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THE WtUCLY GAZETTE.
t;:e weekly gazette. Jl VZZXIT VEVTSTATZB. JAMES H. TOO KG, Edit anlfrcp. If. S. ITCH ELL n4 A. J. ROGERS, GenerwJ Trtrtfiav Aotat. BATZS OT ABTE2CTISIMO. Od scpi&r, one btperUaa.... t 50 On square, one montW ...... 1 00 One square, two months... 3 00 One nquare, three months...... S 50 One square, six months......... 6 00 One squire, one year. 9 00 tJ Liberal contracts mad tor larger adTerthteaenta. LR " RALEIGH, N. C..: SATURDAY, JANUARY 16, 1897- NO. 49. VOL, VIII. jJ3jz-j 1ja jl jl iry ? - ; J A Complete Picture of the Public Affairs of the State. fiECOMMENDS SHORTER HOURS Recommends the Leaso of tho No rt Carolina Railroad Both State Fairs Endorsed, Etc. Tuesday of last week Ilis Excellency, Elias Carr, Governor of North Caro lina, retired from office, his term of four years expiring. His last message "wad submitted to the General Assembly Thursday, and its principal features will be found below. Blinding he Legislature that ths . Governor's duties are executive onty, and that the upholding of the State's credit, her pride and honor and the care of her institutions devolves upon tV5 General Assembly, His Excellency continues: '.the people have intrusted this sa cred work to you. For the first time in twenty years tho interests of the State in all its branches have been delivered into the hands of a different political rarty. The measures which you may deem wise may be opposed to the policy heretofore pursued, and , in making changes I caution you to consider care fully and well such changes as pertain to the institutions of the State, for the Ieople will hold you responsible for the success or failure of such measures, -r-eeling assured that you have the inter est of your State at heart, I submit for yOhr consideration brief observations made from the different reports fur nished me by the State officers." lie refers to the report of tho Secre tary of State, showing that this depart ment has collected and paid into tho -lreaspy-presumably for the biennial period -$120, 980.00, "a sum sufficient to defray the expenses of the Executive -Department more than five times." Ihis source of revenue, it is pointed out. is not a burden upon the citizen. I he special tax bonds cases Baltzer vs. tho State and Baltzer and Taake vs. the State -have been decided, the Su preme Court of the United States sus taining the Supreme Court of North arolina, which had decided in favor of the State. The cases involved $12,297, 000 and the-question of the State's lia bility for the bonds issued by the re construction convention of 18i8 and the legislature which succeeded it is set tied for all time in the State's favor. The Treasurer's report is discussed. The Governor concurs with the Treas urer that the surplus of dividends re ceived on the State's stock in the North Carolina Railroad should not be turned into the general fund, as has been the custom, but be held sacredly, as the law provides, for the payment of inter eat and the establishment of a sinking fund. Approval is also given another suggestion of the Treasurer that the guarantee and security companies do ing business in the State be required to deposit collateral to protect the State and to relinquish their right to move cases to the Federal courts. "Under the act to compromise, com mute and settle the State debt," $3, 360, 700 4 per cent, new bonds have been issued in exchange for the old valid debts of the State. It will require 3223,070 more 4 per cent, bonds to take up the remainder of the old bonds out standing, making the whole possible debt $3,(515,770, bearing 4 per cent, in terest. . The State owns as an invest ment $136,700 of these bonds, and tho board of education $143,250 and also per cent, construction bonds, upon which interest is paid out of the North Carolina Railroad dividends, amounts to $2,720,000." There remains of the direct land tax fund $1,000.64, which is held in trust by the Governor and which will be come the property of tlys State March 2, 1807, unless in the meantime called for. The aggregate value of all the real and personal property of the State re turned for taxation is $257,437,227.99 a decrease in two years of $2,127,222.00. The total amount of all taxes collected in the State last year was $2,570,360.97 a per capita of $1.46, estimating the population at 1,760,000. The white peo ple pay 0G. 34 per cent, of the taxes of the Stata and the colored people 3. 66 per cent. The Governor cordially approves the pension tax and advises that it be in creased. It i3 recommended that some step be taken for supplying the place of a judge becoming bick, insane or other wise disabled. The State Guard is warmly commend ed. It is better equipped and more efficient than ever before. It was called out seven times last year. The Gover nor continues; The appropriation for their support should be sufficient, in addition to what is furnished by the national govern ment, to adequately provide for their necessary equipment, pay the rent of their armories, give them such field instruction as recommended by the Adjutant General, and pay them for their services when in actual service a per diem sufficient at least to 6ecure them from pecuniary loss while on such duty. This is as little as could be asked at your hands. " He advises an increase of the salary of the Adjutant General and that that office bo provided with clerical assis tance. Discussing the report of the Com missioner of Labor Statistics, the Gov ernor recommends the recommenda tions of that officer; 1. That a law be passed limiting the lengh of a working day to 11 hours. 2. That no child under 12 years of age be allowed to work in any building, and those between 12 and 14 only when they have a certificate showing that they have been to school at least three months during the preceding year. 8. The salary of the Commissioner should be increased to $2,000 and that $o,000 be appropriated to prosecute the work. The work of the Railroad Commis sion is warmly endorsed. It has brought in for taxation $14,151,556 of railroad property, has reduced railroad, telegraph and express charges. Rail road tariffs are now lower- in North Carolina than in 90 per cent of the States of the Union. W 1 LAST MESSAGE The Governor makes an elaborate ar gument in support of the lease of the North Carolina Railroad. "I favored the lease of this property," says he, "and it was done by the board of ei rectors with my full concurrence and endorsed by the stockholders without a dissenting voice. I believed and still believe that it is the best thing that could have been done by the State, and the future will determine the wisdom of the transaction. " He adds : 'It may be safely said that there is no other long-term investment in North Caro lina bearing so good a rate of interest as 7 per cent. , and the stock of the North Carolina Railroad is to-day the most valuable stock bearing a fixed and permanent rate of income to be found m the State. " The Governor has en tire confidence that upon a dispassion ate consideration" the lease "will meet with the universal spproval of every im partial citizen. " His Excellency is proud of the report made for the penitentiary by Superin tendent Leazar, and point3 to this re port as a vindication of the policy adopted for the management of. thw in stitution. ' ' The work of the Board of Agriculture is regarded as of "inestimable value. " He commends its economy and appar ently concurs in its recommendation that the tonnage tax on fertilizers be reduced 20 per cent. The experiment station, the museum, the Agricultural and Mechanical College, the farmer's institutes and the subject of immigra tion are all discussed somewhat at length. The State fair and the colored fair are both endorsed. It is shown that North Carolina spends much less, actually and rela tively, for the support of her Univer sity than many other States, and it is urged that this institution be fostered. The great importance of carrying on our educational work is insisted upon and the Governor disagrees wholly with those who make the "startling proposition" that "there is a conflict between the State and the Church in educational work." Improvement in the efficiency of the public schools is noted. Compulsory education is fa vored, and four months' terms of the schools, which, the General Assembly is reminded, is a "continuing man date" of the constitution. An increased school tax levy of 6 per cent, or an in crease cf 64 cents in the poll tax is recommended.' The Governor argues lengthily for compulsory education.. The work of the Geological Survey has been extensive and valuable. Improvement of the public roads i3 suggested. ' 'Over ordinary North Caro lina country roads it coats about as much to transport a ton '60 miles as it does a ton from Iowa to Colorado. Transportation is now the factor in competition, and land must depreciate in value if the roads to it are such that it cannot meet competion. " His Excellency praises highly the management of the insane asylums of the State, and expresses the hope that the heads of these institutions will not be changed. He says, among other things: "Each institution desires especial appropriation to further carry on the noble charitable work undertaken by the State, but under the existing cir cumstances I cannot recommend that all these appropriations be made, but I don't mean to say, gentlemen of the Leg islature, that such appropriations are not needed. To come up to the full measure of our duty would involve large expenditures, and while these in stitutions need guch enlargements, still an increase in taxation would nec essarilly follow, and I do not think it proper now to increase the burden of taxation on the real estate in North Carolina. I commend these reports and urge you to carefully consider if some means cannot be devised by which these institutions could be en larged to still greater usefulness. " Hearty praise is given also to the work of the institution for the "deaf and dumb and the blind. The compulsory education of blind children is recommended. In the following the Governor pro jects upon the Legislature a novel and interesting idea: "While our State institutions have been economically managed, I believe they can yet bo made more so by the application of ordinary business princi ples to their management, by making them mutually assist each other, which would result in a still greater saving to the tax-payer. The penitentiary should raise all vegetables and staple supplies, as well as make all the clothing, shoes and hats for all the institutions; the blind asylum the brooms, harness and chairs, and the deaf-mutes do all the State printing and binding. By ex pending a comparatively small amount in the purchase of a plant the deaf mutes could do all the publio printing and binding for the State and save the tax-payers at least $33,469. 85 per annum and at the same time open up a field of employment for the unfortunate objects of the State's charity. " Recognizing the widespread desire for a juvenile reformatory, the Governor yet doubts the advisability of such an undertaking in the present depleted condition of the State Treasury. The State Hoard is praised for its faithful and unrewarded work. His excellency is satisfied 'that the State spends no money more judicious than the $2,000 it appropriates to the State Board of Health. The revenues from the oyster law have not been sufficient to defray the expenses of protecting our oyster waters. All former oyster legislation has proved ineffective. The Governer thinks that crime is Increasing more rapidly than popula tion. Within the past two years he has granted 126 pardons, 15 commutations and 2 reprieves. Governor Carr thinks the State's best interests will be served by leasing the Atlantic & North Carolina Railroad. He thinks highly of the State Normal and Industrial ychool for Women, and recommends a renewal of its appropria tion of $20,000. It is shown that the publio printing is costing at the rate of $14,892.82 for tho current two years in excess of cost for the two years ended April 1, 1895. The Governor recommends the election of a public printer and that the printing be given out to the lowest bidder under his direction. The message, which is voluminous, exhaustive and creditable in the high est sense, presents a complete picture of the public affairs of the State and closes thus: "The administration of the State government by the Democratic party for the past twenty years is now behind you. It is a grand record of greal achievements for the upbuilding ol this commonwealth and the promotion of the interests of the entire people. With my administration closes the series beginning under the illustrious Vance and continuing through the wise and economic administrations oi Governors Jarvis, Scales, Fowle and Holt. The party retires from the ad ministration of the affairs of the State through thfcV executive and other offi cers, feeling1 that North Carolina has had a series of years of good govern ment, economically1 administered, which challenges comparison. A DEFAULTER SUICIDES. A Baltimore Bank Cashier and Preacher Stole $60,000. Richard D. Cornelius, one of the old est and best known bank cashiers of Baltimore, Md. , has committed suicide. His body was found in Druid Hill park, a few hours after a shortage of $60,000 hail bGonidincer9d'-i'Li6vaccout3--fct Ihe National Farmers' and Planters' Bank. Bank Examiner Marshall Win chester drew the attention of the officers of the bank to some irregularities in the accounts of an out-of-town institu tion. Mr. Cornelius was asked to ex plain the irregularities. He did not at tempt to do so, but abruptly walked off. A closer examination of his accounts disclosed an apparent shortage of $60, 000. When the officers of the bank learned that the cashier had left the building they telephoned detectives to hunt him up. They traced the de faulter to Druid Hill park and thence to the duck pond. There they found his body floating in the water. He had evidently held himself to the bottom of the pond by the weeds that grew there. Mr. Cornelius was about 68 years of age and had been connected with the National Farmers' and Planters' Bank for over forty-two years. He was a close friend of the fate Enoch Pratt, who was president of the bank for al most half a century. In religious cir cles Mr. Cornelius was almost as prom inent as in banking circles. His tragic ending was the sole topic of conversa tion and hundred of his friends refused to believe that he was either a defaulter or suicide. The matter caused more excitement in the banking district than any other event in years. For many years Cornelius has been vgry prominent in Methodism and at the time of his death was a local preacher in the Baltimore Conference, president of the city missionary and church extension society; president of the Emory Groves Association; one of the trustees of the Baltimore Annual Conference, and a member of the Mad ison Avenue Church. The National Farmers' and Planters' Bank is one of the oldest, and is con sidered one or the strongest in the city. It has paid 10 per cent, divi dends for several years, in addition to its surplus given in the bank's report on December 17, 1806, was $600,000. Its capial stock is $800,000. LANDED IX CUBA. - The Dauntless Expedition Safely Disembarked. The Cuban paper El Porvenir, pub lished in New York, received last week the following dispatch from Key West and signed by Emillio Nunez, refer ring to the Dauntless expedition: "Expedition was happily disem barked at Sagua, in combination with Gomez. " By this it is understood that the Dauntless successfully landed her cargo and that the supplies were received by Gomez. The Dauntless took 51 men and the arms and ammunition which the Three Friends left on No Name Key, near Key West, after failing to land them in Cuba. The cargo is said to have con tained 1,184 rifles, 500,000 cartridges, COO machetes, 1,000 pounds of dyna mite, medicines, supplies, etc. Sagua, where tht expedition was landed, is an important towu of Santa Clara province and is on the north coast. The landing was probably made on one of the beaches west of the port, which is protected by one or more Spanish gunboats. Gomez was last reported a few miles south of Sagua. Cubans are rejoicing over the re port of a successful landing of an expe dition after the failure of the Three Friends and the sinking of the Com modcro. filters. Prof. Tyndall's Idea, expressed many years ago, that filtration through a plug of cotton wool was a most efficient method of freeing air from mlcroblc germs, led to attempts being made to sterilize water In the same way. Little success has hitherto been attained, but quite recently M. Henri Potevln claims that he has evolved a method of so con structing such filters that he can com pletely sterilize water In large quanti ties. The fibers of the cotton are finely powdered and sifted, and then suspend ed in water and allowed to settle. This they do in compact mass, forming a paste, which, allowed to dry slowly, gives filter plates quite Impervious to germs, etc. The best results are gained by placing the plates between two plates of sandstone or perforated metal, and If they are arranged In a battery, like the filter presses so commonly used In Europe for sewage, sludge, etc., very large quantities of water can be rapidly sterilized. Periodical cleanings are nec essary, as no matter what care Is taken, the rule which holds good In all other filters serving the same end, that the microbes are able to get through the filtering' material eventually by a pro cess of growth, obtains. There Is, how ever, no great difficulty In this, as the cells of the material are easily purified by a fresh pulping in boiling water. Not a Bicycle Enthusiast. He is one of the men who refuse to become enthusiastic over the bicycle. "Have you learned to brake your wheel with your foot yet?" asked his friend. "No," was the reply. "I haven't got ten any further than learning to break my foot with my wheel." Washington Star. WEEKLY NEWS BUDGET. Southern Pencil Pointers. Ex-Senator John J. Ingalls, of Kan sas, is to lecture in Atlanta this month. The foreign demand for Alabama pig iron continues to increase at such a rate that there is still a shortage in ship room. The trade is regarded as perma nent. The chamber of commerce of Macon, Ga-, has appointed delegates to te national monetary convention in In dianapolis. - ? In an attempt to whitecap and lynch L. C. Cooms in Perry county, Ky. , one of the whitecappers was killed by their would-be victim. L. F. Brown and Stephen Maysyck were killed at Otranto, about 15 miles from Charleston, S. C, by John Pop penhiem. i They were in a boat and were assassinated from the shore of the river. Poppenheim surrendered. Senator-f...t, Money, of Mississippi, JUajti3rjcv Pttbay rith, . he says,' J much imormation to Dtf nifftti!TTsrfact that. the. nomination of Secre next session of Congress. Fire at Athens, Texas, destroyed nearly a dozen places of business. The loss is estimated at $100,000. The Georgia State Railroad Commis sion has adopted an order refusing to change the recent circular reducing the railroad rates on cent. fertilizers 20 per The franchises and properties of the Electric Railway Company of Savannah were sold at public auction last week under decree of the United States Court. They were bid in by Herman Meyers, of Savannah, for $211,000 repre senting the stockholders. At Norfolk, Va.? William Downing and Charles Williams, expiated their crimes on the same gallows. The Southern Baseball League met in Montgomery, Ala., and decided to continue in business. The 1896 pen ant was awarded to the New Orleans club. At Augusta, G a , L. Warner, a Jew ish merchant, while throwing water out of a third-story window, lost his bal ance and fell to the ground, breaking his neck. At Forsyth, Ga., John Hickerman, a young farmer, shot his wife and then shot himself. Polly Brannum, possibly the oldest woman in Tennessee, is dead. Aged 109. The 5Cth General Assembly of Ten nessee is in session. The most import ant work to come before that body the first week is the consideration of the contest filed by G. N. Tillman, Re publican candidate for governor. Floyd Estill, of Winchester, Tenn., has been appointed circuit judge of the Fourth circuit by Governor Turney to fill out the unexpired term of John A. Moon, elected to Congress from the Third district. Nine car-loads cf Italians, direct from Italy, passed through Charlotte, N. C, last week enroute to Arkansas. In the next thirty days there will be neld in Florida three conventions Harbor Defense, Tobacco Growers' and National Good Roads Congress. Nashville Tenn. , has recently exper ienced a $600,000 fire. Insurance about half. At Los Angeles, Cal., some weeks ago tho police and sheriff received no tice to look out for J. P. Folk, son of a prominent South Carolina farmer, who is wanted in Abilene Texas, for alleged forgery. The police got track of the young fellow at North Pomona, follow ed him to India, and lodged him in jail there. AH About the North. The convention of the Order of Rail way Telegraphers has been called to be held in Peoria on May17th. It is currently reported that the lead ing Prohibitionists and temperance workers of Kansas have decided to ask the Legislature this winter to pass a law establishing a State liquor dis pensary in Kansas. This January 29, the birthday of Kansas, will be made a State holiday. The hard times have closed up about 1,000 saloons at Chicago. Of 276 members of the Connecticut Legislature, which will convene next month, ono hundred are farmers. The lawyers number only twenty-three. Hazen S. Pingree has been inaugu rated governor of Michigan. They are having a toll-gate war in Clinton county, lnd., and forty-four prominent farmers have been arrested for chopping down the gates. The at tacks on the gates were made openly, during the day. Frank S. Black, the new Republican Governoi of New York, has been inau gurated at Albany. At Lancaster, Penn., Abe Henson, one of the members of the gang of thieves and outlaws who reside on the Welsh Mountains was shot and killed by his step-brother, Jerry Green, who is also a noted criminal and member of the same gang. Miscellaneous. The total loss by the burning of the Usurlino convent at Roberval, Quebec, Wednesday, is now placed at over $30, 000; fairly well insured. So far only three bodies have been recovered from the ruins. The president and faculty of Storm ! Lake College, the Presbyterian school for western Iowa, have resigned, and that institution is financially stranded. Bob Fitzsimmons is matched to fight Jim Corbett for a purse of $15,000 and a side bet of $5,000 St Patrick's Day, March 17th. ' Senator Sherman has written to President-elect McKinley that he has decided to remain in the Senate in preferenoe to accepting a cabinet posi tion. There are fifty-two penitentia ries and over 17,000 jails in the United States, It cost $500,000,000 to build them. Over 000,000 persons were incarcerated in the year 1892. The criminal expense to the country is not less than $100,000,000 annually. The warm weather will prevent the usual ice palace caraival at St. Paul, Juink., thii wftter. THE FIFTY-FOURTH G0HGRES8 Work of the National Assembly Told In Brief. ABOLISHING DEATH PENALTY. Not Conducting the War In Cuba In Accordance With Civilized Usac. Excluding "Samplo Copies," Etc. SENATE. Tuesday. Congress reassembled af ter the holidays, and for two months noAv the business of the United States will be attended to with neatness and dispatch. The Senate committee on finance met but transacted no business, on account of the absence of a quorum. Dnrinc thft wnrR nf thn Ipniiltnrv talk around the table some one mentioned tary l rancis had not yet been acted upon, and the report that it would have to wait until a quorum was obtained was presented. The Senate rassed the House bill abolishing the death penalty in a large number oi cases, ihe measure is in the line of recent State laws abolishing . capital punishment and applies the same principal to Federal offenses, al though the change is not. extended to a total abolition of the death penalty. Mr. Hale submitted and had printed ! "d"m UV mo JCI'iU lliiCllli Ui 13 111 IO IU1 llIO method of the recognition of foreign governments and foreign States by the government of the United States from 1879 to 1897," tending to show the ac curacy of Secretary Olney's contention that the recognition of foreign govern ments was exclusively an executive function, in which Congress had no part. The precedents cited were nu merous. A message from the President was received transmitting the report of the Becretary of State concerning the death of Charles Govin in Cuba. It was in response to the resolution offered by Mr. Call reciting that Govin was a United States citizen who had been killed by the Spanish authorities in Cuba. The message was brief and formal in transmitting the report. Wednesday. The Cuban question was under consideration in the Senate In the form of the two resolutions of fered Tuesday by Mr. Call, Democrat, of Florida, the one a simple resolution calling on the Secretary of State for copies of the correspondence in the matter of Julio Sanguilly, an American citizen condemned by the Spanish au thorities to lifo imprisonment in chains; and the other a joint resolution in structing the President to demand San guilly's immediate release. The first was agreed to; and the second was re ferred to tho committee on foreign re lations. In a long speech on the subject of these resolutions, the case of Charles Govin was discussed quite as much as that of Sanguilly. The Senate bill to amend the act re pealing the timber culture law was passed; also the House bill for the ap pointment by brevet cf active or retired officers of the army. The Senate joint resolution request ing the government of Great Britaip to pardon Mrs. Florence Maybrick, which was reported adversely last session, was taken from the calendar and indef initely postponed. Thursday. Several memorials were presented by Mr. Cullom (Rep.), of Il linois, in favor of the recognition of Cuban independence, and one from the Commercial Club of Chicago, endors ing the policy of the Administration regarding Cuba. m This was followed by the introduc tion of a joint resolution by Mr. Mills (Dem.), of Texas, declaring that"The expediency of recognizing the independence of a foreign . guvern ment belong to Congress, and when Congress shall so determine, the Exec utive shall act in harmony with the legislative department of the govern ment. Second: That the independence of the republic of Cuba ought to be and hereby is recognized; and the sum of $10,000 is hereby appropriated for sal ary and expenses of a minister to that government whenever such minister shall be appointed by the President." Mills will make his Cuban speech Monday. The homestead laws to all the lands acquired from Indian tribes was opposed by Mr. Piatt (Rep. ), of Connecticut. It was, advocated by Mr. Stewart (Pop.), of Nevada. The bill went over without action. The Loud bill, in reference to second class mail matter, was received from the House and was referred to the post office committee. Senate bill to provide for a district attorney and a marshal for the western 'udicial district of South Carolina was aken from the calendar and passed. HOUSE. Tuesday. Only about half the mem-, bers of the House were in their seats today when that body was called to or der after the holiday recess, to enter upon the bulk of the work of the last session. A resolution introduced by Mr. Broderick, Republican, of Kansas, was agreod to, calling upon the Secre tary of the Interior to report to the House the reason why patents for lands in Kansas, granted to the old Kansas Pacific Railway Company, had not been issued to the company, and why home stead entries upon the lauds in question were being permitted to be made by the officers of the Topeka land district. By the terms of the order adopted Decem ber 19, the House resolved itself into committee of the whole to consider the Loud bill, to amend the postal laws, by excluding "samples" and serial novel publications from the second-class mail matter, which held the floor for the rest of the day. Representative Sulzer, of New York, introduced a joint resolution stating that the Kingdom of Spain is not con ducting the war in Cuba in accordance with civilized usage, and notifying Spain that if "the barbarous manner in which the war has been conducted does not cease within thirty days, that the United States will recognize the inde pendence of Cuba, and maintain it by force of arms." Wednesday. After two debates the House by 144 to 105, passed the bill in troduced, hv Mr. Loud, chairman of the committee on Fostoffices to amend the law relating to second-class mail mat ter. The principal features of the bill were those denying to the mails as second-class mattert sample copies of news papers and serial novel publications and withdrawing from news agents the privilege of returning to their princi pals at the pound rate unsold copies of periodicals. ; Thttbsday. The debate upon the preposition to refund the indebtedness of the Pacific Railroad Company to the government was begun in tho House, ; under the order adopted last montn. n took up the time of the House and judg ing from the attendance and attention of members, and spectators, was neither ueep aoi .XAi Aoito. j. he hnai vote wilt be Monday. Friday. The second day's session of the Pacific Railroad funding bill in the House of Representatives developed much interest from a popular point ' vx view. iui. uonuson, xiepuoiican, oi California, in the course of a speech supporting the bill alluded to Mr. W. K. Hearst, of the San Francisco Exam- ' iner and New York Journal, m most vituperative terms. He was answered by Mr. Cooper, Republican, of Wis consin, who characterized the incident as the most disgraceful he had ever known in the history of Congress. The bill was advocated by Messrs. and Hepburn, Republican, of Iowa, and j antagonized by Messrs. Harrison, , Democrat, of Alabama; Boatner, Dem- j ocrat, of Louisiana; Swanson, Demo-I crat, of Virginia; McCall, Republican, i of Massachusetts (only upon the rate of interest proposed) ; Wheeler, Dem- ' ocrat, of Alabama, and Shofroth and j Bell, Populists, of Colorado. The evening session of the nouse, devoted under the rules to" the consid eration of private pension bills, was rendered of no avail by absentees. Saturday The text of the bill to re fund the indebtedness of the Union United States was perfected, so far as the committee of the whole House was concerned, and the measure, with cer tain pending amendments, was reported to the House at 5 o'clock, after a three days' parliamentary battle, and a vote on its passage will be taken Moncay. Penrose, Vice Cameron. At Harrisonburg, T&. , the full Re publican caucus of the Senate and House, to choose a candidate for United States Senator to succeed Senator Cam eron, resulted in 133 votes for State Senator Penrose, of Philadelphia, 75 for ex-Postmaster-General Wanna maker, one for Senator Cameron, one for ex-Congressman John B. Robinson and one for Judge Rice, present judge of the Superior Court. If the decision of the caucus is obeyed in joint ballot of the Legislature, Mr. Penrose will be the next Senator from Pennsylvania to succeed Mr. Cameron. A Religious Riot, At Bay City, Mich. , a thousand of tie warring factions of Poles who are de termined that Father Bagacki (hall not officiate ai their priest attacked the par sonage of St. Itanislaus ' Church and stoned it for over an hour. All the windows were broken and the doors battered down. The entire police force was unable to quiet the mob. The in surance companies have cancelled the insurance on the church property, which is valued at $100,000. Nebraska Legislature. The twenty-fifth session of the Ne braska Legislature was called to order at noon Tuesday of last week. Organ ization was quickly effected as a result of the fusion caucuses held the night before. Populists are given control of the Hone and Democrats and free sil ver Republicans of the Senate. Bliss Will Succeed Herbert. President-elect McKinley and M. A. Hannahave at last got down to the serious work of constructing a Cabinet There seems to be no possible doubt but that Cornelius N. Lliss, of New York, has been offered and accepted the Sec retaryship of the Navy. This is the first step toward the construction of the Cabinet The Dakota Legislature. On account of the Houso not being ready to organize the inaugural cere monies of the State officers consisted of swearing in the new officers by Presid ing Justice Corson. The Senate mem bers were sworn in by Justice Fuller, of the Supreme Court, and the Senate at once proceeded to organize. Popu list Senator Palmer presented a new set of rules, which takes the organiza tion out of the hands of the Lieutenant-Governor, a Republican, and places it in the hands of the Populist party A Rock-Boring Shellfish. One of the most curious of the many remarkable forms of marine life Is a Bpeclcs of mollusk called, the razo shell, which can excavate holes In solid rocks. This creature has no English name; Us Latin name Is rholas. It Is found in widely separated regions of the earth, but Is most plentiful on the coast of the Mediterranean, where limestone abounds. It is frequently met with on the coast of Italy, where wuole limestone beaches are honey combed with its holes. It Is still a disputed point among naturalists as to how this boring Is effected. Some tmnk that the mollusk secretes some acid which softens the limestone, but others think that the holes are bored by the simple mechanical process of grinding. The preponderance of opin ion appears to He with the latter view at present, yet It is said that no one has yefbeen able to catch the Fholas at work. St. Louis Republic. She-bear me. Whydon't they teach choruses to sing intelligibly? It Is so aggravating to be unable to distinguish the words. He You don't know yout luck. I have read the libretto. Indian apolis Journal. "Country's gone to the dogs; no hope for It!" "Too bad! Just had an elec tion, haven't your "Yes." "Well, wasn't It a fair one?" "Oh, yesl But t was beat, 6lr plum beat" Atlanta Constitution, . KORTH STATE 1 Pine Tree Chips Gathered From the Fourth Estate Field, THERE IS CLASHING AHEAD. Juvenile CrlmlnnlsIJcvcnuo Collec tions Burclara Sentenced to Die. Paid All Its Expenses. "Student," writing from Greensboro to the Raleigh News & Observer, says: "The Legislature of our State meets on a very unfortunate day. On the Ct' the superior planets Saturn and Uranus are in conjunction, and the moon, is evilly aspecting both, from which we may infer that there will be but little good resulting from this session; on the contrary, a general parrot and mon key time will ensue, and the people will have cause for thouhtfuIne, when after dipgusting the whole State with their antics they fchall finally ad journ. January 14tb, 2l6t and Febru ary 17th and 18 are days which are par ticularly likely to see a rumpus among the lawmakers. "When they meet on the 10th to elect a Senator, the influenoes are not propitious, yet there is one good Lunar aspect to the planet Mars, and it would not surprise me if a leader is developed who may be described a martial man. The planet Mars at the time will be in the sign Gemini, and this position gives a ierson of rather tall stature, brown hair, gray eyes, ruddy or f an- fuine complexion, strong body, big ones, long arms. In disposition he is rash, free aad generous, independent, ambitious and aspiring, and by foroo of will may win. If such a man ap pears on the scene, he will likely be master of, or contract the situation, and either be elected Senator or elect whom he may desire." . Juvenile Criminals. The following is taken from Superin tendent of the Penitentiary Leazer's annual report: "Mr. Leaner thinks that with the criminal class of mature years there is little hope of reform. With the younger class the chances are bet ter, out there can be little hope of re formation where they re in constant contact with older and hardened men acquainted with every form and device of criminality. If the boys and girls can be entirely isolated ana given men tal and moral as well as industrial training, altogether separate and apart from the penitentiary, come of them may be reared to be fairly good men and women; and if this much is true, certainly the effort might be made. A juvenile reformatory will be a charge upon the State, doubtless, to eome ex tent; so rare are charitable institutions. If established it should be separate and distinct from the penitentiary. There are AO youths in the penitentiary under the age of 10 years. One of them en tered at 9 years, was discharged at 14, and returned within five mouths. . Revenue Collections. Cashier Brenizcr. of Collector Rog ers' offic, reports that the revenue col lections for the fifth district of North Carolina during the month of Decem ber were: Tobacco. ... ,,.. t.. 74,185 20 Spiyits.- .- 80,223 83 Snuff.. ..v-. 19 8 Cigars. ,-.. v 19 80 Cigarettes. . ; 2:5 50 Special tix. .te...-i-.i !28 9fl Miscellaneous. . ...,. ,v..- 8 Total-,. . . v'i(2li 08 These amounts wers collected at the various offices as follows: Winston $03,000 73 Statenville 67,800 16 Asheville 84,057 40 MtAiry 0,840 00 Burglars Sentenced to Die. The dates for tho execution of threo burglars have been set by Gov. Carr. they were found guilty and sentenced to hang by tho lower court. An opeal was taken to tho Supreme court, but that did not grant a new trial, so the judgment of the lower court must bo carried out The executions are all set for February 8. Ihe condemned men are: James Johnson, of Mecklenburg, and George Cody and William Cody, brothers, of Madison county. Neither of the Codies are in custody, having made their escape from $ail. Governor Carr set the date for their execution, so that if they are ever captured the pen alty of the law may be imposed upon them. Paid All Its Expenses. The annual report of the State peni tentiary shows tnat there are 1,145 con victs, of whom 8o0 are employed on leased farms where they cultivate 11, 000 acres. The penitentiary paid all its expenses last year and has a cash balance of over $J3,000 ' In Wilkes county, Mansfield Parsons, 15 years old, the son of a widow, com mitted suicide, to spite his mother, for whipping him. The boy hanged him self with the same strap his mother punished him with. He only lived r few hours after he was found. J E. Cowles, one of Winston's larg est leaf tobacco dealers, has assigned, naming F. K. Giay trustee. Bekei leaf tobacco, tho asetts include real es tate, cto. 'ihe liabilities are not given. "Sawyer, I've cured my wife' lnsom- ala." "How did you do It?" "Had the maid get up and ring the rising bell lu the middle of the nlihf Chicago Rec ird. It appears to be a common practice, tbout both New York and Boston, not to have school on rainy days. No Kcnbt the objection is that the chil dren catch cold sitting in damp tlolhos, explains Harper's Weekly. In a recenf election In Waterbury, Conn., the bicycle vote defeated George Tracy, a candidate for selectman, tbo only man on the Republican ticket who was not elected. He was opposed to the good roads movement 4