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TBI EVENING WORLD, MONDAY, OCTOBER 80, 1911
'IT' -- ... . V, n mil i) i Director and Proprietor of The World Expires Suddenly at Charleston, S. C. FUNERAL WEDNESDAY. Services at St. Thomas's And Interment to Re Woodlawn. in CHARLESTON, S. C, Oct 30 Joseph Pulitzer died yesterday after noon t 1.40 o'clock in hi room on hi yacht Liberty, lying In the har bor ot Charleston. The cauee of air. Pulitzer's death was heart fail ure. Ho had been HI less than two dnyi. The first Indication of his serloua UlntfM was apparent to his ui l-s and attendants on Saturday morning. A telegram was sent to Mrs. Pulitzer ' o4vlilnB her of the sudden Illness of self In IMi and urged the nomination , r . ... ; A. kv tho Democrats of Orover Cleveland. bor husband, although the telegram ' 5J opposed the lnt.rven.lon tnted that Mr. Pulitzer's condition prp,)Keo by the jingo" policy of Prea Was not considered, serious. She left j mnt Cleveland in the dispute between Now York at 3 o'clock on Saturday ! Venezuela and Great Britain. It de nftoruomi nnd reached Charleston t ' "Patched .v rablegrama and ,,, . . .. I to the leading men of England and th 1.10 o'clock yesterday afternoon. , JJJS ur(,,ni tMn to OPpoa When Mrs. Pulitzer boarded the fhe polity of the Cleveland Admlniatra Llberty Mr. Pulitzer was ttneon- tlott. The replies upholding the attl clotl. He did not regain his farul-1 tud. of The World influenced , borore the end came, twenty I KfCS minutes later. Wales, and aiadaton sent mesges With him at the time of his death j advising "common sense" and th wore Mrs. Pulitzer and their youngest ; pooooful settlement of the Otrogrsjr. on, Herbert, who hart accompanied big father when the latter left New Tork on Oct. 20. Mr. puiitaer was In fairly good health jsjrOen he left New York and hud pro jected to jVitirtiey to Jrkyt Island, off the coa3t of Georgia, for .hoit stay Saturday morn. tut while the Liberty seas OBPrcacmna harleatun Mr Pultiser beme suddenly 111 and the yacht put la tor Charleston to -mm ZVZT'vVJ, ClannJt'U toon Mrs. Pulitzer. aturd.y night Mr. PtttttMt seemed to 00 in a sugntiy iiuprovtu emwMVM though he did n,it sleep very wen Yes- I terday morning he svemed to be better 1 and telegrams were ftnt to the otner , delt an,i subscrlb for tn nonaa. ne merabers of b'l family at Kw York pne, nr received from ",1M bankers advising them el the fact. and published. Th World headd the Ju.t before noon Mr Pulltser seemed ' subscription list with UM h h. ..num.. it tras not unt.l this aggregate of other sub:rlptlon. was tlme' that his companions on th yacht pesJIted the gravity of hi condition. LAST WORDS WERE "SOFTLY, QUITE SOFTLY." Shortly before 1 o'clock Mr. Pulitzer ttrekc aftur having been asleep for three boor. He complained of a pain Id bis peart. Boon attar he became uncon gclous said lomnlWOi In tnat oundltlon until the end. Telegrams were immediately sent ad- I . . h.. ... iVim flm. r vising th otlier members of the fam )y of his death. Italph Pulltser, hli eldest sou, was 1 Ne York; Josepli fulitter Jr.. his second i-on, In St Louis j Miss Edith, one of his daughters. In France, and Mies Constance, another daughter. In Colorado. Th death of Mr. Pulltser was peace ful. His last words, before he lost con eteuan. were: "Loao gan.'. lclse" (softly, quite sttly). They were occa gloned by the rea.llnB by a Oernian sec retary who had been entertaining Mi. Pulltter, Just half an hour I efore his M ,L mn IaMUBI llf ttlfl rell'll (if u. " . -" -- " I Itgula XI. of Krance. Toward the ond ef th oiiapler from wliU-h the lCr t.ry was reading Mr. Pulitzer apok. these last words. Mr. PulUaur wss attended dtirlng bis fcrlef JUneys by Ur. Robert Wilson of Chsrleston a:id by L)r, (1 itliman, the jacht'a physician. Th body of Mr. I'jlitzer will be taken te New vik on a .pedal train which will lev Charleatoii at 4.UU o'clock this afternoon. The funei'ttl services of Mr. Pulltgor H'.ll be held at 2.30 o'clock WedfiSaugy ,ftinoon at St. Tnomas'l Church. Tie public will be admitted. Th hsIsrUSSBt Will be lu Wuoiilawn Cmstery. LONDON FliliLS LOSS OF MR PULITZER. IJNDON, Oct. 30. The sd and un expected news o the deatu of Josat Pulltser became It.' iwn In London nil; Isle Isst night. It caused a deep sensa tion In tlie newspaper world In a special memoir of Mr. Pulitzer the Daily Mull says: Tor over a generation Mr. Pulltser WSS the most prominent figure in Amer ican Journalism. Among all tho caraern f American seir-made moil nuns has beet, more uxnaordinary tu.in his. Within few yecra Mr. Pulltser rvo Jutlontsed American Jo lrnailtin. "At the height of his success his sight gav way 4P4CS then ho hit travelled th world blind and Invalid, hut never once did h ceaa to direct his glgMtlt new spa pern "His grasp of politics wss world wide. H had discussed noma rul with Gladstone and b'otith Africa w.tli Lord' Milnsr. "After his Illness he led a mora and bu, Keeludad Ufa Witil few frlen.lft 1, ..era still admitted In hi. loll. macy. f0rowai wouia come ana play to him in London or Switaa.-land. people. Mayor low unwittingly con H would chat with Mr. Lahoucher nrmed this when ti said thst ons rd Sit C'harles Wyndham.' ' thing thst most surprised him since , h ,eon Mayor was the activity press of Brlln Pay. Tribute to of Th() world a a municipal agent Mr. pullisrr. i Parkhuryt presents the same BERLIN. Oct. SO TO. .team or Jns - ph Palltxer, proprietor of Tho ew York World and ihe OT, bOUIS rn.-t- raaessslsh. ins SttrgCtOd IMr usual lntrest In the Berli whlrh pay a trlliui,-) to what g, UM p.t,itind.r in modern Journal- Achievements of The World Under Mr. The r soma of ths achievements of Th World under the direction of Mr. Pulltter: Three days after sssumlng eontrol of The World Mr. Pulitzer undertook to rnMc by popular aubaorlptlon the funda necessary to build a pedestal for the Bartholdl atatua of 'I Jberty Lighting the World." More than 1100.000 waa raited by this method and the atatua waa dedicated on Oct. 12, ISM. Mr. Pulltser bet-an hla tight for a Federal income to. Ave daya after taking control of He World. lo lcM Mr. Pulitzer, through The World, advocated the nomination of Orover Cleveland for Prealdent by the Democratic National Convention In the face of the oppoaltlon of Tammany Hall. Mr. Cleveland waa nominated and elected. The World led the fight against the election to the Court of Appeal of Judge Msynard and advocated the tak ing of the Judiciary out of politics. Judge Maynard waa defeated by mora than 10O.OD0 vote. The World oppoaed the adoption of the Free Silver Idea In the Democratic platform which nominated Mr Ilryan In low and repudiated both Mr. Bryan and his platform. It .o.-etold BMIttf the St.e that would give the majority vote In the Electoral Collage to Be Klnley. The World predict 1 the renomlnotlnn of Theodore Roosevelt to succeed him- rou wis nooompiienw. result .,f the agitation by The World Tie World's service was rrrognlzed by the peace and arbitration societies of Crest Britain. OPPOSED PLANS FOR BOND ISSUE. The opposition of The Wcrld to the dial between the Cleveland Administra tis unrt the syndicate headed by J. I'lerpont Morgan, uy wj i... Ub gjg J nder private arrangement "at about ,. wmc(, would ,v, I ' ,vlldlclte an enormoU. prof- ,( .ne World it Th World sent out iv,oi . kukea ihrnuehout th. eoun- (rVj urging them to proteat against the ...... ..wi.-, '!, . ,,lii i more man imuw." sss '! set The bonds wsr thn offered , price. it public sale. The World assumed the Initiative in the effort to put a .top lo the Uoer war. It sppealed to both the Uoer. and the British Government to settle their dis pute by arbitration. Many eminent men, Including Presid nt Kruger of the Uoer (lovernn.enf, President Steyn of tho Orange Pro State. Cardinal LogU, the Archblsnop of I .iniernury, Arciioisnop ireiand and thousands - all nl!in, In S prominent men of all nations Joined with Th World In urging the, arbitration of the Controversy between the two countries. The World first tailed attention to th dsplorabla conditions of th people tn Cuba as a result of the cruellies prac tised there by the Spanish Government Message Sent by Mr. Pulitzer on The Worlds Ur PiiMtter, on the occaiion of the ' .. ,.'..,.. nt Thm World, fir'Uncia cirii.ii" - , ,,. rir Wiesbaden, mo IASS iintifr ,ibleiI the f!let0f tncesao, wMca un .... . . - t I,- ...i. i PwONeOOO ' a Disobeying the doctors. I obey the cabled reuu.st of the editors and my un instinct In gratefully scknowledg lns the astonishing expression, of kina iSu and approbation from thl press a,.d ao many gentlemen distinguished , DttMle life- I aay astonlshlnB bOMUM personally I feel UUlt The World is un deserving such overwhelming praise. There Is no man more conscious, more critical of nls many shortcomings, none can be more, disappointed by Ms failure to have attained his Ideal of a news paper. There I always a great tUtt .utween aspiration and action. I as sume the responsibility for both faults mid failures, yei It may be pardonable to say that for sixteen of these twenty years 1 have been unabl to read the paper or go to the uftlee, having uf I ...... d the loss ot sight, "f health, of sleep, although continuing the burden el responsibility for the conduct and character of the paper, to which I give Vyy moment of n.y waking time. 1 feel deeply grateful that thl con dition is understood and that, how ever many are the faults, they ar at UibUted to manner rattier man to mo ,u to oveizeal. excessive enthusl asm, misunderstanding, but never to laiik of integrity or principle. THE HEART AND CONSCIENCE OF THE PEOPLE. Chief Judge Parker is kind enough to say In praimng Tne World that the press Is the eye and ear and tonsue of Hi people. It ' " tn'' but W more if Th World has met the ap proval of the American people. Be sides being the eye, ear snd tongun of the people, Interpreting In tongue and ear their Interests, impulses and In- ! SttnCtS lt ha-- represented uiao, i oo- lieve. the heart and conscience of the i . aaying that The World holds a brief for the people and In "th UiS P0t taumgllOtlO sttorney for the mar. that ore than " dow" This reeling was in niy u papers! h.,. , wroto twenty years asto Ihsy d. rmtBa W. iii , . t and call thai The World was dedicated to th ..uTh. people wHh Pulitzer's Direction for more than a century. It wis this service In revealing the SOtUOl coniit.ons that led th United Stats Government to demand Justice for the Cubans, and falling to securt censiasrelioa ot It demands to declare war, whlob reaulted ' In the freedom of the peopl of Cuba and the establishment ot a republic. , The World published the Brst authentic description of the battl of Manila Bay. Th World publlahed the first new of tlie blowing up of the Msln and the first Information of the taking of San tiago by Gr, . Shifter. Tim World first published the news o! ths fatal Illness of Queen Victoria. The World published the first list of the seourlties left by the dead million slre Cornelius Vsnf.erbllt. Th first nw of th sinking of th ' French steamer JJretagn was published by The World. The World first published the news of the sinking of the British battleship Victoria by the Camperdown In Tripoli , harbor. The World waa the first newspaper to send a correspondent to Japan t FgOtrl the wsr between that eountry ant Chins. It printed a 10,000 word description of th battl of Port Ar. tfew, The World published th first poll of : Congres to show that the Sherman :i- j ver law would be repealed. The World sent Nellie Bly, a woman reporter, to establish a new record for oircllna the globe. 8he did It In seventy- two days. The World sent a correspondent to meet Stanley the explorer on his escape from the African wilderness. The World publish clulvly the list of names of the gueota of th Hotel j Koytl fire In this city. EXPOSED "BOODLE" BOARD OF ALDERMEN. in worio exposed ma isroauway mnm of "boodle" lobby and started th. aglta- ! our own Mb.rty and JO0 0W "J"" tlon that sent aev.ral Ald.rn.n t. J.I. j human.. 'J. and other. Into .ills. '.'"f.h.r dsmooratlc aor dig- When Olsdston. wis lesding nls mtgg5 l'-SSS VST th ranting of for Horn Rule The World raised money i SSJJL-J "f., dVc'aratlon. on thl. th.m. for a memorial of silver for him which , f" , V, to ignorance, prejudice a J was personally presented by Mr. Pulltser. " .,. The World started th war on the,'Tn draw the line against any or Louisiana Lottery which resulted In th abolition of that swindle. The World started the agitation that resulted In the repudiation of Hrock waylsm and better condition at Mi ni Ira Reformatory. Th World flrt cleared up the mystery urroiumbng the Identity of the man who blw himself up with . bomb while trying to kill the lale rtuseell Sage The movement to secure the relesse of Mrs. Florence Maybrlck, who was con fined In an English prison for the al leged poisoning of her husband, which was never proved, was first started by Tlie World. The World defeated the Astoria grab which was undertaken by the Oas Trust. Th World iir.it xposd th theft of tSOO.OOO by Capt. Oberlln. M. Carter and Contractors Oresn and Gaynor, all of whom were sent to prison. Th World w.a th first newspaper to oppose Algerlsm and compel a re form In the furnishing of food and rations to the army. The World exposed the Ramapo and tea Trust - teals. Ti. nlit,ll,M,ttiii. hv Th World of fhe i . .ZJ: . Inlqultle of th Insurance compan'es terns and uncovered many sensational Incidents in connection with their man agement. It drst published th report n-hleh disclosed the connection of many distinguished men with the evils ex posed. The World sent a correspondent to describe the destruction of St Pierre, Martinique, which resulted In th death of mor than M.M10 people. The first complete story, nVn words In length, snd the first pictures of the disaster were printed by The World. The World led the nght fnr the Em ployers' Liability bill and against "Death Avenue," for the reform of Ward's Island and the local Insans asylum, and against th turning over the subwaya to th Ityau-Halmont cnque. 20th Annwersaru earnest sincerity and slso, In 1SI9, be-'when I expressed the hope that It i ... - i would be furevar unsatisfied with merely printing news forever fight ing every form of wrong forsver wedded to truly democratic idea forever rising to a higher plan of perfection as . public Instltutfbn. Per sonally. The World does not yet ap pear to me a truly great newspaper, but upon one point I am convlnesd It baa never lacked Weal to labor and sacrifice time, talent, space, money, everything to oppos wrong, to fight for the public good, to render public service, even If that service Interfered with th news service and sacrificed the news. Mr. Cleveland has spoksn of Th. World's service to the Democrstlc party, end particularly of Its decisive "advo cacy of Democratic principles" upon un occasion critical Indeed to him and to the Deinoncracy. Many olhsr dis tinguished gentlemen hsve generous'y, yet mlsakenly, praised The World's ser vices to the Democratic party. I ssy mlstskenly. because, whatever benefit Mr. Cleveland end 'he Democratl; party re ceived. The World never for one mo ment during tlie Isst twenty years con sidered Itself a party paper. It prom ised to support truly Democratic prin ciples, truly Democratic Ideas, and It has done so, and will do so, with entire Independence of bosses, machines, candi dates and platforms, following only th dictates of Its conscience. Falti, In the people Is a Democitle tdaal, but faith In the Infallibility of the people, flattery of tho people, sur render of conviction to the passions and prejudice of th. people, and the theory that the peool can do no wrons and that tlie majority Is sacred thes are not true Democratic Ideas To mould public opinion, to lead public opinion. I to swalie and arouse pubilt opinion fori publlo good, Is both a pleasure and a duty, but still higher duty even than lo reveal is to resist pub lc opinion st times. FREEDOM, ORDER, PEACE, HIS WATCHWORDS. To appeal to national venlty and pride In favor of our holding some n ret' hed, faraway islam Is by military brute for.' la undemocratic sin e th peopl thr. If not squsl American citizens, can only be serf or slaves, ind If eovernment "derives Its Just powers from the consent of the gov erned," we can only hold them afalnr' 1 tneir will by strsin and stretcn of tn i Constitution and In violation ot th. D0lratl0n of Independence. For It Is tru. as Herbert Hpeucer has sild. that ! n w ho hoid. a .lav. by a ohaln he- IjTht WttMlmtW Mr. Pulitzer's Declarations of Principle At Various Stages in J he World s Growth SALUTATORY. On May tO, 1H89, Ur. PuliHer, MM IMMslRf oicnrrthlp nml nUlnrial 6lrctiOH of The World, wrutt! in hit flrtt editorial announcement : The entire World newspaper property ha been purchased by the undersigned, and will from this day on he ttr.der different msnage ment different In men, measure and methods dlfJnrenf. In purpMOj policy and principle different In objects and Interests different In sympathleo and convlntions different in head and heart. Performance better than promise Exuberant sssuratices ar cheap. I make none. I simply refer the public to the new World Itself, which henceforth shall be the dally evidence of Its own grow ing Improvements, with Iorty eliht dally witnesses In lta forty-eight columns. There Is room 1n this great and growing city for a Journal that I not only cheap but bright, not only bright but Urge, not only large but truly democratic dedicated to the cause of thn people rather than that of pure potentate devoted more to the news of the new than tho old world that will expose all frauj am sham, fight all public evils and abuse that will serve snd bat tie lor the people with earnest sincerity. In that oaua and for that end solely the new World Is hereby enlisted and committed to the attention of the Intelligent public. JOSEPH PULITZER. THE PVLJTZJiR BUILDING'S DEDICATION. When The World's huildlnp teas sfarfed Ur. Pulittfr iaiJ editorially on Oct. 10, IS.il; God grant that this structure be the enduring homa of a news paper forever unsatisfied with merely printing th now forevsr fighting evry form of wrong forever Independent forever advent- ganlzatlon when it opposes tne rw of labor-to apply fixed principles or Justice, equality and freedom, and to oppose violence and fsvor arbitration, peaceful methods. law snd order. Is a truly democratic Idea. The World will nght every tyranny, whether thit o. militarism or monopoly, whether that of plutocrscy. an oppressive oligarchy or corporation, or that which In the name of labor denies tlie rights to labor. JUSTICE BREWER ON POWER OF THfe PRESS. Justice Brewer of the United Htatei Supreme Court in hla masterly and 1m presslve statement of the great power of the press, written to Tho World, saia or the problems Involved In our social con dition that the nation Is "wrastllng with these problems It Is In the throes snd sweat of struggle," and that In assist ing In their solution th press does milghty work and "has been one. It not th grest. factor." Th press, thus presented as a great factor In our problems, Is, unfortunately. not of one tvpe. nor does It unanimously accept the ssms standard of public honor, There are exceptions. There are, I am sorry to say, newpprs which advo cate dangerous fallacies and falsehoods, rn.i!tnr to ignorance, to partisanship, in MnTfiH. tn noDiil.r prejudice, to poverty, to hatred of the rich, to so clallsm. sowing the seeds of discontent eventually sura, If unchecked, to pro duce lawlessness and bloodshed. On the otlier hand, by far the larger portion of the American press Is showing- a steadily growing Independence, a steadily diminishing partisanship, a steadily Increasing sympathy witli the masses, a steadily nuamentlne op position to privileged clauses, to in equality, Injustice and every form of oppression of the people. Conscious of Its sreal responsibility, th American press, as a whole, strives to help, to lead, enlighten, guide and encourage the people In all good aspirations. Is It necessry to ask on which side of this division Justice Brewer and the people will find The World? Is II necesssry to say that with the utmost of my re maining trength The Vorld will do jattle In solution of the grave problems mentioned by Justice Brewer, anxiously seeking the truth and applying It In a spirit of fearless Independence, but with Comment in New York Papers On Joseph Pulitzer's Death Xiom ths American. A towering figure In national snd In ternational Journalism has passed away; a mighty democratic force In ths llf of thl nation and In the activity of the world has ceased, a great BOWOf uni formly exerted, In behalf of popular rights and human progress Is ended. Joseph Pulitzer la dead. Joseph Pulitzer wa the founder and foremost exemplar of modern Journal Ism the great originator and exponent of the Journalism of action ami achieve ment. In his conception the newspaper was not merely a money-making machine It was the Instrument of tlie will and power of Its hundreds, of thousands or readers, the fulcrum upun which that power oould be exerted tn the accom plishment of broad and beneficial re sults. Josepli Pulilrer knew the necessity of making his newspaper, financially auc OMOfUl and he ivu an able business man. but It is as a great editor that lie will be most honored and remembered. Joseph Pulitzer waa a democrat III uoctrliic and In deed He came from the people, understood fhe alms and aspira tions of the people, sympathized with the sentiments of the people and labored to express In his newspapers the popu lar need and the opular will Not the a-iat success which Josepli Pulltser achieved nor the great weatth which he accumulated, nor his sssocla- rested through bis many aOOOClatei and tlon With nien of selfish purposes and assistants, never wis there s stronger I 'ass orOittdJoe ever deprive. 1 him of example of psrsoual JOOrOaltatn, Wi lli essenilsl democracy or calloused! hay frequently spogsn of The World .is him to the requirements of the demo-it' national Democratic newapnpor, The .. Influence of Mr Pulitzer's New v. ..a. crs lie mass. . -out., me cue "" xer and his newspapers ever espc.i.ed ably ana iMOingonug! n "wsssi ssswe i treatr cone n le bis party than that and powerfully. In his death Journal- 0f nnJ. Republican paper is lo the lie Ism hss lot n lesde.', the people a publloan party. Never was The W',,rld champion, 'he nation a valuable citizen, ol Mr. Puiltz r 10 I erg' factor In the Mi--his eons continue hi forreaobing polities! situation ol Ihi Nation as lust work for their father greater glory, for prsvloua to his death, woe:,, sfter long the.r own reputation and for the pun. lie good. W ILLIAM RANDOLPH HsJARgT From the Pre.. For years newspaper Worker have , ? th VtT Joseph Pulitzer j4 bit HPNwK I wS gVM I --jtl Wmt JbbpomI Bona. ? riwB b wPl Mm lbeJjiH.g.w'fc JOSEPH PUUTdTER FROM rv PHOTORKPH MMt TWENTY FIVE yEARS rVQO. moderation and tolerance and In the firm conviction tliat In tills spirit only The World wlil do Its best service to the Hepuhllc? JOSEPH PUUTZBR. Mr. Joseph Pulitzer, proprietor ol the New York World. Yet perhaps the shock of hi. deaih came to none with mor. force than to Ihag of hi own calling. And this because, though long virtually blind and sorely tried with other Ills, he had continued to be a tre mendous power ill American Journalism and politics. By all ncKBpapcr i ien of Impartial Judgment lie was regard.. I h.s the for, most edl'or and publisher of hi (jy Incomparable was bis suoeess In win ning readers to bis publication, Be yond .11 other newspaper makers In I ho United States h held I hem lo Ills , j of thinking. A way from his paper . hun - urcus or mum in uir i nii.,1 state or thousands un the other .,( Ik Atlantic, In SOOrOh of better health, he never took his touch off ii, Intlmet detail, of the hug business of his properties. Near or far, he never failed to Hiarnp big powerful militant person ollty iion his published olunin, new us well as editorial. Many times lu the last de ad,, it na, beam said that pergonal loumallORl Is a 'hing of the paoi in s fai tn large public reading The World never thought of any pan of It as being writ ten or Inspired by Mr Pulitzer, this modern verdict on personal Journalism lias beon true enough lu bis egg, In the fone that The World has been Mr Pulltser's dally orsstlon, vividly ntanl- World with RH party was vastly greater i than that of anv other Democratic lour. I w ,(f pwaTO oi inc..iu ana uriumn naming I afsin.t Republl jnlsm. be feii ur of Demooratte vlotory in uii Preiidsnilal election of n"xt yrsr. Deaih n .y have spared dlasppolntnieni In n spot I of th n event to a man of onus -allv acute i nlu ment, but Pemoerotlr victory In g will b m0r d'mCJl1 th" ins In enlightenment and progress forever med led to truly Demo cratic Idess forever aspiring to he s moral force forever rising to a higher plane of perf"tlon as a public Institution (iort j?rant that The World may forever strive toward he hlxhest Meals be both a dally arhool-homse and a dally forum, boib a dally teacher and a dally tribune and Instrument of Justice, a terror to crime, au aid to education, an exponent of true Americanism. Let It ever lie remembered that this edifice owe lta existence to the public, that II architect 1 popular favor; that Its corner stone ll liberty and Justice; that lta every tone come from the people and represents public approval for public services rendered. (Jod torbld that the vast army following th standard of The World1 should In thl or In future generations ever And It faithless to those IdoHs and moral primlplos to which alone It owv. Its life and without which I would rather oavo It perish. JOSEPH PULITZER A MRTHDAY DECLARATION. flirty tncmbert of The World itaff dining at Delmonico'e on .Ur. Puhtur t birthday, April 10. 1907, cabled fo him their congratulntinn$ Mr f'ulifcer cabled from France the following tetponte: To The World Staff: K no-ess to the editor, manager and entire staff my warm appto.iatlon of their excellent and successful work for an Institution which should always fight for progress and reform; never tolerate Injustice or corruption,; always fight demagogues of all parties, never belong to any party; always oppose privileged clasics and public plunder, never lack sympathy with the poor; always remain devoted to the public welfare; never b atlsrled with merely printing news; always be drastically Independent; never be afraid to attack wrong, whether by predatory plutocracy or predatory poverty. JOSEPH PUUTZEIt. 25 Years Ago J parted Pulitzer to nld It. .enlevement How much more difficult It will b for hi successor to show. rroiu ths Time. The death of Mr. PUlllSSr brings to Its close sn astonishing career, aston ishing for Us contrasts, for Its tri umphs. loi Its great tewar.ls, and for the fortridn with which he bor the trsgedy visited upon him In the ios of his right Fortune, lu the beginning, denied lilin everything. In the end she med t" have g'anted all. Halt Ids life Orgs' devoted lo the con Slderatlon, and SO far us his Influence availed, to the shaping of publlo af fairs through public opinion. His con ceptions of measure i and policies, of men and parties, wers lucid, sharply dnrtned, snd were urged with remark able force and telling iteration upon the attention of the reudurs of his pa per. Wo have said t tin t Mr. i'llltscr bad a genius for nswipaper Risking or om- tliliiK vir.v like genius Me created a real newspaper, for rhs World Is dls tineiiv his aerional orsstlon, He had j limitless faith In "publicity" as the I very v I th l! ll, the blood and none, as f s newspaper On that fill III Hi his foundation stun he built up Th World rrom th Hsrald. The death of Mr Joseph I'lilltssr, ths proprietor of the New York World and tht ft. I.ools PoMt-l Hspstch, which oc. surred yetrdyi ends a remarkable iiinl drsmatli career ins lire ie,, romaoos sliowlng wi.at can us 000001 i 1 - Tributes to Mr. Pulitzer Offered bu Noted Men sr. uot'll, Ooi. so. -Gov. Woairow wuson of nw Jersey spec iwo hours in St. Lou', to-d...-. on his ret ir i trip to hi. home from Dallas, Tex. On hli arrival at 'lie I'nlon station he was told of th dth of Joseph Pulitzer and was ihoelwd by tn news Gov Wll'on dl uted tht following trffhui tad asnd t iat It le se:ii to t.is New Vol k World as Ms tppro lal'.on of the wotk of th' owner of thai Mwspapor; "Th Wholt country will deeply lament Hie de ii i of ,i grO lourSOtlgti There i.sva S n le v n :ia.e xerc,fes so ot journalism, not only of. this country sgtraordlnary m so orlglnil an lnfhibul of lh wrld passed g to hi lie in newspsper world A front pM'-son is i,one Vneql WOODHOW WlLgON washing I'ON. Ool, 10 Mr Puh in s deal.-. Is a io to journalism. Al- " " U l JOurn'1"tle Mr pllshed In s eountry I'.Ko America. Jfe canio to the I'nlted State young man, verv poor, quite unknown, and. the un thinking who met him nt thst time might haw said, hopelessly fiaadu capped. But Instesd of being hand I capped h was powerfully e-mlppeil with wonderful originality, phenomenal In- sigln and bewildering energy .or. i-iiiiKcr wan eeeentruiv inc irrni . , i,.. , , . . . , fert of his own fortune. W hen he had reached th xenlth of his p twer. about tw.nly-rour ye.rs .go. he w. forte years old. Pew men .ver accomplish so much at that age. FRIENDS IN ST. LOUIS DEE PL Y SORROWFUL. MT. LOUIS, Oct. W.-Th death of Mr Pulltter caused profound sorrow among his numerous personal friend. In St. I.oun. w hern bl. Journsllstio career be gan. Following nre tribute, to bis mem ory snd achievements by prominent St. Loul.ans who have known Mr. Pulltssr for msny yesrs: DA VII K. PR A NOIH, President of the Louisiana Purchass Kxpusltlon Company and Secretary of the Interior during the aerond Cleveland Administration Too bad. He was a great factor In our na tions) life In many wuys. IIANIKL M. HUUtlUIt. President of the, Globe Printing Company, publisher ot the St. Louis Globe-Democrat I am shocked beyond expression Ills death Is a calamity to the nation. He was s wonderful man. I have known him since he first ca ns to tit. Loi.l. In IMI. and 1 consider his career one of the most extraordinary In American history I hope bis sons will keep The World snd the Post I Unpat' h up to th nigh stand ard h t." KHKDKHICK N. JUDgON, Prealdent of th Pulitzer Publishing Conipany (which publishes the Post -Dispatch, Mr. Pulitzer's St. Louis paper), distin guished Iswyer and a friend of Mr Pulltser for many years The death of Joseph Pulltser Is s great loss to Jour I nails n and to the eountry snd to the I'iuko-ih oi iivj ' i fttt 1 1 oi .. ills unrvur marvellous, not only In the briHIsnt success of his two great Journal., one of which h. founded, but In his rare good fortune. In that he was enabled, despite lll-healtli, lo direct to ths vsry end of his life the lin.lnoss snd editorial policy of these papers. HI. f.arl.ss ne.s. his masterful directing ability, his unerring Judamerit f human usturs, his keen uhd Instinctive perception of every form of pretense syid hi. broad sym pathy with the struggling meases and w ith every mot anient for lh better ment ot mankind made him the great est lournallst of the time. OH A ft LRU W. KNAPP, President of the publishers, George W Knapp A Co., who publish the at. Louis Kepubllo An acquaintance of mor than forty years permits me to speak of Mr. Pulltssr's brilliant record In newspaper work snd of ills temurkable Individuality from the tusla of full personal knowledge When I kMW him first hs was only a reporter, but distinguished even then by ths com manding ambition and the Indefatigable energy that brought the brilliant suc cess of his sulis.-u lent carr. In the beginning of hi ownerablp experiences It was appar.sjt to .11 who s.w much Of him that, whatev.r help h ot from the able assistance his keen Judgment ot men brought to his aid, his was the master mind and the master hand. No one who knew him wen in those nays wa. sui-prlaed at tits accomplishments or wondered that h. should do so much to esinstltot. new kind of Journalism. PORMKIt LI!CrT.-GuV. OH All L1C8 P JOHNSON, iiutel lawyer and a frlsnd of Mr PulltSMT from hi eai Ileal HI Louis dsys Mr Pu'lter was on. of the remarliaM" men of the rcntur) Commencing hi. career In St. Louis Without friends or Influence, throng energy, except uinil capability snd In domligbls Willi hO established two o the g eiitest newspapers of th country ! exercising the widest Influence for unl ; versa I good. He ws. a man of marked It I: Iduallty. Bieat Independence of character, loyal and patriotic, sneer i Md honest In his eenviel ons prises, fearless lu the conduct of his .i -or, lie will be Ling rstneinoered -til Iii thought .ud action, he WOJ llWOJl to be reckoned with Most ahla in the editorial room, he had full knowledge Of to detail of big great buolnoogi Hs was by nature a parti Sgn, He had strong llkta and dislikes. Ills giest ability was acknowledged b all who knew him. Hla uns wtll be worthy successors of thlr great fthr. JOHN U. M'LKAN. Proprietor th. Wsshlngtan Post. IPWI'ON, 0 ' i -On of the giant! ward when Jaseph ruittzer died to H li rgreer brilliant. Insplrlug and si oessful ths' - rial vr toon kn wn In lbs lournallsm of the world. From the tlm he started ' " Lu" Positive gonial as a Journalist. No oa- stsel was too great for him to erer com. In both t. Louis snd Nsw iork the pregfOM of :hs two news Papers under ins guldsnee has bean slgnsllsed by an snnrmous and fer fes hlng HlfnoaM for good smong all classes of people. Wheel Mr. Pulltser bought the New York World party orgsns wore In fashion among Ameri can newspspers. He did more to ebollsh them than any Journalist ths country has ever known. Though a strong Democrat, he criticised his own party ss savagely as hs did the oppo sition. H reported Ilepubll 'an oonvan UOM snd meeting so fully and a. Im partially ss he did thoss of ths Demo crat lo purty. Per'on.tly Mr Pulltrer was one of ' " mosl chsrmlng nd sntertalnlog It en of Ms time, . those who knew him Intimately can readily testify. He win dec ''".i to his profession. Jle be l in publicity a a menns of pro moting whst wss !st for th peopl snd lo expose graft and wrongdoing. Hs was Svaf ern.t In nromoilng with ll his mighty power what he believed was for th. gr.ete.t go-.o of the greatest number. i"!!HLES It. TAYI1R. Bdll ir the Boston Glob. ALBANY. 01 X-In Mr Pulltser deatu t'" newspaper world loses a prmnlnsnt and energetic figure, a man who has eserted great Influence In pub lic .fairs ills death will be mourned not only by cltisens of New York, bu: of the whole country. JOHN A DIX. Governor. WASHINGTON. Oct 30.-1 am shocks Oyond expron by th news ef Mr. 1'ulltr.rr's death I teel treat per sonal bereavement. Journalism has lost one of Its greatest, ablest and bravest workers, every good raus found him a useful and valiant ally, sham end hypocrisy h despised and relent Icaelv expotrd He was a horn tribune ot ths people and h. gave his marvdlou. and finely trained inte1lot with all the fervor born of bis prodigious energy to the preservation of the constitution. I rights of the people. His success and j his renown wrre not accident.. They w.r. the r.ward of well directed earnest ! effort. Ills death I. a national lo : snd hi place will he hsrd to fill. I have always r!.nd Joseph Piilltsar as on. of th. gratet men of thl. tlm. He was a g.nlu. In n.wspap.r making, but most Of all. a patriot. ADOLI'H 8. OCHS. Proprietor of th. New York Time. BETH LOW' I am very sorry tn learn of Mr. Pulltser's death. It was my ... , k.B nr v ege to know Mr Pulltsr on nls f . . , . tl . .w Idea' side. By his generosity thirty young men every yer hav bun able to go through colloge. To ensble them to do this Mr Pulitzer has allowed thm each 30 a year for seven years, tbree In high school an 1 four In cnlle. He. csuse Onlumbls helped Mr Pulltser to csrry out his purpose effectively air. Pulitzer gsve tn Cnlumbls SI0H.M0. Sub sequently he gave to Columbta tl.000.oW to establish a school of Journalism. It wss charscterlstlc of him that hs should ask nst the development ef this school be delayed until he himself hsd passwd away Mr. Pulltser confi dently hoped by this school to plsce .ne profession of Journalism perma nently on a higher plane. I hops that Columbia may be sbte to make this school a worthy monument Ut the Ideal Ism that fnrmd so vltsl a part of Mr. Pulitzer's character. WILLIAM 11. HOBNBIiOWER Mr. Pulitzer's career has been a marvellous example of Journalistic success. The Influence which he hss exerted upon the political history of ths eountry can not b exaggerated. As a newspaper The World became, under his owner ship, a dully photograph of currant events In city, State snd nation and la foreign countries. Rut It wss In the edltorl.1 department thst Its Influence became potsnt ss a moulder of public opinion. To this department of hi paper Mr. Pulitzer gave his personal sttentlon snd supervision. Ths policy of his newspaper on public questions was to hint s msttor of tho deepest concern He aimed to keep the! poller courageously Independent and repre sentative of high Ideals. Whether one agreed or disagreed with the view of The World on current political ques tions, on could not but admlr th vigor snd courag with which those views were enforced. While In general advocating the principles of the Demo craJdc party he did not healtats to op pos the party platform or the party candidates when he believed them to be In the wrong or to be contrary to the best interests o' th country as hs undsrstuoJ tnm. I cam In contact with Mr. Pulltser In my professions! capacity on several occasions, especially during the last year or two of hi Mfa. In my ciinveniatlons with him I was struck with his keenness and vigor of Intellect and with his stiong conviction and tenacity of purpo DE LAN'i'EY NICOLL Mr. Pulltser's death removes from American affairs probably the greatest individual force among us. No one .xerted a greater Influence. Tt will be Impossible to All . th void I hsd known him sine IMI. and my relations at tltn were close enough to enable me to form a Just estimate of his mind and character. Shortly after I had omo to know Mr. Pulitzer lloscoe Conltltng, who had be come very Intimate wit . him, said to me: "Nlcoll, I have known sll Oh prominent men of my generation In America snd many abroad Who do you think ll '.he ablest man I hav ever met?'' I made aeveral guesaea. which he received with a shske of th head, and then said: "Joseph Ptllltsr., Mr. Pulitzer was an Intellectual prodigy. His mind was an engine of perpetual motion. He had an Imagina tion like Milton', and ha was a maatsr writer of English prose, possessing an Incomparable style and one so flxlbl h ould aiapt It to a great variety of subjects. He hated tyranny, opprssslon un l c irruption In public or prlvat af fair and fought them all hi life, with ail the weapons of his magnificent equipment. He wss seldom, and from his own high standard never, on the wrong side of any put.uo queatlon. and elt.o jgh many men In public life be- came embittered toward him on account of the severity of his criticism. I don't think ha was cspsbl of personal til will to any. In fact, he had little capacity for rtveng, thinking It waste of time. If nothing wore. Tile enormous patronage his news papers njoyd (1dd him with a great Is ling of rssponslolllly. Because the peopl hsd trusted The World b flt that lie was undr hep obligation to Ibom ind thai It was Incumbent upon !i:n to make thslr bsttles hi. own Although Ml papers were profitable nil powerful, h. never used tliem to promote his political fortunes. Indeed lines I !ie known him he hsd no aniLltlon for public odice, eesu of the highest rank, and often ssld to me he eould xert a greater lnflunc for go 1 1 through the editorial page than b holding a dozen offtVes. Ha was a devoted fathsr snd loysl friend, but the greatsst things about ll tn ifter til WON 'he mind thst seemed to bave taken In gll human knowlsdge n 1 hi '.herring sense t.f duty to ths p ibllo wiios foremost champion h b oame and remained until ills dying day UliRMKN RIIU'KR, publisher of th New fork Stasts-Zeltung I rgrt very b the nbl.-n death of Mr. JoS.Dll I Pulltser, foi whom I have always had - t . -. , . til- .... u m fAiirna1. ,..,', .-.,.. ,n best sssMta I .r,d h never aliawed any pollt- .mMt'.-m to Influence his judgment U n editor. '