Newspaper Page Text
Get wMii: THftt
GotS YtMT Doo
ANP NO ON t
IN THE. OOSt yT
How Great New
"? Tirn v a -rH icaitrH t vfcSS
By 8tmdlson C Teten.
lali. bj The ma Past lah las
No. 4 JOHN JACOB ASTOR.
IOHN JACOB AfiTOR waa bom In
father wished the mtob hie nccmor aa a btrionor. but ms immnci
of commercial entarprlaa was too strong In tha future merchant At
eighteen ha weat to London, where Ma brother, Oeorge Petar, wee en
gaged In tha selling of fnualeal Instruments. At twenty ha arrived Is
Baltimore with "one good aiHt of Senear do thee, aeren nutee ana are pounas
Tounc Aetor ahowed hie remarkable practical talent during a atom at aea on
hie voyage to America. While other paeasngers ran about the deck In daepalr.
expecting every1 minute to go down, young Aotor want below and coolly put on
hla beat ault of crotheo saying, that If tha ahlp ahould founder and be ahouM
happen to be reacued he would at loaet aave hie beat eutt.
After a ehort atay In Baltimore he proceeded to New York, where he became
an apprentice to a Herman baker named Dietrich, at No. Ml Pearl etreet. for
whom he peddled cakea. later he entered the employ of Herman Lavy. from
whoa Aetor acquired hie flret experience
are entrlee of moneya paid to John Jacob
Walter Barrett, In "The Old Merchant
tune be (Aetor) peddled (fur) eklna and bought them where ha oould and bartered
hoop jewelry. eVc., from tha pack he carried on hla back."
In 1TM Aator alerted In the fur buelneea for himself on Water etreet, trading
with the Indiana. A beaver akin bought for tl from the Indiana waa worth
H In London. Aator Was the American Fur Company supplying ttg capital and
dictating Its policy. Thla company monopolised the trade of the Indiana In ouch
a way that tha Government Interfered.
Aator Increaaad hla large profits In fura sold In London by lavaatlng tha
money In Knuiish goods and bringing them to this country, carried tn Aator'a
own ahlpa and aold here at Incredibly high prlcea. Hla proflta from a alngla
voyage reached aa high as 170,000. For example, a It blanket brought 110. A
rifle coating 111 brought 110. Brass kettles bought for 41 centa were aold to
tha Indiana for It. Powder that coat 20 centa a pound waa aold for 14, while
tobacco that coat 10 centa a pound In England waa aold at tha rate of five email
twleta for It.
Some idea of how John Jacob Aator mads money trading with tha Indiana
may ba gathered from hla son and partner, William B., who, writing to tha
Secretary of War under date of Nov. 21. lltl, aald: "Ton may, however, ea
tlmate our annual returna at half a million dollars." Astor's capital at this
elms amounted to 11,000,000.
At Broadway and Veeey etreet (then a fashionable neighborhood), with the
etore ou the ground floor, hie family lived over the atora ae they had la Water
In 1100 New York City had a population of (0,000. The northern boundary
of denae habitation waa marked by Chambere etreet The front of City Hall
Is marble, the bark la brownatone, owing to the belief if the thrifty eltliene
who built It In 1101 that the city would never grow above Chambere etreet and
that therefore trie difference In the atone would never be noticed,
Aetor bad faith In the futura of Now Tort. Above Chambere atreet there
were a number of outlying villages hsra Aetor Invested In farm landa. Much
.of the property waa barren rock, but the growth of a greet Nation and the
development of trade made tha land valuable.
Whan John Jaoob Aator died March . 1M, his hold Inge had increased
until they were worth 110,000,000. Twenty-live yeara later the eetate had
grown In value to 1100,000,000. And the struggle of mankind for a footing
oa this thickly aettled spot In the Weatera World has given a value to-day
of Hoo.OOO.ooo to tha Aator estate.
Advice to Lovers
rTlRB w a little
I la these days
Perhaps thta a
etlll some rules as
and Intelligent people
V a friend writes
watch ho desires do
ha questioned you
watt a month; If e
you regret or accept
If you promise to
Ihly as you keep others.
Don't if you can help rt write an
and longer than words spoken.
TJ. A." writes: "A young man has
been paying ma attention tor els
"month, and he Irlases me frequently.
My friends say I ahould not permit hint
to do thla Do you think that I am
A girl la not auppooed to be kissed by
any man except her fiance.
,-rU.i, aii momlna reeatlr
"Wait da jou wlalif" aaktd tha edHof
"I bi't called to reauait that yen loaert a
Hue la ...nr wr to the "fteot that 1 haa
,jat nluaMl I aalary of 11,000 a walk Cidb tha
V i n a not. af It. U'aly day. Was
then aarthlng elaa u wanted!
"Ottly one otlw.
t" Uatrmt r"raa
Lincoln's Two Tunes.
k tTOBT rone, mine Abraham Uoeola'a
V aiuatcal attalBUMnta la praaerrad In Mm..
4, Hartmun Lladncro.'a "la the
raaaaa af Maawri." At the aaolterf (air held le
) rhfli lili Mi le 104 Maw
thae aire. Mooltoe, vea aaaad te
la Ska tWtect. After aha had raalabad "Basin
Adair." lenara, bakUw her head la a k at
tVfBe tat Id '
"Meate hi set exert la aw Has, bat ehas
aaa alsg Teu waitte rounas late a eaae'a heart
aktak I SHgat keceSM a SxesWaa If I boast
The Day's Good Stories!
Mssjeejweaaaae -i - - - asieasaawaaeewsaeexaBwaxaswsbs, ri -b-m-m m ! X
TJf vxrtul 'ou be ao ( 1 aab- know tan tenet."
All flC TV antra. -Hall OoluaarU,' eke aaswend. "Tee saoe
The Evening Wo rid
"S'Mattcr, Pop?" U
OH WILL, L7
B m "Ring. I'm j
Not 6oNfc To
Oo. (TV. nw Twm ewaesaj wsresj.
Waldorf. Germany, July IT, WSJ. Hla
In the fur trade. Upon Iavy's booka
Aater for beatVng fun at tl a day.
of New Tort." aaya, "For a long
of Letter Writing.
talk about tha etiquette of letter writing.
of telephones and picture post-cards
j ' '""
A there la a decided decrease In sodal correspondence.
good thing; perhaps not. But there are
regarda letter writing which oourteoua
to ask yoa for certain Information
not put off answering the letter. If
fooe to face yoa wouldn't say, "Oh,
too much of a bore to answer you
replying to notes of InvltaMon. whether
write, heap that promkte as tnflax
unkrod letter. Worda written hurt worse
." writes: "A young man called
me up on the phone recently, but while
we were talking hla sister got on the
wire and proceeded te Insult ma What
shall I do about It-"
The sister should certainly apologise
to you. and I advlae yoa to surge at as
much to her brother.
'ni. , m . . . ...
e", mwrm a nauaa, "far 1
nata to itand up and lata an aw eat."
"Aad tha other east"
Tha other ooel Ok, tha ether aaa la the
on. md i eoe t ataed upl ' nuiedalpala T.la
A Thrillinff Shot
sexaaesaj me roaaaear aaa Inoteall ea.
. " wm yw anaeaa, rfM.ua
"I ahail saver faaaat aae rteai eaia w.
"Wa waa draaa one ali -with about a minute
ta (d, whea i ait a bell. Off I west pea
las saaa after aaae, tut 1 gat wrasa eaaae, sad
I paused, 1 cas bear See
esw, Sbuot, aaa, abset' Da
wen bark I tat fry, and oka yah
ehl" with e deb ef pauv
WA Jee. did res Merer"
sxlantaa ta tat tha bad rag leaa bate aaa sjy
(Coprnsbt. 1012. bj Dull Ueed A On.)
BTXorois or paxoxniNo chapteim.
Crew Kennedy a e ewitm utaaawt. a (eutua
M. .iiAHn hrilUAB. .'Wilir uelnckilaa u tha
aotruK of ,twaul auetoriei. W-Utel with bua
U a aoaauapa man. Walter JanMaoa. who nar
rata, trie stofy. A Man mane, oane no senaaor
to 'tear up what aha n.deni tiie nuabrrloua
death by trahutd ef lev (uaWJaa, Jaaex Blanee.
aa otl BBaraeteT Br Mahee'. will the hidk nf hla
.itii rea u aa meuiiHvm or M-m.-n i- m-jv.
iai hejuir. hi ante enanaa. Mia Blabaa bees
Keuady te tnmatlou the raaa.
The Bacteriological Detective.
WHLiLj help you, Mlas Blabea
To-morrow night I want to
take a trip quietly to Bla
bea Hall. Tou will see the
It la all right that I have
the proper letters so I can
tavestlgate thoroughly T"
I shall never forget the mute and elo
quent thanka with whloh aheeald good
night after Kennedy's promdss.
Kennedy sat with his eyas haded
under Ms hand for fully an hour after
she had left Then he suddenly Jumped
"Whiter." he eaed. "let us go oyer to
Dr. Bati's. I know the head auras there.
W may possibly learn enmethlng."
Ac we sat In the waiting room with
lta thick Oriental ruga and handaome
mahogany furniture I found myself
going back to our convereatlon of the
"By Jove, Kennedy, you were right."
I exclaimed. "If there Is anything In
this germ pint Idea of here It ta In
deed the height of the dramatic -It la
diabolical. No ordinary mortal would
ever be capable of It."
Just then the head nurse came In, a
large woman breathing of germleeaneaa
and cheerfulness In her spotless uni
form. We were shown every courtesy.
There was, In fact, nothing to conceal.
The vlelt eat at rest my laat aueplclon
that perhapa Jim Blabee had been pol
eoned by a drug. The charta nf hla tem
perature and the sincerity of the nuraa
were abaolutely convincing. It had
really been typhoid, and tnere win
nothing to be gained by pursuing that
Back at the apartment :rais nraan
packing hla suitcase with the few
thlnga he would need for a Journey.
"I'm going out to Blabee Hall to
morrow for a few days. Walter, and If
you could find It convenient to come
along I ahould Ilka to have your assist
"To tell you the truth, Craig, 1 am
afraid to go." I aald.
"Tou needn't be. I'ra going down te
the arm post oa OoverBr'g lalaad
I 1" "awMWi a - 1
I I mil: ,. 'in H PI rU MO 1 I that
a Tl'f T ' aaetriii W fxT i I
tm.J. IlOJXTUV m m. mm ma fleaA
Dally Mtfttlae, Moniiy," Afll
first to be vaccinated agalnat typhoid.
Then I am going to wait a few houra
till It takes effect before going. It'a
tha only place in the city where one
csn be inoculated agalnat It ao far aa
I know. While three Inoculatlona are
really beet, I underetand that ona la
sufficient for ordinary protection, and
that la all we ehall need. If any."
"You're aura of It!"
"Very well, Craig. I'll go."
Down at the army post ths nest
morning ws had no difficulty In being
Inoculated against ths dlaaase. The
work of Immunising our army was go
ing on at thst time, and aeverat thou
sands of aoldlera In various parts of the
country had already been vaccinated,
with the best of results.
"Do many civilians come over to be
vaccinated?" aaked Cratg of Major Car
rol, the surgeon In charge.
"Not many, for very few have heard
of It," he replied.
"I suppose you keep a record of
"Only their namee wa can't follow
them up outalde tha army to see how It
works, flttll, when they come to us ss
you snd Mr. Jameson have done we are
perfectly willing to vaccinate them.
The Army Medical Corpa takes ths
position that If It Is good for tha army
It la good for civil life, and as long aa
only a few civilians apply ws are per
fectly willing to do It for a foe covering
"And would you let me eee the list?"
"Certainly. Tou may look It over In
Kennedy glanced hurriedly throush
the ehort llat of names, pulled out his
notebook, made an entry and handed
the list hack.
"Thank you, Major."
BUvbee Hall waa a splendid place eet
In the heart of a great park whose area
waa measured by square iraiee rather
than by ara-es. But Craig did not pro
poee to atay there, for he arranged for
accommodations m a neartiy town,
where we were to take our meals also.
It was late when we arrived, and we
pent a rewtlaas night, for the Inocula
tion "took." It wasn't any worse than
a light attack of the rhiw, and In the
morning w wrre both atl right again,
after the passing of what la called the
"negative phase." I, for one, felt much
The town was very much excited over
the epidemic at the hail, and If I had
been wondering why t'rsJo; wanted me
along rrvy wonder was soon est at reet.
He had me scouring the town and
country looklna no every case or
rumour of tj-phold for miles around. I
made the local weekly paper my head
quarters, and tha edits, wag
t w557! J 'I o
.'l WHAT TMfc k,1 mJ
A jl L srss?? ) r- 0 ft f
1 LOON'S Urfft A WOMANI
t -H,rVT THtfOUH lM VIMM.
f NOW. CONTAIN IT,1V
Absolutely NEW Type
Of Detective Story
obliging. He let me read all his news
letters from his local correspondent at
I waded through accounte of now
calves and coVta, new fences and barns,
who "Sundayed" with his brother, me.,
and ooon had a list of all ths esses In
thst part of the country. It was not a
long one. but It was scsttered. After
1 had traced them out. following Ken
nody'a Instructions, they showed noth
ing, except that they were uarelated to
the epidemic at the hall.
Meanwhile. Kennedy waa very busy
there. Ha had a microscope and slides
and test-tubes and chemicals for test
ing things, and I don't know what all,
for there was not time to Initiate ma
Into all the mysteries He tested the
water from the various driven wells and
In the water tank and the milk from
the enwe; he tried to find out what
food had come in from outalda, though
there was practically none, fbr tha hall
was self-supporting. Thsrs waa no
stone ha left unturned.
When I rejoined him thst night he
was clearly perplexed. I don't think
my report decreased his perplexity,
"There Is only ons thing left ss far
as I have been able to discover after
one day's work," ha aald, after we had
gone over our activities for the day.
"Jim Hianee never drank the water from
his own wells. He alwaya drank a
bottled water shipped down from a
camp of his In New York State, where
he had a remarkable mountain opting.
I tested a number of the full bottles at
the hall, hut they were perfectly pure.
"The wasn't a trace of baclllua typho.
sus In any of them. Then it occurred
to me that, after all. that waa not tha
thing to do. I should test the empty
onea. They told me they had all bean
taken down to the freight station yes
terday to he shipped back to the oamp.
I hope they haven't gone yet Let'e
drive around and aee If they are there."
The freight-master wae Just leaving,
hut when he learned we were from the
hall he consented to let us examine the
bottles. They were corked and In wood
en oaeea, which protected them perfflrt
ly. Bv the llrht of the vtatlon lamps
and the aid of a pocket-lens. Kenedy
examined them on the oiiterde and aat
latled hiinae.f that after being replaced
In the wooden cases the Imttlas them
selves had not been handled
"Will von let me borrow ene of these
bottles to-nl-hf" he esked fh agent
"I'll give you my word that they will
be returned safely to-morrow. If nec
essary I'll get an order for them."
The statlon-asent reluctantly yielded,
especially as a small green banknote fig
ured tn the traneaetlon. Craig and I
isadariy UOmi has Ma kattjas u taxtf
TT I 1HM MTTI
x I I kllaH vta
,4V V I VTte5fou
7y iJm) I 4IowT"unny
Arthur B. Reeve
rosea Into our trap and drove back to
our rooms la ths hotel. It quite exalted
the rsangers-on to see us rtrfve up with
a lot of empty five-gallon bottles and
carry them upstairs, but I had long ago
given up having any fear of public opin
ion In carrying out anything' Craig
In our room wo worked far Into the
night. Craig earstully swabbed out ths
bottom and aides of each bottle by In
serting a little piece of cotton on ths
snd of a Kaxg wire. Then ho s quaes sd
tbs water out of the oot ton swab oa
small glass slides coated with agar-agar,
or Japansss osawood, a medium ha
whloh germ-outturee multtpty rapidly
Ha pat tha elides away in a NtSe ovoa
wtth aa alcohol lamp wtdoh bo had
brought along, leaving them to remain
over night at blood heat.
I had noticed all this Urns that ho
was very particular not to touch any of
tha bottles oa ths outalda. As for me.
I wouldn't have touched them for ths
world. la fact. X was getting gp I
hesitated to touch anything.
I waa almost afraid to breathe, though
1 knew there was no harm In that
However, tt waa not danger of Infection
In touching the bottles that made Cvalg
so careful. Ms had noted, In ths dim
light of the station lamps, what seemed
to bo fl refer marks oa the bottles, and
they had interested hiss. In foot rand
decided him oa a further Investigation
of (ho bottles.
"I am now going to bring out these
very faint finger prints on ths bottles,"
remarked Craig, proceeding with bis
examination la the better light of our
room, "Hers Is soms powder known
to chemists as 'gray powder- mercury
and chalk. I sprinkle It over ths faint
markings, so, snd then I brush It off
with a remal'a hair brush lightly. That
brlnge out the Imprint much mors
clearly, as you eon eee.
"For Instance, if you place your dry
thumb on a piece of white paper you
leave no vtstbls Impression, tt gray
powder Is sprinkled over the sprat and
then brushed off a dlstlnat Impression Is
seen. If the Impression of the fingers Is
left on somsthlng soft Hks wax. It Is
often beat to use printers' Ink to bring
out the ridges and pattern, of the finger
marks And ao on for various materials
Quite a science has been built up around
"I wish I had that enlarging oamara
whloh I have in my Isftoratory. How
ever, my ordinary camera will do, for
all I want is to preserve a record of
these marks, and I csn enlarge the
photographa later. In tha morning I
will photograph theae marks and you
can do tha developing of the films
26. 1 9T5"
By C. M. Payne
Rtvtngt b m JnvtMtmtnt
DWNaoBFUINEn re the 1'
K satisfying of the vices. It Is pos
itively devoid of actual nutrtaon.
The "eaUefaotloQ '
which wa dative
v our Im
aginary enemy, has
not a etnglo aour
lablag element to
Oa the oust rosy.
H Is poisonous. It
Is a poison that
attache and tears
ataadard w a a n
eoneoloualy est (or ourselves. Gloating
over "getting even" Is mere gibbering,
fit wort for chtrnpenseee only. The
very expressions that appear ea out
faces whoa we are In the act of gloat
Ing In oar triumph ever aa
Wa can not actually "get
anybody who lafltats
amaalaary wrong upon as. Wo aaa
counter upon him, of course. Bat that
la a dornrhrht adopOoa of the faleery
a right, ii tse
wrens that ho has visited upoa as be
can do by way or reovtssi wll
or mltlgato that 01 heta si or a sat.
tt,mt wroaa Otanda. It la part e
record. It le archived sarsy la tab
made-up sorml. The
Fables of Everyday Folks.
HOB apoa a time Chars wao a
Ha was wsll haowa in ass sooa
tnunlty. Hs got sa vary wall ta
ths dUBsruf eeeav-
dls, delved into sat.
Mas sad was as aaa
what a soolable In
dividual. But as ho grow up
he developed a pro
pensity. It was for
ao ap io
about ho always
d a pot aids which
he continually thrust
Hs loved an argument, BO wen that
man times hs brouasht ons out JTJsTT
to hear htm serf expound rt
Now srsumenta sre ail very wen in
H.w. ii-.. . nit niece: wheat there la a
reason and resort therefrom. But thla
man did not so much want one outer
i.wa RtBAJtrVN for results. But
rather he Bought a ohaneo tosJrhlsowa
i-u... mn thst he mlsht inwardly re
flect, like Uttls Jack Horner. "What a
good boy am II"
Therefore, whoa ho went by tt
mtmmt M the ttma hS SbOBC
that "touched" soms one at the table
. a , there was a Htfle roost) III mm a
for a while. At flret, ths hostess would
BdtTfbvts the party gtaturbeesi
aocidstrt But. by and by. shs
me hasrlnalsxi sad sad
discussion to TiEUs argn men tartan.
...m aa Chat la me
up a dinner list hs was left out When
aWavava. axes a. 4V tMltstlO AMtaM wO sMttat
some question tn the vtetnlty this aaa
.. nreaent with inn paroctuar argu
merit, but waa rarely waa over to any
wtanw than that ha had decided
aBBeesaWJ hs cams.
but ha always had his flnger tn ths
toady so fhsd wo oa
w. ae ess aarhr. Ona
has dIShrulty ta getting up earky la the
oouwtry-tt ao noisy, as least ta s
city-bred man. CTty itotas a A. M.
lo aossjlohral gSoaoo oompared With
buootlo activity at that hour.
There wers a dosen negatives whloh
I set about developing after Craig had
used up all our films. Meanwhile, ha
busied hlmserf adjusting his microscope
snd test-tubes and sotting the agar
slides ready for examination.
Shirt aleevee rolled up. I wag deeply
Immersed In my work when I hoard a
about In ths next room, aad ths bath
room door flow open.
Confound you. Kennedy, do you want
to ruin theee films I" I or led.
He shut ths door with a bang. "Hur
rah, Walter!" ho exclaimed. "X think
I have It at last, t have Just found
some most promising colonies af the
ioH- M- H - H - H - HJ
o 6 b. ; j. '
Thai Pay No DtmMndt
(The Hew Yen Beealag Weald).
It then we can. And
at some time. In some wsy. It Is gulag
to come back to him. It 1 going to
plague and hurt him aa much as ever It
did us. Thus there Is no aosd is aa
to try to "got oven." The lino system
of checks and balances that applies to
human relatlonahlps Infallibly takes
that job out of our hands.
It Is a rare thing for tha saaa who
InHots a downright wrong upoa easts or
to be ao indurate In his uafalraeao and
moeaness aa to forgot about it or. If
remembering, to feel comfortable la his
about It. Civilisation, after att
has travelled pretty far oa tbs road of
conscience. Few of us are lucky enough
to be able to rest our beads upoa the
pillow without remembering wrongs. '
big or little, deliberate or Involuntary,
that wo have at some tamo Infllotod
And wo do not remember them. They
are ghosts that vffl not bo laid. Thar
shadow aa through the yearn. They
mar oar hap steal momenta. They will
not bo cons. And. la that sense, they
e a useful purpose While they
it daao Is beyond
(hoy counsel ao
of oar owa ao-
or heavy head ea the ptlow at night
la aa ansa a thing
job. Haas's slow is string lejaT
H for wa.
Oa. (The mww Tar utaa Waste).
would lot aha task iwtth -Oh, there's
Smith's std atguasat again." He car
rlod his arguments through hla buslaeas.
And many a ttato whoa hs w sated ta
persuade ansa (hat his Mas was Just
right ho tag a deal, lissaii the saaa
saw. the tread of ths aigaasat which
Tot ths saaa tiattaiiid ta argue.
When ha could find nobody also ta argue
wtth ho would aaa ka the edtaa boy.
But argue be must blow, ta the osmvs!
men course of events ths aaa act thgs
"sin sf his ohoiee." She sssasd wary
ATmAXTflVB to hta aad ho thoagkt
ho would Mho ta soaks bay his wife
So ho courted her.
If oho said It
bad some res
sot rata. The
ta fast, any
ws, oven ta the
Alwaya such aa
CORD sat set the
TiCNiUMO. Them shs
oho would try ta ovoid
So ho lees tars too. Ha
at last tha loastsat
I paid. osaosaWasj ary owa surprise,
'Tvo fewad out suwastlirss;, too. jtvory
one af Sheee hgoBji pilots so ear Is
from ths some said af hands"
Wo so roe ly ate aay breakfast aad
were soon oa our way us ta ths hall
Craig had provided himself at ths local
stationer's with aa Inking pad. such as
Is used for rubber stamps. At ths hall
hs proceeded to sot the Impressions of
ths fingers aad thumbs cf all the ser
vants. It waa quits a long sad difficult pises
of work (o compare ths fingerprints wo
hsd taken wtth those photographed, la
spits of ths fact that writers dtaaaal
on ths ease with which erknlaeis are
traosd by this systsm devised bp the
famous Oalton. However , we at last
finished ths Job between as: or rather
Craig finished It wtth aa
remark from ma. His dexterity an
as; It waa asoi
I ..... l-a -Hi
argurag by act
keeping up HODJt sad af tt; shlhuii-
For (he man would gsorye TBJB
"Why are you quiet T" '
Aad garb aaa he wusat riastil TSlI
t truth m em mem mmm
coses tar t .a who abaaM have beads
good" last ad, Tot hs did ao sss aad
So when (he thus tar "Will yTT'
rasas, shs did NOT wtO. She waa
WaTB enough ta see the future ta the
form of a oougtuoous wssagli. For even
saaa to kaow
TJefflBMT OOES A
than mors book hail
sHasbuad - . .
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