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The New York freeman. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1884-1887, March 07, 1885, Image 2

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THE freeman.
The Freeh ax Is Published every Saturday, at 4 Cedar
‘wreet, by T, THOMAS FORTUNE, to whom all column
atcattons should be directed.
PROF. T. MCCANTS STEWART, Uorrespondiog
Bditor.
Entered at the Post Office in New York City aa second
elaas matter. _____
NEW YORK, SATURDAY, MAR. 7, 1885.
President Cleveland.
The fourth of March has come and
gone. A revolution in the policy and
administration of our goverm^nd has been
effected by the transfer of the insignia ul
office to other hands than the^e winch h'n
held them since 1860. WdnW u ighty a: o
far-reaching changes have tak n phi e sit
that time in the institutioir- ail L- ling : <>
the Nation need no elabcrathm here. W<
all know them full veil,'for they brought t<
us liberated limbs and «nn Is ami the m.i; -
nifieent and sacred trust of Am Hum cil
zenship. God be prai^d for th gma! ben
efits which havi come to us siuce the D mo
cratic party went out of power i । 1 ?o0 and
came again into po ver in 1 35.
President Cleveland has m du an admira
ble beginning. His Cabinet is u> str mg i.
brains and as libera’ and progri s. ir. i,. s< n
ment as it was possible !■ r him to select
from the material from which lie Lad io
draw.
We have reasonable grounds for hoping
that the comprehensive and state>m;u:-hk<
outline of his policy in his inaugural ad Ires.'
will receive the hearty support of Mi. CR-ve
and’s advisers.
We are now' justified by Pr sident Ci> v -
land’s reference to us in the liew we took
when he was declare:', elected, that he wouk
be the President of the whole peopL. IL
recognizes that we are citizens in the broad
est sense and entitled to all the rights and
immunities guaranteed to others of our fel
low citizens, the same obligations binding
upon others equally binding us. There is
no equivocation in his reference to us.
We take President Cleveland at his word.
We shall watch narrowly each phase of his
policy as it is unfolded, and in so far as the
interests of all the people are maintained
shall accord praise where praise is due. We
shall hope for a policy which will usher in
a new era for us and the entire country.
Where his Administration departs from the
principles of sound doctrine of policy we
shall not hesitate to condemn it.
The colored people have reason to rejoice
in the elevation of such a man as Mr. Cleve
land. A man of Jess pronounced accept
ance of the present changed conditions re
sultant upon the war would have been a
calamity to us not easily estimated. As it
is, we can safely feel that no backward step
will be taken and that substantial advantage
may follow. This is our sincere hope.
The Haytien Mission Disposed of.
Since Mr. Cleveland’s election the air has
been full of speculation as to who would
succeed lion. John Mercer Langston as Min
ister Resident and Consul General to Hayti.
Nearly every prominent colored Democrat
and Independent has been named for the
place, but it was very generally conceded
that the place would go to Prof. Peter 11.
Clark of Ohio, Mr. James C. Matthews of
New York having declined to stand for it.
But all speculation is now ^at an end.
Last Monday President Arthur sent to the
Senate, which confirmed the name of Col.
George W. William of Massachusetts to suc
ceed Minister Langston. We do not know
whether President Cleveland will have
power to recall Mr. Williams before ho pro
ceeds to Hayti, or after ho arrives there,
without cause, within the time for which he
is appointed.
Col. Williams is a very shrewd colored
man. The unexpected is very natural with
him. He has been a member of the Ohio
Legislature, Judge-Advocate of the Grand
Army of the Republic of Ohio, and is the
author of the “History of the Negro Race in
America.”
Col. Williams earnestly supported the
candidacy of President Arthur in the late
Presidential contest, and after Mr. Blaine
was nominated he sulked in his tent. The
nomination was supremely distasteful to
him. He took no active part in the cam
paign, although one of the most effective
campaign speaker in the country.
Col. Williams is a man of excellent pres
ence. He always drosses like a Nabob, and
travels in the best of style. While in
Washington he usually stopped at the Eb
bit House, in New York at the Hoffman
House and in Boston at Young’s Hotel. He
always leaves the impression upon you that
he is a man of boundless resources of money
and brains.
We regretfully decline to enter into a
controversy upon dogmatic theology with
our contemporary the Progressive Ariwriea-n.
What we maintain is that our religion
teaches the broadest catholicity and fore
bearance, and that, all things being consid
ered the followers of Mahomet have as
much right to maintain the correctness of
their religion as have the followers of Jesus
- Christ. We have a right to get all the
converts we can by peaceful means; we
should win by force of reason, not of arms.
The declining health of Gen. Grant is re-,
gretted by the entire nation. His name is
inseparably associated with the history of
the country for the past twenty years, and
his death would be not only a national but
international calamity. Let us hope that
his life may long be spared to his country.
New York Rents.
F.^ht is one of the mostimportaufaiy!d ex
pensive items of a poor man’s QutUV. In a
majority of cases one-third sometimes one
half of his earnings resolves itself into rent.
The land-owning shylock stands between
him and the curb-s’ame and exacts his
hard toil without giving in return any
equivalent based upon natural justice, for
one man has no more L.hw nt right iu the
ownership of the sod than anqther.
• The colored p- oph of New York city suf
j hr more injustice in the mattcrof n ulal
than any other Mast of our uiixeiis Tht-v
ire not only fore ■1 to colonizem I. ‘ ivory!
-.crim-s < I the chy, and into the v< ri 'iorH
• laments, but tin y are cl.urged ’atmlous
-ric< s for the h.xury. of havn.g a place tv
si «. and eat.
’h. re uie le.nni(iit houses, v. Lieii t.iv
•alied Hats, of the very b.M reutvd loco!-
"red peopL, of five sion.-s, auicii rent for
i jid p r Tiu-r arc tu<> .-.pai tm nts of
: from four to six looms, and tuese so small
ua. when u tied is . lactd i.)-one of them
i.re is uu room in u.iy oti. r iu. it urv. 1 m
.1.1.1 e yropuiy r, n-H a.r,., mac than
<2s,Out’.
Houses which nobody else will rent art
palm d oil on col r»d pioj , u ludou.
j ental, who i:. ord^r io irieci i. arc lurced to
i .ill laehvu.se lium bottom lu garret will,
j lodgers, < t cv.r- ttmaLuMc caaracu r, who
, m uU.e to p-.y rent, Thio of course, while
jit ladst of li<c.ssiiy breed disease, also
breeds vice. The indisciimioato mixture
could not do other than produce v.-ry imr.n
--f d results.
Each ytar the rental of Niw York prop
erty growt> more expensive to colored ne< pi g
wh -do net en^o . sal ui:? that warrant them
iu spending so much in this particular.
"When nuts grow too steep fr the whites
they remove to the suburbs, but colored
people seldom do this. Once in a city like
New York they have a horror of Moving
away. They prefer the city. The land
lords know this, and pile on the rent. The
colored people squeel but pay it—when
they can.
Seviral Building Associations have been
started of late years by colored men to own
and control property to be r nted to Uie peo
ple at living rites, but they have not
amounted to any thing. Why? Because
tho race i< wanti ig in a most marked de
gree in tha q'ia!i i s of co-operation; it has
no confidence in itst If; it {<nfers to be fleeced
year in and year out, instead of combining
and co-operating for mutual protection and
advantage. Necessity will yet compel
them to take this matter in hand.
The colored people of New York squan
der annually more than §50,000 in balls,
picnics and excursions. This money is ab
solutely thrown away, since even the pleas
ure it is supposed to purchase is oftener the
poison of death than the elixir of life. We
s'aould grow more thoughtful in these mat
ters. The poverty of t'io race is a standing
protest and reproach that such extrava
gance should obtain. As long as we spend
money as we ndw do, together with the other
drawbacks we have to contend against, we
cannot hope for much amelioration of our
hard condition.
Howard University is one of the great in
stitutions devoted specially to the higher
education of colored youth. It has done in
valuable service and we trust its future may
be even more successful than its past. This
University has just lost by death one of the
members of its faculty, Prof. Wiley Lane,
Professor of Greek. Prof. Lane was a
young man of the brightest promise, and his
sudden death was a severe shock to a wide
circle.
The question now is, who will be selected
to fill the post made vacant by the'death of
Prof. Lane? The answer to this question
will carry with it much significance.
Of all the persons mentioned for the posi
tion Prof. W. S. Scarborough of Wilber
force University appears to be the favorite.
Prof. Soarborough is one of the ripest col
ored scholars in the country, and is the au
thor of a Greek text-book published by A.
S. Barnes & Co. of New York. The author
ities of Howard University could secure no
more capable and worthy man than Prof.
Scarborough to fill the vacancy caused by
the death of Prof. Lane.
The esteemed New York Sun, which
shines for all, except the people of the op
pressed provinces of the corrupt Egyptian
government, declined to answer our ques
tions, “What business’ has England in the
Soudan?” “What interests of humanity
will bo served by the suppression of the
forces under El Mahdi?” and kindred in
terrogations propounded by us in our issue
of Feb. 21. The London Truth asks sub
stantially the same questions. The English
Government would have more equitable right
in sending an invading army to compel Vir
ginia to pay the full value of bonds issued
by her and held by Englishmen than she has
to carry on a war in the Soudan to compel
the people of that province to pay money
borrowed by the retten Egyptian govern
ment. The principle is the same. How
many papers in this country would have
applauded such British policy ?
Any readers of The FREEMAN v who are
thinking of going to Liberia are requested
to read the article in this issue headed “Can
this be True?” They will find food for
thought in it.
Don’t allow your subscription to lapse.
Send in your money when you receive notice.
THE, NEW YORK FREEMAN ; SATURDAY. MARGIT 7,1885.
ST.JOHN AND THI OOLOitLlr^E
A Talk With a Pullman Palace Car
Louisville, Ky., Feb. 23. —As your cor
respondent was returning home on one ui
the Southern trunk lines he thought, o'
gleaning something of importance fur'.'nr
Freeman, so he entered into con vers.it ioi
with a Pullman sleeping car porbr. Tin
jmrter did uot detect me to be a newspapt i*
man, so I applied the news pump to hint
and it operated well. So h ar’s what i
gleaned before he had bid me good day. He
• aid the company requires us to sign whin
some of us call a deaih warrant. TLi- war
atil <_ \et!i| ts the comp ia\ from being sued,
tor any injure s port, i s maj receive whilst
ata ir employ. He palled a little regula
t'o . b ok but of his poeket aad said: “This
;s a cat tbrent aUan- <»n porters ami a guide
logo l>v. You s e this uniform, it is fur
i i.- ad by thecoinpaiH al our expense, which
.□it .he i.e.giibor.io d • I ^lO. ’liiey don’t
pay Uo any v.ages mi ll the -YlO is paid back
mio the comp inv s treasury. Our wages is
miv v. 5 per m mth. Besides this we are
.’cop m.Muh lor Cv. ry Unng on Lae ear, and
mt 11.-- damag s done to I lie car after our
odgmm -1. in port or out, we have to
: < tne ;-h- p. r p'mh -d in and outride.
Jur privileges are to b'uc^ bodts, and ii
pii-sengef > don’t see c ime to pav us we (Ini’;
joi i . although we buy brushes ami
lim-ku witn our o.rn mon. y. O^ee and a
.emiv a gooG-hvm t 'I pa -anger gives up
j soim tiling tor pity's sake. Out ot tw. idy
- lour i.ouis we gel ab ml four i o ,rs’ .1 ■ p.
A e ;.r- not allowed a voice io any cases < f
so.inmt rsvs. pmt i>; ici h r are we al
.o.ved io i ave i lie sleeper al eating stations
fora warm m al. Conductors gel num Ji)
to p r mouth to i np >Si'on por ri'.
Uom.uciors get ah ll.c. wagvs and have al.
th ■ chances.'’
M\ say is as follows: .John P. St. -John,
(he Lite Prohibitionist cuididavC tor ITesi
dent of the Unit' d Stub s, drew the coloi
one in ixmi-ville it Ma o;dc t'i uq>k-Tneativ
Alouday iiiglh, l'el>. Ilk If tins su-ca led
high priest of tempermice submits If; such
e.oudiict, h • i- a lioimL -i-eveil hypoert*, wh
caters io the pr ju.iicc of Inc ignorant
whites, who would cut tm ir own throa’s to
satisfy thei^ evil passions. Your corres
pondent was invited by several leading Pro
hibiionists to be present at the following
lecture. I accepted and presented myself
for admittance. The door-keeper and ush
ers told me that colored peoplepould not
enter unless they would occupy the gallery.
This 1 refused, and asked to see St. John,
Col. Bain and others, but the ushers said I
could not see them, and being denied this,
1 left the theatre. If this is the policy of
St. John and his party the people ought to
continue to hang him in effigy. 1 warn the
people iu the New South to stand aloof of
this coming hydra. C. W. H., Jr.
IS THIS TRUE?
A Matter which, the American Col-
onization Society Should Look
.Into.
To the Editor of The Freeman:—You
will kindly allow me to express a few words
through the columns of your paper for the
good of the colored people now in America
desiring to make Liberia their future home.
It is my desire, and 1 believe il is the desire
of every true Liberian, to see the American
colored people make Liberia their future
home, for il is indeed a land of the free.
Here a man can be a man and enjoy all the
privileges and advantages belonging to a
man. Not\^hhstanding, however, the ad
vantages here, my advice to those who de
sire to come now is to stop for the present
until they are definitely informed that the
Colonization Society has made some change
in their agency here; or come out at their
own expense. The emigrants that come to
the country are said to receive six months
rations from the society, but rarely ever get
three full months rations. Half starved,
they soon become discouraged and leave the
country in disgust. Without proper medi
cal attention, and having most of the time
some inexperienced old woman to attend
them during the fever, some die for mere
want of attention; but worse of all the agent
of the society is an Englishman, whois op
posed to the American emigrants, and uses
their provisions for his family; dines sump
tuously like an Englishd Lord, while the
poor emigrants die from stavation.
Monrovia, Liberia, Jan. 31, 1885.
If Not Negroes, What?
To the Editor of The Freeman:—l have
just read E. B. Jourdan’s article, in your
issue of Feb. 21, endeavoring to prove that
there are no Negroes in America. Sime
races are not confinded to geographical lim
itations and national subscription, and since
Negro is a racial and not a national term,
let our freind go to work now and
shew that there are no Caucasians in America
and the inconsistency of his statement will
be apparent to him. Robert J. Smith.
Montgomery, Ala., Feb. 26.
Our Hero—A Story of the Rebellion.
Written far The Freeman by Frances B. IK Harper.
The treacherous sands had caught our boat
And held It with a strong embrace.
And Death at our Imprisoned crew
Was sternly looking face to face.
With anxious hearts but failing strength
We strove to push our boat from shore.
But all in vain; and there we lay
With bated breath and useless oar.
Around us from the foeman's hand
The fiery hail fell thick and fast
And we engirded by the sand
Coaid not retarn the dreadful blast.
When one arose upon whose brow
The ardent sun had left his trace;
A lofty purpose, strong and high.
U plighting all his dusky face.
Perchance within that fateful hour .
The wrongs of ages thronged apace.
But with it came the glorious hope
Of swift deliverance for his race.
Of galling chains asunder rent,
Of severed hearts again made one,
Of freedom crowning all the land
Through battles gained and triumphs won
■•Some one,” our hero firmly said,
"Must die, to get us out of this'”
Then leaped upon the strand and bared
His bosom to the bullet’s hiss.
“Ye men arc soldiers, and can fight,
May win in battles yet unsought;
I have no offering but my life.
And if they kill me, It Is nought.”
With steady hands be grasped the boat
Aud boldly shoved it from the shore.
Then fell by rebel bullets pierced—
His life work grandly, nobly o’er.
Our boat was rescued from the sand
And Hunched in safety on the tide.
But he, our comrade, good and grand.
In our defence had bravely died.
Porter.
COLORED PSOPLE’S DAY
The Opening oi the Uulcred Depart
ment at tie Nev Orleans World
Exposition—Ne iv Jersey’s Ex
hibit-. •
The vi lor .d deparlmeut of the New Or-
IcUi s Expoi-iiion wa-. fur ner!y opened Mon
-1.14, Feb. 21, thecx rci < s b.iug "f a rh-h
m il vari d iliarucb r, a id lar e.y iiib-nded.
In the absence of b.nator Bruce the cM
in d exhibits w.-re nirm d ov. r io th" man
ir-m-nl by Mr. J. J. Sp> liman of Aiissoli
'H l’<-
The ep -ningad lress was delivered by Prof.
A. M. Green of Louisiana. Speeches were
made by Hon. D. A. Straker of South Car
olina, lion. P. B. S. Pinchback and Bishop
11. M. Turner.
The following program was rendered by
the band under the conduct of Prof. Baquie,
before and after the ceremonies, and iider
spersing the sewend speeches: Part first —
“The Rapid Transit Around the World in
Ten Minutes,” J. A. Brown; Ovei-turc,
“La Sensitive,” A. Wernthal; Grand
Waltz, “Helena,” Pettee; Part Second —
Constellation, “Grand Operatic Charivari,'’
W. 11. Neave; Overture, “Zethiis,” I‘ettee;
GnunLWaltz, ‘ My Que n,” T. B. Boyer;
"inal Galop, “Calm and Cyclone,” Pettoe.
"he program.w.m interesting and varied to
aa admirable degree, and its rendition was
highly appreciuti d by the audience, who ap
p! ided frequently and vociferously. The
1 Mowing seiejjons of vocal music were
also rtmd.-i vd: “Hail. Columbia,” “Amer
ica,” “Mnrseiikiise,” “Red, White and
B'.ue,” “R slliss Sea,” 'Star Spangle 1
Banner” ami “Yankee Doodle.”
“The sebetions “Marseilles” and “Rest
less S. a” wen rendered respectively by the
Straight Ui)B< r ily choir, under the le'ader
-1 ip of Mi s Plait, aud by the choir of Fisk
school, led by Miss A. P. Williams. - All
the otter selections were sung together by
the choirs of the various educational insti
tutions named above. Southern Universit v
choir was under the leadership of Mrs.
MeN'i il, and Prof. Traver 1 d the vocalists
b>r L -Limi University. The director of the
vocal imide w.is Mr. Gen. 11. Fairweather.
Tin- whole program was » xceedingly well
rendered, and showed remarkably good
training and cultivation. Mr. A. P. Wil
liams presided at the grand organ, which
was kindly loaned for the occasion by
Messrs. Pilcher, and gave some appropriate
and excellently rendered selections thereon.
During the whole of the proceedings State
Senator Henry Demas acted as master of
ceremonies, and performed with ability the
duties falling to his share. Mr. A. Dcjoie,
city commissi' iivr to the Exposition for the
Colored Department, as chairman of the
executive committee, performed his func
tions with equal ability, and nothing that
would conduce to the success of the day was
left undone by him.
The result of the united efforts of all par
ties was that the day was a brilliant success.
Upon the 1800 square feet of space that
New Jersey occupies in the department, it
displays over 400 individual exhibits, em
bracing 107 different varieties of handicraft.
Its space is enclosed with a neatly varnished
hardwood railing, while in the centre a six
story pyramid, surmounted by an Egyptian
vase nearly four feet high, just barely "misses
touching the dependent rafters of thereof.
Around the .base of the pyramid are dis
played twenty-one different exhibits of fer
tilizers. Two sideseontain a magnificent dis
play of 290 pieces of pottery by Barton A.
Nickcn, the colored owner of a pottery at
Hadden field; the other two sides contain a
spendid exhibit of twenty six kinds of
canned fruit from Jacob 'T. Derrickson,
Camden, specimens of various cereals raised
by colored fanners and a number of other
agricultural product s.
Among the most noticeable and valuable
of the exhibits surrounding the pyramid arc
an oscillating cylinder brass steam engine
from T. S. Johnson, New Egypt; a com
pound high pressure engine made expressly
for the Eposition by William Van Hensel
lear, of I’aterson; a satin-covered hand
carved couch from 801 l & Golding, Camden;
a complete set of burglar's tools; a case of
assorted stockings from C. W. Watson &
Co., the colored owners of a steam stocking
mill at Camden; nickel plated ware from
William J. Derry, Camden; brooms, ax
helves, baskets, plaster work, blacksmith
ing, carpentering, coopering, tinsmithing,
rag carpet-weaving, tun ing, -croll-sawing,
mechanical di awing, machiih -cut kindlings,
cane-making, miLing, taib riim mid women's
work, arewhown by a number of exhibitors.
The colore ! brickm ikers of Tr nten. Somer
ville and various other towns, show fancy
hand-molded brick and hard burned drain
tile in great profusion; Jacob Thompson of
Camden, exhibits an octave of organ-pipes;
A. T. Bowman, patented shoe polishes;
Joseph J. Merrill and Matthew Griffin &
Bro., of Swedesboro, a complete line of
chemical extracts; John Polk of Camden
and M. A. Brown of Trenton, show some
excellent floral work.
The finest work of this sort, however, is
a miniature floral steamship three feet long
made of immortelles by Alexander Banks
of Burlington. Albro Lyons exhibits a cop
per-plate engraved by Patrick H. Reason
valued at S4OO. Hon. P. 11. Laverty,
keeper of the State prison, exhibits “The
Gov. Abbott,” the perfect working model
of a locomotive engine made by Theodore
Thompson, a colored convict. Ida Herbert
of Trenton, contributes an exquisitely
painted satin dress front. Pierce Bros, of
Bridgeton, show thirty-two kinds of cloth
and yarn spun, carded and finished by them
selves; 0. H. Decumbus of Newark, patent
rifle sight covers and gun-cleaning paste,
used by the crack Seventh Regiment of
New York; John M. Herbert of Trenton, a
magnificently gilded picture frame, speci
mens of joiner work, fancy box-making, etc.;
Alfred Semby of Trenton, a complete line
of prepared kalsomines—thirty colors; Wm.
B. Mulford of Somerville, sends eight speci
mens of landscape gardening; George W.
Foster of Newark sends designs in carriage
striping, and A. C.Shoens of Camden, hand
somely carved silver medals.
Mr. R. Henri Herbert, the commissioner
from New Jersey has especial reason to be
proud of the splendid exposition he makes
of the thrift and industry and handicraft of
the colored people of his State.
Mr. Cleveland’s Cabinet.
Mr. Cleveland s Cabinet will be composed
of the following gentlemen: Secretary of
State, Thomas F. Bayard of Delaware; Sec
retary of Treasury, Daniel Manning oi New
York; Secretary of the Interior, L. Q. C.
Lamar of Mississippi; Attoray General, A.
H. Garland of Arkansas; Secretary of
Navy, W. C. W hitney of New York; Sec
retary of War, Judge Endicott of Massa
chusetts; Postmaster General, W. F. Vilas
of Wisconsin.
BEPOHTERS AT RECEPTION-
Memorial to Bishop Dickerson —
Concert—Skating.
New Bedford, Mar. 2. —The members of
the Sabbath School, and of the Dorcas So
ciety, connected with Second Baptist
Church, gave an entertainment, in the ves
!ry of that church, on last Monday and
Tuesday evenings. The exercises consisted
oi: a piano duet by Misses Gertie Piper and
Nellie Burroughs; declamation, by Master
Robert Carter; recitations by little Misses
Stella Carter and Mabel Lee, and by Master
Robert 5 ancy and others; dialogues in
which Mrs. Frances Johnsen, and Misses
Piper, Ella and Mable Wilson, Lia. Annie,
and Alattie Lee, had parts; a comical im
persomdiou of an chi woman, by Supt. J.
S. Johnson; and several tableaux in which
Mrs. Hattie Devons, and Ida and Mattie
Lee'figured. In (he tableau “Rock of Ages
in a Tc-mpest,” Supt. Johnson introduced
and excellent imation of thunder and light
ning. The entertainment was a financial
success. At a meeting of the L. L. Cs.,
held at the residence of Mrs. Lawton, on
Allen street, last Tuesday evening, among
the features of the evening’s program was
an essay on “Perseverance,” by Miss Janie
Bull r; aud Mrs. Peters, who was present
Us a guest, sang “Out in the cold,” with ef
fect. ■
Hardly one hundred person? attended the
R. X. C's bail last Wednesday evening, yet
all who v.ere there had a pleasant "time.
Among the guests were Misses Jennie Ro
vclto of Providence; Ednora Nahar, Willi
etta Johnson, and Gertrude Nott of Boston;
Twine,^of Cambridgeport; and Stroback of
New l r ork, ami Mr, Lorenzo Rovclto, of
Providence, and a Boston gentlemen whoso
name we c,»uld not ascertain. As some of
the members of the R. X. C. have said that
the correspondent for the Plaindealer, aud
the writer sought to injure the “social” by
referring to it as a ball, in our letters, we
would say that neither of us had such inten
tion. Although the writer for personal rea
sons withdrew from the club last Fall, he
bears it no malice, because several of his
dearest friends are members of it, and it is
significant tuat not one of these has said
that either correspondent tried to “give the
thing away.” We called it a ball inadver
tently, but though we haye often referred to
such an affair as a social, common usage is
the only authority that we can give fordo
ing so; while Webster gives as one defini
tion of ball, a social assembly for the pur
pose of dancing. Now when an entertain
ment is given in a ball, and every colored
person in the city, who will believe himself
or herself, is invited to it; when dancing is
to be the onh amusement, and an engage
ment card, or order of dances is furnished to
every guest, reporters should not be blamed
if they carelessly mention it as a ball.
The Young Men’s Independent Social
Club, of l'all River, gave a skating carnival
nd ball in Bijou,Hall, last Thursday eve
ning. About fifty couples attended", and
skating was in order during the first part of
the evening. Prof. Jos. T. Ray gave an ex
hibition of fancy skating, afrer which came
a potato race, on skates, in which were four
contestants. The prize, a splendid china
cup and saucer, was won by Mr. Charles
Nye, of this city. Next came a mile race,
in which were'entered Messrs. W. R. Hons
weli and A. 11. Hyman of Fall River, and
Charles Nye and William Pierce of this city.
The prize, a picture and easel, was won by
by Mr. Pierce. The prizes offered to the
lady and gentleman who skated best, and
most gracefully together, were a beautiful
pair of glass vases, and two panel pictures
with frames; and they were awarded to
Miss Ida Moore and Mr. William Pierce.
All then engaged in dancing from Up. m., to
la. m. The members of the Y. M. I. S. C.
are William Morton, Pres.; J. T. Ray, Sec.;
William R. Honswell, H. McArd, A. IL
Hymen, P. Booth, D. White and George
Hopkins.
Beautiful and impressive services in
memory of the late Rt. Rev. William
F. Dickerson, were held in Bethel A.
M. E. Church, yesterday afternoon. The
gallery front and the pulpit were draped in
black, and on the front of the latter was the
motto De m/rtuis nil nisi bonum. Back of
the pulpit was a cross covered with black,
black and white rosettes were hung in the
recess, while in one corner stood an anchor
covered with black and white cloth, and in
the other was a monumental shaft, in black,
and bearing the inscription “W. F. D. born
January 15,1845; died December 20. 1884.’’
At the top of the shaft was a boquet of
calla-lily (blossoms, while at its base lay a
sheaf of wheat. Other inscriptions and’bo
quets and.pyramids of beautiful flowers,
adorned different parts of the auditorium,
and the order of exercises surpassed any
thing of the kind that we have ever wit
uessedin thiscity. The committee on drapery
were: Mrs. E. Lightfoot, Mrs. E. J. Bell,
Mrs. A. J. M. Austin, Misses Francis Allen,
and M. I). Webb. The committee on reso
lutions, Messrs. J. H. C. Austin, Edwin A
Douglass and Thomas W. Jackson.
BERGEN’S STAR CONCERT.
At the Academy of Music, Philadel
• adelphia, March 31, 1885.
, Artists: Miss Carrie Melvin of Providence,
violinist and cornetist; Mme. Nellie-Brown
Mitchel! and Mme. George Legett of Buffalo,
Prima Donna Sopranos; Miss Henrietta
Vinton Davis, of Washington, humorist and
elocutionist; thoDunges Troubadour Quar
tet of Baltimore; the Amphion Singing
Association of Philadelphia,.24 voices, Mme.
V. A. Montgomery of New York and Prof.
Dunge of Baltimore accompanists; Prof. F.
J. R. Jones’ full orchestra, 20 pieces. Tick
ets 50 and 75 cents, on sale at Ditson’s, 1228
Chestnut street. Proceeds for the benefit
of Central Presbyte'ian and Allen Chapel
Churches, Kev, J, B. Reeve and Rev. L. J.
Coppin, pastors. Prues to best ticket
workers, SIOO, SSO, $lO, $lO, $lO, $lO, $lO.
J. G. Bergen, Manager.— Advt.
A Prayer.
Written for The Freeman by Ueta Garnet,
-Pray for thee, friend* So will I pray for thee,
Mine cVery thonght from hence a prayc; shall be
That God will bring thee safe across the sea
Of life.
For thou hast brought me to fair fields of peace,
Hath given me from bondage full release;
Thou guides: me where pain and sorrows ceahe,
And strife.
Therefore, my more than friend, I can but pray,
At morn, at noon and in the evening gray,
That he who loves v U keep thee all the way.
Steadfast.
We two shall meet some day, I know not where,
Save that the land be beautiful and fair.
Ami till we meet for thee my faithful prayer
Shall last.
COL. WILLIAMS TO THE FRONT,
HON. JOHN MERCER LANG*
TON’S RESIGNATION.
The Democratic Inauguration—Th-,
Greek Chair at Howard Univ e ^
sity—Dr. Crummell’s Labors.
Washington. March, 3.—To-morr ,w
the 4th of March, the dav we tek . o*
Ulo
crown from the head of President Ar:l i ■
whose administration, all in ail. L-n b.. '
one of the fairest an I best we hui" i
many years, aud p^ice it <.n the :„. ,i , r
Grover Cleveland—wish the, exd.u fl(i , *
“The King is dea-i; bmz Eve Km,-. ’ i’ ’
city is already crov.u d uitu visuum i/ , ’
is not less liian 70,UW mre n.-w, a.d vv , ?
train and steamboat comes in lead, d. 'i'*
streets and building-; are gu v m Im | uv
tire, and ail irrespective Kt p iriv g'
ions for lair weather and n goon imi g '
procession bio fair tu be the Lri Ut ,. .
has ever been seen in .in.ur vii - J !
cessions.
It is said that aa offie- hold r n v ,.,. ~
,or resigns; but Hon; i -nn Ai. i.i,,
•the past ten years om mi •• t . K
of Hayli, is an exe . ;. ia to tms , ;i i
he has already forwar u d . ;S re : e (
the President to take mi e; ,e. : . ’ .
ment of his sut ci § or. ju. : /
_be warmly wekunned ium, . /k ’
the race have a larger n,.!.t .ii g," - , ' t
'of the young m a es d g,'., , "j ' "
brethren who are aim,. g,
neo I nut apply, as the g ; ''.‘'K,
filled the position by in,, ,i ■, ;; .
Col. George W. Wiliia a. of g 'J j
who was prompily uoim!.. : .d .. V
on Monday last. Th J' 1 0
ITT'] 1 • | 1 ' »I< ) I ( {
Williams was a gmmTe , lirpr i s . „ „ ,
knew that he wa . a ia , ()| -. , M r .,. 1( '
but suppos'd that wurko,;
a History Oi k.:C instruct mH. f,. the laiivU
puisuits of polivi ian, 1 _p-iui< ran I 10-t,.-
rian, Ire cun now add int of dipiomT '
Col. Williams will leave—at once fur the
post.
There will be a determined effort made to
have a chair of Greek at Howard University
made vacant by the death of Prof. Lan'-’
filled by a competent man of color. The
race and the college are to be congratulated
that the choice is virtuuly narrowed down
to two such capable gentlemen as Prof. W.
S. Scarboroughof Wilberforce, whose name
and fame,are well known throughout the
land, and Prof. R. T. Terrill, a late gradu
ate of Harvard University, and now as-h.
tant Principal of the Washington Hi^h
School. It may not be gmcra.lv known,
but Mr. Terrell made a specialty 'of Gr ck
while at Cambridge, taking elective courses
in this subject for three years in addition tn
the regular prescribed courses, and gradu
ated with distinguished excellence m that
language, which fact is particularly stated
in his diploma. It is said that Harvard’s
Greek department is the best in the land,
being headed by the famed Dr. Goodwin,
one of the most brilliant Greek scholars of
the age. So whoever gets the. position,
Prof. Scarborough or Prof. Terrill the chair
will be admirably filled.
St. Luke’s Church, Rev. Dr. Crummell,
rector, is doing a quiet, but none the less
effective work, and on Friday last the Rt.
Rev. Bishop of Maryland, Dr. Paret ad
ministered the rite of Confirmation to quite
a large dass. St. Luke’s now posses-t s u
supplicfafchoir of male'voicee, which after a
few months of rigid training will doubtless
prove very acceptable. Ro man has
worked harder than Las Dr. Crummell and
none are more fully equiped by culture for
large, aud wide usefulness. The National
Theatre, for many years our principal place
of amusement was entirely destroyed by
lire on Tuesday night last; loss’ .about
§140,000, only partly covered by insurance.
Mr. Si. John Appo, late of Hartford, occu
pied one of the stores in the building as a
tailoring establishment, and he lost all.
Fortunately that was small as he bad little
or no stock, as he sold principally by sam
ple; but’his p ittcrnSjimplemen s, tables, ete.,
are a total less. The theatre will be im
mediately rebuilt on a grander scale.
VILLIFYING JOHN BROWN.
Very Brilliant Reception—Social—
News—Gossip.
Wilkes-Barre, Mar. 2. —The most brill
iant social event of the season here, was the
ball of the Keystone band at Keystone
Rink last Monday night, but the attendance
not large enough to show to advantageinsuch
a spacious hall. There were guests from
Scranton and Pittston, all of whom seemed
to enjoy themselves hugely. At 10 o’clock
the grand March began to the strains of
Boettcher’s orchestra, Mr. G. W. Generals
acting as prompter, after which dancing
was kept up till early morn. Some of the
ladies present wore costly and elaborate toi
lets, among them Mrs. Isaac Gould of
SternstiD. Mrs. Wm. Crabb, Miss Alice
Adams, Mrs. T. Irvin, Mrs. Mary B. Brown
of Scranton, Miss Lettie Brown, Miss Mag
gie Stevenson, Miss Nellie Welcome, Mrs.
B. M. Hazen, Miss Ida Johnson, Mrs. Mary
Powell. There were so many fine looking
ladies there, that we will not venture to
name the belle of the evening, but Blood
Singleton of Pittston in full dress suit was
the beau. Miss Liddie Brown has the credit
of selling thirty-five tickets for the fair.
Mrs. Joanna Hopkins went to Pittston on
Saturday to visit Mr. George Butler and
family. Some old fogy writing to the Ece
ning Leader under the signature of “Old
Student” takes occasion to villif j the mem
ory of old John Brown, the famous martyr
abolitionist. The writer may be an old stu
dent but it is evident that he has not mail -
much progress in ethics or else he would
never speak ill of the dead. The young
men of the Wyoming Seminary proposed to
discuss the question: “Which was the great
est hero, Washington or John Brown - /’
This “old student” who seems to have
studied long and learned little, becomes in
dignant at the comparison, and rushes into
print to traduce the dead. Last Friday
Miss Susie Naylor, Mrs. John Green and
Mrs. B. M. Hauen visited Sturmerville, the
<mests of Mrs. Isaac .Gould. The amount
realiz d from the A. M. E. Zion Church fair
was §lO3. Much credit is due the commit
tee who managed this fair, and tucy hereby
return thanks for the liberal patronage
which they received.
Mr. Frank C. Lawson has just iceived
the ioyous intelligence th&t if he can ta.>
li<h* his identity there awaits him in Savan
nah, Ga., a plot of ground for which a rail
road company will give him s<,ooo. Baw
son is smiling at last,

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