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Boldest Legislation Since the
English Reform BilL
Communism's Wedge Given an Entrance
Bj toe State in Germany.
The Complete Turning Point in the
I Legislation of This Century.
A Most Startling Programmo of
Will It Not Prevail In Other PttrU of
Europe to Chock the Rising Tide
of Democracy and Poverty ?
The German Reichstag has completed
essentially a programme of social reform with
what would seem to be the boldest piece of
legislation since the English Reform bill.
Ideas which Ferdinand Lasalle and Wagoner
advanced have met with some recognition by
the bill passed May 23, 1889.
The celebrated mossageof Emperor William
I. of Nov. 17. 1681, concerned itself with the
same dominant idea.
To supplement the scheme only the exten.
sion of existing laws is now required.
The great prosperity of the yoars 1871, 1872
and 1873 in Germany were followed by a
crash. A feeling of marked depression ob
tained. The outlook excited intenso fore
boding. The industrial development did
not bring with it an accompanying comfort
and content among that potent factor in
every state, tho working classes.
Socialism waxed strong. Its supporters
polled a heavier vote and its oxponents gave
vent to freer, more ardent expression of their
views, while the demands which they based
anon them wero more insistent and threat
ening. The growing burden of European arma-
meat was becoming a more and more intoler.
able burden. Delbnick lost the sympathy of
Dismarck and faded out of the field.
The first steps were in the line of repres
sive legislation, and coercion neither placate
nor soothes a brooding sense of injustice and
a craving for redress. Something else seemed
As an outcome of the deliberations excited
by the Socialist law came the Kaiser's mes.
uge of Nov. 17, 1881. What was suggested
and promised them has now become solidly
incorporated as law which startled the So
cialistic faction in the Reichstag.
Insurance against the most serious evils
which beset the working classes has been
secured. They are slokness, accidents, in
capacitation and old age. Social legislation
was having its hour.
The first marked feature of the Social
legislation of the past eight years was the
I law of 1883, which looked to insurance as a
provision against sickness. By payment of
not more than 1 to 2 per cent, of the
normal local wace of the workman be is sup.
plied in sickness with medical attendance,
medicine, and such appliances as his case
He roceives at the same time one-halfof
the normal local wages during the period of
his sickness (not more than thirteen weeks),
and if he is removed to a hospital those im
mediately deponding on him receive one.
half of his allowance. This insurauce was
made obligatory, one-third of the amount
i being paid by employers.
ACCIDENTS PBOVIDED FOB.
On June 27 of the following rear, 1881.
alter several ineffectual attempts to bring it
about, a law enforcing insurauce against ac.
cidents also pasFod the Reichstag. It began
with trades espoclully exposod to casualties,
but Mas extendod to tho building trades, to
agriculture ond to sailors. Those living out
" at sorvloo will probably bo included ulti-
With a view to equitable mutual insuranco
those trades which offered an equal degree of
risk combined. In 1R8G thore were sixty-
four of these trado associations, numbering
between three and four million workers.
ADVANTAGES AND PROVISIONS.
The London Timet, in an article on " State
Socialism in Germany," says about this:
i "The advantages are considerable. For
com plot o disablement, two thirds of the
actual wage (if exceeding four marks, a
diminishing fraction); for partial disable.
ment, an equitable proportion of the same is
v granted as pension. In case of death by c
r ciaeut twenty days' wago is given as burial
' money, and on allowance to the widow of 20
t percent of the wages of the deceased, with
15 per aent. to caoh child under fitte.cn years
l the wholo not to exceed 00 per rent.
"( " Dependent ascendants have also a second-
' nry claim. If the injured man is removed to a
hospital, the wife draws her allowances as in
the case of death. Tlie masters who supply
' the funds also conduct the administration,
; f but representatives of the workers sit on the
1 Hoard of Central Control and act as assessors
to the Arbitration Courts. Elimination of
3 risk U dUeotly encouraged by self-interest
llUlri - -
and mutual supervision, and necessary
measures of prevention can be defrayed from
tho common pnrso.
"Such are tho chief provisions of tbeso
two complicated actB. Tho former is con
sidered sucoosfnl tho latter can hardly yet
bo finally judged though it is expensive in
wprking, aud its growing burden is regarded
with Boino anxiety.
"But tho lncasuro now (auctioned is of
qiiito a different character. In its scope aro
included almost without excoption all per
sons abovo tho ago of sixtocu, malo and fo.
male, working in a dependent position for
regular hlie. Tho lino bctwocn dependent
aud independent workoi sis not always clearly
marked; so a certain discretion is allowed to
tho Federal Council to admit, iu particular
trades, by special order, sub-contractors for
largo firms and oven independent workers
not themselves employing workmen.
" Existing state and communal arrange,
ments tor similar purposes aro respected,
stipulation being made that equal advantages
shall be granted. The contribution offered
by the state, is secured for such establish
ments when thoy havo obtained tho approval
of the Federal Council. Elovou millions of
persons will at onco come under the compul
sion of the act wbeu its operation begius
(piobably in 1891). Tho capital value of the
obligations incurred directly by the state in
this connection is reckoned at 77.8 million
pounds, the total obligations will hardly bo
less than throe times as much."
DIFFICULTIES OF TOE SCHEME.
This is big cxpendituro, but tho gigantio
proportions of the undertaking are not the
great difficulty. Tho most vital point is that
this measure is of necessity on experimental
one. Tho statistics on which accurate com
putations could alono bo based are not pos
sessed. Tho only complete register of con
ditions which lead to iucmiacitatiou are those
which occur among the railway employees.
To assume thut the health conditions of tho
general public are the saino as those of rail,
road workers is rather bold. There, is some,
thing heroic in tho way in which the authors
of this bill, on a basir. of such meHgre statis
tics, tako on themselves the possibly enor
mous costs which the law may eventually
BATES OF TATMENT.
To determine tho rate ot payment tho
workiugmen aro divide 1 iuto four classes,
according to their wages. Tho mark is about
21 cents and the pfennig oDe-quarter of a cunt
in American money. The rates of payment
are as follows :
Class I., to 350- marks per annum, reck,
oned as drawing 300 marks; C.evw II., to
650 marks per annum, reckoned as drawing
600 marks; Class III., to 650 marks per an.
num, reckoned ob drawing 720 marks ;
Class IV., abovo 830 murus per annum,
reckoned as drawing SCO marks (1
markets. 8 1-3 pfeunigsld.) The first class
pays 12 pfennigs, tho scoond 18, the third
21, the fourth 30 weekly. The payments aro
made by trie masters, who deduct in their
turn half of tho sum lrom tho weekly wage,
and pay the other half of the premium them
selves. To each workman a card Is issued
to register reocipts. Upon each weekly pay
ment, a stamp of corresponding v olue. issued
by tho Insurance Board of tho district and
sold by tho post-office, is affixed to tho (aid
by the master, 'the card bus 47 spacos, cor.
responding to the 47 weeks of a regulation
Weeks of certified sickness and of military
service count as u ec ks ot contribution in the
second class for those who have already
entered on their term of insurance. When
the card is full, or at latest before the end of
tho second year after tho year of issue, it is
taken to an appoiutod place to be exchanged.
The contents are no tea, the card is stored up
and a new one issued, marked in such a man
ner as to indirato where the last preceding
one is stored. The consideration ot different
treatment for different classes of workers in
pr iportion to their difiorent risks of inca
pacitation is left for the insurance institutes
to handle later. In the absence of statistics
this was unavoidable The injust.i'o involved
is lully recognized, but cannot at present bo
DEPENDANTS AND INDEPENDENT WORKERS.
It will bo seen that a sharp line is drawn
between dependunts coming under the act
and independent workers exempted from it.
To lighten the loss occasioned by transition
from the former to tho latter class, a person
already insured is allowed to keep his claim
alive by contributing the full quota for Class
II. and affixing an additional stamp (value
Id.) to cover the Imperial contribution. This
latter condition is relaxed lor tiny worker,
not himself employing others, who has in
sured in the ordinary way five years. Other
wise, the insurance claim lapses if in any
four consecutive years less than forty.seven
weekly contributions have been made in all,
and a fresh insurance, if started, must begin
'1 he sum of their own contributions with
out interest is re tored to women who pass
out of he sphere of the act through marriage
aud to the widows or dependent families of
men who die without enjoyug an invalid
pension, and without a claim to accident
compensation, piovided that in cah case
couiribjt ious havo been paid for not Inns
than U o $ cars.
tub state's annual hubden.
The annual burden inclined by the state
in making good tie contribution of insured
workmt n during their period of military Her.
vice, and on account of its own Humorous
functionaries U loekoned at eigut m.llion
Besides tho cost of the pension funds and
tho above deductions the payments aie reck
oned to. meet cxpouscs of administration
(calculated at 25 rents a head per annum hind
'iO per cent, of receipts for n reservo fund.
In one lespect they aro struck somewhat
high a liberal margin hnB been allowed fur
miscalculation. The payments can haidly be
held oppressive. For their so-called death
money the English working ciasso pav cor.
rospondiug sums often under much more un
tavorablo conditions. Subscriptions to
friendly societies range on tho average four
times as high as the woikmau's sharo of tho
highest coutrihution fixed by this law.
Financial difTculties wero atteudsut on this
scheme. The Uundosrath proposed the only
sound sud cquiiublet 'Ian, viz.; to calculate the
pro-out capital value o. all oblieai.oun In
enrrod on the starting of the rcheuie.aiid dis.
tribute tho payments over present and luture
in uuli manner that, failing terious errors in
tho io knuiue, ouly trifling alterations of de
tail bhoulil be ill the future necessary, the
surplus of the ear.y years accumulating to
rel eve the pressure on the later.
This proposal, healthy and correct as it was,
met with strong opposition. The accumula
Hon of nn enormous captul running up into
the huudred millions was regarded with sus
picion and disl ke. "It was so much with
eliiiwn from c nsmnption and enterprise,"
said tho malcontents.
A COMrltOMISE PLATrOBM.
Tho result of these misgivings and out
spoken roinplaiuts was a compromise. It
was decided to constitute the matter on this
Contributions shall first bo calculated for a
period of ten yean, aud at a rat that will meet
current expenses, lay by a reserve fund: of 50
percent., ami accumulate acnpitsl to cover tlio
capitalized value ot tho pensions oxpeetcd to fall i
duo in that tlmo emit tint whole amount of
obligations iiiciurrd towards thoso actually in
sured). Fresh retaliations on tho samo prin. ;
ciplc to bo repeated for each successive period I
or flvo years until a condition of equilibrium is
This may secure n greater popularity to tho
bill, but it puts it in a less chcoriug aspect,
according to tho lmilon Timer, which
characterizes this modification as ' ' cownnllco
and improvidence," and thinks it impairs tho
final success of tho law.
ANOTUER lMrOBTANT TOINT.
Anothor important financial point involved
concerns tho costs ot administration. Tho
labor involved la something enormous. Tho
mero item of sticking iu ll.OOU.ono stamps
overy week is a ponderous itoin. Trno, one
mark por head a year seems a small sum to
set when it secures such prodigious work.
Yet Rovcral millions quar'crs of a dollar tot
up to a rather pretty magnitude.
In return for his contribution the person is
entitled, iu caso of incapacitation to n pen.
sion for life, or until complete or partis! re
covciy. Tho insured man who has reached
tho ago of seventy is entitled to an old. ago
pension, whatever his condition may be.
To qualify for on invalid pension fivn years,
or 235 weeks, (for tho in-uraneo year has
only forty.seven weeks) aro required of con
tribution. For nn old.ago pension thirty
years', or 1,110 weeks', contribution is neces
sary. 'the pensions are arranged to rise with tho
number of payments made, a fixed minimum,
and then a Bteady rise week by week. Tho
minimum invalid pay for a year is about 412,
to uhich must bo added tho uniform Im
perial coutrihution of 50 annual marks.
With each completed week of payment this
pension rises in Class 1 by two pfeuiugs;
in Class 2 by four pfennings ; in Class 3 by
nine pfenigs ; iu Class 4 by 13 pfennigs.
Accordingly the ponslons may bo calru.atoci
with tho following results. (In reality tho
pensions will fluctuate indefinitely between
theso pattern sums. Fow will spend their
who'e life in one wa-e-class. but the system
of weekly increments aud eorre pending
stamps makes tho proper calculations easy. )
Alter tho prescribed fivo years, after ten
yesrs. and nt intervals of ten years up to 50,
the invalid pensions in the varionn classes
will amount to tho following annual sums;
lfir. 7wl. t'lai 2. ClantZl. f7i4.
."i 111.70 1111.40 1H1.I5 140.65
10 1111.40 1-J8.80 I.'iS.aO 171.10
so lys.sii 147. no nn. no uns.uo
:to liiH.yo l tin. 40 sitn.no un:i..in
40 147.H1) in.'i.uo U7ti.yo :i.vt.4i
."0 157.00 i-'04.oo tiai.r.o 4 in. so
Old ago pensions consist (a) of tho fixed
Imperial subsidy (60 annual marks) ; (b) of a
variable part. For each week of contribu
tion is added in Class 1, 4pf. ; in Class 2,
Cpf.: in Ciass 3, 8pf. , in Class 4., lOpf..
until tho number of 1,410 weeks is reached
(30 regulation years). If more thnn 1,410
weeks aie sorvec' those weeks up to 1,410 aro
reckoned which give the most favorable
Supposing the man to servo his wholo life
in the. same class, tho figures will bo as fol.
!"ar. CIomI, ClatlZ. (Vii..t. C7a 4.
10 OH. HO 78.M0 87.00 (17.0
'.o 87.on ion.40 lun.'jo 1:14.0
30 100.40 i:i4.00 102.80 181.0
Tho pensions based on a less period than
thirty years havo reference only to those
whose age is above fortytm the coming into
operation of tho act (probably 1891). For
theso tho time of waitiug may be shortened.
TUG IMPEIIIAL COVTRinOTION.
"The most remarkable featuro in tho bill,"
save tho Touts, is the Imperial contribution
Uttichstutchuts) of 50 marks addod to each
pension from the funds of the htate. The
rest of the bill is stern, practical, almost
harsh, dealing a very rough. and ready jus.
tice, forcing master and man and the various
organs of the state to work aud pay in order
to iilt humanity another inch or two from
tho mire of necessity. The Imperial contri.
butiou gives the promised Christian charac
ter to the scheme. It is, after all, only a
juggle. 'Who o pockets shall I pick if not
thoso of the people?' But such juggles ease
many burdens. As long as Germany is rici
enough to bear the weight of this law. she
will bear it all the more easily that a part of
tho cost is met by what we call tho state.
VALUE OF THE LAW AS A SOCIALISTIC MEASURE.
"It is no great thing, but it .s the begin
ning of a new departure. State Socialism
has two sides an iron forco. with which it
gripes gradually and surely the whole life of
a nat on and stamps it with its pattern, and a
beneficent powor. as yet on y seen in the
visions of idealists, to redress tho wrongs of
fortune and dispense tho inexhaustible
bounty of tho nation. To-day for the first
time tho legislator lias attempted to realize
the second aspect, developing the idea that
thus appears among the official motives of the
second draft ot the Accidents Insurance Bill :
For tho stato to concern itself more deeply
than in the past with its helpless memhera is not
only a duty of humanity and that of practical
Cluiitlauitv, with whoso spirit all our public in
stitutions should be Infused, but alxo a task for
statesmanship desirous to strengthen and up
hold the tate. To this eml we must strive. In
direct and patent benofits conferred, to exhibit
tho state iu tho licrht of a li-netlcent ok well an a
necessary institution in the mes of the unprop.
ertied cU-hch. the most numeroiH and tho least
educated ot tho population. The objection that
a socialistic element Is hereby introduced Into
our legislation need not doter us rom entering
on this path. As far as llns is the case it 1
niith nir new, but only the levelnpineii of the
Idea which has urown up with model it Christian
morality viz., that tho tatu has not only mo
teetie and iloler.siveililt e, but also tho P01
tiv o task of initherim; the well-being of all its
inembcrr, and especially the weak and helplesr.
"The state contribution in itself will not be
condemned untried, except bv blin ' ad.
horeiitaof u name: but the progressive) bur
clou ou the taxes has its heriou- diiiu'ers, and
protective duties, with other questionable
financial oxpodiouts, aio likely to follow in
To American workinpmen the pensionary
aid aflordcd by tlnsHehedulo inuyfeeni trivial
mid hardly worth tho trouble of the annual
contributions mid of inch c implicated ma
chinery and luSir on tho part of tho
But hi a country where work c.-.n bo had
for lets than (2 n week 25ajtar is no us
dobpicably small ns iu a country whero 52 :s
by no moms n phenomenal dully wago for
EFFECT ON WAOEH.
Tho effect of such legisla'ion on wages is
hard to foiesee, hard to find out. '1 hero is
accumulation to tho tolal wealth of t'ie na.
tion in proportion to tho capital taken from
consumption und accumulated, wh.le it is
diminished bv the cost of adin.uisliatiou and
by the prol able increaso of cui-uuiition on
tho part of the incapacitated elm-sea. Tho
net result for tho workers will hardly be an
in reuse ot real tvagos, lutmther a more
equable distribution of pa vine lit s over pe
riods of youth and age, health and sickuoxt.
DIEFLBENT VIEWS BT TUE PARTIKB.
Tho 7'iiiie concludes its review of this now
revolutionary legislation by considering the
attitude assumed tow ardf it by the several
patties. The Titutt says:
"Tim attitude which the various parties
assumed towards the bill is not without in
terest. Tho supimrters worn drawn mainly
lrom tho Government fiactions, the Con
servative, Imperialist and National Liberal
parties. A part wero filled with the rnthu.
smsm of the great National measure, others
were dominated by loyalty to the Emperor
William I., whese active interest was won
for the measure by the Chancellor, aud to
the present Kaiser, who has made it a point of
duty and of piety to executo tho uncompleted
wislies of his gr udsire.
" Others wero swayed by tho influence of
Bismarck. CouMdornhlo pressure wat exer
cised from above. Ilerrvou liottieher, Sec.
rotary of State, said that it was inconsistent
with Conservative principles to oppose the
aims ol tho ' Allrrhvchn'c Holtchajfl' (Ini.
portal lles-a o). Considering that tho same
Imperial messago roforred to tho tobacco
monopoly and other exploded schemes,
this was rather strong ; but tho appeal took
effect. Vet much discon'etit. distrust and
positive aversion remained among the
Government ranks. Details wore displeas
ing; individual effects, for instnin o on tho
luud economy oi tho tasteru piovlnces, wero
rogurded with great anxiety, and iu home
cases (eight Conservatives, four Imperialists,
cloven National Liberals) dissatisfaction pto.
dticod an adverao vote. There wero many
abstentions. Tho contention of oppouonts
that tho tiivormg majority would have dis
appeared, bad all its mcuioera voted accord
ing to their own convictious, has consider
able probability, Ou tho other baud, an
equally largo number of porsons might be
collet-ted who voted on the oppoBito side on
pureiv party grounds.
"The Centre, or Clerical party, was in prin
ciple, if its previous utterances may bo
trusted, favorable to universal compulsory
Insurance But tho Chinch could not p runt
so important a Bource of its ower as the case
of tho iudtcentto pass without protest into
tho absolute powei ot the Slate. 8o the great
mass ot Clericals voted agalnft the Bill, not
through hostility to tho prinoiple itself but
actuated by tho historic rivalry between
Church and Stute on German ground. A
dozen or so of this party (ohiefly nobles)
voted ' 'v, and as the majority was ouiy
20 vote th se gentlemen may almost bo con.
sidcred o .mve decided the issue of tho day.
"The objoctions on the scorn of principle
camu almost cntiroly from the side of tho
Liberaiibts t Fvtinlnniijr). This school, repre
sent. nc, as they do, too principle of natural
evolution in human society aa against short
cuts, state interference and weakeuing of
self-help, had a strung cao end evory in.
cliuatiou to make use of it. Their opposi
tion, pers stent, practical, patient, arousod
tlin iro of the Chaucellor, who has no appre
ciation for the merits of a vlgorousond deter
mined opposition. The irreconcilable bos.
tllity that has grown up botween him and
this remnant of a once powerful party came
to highly unattractive expression in the re
markable sceuo ol May 18. when the Chaucel
loi considered himself lusulied and retaliated
in kind. But tho opposition of the Liberal 1st
party has a basis iu priucip e and a consis
tency iu execution that makes them worthy
to be the opponents of the great apostle of
' Laissez men fairo.'
' ' Tho Social Democrats,' said Dr. Bam
berger, 'enjoved tho unique) pleasure of see.
ing their own moasuro passed, aud voting
oga nst it themselves, 'lhey might be dis
contented that the Imperial contribution was
so small, or that it was not accompanied by a
progressive income tax. but of opposition on
gioundsof priuciplo there is no question.
Still loss in the case of the Irrecoucilables,
who rroeive their mandates from l'olaud,
Alsaco-Loraino and the Guelph pirty.
" Two serious differences of opinion arose
within tho Government ranks. The National
Liberals, true to their colors, were anxious to
give to the scheme a national and centralized
organization. The Conservatives wero anx.
Ious to abolish wage classes and establish one
pension for all classes of workers. But frac.
tional patriotism was too strong for the
former, aud considerations of expediency
for the latter. And be supporters of tbeso
important amendmeu s voted loyally in the
majority at tho last. Natural aa free individ
ual dnvelopmont is to Englishmen in their
is'and home, equally necessary is for Ger
many a rigid, centralized, all-pervadlug states
"Whore Government is forced to play this
unattraciivo part, it in well that powers do
v eloped and mobilized in tho struggle for ex
istence, should be exerted in the altera pt to
further the course of human progress. Eng
land has tried most of tho political experi
ments of the last 500 years. She has been tho
laboratory of nations. When a foreign states
rocut has the courage to try a novelty on this
colossal scale, we can look on with wonder
and interest as impartial students of economic
facts, convinced, perhaps, that self-help and
spontaneous growth aro better suited to
Euglishmon, but ready to believe and will,
ing to hope tint state initiative, Socialistic
science and self-conscious statesmanship may
be adapted to other circumstances and other
ATTEMPT TO BURN A SALOON.
Paper Saturated with OH and apposed Ex
plosives Found Scattered Around.
An attempt to fire tho saloon kept by Charles
Schafor, at H4'J Atlantlo avenue, was discovered
late last night. Tho fire was kindled with paper
saturated with kcrotcne, placed in an anuex to
Tubes sunpo'ed to contain explosive material
were to'ind m the building, and have been rent
to the Kiro 3Jarhal tor examination.
No clue to tho incendiary has been discovered.
Two ( lilldren llurneil to Dentil.
l.prriAT to rue iTRVtva -mnT,n
Columbus. O., July 22. Twochildren, Tommy i
Williams, aged live, and his sister Agnes, aged
tl.ico yiun, liu dead and horribly disfigured to.
day at the hnmii of their parents in this city.
'Incy vveio b-tt alono for n lew moments last
evening while their mother wont o an en and.
'I lit- littl'i boy (,ot some matches ami a van ol
eoal-oil, and ltuhtiiiu the former produced an
explosion through which both childicn wiro
ilASEMMi STANDINGS THIS MORNING.
irws we, ftniA , irfs,.e, rrt
rto.ton .. . 4:1 y:i (i.VjVhlc.irn.. . ;n m .471
iNw Vi.rk V! 24 .iiri'l Pitl.hnrr 20 42 It".'
ClitioliaU . 42 -.M tlllQljntllJin'l... 2.1 4!l .' OS
Phlla ;il .10 .oil.iIU'.'jiu (m, :.'ii 4:1 ,;u7
Vtr I Vr
nin. .ml. r.Kl t ir-ii fnl. nil
St I.oill.. ,Vi 2.1 ,ll7.i I'inelnnltl. 41 .'It .517
Hmoklyn 4ll 2 7 .11.(11 Kan Car ill 42 .4.".j
Atlilniu 411 :iil .till t'olnmlill. VH 47 117:1
lialliiiium. il :i.' .502 Uiui.vllle. 17 51) .221
rr 1 P"
HVs f. rtn II in. wl. cut,
WllhVh'rre ill 111 .1120 Hartford .'!() 27 .52(1
,.i,vik :4 24 .''Ml Ixlftrll -.M :4 MSI)
,lorsjCll) HI 22 ..'it-5 Nw H'n 20 il.l .1177
Wurce.lcr. t!2 24 .571 t..tou . IU 2tl .278
S Year Ago Ta.Uai,
LlAOl'K. AXEUICAK AlS'ff.
Hn oje, r, if. n.'.XAW, rt.
Chlc.io. .44 25 .tl.iK fit. LonU. 4(1 2: ,il7
Unroll . 4:1 vr, k')'J Urnokln . 4H 2il .1140
Now York it 27 .110.1 Uuc nliatl. 4 2 1120
IU.I..U. :ll ll.i . V 7 AtUlctlc . 41 2K .5114
Thill a.'l ll.l .50(1 iltltlinore. . It J 118 ,457
riitahnra. 2.". IIB IIH7 i oilll'e.. "5 47 .:)4N
Initian'll. 21 42 .:i,.-lt l'n.l . 24 45 .1147
Wfhm'lon v:i 45 .II.I'ilK.n Oily. . 21 48 .304
New York at Philadelphia.
Washington at Boston.
Indianapolis at ('hlcauo.
I'ittsbui g at Cleveland.
Bt. Louis at C'olumbiii.
Now Haven at Newark.
Wurccster at Wilkcsharie.
Athletic at Jersey City.
A Counterpart ot Field nnie.
V.ftf play ftbown VVIIH.ma. Indoor Dacabatl Gam.
glared od diamond board 1 A2 card. 10 ttlostratoa. Of
paldlnc, rack Bnid.r, aaddialara. '.
AWOKE IN THE CELLAR
Altbongb Nicolo Gelsco Went to Bed on
tbe Third Floor.
A Falling Chimney Rosponsiblo for
His Midnight Trip.
Due Out Unhurt Beneath a Pile of
Bricks and Mortar.
Nicolo Gssco, a dark-eyed, brown Italian
of forty sunny Summers, lives in a throe,
story aud attio frame building at 05 Bayard
street. Nicolo is tho usual typo of tho native
of La Bolla Napoli, transplanted from tho
picturesque filth and dirt ot the fair city that
sits upon tho smiling water of tho Bay of
Naples to the unplcturesquo dirt and tilth of
this blossed town.
Frugal, simple, laborious, Nioolo gatberod
the littlo pleasures that cropped out of bis
lile in the great city with innocent delight.
Not the least of the sweets which outered into
his existence was when he tueked himsoif
away at night iu his bed and slept tho sleep
of tbe weary.
Last night Nicolo stretched himself on bis
pallet, clad in the light and airy habiliments of
those who engage in tbo pastime of sleouiug.
The warmth ot the Juiy evening did not
keep the soft touch of slumber from we gh
ing down tho brown eyel ds of Nicolo and
s, on he was in the land of Nod. dreaming
tbe happy dreams of innocence and light
heartedues. When Nicolo retired ho went to bed on the
third floor. Wbeu he awoke, at a little after
1 o'clock this morn.ng, he fuuud himsoif in
This transition was as great as that of a
fairy tale. Nicolo did not know what to
make of it. There was a more than usual
stuffiness in tbe air. Moreover the perfumo
of mortar and dust regaled b s nostrils.
When ho went to bed 1 n the third floor he
had very littlo coveringhim. When ho awoke
in the basement be found that he was too well
covered. A motley collection of brick, mor
tar, laths and other building material paeked
What had happened?
Simply this : 1 he chimney had weakened,
and instead of maintaining its nprigh ness,
which is so valuable a point in the effective
ness of a chimney, it toll, and great was tho
fall thereof. It carried with it different con.
tlguous parts of the house.
It also carried with it Nicolo.
That is why he went to sleep in tho airy
third story and awoke iu lie lowly cellar,
lie was carefully excavated, and it was dis.
covered that bis drop through tho bouso in
tbe woke of the falling chimney had pro.
duoed no more serious result than nwakening
bim and exposing him to an unpleasant
atmosphere impregnated with dust and
Ho was not allowed to inhale this long
enough to do him any harm. When be was
dug out he looked like a miller, or like a
Jnuc-bug that had been poking around a
After this Nicolo will sound tbe chimneys
near which he may sleep, and trv to ascertain
whetuer they are tottery or not. A three
story drop is not always so harmless.
Tho ground floor of the house is occupied
as a clothing store by Bridget Clavton and
Catharine Unify, two old sisters who usually
slept in the rear Of tho store.
Last night they moved their bed Into tbe
store itself, fortunately, as tho chimney
crashed through the floor directly upon tbe
spot where their bed formerly stood.
The whole house was in un uproar in a
moment, and the police oleaioi everybody
out after rescuing tbo affrighted inmates,
and seta watch alter the firomeu of Hook
and Ladder Company No. 1 hud mode the
place secure as possible.
Another Italian who was in the bouso was
so frgotened that be ran away, and bas not
been seen since.
ALL FAVOR TUE WORLD'S FAIR.
Thursday' Merlins at Ibe City Hall la D
Attended by Many Prominent Citizens.
Mayor Grant has received many letters from
prominent citizens, stating that they will attend
Thursday afternoon's meeting at tho City Halt
to talk over the proposed World's Eipo.ition to
be held in thia city in 1802.
The following persona write that they will bo
pre'ent In addition to thoao whose letters have
already been noted:
Mce-1'resident Levi I'. Morton : Samuel flom
reis. Preside t of the American Federation of
Labor; George E'nct. Calvin N. Brier, Edward
Kearney, J. l'lcrinuit Morgan and many
Among those who wrote that they were
heaitilyin favor ot tho Imposition but who-e
abotice from the cily would prevent their
alien. latieo at the pieliminary meeting were
Se ator Evarts, Thomas A. Edison aud Morris
Hun liver and Killed.
Goorgo Wood, a Urooklyn car-driver, was ar
rested this morning and held to await tliu action
of tho Coroner. Hermann Muuson, nine years
old.of H2 State str(ct,was run over at .Tnralcmon
and l-'iirmaii stiei t , iat uiglit bv Wood's car,
and died an hour mtcr nt M. Peter's Hosp'tal.
'Iho buy na- plating cm a pile ot bricks and fell
under tho car wheels.
Mruck with a I'nlr nf Hhenra.
Ellas Lipsius, fifteen 5 ears old, nas held in
the Essex Market Police Court this morning to
await thu reiult of injurica iumeted by him on
Samuel Klayber. During a quarrel iu tho
overall factory at 4.1 Korsvth street, vtl day
Lip-tus struck Klavl er with a pair 01 shears, in
fllctliig r. seijous wound. The injured lad was
removed to the Gouverneiir Hospital.
O'llrlen Wants a New Trial.
i.rrtAt CAiiLr. to is. rrrf' 'Tmr..
London, July 22. A motion will bo niado for
a new trial in Editor William O'Brien's milt for
slander airalmt L rd Salisbury. It is claimed
that tho Jury which returned a verdict for Salts
bury ou Saturday was misdirected.
Cut Ills Thrnnl vvllh n Penknife.
Herman Herzog, flfty.eliilit Jiars old, a Clcr. 1
man clerk, of tin:) Lexington avenue, at- '
tempted suicide this morning by rutting his ;
throat with a iM'tikiiire. Howas removed to the
llailcni Hospital a prisoner. His wound la eon.
. m m
Fell OfTthe Koof While A.leep.
Patrick Duffy, fifty ycara old. of 718 Eaat
Eleventh street, while asleep on tho roof of his
re sidence, fell one storv and broko his right arm
and was Injured lutcrually. Hu was taken to
.Madden' Dody Recovered.
The body of Michael Madden, cook of tbe
brick barge llay, who was drowned at pier tl
last night, was recovered at that place at 0,30
o'clock this morning.
'-jMJjfci-. i-tftfrtet iB'aiftiMfcisii'iiiili'iiiiii
LOVE AND THEFT.
A Trusted Clerk Decamps With tbe
And a Protty Cashier of a Rostau
rant Also Disappears.
They Aro Believed to IJnvo Kloped to
the Far West.
Theodore Cohn, a clerk, nineteen years of
ago, employed iu the clothing firm of A. II.
King .t Co. , at C27 and 629 Broadway, baa
disappeared and some of the firm's cash with
He was sent to the Tradesmen's Bank with
? 1,63 to deposit. The young man deposited
SG24, which wero in bills aud gold, in bis
vest ooket, and forgiug tho signature of tho
bank clerk returned to tbo store.
Ho was sent out the afternoon of the same
day to pay the promium on a policy to the
New York Mutual Lifo Insurance Company.
Ho did not return, and failod to put in an ap
pearance the following day.
At the bank the signature of the clerk was
recognized as a forgery.
Young Cohn has been iu the employ of A.ll.
Kin" A- Co. six years and the firm was per
fectly sat stlcd with bim. He got a sa ry of
118a week and dro sed very well. He "wan
tall und good-lookina and excited some stir.
prise by the way he dressed ou tbe money he'
got. vi. i
" The woman in tho case " is pretty Frtda
Siegel. the twenty.two.year.old caabier at1
Iho 1'uok Bestaurant at S3 Houston atroet.
She is a beautiful, coquettish girl, and was
recognized by John Brnndenmour a 'a help-,
to his business bv heratiractlveneufto the"
gentlemen patrons of the place.
Young CoUu was badly stuck on tbe dark."
eyed Iidm and lunched and supped and
played pnker.dloe at the Puck Bestaurant'
constantly Ibat bo might rather the sweetness
of Fridn'a luscious glances and sweet words.
' hey are supposed to have coped toge her,
and tho firm have interested Inspector
Byrnes's men in looking up the young man.
f no younp; people ore supposed to have
married. Frida had several opportunities of
settling herself well matrimonially, but sha
war romantic, and wished love and sent!,
ment to have part in the placing of her young
The young people went to Coney Island
and bad a good time. Thooelore niav have
persuaded Filda to cost in her lot with bim.
as they disappeared the next day. and Erida's
younger sister was in great affliction over tbe
departure of the pretty girl.
Thev were seen on Desbrosses street ferry,
but slnoe their departure Friday night no
other information has been had of the run
aways. It is thought they may have gone
The firm has not yet examined to sea if
young Cohn, who so surcessfallj made away
with tJCOO of its money, has been indulging
iu smaller peculations. He had access to the
mo oy and could have abstracted small sums
and fixed up the accounts so as tocover it.
For a young man of nineteen years Theo
dore Cohn bos started in at a pretty lively
gait, po ketiug theso hundreds lrom his em
ployers and then stealing Mr. Brandenmour's
sweet little rnsbier.
The young gentlemen habitues of the Puck
restaurant pa) for their grub with a melan
choly grace, now that the smiling Frlda is
not ou bund to take in their boodle. Frida
o ilv la'ely retunied from Germany, and gavo
out that a young gentleman over there was
coming to America pretty soon to marry
bor. Ho it may bo that a disnpp- inted swain
is to be inoluded in Theodore Cohn's
6CLLIYAN WILL STAY OYER.
And Al Crlda-n Will Not Fay Out the
HlaUe To. llay.
Tho fiullivan-Kllraln stakes, now in the hands
of AI Cridge, will not be paid over to the Cham
plon's backers to-day,
Sullivan will not go to Boston to-day, as was
generally expected, but will wait until Wednes
day. No reason is given for the change of pro
gramme, but the big fellow waa up until 3
o'clock this morning receiving; friends, and was
piobably too tned to undertake the tourney,
The utAkcs will pot be asked for until Hnilivan
returns, which will probably t.e on Saturday.
'1 hero the usual ciowd ot loungers around
the Vnudeibilt Hotel thia morning, all peerinie
eagerly into the hiiroom and oftics for a sight
at the champion.
Sullivan was still in bed at 1 1 o'clock, when
an Evkmno Would reporter called.
Jack llarn'tt was the only one of the party to
hi seen, and lie cave the reporter the informa
tion hero ptcscnted.
DEATn WASN'T INVITED. EITHER.
And He Took I'unakod Patrick Foley Away
train tbe I'ea.t with Him.
l.rrriAL to tft etihino wosr.n.l
Bitinotror.T, July 22.- Until au early luur
thia morning festiv'ties wero kept up at Kelly's
Hall over thu double weddini: which brought
about tho union of Frank I'orehka aud Mis.
Kraimaiidof Vict ir Slehlek andjC'arne l'oichka.
'Iho jollification was only temporsrily inter
rupted by the latal accident which befell l'atricu
loley was not invited, but managed to bo
lie snt in a window to cool off and lothis
balance, fallinir sixty lent to the sidewalk below.
He was killed lustsiitiy.hls laco boiug ciushed
into an unrecognizable ;cUy. 'ihc remain were
removed by thu police.
INSANE FROM LOSS OF BLOOD.
Mra. Miller, the rrlond of Murderer Appo's
fon, Iteporleil in He Deller.
Mrs. Sarah Jane Miller, of 207 West Fortieth
it re et. who waa found iusauo at Sixth avenue
and Fortieth atiect, whero ihu waa kneeling and
praying vociferously, and who waa removed in
scab to the Thirtieth street police station bv a
gentleman who save tho 1 sine of (ieoigo Leon,
but who was recngulzed a. lleorce Aur. son nf
the Chinese wile murderer, was reported to be
sl'iihtiy better at Belle v no Hospital this morn-
j nu woman's insanity Is said to bo duo to loss
of blood from an internal malady from which
shu has been auffvriug for a year.
1USINFECT1NU CASTLE GARDEN.
The "rimall.I'ox" Mcare Net Entirely Over
The "emall.pox" scare at Castle Garden has
not yet entirely died away. Many of tho at
taches still wear anxious looka aud frequently
consult a lookiuu glass to ice If tho dreaded
blotches are not already cov ering their facet.
Janitor Harry Bruce worked like a beaver all
the morning, putting Sun gallons of carbolio
disinfectants where It would do the moat gooc.
Tho child with tbe mea.les. which first earned
tte scare, is in tho hospital at Swinburn Island
and U icpoited to bo doing well.
ttA 1 j tttk JlJ .jJLiTulA 1 'lift ilf frith aJ
IN A FIRE AT SEA. J
A Boston Steamer Destroyed and Tift SI
Firemen Lost. SI
One Lady Among the Six Passen- W
gers In tho Cabin. J
The Coptaln and Survivors Reach Neva Ml
Bedford To-Day. fl
larrcuL to ti evis na woato. 1 Ta I
New BroyortD. Mass., July 22. Cap. Jl
Wylio and cmw of tho Boston steamer
Lorenzo D. Baker arrived at this port, thia .91
morning, on the whaler Franklin. jfl
Their own vessel was burned at soa and tb Mm
Kurvlvors havo a thrilling story of their "wl
Two firemen were lost with the snip. fll
Capt. Wylie told his story fo I'm Evewh 4
World reporter in tbe following words : 31
( ' ' Wo left Port Antonio, Jamaica. July 10. il
with a cargo of bananas for Boston. Wo hac jil
"six cabin passengers. Mrs. Elizabeth Lime, Mm
of Dundeo. Seotiond; Josinh Dillon, of II
Iowa j Lorenzo D. Baker, jr., of Wollfleet. J I
Muss.: Jeremiah O'Cal ahan. of Boston, and $
Lrnest B. Thing, of Lynn. Then there wero Hm
Lawreuce Jensen and Peter Boxlld. sallorv. 'M
i who were working their passage, and nine- "fm
teen of the officers and crew, iu all twenty- Jl
seven persons. f
"Wo had fair, smooth weather up to tho M
evening ot July 15. tue day of tbe disaster.
I when we were in latitude 83.15 north, longi- vifl
I tude 69. 19 west. At this time a fresh galo o
from the southwest set in, causing tbe shin &m
to roll some, but not severely. ' xH
At aliout eight bells, miduight, there was 3
, an alarm of fire. I went out on deck and saw ,!
that tho engine-room was in a blaze. I
ordered the lire hose on. but tbe engineer m
said he could not get at the Dumps. vfl
"Then I oidered the fire buowts and '
immediately alarmed tbo passengers and , im
ordered the steamer's boats to be swung out. 2mt
Byth.s timo the Annies had burst through Ifl
i the top of the engine room and the starboard -
boat was on fire.
We swung ont tbo port boat and lowered il
her. and I had the lady passenger put in this -
boat and ordered It to bo manned. Two ,H
other passengeis then got into the boat, but ''
the men had gono forward. This operation JH
had occupied about ten minutes. H
"The fire was then within three feet of -'
us and the heat to those who stood by the iB
boat was intense. Placing tho boat's painter H
in the hands of a sailor and telling him to 'S
hold it fast, I ordered 'the first '
mato to lake the bow, and spring- fH
ing into the stern, told the men at 'S
the falls to lower away, thiuking as soon as ,j
the boat was nJoat and detached from tho ' H
tackles to return on board aud get out the . H
raft aud small boat, as t bey were then com. '
p erativ 'y safe and away from the firs. H
"But as tho bo.it strnek the water it irame- :
distely capsized and threw us into i bo sea.
On oomiug to tbo sura-e I found tbo man !.H
holding tho painter bad let go of it when bo ,H
saw tbe disaster, so tnat tbo boat was near us. "H
Helping the iiassenners to a safe hold on the ;
keel, iu a ew moments the mato aud myself 'H
succeeded in righting the boat and getting '
our company to safe positions again. H
" Wo bailed the boat, took the passengers
iu and looked around for the ship which bad 'mm
by this timo drifted about half a mile away. fl
" When about balf way to it we loll in with '
tho raft which had eight pa seugers on it. It
floated with only one eud above water, har- H
ing been injured iu launching. Wo took all :fl
on board tbo raft into the boat. -
" After rowing some time longerwe picked H
up a sailor floatiu on tht gangway steps. 'B
From him we learned that he bad gone in tho 'H
small boat and that four sailors and two tire- JH
mm wero left on lioard, they being cut off S
fuim tbe boats by tlie fire. One fireman bad H
been drowned in trying to reach tbe small " H
' The distance between us and the burning M
ship was gradually increasing, bnt still as fl
wind aud tea would permit we struggled to H
get to the wreck. The forenoon was rapidly H
passing nway when to our great joy we saw a H
schooner bo.irin' down ou the ship. M
" We saw her lay by and approach and tako H
off some raon aud then come tow irds us. Wo M
were soon safely ou board the vessel, which mm
pioved to be ih whaling schooner Frankliu, IH
Cunt. ltos, ot New Bedford. H
' We found she bad taken five men from a IH
spar alougs'de the steamer. Another fireman !mm
hud been drowns I in swimming from tho .
steamer's bowsprit to tbe spars to which tho ,m
sailors clung. At tho time tho steamer had H
bnrued to within three feet of the water's 'jB
edge and was a mass of flame. :H
' ' W soon found Iho small boat ond j
twenty-five out of tweuly.seven souls who J
bad beeu on board tho steamer wero oafo on ZmW
board tho Franklin."
TRIED TO STAB A POLICEMAN. jU
llnssle Deckman Made u. Thrust at TJIas mW
Y lib a Lana- Hairpin. lmm
In the Jefferson Market Police Court to-day iM
Maggie Beckman was charged with acting dhv. hmW
orderly in the streets. Justice Gorman com- '.H
mltted tho woman to the island for six months. ''1
While being led back to prison by Policeman JaTafl
Behr the woman drew a long hairpin from her mmt
hair and made a lunto at tho olllccr'a heart. itM
Investigation showed tho pin to bo 7 inches iB
Tho officer saw the blow coming and Jumped H
aside. Deckman was onco more brought before. 'mm
the Court and held in 1,000 bail for assault '"H
I upon the officer. ;'
m m ,all
Fair and Warmer. 'tmW
, . I Washisjotos, July S3, AL
ill or Western JVeta vfLl
4f nVw'Si 1",rfc Fatri teannert 'iimm
UN nn( The weather today, jf H
tWZ&StMwW luJ'clteil b Blakely's H
W,llnwr:a'mTrJ tele-thermometer i ZH
msa 1R88.I I8t. iMa. jl
3M-::::::B V-iXA r II
Anna lor past twautr-'oar hours, 77 4-0 Mgrjm, Smmm
, ATtttrs f or corrMpoadtns tun last TWtt IrO mwM