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The evening world. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1887-1931, July 20, 1895, NIGHT EDITION, Image 1

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EXTRA NO. 5. " Circulation Books Open to All." JUO&CD Circulation Books Opeu toAU.j E.X 1 HA 1NU. O. S
M PRICE ONE CENT. NEW YORK, SATURDAY, JULY 20, I WW. PRICE ONE CENT. S
I NIGHT EDITION
i DEFENDER FIRST HOME.
I The New Yacht Leads Vigi
I lant by Two Minutes and
I Forty Seconds.
I TO WINDWARD THROUGHOUT.
I Wind Light on the Way Down
I the Coast, but Freshened
I on the Return.
Hit (Special to The Eitnlnj WorlJ )
MA HIOHLANDS OF NAVESINK. July
Bfl W. Defender won her first trial under
HH real racing conditions In her race to-
HHj lay with Vigilant crossing the finish
BM Una lets than three minutes ahead of
IB kr rival.
H Til start was made In the lightest sort
iBM f south-southeast wind, which after-
SM wards shifted to more southerly and
JHj Anally to nearly southwest.
jBV During the race the breeze freshened,
Bl (and' the big flyers came home under
NUL mainsails, clubtopsalls, Jibs and spln-
IjWf" Bakers, with a breeze that made some
Bs of thslr smaller companions double-reef
Hjfc mainsails.
HK Dteir crossed the finish line at I
HF 160.20 it. . igllant at 2 53. These times,
W, while not official, are taken from the
-& Scotland Lightship. Defender thus wins
Mt by two minutes and forty seconds. As
Hit, neither of the yachts has furnished
TWw racing measurements, the extent of De-
jKi fender's victory, or even whether she
IF lv W0U'1 have won or not, under time al-
I ffl$ lowancs rules, cannot b made known.
I JLM It Is estimated though, that Defender
WR. should give Vigilant an allowance of
Srnjf n'rly or quite three minutes, over a
ft thlrty-mUe-eourse, which would make
I to-day's race practically a dead heat.
"Wj The preparatory gun was nred from
I:.f the flagship Sylvia at 11.20 A. M. and
ws both yachts began manoeuvring for
rflK position.
SB Defender showed great ability in com-
!K litg about during the preparatory spllt-
Kfg tlrlg of tacks, and wnen, at 11.30, the
Btra "rat ,lartln8 "un w fired, she was at
Br3 the line and flashed across on port tack
jlft at gun fire. Vigilant was to leeward
ML i and Just thirty seconds later In getting
M I over the line.
UV . Both stood for the New Jersey shore,
iBBif heading for Long Branch.
HB The wind was very light at the start
BHT. and a thick bank of haze lay to the
HB-Y southward, ready to envelope both rac
HHjjf ers when they should reach It.
HH Defender's headsalls began to shake
HHt In the wind as her helm went down
H. and she came about after standing on
HHL hls tack about four minutes. Vigilant
HHF quickly followed and both stood to the
HHT eastward on starboard tack.
BVLSt When the yachts disappeared In the
HHfAjhaze, Defender seemed to lead by nearly
HjV a mile and was footing faster than
W Vigilant, but the latter seemed to be
HH pointing up with the new Herreshofler.
HBL Reports .from along the coast gave
HjE Defender's le'ad variously at from one
L half to three-quarters of a mile, with a
HHE better position to windward.
HHp While both were Invisible from the
Hn shore, the breeze began to freshen and
AVI u became evident that the return down
BY wind would be made In real racing
MM weather.
HHJ Sure enough, when the yachts made
HHF 'their reappearance from out the bank
HHT of mist, only six miles fnira the finish,
HHL' they were seen flying along like verlt-
VH able sea birds, with every rag bulging
AW before a brisk twenty-mile wind, fairly
Bj flying to the finish line.
H Vigilant ,had made up much of her loss
HH comng down wind, a fact which the
HH. centreboard cranks made much of, con-
HJ tending that In her immense shifting
BH keel lay all the virtue of her gain.
J Everybody In the telegraph towers
VHl made a rush for their field glasses, and
BK! tthtre Defender was, plainly enough, just
BV 'emerging from the smoking haze away
flB off to the southeast of the Highlands,
HI and not more than six miles from the
T ' nnun.
Bhe had a mainsail and spinnaker
I sjet, and as she came booming along
through the white caps, she was
followed by a long string of steamboats
B, land tugs, which came looming up
V 'through the thick mist, one after an
99 ether, as the procession moved along.
II A few seconds after Vigilant came
M out of a shroud of fog and followed
AT along closely In the trail of her rival.
HJ. Like Defender, Vigilant was also car
Hi! fylng her big spinnaker and seemed to
HJ' .be moving along In great shape.
K In fact by reports from Long Branch
HJ earlier in the afternoon, she must have
BJv ,. tn'ovtrhaullng Defender rapidly from
H! ths time they turned the stakeboat.
Hk ' At 136 Defender was abreast of High-
Aj. land Light. She was followed closely by
Hi a score of tugs and steam yachts.
Bl' Her big sails bulged out and she
BJ Msmed to fly along the waves like a
BJ fclgantlc sesblrd.
BK. Vigilant was 3 minutes and 15 seconds
Bjk Mhlnd her. Defender seemed to be los
IH t ft ground on the latter end of the
BJ ' tomestretch, and the crowd on shore
iBj watched the race with breathless In-
l.B Wrest
B Ths 'has had cleared away so that
(iMsL. J
both aclits were clearly In sight and
no glasses were needed to watch the
exciting finish.
As the Defender passed up towards ths
fleet, a winner In the first of ths great
trial races, she was received with a
tremendous blast of steam whistles from
the assembled vessels and several sa
lutes were fired from the yachts which
were ijlnir-to in the neighborhood of
the Scotland Lightship.
The din of the whistles and the fog
horns could be distinctly heard on short
ut the Highlands, nearly four miles
away.
Vigilant was greeted with the same
uproarious burst of screaming whistles
on the excursion steamers and yachts
and the cheering of the spectators,
I which nsi In sufficient volume to reach
the shore.
9
THE NEWS BY PIGEONS.
Pros-res of thi- Race Watched from
"The World's" Tag.
(Br Csrrltr Plrtoa te Tie Krenlni Worll )
ON BOARD "THE WORLD" TUO.
SCOTLAND LIGHTSHIP, Julye).
Plgeons will carry this story of ths
yacht race. Fifteen or twenty of ths j
I little flyers are resting quietly In their
baskets. They have not been fed since
3 o'clock yesterday afternoon, and they
I will waste no time In getting home.
At v.30 o'clock the wind Is southeast
a six to eight knot breeze moderate
wind for Defender and Vigilant to try
each others racing capabilities.
Hundreds of tugs are puffing about
the Lightship and scores of sohooner
yachts speed In and out, and out and
in, waiting for the starting signal.
Among them are the Shamrock, Fleet-
wing, Norseman and Lasca.
As "The World" tug puffed down
through the Narrows the wind was
south southeast and one seemed to feel
Its dying breath, but as It neared Sandy
Hook It freshened and gave Indications
of developing Into a fine racing breeze.
The atmosphere was hazy. One could
hardly see a man to windward. Pass
ing Sandy Hook many a pair of glasses
swept the horizon In a vain endeavor to
locate the cup denfender and the gallant
yacht which was to try her qualities.
Vigilant Appears First.
Finally, at 9.45 o'clock, the big main
sail, staysail and jib of the Vigilant
were seen beyond the yellow sands
of the Hook. She moved slowly around
the Hook and then began to beat
towards ths lightship.
In the meantime there wss no sign
of Defender. She bad been towtd down
at 7.30 o'clock by the tug E. S. Atwood, i
but neither tug nor yacht could be dts-1
covered.
At last she was seen through the
haze about one point east of Scotland
Lightship, playing about under mainsail,
staysail, jib and club topsail.
At 11 o'clock the pride of '93 and the
hope of '95 swooped towards each other
and then stood away waiting for the
signal gun.
Half a mile from the Lightship th.
New York Yacht Club's chartered Iron
steamboat, Cepheus, was loafing about
with human beings hanging to her lee
tide like flies to a sugar loaf.
The wind had freshened a bit and thers
weie little white frills to the waves like
white trimmings to a woman's blue
gown.
The Start at 11.30.
At 11 20 the preparation gun was fired
and the accompanying red ball went up
on the flagship.
Then began the beautiful manoeuvring
for position, the Defender standing off,
closely followed by Vigilant.
In this manner they swept across and
back a half mile of water.
At 1130 the starting gun boomed and
Instantly Defender flashed across the
line on the starboard tack.
Two hundred yards behind came Vigi
lant on the same tack and they were
off on a fifteen-mile beat to windward
and return.
At the same Instant the tugs, steam
yachts and other sailing craft filled
away.
At 11.33 Defender went about.
Each boat carried baby jib-topsails
ready to take In, and just before they
crossed the line club-topsails, fore-stay-sails,
jib and mainsail.
Thirty-six minutes were lost In man
oeuverlng by the yachts, both trying
for the advantage.
Defender tried hard to get the wind
ward as the gun was fired.
Defender was the first to cross the
line, breaking out her baby topsail at
11.30 Vigilant crossed at 11.30 1-2, sllght
y to windward
i Defender Immediately began to gain
on the first tack. Both held their
positions a few minutes. Vigilant on
starboard tack.
Vigilant remained on starboard tack
four minutes and then went about.
Almost at the same moment De
fender went on the starboard tack.
The question was whether or not De
fender would turn the bow of Vigilant.
A moment later they came together on
opposite tacks.
Defender Crosses Visitant's Dow.
Defendsr easily crossed the bow of
Vigilant to windward on the weather
side.
IN THE HORSESHOE.
Early Moraine Conditions Not at
AJ1 Proalilns for a Race.
(Special to tht Evtnlnt World )
HIGHLANDS OF NAVESINK. N. J..
July 20. Early morning Indications off
Bandy Hook were not as gratifying as
they might have been to the hosts of
yachtsmen who are Interested In the
first real trial of speed between the two
big single-stickers, Defender and Vigi
lant, to-day, over the ocean course, for
ths. 3200 cup offered by the New York
Yacht Club.
What they looked for was a piping
breeze and dashing spray, which would
put both the big yachts on their mettle
and show just what they were made of.
Such conditions were necessary to bring
out speed and furnish a reliable test of
the merits of the two racing types which
they represent.
Judging from the early outlook, how
ever, the races are fated to be sailed In
light breezes, and ths skilful handling
of ths yachts under such circumstances
will be a greater factor In the result
than ths capacity for speed In good
racing weather.
Earlr Conditions Not Promising.
Ths morning broke with scarcely a
breeze to ruffle the surface of old
ocean, which stretched out almost aa
calm and smooth as a mlllpond, from
ths hills of ths Nsveslnk. What little
wind there was came from the south
wtst, and It was hardly enough to
straighten out the big flag that flapped
from the high pole In front of the twin
lights. Veterans and weather sharps
I and thers were plenty of them who
gsag'ssBaigSns ,-; r-
DEFENDER IN RACING TRIM.
know all about such things at Nave
sink shook their heads dubiously as
they scanned the horizon and sniffed
the air.
"If she shirts to the nori. , one of
them said, "we may get a fair sailing
breeze about noon, but we can't calcu
late on much of a wind to-day."
The sun rote In a thick bank of haze
which had settled down during the night
on the eastern horizon.1 and It was fully
two hours before Its 4rk was, cjsarly j
visible. The hazs shut out the'vlew of
everything at sea, further than two or ,
three miles from the beach, and not
even the Scotland Lightship, which Is
three snd a half miles from shore, was
visible.
All that could be teen from the hill
top were ths misty Mltllnss) of half a
dozen fishing smacks and schooners, as
they lay off shore for their early catch.
Light Dreese Dispersed the Hase.
Towards o'clock the atmosphere be
gan to clear a little, the wind seemed
to be shifting towards, he sfctuand at
that hour was bowing WrtAVkt the
beach. It had not 'Increased a particle
In force and was scarcely strong enough
to have enabled the yachts to complete
the thirty-mile course within the time
limit fixed for the International contest.
This rule, however, dots not govern to
day, and It was believed that In any
csss the trial would be Interesting as
showing the light weather sailing quali
ties of ths two flyers, even though it
might not furnish a conolustvt test of
their actual relative merits.
About halt a dozen yachts oame down
from tht city last evening and during
tht night lay at anchor In the Horseshoe
off Sandy Hook, In order to get an early
stsrt tor ths Lightship this morning.
Among them was Vigils nt, and her tall
matt towered above the spars of the
other craft In the neighborhood. Her
tender was lying to near by.
Defender Towed to the Start.
The great gathering of the yachts thlt
morning wat at Bay Rldgt, oft the
Atlantic Yacht Ctub-House. Prepara
tions for the start foi Sandy Hook be
gan at daybreak among the fleet of
steam and sailing craft anchored there
and at 7 o'clock the procession wsa al
ready on its way down the harbor for
the scene of the great contest,
Defender got up anchor early this
COURSES SAILED BY THE YACHTS.
" P if r tsfl -'-if
"VjANAtti,ic c. '
aJftlLitMrj X ' '
V. V A ' "" " Be feJJec a,
Sf'UtJ A ' - c..... .. VieilANT
'""la-Soi 7 X '
(Bold Unas Indicate Defender's and dotted lines Vlgllant's.)
morning from the anchorage off the
Atlantic Yacht Club-Housn, where she
had lain all night, and was towed down
through the Narrows.
She passed Quarantine at 8.10 and pro
ceeded directly out to sea, passing
Sandy Hook at 9 o'clock.
Her crew had been busy while she was
being towed down the bay, and when
she reached the Hook ho had mainsail
and clubtopsall aloft and sheeted home.
All down the New Jersey coast as far
as Asbury Park people are getting ready
to watch the races. Cottages along the
beach will keep open house for their
friends and droves of patriotic peoplt
from the Inland towns and settlements
wll come to the sea shore with thtlr
families. In tht hope of getting a view
of the famous old Vigilant and her new
rival for supremacy.
The first news of the racing sloops re
ceived at the Highlands after they dls-
awattea with more than ordinary In
terest by the yachting experts.
The result would surely settle an Im
portant point In the discussion of the
relative merits of keel and centroboard
yachts which hss been going on ever
since the model was adopted In the con
struction of the Defender.
ON THE CLUB STEAMER.
What .N. Y. Y. C. Onests Saw of the
Race from the Cepheos.
(Dr Ctrtlir Pls.oii to Th. Ermine WorlO. )
ON BOARD IRON STEAMBOAT
CEPHEUS, off Sandy Hook, July 80.
Although It had been extensively ad
vertised that the Iron tSearaboat Ce
pheus, with the New York Yacht Club
officials on board, would not start for
the scene of the race until 9.30 o'clock,
yet pier 1 East River was crowded for
fully two hours before that time.
NIGHT EDITION 1
A WIRE FROM MIDI, 1
'I
Telegraphic Messages from 1
"The Evening World's" I
Captive Balloon. 1
ASCENT UNDER DIFFICULTIES. 1
The Experiment Demonstrates that m
It Is Feasible to Report the Yacht M
Races from the Sky. M
HIOHLANDS OP NAVHSINK, July
20. 1.15 P. M "The Evening World"
balloon la just ascending. The telegraph
wire Is working well.
I am just clear of the ground In the
balloon. There has been a long delay in
filling with gas.
I am now about seventy feet and di
rectly over the two towers of the light
house. The wind is blowing about fifteen
mllei at this altitude, and the balloon
Is coming down In n tree. I am now ten
feet from the ground but did not bump.
Please have some one write this as I
will have to cling In a second.
The balloon has shot up again. I am
now up about 100 feet. I am afraid 1
nave not enough gas to get up. The
top of the hill Is black with people and
they are cheering me In great shape.
When I went up the crowd cheered
wildly for "Ths Evening World."
I am afraid I'll bang Into tho light
house and do damage Now I go up to a
height of 200 feet and down again to
within 40 feet of the ground. From this
altitude It Is possible to see much
further at sea, but nothing can yet be
seen of tho yachts, which are still
hidden In the thick fog to the south-
'""'"", vigilant
y i "
MANOEUVRING FOR THE aTART.
sppeared In the haze at noon, was short
ly after 1 o'clock, when a report came
from the Life-Saving Station at Long
Branch, which said that the yachts had
just passed that station with Defender
about three quarters of a milt In tht
lead.
They were standing down the coast
on port tack. The breeze had freshened
perceptibly and was then blowing up the
shore at fully fifteen miles an hour.
With tht wlrd holding out at this rate
the facers will be able to make quick
time or. the home stretch and there
was ever)- prasject that the contest
would be finished by 8 30.
At 1.20 It was reported from Long
Branch that the yachts were then on
starboard tack, standing off shore, and
Defender's lead seemed to be then fully
a mile. Both boats went about at the
same time and Defender's leading posi
tion to the windward was fully assured.
According o Capt. Warden's de
spatches the yachts must have been
within sight off Long Branch for nearly
twenty minutes. They then disappeared
In the haze, which still obscured the
view to seawaid.
The racers could not have been more
than a few miles from the turning
point at that time, for they had nearly
completed the tun of fifteen miles to
windward.
As the mist showed no signs of
clearing up. It was not thought that
another view of the yachts could be
had fiom shore before they approached
the Lightship at the finish.
At the Highlands, three miles out
from shore, the sea was rising and white
caps began to dot Its surface In every
direction. The smaller sailing craft,
which were playing about In tht heavy
waves, watting for the return of the
racers, began to shorten sail and several
little sloops were seen sailing about in
the billows with double rtefed main
sails. The Finish la a Dreese.
It was just the sort of weather to test
the sailing qualities of Defender In run
ning before the wind, a point which
has been the subject of vital Interest
In discussing the merits of the new
Herreshoft model ss she has never yet
had an opportunity to show her paces
under such conditions with a rival like
Vigilant,
For this reason the nturn trip was
1
There were hundreds of persons on
hsnd who had no possible hope of see
ing the race. So they contented them
selves Instead with taking a glance at
the gaily decked official boat and the
thousand or so yachtsmen and their
friends more favored for time. All
around the pier were dozens of other
boats ready to follow In the wake of the
Cephut and all of them loaded down
with excursionists. As a result It Is es
timated that fully 10,000 people were In
the vicinity of the Battery during tht
morning.
On board the Ceoheus all was buttle
and excitement. Pretty nearly every
member of the yacht cli.b who could
get down was on hand, and they took
possession of the lower deck. The upper
and third decks were crowded with the
friends of the members and several
ladles, whose varied costumes lent a
charm to the scene. Although there
were few of them who knew anything
of yachting, yet they talked like vet
erans. They were "luffing" and "tack
ing" In a manner to make dizzy the
head of those who thought they knew,
but didn't
All Sore of Defender.
Rut everybody was In excellent humor.
All the talk was of Defender, snd while
Vigilant had a host of friends, there
was not one on board who thought she
had a ghost of a chance. A rumor
started early In the morning that the
New York Yacht Club tickets for the
Cepheus had been counterfeited and a
strict watch was keut on ever' person
who appeared at the gangway. The
only thing of the kind found, however,
wss one genuine ticket the signatures to
which were forged. It is clalrred.
Commodore S. Nicholson Kane board
ed the official boat at 9 o'clock. The
Cepheus was then pretty well crowded,
but still they kept on coming up to the
very second of 42 o'clock, when, with
a couple of warning blasts, the boat
started from her pier. As she moved
off there was a cheer from those on
shore, but the yachtsmen on board
anxiously scanned the heavens to see
what kind of a breeze the weather
sharks had arranged for. They were
I (Continued on Second Page.)
I'mr (irrman Laundry Naaii. It's the Beat
n (tnulaa tu colon es wrtssof. t
- -.'& V, . 1 4.." "f.H .VVLii.
west. Now they are pulling me down
not enough gas.
At 1.3 o'clock the balloon landed safe
ly near the point from which It started
and "The Evening World" reporter was
assisted from the netting.
1.30 P. M. One of Prof, Myers's assist
ants, known as "Del Dare," stepped Into
the basket and sailed majestically away
The assistant being about fifty pounds
lighter than "The Evening World" re
porter, the balloon ascended to a height
nf WO feet, but did not succeed In main
taining that altitude. The big air
ship sways gracefully from side to side
and every now and then takes a slow
dip of 100 feet or so, then again rising,
12 35 P. M The ascension of "The Even
ing World" balloon has been delayed by
the slowness of the process of making
the hydrogen gas. This him been the
result of the poor quality of the ton of
wrought Iron tilings purchased for the
purpose In New York City.
The delay is only temporary. Tho big
balloon Is bellying out In grand style
and Is more than three-fourths full.
The top of the big golden globe Is now
on a line with the tree tops, and Prof.
Myers thinks that the ascension will be
mode In forty or forty-five minutes.
Preparing for the ascent. Crowds
gather and watch the generating of the
gas for the balloon.
The necessary work preparatory to
sending up ' The Evening World's" ob
servation balloon, from which an effort
Is to be made to give the story of the
race as seen from a point l.bOO feet in
midair by an "Evening World" report
er, was begun yesterday.
It was an undettaklng of no small
difficulty, for the big casks and tubs
and several tons of iron and chemicals
had to be transported all the way from
the station at Highland Beach, up the
teep hill 200 feet, to. the little plot of
open ground just behind the lighthouse.
Prof. Ctrl Ms ers. who Is In charge,
was busy nearly all night, assisted by
a force rf seven men, In getting his
apparatus in order, and this preliminary
work was not competed until after 8
o'clock this mornlnjr
DlEBcnltlca of Ilnlloon Deporting;,
Many unforeseen difficulties presented
tbemtelves, not the least of which was
I
the falluro of the water supply at tht H
lighthouse, which was depended upon M
to furnish the thirty or more barrels of ',vH
water necessary for generating tht by- H
drogen gas for Inflating the balloon. rH
The water finally had to be brought S
from a spring at the foot of the hill on ;JH
thu farther side, pall by pall, and this fM
caused some delay. 'vjH
At 9 o'clock this morning the gas-gen- ''
erntlng apparatus was all In order, jH
rnd the big sulphuric acid tanks were at ;9
work filling the baloon. As the day wa M
calm and there was so little wind. Prof. iiH
Myers decided to make the ascent with K
the medium-sized balloon, which has a gH
capacity of 6,W0 cubic feet of gas. lS
A big crowd of curious villagers gatn- ?B
ered In tho corner of the lighthouse !
grounds and watched the proceedings H
with eager Interest The announcement '''B
yesterday by "Tho Evening World" of H
Us Intended experiment In aerial report- ."jfl
Ing had spread the news everywhere in fjH
the vicinity and brought as many visit- -iH
ors to the Highlands as the yacht race. " j-H
A trial race between two such crack B
as Defender and Vigilant and the proa- g 9
pect of a novel and Interesting balloon '.-iH
ascension at the same time, was enough,. "''sB
to make Naveslnk tht most attractive ' -H
resort anywhere along the Jersey coast H
to-day. $jH
The eyes of a score or more of chU- J9
dren who capered aDout the InclotUre Jl
opened wide with wonder as the big fM
bag of yellov silk that Prof. Myers ' tM
had spread out upon tho green lawn U
began to swell and puff up with the gaa ''jl
from the retorts. M
The balloon Is held to the ground by a 7sfl
cross bar, securely driven In, to which il
Is attached a rope cable 1,600 feet In j M
length. The cable passes through a tH
block tackle, so that when the balloon B
Is ready It may be raised or lowered B
at will. Two or three men are sum- S
clent to manage It. ''
Direct to "Kicnlnsr World" Ozflce. ".!fl
The telegraphic Instrument of the '!
ordinary Morse tpe Is to be taken up '"H
by tht. observer. The battery Is upon ,jH
the ground and attached to the instru- H
ment is a double Insulated wire wound .
upon a reel and equal In length with tfl
the cable which holds the balloon. It Is -iH
connected with the wires of the Postal H
Telegraph Company In tht northern "a
tower of the twin lighthouses, and from '-'U
there directly with "The Evening -H
World" office. -',
At 10 o'clock considerable progress had 'fl
been made In tne Inflation of "The Even-
Ing World's" ulrshtp. The crowd about 'S
the gas generator when Prof. Myers and jM
his two assistants, Tracy Flsdell and ;S
Del Dare, were hard at work, had "S
grown so large that a rope had to be fl
stretched around the operating ground M
to keep them out of danger. :JH
Several parties of ladles and gentle- &fl
men from the hotels and cottages at :B
Seabrlght and Normandle-by-the-Bea U
came up to watch the progress of the 4H
work. Capt. C. E. Thompson, the chief V
light-keeper at Highlands, and his as- fl
slstants were active In aiding tht asro- H
nauts and affording them every facility jB
for making the balloon ready. 'V
A little cleared space of ground. Just Jfl
In the rear of the light-house grounds, jH
was used for the purpose, although i9
Commander Snow, the General Inspec- 'fl
tor of the district, had kindly given jH
"The Evening World" permission to jH
use the Government lnclosure, but It ''t
was not found necessary. '
Generated Gas on the Grounds,
Trof. Mjers had arranged his four vU
big casks, which served as retorts, under -''
a big spreading oak tree. These were 'J
about two-thirds full of water and each 9
contained about 00 pounds Iron fillings 9
and the contents of two carboys of sul- fl
phuric acid. In the centre of this quar- 'S
tet was a tube about four feet In dlara- ;H
eter, filled with lime water and great -B
chunks of Ice, Into which the pipes from fl
the four casks led, jH
The gas, as It was generated In the S
retorts, passed through the pipes Into V. iS
this tub, where It was cooled and col- fl
lected In another receiver, and then it '& HJ
was conveyed In oilcloth pipes to the K HJ
balloon, which was spread upon the
grass about twenty feet away. The gas H
had to be cooled and the moisture con- Isfl
traded from It before It could enter iwj
the balloon and the progress was very "iWj
slow at first When the gas comes SJ
from the casks It Is heated to boiling ' jM
point and contains a large proportion SJ
of moisture. .'iH
A balloon aBceuslon Is not such a rare H
occurence In these days, but "The Hj
Evening World" has accomplished ,
something never before even dreamed H
of. For the first time In the history '
of the electric telegraph, an Instrument 4ifl
has been worked In the upper air. ( itjfl
! M

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