JAMES H. YOUB'G,..Editor and Proprietor.
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25F Address all communications to The
Gazette, Raleigh, N. C.
RALEIGH, N. C, DECEMBER 19, 1896.
Following our usual custom, we will
not get out any issue of The Gazette
during the week of the Christmas holi
days. We have made our appearance
regularly and promptly for fifty-one
weeks of t'lis year, and we feel that the
staff, the printers, the mailing clerk, and
in fact all except the collecting agents,
have earned and should take a much
needed rest. We will fail to come to you
for one week, and let each of you see
how bad you miss us for that once,
Bright and early on the morning of Jan'
uary 2, 1897, we shall greet each of you
again, in entering upon our journey for
The year just closing was one that was
fraught with much of the weal or woe of
the people of this great State, and we
believe that the result of the political
battle recently fought will prove to be
for the best interest of the entire people.
The Gazette did energetically its hum
' ble part in helping to bring about the
much desired result. Eternal vigilance
being the price of liberty, we beg pardon
for suggesting that the maintenance of
the liberty gained will be equally as hard
a task as the gaining of it was. In this
connection we will be pardoned for say
ing that The Gazette will again be a
potent factor in helping to preserve the
liberty recently won, and its reading by
the public will help it to carry forward
the latest news as to the doings of both
friend and foe.
To the many readers who have during
1896 favored us with renewals and sub
scriptions, as well as kind words and
sympathy, we return our grateful thanks,
and we shall strive in the future, as we
have in the past, to meet their approval
and win their esteem and confideuce.
We are striving, in our humble way, as
beet we can to edit a journal actually de
voted to the best interest of our entire
By excepting our collecting agents, we
mean that they will call upon you dur
ing the Christmas week. Prepare to
May the God of Peace guide you in
all things, and may the lines be cast in
pleasant places for each of you. We
extend to each of you our sincerest wish
that you may each spend a pleasant
Cbristmas.and enter upon a joyous.happy
and prosperous New Year !
In bidding you adieu for 1896, we beg
to again thank you for all you have done
for us during the time named, and hope
to receive a continuance of your favor in
May Heaven's choicest blessings attend
each one of you, is the wish of The Ga
zette. RECORDS OF CRIME.
Attorney General Osborne's report
shows that 17,079 criminal actions were
dispopad of in the courts during the two
years ending June 30th last, an increase
over the preceding two years of 2,542.
Of the persons tried 9,125 were white,
7,918 colored and 25 Indians. Of these,
15,693 were males and 1,386 females.
The . number of convictions, including
submissions, were 11,258, and 2,822 were
acquitted. Nolpros. was entered in 2,929
cases, and 70 were dismissed. The char
acter of offences were as follows: 82
murder in the first degree, 76 in the sec
ond degree; 28 rape, 59 assault with in
tent to rape; 47 arson; 14 burglary in the
first degree, 51 in the second degree; 33
manslaughter; 56 house-breaking; 99 for
gery; 2,886 larceny; 13,648 other crimes
and misdemeanors. Not a single execu
tion was reported during the two years,
and this is very remarkable. There were
two lynchings James F. Bergerson
(white) in Beaufort County, charged with
murder, and Robert Chambers (colored)
in Mitchell County, chargedVith chloro
forming and attempting to rape a white
woman. George Reaves (white) of Ashe
County, charged with murderous assault,
was rescued by a mob of his friends and
has never been recaptured. There were
101 escapes, 33 more than during the two
years previous. There were 43 less cases
of murder in the first degree than dur
ing the two years previous, but in all
other crimes enumerated there was an
increase. The report shows that for the
two years ending in 1892 there were only
13,271 criminal actions, and for the next
two years 14,537.
m m m
"THE SUN DO MOYE."
On Tuesday, December 1st, Mr. N. B.
Broughtcn, the defeated Democratic leg
islative candidate, was closeted with our
two colored lawyers, Ed. Johnson and
Dave Lane, at their office for some time;
and on Thursday, December 3rd, colored
lawyer Dave Lane called upon Demo
cratic la vvy er Wesley Jones, who is known
as one of Broughton's attorneys, and held
a consultation for quite a while. On the
following Friday afternoon at a late hour
Mr. Broughton nerved notice of contest
upon James H. Young, who had defeated
him before the people. On Tuesday of
this week lawyers Wesley Jones and Dave
Lane were in consultation with said
Broughton at the office of said Jones.
We want it distinctly understood that we
do not object to any of these meetings
and consultations, but we rather rejoice
to know that men of our race have be
come so well versed in the law as to be
employed as atrorneys by a Democratic
chnd date whose friends have made a
gnat fucs because white men voted for a
negro against that identical candidate.
In the words of Rev. John Jasper, of
Richmond, we are led to exclaim that
"the sun do move." Let us after this
hear no more of white men being abused
and ostracised tor voting for Jim Young
Washington, D. C.,Dec. 14, '96.
The Democratic scheme to defeat Sen
ator Pritchard's re-election is a charac
teristic piece cf Democratic effrontiey.
The Democratic Committee here has
taken the matter in hand and the Chair
man of the Committee is very confident
of the election of a half-breed, free-trade
Democrat. No Populist can vote for
Pritchard, say these Democratic manip
ulators, unless he has. been bribed -by
Hanna, and upon this assumption theory '
of "Stop thief!" has been raised in the
State to influence Populist sentiment
against Senator Pritchard. Personal ap
peals, it is said, have been made to the
Populist members-elect of the Legisla
ture warning them that every Populist
who hesitates to declare his opposition to
Pritchard's re-election will subject him
self to suspicion. The story that Hanna
will send a bribery fund to the State is a
Democratic lie. It is so understood by
Populists, and accepting their own state
ment in that behalf as conclusive, it will
not influence a single Populist vote in the
Senatorial election. Another preposter
ous combination scheme to defeat Pritch
ard is the ready acquiescence of the anti
Pritchard combination to elect a silver
Republican. An influential Populist
member of the Legislature, wrtiing of
this phase of the contesst, says:
"If Piitchardis not a silver Republi
can, there is not a Republican in the State
who can fill that reouirement, . and if
Pritchard cannot be elected no other Re
publican in the State is a possibility. I
consider neither Dr. Mott nor Col. Dock-
ery, whose names are being pressed, sil
ver Republicans. The former is an inde
pendent silver man who voted for Rus
sell on personal grounds, and Dockery is
a Populist. As a Populist, I believe in
the free coinage of silver, and if silver
should be the only consideration in the
election of Senator Pritchard s successor,
I shall not hesitate to vote for Senator
Pritchard. I recognize certain political
obligations incident to the Senatorial
election in 1894, and I am not ready to
repudiate them. In taking this position
I am sustained by the Populists in this
county and district."
And it may be said that this statement
from an Eastern .Populist is not me only
one of the same sort that has been re
cently communicated to Senator Pritch
ard. The tricksters, whose business just
now is to frighten the Populists with the
baseless cry of H anna's corruption money,
will soon be without occupation.
why should senator pritchard be
It is not because his record on the sil
ver question is not consistent. His pub
lic record is unassailable. He has sup
ported silver at every opportunity in the
proceedings on that question in the Sen
ate. He has kept faith with the people
who elected him to the Senate. He has
not been remiss or indifferent in his alle
giance to silver and has done all that the
most zealous silver advocate could do,
short of abandoning the Republican or
ganization. So it is not his silver record
that demands his defeat. The tariff will
be the issue in the next Senate, and the
Southern free-trade Democrats fear
Pritchard's unanswerable arguments in
the coming great tariff debate. That is
the confessed secret of the present Dem
ocratic opposition to his re-election. On
the tariff issue the Democratic factions
can unite. It is the one hope of realign
ment and the only shadow of a hope of
escape from -complete party disintegra
tion. The most blatant free-trade South
ern Democrats who were loud in their
professions for silver during the cam
paign, since their return to Washington
privately boast that the silver agitation
is dead and they are not a bit sorry. The
fight henceforth is on the tariff, and if
Senator Pritchard is defeated the free
trade Democracy will re-organize the
Senate, obstruct all tariff revision and
strike a fatal blow to the great industrial
interests of the South. From all advices
received here, the situation warrants the
confident assertion - that the Populist
party in North Carolina will not contrib
ute to this national calamity through
Democratic ascendency in the next Sen
After Dr. Curry In Richmond.
The following is from the Richmond
Dispatch of yesterday:
"'In Saturday's issue you published an
article headed. 4 Dr. Curry on the Flag,'
in which the Doctor is quoted as saying,
4 What has the United States Government
done for the public schools in North Caro
lina to demand that the flag should hang
over them; it never gave a cent to North
44 4 He also refers to the people of the
South as 4 enemies ' of the colored race.
Was the Doctor indulging in sarcasm, cr
was he, in fact, endeavoring to show the
sentiments of the Southern people?
44 4 Has the government ever demanded
that the flag should hang (I would prefer
the word 4 float' or 4 wave') over any
other building than those owned by it?
And further: Is Dr. Curry to be under
stood to mean that we should show re
spect, devotion, and loyalty to the flag in
proportion to the amount of revenue we
derive from the government Treasury ? I
would like to know. 44 READER."
44 We feel sure that Dr. Curry was not
properly reported in the telegraphic dis
patch in question."
The Dispatch of the day before took
occasion to endorse Dr. Curry's remarks
as follows: 44 Dr, J. M. Curry is a re
markably clear-headed man, and in no
respect more so than as regards the Uni
ted States flag over purely State schools,
and the matter of the suffrage."
Now it seems to doubt that correctness
of the report. Of course we have only to
any that the report first made in this pa
per of the address made here was "prop
erly reported," without regard to any
opinion about the views expressed. The
News and Observer.
The News-Observer Continues to Abuse
Dunn, N. C, Dec. 4. (Special.) It
carries us back to the days of '63 when
we saw, yesterday, in the town of Lil
lington, a white man on trial before a
a coal-black negro magistrate. News and
Now isn't it just as legal and fair for
the white brother, when he violates the
law, to be tried by a respectable, decent
and competent negro magistrate, as it is
for a negro, when he violates the law, to
be tried before a white magistrate? The
negroes are free American citizens as
much as any body. This country is their's
as much as it is anybody's. A great
number of us are just as capable to per
form the duties of this State and the gov
ernment as anyone of our white brothers.
The laws of this country gives the 'negro
the rights of free American citizenship,
the right to hold office and why do you
keep on abusing them?.
"More Russellism." It is very small
and unfair in any Democrat or Demo
cratic newspaper to pretend and insinu
ate that Russell is to blame for the elec
tion of colored magistrates, when they
ought to have sense enough to know that
a majority of the people of each town
ship in the state elects their own magis
trates and not Judge Russell.
We are not in favor of the election or
appointment of incompetent men for of
fice, let them be white or black. In the
above case the writer did not seem to
have any charge against the negro mag
istrate at Lillington except that he is " a
The writer failed to state that this ne
gro' magistrate was not a gentlemsn, or
that he is incompetent. We advise the
author of the clipping above, that if he
wants to avoid being tried by a negro
magistrate not to violate the law. See?
W. S. M.
FaTors Col. James E. Boyd.
Greensboro, N. C, Nov. 30, 1896. -Dear
Mr. Editor: I don't often write
anything for publication. I should not ask
for space in yourpapernow but for a mat
ter which seems to me to be 01 consider
able importance to the people of the
State of North Carolina.
It has been, charged, and not without
apparent "reason, that the Republican
party never considers the South when it
comes to distribute its high honors. Such
should not be chargeable to any national
party, least of all the great Republican
Perhaps one reason why the South has
never received more at the hands of the
party, is" because the leaders of the party
in the various Southern States never act
with sufficient union and aggressiveness.
' It seems hard for them to single out a
man and push him for any highly honor
able position with that harmony of ac
tion and earnestness of purpose to im
press any Republican administration with
the special fitness of any particular man,
or the justice of his or their claims. This
evil could be easily remedied.
Now, as to,North Carolina, she seems
to be in a position to fare handsomely at
the hands of the administration-elect if
she is not to be barred by some such cir
cumstances as seen in the foregoing.
Why should North Carolina not have a
cabinet position this time? There seems
to be no good reason why she should not.
She is fortunate in having several dis
tinguished men, who would till such a po
sition with much credit.
And amongst these there teems to be
none better fitted than Greensboro's most
eminent citizen. Col. James E. Boyd. I
have neither the time nor the dieposi
tion to eloeize Col. Bovd here now. but
will simolv state that with my limited
knowledge of public men, it la my hum
ble opinion that Major McKinley s cabi
net, composed of whoever it may be. will
have no man in 'it more eminently fitted
for the place assigned him than Col. Boyd
would be, to any place the President
elect might call him. The Colonel repre
sents all the best interests of the bouth.
He is orthodox on the finance question
and every essential doctrine of the Re
publican party. He has been one of the
most faithful devotees for almost a quar
ter of a contury, worshiping continually
at her shrine, and at none other.
Besides Col. Boyd's personal relations
with Major McKinley, his originality as
a McKinley man make his chance equal
to the best.
And we believe with the united support
of the party in the State his appointment
would be almost a certainty. 1 am sure
there is no good Republican in the State
who does not believe him worthy of the
fullest support the party can give.
His appointment would not -only give
general satisfactisn to the party in the
State and South, but would meet the en
dorsement of the hosts of his admiring
political opponents as well.
We should be glad to hear from others
with reference to this matter.
J. Elmer Dellinoer, M. D.
Buck Baldwin---He Turns Up In Ral
We give below a little extract from the
Raleigh News and Observer of last Sun
day; 44 That is What a Negro Preacher Gets
for Voting the Democratic Ticket.
44 Rev. Charles C. Baldwin is an honest
and industrious colored man who for
merly lived in Chatham county, but is
now a resident of Raleigh. He has been
a consistent Democrat for many years.
He got on very well until the late elec
tion. Since then he has had to bear much
social ostracism from his own race be
cause of his politics. He had employment
to cut wood and do other work for ne
groes. Since the election they have re
fused to give him work and have made
his life as uncomfortable as possible. The
old man is a quiet citizen, conducts him
self well, preaches the gospel when not
otherwise employed, and has the confi
dence of all who know him. It is a ehame
that he should thus b9 ostracised and the
bread denied him because of his position
Well, Bro. Daniels, we really did not
know what had become of the Rev. C, C.
Baldwin had not heard of him since he
skipped from this county on account of
some charges in regard to corn and pota
toes that were missed near Brown's
We imagine that Solicitor W. P. By
num, Jr., will be very glad that you have
You will doubtless have an opportunity
to show your grateful appreciation of this
old colored man's services by going into
the conrts to testify as to his good " hon
est" character. .
Rev. C. C. Baldwin, sometimes called
"Buck" Baldwin, was right widely known
in Chatham. Two years ago he made a
speech here in the France-Farrell-Kelly-
Mitchell republican meeting in which he
strongly avowed that he was a republi
can. We see the News and Observer says,
44 He has been a consistent democrat for
many years." Well, Bro. Daniels, popu
lists and republicans have been saying
that that meeting and ticket was a demo
cratic affair and they also know that after
this speech democrats hauled him around
the campaign. You may be right in that,
though we are not sure that we fully
comprehend the meaning of a 44 consist
Some time after the election this Rev.
C. C. Baldwin got into trouble about the
charges preferred against him; spent
some time looking for a physiciaa to ex
amine him he said his head was wrong
and he wanted a doctor to examine him
and see if he was responsible for what he
had done and finally he left us, and
Bro. Daniels has found him t
Well, Bro. Daniels, you came from
Washington to save the state and failing
in that, in order to redeem yourself, you
are now trying to save Rev. Buck Bald
win, are you? Bravo, Josephus !
If you cannot succeed in the great mat
ter of saving the state, who knows but
that you may succeed in the small mat
ter of saving Rev. Buck Baldwin from
"social ostracism?" Chatham Citizen.
Another Out of the Way.
Whitakers, N. C, Nov. 27th.
Mr. Editor: Please allow me space in
your valuable paper to relate the mar
riage of our first cousins in a few words:
The marriage of Mr. Samuel Jenkins
to Miss John Anna Ransom (both of this
place, the latter formerly of Warrenton)
took place Wednesday night, November
25th, tin the store-room of Pev. Peter
Brown's residence. Mr. Brown in the
usual form, declared the couple man and
wife. We wish for them an abundant
success through life. The wife is to leave
in a few days for Northampton County.
Poor husband ! What are you going to
do? Prepare for the wife, or will Bhe
prepare for the husband? We trust the
parents of the bridegroom will soon be
come satisfied and make no complaint.
People cannot at all times have things
to work as they would have them. My
advice to the young men and ladies is, be
sure you are right before you begin to
tread the soil of a lifetime journey. We
should first see our way as it begins to
light up, and then may we ask mama or
papa to give us their daughter ! There
should not be a young man so cruel as to
take the daughter of any father or mother
unless he saw some way he could make
her enjoyments greater. Nor should any
young lady follow any young man with
out having these facts in view. Let
every young man remember the man
who walks the rope across the Niagra is
timid, compared with the man who tries
to walk tha"hair" between right and
wrong. Very respectfully yours,
J. w. Watson.
44 Some murmur when their sky is clear.
And wholly bright to view,
If one small speck of cloud appear
In their great heaven of blue ;
And some with thankful love are filled,
If but one streak of light !
One ray of God's great mercy gild
The darkness of their night." . . ... ,
The A. M. E. Zion Conference "is in
session at Wilson , ere we reach the press.
We hear of preachers becoming elated
with their entertainment. This is the
home of the courtly Vick, the dignified
Winstead, the amiable and refined Miss
Ada G. Battle. It's no surprise I
Two petitions went before Judge W.
S. O'B. Robinson asking the appointment
of two additional commissioners repre
senting the Democratic party. While we
have naught to say of those who failed,
the teachers have every reason to rejoice
at the appointment of Thos. H. Gitlm.
He, with Superintendent Wilkinson, put
the educational machinery in motion
eleven years ago, and the plans laid down
by him in 1885, have been followed
strictly since. We feel that for four
more yeais the friends of education will
be in the saddle. Our miszivmgs are
gone. The need of the hour is unrlinch
ing friends of a high-toned common
school sv8tem. Every teacher who is
truly consecrated to the work of making
the world better Dy naving uvea in it,
should "about face," and labor for super
vision of our public schools. 1 he are a
bulwark to our public institutions.
What man will be so small as to remain
mute because he may not have a place
in our State schools, and see a vicious
hand despoil what is best in our eiuca
tional fabric the State Normals.
Eastern Carolina is white with snow.
Mrs. Olivia E. Austin passed a creditable
examination before bupt. Wilainson Jast
week. St. Augustine does good founda
tion work. She was for years a pupil of
that school, and pupil-teacher place held
by the accomplished Miss Bridgers.
It is time that apparently smrat men,
who are advancing up the ladder of fame.
as they think, had learned that one can
dig his own pit don't create dissensions
in a purely Christian society, doing char
itable work among the poor of Tarboro.
The Humble Workers Circle of King's
Daughters will move on, ad ministering to
the wants of the poor sick of the com
The way to elevate politics is to do
everywhere like they do in Wilmington,
appoint men to positions who are doing
something, and are not waiting for some
thing to turn up. No "loafers" wanted
under the McKinley administration. No
man who has ever run as an independent
candidate for the Legislature against the
party s choice, need apply at the pie-
counter in this year of McKinley, Russell
and White with a whoop for Jetr U
Pritchard, the next United States Sena
Several white candidates for the Rocky
Hon. J. C. Dancey was called home
from th9 Virginia Conference to the bed
side of his wife.
In a previous issue we named the "big
four." its not that, but "hve. Hon. John
H. Hannon, of Halifax, is in the gang.
Ides a winner 11 there is anything in
nobleness of a grateful heart. 4 "Adieu
Well, the election is overl The victory
goes to one party and defeat to another.
The men who were heard on the hustings
for the last three months will be he.ird
no more for four years. And the meu
who are every day making honorable
race history will be heard, while the
patriots after pie will march on to Ral
eigh and Washington to get his slice,
But the masses, oh, the masses Well
better not say, unless Prof. Hunter, of
Raleigh, or Prof. Pearson, of Durham,
can tell us.
Mr. B. S. Stephsns, Secretary of the
Grand Lodge of Masons, passed through
MondaA", en route for Edenton. W. W.
Watson, of Whitaker's, Senator Pers m,
of Rocky Mount, L. L. Battle and Mr. W.
R. Harrison were on deckiMonday.
Prof. Logan D. Howell is continually
adping laurel 1 1 an already distinguished
reputation as a .North Carolina educator.
The observance of Thanksgiving Day by
the Raleigh Graded Schools speak for.
themselves, as an advanced "step along
prozresaive lines, that angels apnlanded
We congratulate Profs. Hunter, Capehart
and Bunch, as well as Raleigh teachers
in having the young "Prince of North
Carolina educators" as vour leader. Many
district teachers in this section shall ex
pect Prof. Howell to throw himself in the
right for the public schools of North Car
olina. Increased taxation for the schools
and first-class county eupervision.
Hon. James II Young passed througl:
the "Boro" en route for Edenton, to at
tend the Grand Lodore of Masons. We
were glad to greet this most popular of
North Carolina's political leaders. Col
lector Young would sound nice. But, oh
the Raleigh postoffice has charms for
resident J . a. Dudley, 01 the A. and
M. College, of Greensboro, Messrs. L. D,
Kenneday, Elijah Lane, Henry Green
Toomer Dixon and Hon. John T. H jwe
of Wilmington, were welcome visitors to
The hustling A. R. Middleton, Esq
who like hi3 friend Young, is a member
of all the fraternities, passed through and
met J. W. Lloyd, his evil genious, who is
also a candidate tor Assistant Doorkeeper
of the Mouse of Representatives, ihi
writer would advise John to keep an eye
New Hanover is to be congratulated in
sending to the General Assembly tuch a
scholarly Representative as John T.
Howe, who is a member of one of the
best families of the race in the State.
A great crowd was in town on Monday
to witness the filing of bonds by the
recently-elected county officers.
The election of Thomas H. Gatlin, Esq.,
for chairman of the Board of County
Commissioners, was a deserved compli
ment to a deserving gentleman. He is
the soul of honor. While the white and
colored teachers alike regret losing Sam
uel S. Nash, they feel that Gatlin is a
sentinel on guard and the educational in
terests are safe.
The Humble Workers Circle of King's,
of Tarboro, at the residence of Mrs.
Chanie Lawrence, elected Mies Portila P.
Newton of the graded Echool, secretary,
ia place of Mrs. J. C. Jones.
At a special entertainmentcompliment
ary to Mrs. Smith, of New York, a cousin
of the venerable George C. Caine, toasts
were given. Mrs. Smith delivered an en
trancing address, and was responded to
by Mrs. R. J. Simmonson and Mrs. C. M.
Epps. Mrs. Simmonson, naturally gifted
with speech, -responded happily to Mrs.
Smith. The Circle was pleased to greet
Mrs. Cherry, the mother-in-law of Con
gressman White, in this meeting. Mrs.
Francis Savage is regarded as a King's
Daughter in fact.
Mr. Elijah Lane pretends that he is a
young man on his first Irgs. Ohl not so.
We know the courting old fox!
N. C. Conference.
Editor The Gazette:
The recent session of tr e North Caro
lina Conference of the A. M. E. Church,
which was held in Newbern, was in many
respects a most enjoyable gathering
It was the first meeting of that body in
the present quadrennium, and was pre
sided over by Bishop James A. Handy,
D. D., the new chief pastor of the Second
Episcopal District, which embraces Mary
land, the District of Columbia, Virginia
and North Carolina.
Bishop Handy stamped the impress of
his genious as an able prelate upon all
who came under the influence which
emmated from him. He inaugurated a
grand policy for this quadrennium, which
has aroused the brethren to activity along
all lines for the advancement of the
church, and which bids fair to produce
grand results, morally, Jreligioualy and
He duly impressed upon the ministry
the importance of improvement in their
financial reports for . the benefit of the
general church, but he did not fail to
emphasize the greater importance of the
salvation 01 souls.
Each preacher was profoundly inspired
by the timely words of advice and godly
counsel that fell from the lips of the
Bishop, and returned to the various fields
of labor, as it were, bound in the spirit
with a new determination to work with
with more zeal than ever to capture souls
for Jesus and build up the Church of God.
lhe proverbial hospitality of the citi
zens of JNewbern was sustained to its
usual high mark, in entertaining the Con
ference. Bit-hop Handy was moat royal
ly entertained by Rt. Rev. C. C. Petty
and his amiable wife; and Dr. E. J.
Gregg, of St. Stephen's Church, of Wil
mington, was likewise entertained by Dr.
R. S. Rives and his good lad v. The
broad-hearted, wide awake and thorough
going business man of Newbern, Frof.
Isaac II. Smith, who entertained the
whole Conference at a errand banquet on
the closing night, comes in for bd cial
mention for his generosity and effort to
crown the hospitality of the people of
Newbern in a most signal manner.
lhe banquet under the management of
Prof. Smith, as Most Illustrious Soverign
Grand Master of Ceremonies, was all that
could be desired from an intellectual
standpoint, as well as otherwise; the
spefr chesfthat were made on the occasion
being e perfect "feast of reason and now
The professor is a candidate for Rec
order of Deeds of the District of Colum
bia, and all present signed a petition in
his favor for the said position under the
forthcoming administration, and bade
him Gcd e peed.
The twenty-eighth session of the North
Carolina Conference in Newbern, will
not be soon forgotten. D.
Apex Normal and Collegiate Institute.
Apex, N. C, Nov. 27, 1896.
Dear Editor: It has been quite a while
since we voiced a word through your
columns. Even now, before we speak of
our own concern, allow us to congratu
late you for a brave battle fought and a
glorious victory won, especially eo for us
negroes. It has been said that thou art
a Moses, but we say that thy name shall
be no longer Moses, but Joshua, because
thou has not only led the children into
the wilderness but hath led them victo
rious across the Jordan and the strong
fortifications of the common enemy, the
Democratic party, Lave fallen before
thee. Therefore, be thou henceforth and
forever, known as the Joshua of North
You know some of the children wan
dered and were bitten by the serpents,
but they are dead.
The Apex Normal and Collegiate Insti
tute is progressing. We have forty-six
pupils in attendance; four counties are
represented. Fifteen young ladies and
one gentleman constitute the music class,
which is so amiably and skilfully taught
by Mrs. F. R. Howell. We are satisfied
that this school is properly located, and
is destined to reflect credit upon its
founders and a blessing to the race. Our
present, needs are :
1st. Five hundred and fifty dollars to
pay the indebtedness and complete our
2d. A dormitory for the young ladies.
3d. The co-operation of the leaders of
To obtain these three essentials Rev.F.
R. Howell, pastor of the Blount Street
Baptist Church, Raleigh, N. C, has been
appointed traveling and soliciting agent
by the Board of Trustees. We need not
comment upon the integrity and ability
of this gentleman;- he is well known
throughout the State. Therefore, all per
sons who desire to help better the condi
tion of the race. we. most kindly pnt.rf
to deposit something in the hands of this
worthy brother for Our institution.
W. H. Morris, Prin.
Franklinton, N. C,
December 7, 1896.
Hie Gazette Pub. Co., Raleigh, N. C.
Dear Sirs and Brothers: We, the
Grand United Order of O. F., will have,
on the 20th day of this month, a grand
united rally for interest of the young
lodge, and Brother J. H. Young, you
are truly invited us a worthy brother to
come and participate with the many
friends of the Grand United Order of O.
F. We hope, Brother Young, you may
put this in the Gazette for us and don't
fail to come yourself, as one word from a
worthy brother, like you is meat and
grace to the many thirsty souls. Brother
Young, a kind word in time of distress
often gains many friends. Now, let me
speak one word to the Gazette. Now,
reader, if there is any one newspaper
that should be appreciated it is the Ga
zette; it's said, let good enough alone, so
ia the mean time, don't forget and take
some other newspaper for if you do, if
there is where you'd make the mistake.
The bestis cheapest. So when you are look
ing for the best newspaper to read simply
drop Bro. VV. S. Mitchell 50 cts. for three
months for Gazette, or 75 cents for six
months, or $1.50 for one year, which
length of time, the many things you
often hear others speak of you. can bear
testimony. Just tell everybody that a
friend in need is a friend in deed so go
for your be6t friend first well. Who is
your best friend? Why it's the Gazette. I
don't like my dollar like I do the Ga
zette, for the Gazette don't go back on
me. The Gazette's my Annie, I'm her
Joe, so I'm a subscriber, never to part
little Gazette is my sweetheart.
Yours for Gazette,
G. L. Greene.
Editor Gazette: Please allow me to
say, through the columns of your much
loved and worth paper, that on Sunday,
November 29, the New Providence Bap
tist Church held its dedicatory exercises,
as per appointment. Sunday morning
the Sunday School exercises were con
ducted by Superintendent Jas. Taylor
and Miss Mittie A. Powell. The exer
cises were carried out nicely. At the
conclusion Rev. A. A. Jones made an ex
cellent Sunday echool address.
After an intermission of ten minutes
the congregation reassembled to bear the
dedicatory sermon by Rev. T. O. Fuller.
. Brother Fuller used fox a text Psalm
100:4-5. Rev. Fuller is so well known all
over the State as a noble divine that the
sermon needs no comment. .Suffice it to
say that the eermon was replete with
profound and logical truths and whole
some instruction, and held the audience
spellbound from beginning to end.
After the sermon we went to the sch ol
house where the sisters had the .tables
heavily ladened with good things to eat.
And when we had partaken to our heart's
content we returned to the church and
heard some nice music rendered by the
Juniper Level and Providence choirs.
We were expecting to raise $50, but
owing to the inclemency of the weather
our crowd was cut off, and we raised only
The rally will be continued on second
Sunday, instant, for those who could not
get out on the fifth Sunday. With the
money we have and what we collect
Sunday, we will begin painting the
Respectfully, D. J. Avera,
Shaw, Dec. 8, 1896. . Pastor.
Call on Mr. J. L. Alston, corner of
South and McDowell Sts., for your cheap
groceries, etc. He will treat you right.
The North Carolina Teachers' JEdnca
P. W. MOORE, EDITOR.
The Piedmont section is signally bless
ed with school nnd colleges.
lhe A. and M. College opened under
favorab e conditions, pointing to a good
attendance. The. first day's enrollment
was a hundred per cent, greater than that
of last year. President Dudley bestirred
himself, and the fruit of his efforts are
manifiest. A course in stenography has
been added. It is the intention of the
managers to make the institution just
what it ought to be a complement of
the public schools and a place where the
youth of the race may equip themselves
(specially to meet the demands of the in
Bennett College reports a good attend
ance. President Chavis lets no stone rest
if the turning will increase the useful
ness of that institution. The institution
offers normal, academic,, scientific, class
ical and music courses. Its alumni are
represented in every profession.
Livingstone College opened late, on ac
count ot the Centennial of the A. M. E.
Biidle University, from reports, will
have an increased enrollment. Many stu
dents are expected from Georgia.
The Graded and the Normal schools of
Goldsboro are in a flourishing condition.
The standard of the graded school has
been raised, and the advantages now
afforded are excellent. The faculty of
the graded school consists of Rev. C.
Dillard, Principal; Miss J. A. Amee, As
sistant Principal, and Miss Susie McLa wd,
Mrs. E. E. Smith and Mrs. M. E. Dortch.
Dr. E. E. Smith, Principal of Fayette
ville State Normal, writes as follows: "We
have enrolled to date 131 students from
seven' different counties. This enroll
ment surpasses that of any previous year
at the same time. Our schools are flour
ishing." The public schools of Wilmington are
Onaccountof thejlarge number of first
grade children at the YVilliston school,
another teacher has been appointed. The
new teacher is Miss M. Ellen Noyes, grad
uate of St. Augustine.
Miss Alice Pauline Bennett, a Wilming
ton student, died at Estey Seminary,
Shaw University, November 9, and was
interred in Pine Forest Cemetery, at her
home, November 11.
Rev. P. V. Hazel has cpened a day-and-night
school. He believes in uplifting
the race by means of an educational
Miss Dimmie Dixon, graduate of the
Williston school, has an excellent school
at Greenville Sound.
Miss M. Waddell Howe is holding the
fort at Masonboro school.
Miss C. G. Hawkins will teach at Bruns
Mrs. Jno. Norwood has an excellent
school in Brooklyn.
The James City Fubhc School is under
the management of Mr. C. E. Physic, a
recent graduate of the Llizabeth Jity
State Normal. He is assisted by Miss
Minnie L. Martin (Scotia Seminary), and
Miss Nancy J. Walker.
The public schools of uraven county
opened under favorable prospects.
The High School at JNew lierne is un
der the efficient management of Rev. W.
A. Byrd and Prof. A. W. Wethmgton.
They have a very good school.
Prof. Fonville is Principal of the New
Berne Graded School.
The Kittrell College and Normal Insti
tute opened its tenth academic year, Oc
tober 1, leuo. It was a gala day for this
institution for two reasons especially: In
the first place, the institution was to ex
perience a change from a mere normal to
the higher place of a college, in the sec
ond place, all were quite anxious to see
the new building which is in erection
for the habitation of the young ladies.
These two novel features were matters of
proud interest to students and teachers.
lhe college department opened Its hret
semester October 1, 1896. All have felt
ihe-need of thia department; fur a long
The steady growth of the work has
made it3 addition indispensable. The
hungry minds of the students demanded
something better than a normal diet. As
the results show, the addition was none
too soon, for already two of the college
classes are represented, namely: Fresh
man and Sophomore classes. You will
remember that, on the night of February
7, 1896, the Allen building was destroyed
by fire. This made it necessary for the
young men to give up their home
"Soutbliall to the homeless girls, while
they were roomed here and there in the
smaller buildings on the campus.
You may imagine, then, the delight of
boys and girls, when it was announced
to them upon last Friday, 6th, that the
new Allen Home was ready to welcome
the anxious hearts who were to inhabit
I aoi told, Mr. Editor, that there was
an "Appreciation Act," played on the
night of that happy "Friday. Just what
the nature of that "Appreciation Act
was, Air. Editor, 1 really do not know.
But believe me, it is a fact (?).
The new Allen building is 120 x 100 ft.
It is three stories high. There are Sixteen
rooms on each floor, designed to accom
modate 192 girls. There is also a chapel
hall, 60 x 40, a dining hall of the same
dimensions as the chapel and a basement
for culinary use.
The building is not quite finished. But
it is nevertheless being occupied.
Our teaching force is indeed competent.
It consists of graduates of Wilberforce
University, Hampton, Howard and Lin
coln Universities and the Mission College
at Norfolk, Va.,and an alumnus of our
own Kiit ell Institute.
The number of boarding students Jen
rolledis, 76 with a large proportion of
While the majority of the counties of
this State are represented, we have stu
dents from South Carolina, Virginia and
the Nation's Capital. Added to 1 he force
of teachers, comes Mr. C. G. OKelly, an
accomplished musician and mature scho
lar. With this addition, what more can
we wish, but mcney?
But modestly hid behind these bless
ings, is the renowned figure and personage
of one of the noblest and best of earth's
mortals, Superior John R. Hawkins, the
power and glory of this work. His zeal,
sacrifice and personal activities have
given this great machine its life and im
petus which the world must feel and
know, and in all thishe, in turn,has been
inspired and lifted up by the strong and
fervent love of a toble and godly wife.
And we gratefully acknowledge the
goodness of God, in giving back to her
her health and strength, of which by
sickness she has been deprived since the
2d day of October last.
And with one voice, teacher and stu
dent join in singing:
"Praise God from whom all blessings
Editor Gazette: We have read with
much interest an artitle in a recent num
ber of the Biblical Recorder headed,
"The Distressing Condition of our Pub
lic Schools." We fully agree with the
editor of that paper, that this is the mo:t
important matter now before the people,
and that our public school system ought
to be fundamental to every question to
be considered before lhe forthcoming
Legislature. And that the condition of
the system is alarmingly distressing and
utterly insufficient to the needs of the
Commonwealth, and that reform along
this line is more to be desired and indis
pensable than all other problems now
confronting us. With 35 out of every
100 people more than 10 years old in
North Carolina, who cannot read and
write, and with ei6 districts In which
there were no selves lat year (accord
ing to Superintetlent J. C. Hcarboro's
report), and with m avers ge of $95 ap
propriate for eacachool district not
enough to pay bjal, purchase reading
matter and provide tuch advantages as
are neci ssary for a goyl teacher in our
public pchools how tn audi a condi
tion te remedied? Wenmiisa that there
is a want of public intett in this mat
ter; that ther is an alarming and dia
tresing indilference, locally teclouded
(too frequently) with sheer innoranceaDd
mismanagement of public nchool inter
est. Six hunlre l and sixteen diKricts with
no school in one whole year evidtnee
not only incat able school fcfliceia, but a
want f public sentiment healthy and
vigorous. When the State, through its
representative?, ahall provide ottter
teaching facilities in the preparation of
teachers, training them professionally,
and then increase the public appropria
tions sufficiently, by taxation, o as to
provide a school within each district, to
run from four to six mouths every year,
managtd by competent and capable ofhV
cers, interested thoroughly in the intel
lectual and moral t levation of the chil
dren thereof, thus creating such a healthy
sentiment, locally, for increased taxation
as will te nect s. ary to sustain a good
system of public instruction ev ry where -then
will North Carolina gtt her eyes
open to the fact that her bound It sa re
sources of wealth are not primarily to be
unfolded from the bosom of her diver
sified soil, and varied and prolific forests,
waters and hralthful diuiate, but in the
unfolding and developmnt of the boys
and girls, whot-e patriotism, ingenuity,
skill, loyalty, Christian manhood and
womanhood will be the most precious
gem of wTalth in which the Common
weaith could possibly invest.
A. B. Vincent,
Pres. State Teachers' Association.
Sunset Personally Conducted Tourist
Excursions to California With
out Change of Curs.
Leaving Washington, D. C, Saturday,
November 14, and every Saturday there
after, the Southern Railway (Piedmont
Air-Line) and Sunset Route will operate
Personally Conducted Tourist Excursions
to San Francisco, Cal., without change
of cars, conductors or porters. The
route is through Atlanta, Montgomery,
New Orleans. Houston, Sin Antonio,
New Mexico, Arizona and Southern Cali
fornia. The cars are the very latest pat
tern of Pullman TouriBt Skener, beds
equal to those of any standard sleeper,
lunch, lavatory (private apartment for
ladies) and toilet facilities of the most
approved style. Three and one-halt days
to New Mexico and Arizona, four daya
to Los Angeles end Southern California,
and five days to San Francisco, Portland,
Oregon, through the semi-tropical garden
of the South, ar.d via picturesque Mt.
Shasta iu seven dajs, with only one
change of cars. Tacoma and Seattle,
Washington, the afternoon of the seventh
day. Such service and facilities for trans
continental travel have never before been
offered. The tourist car fare. $8.00 to
San Francisco and intermediate points,
und railroad fare the same as any other
line, effecting h saving of $25.00 to $30.00.
For further information and reservation
inquire cf any Southern Railway agent
or A. J. Poston, General Ageut, 51 1 Penn
sylvania Avenue, Waxhingioa, D. C.
Latta Unsveisity will be cl Bed during
the Christmas holidays for all the session
for the purpose of rebuilding the build
ings that were consumed by lire last May,
and also additional buildings. The Uni
versity is located in the village of Ober
lio, N. C, one and one-half miles wettof
the capitol building in the city. The lo
cation is the very best for a Bchool, being
out of the busy city, but within easy
reach by means of the electric streetcars.
It is enough to say, that there has not
been a single case of serious illness since
the establishment of the school. Each
dormitory is heated by stoves and hearths,
so every neceKsary comfort is secured.
The terms are very teasonable $7 .50 per
month. Those desiring to reduce their
expenses by work will be taken at the
lowest possible rates: young men $6 40
per month; young women $5.40 per
month; day students $1 ptr month. A
small incidental fie will be charged.
The school will reopen on the 7th day
of October, 1897. Our purpose is to make
it one of the largest schools in the South
for the race. Law and Medicine will be
added. The institution is wholly non
eeoiarian in ita religious instruction or
influence. Yet earnest attention will be
given to Bible study, applying its truths
to daily life and conduct, that a thorough
Christian character may be obtained. It
is open to all students of either sex.
None but competent teachers will be em
ployed. For further information, address the
President, Rev. M. L. Latta, D. D.
I will letve for the North and Europe
the latter part of December or the first
of January, and will return time enough
to have buildings completed by the ie
opening of the school. The University
will contain eight buildiDgs.
dec. 56 tn.
TX TILMINOTON. NKWHKItN & NOlt
YX FOLK RAILWAY COMPANY.
IN EFFECT SUNDAY, OCT. 27, IMK.
PA1LY, KXCEPT SUNDAY.
Lv. Wlltn'Kton Mulberry Bt,
Ar. Wilmington M ulterry Ht
Trains 7 and H mitkea eonnectl on with
Atlantlo and North Carolina Kallroad lor
Morebead City anl Itaaurort.
Connection at Newbern with stcamera to
and from Elizabeth City and Noriolk Mon
day, TucBdHy, WedneMilay and Friday.
Kteamer Unn. D. I'urdy tnaken dally trip
between Jackaonvllle and New Klver point.
II. A. WHITINO,
J.'W. MARTEN IK, Uen'l Manager.
ATLANTIC AND NORTH CAROLINA
KAILUOAD TIME TAKLE.
In Effect Hvvvay, November 18, mt.
P. M. P. M.
4 2") 4 m
. 5 fiO 6 58
7 2A 7X1
P. M P. M.
Train couuecU wltli Wilmington & Wei
den train bound North, leaving UoldNboro at
II :H5 a. rn., and with Richmond and Danville
train went, leaving UoMKboro at 2 p. rn.. and
with Wilmington, Newbern and Norfolk
Newbern lor Wilmington and intermediate
Train 8 connects with Richmond and Dan.
vllle trxln, arriving at (Joldnboro & p. rn., and
with Wilmington and Weldon train from thei
M or th ai a: p. m.
Nn. 1 train lin connects with Wll mln1in
Newbern and Norfolk for Wilmington and J
n termeaiate poinia. . u. uiuu,
""""" .. f t M 2 j, i 1 1,1 M
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