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The gazette. [volume] (Raleigh, N.C.) 18??-1???, January 16, 1897, Image 1

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t;:e weekly gazette.
JAMES H. TOO KG, Edit anlfrcp.
GenerwJ Trtrtfiav Aotat.
Od scpi&r, one btperUaa.... t 50
On square, one montW ...... 1 00
One square, two months... 3 00
One nquare, three months...... S 50
One square, six months......... 6 00
One squire, one year. 9 00
tJ Liberal contracts mad tor larger
LR "
NO. 49.
jJ3jz-j 1ja jl jl iry
? -
A Complete Picture of the Public
Affairs of the State.
Recommends the Leaso of tho No rt
Carolina Railroad Both State Fairs
Endorsed, Etc.
Tuesday of last week Ilis Excellency,
Elias Carr, Governor of North Caro
lina, retired from office, his term of
four years expiring. His last message
"wad submitted to the General Assembly
Thursday, and its principal features
will be found below.
Blinding he Legislature that ths .
Governor's duties are executive onty,
and that the upholding of the State's
credit, her pride and honor and the
care of her institutions devolves upon
tV5 General Assembly, His Excellency
'.the people have intrusted this sa
cred work to you. For the first time in
twenty years tho interests of the State
in all its branches have been delivered
into the hands of a different political
rarty. The measures which you may
deem wise may be opposed to the policy
heretofore pursued, and , in making
changes I caution you to consider care
fully and well such changes as pertain
to the institutions of the State, for the
Ieople will hold you responsible for the
success or failure of such measures,
-r-eeling assured that you have the inter
est of your State at heart, I submit for
yOhr consideration brief observations
made from the different reports fur
nished me by the State officers."
lie refers to the report of tho Secre
tary of State, showing that this depart
ment has collected and paid into tho
-lreaspy-presumably for the biennial
period -$120, 980.00, "a sum sufficient
to defray the expenses of the Executive
-Department more than five times."
Ihis source of revenue, it is pointed
out. is not a burden upon the citizen.
I he special tax bonds cases Baltzer
vs. tho State and Baltzer and Taake vs.
the State -have been decided, the Su
preme Court of the United States sus
taining the Supreme Court of North
arolina, which had decided in favor of
the State. The cases involved $12,297,
000 and the-question of the State's lia
bility for the bonds issued by the re
construction convention of 18i8 and the
legislature which succeeded it is set
tied for all time in the State's favor.
The Treasurer's report is discussed.
The Governor concurs with the Treas
urer that the surplus of dividends re
ceived on the State's stock in the North
Carolina Railroad should not be turned
into the general fund, as has been the
custom, but be held sacredly, as the
law provides, for the payment of inter
eat and the establishment of a sinking
fund. Approval is also given another
suggestion of the Treasurer that the
guarantee and security companies do
ing business in the State be required to
deposit collateral to protect the State
and to relinquish their right to move
cases to the Federal courts.
"Under the act to compromise, com
mute and settle the State debt," $3,
360, 700 4 per cent, new bonds have been
issued in exchange for the old valid
debts of the State. It will require
3223,070 more 4 per cent, bonds to take
up the remainder of the old bonds out
standing, making the whole possible
debt $3,(515,770, bearing 4 per cent, in
terest. . The State owns as an invest
ment $136,700 of these bonds, and tho
board of education $143,250 and also
per cent, construction bonds, upon
which interest is paid out of the North
Carolina Railroad dividends, amounts
to $2,720,000."
There remains of the direct land tax
fund $1,000.64, which is held in trust
by the Governor and which will be
come the property of tlys State March
2, 1807, unless in the meantime called
The aggregate value of all the real
and personal property of the State re
turned for taxation is $257,437,227.99 a
decrease in two years of $2,127,222.00.
The total amount of all taxes collected
in the State last year was $2,570,360.97
a per capita of $1.46, estimating the
population at 1,760,000. The white peo
ple pay 0G. 34 per cent, of the taxes of
the Stata and the colored people 3. 66
per cent.
The Governor cordially approves the
pension tax and advises that it be in
creased. It i3 recommended that some step be
taken for supplying the place of a
judge becoming bick, insane or other
wise disabled.
The State Guard is warmly commend
ed. It is better equipped and more
efficient than ever before. It was called
out seven times last year. The Gover
nor continues;
The appropriation for their support
should be sufficient, in addition to what
is furnished by the national govern
ment, to adequately provide for their
necessary equipment, pay the rent of
their armories, give them such field
instruction as recommended by the
Adjutant General, and pay them for
their services when in actual service a
per diem sufficient at least to 6ecure
them from pecuniary loss while on such
duty. This is as little as could be
asked at your hands. "
He advises an increase of the salary
of the Adjutant General and that that
office bo provided with clerical assis
tance. Discussing the report of the Com
missioner of Labor Statistics, the Gov
ernor recommends the recommenda
tions of that officer;
1. That a law be passed limiting
the lengh of a working day to 11 hours.
2. That no child under 12 years of
age be allowed to work in any building,
and those between 12 and 14 only when
they have a certificate showing that
they have been to school at least three
months during the preceding year.
8. The salary of the Commissioner
should be increased to $2,000 and that
$o,000 be appropriated to prosecute the
The work of the Railroad Commis
sion is warmly endorsed. It has
brought in for taxation $14,151,556 of
railroad property, has reduced railroad,
telegraph and express charges. Rail
road tariffs are now lower- in North
Carolina than in 90 per cent of the
States of the Union.
The Governor makes an elaborate ar
gument in support of the lease of the
North Carolina Railroad. "I favored
the lease of this property," says he,
"and it was done by the board of ei
rectors with my full concurrence and
endorsed by the stockholders without a
dissenting voice. I believed and still
believe that it is the best thing that
could have been done by the State, and
the future will determine the wisdom
of the transaction. " He adds : 'It may
be safely said that there is no other
long-term investment in North Caro
lina bearing so good a rate of interest
as 7 per cent. , and the stock of the
North Carolina Railroad is to-day the
most valuable stock bearing a fixed and
permanent rate of income to be found
m the State. " The Governor has en
tire confidence that upon a dispassion
ate consideration" the lease "will meet
with the universal spproval of every im
partial citizen. "
His Excellency is proud of the report
made for the penitentiary by Superin
tendent Leazar, and point3 to this re
port as a vindication of the policy
adopted for the management of. thw in
stitution. ' '
The work of the Board of Agriculture
is regarded as of "inestimable value. "
He commends its economy and appar
ently concurs in its recommendation
that the tonnage tax on fertilizers be
reduced 20 per cent. The experiment
station, the museum, the Agricultural
and Mechanical College, the farmer's
institutes and the subject of immigra
tion are all discussed somewhat at
The State fair and the colored fair
are both endorsed.
It is shown that North Carolina
spends much less, actually and rela
tively, for the support of her Univer
sity than many other States, and it is
urged that this institution be fostered.
The great importance of carrying on
our educational work is insisted upon
and the Governor disagrees wholly
with those who make the "startling
proposition" that "there is a conflict
between the State and the Church in
educational work." Improvement in
the efficiency of the public schools is
noted. Compulsory education is fa
vored, and four months' terms of the
schools, which, the General Assembly
is reminded, is a "continuing man
date" of the constitution. An increased
school tax levy of 6 per cent, or an in
crease cf 64 cents in the poll tax is
recommended.' The Governor argues
lengthily for compulsory education..
The work of the Geological Survey
has been extensive and valuable.
Improvement of the public roads i3
suggested. ' 'Over ordinary North Caro
lina country roads it coats about as
much to transport a ton '60 miles as it
does a ton from Iowa to Colorado.
Transportation is now the factor in
competition, and land must depreciate
in value if the roads to it are such that
it cannot meet competion. "
His Excellency praises highly the
management of the insane asylums of
the State, and expresses the hope that
the heads of these institutions will not
be changed. He says, among other
"Each institution desires especial
appropriation to further carry on the
noble charitable work undertaken by
the State, but under the existing cir
cumstances I cannot recommend that
all these appropriations be made, but I
don't mean to say, gentlemen of the Leg
islature, that such appropriations are
not needed. To come up to the full
measure of our duty would involve
large expenditures, and while these in
stitutions need guch enlargements,
still an increase in taxation would nec
essarilly follow, and I do not think it
proper now to increase the burden of
taxation on the real estate in North
Carolina. I commend these reports
and urge you to carefully consider if
some means cannot be devised by
which these institutions could be en
larged to still greater usefulness. "
Hearty praise is given also to the
work of the institution for the "deaf
and dumb and the blind.
The compulsory education of blind
children is recommended.
In the following the Governor pro
jects upon the Legislature a novel and
interesting idea:
"While our State institutions have
been economically managed, I believe
they can yet bo made more so by the
application of ordinary business princi
ples to their management, by making
them mutually assist each other, which
would result in a still greater saving to
the tax-payer. The penitentiary should
raise all vegetables and staple supplies,
as well as make all the clothing, shoes
and hats for all the institutions; the
blind asylum the brooms, harness and
chairs, and the deaf-mutes do all the
State printing and binding. By ex
pending a comparatively small amount
in the purchase of a plant the deaf
mutes could do all the publio printing
and binding for the State and save the
tax-payers at least $33,469. 85 per annum
and at the same time open up a field of
employment for the unfortunate objects
of the State's charity. "
Recognizing the widespread desire
for a juvenile reformatory, the Governor
yet doubts the advisability of such an
undertaking in the present depleted
condition of the State Treasury.
The State Hoard is praised for its
faithful and unrewarded work.
His excellency is satisfied 'that the
State spends no money more judicious
than the $2,000 it appropriates to the
State Board of Health.
The revenues from the oyster law
have not been sufficient to defray the
expenses of protecting our oyster
waters. All former oyster legislation
has proved ineffective.
The Governer thinks that crime is
Increasing more rapidly than popula
tion. Within the past two years he has
granted 126 pardons, 15 commutations
and 2 reprieves.
Governor Carr thinks the State's best
interests will be served by leasing the
Atlantic & North Carolina Railroad.
He thinks highly of the State Normal
and Industrial ychool for Women, and
recommends a renewal of its appropria
tion of $20,000.
It is shown that the publio printing
is costing at the rate of $14,892.82 for
tho current two years in excess of cost
for the two years ended April 1, 1895.
The Governor recommends the election
of a public printer and that the printing
be given out to the lowest bidder under
his direction.
The message, which is voluminous,
exhaustive and creditable in the high
est sense, presents a complete picture
of the public affairs of the State and
closes thus:
"The administration of the State
government by the Democratic party
for the past twenty years is now behind
you. It is a grand record of greal
achievements for the upbuilding ol
this commonwealth and the promotion
of the interests of the entire people.
With my administration closes the
series beginning under the illustrious
Vance and continuing through the
wise and economic administrations oi
Governors Jarvis, Scales, Fowle and
Holt. The party retires from the ad
ministration of the affairs of the State
through thfcV executive and other offi
cers, feeling1 that North Carolina has
had a series of years of good govern
ment, economically1 administered,
which challenges comparison.
A Baltimore Bank Cashier and
Preacher Stole $60,000.
Richard D. Cornelius, one of the old
est and best known bank cashiers of
Baltimore, Md. , has committed suicide.
His body was found in Druid Hill park,
a few hours after a shortage of $60,000
hail bGonidincer9d'-i'Li6vaccout3--fct
Ihe National Farmers' and Planters'
Bank. Bank Examiner Marshall Win
chester drew the attention of the officers
of the bank to some irregularities in
the accounts of an out-of-town institu
tion. Mr. Cornelius was asked to ex
plain the irregularities. He did not at
tempt to do so, but abruptly walked off.
A closer examination of his accounts
disclosed an apparent shortage of $60,
000. When the officers of the bank
learned that the cashier had left the
building they telephoned detectives to
hunt him up. They traced the de
faulter to Druid Hill park and thence
to the duck pond. There they found
his body floating in the water. He had
evidently held himself to the bottom of
the pond by the weeds that grew there.
Mr. Cornelius was about 68 years of
age and had been connected with the
National Farmers' and Planters' Bank
for over forty-two years. He was a
close friend of the fate Enoch Pratt,
who was president of the bank for al
most half a century. In religious cir
cles Mr. Cornelius was almost as prom
inent as in banking circles. His tragic
ending was the sole topic of conversa
tion and hundred of his friends refused
to believe that he was either a defaulter
or suicide. The matter caused more
excitement in the banking district than
any other event in years.
For many years Cornelius has been
vgry prominent in Methodism and at
the time of his death was a local
preacher in the Baltimore Conference,
president of the city missionary and
church extension society; president of
the Emory Groves Association; one of
the trustees of the Baltimore Annual
Conference, and a member of the Mad
ison Avenue Church.
The National Farmers' and Planters'
Bank is one of the oldest, and is con
sidered one or the strongest in the
city. It has paid 10 per cent, divi
dends for several years, in addition to
its surplus given in the bank's report
on December 17, 1806, was $600,000.
Its capial stock is $800,000.
The Dauntless Expedition Safely
The Cuban paper El Porvenir, pub
lished in New York, received last week
the following dispatch from Key West
and signed by Emillio Nunez, refer
ring to the Dauntless expedition:
"Expedition was happily disem
barked at Sagua, in combination with
Gomez. "
By this it is understood that the
Dauntless successfully landed her cargo
and that the supplies were received by
The Dauntless took 51 men and the
arms and ammunition which the Three
Friends left on No Name Key, near
Key West, after failing to land them in
Cuba. The cargo is said to have con
tained 1,184 rifles, 500,000 cartridges,
COO machetes, 1,000 pounds of dyna
mite, medicines, supplies, etc.
Sagua, where tht expedition was
landed, is an important towu of Santa
Clara province and is on the north
coast. The landing was probably made
on one of the beaches west of the port,
which is protected by one or more
Spanish gunboats.
Gomez was last reported a few miles
south of Sagua.
Cubans are rejoicing over the re
port of a successful landing of an expe
dition after the failure of the Three
Friends and the sinking of the Com
modcro. filters.
Prof. Tyndall's Idea, expressed many
years ago, that filtration through a plug
of cotton wool was a most efficient
method of freeing air from mlcroblc
germs, led to attempts being made to
sterilize water In the same way. Little
success has hitherto been attained, but
quite recently M. Henri Potevln claims
that he has evolved a method of so con
structing such filters that he can com
pletely sterilize water In large quanti
ties. The fibers of the cotton are finely
powdered and sifted, and then suspend
ed in water and allowed to settle. This
they do in compact mass, forming a
paste, which, allowed to dry slowly,
gives filter plates quite Impervious to
germs, etc. The best results are gained
by placing the plates between two
plates of sandstone or perforated metal,
and If they are arranged In a battery,
like the filter presses so commonly used
In Europe for sewage, sludge, etc., very
large quantities of water can be rapidly
sterilized. Periodical cleanings are nec
essary, as no matter what care Is taken,
the rule which holds good In all other
filters serving the same end, that the
microbes are able to get through the
filtering' material eventually by a pro
cess of growth, obtains. There Is, how
ever, no great difficulty In this, as the
cells of the material are easily purified
by a fresh pulping in boiling water.
Not a Bicycle Enthusiast.
He is one of the men who refuse to
become enthusiastic over the bicycle.
"Have you learned to brake your
wheel with your foot yet?" asked his
"No," was the reply. "I haven't got
ten any further than learning to break
my foot with my wheel." Washington
Southern Pencil Pointers.
Ex-Senator John J. Ingalls, of Kan
sas, is to lecture in Atlanta this month.
The foreign demand for Alabama pig
iron continues to increase at such a rate
that there is still a shortage in ship
room. The trade is regarded as perma
nent. The chamber of commerce of Macon,
Ga-, has appointed delegates to te
national monetary convention in In
dianapolis. - ?
In an attempt to whitecap and lynch
L. C. Cooms in Perry county, Ky. , one
of the whitecappers was killed by their
would-be victim.
L. F. Brown and Stephen Maysyck
were killed at Otranto, about 15 miles
from Charleston, S. C, by John Pop
penhiem. i They were in a boat and
were assassinated from the shore of the
river. Poppenheim surrendered.
Senator-f...t, Money, of Mississippi,
JUajti3rjcv Pttbay rith, . he says,' J
much imormation to Dtf nifftti!TTsrfact that. the. nomination of Secre
next session of Congress.
Fire at Athens, Texas,
nearly a dozen places of business. The
loss is estimated at $100,000.
The Georgia State Railroad Commis
sion has adopted an order refusing to
change the recent circular reducing
the railroad rates on
fertilizers 20 per
The franchises and properties of the
Electric Railway Company of Savannah
were sold at public auction last week
under decree of
the United States
Court. They were bid in by Herman
Meyers, of Savannah, for $211,000 repre
senting the stockholders.
At Norfolk, Va.? William Downing
and Charles Williams, expiated their
crimes on the same gallows.
The Southern Baseball League met
in Montgomery, Ala., and decided to
continue in business. The 1896 pen
ant was awarded to the New Orleans
At Augusta, G a , L. Warner, a Jew
ish merchant, while throwing water out
of a third-story window, lost his bal
ance and fell to the ground, breaking
his neck.
At Forsyth, Ga., John Hickerman, a
young farmer, shot his wife and then
shot himself.
Polly Brannum, possibly the oldest
woman in Tennessee, is dead. Aged
The 5Cth General Assembly of Ten
nessee is in session. The most import
ant work to come before that body
the first week is the consideration of
the contest filed by G. N. Tillman, Re
publican candidate for governor.
Floyd Estill, of Winchester, Tenn.,
has been appointed circuit judge of the
Fourth circuit by Governor Turney to
fill out the unexpired term of John A.
Moon, elected to Congress from the
Third district.
Nine car-loads cf Italians, direct from
Italy, passed through Charlotte, N. C,
last week enroute to Arkansas.
In the next thirty days there will be
neld in Florida three conventions
Harbor Defense, Tobacco Growers' and
National Good Roads Congress.
Nashville Tenn. , has recently exper
ienced a $600,000 fire. Insurance about
At Los Angeles, Cal., some weeks
ago tho police and sheriff received no
tice to look out for J. P. Folk, son of a
prominent South Carolina farmer, who
is wanted in Abilene Texas, for alleged
forgery. The police got track of the
young fellow at North Pomona, follow
ed him to India, and lodged him in jail
AH About the North.
The convention of the Order of Rail
way Telegraphers has been called to be
held in Peoria on May17th.
It is currently reported that the lead
ing Prohibitionists and temperance
workers of Kansas have decided to ask
the Legislature this winter to pass a
law establishing a State liquor dis
pensary in Kansas.
This January 29, the birthday of
Kansas, will be made a State holiday.
The hard times have closed up about
1,000 saloons at Chicago.
Of 276 members of the Connecticut
Legislature, which will convene next
month, ono hundred are farmers. The
lawyers number only twenty-three.
Hazen S. Pingree has been inaugu
rated governor of Michigan.
They are having a toll-gate war in
Clinton county, lnd., and forty-four
prominent farmers have been arrested
for chopping down the gates. The at
tacks on the gates were made openly,
during the day.
Frank S. Black, the new Republican
Governoi of New York, has been inau
gurated at Albany.
At Lancaster, Penn., Abe Henson,
one of the members of the gang of
thieves and outlaws who reside on the
Welsh Mountains was shot and
killed by his step-brother, Jerry
Green, who is also a noted criminal
and member of the same gang.
The total loss by the burning of the
Usurlino convent at Roberval, Quebec,
Wednesday, is now placed at over $30,
000; fairly well insured. So far only
three bodies have been recovered from
the ruins.
The president and faculty of Storm !
Lake College, the Presbyterian school
for western Iowa, have resigned, and
that institution is financially stranded.
Bob Fitzsimmons is matched to fight
Jim Corbett for a purse of $15,000 and
a side bet of $5,000 St Patrick's Day,
March 17th. '
Senator Sherman has written to
President-elect McKinley that he has
decided to remain in the Senate in
preferenoe to accepting a cabinet posi
tion. There are fifty-two penitentia
ries and over 17,000 jails in the
United States, It cost $500,000,000
to build them. Over 000,000 persons
were incarcerated in the year 1892. The
criminal expense to the country is not
less than $100,000,000 annually.
The warm weather will prevent the
usual ice palace caraival at St. Paul,
Juink., thii wftter.
Work of the National Assembly Told
In Brief.
Not Conducting the War In Cuba In
Accordance With Civilized Usac.
Excluding "Samplo Copies," Etc.
Tuesday. Congress reassembled af
ter the holidays, and for two months
noAv the business of the United States
will be attended to with neatness and
dispatch. The Senate committee on
finance met but transacted no business,
on account of the absence of a quorum.
Dnrinc thft wnrR nf thn Ipniiltnrv talk
around the table some one mentioned
tary l rancis had not yet been acted
upon, and the report that it would have
to wait until a quorum was obtained
was presented.
The Senate rassed the House
abolishing the death penalty
in a large
number oi cases, ihe measure is in
the line of recent State laws abolishing
. capital punishment and applies the
same principal to Federal offenses, al
though the change is not. extended to a
total abolition of the death penalty.
Mr. Hale submitted and had printed
! "d"m
UV mo JCI'iU lliiCllli Ui 13 111 IO IU1 llIO
method of the
recognition of foreign
governments and foreign States by the
government of the United States from
1879 to 1897," tending to show the ac
curacy of Secretary Olney's contention
that the recognition of foreign govern
ments was exclusively an executive
function, in which Congress had no
part. The precedents cited were nu
merous. A message from the President was
received transmitting the report of the
Becretary of State concerning the death
of Charles Govin in Cuba. It was in
response to the resolution offered by
Mr. Call reciting that Govin was a
United States citizen who had been
killed by the Spanish authorities in
Cuba. The message was brief and
formal in transmitting the report.
Wednesday. The Cuban question
was under consideration in the Senate
In the form of the two resolutions of
fered Tuesday by Mr. Call, Democrat,
of Florida, the one a simple resolution
calling on the Secretary of State for
copies of the correspondence in the
matter of Julio Sanguilly, an American
citizen condemned by the Spanish au
thorities to lifo imprisonment in chains;
and the other a joint resolution in
structing the President to demand San
guilly's immediate release. The first
was agreed to; and the second was re
ferred to tho committee on foreign re
lations. In a long speech on the subject of
these resolutions, the case of Charles
Govin was discussed quite as much as
that of Sanguilly.
The Senate bill to amend the act re
pealing the timber culture law was
passed; also the House bill for the ap
pointment by brevet cf active or retired
officers of the army.
The Senate joint resolution request
ing the government of Great Britaip to
pardon Mrs. Florence Maybrick, which
was reported adversely last session,
was taken from the calendar and indef
initely postponed.
Thursday. Several memorials were
presented by Mr. Cullom (Rep.), of Il
linois, in favor of the recognition of
Cuban independence, and one from the
Commercial Club of Chicago, endors
ing the policy of the Administration
regarding Cuba.
m This was followed by the introduc
tion of a joint resolution by
Mr. Mills (Dem.), of Texas, declaring
that"The expediency of recognizing
the independence of a foreign . guvern
ment belong to Congress, and when
Congress shall so determine, the Exec
utive shall act in harmony with the
legislative department of the govern
ment. Second: That the independence of
the republic of Cuba ought to be and
hereby is recognized; and the sum of
$10,000 is hereby appropriated for sal
ary and expenses of a minister to that
government whenever such minister
shall be appointed by the President."
Mills will make his Cuban speech
The homestead laws to all the lands
acquired from Indian tribes was opposed
by Mr. Piatt (Rep. ), of Connecticut.
It was, advocated by Mr. Stewart
(Pop.), of Nevada. The bill went over
without action.
The Loud bill, in reference to second
class mail matter, was received from
the House and was referred to the post
office committee.
Senate bill to provide for a district
attorney and a marshal for the western
'udicial district of South Carolina was
aken from the calendar and passed.
Tuesday. Only about half the mem-,
bers of the House were in their seats
today when that body was called to or
der after the holiday recess, to enter
upon the bulk of the work of the last
session. A resolution introduced by
Mr. Broderick, Republican, of Kansas,
was agreod to, calling upon the Secre
tary of the Interior to report to the
House the reason why patents for lands
in Kansas, granted to the old Kansas
Pacific Railway Company, had not been
issued to the company, and why home
stead entries upon the lauds in question
were being permitted to be made by the
officers of the Topeka land district. By
the terms of the order adopted Decem
ber 19, the House resolved itself into
committee of the whole to consider the
Loud bill, to amend the postal laws, by
excluding "samples" and serial novel
publications from the second-class mail
matter, which held the floor for the
rest of the day.
Representative Sulzer, of New York,
introduced a joint resolution stating
that the Kingdom of Spain is not con
ducting the war in Cuba in accordance
with civilized usage, and notifying
Spain that if "the barbarous manner in
which the war has been conducted does
not cease within thirty days, that the
United States will recognize the inde
pendence of Cuba, and maintain it by
force of arms."
Wednesday. After two debates the
House by 144 to 105, passed the bill in
troduced, hv Mr. Loud, chairman of the
committee on Fostoffices to amend the
law relating to second-class mail mat
ter. The principal features of the bill
were those denying to the mails as second-class
mattert sample copies of news
papers and serial novel publications
and withdrawing from news agents the
privilege of returning to their princi
pals at the pound rate unsold copies of
periodicals. ;
Thttbsday. The debate upon the
preposition to refund the indebtedness
of the Pacific Railroad Company to the
government was begun in tho House, ;
under the order adopted last montn. n
took up the time of the House and judg
ing from the attendance and attention
of members, and spectators, was neither
ueep aoi .XAi Aoito. j. he hnai vote wilt
be Monday.
Friday. The second day's session
of the Pacific Railroad funding bill in
the House of Representatives developed
much interest from a popular point '
vx view. iui. uonuson, xiepuoiican, oi
California, in the course of a speech
supporting the bill alluded to Mr. W.
K. Hearst, of the San Francisco Exam- '
iner and New York Journal, m most
vituperative terms. He was answered
by Mr. Cooper, Republican, of Wis
consin, who characterized the incident
as the most disgraceful he had ever
known in the history of Congress.
The bill was advocated by Messrs.
and Hepburn, Republican, of Iowa, and j
antagonized by Messrs. Harrison, ,
Democrat, of Alabama; Boatner, Dem- j
ocrat, of Louisiana; Swanson, Demo-I
crat, of Virginia; McCall, Republican, i
of Massachusetts (only upon the rate
of interest proposed) ; Wheeler, Dem- '
ocrat, of Alabama, and Shofroth and j
Bell, Populists, of Colorado.
The evening session of the nouse,
devoted under the rules to" the consid
eration of private pension bills, was
rendered of no avail by absentees.
Saturday The text of the bill to re
fund the indebtedness of the Union
United States was perfected, so far as
the committee of the whole House was
concerned, and the measure, with cer
tain pending amendments, was reported
to the House at 5 o'clock, after a three
days' parliamentary battle, and a vote
on its passage will be taken Moncay.
Penrose, Vice Cameron.
At Harrisonburg, T&. , the full Re
publican caucus of the Senate and
House, to choose a candidate for United
States Senator to succeed Senator Cam
eron, resulted in 133 votes for State
Senator Penrose, of Philadelphia, 75
for ex-Postmaster-General Wanna
maker, one for Senator Cameron, one
for ex-Congressman John B. Robinson
and one for Judge Rice, present judge
of the Superior Court. If the decision
of the caucus is obeyed in joint ballot
of the Legislature, Mr. Penrose will be
the next Senator from Pennsylvania to
succeed Mr. Cameron.
A Religious Riot,
At Bay City, Mich. , a thousand of tie
warring factions of Poles who are de
termined that Father Bagacki (hall not
officiate ai their priest attacked the par
sonage of St. Itanislaus ' Church and
stoned it for over an hour. All the
windows were broken and the doors
battered down. The entire police force
was unable to quiet the mob. The in
surance companies have cancelled the
insurance on the church property,
which is valued at $100,000.
Nebraska Legislature.
The twenty-fifth session of the Ne
braska Legislature was called to order
at noon Tuesday of last week. Organ
ization was quickly effected as a result
of the fusion caucuses held the night
before. Populists are given control of
the Hone and Democrats and free sil
ver Republicans of the Senate.
Bliss Will Succeed Herbert.
President-elect McKinley and M. A.
Hannahave at last got down to the
serious work of constructing a Cabinet
There seems to be no possible doubt but
that Cornelius N. Lliss, of New York,
has been offered and accepted the Sec
retaryship of the Navy. This is the
first step toward the construction of the
The Dakota Legislature.
On account of the Houso not being
ready to organize the inaugural cere
monies of the State officers consisted of
swearing in the new officers by Presid
ing Justice Corson. The Senate mem
bers were sworn in by Justice Fuller,
of the Supreme Court, and the Senate
at once proceeded to organize. Popu
list Senator Palmer presented a new
set of rules, which takes the organiza
tion out of the hands of the Lieutenant-Governor,
a Republican, and places
it in the hands of the Populist party
A Rock-Boring Shellfish.
One of the most curious of the many
remarkable forms of marine life Is a
Bpeclcs of mollusk called, the razo
shell, which can excavate holes In solid
rocks. This creature has no English
name; Us Latin name Is rholas. It Is
found in widely separated regions of
the earth, but Is most plentiful on the
coast of the Mediterranean, where
limestone abounds. It is frequently
met with on the coast of Italy, where
wuole limestone beaches are honey
combed with its holes. It Is still a
disputed point among naturalists as to
how this boring Is effected. Some
tmnk that the mollusk secretes some
acid which softens the limestone, but
others think that the holes are bored
by the simple mechanical process of
grinding. The preponderance of opin
ion appears to He with the latter view
at present, yet It is said that no one
has yefbeen able to catch the Fholas
at work. St. Louis Republic.
She-bear me. Whydon't they teach
choruses to sing intelligibly? It Is so
aggravating to be unable to distinguish
the words. He You don't know yout
luck. I have read the libretto. Indian
apolis Journal.
"Country's gone to the dogs; no hope
for It!" "Too bad! Just had an elec
tion, haven't your "Yes." "Well,
wasn't It a fair one?" "Oh, yesl But
t was beat, 6lr plum beat" Atlanta
Constitution, .
Pine Tree Chips Gathered From the
Fourth Estate Field,
Juvenile CrlmlnnlsIJcvcnuo Collec
tions Burclara Sentenced to Die.
Paid All Its Expenses.
"Student," writing from Greensboro
to the Raleigh News & Observer, says:
"The Legislature of our State meets on
a very unfortunate day. On the Ct'
the superior planets Saturn and Uranus
are in conjunction, and the moon, is
evilly aspecting both, from which we
may infer that there will be but little
good resulting from this session; on
the contrary, a general parrot and mon
key time will ensue, and the people
will have cause for thouhtfuIne,
when after dipgusting the whole State
with their antics they fchall finally ad
journ. January 14tb, 2l6t and Febru
ary 17th and 18 are days which are par
ticularly likely to see a rumpus among
the lawmakers.
"When they meet on the 10th to
elect a Senator, the influenoes are not
propitious, yet there is one good Lunar
aspect to the planet Mars, and it would
not surprise me if a leader is developed
who may be described a martial man.
The planet Mars at the time will be in
the sign Gemini, and this position
gives a ierson of rather tall stature,
brown hair, gray eyes, ruddy or f an-
fuine complexion, strong body, big
ones, long arms. In disposition he is
rash, free aad generous, independent,
ambitious and aspiring, and by foroo
of will may win. If such a man ap
pears on the scene, he will likely be
master of, or contract the situation,
and either be elected Senator or elect
whom he may desire."
Juvenile Criminals.
The following is taken from Superin
tendent of the Penitentiary Leazer's
annual report: "Mr. Leaner thinks that
with the criminal class of mature years
there is little hope of reform. With
the younger class the chances are bet
ter, out there can be little hope of re
formation where they re in constant
contact with older and hardened men
acquainted with every form and device
of criminality. If the boys and girls
can be entirely isolated ana given men
tal and moral as well as industrial
training, altogether separate and apart
from the penitentiary, come of them
may be reared to be fairly good men
and women; and if this much is
true, certainly the effort might be made.
A juvenile reformatory will be a charge
upon the State, doubtless, to eome ex
tent; so rare are charitable institutions.
If established it should be separate and
distinct from the penitentiary. There
are AO youths in the penitentiary under
the age of 10 years. One of them en
tered at 9 years, was discharged at 14,
and returned within five mouths. .
Revenue Collections.
Cashier Brenizcr. of Collector Rog
ers' offic, reports that the revenue col
lections for the fifth district of North
Carolina during the month of Decem
ber were:
Tobacco. ... ,,.. t.. 74,185 20
Spiyits.- .- 80,223 83
Snuff.. ..v-. 19 8
Cigars. ,-.. v 19 80
Cigarettes. . ; 2:5 50
Special tix. .te...-i-.i !28 9fl
Miscellaneous. . ...,. ,v..- 8
Total-,. . . v'i(2li 08
These amounts wers collected at the
various offices as follows:
Winston $03,000 73
Statenville 67,800 16
Asheville 84,057 40
MtAiry 0,840 00
Burglars Sentenced to Die.
The dates for tho execution of threo
burglars have been set by Gov. Carr.
they were found guilty and sentenced
to hang by tho lower court. An opeal
was taken to tho Supreme court, but
that did not grant a new trial, so the
judgment of the lower court must bo
carried out The executions are all set
for February 8. Ihe condemned men
are: James Johnson, of Mecklenburg,
and George Cody and William Cody,
brothers, of Madison county. Neither
of the Codies are in custody, having
made their escape from $ail. Governor
Carr set the date for their execution, so
that if they are ever captured the pen
alty of the law may be imposed upon
Paid All Its Expenses.
The annual report of the State peni
tentiary shows tnat there are 1,145 con
victs, of whom 8o0 are employed on
leased farms where they cultivate 11,
000 acres. The penitentiary paid all
its expenses last year and has a cash
balance of over $J3,000
In Wilkes county, Mansfield Parsons,
15 years old, the son of a widow, com
mitted suicide, to spite his mother, for
whipping him. The boy hanged him
self with the same strap his mother
punished him with. He only lived r
few hours after he was found.
J E. Cowles, one of Winston's larg
est leaf tobacco dealers, has assigned,
naming F. K. Giay trustee. Bekei
leaf tobacco, tho asetts include real es
tate, cto. 'ihe liabilities are not given.
"Sawyer, I've cured my wife' lnsom-
ala." "How did you do It?" "Had the
maid get up and ring the rising bell lu
the middle of the nlihf Chicago Rec
ird. It appears to be a common practice,
tbout both New York and Boston, not
to have school on rainy days. No
Kcnbt the objection is that the chil
dren catch cold sitting in damp
tlolhos, explains Harper's Weekly.
In a recenf election In Waterbury,
Conn., the bicycle vote defeated George
Tracy, a candidate for selectman, tbo
only man on the Republican ticket who
was not elected. He was opposed to
the good roads movement 4

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