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IKE ttttKLT GAZtflE.
ISE WEEKLY GAZETTE. rcxunam by H. TOUKG. Editor mn'iFrcp. . S. MITCHELL and A. J. ROGERS, General Tmwmtlrnt Mntt BATES OF ADYELTISIHQ. On square, one insertion... ...$ 50 Doe square, one month......... 1 00 One square, two nouths 3 00 One square, three months 2 60 One square, tlx months. & 00 One square, one Jt. .......... 9 00 C3T Liberal contracts nude for larger advertisements. 4, Si C33525cS2d VOL. VIII. RALEIGH, N. C. SATURDAY, DECEMBER 5. 1896- NO. 12. JL JnLJjj IrlC NEWS EHTOMIZeUl it Taalilnsten Jtma. fll!?J.oInlCon':res3 library CommltteA fca3 XAhVi I n to investigato the accounts of ir.fi ?Porrr.lf apatnst whom charges or "regularities vroro made a year ago. rniSTV"aeuernl Frederick C. Pen field at Rerv iy?t informe l the Marino Hospital p, : -"wu iae orate ueparcmenr, mat i sht bttea offlelally declared free of wrote Pn0r to tha dat0 oa WQlch h0 birtAier vct wa3 vcn against Prince 'Ytur thi ,'S9uitto secure readmisston into m i.1ropo,tan Clllb ln Washington, from -h ho had been expelled. Wfe yen(?zelan Boundary Commission is preparing tho vast mass of evidence collect ed by It for publication. President Cleveland appointed John Henry f er b3 JaJ ol the District Court or the Western District of Askansa?. ???.retary ot tho Treasury has dis- y.'t,Tl. V1.li,aTn B. Morliy. enzlnner ottbe ino- i- at Denver. Col., forcolleot- J P ''Heal as3jssments from Government lu violtion of the civil service Wv 3?IS ,'a'io has b-0Q under investigation y the Civil Sorvice Commission. xulIlls M- IIr,ret, a clerk in the office of the Aajutant-General. War Department, was ar l .at hi9 lesk for the theft ot ft valuable k . ou OI rapa bclonsinir to Mr. Thian, TTn ? er!c' Ho acknowledged his puilr. yVm o ft 6errana and -was appointed under wvu Service rules, from New York, in 1394. i The President appointed Charles C. Nott. J New York, now Jnclg of iho Court of alms, to bo Chief Justice of tho Court of Uaims.an l Charles B. Howry, of Mississippi, ;now au Assistant Attorney General, to be a dude of the Court of Claims. Ju1ff Nott Was bora in Schenectady. N. Y., in 1827. L Seator Proctor said in WMshincton that :either Mark H nnu nor himself would be an the Cabinet to be announced by Major McKinley. The Com pi roller of the Currency hav re ceived information of thw failure of the Dakota National Bank of Sioux Vails, South Dakota. The b.iui; has a capital of $50,0i:0, and at tho time of the last report it had a surplus of 50.00 ) and liabilities amounting to 4230. 00. exclusive of stock. Bank Ex aminer Firman has been p'aced in charge. Domestic. i Tho sreamboat John E. Mooro sank on Homer Shoal. New York Harbor, but in shallow water, so that the 150 persons oa board, who took refuge on the top (leak, Were easily rescued. , A blizzard rased in North Dakofa. Busi ness was suspended nd railroad traffic was at a standstill. Thu Brown University football team de feated the Carlisle Indian School eleven in New York City by the score of 42 to 12. Walter B. Rue, ased sixteen, of Brooklyn, was umpiring a football gamo when he was caught in n scrimmage an I was killed. Prohibitionists in the town of Alexis, 111. , blew up with dynamite a liquor saloon which was operated without a license. The United States gunboat Newport was launched at Bath, Me., in tbi presence of a large crowd. The oldest unmarried great grand'iaughter of Commodore Perrj',victorof Lake Erif, Miss La Farge, th daughter of John La Farge, the wull known artist of New York City, christened the vessel. Alfred D:miol3, alias Frank Williams, ch irged with burning J. D. Stringerfello.v'a barn some months si nco. and who was ar rested in Jacksonville, was lynched about five miles north ot Gainesville, FJa., having been taken from the custody of a deputy sheriff. Professor Witthaus found no knockout drops in tho stomach of Frank P. Axbuckle, ibe Denver mine owrer found dead at High bridge Heights, New York City. , Trofessor Benjamin Apthorp Gould, tho distinguished astronomer, died at his resi dence in Cambridge, Mass.. at the ago of seventy-two. ,He was preparing to leave the house in Iho' evening when ho fell down stairs and receive I injuries lrom .which he died two hours later. Three men were fatally shot and several others more or less seriously wounded in a drunken riot at Duryea. Duryea 13 a small mining village near Pittston, Penn. There is a large colony of foreigners there who work in the mines. G. W. Nelson, leading tenor in the choir at Thanttsglving service at the First Baptis Church, Chattanooga, Tenn., dropped dead in the choir. Apoplexy was tho cause ot hi3 death. Henry A. Jones, known as the "Lightning Calculator," died at Southlngton. Conn., aged sixty-six years. He could add in an Instant columns of eight and ten figures as quickly as he could pass hi3 hand over the page. John S. Bankin. a wealthy timber dealer af Detroit. Mich., was found dead on Fitz uiltiam Island, Georgia Bay, and it was feared Thomas J. Austin, his companion, was drowned. Tho gun trial of tho United States battle ship Oregon was highly successful, accord ing to reports mane at San Francisco. By the overturning of a gaoline lamp, an explosion occurred at the residence of F. A. Walker, Minneapolis, Minn. Mrs. Walker, nor daughter Mabel, aged thirteen, and the domestic, Mary Overland, were probably fatally burned. ' J. Pierpont Morgan, Kidder, Peabodv 4 Co and others obtained control of the West End Railroad in Boston with the reported intention of chansing it to an elevated road. Major McKinlev and Garret A. Hobart sent letters to the meeting of the Pennsyivania Fea'e Society expressing their gratification at the settlement ot the Venezuelan dispute. The Rev. James Miller, of Bloomlngton, III was mnrdered.mysteriously, in Dacatur, 111. The Silver Democratic State Committee of Kentucky decided to continue its con test for tho electoral vote of the State. ; W J. Bryan visited Denver. Col., and was received witn enthusiasm. Ho spoke several tlme3 to large crowds. J. K. Parks, of Boston, the organizer of the Nail Trust, admitted that the combination bad practically been dissolved. Cbauncey M. Depew spoko before the Ver mont Society of the Sons of the American Revolution in Montpelier, Vt. The annual Live Stock Show was opened at Madison Square Garden, New York City. , After an absence ot thirty years Richard Jordan returned to his aged parents at Vine land, N.J. ' a murder and suicide near Mayfleld, Ky., Js reported. T. B. Baker and his wife sep arated some time ago, and Mrs. Baker had Clnee instituted suit for divorce in the Graves County Circuit Court. It is supposed this provoked the tragedy. Baker, after Inline his wife instantly turned the pistol upon himself, shooting himself through the hvart. t I George W. G. Ferris, inventor and builder Lt the Ferris Wheel, which was exhibited at the Chicago World's Fair, died in Pittsburg, jpenn. I . Foreign nnni. . Atatnh from Manila 'says that the V . 1 Sr?"...! - hodv of Philippine insurgents, i.i. tmnn under fliajor AnoKa imve whose losses and killed in wounded were ardof 400 men. Thanksgiving -aJ wv. -j cans In nuet at ha Kftiserhof. Two hundred and .v miMta wera Drt-soui Embassador riht who presided, made a brief speech, in whYch he testified to the importance of the Darts German-Americans had played in the P?.Vr J f th United States. He then called f at three cheers for Emperor William, which 1V1 " , trnnA will were given wim wm; "v"-r WAR DEPARTMENT WORK. Secretary Umont Makes His An 1 nual Report. STATE OF OUR FIGHTING FORCE. Coast Defenses Belns Improved With Great Rapidity More Artillerist Needed Work at West Point is Highly Commended .ew, Idea About Na tional Guard Estimates for tlie Tear. Washington, D. C. (Soe;ial). Secretary Lamoal's report of the operations of the War Dapartment for 1896 shows total" ex penditures aggregating $51P3,2CC, of which $13,505,063 wa3 for pay of the army, $1,483, 286 for subsistence, $2,867,464 for seacoast defenses and $17,841,503 for river and har bor improvements". The unexpended appropriation turned back into the Treasury at the end of last year was $1,975,033, making, with two pre vious years, more than $5,OJO.00O. Much of the report is devoted to a detailed exhibit of the work accomplished and now under way on tho coast defenses. On July 1, 1893, of our modern defense but one higbpower gun was mounted. By July 1 next seventy highpower breech-loading guns and nincty-flvo breech-loading mortars of modern design will bo iu position, and by the following July 1 123 guns, 153 mortars. A battery of two or threo of these guns takes tho placo of the former pretentions fort, and is vastly more effective. The subject of coat defenses is elaborate ly discussed, and the statement is made that theEndicott project, modified by the Engi neer Corps, is ia a fair way to be carried out, providing batteries and mines that nre cal culated to protect American ports from any fleet that could assail them. Slocethe adoption of tho present coast defense scheme 26,457,16J has been appro priated, moro than one-third of which, was provided lit the last session of Congress. Tho armament of troops with the new magazine arms wa3 completed in May, and thd armory is turning out 125 rifles or car riages per day. All the ammunition for small -arms now mads is supplied with smokeless powder of American manufacture. But littlw change has occurred in the water levels of Iho Great Lakes during the past year, and as no wa:er has yet been drawn for uso in the Ch.cago Drainage Canal, no further facts can be given sis to the probable effect of abstracting 10.000 cubio feet of water per second from Lake Michigan. The 6ECK1.TATIY. DANIEL S. LA1IOXT. importance of providing reliable data con cerning tho probable effect of this and tho opening of connecting channels is urged up on Congress. Tho army consists ot 25,426 offlcPr3 nnd men, or 284 belo.v the legal maximum. Tue effective field strength on October 31 was 23,382. Secretary Lamoat calls attention to the fact that moro lino officera are now serving with their regiments than at any time since the war. Tha discipline of the troops wa3 never bet ter than now. The trials by general courts inartial decreased fifteen per cent, during the year, and never has tho health of the troops been so gooa. Under the new i eruitlng system 8498 mea were enlisted last yiar, one-halt at garri son posts without expense. Desertion is de creasing. Des-r.ers in 1883 numbered 3578, in 1893 only 163 & and last year 1355. The excellence in military exercises of the corps of cadets at West Point has never been surpassed, and the corps numbers 322, the largest number ever attending at one time. The thirty-five army officers assigued to duty with tbe National Guard report steady improvement. Camp3 of instruction were held in thirty-one States and in several in stance regular troops were encamped with the militia. Tho National Guard aggregate 111,887 officers and men. To maintain this force the States appropriate $2,8S0,000 and the Government $400,000. Investigation this year has shown serious deficiencies in the arms and equipment of the militia. Secretary Lamont recommends that the Springfield rifle, calibre forty-five, be is sued; that the States bo allowed to return to the War Department obsolete arms. Tho 310 Apache prisoners of Goronimo's band at Fort Sill have reached a self-sup. porting condition. Secretary Lamont recom mends that the 36,000 acres they occupy bo acquired by tho Government, and that they then be placed nnder control of the Indfan Bureau. The estimates for the year ending June 30, 1898. for permanent deenses and Ueir arma ment, amount to 810,432,208, in addition to $2,500,000 required to meet contracts au thorized by the Fortification uct of June 6, 1896. Flood In Martinique. Advices from Fort de France, capital of tho island of Martinique, are to the effect that heavy rains throughout the island have caused all the streams to overflow their banks an 1 Immense damage has been done to property. A number of persons in the interior, all of whom are believed to have been Africans, have been drowned. The Marblehead at Home. The United States cruiser Marblehead came into the Port of New York from a twenty months' cruise in European waters. Her presence in the Turkish port or Messina lad to the release of an American missionary, the Bey. Mr. Knapp. Dollar Wheat in Sight. May wheat has the call on the Exchange at St. Louis, Mo. It started right In to break a record, and by noon had touched 92o., the highest figure since 1391. Unless pre vailing conditions are upset, dollar wheat will soon no longer be a subject ol specula tion. Cash wheat in the .New York market bumped a dollar. No. 2 rod, the standard grade, "free on board," got up to 99$ cents a bushel, or one-half cent above any pre vious price. The closing quotation was 99, Thirty Killed In a Mine. A despatch from Brestaa says that thirty persons were killed in a colliery explosion at Zengorze, Russian roiana. CEORCIA'3 NEW SENATOR. Alexander S. Clay Elected to Sacceod Gen eral John I!. Gordon. Alexander Stephens Ciay, who has just been elected to the United States Senate by the Legislature of Georgia, was a poor boy, the son ol a poor farmer. He paid for hi3 education with the money he earned, and by tho same process educated himself in the law. On his father's side Mr. Clay i3 of Scotch descent. Hi3 great-graadfat her came from Scotland in the middle of the last cen tury and settled in Virginia. His grand father came to Georgia and livod on a farm In Washington County. His father wa3 a Confederate eoldier. Senator-elect Clay was graduated in law in 1876 nnd has been en gaged in the practice ot his profession at Marietta ever since. Ho has always been an active Democrat and has been prominent in Georgia politics for many years. In 1S84 Mr. Clay was elected to tho Legislature and his ability was at once recognized. In 1883 he was .unanimously Speaker of the lower House., Mr. Clay is a tree trader and a sil ver man. CLEVELAND'S NEW HOME. The President Bays a Colonial Mansloa in Frlnceton, N. J. President Cleveland has decided to make Princeton. N. J., his permanent homoaftor March 4, 1 -.07. Profossor West returned to Princeton from Washington, D. C, and authorizad tho following statement for pub lication: "President Cleveland has purchased the re-idence of Mrs. Stldell, on Bayard avenue, Princeton, and will make Princeton his permanent homo soon afier the expiration of uis term a3 Prasident. Negotiations looking to this end have been in progress about three weeks nnd wera consummated to-day bytbe purenaseof the property. "A number of reasons have attracted Pres ident and Mrs. Cleveland to Prinseton. The President's father was educated for the Pres byterian ministry there. The quiet nnd in dependent home life of the placa, its health fulness, its convenience to New York, the at tractions of a university society, as well as other reasons, have been influential in form ing this decision." The Slldell mansion, purchased by Presi dent Cleveland, is considered to be tne finest place of residence fn Princeton. The houss is a two-story stone building, in old colonial style. There are steps on taree sides, with five piliar3 in front. The building is forty seven feet square, and there are five win dows in front. A beautiful drive reaches around tvro sides of the house. Tha wholo property consists of five acres, and the yard is shaded by pino and maple trees. It is rumored $59,000 was the price paid. Tho town and college are elated over tho news. i WEYLEFt AGAIN A-F1ELD. In Personal Command of 35,003 Men lie Starts Alter Maceo. Ha v asa. Cuba. (By Cable). Haptain Gcneral Weyler left on the gunboat Legazpi t midnight for Mariel to resume personal command of the military operations inPinar del Rio Province. General Cahxto Ruiz, Chief ot Cavalry; Dr. Justo Martinez, of the hospital corps, and various staff officers and adjutants left by rail for Artemisa to join General Woyler, with his 35,000 men, in the field. Indications point to an active resumption ot operations and the continued crude perse cution of tho rebels. More Havana volun teers have boan ordered into active service for Pinar del Rio, and are leaving Havana daily by rail fcr Artemisa. The military hospital reports show 10,835 Spanish soldiera ill in Havana alone. The wounded are not included. Fourteen officers and 433 privates, all sick, arrived by rail from Cayajabos and Artemisa. The trans port Bolivar arrived from Bahla, Honda and other ports on the Pinar del Rio north coast with eight officers and 210 privates 111. SHAVED MEN FOR A LIVING. Susan Ashley, Once a Ilfch Woman, Barlcd at Westfleld. Mass. Susan Ashley was buried at Westfleld, Mass., a few days ago, so quietly that few people knew about the plain little funeral. Yet when she was born there, forty year ago. the news had been sent out that a daughter had been born to the Ashleys. one of iho richest and roost influential families in Mass achusetts. Her mother died, leaving her $5,000,000. Sho married J. C. White, once United States Minister to Brazil, and spent the honeymoon in Europe, living in luxury and being presented to the Queen. Then husband and wife became estranged and separated, she resuming her maiden name and going to Chicaao with, her daughter. Her torture was swept away by bad investments, and to make a living the ex-society leader opened a shop on Madison street and hung out the sign, "Lady Barber." It was u successful enterprise, although Miss Ashley's relatives were properly scandalized. Her daughter Florence still carries on the business and shaves all comers. - Campanlnf, the Tenor, Dead. Italo Campanini, the tenor singer, who was well known in the United States, died near Parma, Italy, a few days ago. He was born at Parma in 1816. Woman Baffles a Mob. A woman in Richmond, Mo., held a mob at bay which was bent on lynching two men confined in a jail on tho charge of murder. The woman was the Sheriff's wife. Strange Weather Conditions. Blizzards were reported in Minnesota, the two Dakotas, Oregon and Manitoba. In Mis sissippi, Texas and Kentucky destructive wind storms were piecedpd by almost sum mer warmth. Kansas had a modified bliz zard. At th3 same time, in New York City summer-like weather prevailed. November 27 was tho hottest of that date oa record, the top point registered being 71. Filibusters Tried. The Competitor filibusters wore quietly tried by court-martial ia Havana, Cuba, in spite of official protests from Ifie United States. M villll ALEXAyDEE S. CI. AT. ! Wl I .HI.. I ' I IllEI BUDGET OF ITEMS CIJLLED FROM VARIOUS SOURCES. A VJ'Iilto s views ox a Colored s urpnanagc. h' "W. W. H." in an appest to tha people of Charleston, S. 0., the South, the North and the world at large, has tho following to say concerning the Colored-Orphanage of the a ewe cty: "I am a white man free xom all touch of race prejudice, a aan who looks udOe -his v fellows 1 -tfifevery nationality eolely from an individual standpoint and recognizes merit wherever he meets it, regardless of "race, color, or previoua condition of servitude." Indeed, with me, a man who proves h;mself Buperior to ad verse circumstances and makes a suc cess of himself in spite of his environ ments, is entitled to more appreciation and respect than one who has merely maintained his hold upon favorable surroundings aud made tbe befct of them. ' As with a man, so with a peo ple. That nation which has struggled up from the lowest plane of existence to a comparative degree of culture and refinement is worthy ot more glory and applause, more sympathy and good will than one which occupies a loftier height by merely pushing to the utmost more advantageous conditions. There is no doubt that the Negro race deserves more credit today than any other nation in the world. They started from tbe lowest plane of humanity amid the wild jungles of the least known conti nent ou the globe, and many of the tribes in Africa have not, as yet, risen above the condition of their fathers. But it is the American Negroes to whom I particularly refer. Not only did they onco dwell in African barbarism liko tbeir brethren acioss the sea, but they have passed through a long, long night of servitudo and bondage calcu lated to deprive them of even that de gree of manhood and self-reliance which they possessed in their native land where tbey were at least free if unenlighted, uninformed. Today they 6tand upon a pyramid, largely of their own erection, whereiniies bnried the lowliness, ignorance and superstition of their patt, and can proudly, yet humbly, challenge all history to pro duce tbe parallel of their achievement. They have crossed the Bed Sea into Liberty; they are nearing the end of their arduous journey through the- Vilderness of Zion, and tbeir advance guard can already ' catch glimpses of the Promise Land of Usefulness to the world and Prosperity for Themselves into which tbey will enter by and by not as the rival of the white man, not as his ene my, but as his friend, his co-operatcr, his co-worker in the uplifting of the world. Does not the Negro of Amer ica, then, demand our sympathy and support more than any other people oa earth? Certainly the white men of tbe South will not deny this when they re flect that it was largely the labor of the Negro in the ante-bellum years which made possible the wealth, cul ture aud refinement of our section to day! We send vast sums of money abroad, annually, to help educate and redeem sinful and illiterate foreigners (which is well) who can never yield us anything in retnrn except in an indi rect and general way, but are we not neglecting to a culpable extent the claims upon our bounty of a people nearer home, a people to whom we owe gratitude for labor in the past and to whom we owe reparation for enforced servitude through centuries now hap piiy dead a people whoso interest is ours, whose affection and whose trade is ours, not in an indirect or general but in a direct, personal and particu lar way, and from tvhom we may reasonably expect to receive tenfold for every dollar expended in their be hulf? White men of tbe South, let me, a Southern born, Southern raised and Southern educated white man like yourself, urge you earnestly to think seriously and without prejudice upon these things. "White men of the South, of the North, of the world, there is one place open at least for the physical protec tion and moral, epiritual and intellect ual enlightenment of these unfortun ate, destitute and most miserable be ings; it is the Jenkins Orphanage, 20 Franklin street, Charleston, 3. C, founded in 1891 bv Ev. T). J. Jpti- I kins, its present president, and it is ordeal it has had to contend with since its inception. It may have to sucenmb. If you will come to its help at once, this calamity will be averted. If you could see the boys and girls at their Btudie3 in the schoolroom and observe the progress they are making and tbe skill and patient, painstaking fidelity of tbe teachers, you would not allow it to be sacrificed if your assistance would uphold it. If you could hear the children singing in a body, religious songs at the morning devotional exer cises of the school, or if you could note the polite, courteous, gentle bearing of tbe orphans toward one another at all times and under all circumstances, you would be sure to say in your heart, "This institution is a blessing to the land ; it (shall not die. I will help keep it alive. And you would immediately perform the noblest act of your life by contributing to its support. - The recent B. M. C. held at India napolis was one of the most interest ing sessions of tbe Odd Fellows. It thowed remarkable management on the rart of tbe officers who have the business of the order in hand, and re flected great credit upon tne race as an example of our own organized ef fort. Tbe treasury showed a cash ac count of over 1 8,000, with real es tate holdings in different States to the extent of $1,500,000. There were 258 delegates present from all parts of the otry, representing the race in ev ery i;rr.-. pf life. It was remarked that it was thelrjfit trwrvA,'r,orirea gath ering ever seen. Tha next luetic will bo held at St. Lotus, 3Jo. James F. Needham, of Omaha, Neb., has held the position of discount clerk in the city tax office of that city for 25 fears at a salary of SI. 500 cer year. I As Outlined by Gen. Grosvenor, of Ohio, in an Interview. HE IS NEAR TO WM. M'KINLEY. The Closeness of Their Relation? Gives Added Importance to Ills Ob jections to the Dingley Bill Extra Session Talk. The Commercial-Tribune, of Cincinnati, O., prints a loDg article sicned by General Grosvenor, Congressman from the Eleventh Ohio district, in which he outlines his views as to the policy of the Republican party. He says in tbe outset that he expresses bis own views and docs not undertake to com mit or represent any other member of the party than himself. Furthermore, he does not even consent to Liud himself to these views should tho majority of his Republican associates on tbe Ways and Means committee dissent from them. He says: "The question of the hour, it seems to me, so far a it relates to economic legislation, is, Ought tho Fifty-fourth Congress ia its clos ing session to pass tbe Diugley bill, or should that measure bo allowed to perlbh and tbe Republican party move forward to the dis charge ot the high duty imposed upon it by the result of tho last election V In these questions General Grosvenor takes the position that although it might be well lt tbe Dinclcy bill could be passed for tempo rary relief and be followed immediately alter the fourth of March in an extra session of Congress by the passage of a proper per manent measure, vet tbe passage of that ten tative bill hinder and obstruct tbe passage of a proper measure, and therefore should not be attempted. He criticises the Dingley bill for proposing ad valorem duties, which have proven a standincr invitation to defraud tbe Government. This was one creat delect of the Wilson bill aai it should be remedied in future legislation. Another reason for the defeat of the Ding- ley bill is that it does not meet tho require ments of the St. Louis piattorm as a proteo tive measure. Ho says every Republican member of the Wavs and Moans Committee has been re elected and those members "dnrlng the time which is to elapse between the first Monday in December, and the fourth day ot March, can formulate a tariff bill, predictxt upon the principles of the McKinley law, with schedules adapted to existing condition-, perfected and all readv for passage within ten days after the meeting of an extra session of Congress, and then it there is patriotism ana Kepuoucanism enough in the Senate it can be passed into a law nul be ready for enforcement by the first of Mav " On tho other band let the Dingley law be passed, founded, as it is, upone rors that are oiganicand Incurable. Then let it run till De cember. 1807. and let Congress" organize, ap point committees, encounter the delays of the holidays, attack a mass of incidental leg islation nnd set about framing a permanent tariff. In that case it would do well if it got an untried measure through by September, 1896. in the midst of a campaign for Congress. Meanwhile the country vould be flooded with foreign importations, to the injury ot home industries, tbe reduction of revenue and a long train of consequent evils. From General Grosvenor's relations to President-elect McKinley it is generally be lieved that tbeir views on this matter very nearly coincide. NO KATE WAR JUST NOW. President Iloflman Says It Is Prema ture to Talk of It, but It is Fos lble. That a renewal of the rate war from Balti more to the South is or.ly a question of a short time unless the management of tbe Seaboard Air Line system and the Southern Railway adjust the differences that exist be tween them, is generally believed in Balti more. When President Hoffman, of the Seaboard company, was questioned In refer ence to the prespective renewal of hostilities, he would not commit nimseir. u iniima. ted. however, that the Seaboard wculd begin Blashinc rates again if the Southern persisted in its nresent nolicv toward the Seaboard: ibat is, denying the latter through passenger service between Kew xorn ana jNew unoaus. and running the line of steamers between Baltimore and Norfolk in opposition to we Bav Lino, which is owned by the Seaboard Air Line. I bav not outlined any policy as yet,' said Mr. Hoffman. "I was in hopes that when the negotiations for the transfer ot the control of the property to the New York peo ple fell through, the soutnern wouia De win. ing to withdraw its objections to what are un doubtedlv our riizhts and restore narmony. If it does that, of course we will be satisfied and tbe rate war averted, but if it ignores our claims, as it has done, the responsibility must be u ion the snouiaers oi me oouiuera Railwav Company and not upon the Sea. hoard Air T.inesvrtem. The Seaboard will insist udod fair treatment and it it is denied, we will take steps to enforce our rights. It is premature, however, to talk of another rate war. Fcr the present I will take no ac tion." Proposed Only Twice. Beethoven never married. But It was from no defect of sensibility that the tribulations which were distrib uted amonsr many successive house keepers were not heaped upon tbe de' voted head of a wife. If love be a dis ease, Beethoven wras always ill, or at best but convalescent. No less than forty ladies, save four, has he Immor talized by hi. i dedications to them. To Bettina von Arnlm Goethe's Bettlna for whom he long cherished a hope less passion, he once said, after trying over a composition which he has Just at for you; you in- written, "I made that BDired me with it. I saw it written In your eyes;" and this is but a specimen of the gallantries to which he was ad dicted. Twice at least te proposed on one occasion to a lady who, as he found to his mortification was already the fiancee of his friend Hummel. That marriage would have saved mm from a good many worries, is certain enough; for It must be allowed that, as Emil Naumann delicately puts It, he "did not possess any aptitude for household management. Blackwood's Magazine. REPUBLICAN PURPOSES y,ijjjnU,i.Lri4.ij.i.u.Li.u.vfjj,iAati'.M t't 1 " u .,..i..;,..ltv.l,i; ..j,1,;, ".'ui ron stokixo rnurr. The apple harvest brings up the sub ject of the proper disposal ot the fruit when gathered from the trees. The apple crop will be large in many sec tions of the country this year," and prices will be likely to rule low for the first part of tbe-winter, at least. Much fruit will undoubtedly be stored in the hope of a better price later on. It is important, therefore, to adopt 6uch a plan of storage as will keep tbe apples eound and plump, and in pos session of the be&t possible flavor. A cellar just moist enough to keep the IDEAL APPLE THAIS.. fruit from evaporating any of its own juices, and capable of being held at a low temperature just above the chill ing point is an almost ideal place for the storing of apple?. 13 at tbe loca tion is not all. Large quantities should not be heaped together, nor should apples be kept in barrels, bins cr boxes where the air cannot circulate freely through them. Any tendency toward decay is 6ure to be augmented under such circumstances. The accompanying illustration is presented na affording an economical and exceedingly practi cal method of storing frnit. Trays with slat bottoms, each three feet equare, are supported, one above an other, upon brackets that are nailed to pieces of upright studding. A suc cession of this studding with brackets can extend along the whole side of tho cellar, or upon two sides, if desired. The trays can be madeas deep as de sired, and the frnit can be heaped up a little. In this way but a small quan tity of fruit is kept in a mass, and the air can circulate about each and every apple. Each tray can bo removed to a table if it is desired to look the fruit over for the detection of incipient de- cay,or when getting ready to pack for mar net. sucn trays win last lor a score of years, and can easily be made ia the home workshop on rainy days. New York Tribune. SWEET POTATOES. In this 1 include, says J. M. Rice, of Oklahoma, the sugary, juicy varie ties grown in tne ooutn, which, are perhaps more properly, designated yams, and I shall more especially refer to the methods of raising in the drier Southwest. The people of the North have an ob jection, or, perhaps, as with myself, it was only a prejudice, against the 6Ugary, juicy varieties. For myself and family, after becoming accustamed to them, we very much prefer them, but this is, of course, a matter of taste, for both are good. Our plan for a dry countrv is to have the ground deeply plowed in the winter, and then, alter a rain and be fore planting time, to throw four fur rows together, but aiming to overturn all the soil, eo it is in width but three furrows of our fourteen or sixteen inch plows. These are gone over with hoe and rake, leveling the top a little and smoothing tne sides. A light ram is preferred planting time, but we do not always wait for it. The roots of the plants being well dampened, they are firmly set in the firm, loose soil, and a little basin, holding a half-pint, left around eacn plant. Yater is poured in, filling the basin, and wheu soaked away dry soil is drawn around the plants. A little surface hand cul tivation is given, then such cultivu tion with tho horse cultivator, between the ridges as is needed, and plowing once with a stirring plow, throwing the sides of the ridges to the centre, then back again. Jtor part of our ground we thus last year filled the trenches with damp, cbafly ttraw, tramping it in well, and, while all were good, those from tbe mulched ground were a little more even in size, showing that the dry spells had not affected the growth of a part. Plants with heavy foliage and large roots do best in a dry climate, so the large sweet potatoes or yams succeed best here. THE CnOCCS AS A LAWS FLOWER. rrettv in any place, tne crocus is particularly attractive grown in the lawn, when they do not appear as having been planted tbero but as just ! hunnAnino in prime rin Vv rhftTifp. Of : cour3eitwonldbeuseleEStoplantcrocus m ft awn thafc ig cut earl ith a (awn mower ; but farmers yards are not generally kept in this way, ours i6n't,-and it is a splendid place on the south Fide of the house for these very early and cheery blossoms. Tbe grass being lei t undisturbed until the usual I time to make hay, the crocuses have a ! chance to crow their leaves and riocn i lhe bulbs, so they go oa and do well . jor many jearp. These bulbs can be planted any time in the fall before the ground is frozen ' bard, but the earlier this work is done ' tue better, as then the bulbs have a '"'"I1- " . II I I . I M chance to grow somo rools before be ing frozen in for the winter. Putting" them direcrly under the cod, us is of ten advised, I havo never found very successful. I prefer to cut small hole into the turf with a sharp trowel, n little larger than the crocus bulb and about three inches deep, put in to) bulb and fill up tbe hole with tomJ' good garden soil. Sometimes a big ger place is made and several bulbs set out, leaving a little epaco betweeu each bulb, but the single planting i beft usually, I think. A wcll-growm bulb will have e:gUt or ten blosEoma aud make a fins bit of color in the grass just beginning to grow green. When tbe dead grass is very Jon,' in the spring, the crocuses will show to better advantage, if much of the brown grass is pulled off, taking pains not to tread on the points of the crocuscn coming up. Alio next spring cner planting, the little holes made iu the grafs will show somewhat but very' soon fill up, tbey look bigger than tbey are, in the winter. If tbe lawn is kept nicely mowu, crocuses ct out as described will bloom well the first spring after planting, but very spar ingly after that. . Cutting oil th9. green leaves injures them; tbey are. however, well worth putting out each, year. American Agriculturist. ... t rXETIXlZEItS. ! t The greatest saving on tho farm is' in the ability to buy fertilizers that are best adapted to tho soil. No two farms are alike, and for that reason no formula can be placed beforo farmers that will provo Fatisfactory to all. As the majority o! farmer know but little of chemistry, it is dif ficult to explain the action of chemi cals in the coils, and their relation to the growth of plants. It lias b:eu but a short period sinco tho discovery, was mado that tho changes iu tho toil were duo to tho work of billions of' bacteria, and that they are of various kinds, operating under certain con ditions which best conducted to their efficiency as natural agents for con verting the inert substanoo contained' in the soils into plant food;, and thai their work is best performed under the influences of sunlight, air and moisture, according to tbe work to ba performed and the kind of plant food which they naturally provide. Every year the farmers are brought in con tact with new theories which upECt the old, and which they must consider. knowledge proving of mcalcu'ablo ad vantage in enabling them to u?o fer tilizers judiciously, and to secure tho best results ut the lowest cost. Experiments show that fertilizers abounding in nitrogen promote tha growth of plants which havo abundant and large foliage, giving that intensel green tinge so noticeable in thrifty and healthy plants, but nitrogen must be reinforced by a proportionate sup-: ply of potash in tho soil. Fruits and plants which produce seeds in abun dance requiro moro phosphoria acid than that of potash, while root crops, such as turnip", potatoes, beets, car rots and parsnips are benefited by potash. It is important, however, for the farmer to know something of his soil, as it may contain an ample sup ply of potash or phosphoric acid, and in suca cases ne win require more ni-; trogen than mineral matter, All soils which are fertile contain iiabstanccs which the farmer need not procure, aud he can effect a saving by using only such as his soil may require. No nitrogen is needed if the land has been in clover, but the sou will bo benefited by applications of phospho ric acid and potash. The fall is the season when lime can be mo6t profitably used, and in pro portion, its cost it gives better re sults on most farm than any other substance. It should alwiya be used where a crop or cod is turned under, as it not only contains within itfclf an important substanco utilized by plants, but assists in eflcctin; certain chemical changes in tho soil by which plant food is liberated from the bard substances which otherwise could not be rendered soluble. Lima his a ten dency to go downwar Ip, anl In nco it is only necessary to broadcast it on tho surface of tho soil, lt has been acknowledged by scientists and experi menters that where limo has been used and assisted by manure and fertilizers the soil has given satisfactory results with all kinds of crops, duo probably to an alkaline condition of the soil be ing moro favoraplo to tho work of tho bacteria in changing tho fubstances existing in the noil into plant food. In applying fertilizers in tho fall, how ever, the phosphates and potash silt should be used, reserving tbo nitro genous compounds for application ia the spring. -Farmers' Friend. Tat Apples Before Kctlrin j. 'Everybody ought to know that the very best thing no can no is lo eat apples just before going to bed. The apple has remarkably efficacious medicinal properties, lt is an excel lent brain food, because it has moro phosphorio acid in eatily digested bhapo than other fruits. It excites the action of tbe liver, promotes pound and healthy sleep, aud thoroughly disinfects the mouth. It helps tbo kidnev secretions and prevents cal culous growths, while it relieve indi gestion and is one of the bxt preven tives Known for diseases ol tho throat. Xo harm can come to cveu a dclic?a system by tbe eating of ripe and juicy apples before retiring fcr tho night. Bulletin of Fbarmacr.