supreme Court. Following up
this same spirit, they are now attempting
to destroy the confidence of the people in
our own State Courts, hoping thereby to
weaken their authority, that can only
result in encouraging lawlessness and
crime. We appeal to all good citizens
who love their State and its institutions
to go peacably and quietly to the polls on
the day of election, remembering when
they cast their ballots that we are con
fronted by a political- organization that
hopes to install itself in power by avoid
ing a discussion of its past record. We
trust that no Republican will hesitate to
cast his ballot where it will tell with
greatest force in the protection and pre
servation of a free ballot and a local self
government, without which there can be
no security for the personal or political
rights of any man in any State or com
munity. All this the Republican party
stands pledged for in State and nation.
We make this last appeal, feeling con
fident that William McKinley will be
elected President of the United States
and Daniel L-. Russell Governor of North
Carolina, with a Legislature anti-Democratic.
Then peace and prosperity wUl
reign through our land once more.
A. E. Holton,
Chairman Rep. State Ex. Com.
Duties of the Board of Elections.
Raleigh, N. C, Oct. 15, 1896.
A. E. Holton, Esq., Chairman Rep. State
Ex. Committee, Raleigh, N. C.
Dear Sir: At your request I have
made careful examination of the duties
required of the Board of Elections, under
Chapter 159 of Laws of 1895.
Section 7providesfor the appointment
of registrars and judges of electa n and
prescribes their qualifications, and con
tinues, "and the registrars and judges,
when so appointed and qualified, shall
constitute the precinct board of election."
The oath of office then follows, which is
to be taken and subscribed before some
officer authorized to administer oaths,
before the registrar, judge or other offi
cer of election enters upon his duties. It
is also rt quired that said oath shall be
filed with the clerk.
Section 8 enacts, "and on or before the
assembling of the registrars and judges
of election at the voting place on the
morning of election, the said registrars
and judgps shall organize the precinct
board of election by the election of one
of their number as chairman, who snail
preside over their deliberations and have
general charge of the registration and
poll books, the ballot boxes, the conduct
of the election, and the count and return
of the votes cast thereat; and a majority
of said board shall constitute a quorum
for the transaction of all the duties re
quired of them under the provisions of
this act." ,
Sections 11 and 12 require the regis
trars and judges of election to attend at
the voting precinct, with the registration
book, on the second Saturday preceding
the election from 9 a. m. to 4 p. m. , when
and where the said book shall be open
to the inspection of the electors of the
precinct, any one of whom may object
to the name of any person appearing in
said book, and the registrar shall write
opposite the name of the person so ob
jected to, the word "challenged" and
shall appoint the next Saturday, at 10 A.
M., at the polling place of the precinct,
when the board of election shall hear and
decide the objection, after having given
due notice to the voter so challenged: and
if any person challenged or objected to
shall be found not duly qualified, as pro
vided in this chapter, the board shall
erase his name from the books. But the
entry of the name by the registrar in the
firBt instance is presumptive evidence of
the regularity of such registration, the
truth -of the facts stated and the right of
such person to register and vote at such
precinct, and his disqualification must
be shown by a stronger weight of testi
mony, and until a majority of the. board
of elections, present and voting, decides
that the person had no right to register
the name must remain on the book. It
is directed in section 9 that " Said book
shall be closed for registration on the
Saturday next preceding the day of elec
tion at 4 o'clock p M., except that in in
corporated towns and cities the registra
tion shall be closed at 9 o'clock p. M. of
the same day."
Section 17 is as follows: "That the polls
shall be opened on the day of election
from 7 o'clock in the morning until sun
set of the same day, and no longer; and
each voter whose name may appear reg
istered shall hand in his ballot to the
judges who shall carefully deposit the
same in the proper ballot box."
No voter has a right to demand that he
shall be allowed to deposit his own bal
lot. He must hand it to the judges.
They are required to "carefully deposit"
it in the proper box. They are not re
quired to take the word of the voter as
to what ticket it is. They have a right to
know whether it is a ballot for Governor,
and the other officers described in the
first clause of section 18 which go on one
separate ballot, or for members of Gen
eral Assembly and other officers described
in the second clause of said section, which
go on one other separate ballot. They
must not allow more than one ballot to
go into each box and must take care that
no ballot goes into the wrong box. To
allow a voter to slick in his two tickets
without examination might permit two
votes of the same class to be deposited,
one in each bos -and they would both have
to be-connted, under action 20, unless the
resumption was rebutted that the bal
ot in wrong box was 83 deposited by
mistake of officer of election. While no
scrutiny should be made for the mere
purpose of seeing for whom the voter
cast his vote, a sufficient view of the bal
lot should be had to know how to de
posit it in the proper box, and also that
its duplicate does not go in the other box.
.By section 19, the said ballot boxes
shall be in the custody of the board of
elections for each precinct during every
election and turned over to the custody
of the clerk upon the close of the elec
tion. The board shall carefully examine
the ballot boxes before the voting begins
and see that there is nothing in them.
Section 20 directs that, "when the elec
tion is finished, the registrars and judges
of election, in the presence of such can
didates or their representatives as choose
to attend, shall open the boxes and count
the ballots, and that "if there shall be
two or more tickets rolled up together,
or any ticket shall contain the names of
more persons than such elector has a
right to vote for, such ticket shall not
be numbered in taking the ballots, but
shall be void; and the said counting of
votes shall be continued without adjourn
ment until completed and the result
thereof declared. Any ballot found in
the wrong box shall be presumed to have
been deposited there by mistake of the
officers of election, and unless such pre
sumption shall be rebutted the ballot
shall be counted. The ballots which were
at said election deposited in the different
ballot boxes shall, as they are counted,
be forthwith deposited in duplicate ballot
boxes, for that purpose to be provided,
and the ballot boxes to which they have
been returned shall be securely fastened
and sealed."
Section 21 provides that " the precinct
board of election, or a majority thereof,
in each precinct shall, immediately after
the counting of the ballots has been con
cluded make out, in writing triplicate
abstracts of the votes cast at said pre
cinct for the different candidates, sign
the same immediately after the comple
tion of the count, and deliver one of said
abstracts, in an envelope sealed and ad
dressed to one of their number, who shall
deliver the same within twenty-four
hours thereafter to the clerk. They shall
also deliver to the same person the ballot
boxes containing the ballots cast and
counted at eaid election and he shall de
liver them-to the clerk at the same time
he delivers to him the said abstracts, and
the clerk shall give to said messenger a
receipt for the same. The said board shall
appoint another of their number to whom
they shall deliver one other of the said
triplicate abstracts, in an envelope sealed
and addressed, and he shall deliver the
same within twenty-four hours there
after to the register of deeds of the
county, and take his receipt therefor; and
the third and last of said triplicate ab
stracts shall be posted up by the board
of elections in some safe and. conspicu
ous place at the voting precint.
Under section 57 the registrar and
judges of election possess full power to
maintain order and enforce obedience to
their lawful commands, and are consti
tuted inferior courts for that purpose, and
may commit persons offending to jail, by
order signed by the chairman, for a period
not exceeding thirty days, and if sheriff or
constable is not present, or refuses to act,
depute an officer in writing to serve the
process. " AH elections ought to be free,"
is the mandate of the Constitution.
Respectfully yours,
John W. Graham,
Raleigh, N. C, Oct. 17, 1896.
Dear Sir: The above ia a construc
tion of the law by Hon. John W. Gra
ham regarding the duty of judges and
registrars. Respectfully,
A. E. Holton,
Chairman Rep. State Ex. Com.
P. K.
2 00
3 68
4 80
4 44
6 20
Lv. Wllm'gton Mulberry SU.
Leave Jacksonville...
Leave Maysville...
Leave Pol lock svllle.
Arrive Newborn
A. X.
9 20
9 6b
10 09
10 42.
12 40
Leave Newbern
Leave Pollock svllle.
Leave Maysville........
Leave Jacksonville..,
Ar. Wilmington Mulberry St..
Trains 7 and 8 makes eon Dee t Ion with
Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad for
Morebead City and Beaufort.
Connection at Newbern with steamers to
and irom Elizabeth City and Nonolk Mon
day, Tuesday, Wednesday and Friday;
Steamer Geo. D. Purdy makes dally trips
between Jacksonville and New River points.
J. W. MARTENIS, Gen'l Manager.
. Truffle Manager.
mm mm ssa
AND " S. A. l: EXPRESS.!
Schedule in Effect April 6, I8tt.
SOUTHBOUND. No. 403. No. 41.
Lv New York, via Pa. R.R. 8 20 pm 9 00 pm
"Philadelphia, " 615 12 05 nut
"Baltimore, " 7 81 " 2 55 am
" Washington, ' " 8 40 " 4 30 "
Richmond. , 12 8 am 905 "
EvNorfolk. vlaS. A. L ll 80 WOO am
Portsmouth, 12 01tKt 9 15"
Ev Weldon. vla 8. A. I 805 am 11 65am
Ar Henderson, " 4 82 " 1 89 pm
Ar Durham, vlaH. A. L t 7 82 am f4 0 pm
Lv.Durlmm. " f 5 VP pm til 00 ant
Ar Raleigh, via U. A. L 6 65 am a i4 pin
" Han ford, " ' 7 14 " 4 68 '
" Southern rines, " 8 00 5 49
Hamlet, " 8 60 " 8 55
" Wadettboro, " 9 62 " 8 01 "
" Monroe, - ' . 10 40 " 8 65 "
Ar Charlotte, via W. A. L.. IHi am 10 20 pm
Ar Chenler, via tt. A. L. i2 Wt pm '10 82 pm
"Clinton, " 1 ao " 11 68 "
" Greenwood, " 2 H8 " 1 oo am
"Abbeville, " 8 00 " 182
" Klberton, " 4 00 " 2 8 "
"Athens, " 610 " 8 iM "
" Winder, ' 6 63 " 4 21 "
" Atlanta, 8. A. L. (Union
. Depot), (Cent. Time) 6 45 " 6 20 "
NORTHBOUND, No. 402. No. 88.
Lv Atlanta, vlaH. A. L. j
(Central Time) 11 45 am 8 10 pm
' Athens, via tt. A. L 2 65 pm 11 40 "
Elberton, " 4 00 12 45 am
"Abbeville, ' " . 6 00 " 1 47
"Greenwood, " 6 80 215 "
" llnton, " 6 25 8 18 "
" Chester, " 7 89 " 4 48 '!
Lv Charlotte, vlaH. A. L.. f 8 20 pm J25jim
Lv Monroe, via 8. A. L 15pin 13 am
"Hamlet, . 10 85 " 8 15 "
Southern Pines, " 1121 " 915
" Raleigh, " 1 20 am 11 81 "
Ar Durham, via a. A. L 7 2 aiiijf 4 09 piu
Lv Durham, " t6 20 pmjtll 00 am
Ar Weidoii, via H. A. L 4 0' am 8 00 pm
" Richmond 6 40 " 8 40 "
" WaRhlngn.viaPa.R.R. 10 45 " 1110 "
"Baltimore, 12 00 m 12 48 ngt
" Philadelphia, - " 2 20 pm 8 45 am
" New York, " 4 63 " 0 63 "
Ar I'orlhiuouth, viats.A.L. 7 M am 6 60 "pm
" Norfolk " 7 60 8 00
Nos. 403 and 402, "The Atlanta Hpeclal," sol
Id Vetlbuled Train, with Bullet bleepers and
Day Coaches between Washington and Atlan
ta. Parlor and Dining Cars, New Yoifc to
Washington. Pullman feleepers between
Portsmouth and Charlotte (oeu at Ports
mouth 9 p. M.). Connecting at Atlanta for and
from Macon, Florida, Chattanooga, Nashville,
Memphis, Texas, California and the West.
Nos.41 and 88, "The H. A. L. Kinress." Solid
Train of Pullman Sleepers and Day Coaches,
between Portsmouth, W'eldon and Atlanta;
also New York to Weldon and Cape Charles.
Connecting at Atlanta for and rrom Montgom
ery, New Orleans, Texas, Mexico, Macon,
Florida; at Portsmouth with Bay Line and
coastwise steamers and rail routes to the north
and east.
Dally. fDally. except Sunday.
No extra fare on any train.
For tickets, sleepers and Information, apply
to Ticket Agents, or to
H. S. LEARD, SoL Pass. Agt.,
Raleliih N C
E. ST. JOHN, Vlce-Pres. and Gen. Mau. ' '
V. E McBEE, Gen. Superintendent.
H. W. B. GLOVER, Traffic Manager.
T. J. ANDERSON, Gen. Pass. Agent.
General Offices : POltrsMOUTH, VA.
DATED , iil -V cfT
Sent. i7. ISM. T Ts
. (Corrected.) g
A. M. P. M. A. H P. M.
Leave Weldon.... 11 65 9 44 . ..
Ar. Rocky Mount 1 00 10 89
Leave Tarboro... a 12
Lv.Rocky Mount 1 00 10 30 ......... 6 45 12 45
Leave WiIson.r.. 2 10 11 in a 15 2 15
Leave Selma. 2 o3 .
Lv. Fayettevllle.. 4 80 1 07 ''."Z'.
Arrive Florence.. 7 25 8 14
P. X. A. M.
Leave Gotdsboro . 7 00 8 10
Leave Magnolia. g ( 4 j
Ar. Wilmington .. 80 6 45
. - i A Wt P frt
(Corrected.) fa eg cjg
A. M. P. M.
Lv. Florence 8 4u 7 4ii
Lv. Fayettevllle, 11 10 9 40 ZL ZZZ
Leave Helma....... 12 84
Arrive Wilson.... 1 a 85 "Z
Lv. Wilmington . ?
LV. Magnolia 8 80 10 62
Lv. Goidsboro ... 9 m ia oi
Leave Wilson 1 Xfl..... ll 85 10 2H 12 62
Ar.Rocky Mount 2 17 12,11 1105 188
Leave Tarboro... 12 12
Lv.Rocky Mount 2 17 ......... 12 II
Arrive Weldon... 8 8 1 0! .
P M. K. M P. M
Train on the Scotland Neck Branch Road
leaves Weldon at 8:55 p. m., Halifax 4:18 p. m. :
arrive Scotland Neck at 6:05 p. m., Greenville
8:47 p. m., Klnston 7:45 p. ra. Returning,
leaves Klnston 7:20 a. m., Greenville 8:22 a. rn. ;
arriving Halifax at 11:00 a. m., Weldon 11:20
a. m. dally except Sunday.
Trains on Washington Branch leave Wash
ington 8:00a. m. ana 2.00p. rn., arrive Parmele
8:60 a. m. and 8:40 p. m., returning leave Par
mele 9:50 a. m. and 6:20 p. m., arrive Wash
ington 11:25 a. m. aud 7:10 p. in., daily except
Sunday. "
Train leaves Tarboro, N. a, dally, 5.-30 p.m. :
arrives Plymouth at 7:35 p. m. Returning,
leaves Plymouth 7:40 a. m., arrives Tarboro
Train on Midland, N. C, Branch leaves
Go.dsboro dally, except Sunday, at 8:00 a. ra.:
arriving Smlthfleld at 7:20 a. m. Returning,
leaves Smlthfleld at 7:50 a. m. ; arrive at Goids
boro at 9:16 a. m.
Trams on Nashville Branch leaves Rocky
Mount at 4:30 p. m.; arrives Nashville at 6:05
p. m.. Spring Hope 6:30 p. m. Returning,
leaves Spring Hope at 8;00 a. m., Nashville
8:35 a, m.; arrive at Rocky Mount at 9:05 a.m.
daily; except Sunday.
Train on Clinton Branch leaves Waraaw for
Clinton daily, except Sunday, at 11:10 a.m.
and 8:45 p. m. Returning, leaves Clinton at
7:00 a. in. and 3:00 p. m.
Train No. 78 makes close connection at Wel
don for all points North dally, all rail via.
Richmond, also at Rocky Mount with Nor
folk and Carolina Railroad or Norfolk, and
all points North via Norfolk.
, J011N '.DIVINE,
J. R. KENLY, oen'l Bupt.
General Manager.
Trafflo Manager.
Iw Effect Sukdat, November 18, 1894.
3 4
Paa'ng'r Dally Pas'ng'r Dally
Ex. Sunday. Ex. Sunday.
Arrive Leave.i Arrive Leave.
P. X. P. JC. A. X. A. JC.
"8 20 Goidsboro . 11 00
4 25 4 80 Klnston 9 88 9 43
6 60 6 68 Newbern 8 07 8 20
7 28 7 83 Xorehead City 6 82 0 87
P. X. I P. M. I A. X. j A. M.
Train 4 connects with Wilmington ft Wel
den train bound North, leaving Goidsboro at
14:35 a. m., and with Richmond and Danville
train West, leaving Goidsboro at 2 p. m., and
with Wilmington, Newbern and Norfolk at
Newbern for Wilmington and Intermediate
Train 8 connects with Richmond and Dan
vllle trsln, arriving at Goidsboro 8 p. m., an j
with Wilmington and Weldon train from the
North at 8:05 p. m. -
No. 1 train also connects with Wilmington
Newbern and Norfolk for Wilmington and
ntermediate points, 8, L. DILL,
00. Super In tend eat,

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