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PUBLISHED WEEKLY. JAKES H. YOUJTQ, ...Editor and Proprietor. I J. ja-lTra At.. SUBSCRIPTION One year, - - -Six months. Three months - rates: $1.50 75 50 Entered at the Post-office for transmission through the United States mails as matter coming under second-class rates. UfAll communications intended for pub lication must reach the office by Tuesday morning. Anonymous letters will receive no attention. t3J" Address all communications to The Gazette, Raleigh, N. C. RALEIGH. N. C. MARCH 13,'1S97. THE INAUGURAL ADDRESS PRESI DENT M'KINLET'S VIEWS. The full text of President McKinley'a Inaugural Address is as follows: Fellow Citizens: In obedience to the will of the people, and in their presence, by the authority vested in me by this oatb, I assume the arduous and responsible du ties of President of the United States, re lying on the support of my countrymen and invoking the guidance of Almighty God. Our faith teaches us that there is no safer reliance than upon the God of our fathers, who has so singularly favored the American people in every National trial, and who will not forsake us so long as we obey His commandments and walk humbly in His footsteps. The responsibilities of the high trust to which I have been called always of grave importance are augmented by the pre vailing business conditions, entailing idle ness upon willing labor and loss to useful enterprises. The country is suffering from industrial disturbances from which speedy relief must be had. Our financial system needs some revision; our money is all good now, but its value must not further be threatened. It should all be put upon an enduring basis, not subject to easy attack, nor its stability to doubt or dispute. THE CURRENCY QUESTION. Our currency should continue under the supervision of the Government. The several forms of our paper money offer, in my judgment, a constant embarrass ment to the Government and a safe bal ance in the Treasury. Therefore I believe it necessary to devise a system which, without diminishing the circulating me dium or offering a premium for its con traction, will present a remedy for those arrangements which, temporary "in their nature, might well in the years of our prosperity have been displaced by wiser provisions. With adequate revenue se cured, but not until then, we can enter upon such changes in our fiscal laws as will, while insuring safety and volume to our money, no longer impose upon the Government the necessity of maintaining so large a gold reserve, with its attendant and inevitable temptations to speculation. Most of our financial laws are the out growth of experience and trial, and should not be amended without investigation and demonstration of the wisdom of the proposed changes. We must be both "sure we are right" and "make haste slowly." A CURRENCY COMMISSION FAVORED. If, therefore, Congress in its wisdom shall deem it expedient to create a com mission to take under early consideration the revision of our coinage, banking and currency laws, and give them that ex hsustive,caref ul and dispassionate exami nation that their importance demands, I shall cordially concur in such action. If -gr-hjrey.fr vested j1" " "" A - - ferent parties, who will command public confidence both on account of their ability and special fitness for the work. Busi ness experience and public training may thus be combined, and the patriotic zeal of the friends of the country be so di rected that such a report will be made as to receive the support of all parties, and our finances cease to be the subject of mere partisan contention. The experi ment is, at all events, worth a trial, and, in my opinion, it can but prove beneficial to the entire country. INTERNATIONAL BIMETALLISM. The question of international bimetal lism will have early and earnest atten tion. It will be my constant endeavor to secure it by co-operation with the other great commercial powers of the world. Until that condition is realized, when the parity between our gold and silver money springs from and is supported by the rel ative value of the two metals, the value of the silver already coined, and of that which may hereafter be coined, must be kept constantly at par with gold by every resource at our command. The credit of the Government, the integrity of its cur rency, and the inviolability of its obliga tions must be preserved. This was the commanding verdict of the people, and it will not be unheeded. ECONOMY AND REVENUE. Economy is demanded in every branch of the Government at all times, but espe cially in periods like the present of de pression in business and distress among the people. The severest economy must be observed in all public expenditures, and extravagance stopped wherever it is found and prevented wherever in the fu ture it may be developed. If the revenues are to remain as now, the only relief that can come must be from decreased expenditures. But the present must not become the permanent condition of the Government. It has been our uniform practice to retire, not increase, our outstanding obligations, and this policy must again be resumed and vigorously enforced. Our revenues should always be large enough to meet with ease and promptness not only our current needs and the principal and interest of the public debt, but to make proper and liberal provision for that most deserving body of publio creditors, the soldiers and sailors and the widows and orphans who are the pensioners of the United States. The Government should not be permit ted to run behind or increase its debt in times like the present. Suitably to pro vide against this is the mandate of duty; the certain and easy remedy for most of our financial difficulties. A deficiency is inevitable so long as the expenditures of the Government exceed its receipts. It can only be met by loans or an increased revenue. While a large annual surplus of revenue may invite waste and extrava gance, inadequate revenue creates dis trust and undermines public and private credit. - Neither should be encouraged. . MORE REVENUE NEEDED. Between more loans and more revenue there ought to be but one opinion. We should have more revenue, and that with out delay, hinderance or postponement. A surplus in the Treasury created by loans is not a permanent or safe reliance. It will suffice while it lasts, but it cannot last long while the outlays of the Govern ment are greater than its receipts, as has been the case during the last two years. Nor must it be forgotten that, however much such loans may temporarily Telieve the situation, the Government is still in debted for the amount of the surplus thus accrued, which it must ultimately pay, while its ability to pay is not strength ened, but weakened, by a continued de ficit. Loans are imperative in great emergencies to preserve the Government or its credit, but a failure to supply needed revenue in time of peace for its mainte nance of either has no justification. The beat way for the Government to maintain its credit ia to pay it goes not by resorting to loans, but by keeping out of debt through an adequate income secured by a system of taxation, external or internal or both. It is the settled policy of the Government, pursued from the be ginning and practiced by all parties and administrations, to raiae the bulk of our revenue from taxes upon foreign produc tions entering the United States for sale and consumption, and avoiding, for the most part, every form of direct taxation except in time of war. . TARIFF LEGISLATION NEEDED. The country is clearly opposed to any needless additions to the subjects of in ternal taxation, and is committed by its latest popular utterance to the system of tariff taxation. There can be no misun derstanding either about the principle upon which this tariff taxation shall be levied. Nothing has ever been made plainer at a general election than that the controlling principle in the raising of re venue from duties on imports is zealous care for American interests and American labor. The people have declared that such legislation should be had as will give ample protection and encouragement to the industries and the development of our country. It is, therefore, earnestly hoped and expected that Congress will at the earliest practicable moment enact re venue legislation that shall be fair, reasonable, conservative and just, and which, while supplying sufficient revenue for public purposes, will still be signally beneficial and helpful to every section and every enterprise of the people. . To this policy we are all, of whatever party, firmly bound by the voice of the people a power vastly more potential man me expression 01 any puuuuai plat form. The paramount duty of Congress is to stop deficiencies by the restoration of that protective legislation which has alwys been the firmest prop of the Treas ury. The passage of such a law or laws would strengthen the credit of the Gov ernment both at home and abroad, and go far toward stopping the dram upon the gold reserve held for the redemption of our eurrency which has been heavy and well-nigh constant for several years. RECIPROCITY. In the revision of the tariff especial at tention should be given to the re-enact ment and extension of the recipocity prin ciple of the law of 1890, under which so great a stimulus was given to our foreign trade in new and advantageous markets for our surplus agricultural and manu factured products. The brief trial given this legislation amply justifies a further experiment and additional discretionary power in the making commercial treaties, the end in view always to be the opening up of new markets of the products of our country, by granting concessions to the products of other lands that we need and cannot produce ourselves, and which do not involve any loss of labor to our own people, but tend to increase their employ ment. The depression of the last four years has fallen with especial severity upon the great body of toilers of the country, and upon none more than the holders of small farms. Agriculture has languished aud labor suffered. The revival of manufac turing will be a relief to, both. No por tion of our population is more devoted to the institutions of free Government nor more loyal in their support, while none bears more cheerfully or fully its proper share in the maintenance of the Govern ment or is better entitled to its wise and liberal care and protection. Legislation helpful to producers is beneficial to all. The depressed condition of industry on the farm and in the mine and factory has lessened the ability of the people to meet the demands upon them, and they right fully expect that not only a system of re venue shall be established that will secure the largest income with the least burden, but that every means will be taken to de- pruUllHlUg. IE W1U Uuie W iwioit the prosperity of former years. If we cannot promptly attain it, we can reso lutely turn our faces in that direction and aid its return by friendly legislation. However troublesome the situation may appear, Congress will not, I am sure, be found lacking in disposition or ability to relieve it, as far as legislation can do so. The restoration of confidence and the re vival of business, which men of all par ties so much desire, depend more largely upon ths prompt, energetic and intelli gent action of Congress than upon any other single agency affecting the situa tion. It is inspiring, too, to remember that no great emergency in the one hundred and eight years of our eventful National life has ever arisen that has not been met with wisdom and courage by the Ameri can people, with fidelity to their best in terests and highest destiny, and to the honor of the American name. Those years of glorious history have exalted mankind and advanced the cause of free dom throughout the world, and immea surably strengthened the precious free institutions which we enjoy. The people love and will sustain these institutions. PUBLIC ORDER TO BE MAINTAINED. The great essential to our happiness and prosperity is that we adhere to the principles upon which the Government was established, and insist upon their faithful observance. Equality of rights must prevail and our laws be always and everywhere respected and obeyed. We may have failed in the discharge of our full duty as citizens of the great Republic, but it is consoling and encouraging to realize that free speech, a free press, free thought, free schools, the free and un molested right of religious liberty and worship, and free and fair elections are dearer and more universally enjoyed to day than ever before. These guarantees must be sacredly preserved and wisely strengthened. The constituted author ities must be cheerfully and vigorously upheld. Lynchings muse not be tolerated in a great and civilized country like the United States; courts not mobs must execute the penalty of the law. The pre servation of public order, the right of dis cussion, the integrity of courts and the orderly administration of justice must continue forever the rock of safety upon which our Government securely rests. One of the lessons taught by the late election which all can rejoice in is that the citizens of the United States are both law-respecting and law-abiding people, not easily swerved from the path of pat riotism and honor. This is in entire ac cord with the genius of our institutions, and but emphasizes the advantages of in culcating even a greater love for law and order in the future. Immunity should be granted to none who violate the laws, whether individuals, corporations, or communities; and as the Constitution im poses upon the President the duty of both its own execution and of the statutes en acted in pursuance of its provisions, L shall endeavor carefully to carry them into effect. OPPOSED TO TRUSTS. The declaration of the party now re stored to power has been in the past that of "opposition to all combinations of capi tal organized in trusts or otherwise to control arbitrarily the condition of trade among our citizens," and it has supported "such legislation as will prevent the exe cution of all schemes to oppress the peo fi ple by undue charges on their supplies or y unjust rates for the transportation of their products to market." This purpose will be steadily pursued, both by the en forcement of the laws now in existence and the recommendation and support of such new statutes as may be necessary to carry them into effect. IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION. Our naturalization and immigration laws' should be further improved, to the 00 lie taut promotion of a safer, a better and a higher citizenship. A grave peril to the Republic would be a citizenship too ignorant to understand or too vicious to appreciate the great value and benefi cence of our institutions and laws; and against all who come here to make war upon them our gates must be promptly and tightly closed. Nor must we be un mindful of the need of improvement among our own citizens, but with the zeal of our forefathers encourage the spread of knowledge and free institutions. Illiteracy must be banished from our land if we shall attain that high destiny as the foremost of the enlightened na tions of the world, which, under Provi dence, we ought to achieve. GENUINE CIVIL SERVICE REFORM. Reforms in the Civil Service must go on. But the changes should be real and genuine, not perfunctory or prompted by a zeal in behalf of any party simply be cause it happens to be in power. As a member of Congress I voted and spoke in favor of the present law, and I shall attempt its enforcement in the spirit in which it was enacted. The purpose in view was to secure the most efficient ser vice of the best men who would accept appointment under the (lovernment, re taining faithful and devoted public ser vants in office, but shielding none, under the authority of any rule or custom, who are inefficient, incompetent or unworthy. The best interests of the country demand this, and the people heartily approve the law wherever and whenever it nas been thus administered. RESTORATION OF THE MERCHANT MARINE. . Congress should give prompt attention to the restoration of our American mer chant marine, once the pride of the seas in all the great ocean highways of com merce. To my mind, few more impor tant subjects so imperatively demand its intelligent consideration. The United States has progressed with marvellous rapidity in every field of enterprise and endeavor until we have become foremost in nearly all the great lines of inland trade, commerce and industry. Yet, while this is true, our American mer chant marine has been steadily declining, until it is now lower, both in the percent age of tonnage and the number 01 ves sels employed; than it was prior to the civil war. Com mendable progress has been made of late years in the upbuilding of the Ameri can Navy; but we must supplement those efforts by providing as a proper consort for it a merchant marine amply sufficient for our own carrying trade to foreign couutries. The question is one that ap peals both to our business necessities and the patriotic aspirations of a great people. It has been the policy of the United States since the foundation of the Gov ernment to cultivate relations of peace and amity with all nations of the world, and this accords with my conception of our duty now. We have cherished the policy of non-interference with the affairs of foreign Governments, wisely inaugurated by Washington, keeping ourselves free from entanglement either as allies or foes, content to leave undisturbed with them the settlement of their own domes tic concerns. It will be our aim to pur sue a firm and dignified foreign policy, which shall be just, impartial, ever watch ful of our national honor, and always insisting upon the enforcement of the lawful rights of American citizens every where. THE ARBITRATION TREATY FAVORED. We want no wars of conquest; we must avoid the temptation of territorial ag gression. War should never be entered upon until every agency of peace has failed; peace in preferable to war in al most every contingency. Arbitration is the true method of settlement of inter national as well as local or individual differences. It was recognized as the best means of adjustment of differences JLtion was extended to our diplomatic TOjjationg by the unanimous concurrence of the Senate and Honse of the Fifty first Congress in 1890. The latter reso lution was accepted as the basis of nego tiations with us by the British House of Commons in 1893, and upon our invita tion a treaty of arbitration between the United States and Great Britain was signed at Washington and transmitted to the Senate for its ratification in Jan uary last. Since this treaty is clearly the result of our own initiative, since it has been rec ognized as the leading feature of our for eign policy throughoutour entire national history the adjustment of difficulties by judicial methods rather than force of arms and since it presents to the world the glorious example of reason and peace, not passion and war, controlling the re lations between two of the greatest na tions of the world, an example certain to be followed by others, I respectfully urge the early action of the Senate thereon, not 11 erely as a matter policy, but as a duty to mankind. The impor tance and moral influence of the ratifi cation of such a treaty can hardly be overestimated in the cause of advancing civilization. It may well engage the best thought of the statesmen and people of every country, and I cannot but consider it fortunate that it was reserved to the United States to have the leadership in so grand a work. AN EXTRA SESSION NEEDED. It has been the uniform practice of each President to avoid, as far as possible, the convening of Congress in extraordi nary session. It is an example which, under ordinary circumstances and in the absence of a public necessity, is to be commended. But a failure to convene the representatives of the people in Con gress in extra session when it involves neglect of a public duty, places the re sponsibility of such neglect upon the Executive himself. The condition of the public Treasury, as has been indicated, demands the immediate consideration of Congress. It alone has the power to pro vide revenue for the Government. Not to convene it under such circumstances, I can view in no other sense than the neglect of plain duty. I do not sympathize with the sentiment that Congress in session is dangerous to our general business interests. Its mem bers are the agents of the people, and their presence at the seat of Government in the execution of the sovereign will should not operate as an injury, but a benefit. There could be no better time to put the Goverment upon a sound fi nancial and economic basis than now. The people have only recently voted that this should be done, and nothing is more binding 'upon the agents of their will than the obligation of immediate action. It has always seemed to me that the post ponement of the meeting of Congress until more than a year after it has been chosen deprived Congress too often of the inspi ration of the popular will, and the country of the corresponding benefits. ACTION MUST NOT BE POSTPONED. It is evident, therefore, that to post pone action in the presence of so great a necessity would be unwise on the part of the Executive, because unjust to the in terests of the people. Our actions now will be freer from mere partisan consider ation than if the question of tariff revis ion was postponed until the regular ses sion of Congress. We are nearly two years from a congressional election, and politics cannot so greatly distract us as if such contest was immediately pending. We can approach the pr oblem calmly and patriotically without fearing its effect upon an early election. Our fellow- citizens who may disagree with us upon the char acter of this legislation prefer to have the question settled now, even against their preconceived views, and perhaps settled so reasonably, and I trust and be lieve it will be, as to insure great perma nence, than to have further uncertainty menacing the vast and varied business interests of the United States. Again, whatever action Congress may take will be given a fair opportunity for trial be fore the people are called to pass judg ment upon it, and this I consider a great essential 10 the rightful and lasting set tlementof tm question. In view or tneso considerations I shall deem it my duty as President to convene Congress in ex traordinary session on Monday, the 15th day of March, 1897. COUNTRY'S FRATERNAL SPIRIT. In conclusion, I congratulate the coun try upon the fraternal spirit of the peo ple and the manifestations f good-will everywhere so apparent. The recent election not only most fortunately de monstrated the obliteration of sectional or geographical lines, but to some extent also the prejudices which for years have distracted our councils and marred our true greatness as a nation. The triumph of the people, whose verdict is carried into effect to day, is not the triumph of one section, nor wholly of one party, but of all sections and all the people. The North and the South no longer divide on the old lines, but upon principles and policies, and in this fact sure every lover of the country can find cause for true felicitation. Let us rejoice in and cultivate this spirit; it is ennobling and will be both a gain and blessing to our beloved country. It will be my constant aim to do nothing and permit nothing to be done that will arrest or disturb this growing sentiment of unity and co-operation, this revival of esteem and affiliation which now ani mates so many thousands in both the old antagonistic sections, but I shall cheer fully do everything possible to promote and increase it. Let me again repeat the words of the oa h administered by the Chief Justice, which, in their respective spheres, so far as applicable, I would have all my coun trymen observe: "I will faithfully exe cute the office of President of the United States, and will, to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Consti tution of the United States." This is the obligation I have reverently taken before the Lord Most High. To keep it will be my single purpose; my constant prayer, and I' shall cor-fidently rely upon the for bearance and assistance of all the people in the discharge of my solemn responsi bilities. THE CABINET CONFIRMED. The new President, according to cus tom, has sent the names of the men who are to serve as his cabinet advisers to the Senate, and after a brief delay the de liberative branch of Congress confirmed all the members. The list of cabinet offi cers sent in was as follows: Secretary of State John Sherman, of Ohio. Secretary of the Treasury Ly man J. Gage, of Illinois. Secretary of War Russell A. Alger, of Michigan. Attorney-General Joseph McKenna, of California. Postmaster-General James A. Gary, of Maryland. Secretary of the Navy John D. Long, of Massachusetts. Secretary of the Interior Cornelius N. Bliss, of New York. Secretary of Agriculture James Wil son, of Iowa. As a personal compliment Mr. Sher man's nomination was confirmed without the formality of a reference to the For eign Relations Committee. The other names were sent to the appropriate com mittees, which, after a short recess, re ported them back favorably, and formal confirmation was then made. Mr. Teller made some criticisms from an extreme free coinage point of view on the choice of Mr. Gage as the head of the Treasury Department, and as a Westerner complained a little bitterly of the be stowal of IheJTjiterior Department on Mr Bliss, an Eastern man, ancT, what ' was worse, a New Yorker. Mr. Hoar and others combated Mr. Teller's objections, and after some further exchange of views the selections were approved. It is understood that Senator Sherman will not enter on his duties at the State Department until Monday, Mr. Olney having consented to hold over until then. Most of the other new cabi net officers will probably be installed to morrow. Mr. Bliss, the incoming Secretary of the Interior, made a call this morning on Mr. Francis, the outgoing head of that department. The outgoing Secretary and President McKinley's choice for the portfolio at once retired to the email room in the southeast corner of the building, which Mr. Francis has used as a work room, and were closeted there for two hours in conversation. Mr. Francis in that time gave his successor a rapid but clear and businesslike account of the du ties of the office, the pending unfinished business before the Secretary, and some of the officials who, under the recent ex tension of the civil service classification, will remain in close proximity to the Sec retary, and on whom he must rely for advice in matters of administration. Mr. Gary called at the Post-offie De partment this morning and introduced himself to Postmaster-General Wilson. The two saff down at the Postmaster-Gen-eral's desk and entered into an informal talk about Department affairs. Mr. Wil son first told Mr. Gary something of the routine of the Department, then gave an account of the various Presidential post offices where contests had occurred and for which nominations were pending before the Senate, and then gave him some idea of the various appropriations for the current year, and of those for the next fiscal year. Mr. Gary said he would inform Mr. Wilson when it would be agreeable for him to take the oath of office and enter on his duties. . Ex-Representative James Wilson, of Iowa, called on Secretary Morton, at the Agricultural Department, had a confiden tial chat with him about Department affairs, and also met some of the leading officials, with most of Whom.be has been acquainted for several years, while he has been connected with the Iowa Agri cultural College and Experiment Station. The last of the new Cabinent members to arrive in the city was John D. Long, the Secretary of the Navy. He reached here this morning with his daughter, Miss Helen Long. They went to the Cochran Hotel, where they will remain until about April 1st, when Secretary Long will go to his home and bring his family here. THE CABINET. It does not seem to occur to most peo- )le that the Cabinet of President McKin ey is one selected for work and not for display, or for the distribution of patron age. It is not a gathering of boys. Secre tary Sherman was born before 1830, and Secretary. McKenna after 1840, but the six remaining members were born be tween 1830 and 1840. The grand old vet eran, who was at the birth of the Repute lican party and entered Congress forty two years ago as a Republican, heads the list, and Attorney:General McKenna, of California, born in 1843, but since he was twenty-two years old highly esteemed as a lawyer, and in later years as a judge, is its youngest member. Messrs. Bliss and Gary were born in 1833, Profess Wilson in 1835, Secretary Gage in 1836, General Alger in 1837 and Governor Long in 1838. In birthplace Sherman and Alger are from Ohio, Long from Maine, Bliss from Massachusetts and Gary from Connecti cut, Gage from New York, McKenna from Philadelphia and Wilson from Scot land. Their business activities and lives represent Massachusetts. New York. Maryland, Ohio, Michigan, Illinois, Iowa and California aa reasonable a geograph ical division as could be desired. - Respecting public position, Mr. Sher man has been in active service forty-two years, a leading Representative in Con gress, a Senator, a Secretary of the Treas ury who achieved resumption of specie payments, and emce a Senator. Mr. Long has been Governor of Massachusetts, and General Alger of Michigan, and it ia no secret that Messrs. Bliss and Gage, ex cept for unwillingness to leave business duties, might have held high office in their States. Mr. Wilson has been in Con gress, but is more widely known for bis services as professor of the Iowa Agricul tural College, and Judge McKenna has been in Congress, but has won greater reputation on the Bench. Mr. Gary, an Abolitionist when that name wo a one of reproach, a Republican of old-time and unwavering faith, though long shut out of public service by Democratic machi nery and its resulting majorities in Mary land, has in his own State as high appre ciation and honor as others who have enjoyed a surrounding atmosphere of greater honesty and freedom. The duties to w hich these men are called are to a large extent those for which they have especial training. Senator Sherman has been eo long on the Committee of Foreign Relations that be has little to learn about the duties of the high office which he accepts. Mr. Gage has distin guished himself by making a Chicago bank scarcely second in volume of If giti mate business to any other in the coun try, and as Preeident of the World's Fair displayed great executive ability. Gen eral Alger was a soldier of merit, and has been honored by his former comrades, and it would be difficult to suggest a man better qualified for the post of Secretary of Agriculture than the Professor of the Iowa College. Judge McKenna leaped into the front rank as a lawyer early in life, and has since won distinction aa a Judge. Governor Long, Mr. Gary and Mr. Bliss possess business and executive abilities, and are believed to be equal to the new responsibilities they have as eumed. It is a Cabinet for practical work, and not mere parade. It is also a Cabinet of warm and sincere friends of the Preei dent, and much will be expected of it in making the new administration a success. . PRESIDENTIAL SUCCESSION PROBLEMS. Constitutions and laws are prone not to provide against remote contingencies, This is well enough, so far as trivial pos sibilities are concerned, but there are cases in which such neglect is unjustifia ble. It is not wise, for example, to ignore the fact that the death of a President elect would at least leave the succession open to discussion, and might produce dangerous complications. Secretary her man is on record, we believe, as holding that the Vice-President-elect would not have an impregnable constitutional title to the Presidency in that case, though he might succeed by common consent. He certainly could not take the office of Pre sident in succession to a President-elect who had never held it, nor could he take it by virtue of his quality as Vice-President-elect, which legally is not an official quality at all. But there is, on the other band, much force in the argument that, having become Vice-President in strict accordance with the Constitution, he would immediately then after become President, in succession not to the de ceased President-elect, but to the actual outgoing President, through whose re moval by the expiration of his term the office had become vacant. Ia ca.-e both- the President elect and the Vice President-elect should die, the question would become still more complicated, but in that emergency the same reasoning would seem to show that the outgoing Secretary of State, whdse term does not expire by limitation on a fixed date, would succeed in place of the outgoing President. A state of affairs involving different problems would arise if the person desig nated for Preeident at the popular elec tion should die prior to the meetings of the r 1 ;cV"-al colleges. In that case, it nily be"8ald,"the70riginal deliberative function and independent choice of the I--.'wrc rould be restored; but it is ex-tiw-c'y ' ubtful if popular opinion or the consent of the successful party would leave the decision to the electors. It is more probable that a National convention would be called to make a nomination which the electors would infallibly ratify. The range of possibilities might be still greater in the case of the electors having already met and voted for a candidate who was dt stined todie prior to the count ing of their votes by Congress. For under those conditions it seems certain that the electors would have nothing further to do with the matter.. In strict truth there would be no electors, for having met and acted they would have performed their sole function, would have ceased to exist officially, and would be beyond the possi bility of resurrection. The proceedings following the death of Mr. Greeley throw little light on the subject, for he was an unsuccessful candidate; his death a few days after the popular election did not disturb its result; in reality the Greeley electors did not concentrate their votes, and though some curious questions arose in the counting of the votes in Congress, no important point was conclusively set tled. These are the serious problems per haps not all of them that would arise to perplex if not to endanger the country in consequence of a calamity which it is foolish to regard as too improbablo to re quire consideration merely because it has never occurred. The death of Mr. Gree ley soon after his defeat and the death of the elder Harrison soon after his inaugu ration forcibly suggest a contingency which the country will presumably not escape forever. It is tiie part of wisdom to provide against the dangers of a situa tion which may arise in any fourth year, and which is almost certain to arise in the indefinite future. And the time to propose the adoption of simple and effi cient safeguards is at the beginning of a new Administration, when the machin ery of Government is running securely in compliance with the Constitution, and there is ample time to establish the con ditions of safety before the approach of another period of indecision. . THE ASYLUM BILL. The General Assembly of North Carolina do enact: Section 1. That section 2240 of The Code be amended by striking out the following words: "The State Hospital, as amended by Act of 1891, chapter 15, located near Morganton, shall be and remain a corpo ration under that name; and the Eastern North Carolina Hospital, located near Goldsboro, shall be and remain a corpo ration under that name: the State Insane Asylum, near Raleigh," Xhe charters of said hospitals by whatever name, and all act's amendatory of said charters are hereby repealed. Sec. 2. The State Hospital for the Col ored Insane, located near Goldsboro, and the Western Hospital for the Insane, lo cated near Morganton, the Central Hos pital for the Insane, near Raleigh, be and the same are hereby created and consti tuted corporations with all the powers, rights and privileges heretofore held and exercised by the North Carolina Hospital, and the State Hospital and the North Carolina Insane Asylum respectively. Sec. 3. That sections 2241, 2242, 2243, 2244 and all other sections t f chapter 2. volume 2, of the Code be amended by striking out the words, " The North Caro lina Insane Asylum, and State Hospital," wherever they occur in said chapter or any act amendatory thereof, and insert ing in lieu thereof the words, " The West ern Hospital for the Insane," and by striking out the words, "The Eastern North Carolina Hospital"; and "The North Carolina Insane Asylum" wher ever they occur in said sections, and in chapter 2, volume 2 of The Code, or any act of the General Assembly amendatory thereof, and inserting in lieu thereor the words. "The State Hospital for the Col- ored Insane." the " Western Hospital for 1 the Insane," and the "Central Hospital for the Insane," and as thus amended, said sections and chapter 3, volume 3 of The Code, except as hereinafter provided, are re-enacted. Sec. 4. That the Eastern Hospital for the Colored Insane, the Central Hospital for the Insane, and the Western Hospital for the Insane are hereby incorporated and shall be under the management of nine trustees to be nominated by the Gov ernor and confirmed by the Senate, who shall hold their offices for the term of four years from and after their appoint ment, and the provisions of volume 2, chapter 2 of The Code, applicable to the directors of the North Carolina Insane Asylum, not in conflict with the provis ions of this act, are hereby made applica ble to the Board of Trustees of the State Hospital for the Colored Insane, the Cen tral Hospital for the Insane, and the West ern Hospital for the Insane, and as modi fied by this act are hereby re-enaced. Sec. 5. That the office of Superintend ent of the Eastern North Carolina Hos pital, North Caroliba Insane Asylum, and the North Carolina Hospital for the In sane, are hereby abolished. Sec. 6. That the Board of Trustees for each of the hospitals herein provided for shall at thfir first meeting under this act, elect a Principal and Preeidmt, whtBsj terms of office shall each be for four years, and each shall receive an annual salary of $2,500 ; and in addition to the duties heretofore imposed on the ttuper intendent of said hospital, they shall dis charge such duties as the Trustees may require by regulations for the govern ment of said hospital. That chapter 2. volume 2 of The Code shall in all respects apply to the corporations hereby created except as modified by eectine 0 of Ibis act. Sec. 7. That immediately upon the rati fication of this act the Secretary of State shall furnish the Governor a certified copy thereof, and immediately upon the con firmation by the Senate the Secretary of State shall notify each Trustee of his ap pointment, and the Trustee for the West ern Hospital shall assemble at Morganton 00 the 9th day of March 1897, next; and the Trustees for the Central Hospital shall assemble at Raleigh on the same day; and the Trustees of the Eastern Hospital shall assemble at Goldsboro on the same day, and ehall organize under this act by elect ing such officers as they may deem for the best interest of each of said hospitals. Sec. 8. It is not the intention of the General Assem bly that the Trustees herein provided for shall be officers of the mean ing of section 7, of article 14, of the Con stitution, and they are declared to be special trustees for the special purpose of inn act. Sec. 9. All laws and clauses of laws in consistent or in conflict with this act are hereby repealed. Sec. 10. This act shall be in force from and after its ratification. Appointment of Directors. The Committee on Buildings and Grounds yesterday elected Rev. J. L. Burns, of Martin county, keeper of the capitol. It was announced from the Executive office that Dr. Monroe, of the medical de prrtmentuf Davidson College, will suc ceed Dr. Murphy as Superintendent of the Insane Asylum at Morganton Governor RussfII sent hi appointments of directors for the various State institu tions and other officers to the St-nate yes terday for confirmation. The Senate went into executive sessi n and confirmed all the appointments. A strong fight was made against J. Y. Hamrick, of Cleve land, for Commissioner of Labor Statis tics for the term of two years. He was finally confirmed, however, by a vote of 24 to 21. The following are the appointments: FOR DIRECTORS OF THE STATE PRISON. Claudius DcwkeTyTTRIchmiyCoTl H. Chad bourn, of New Hanover: E. T. Clark, of Halifax: Hinnon Hughes, of Alamance; M. M. Peace, of Vance; R. R. Cotton, ct Pitt: George H. Cannon, of Brunswick; A. Y. Sigmon, of Catawba; J. J. Perkins, of Pitt, each for a term of four years. FOR MEMBERS OF THE BOARD OF INTER NAL IMPROVEMENTS. Charles A. Cook, of Warren; J. C. L. Harris, of Wake, each for two years. FOR THE STATE HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE AT GOLDSBORO. Rufus Ham, of Wayne; F. N. Husney, of Tyrrell; C. S. Wooten, of Lenoir; John S. Leary, of Mecklenburg; W. M. Hen derson, of Vance; Dr. J. E. Penon, of Wayne; Dr. John B. 8picer, of Wayne; John J. Sharpe, of Nash; Rev. Joseph Perry, of Wake, each for a term of four years. FOR THE TRUSTEES OF THE WESTERN HOS PITAL FOR THE INSANE AT MORGAN TON. V. S. Lusk, of Buncombe; Dr. Henry Mott, of Iredell; Dr. E. Q. Hueeton, of Mecklenburg; T. Geo. Walton, of Burke; Samuel Huffman, of Burke; John Pear. Born of Burke; Lee Whitener, of Catawba; A. C. Sharpe, of Iredell, and L. A. Aber nathy, of Lincoln, each for a term of four years. t FOR TRUSTEES OF THE CENTRAL HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE AT RALEIGH. J. D. Biggs, of Martin; Dr. B. S. TJtley, of Wake; Dr. Phil. J. Macon, of Warren; Rev. T. T, Speight, of Bertie; Dr. Pale mon John, of Pasquotank: William A. Deans, of Wayne; Dr. B. T. Person, of Wilson; M. L. Wood, of Bertie; Geo. B. Curtis, of Halifax, each for a 'term of four gears. FOR COMMISSIONERS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. For the State at Large: W. C. Sprinkle, of Madison, for four years; Howard Brown, of Warren, for six yeors; J. Dow Mault8by, of Columbus, for four years; J. L. Ramsey, of Wake, for four years; J. Wm. Bailey, of Wake, for two years. FOR CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS. First John Brady, of Gates, for two years. Second Benj. F. Aycock, of Wayne, for two years. Third Hill E. King, of Onslow, for four years. Fourth R. B. Lineberry, of Chatham, for two years. Fifth R. J. Joyce, of Rockingham, for six years. Sixth Geo. E. Flow, of Union, for six years. Seventh S. F. Shore, of Yadkin, for four years Eighth J. C. Ray, of Watauga, for six years. v Ninth James M. Allen, of Rutherford, for six years. FOR TRUSTEES OF THE NORTH CAROLINA COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE AND ME CHANIC ARTS. For the State at Large: Col. L. C Ed wards, of Granville, for six years; J. C. L. Harri?, of Wake, for six years; D. G. Butler, of Vance, for four years; W. G. Pool, of Pa quotank, for six years; J. W. Hardin, Jr., of Wake, for four years. F r the Congressional Districts: First E. V. Cox. cf Pitt, for six years. -Second Henry G. Connor, of Wilson, for two years. Third Dr. Matt. Moore, of Duplin', for four years. Fourth B. R. Lacy, of Wake, for two years. Fifth J. L. Waller, of Alamance, for four years. Sixth Henry E. Bonitz, of New Han over, for two years. Seventh Dr. 'M. D. Kimbrough, of Davie, for four years. Eighth Dr. B. F. Dixon, of Cleveland, for two years. Ninth James J. Britt. of Mitchell, for six years. TRUSTEES OF THE NORTH CAROLINA IN8TI- TUTION FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. Benin ruin F. Montagu, of Wake, for a term of six years, ending March 2, 1903, to tucoeed himself; James H. Young, of Wake, for a term of six years, ending March 2, 1903, to succeed Jas. A. Briggs; Benj. N. Duke, of Durham, for the un expired term of two j ears of II. C. Her ring, ending Marcu a, u. Thos. Bai ley, of Wake, for the unexpired term of two years of C. D. Heartt, ending March 2, 1899; Kemp W. Mrritt, of Wake, for the unexpired term of four years of J. J, Rogers, ending March 2, 1901. POSITION WANTED ! Mr. Thos. M aben, a first-class horseman. Can produce good recommendations. For further particulars, call at 229 So. Person street. v LIMITED DOUBLE DAILY SERVICE TO ATLANTA. CHARLOTTE. AUGUSTA. ATHENS. WILMINGTON. NEW ORLEANS, CHATTANOOGA, NASHNILLE, AND NEW YORK, BOSTON, PHILADELPHIA, WASHINGTON, NORFOLK, RICHMOND. BOUTIIBOUND. No. 403. No. 41. LvNew York, via Pa. R.K. 1 1 00 am 00 nra "Philadelphia, 112 pm 12 05 am Baltimore, " 8 15 ' J50 " " Washington, 4 40 " 4 W) Richmond, via A. CL. M " 8 05 " Lv Norfolk." via S. A7L 8 8.1 fni 5Veni " Portsmouth, . S 45 pm 8 20 " Lv Weldon, via S. A. ! I VW pin ilMam Arllendcrnon, i ... - W rn !W pm ArDurhain, yimH. A.L.Z.'. t siam 4 09 pm Lv Durham. " f 5 20 pm til 10 am Ar Kaleiich, via M. A. L fT am DM pin " Han ford, " 8 Sfl " 6 OS ' Boul hern Pine, " 4 22 " 6 55 " "Hamlet, " . 6 10 6 68 " Wadenboro, 6 64 " 811 ' " Monroe, 6 4.1 " 12 ' Ar (Jhnrloil-e, via M. A. It.. 8 HOa in 7o 2."7n Ar CljfwUT, via M. A. Li Tip am J0 47 pm Lv Clumbla,(rNLT10tI . f 6 00 pni Ar Clinton, via hTaTCZZT h am 12 10 am " Greenwood, ' mmmm 10 K9 " 1 07 " " Abbe villa, " H05 140 Klberton, 12 07 pm 8 41 " "Athens, " 1 15 " 8 45 " Winder, 1 6H " 4 80 " " Atlanta, (Central Time) 2 60 6 20 NORTHBOUND. LvAtlanta,(0cn.Tre)8.A.L " Winder, via . A. L " Athena. " " Etberton, " Abbeville. M Greenwood, " " Clinton, Ar tvlulnbtM,(j.N.AL.lt.Tfi: No. 402. No. 88. 1200n'n ' 7 50 pm 10 42 11 2 " 12 83 am 1 40 " 8 08 " 8 05 " 2 40 pm 8 10 " 4 15 " 6 15 " 6 41 " 6 84 " 7 00 am 4 38 am 8h0 am 0? ara 815 " v Cheater, M. AIL . 813 pm 10 2 pm ArCharlotte, vlaH. A.TL. Lv Monroe, via 8. A. L " Hamlet, " Ar W'ilmi n'gton, " Lv Southern Pin en, ' " KalelKh, " ArHendemon, " .... ArKurlidin, via . A. 1. Lv Durham, " . Ar Weldon, via M. A. L " Richmond . " Wa.hlriK'n. via Pa. ICR. Halt I more, " Philadelphia, " 40 pm 11 23 ' J 580 am 1280 pm 8 20 a m 11 85 12 II "" 216 am 8 2H " 100 f i M am t 6 20 pm f 4 08 pm 10 am 4 6 urn 8 00 pm 6 60 " 11 10 M 12 4H am 8 46 ' 815 11 21 pm 1 43 pm 8 60 Dm new iorK, Ar Portsmouth, via H.A.L. " Norfolk, 7 km am 550 pm 6 05 " 7 Ml DaJJ Dally Ex.Bund'y. IDally F.t. Mon'y ' Noa. 403 and 402. "Th Aflnnfu NiyAt1 mnl. m Tnuuuieu 1 rain 01 j-unman rueepera ana Ooachea between WawhlnRton and Atlanta, alao Pullman K lee pern between Portsmouth and Cheater. H. V. Noa.41 and 88, "The H. A. L. Eiprewi" Holld Train, Coachea and Pullman Kleepcrs between PorUmouth and Atlanta, Company Hleepen between Columbia and Atlanta, Both train make Immediate connection at Atlanta for Montgomery, Mobile, New Urleann, Texan. California, Mexico, Chattanooga, Nanli Vllle, MemphU, Macon, Florida. For ticket, uleepem and Information, apply to Ticket Agent, or to ' 1L H. LEARD, Sol. Pans. Airt.. E. 8T. JOHN Vlce-Prea. and Gen. Maii. V. K McBKE, Oen. Huperlnlendent. H. W. B. UUJVKK, Traffic ManaKer. T. J. ANDERHON, Oen. Agent. General Offices; POIUHMUUTII, VA. WILMINGTON AND WEI.1KJN RAIL ROAD AND BRANCHEM, AND FLORENCE RAILROAD. CONDENSED BCH EDTJLE. A -XT 1 1 1. I . . . - . . . . . . TKAINH GOfNG H)01H (CorrocUKL) Leavs Weldon..... A ' . . ; A r. Rocky Monot 12 62 10 85 Leave Tarboro., . 12 Z1Z Lv .Rocky Moum 12 62 10 85 ZZZ. 5 45 12 45 Leava Wilaon. 2 05 11 16 6 20 2 12 Lv. FayettevUle 4 15 1 04 ......... ......... Arrive Florence- 6 65 8 15 P. M. A. M. Leave Goldiiboro ......... 7 03 8 10 aw,?1."?11" 4 16 Ar. Wlluilu(jtxjn 9 ho 6 45 TitATNallol K7TT17t tT 1 1 T1"' FeDb. ' S (oorrecuL & ilM.il Lv. Florence. . 8 4., 8 15 Lv. tayettevllie. 11 20 10 20 .. Leave Helma. 1 w ""1 . ZZ. Arrive WlUon.. 1 42 dToZZZ XiV. Wilmington. 7 "5 ?j 1- ?Laf??U 8 6fi 10 6V Lv. GoltUooro .. 10 10 12 01 T Mm A.M. P. M. P. M. Vv Wllaon l 4i 12 15 11 a, 12 48 Ar.Rocky Mount 8 8 12 63 11 to 1 20 Leave Tarbdro... 12 12 Arrive Weldon-. 8 8W 1 P. M-l A. M P. M day exoept Mondy. tDally except Hun- Train on the Sootland Neck Branch Road W1,?00 P. .. Halifax 4:M p. m. ; arrive BooUaud Neck at b:M p. mM Greenville r7 .P? Ktnavon 7:55 p. m. Returning, leaven Rl onion 7:50 a m G reenvll) e :62 a. rn. : arriving Halifax at 11:20 a. m., Weldon 11:40 a. m., dally except Hon Jay. Train on Waahlngton Branch leave Waah 1 nit ton 8:20 a, m. and 2p. m., arrive Parmele ?L10. ,m' nd 10 P' tn- returning leave Par-melelO-.lOa, m. and 6:80 p. arrive Wanb- Bunday U1 7M P" dUy IcePt Train leave Tarboro, N. a, dally, 6.30 p.m.; arrlvea Plymouth at 7:40 p. m. Returning, leavea Plymouth 7-') a, in., arrlvea Tarboro luHio a. m. Train on Midland, N. C, Branch leavee Goldiiboro dally, except Sunday, at 7:10 a. m. ; arriving Bmlthfleld at 8:iW a. in. Returning, leavea Bmlthfleld at V:0i a. m. arrive at Golda boro at Hr.Mt a. m. Tralna on Nashville Branch leave Rocky Mount at 4:80 p. m.; arrives NaMhvlile at 6:0u p. m., Bprlng Hope 6:.)0 p. in. Returning, leaves Bprlng Hope at H;W a. in., Naahvllle 8:85 a. m.; arrive at Rocky Mount at V:05 a.m. dally, except Bunday. Train on Clinton Branch leavea Waraaw for Clinton dally, except Bunday, at 11:15 a. ui. and 4:10 p.m. Returning, leaves Clinton at 7:00 a. m. and 8:00 p. m. Train No, 78 make doae connection at Wel don for all point North dally, all rail via. Richmond, alao at Rocky Mount with Nor folk and Carolina Railroad for Norfolk, and all point North via Norfolk. H. M. EMERSON, Gen'l Paa. Agent. J. R, KKNLY. General Manager. T. M. EMERHON, Trafflo Manager.