Newspaper Page Text
' ' ' r - Tit.
WHITMAN SAYS: "NO HOPE FOR BECKER"
THE WEATHER Fair to-nlghti Sunday ekwd
J. EDITION .SW
f " Circulation Books Open to All," I ,
j "Circulation Books Open to All."
PEIOE ONE CENT.
Coyrrliht, iBIB, bf The FrfM rabUMss
C. (The Mew York Wr1d).
NEW YORK, SATURDAY, JULY 24, 1915.
PRICE ONE OS NT.
J. EDITION .SW
MER SINKS, 1,200 DIE;
GO'S SLOCUM HORROR
WHITMJN SEES NO NEW CAUSE
TO GRANT CLEMENCY TO BECKER
"Convict's Story Insufficient to Pre
vent Becker's Electrocution," Says
Governor After Hearing Sing
ALBANY, July 24. Governor Whitman heard to-day in his private
office fn the presence of Deputy Warden Charles Johnson of Sing Sing
I , Prison, the story of Joseph Murphy, a convict, who claims to have heard
, Rose, Webber and Vallon conspire in the Tombs to fasten the murder
of'Hennan.,Royith4lj3ACliarle5 Becker. - '
' The affidavit of Murphy is to file with the papers in Becker's motion
for a new trial which is (o come up for argument in New York Monday
I "Convict Murphy's story" said the Governor,
1 ttllcl HOlUHIliij iu ctnu ijucoiuiiiiiy iiiu vuiuiiiuui dcuivci
aid, "ocars ail tne earmarxs oi nis own deceit ana
1 Ronlnr'c mcnirntirm It is immaterial nnrl incilffinlpnt
F WVWfWI U IllWfll UIIWIII 1W I .., (Ml "MM MIUHIIWU I
to prevent Becker's electrocution'
Murphy admitted, tho Governor said, thrffho had Ulkcd with Decker
In tho death house nt Sing Sins prison on tho evening of Juno 20 And that
on the following day hail written to Bourke Cockran Informing him of
overhearing the alleged "framo up."
The guards who had permitted Murphy to enter the death cell would
be dismissed Monday, tho Govornor said, after verifying the fact that
Murphy had talked with Ileckcr" by communicating with Warden Osborne of
Sing Sing. Murphy gained ndmittaiice to the death coll by telling tho
guards he was a member of tho Mutual Welfare League and offering to sing
for the condemned man.
The Governor got Wnrden Thomas
TWO SHIPS TORPEDOED,
BUT CREWS ARE SAVED
RESERVE ARMY OF 500,000,
URGE! AND BETTER NAVY,
WILSON'S PLAN OF DEFENSE
Mott Osborne on tho telephone nnd
demanded to know why such a
breach of prleon rules bad been pus.
wlble. Osborne replied that the story
filled him with amaze: leut nnd that
he would removti nt mice the two
guards who allowed Murphy access
to Hecker. Supt. Itlley also Issued
an order at onro to make any further
net of tho kind Impossible. Oov.
Whitman said such an order ought
not to be necessary, but it Deemed
necessary to mnko It In order to be
Murphy arrived hero handcuffed to
Keeper Joknson when tho Umpire
State Express rolled. In, and was
taken directly to the Executive Man
lou. Ho talked with tho Governor
over two hours nnd was then whisked
back to Sing Sing. Tho Governor
(Continued on Fourth Fage.)
The "Help Wanted" Advertise
ments of The World are con
sidered as a safe guide to judge
business conditions by.
Last Week The World Printed
"Help Wanted" Advertisements,
more than were printed in the
Herald and Times added together.
Incidentally, The World printed
1,067 more "Help Wanted"
Ads. than, during the corres
poodiog week of last year.
Russian Steamer Rubonia and British
Trawler Star of Peace Sent
liON'DON, July 24. The Ituaslan
uhlp Itubonla has been torpedoed and
sunk by a submarine. Her crew of
thirty was landed on the Orkney
Tho trawler star of Peace also -was
torpedoed and sunk oft the Orkneys.
The crew wan landed at Strom noes.
SAYS MILAN REPORT
Despatch to Geneva Quotes Many
Persons as Declaring Italians
GENEVA, July 21. A despatch to tho
Tribune from Milan says: "Many
persons arriving at Milan state that
after severe lighting the Italian
troops have taken Gorizla."
FINE ABSENTEE DELEGATES.
(tuluu Wnnt Coimlltnlluiml C.'on
trillion Mrmhi-r I'unlnliril,
AI.lt A NY, July 24 Flnea for detonates
wliii niln f union of the ('onutltutlnriiil
Convention will be urged by Delegate
Li-iiuK'l II. tin I (ft In a motion on .Monday
nifibt, he ald to-day. Detogute receive
Mlnrlm of JJO ii day for every day Unit
the convention HI. iegadless of wheth
er they lire present or absent, nnd .Mr,
Qulgg lellect they should be lined that
amount when not In nttmdunre. The
convention again mcKeu a, quorum to-
WORK AT CORNISH
NOT ON A VACATION
Official Statement Issued at the
White House Says the President
on Return From Cornish Will
Take Up the Question.
(Special from a 8taff Correspondent of The Evening World.)
WASHINGTON, July 24. National defense is the next important
subject President Wilson is studying. From the White House to-day
thexe was issued this statement:
"The President has been considering every phase of this Im
portant matter and Intends, while away, to Bite much of bis time
to a (nil consideration of it. Upon his return from Cornish, tbere
doubtless will be conferences between him and the Secretaries of
the Navy and War. The purpose of these conferences will be to
procure Information upon which bo can base a fair, reasonable and
practical programme of national defense."
No intimation Is glvon lffexecutlve
circles of what course .tho Prosldent
will take between the peace advo
cates on one extreme and the big
army and big navy advocates on the
It was hinted officially that with
the dispatch of the emphatic note to
Germany, the President ha4 decided
to hasten the reports and recom
mendations being prepared by the
War and Navy Departments for the
regular session of Congress, so that
all necesisry Information might be
available If emergency arose.
MAY RAISE RE8ERVE ARMY OF
500,000 OR MORE.
The President hopes to lay founda
tions for a permanont national policy,
particularly for tho army. Details of
a reserve systom bolng planned are
withhold, but It Is said the aim of
tho general staff Is to create a re
serve army of at least 600,000 m,en
and possibly more. Increases are
planned In the regular army posts
at Hawaii, the Philippines and the
Panama Canal zone, with a material
Increase of tho forces In Continental
In tho navy, work Is proceeding
steadily on the perfection of the sub
marine nnd the aeroplane. Attention
has been concentrated on putting the
navy on an equality with the most
Although the navy general board
has not completed Its plans, It Is
understood, authoritatively, that at
least thirty submarines and possibly
fifty will be asked of Congress when
tho reports are submitted. Work on
ships now building Is to bo rushed,
Tho President wants nothing to dis
turb conditions In tho navy yards,
and at his direction, Sccrotary Tu
multy has Informed employees of the
Washington yard that the President
will confer with them on their wage
scale demund us soon as he returns
When William J. Hryan was Secre-
President Takes With Him
Mass of Papers Which
He Will Study.
(ConUnufd on Second Fate.)
CORNISH, N. II., July 24. Preal
dent Wilson Arrived here ehortly
after ono o'clock this afternoon for
his second visit of tho year at the
Tho President told nn admirer at
Bellowa HaJls. Vt whore bis train
stopped for a few mlnutea, that he
did not como to New England for a
"I cumo for an uninterrupted op
portunlty for work," ho Bald.
The President brought with htm n
mass of paper of different subjects
and expects to opend much of his
time tn his study.
During the last stages of his trip
the President wont to the platform of
his car at nearly every stop and shook
hands with many persons. Ono woman
who was waiting at Hollows Falls wild
that sho came all t he way from
Hoston to meet Mr. Wilson. He ex
pressed his pleasure at her Interest.
When the train arrived at Windsor
most of tho population was gathered
at tho station tn welcome tho Presl
dent back again. Ills son-ln-Iaw,
Francis n. Sayre, was at the station
and motored with the President to
2,500 WERE ON BOARD ;
600 BODIES RECOVERED
The Eastland Goes Down at Her Pier When Crowded
With Excursionists, Mostly Women and ,Children
Many of the Victims Imprisoned in Hold of "
Vessel, Which Sanit After She Capsized.
CHICAOO, July 24. The big three-deck steel excursion steamer Eastland, laden with about 2,500 excursionists,
who had gone aboard for an excursion across Lake Michigan, turned turtle and sank at her dock in the Chicago River
near the Clark Street Bridge at 7.40 o'clock this morning.
Deputy Coroner David Jones and Sheriff John E. Tracgcr, who arc In charge of the removal- of the bodies frem
the wreck, which is lying on its port side in mid-stream, estimate that the number drowned will reach 1,200, and may
run to 1,500.
More than 600 bodies have been recovered, and men at work on the boat said the wreck was still llterajly stuffed
In point of number of lives sacrificed this disaster promises to ex
ceed the Slocum disaster in the East River, New York, on June 15, 1904,
when 1,020 excursionists were burned to death or drowned. The par
allel goes farther in that the Captain of the Eastland, Harry Pederson of
Benton Harbor, Mich., Is under arrest.
As Poderson was being taken south In Clark Street to be locked up, an
lmmenso crowd charged tho twenty policemen who formed bis escort The
officers formed a hollow square and fought with their clubs until help
rcachod them. Pedcrson was badly pummelled by men who managed to
roach him. Ho Is charged with Interfering with the work of rescue be
cause the methods of the policemen and firemen wcro damaging the boat
Bell Fisher, first mate of tho Eastland, la also under arrest In addition
to the cbargo of Interfering with tho work of rescue, tho officers are ac
cused of not having on board a sufficient quantity of water ballast to coun
teract any concerted movement of the passengers from one side of tho boat
to the other. It is said that for the purpose of bringing the boat Into the
Chicago River It has been customary to discharge her wator ballast outside
and not take It on again until the boat was In tho deep water of the lake.
A Orand Jury Investigation bat been ordorcd following an Inquiry In
stituted by State's Attorney Hoyne.
RUSH TO SHADY SIDE UPSET BOAT.
The disaster waa caused by the doslro of passengers on the upper decks
to get on the shady side of tho boat They crowded to tho port aldo and
overbalanced the Eastland, which turned over In a few minutes.
Tho appalling disaster simply paralyzed Chicago. Tho Eastland and
othor excursion boats had been chartered by tho Western Elcctrlo Com
pany to take Us employees, their wives, children and swoothcarts for a
ride on Lake Michigan.
Over 7,000 tickets had been ls8uednnd tho vicinity of tho Eastland's
wharf was Jammed with a happy carc-freo crowd when the big boat sud
denly slid over on her side and floated away from shore.
The scone of the disaster is near tho heart of the Loop district, tho
hub of Chicago, and tho crowds that packed tho strcot were soon beyond
the control of the rogular patrolmen. Call after call was sont for reserves
until policemen were hurrying downtown from tho outermost suburbs.
All traffic policemen wero rushed to the sccno of the disaster and soon
the downtown ntrccts wore in a Jam of undirected traffic. For blocks in all
directions tens of thousands of people wero packed In solid masses from
curb to curb. Trolley cars wero unublo to procood, aud oven "L" road
trafflo was disturbed.
Temporary morgues were established, and every sort of a vchlclo avail
able was pressed Into service for hauling tho bodies of the dead. Many
bodies woro carried for blocks down tbo strenm and were dragged to
wharves and bridges. Rescuers at work on the Eastland said that the vic
tims were parked on the under side of the boat like Bnrdlnes In a can,
The entire cjty went Into mournlps tnja afternoon, As tn the IroquoU
: - t
Theatre disaster, womon and children formed the bulk of the victims, Ttrn
Now York-Chicago American League and IJaltlmore-Chlcago Federal League '
baseball games scheduled for this afternoon were called ol on account of
the disaster. '
Threos hours after the accident the cries and poundings of peraoni
confined In cabins and othor rooms above the water line were audible to
portions on shore above the rattle of drills and other apparatus with which
holee were being cut through the steel framework.
Drcdgcn and floating derricks were run alongside the Eastland this
aftornoon and an effort will bo mule to bolst the vessel so that the can
When It was learned that bodies were bolng found down the river
ordors were Issuod to tho great pumping stations which force water from
Lake Michigan Into the Chicago Itlvcr and down to the Drainage Canal
to shut down. In a short time the artificial current ceased and the Chi
cago River became as stagnant as It was in the days when It waa prac
tically a narlgablo pond.
Panic struck the passengers when the boat began to turn over. Best,
accounts of witnesses said the steamer rolled slightly twice, then turned
further and that hundreds of screaming, struggling mon, women and chll
dren slid across the sloping decks, fought for room and clutched at compan
ion ways, dock chairs or any other 'object that came to hand.
Women and children by the hundreds were caught below decks on4
the scratchod faces, torn clothing and bruised bodies of the dead bore aula
evidence of tbo desperation with which thoy had fought for life.
The Eastland was a topheavy boat under the best ot circumstances.
Sho almost turned over at her dock at Clovoland some years ago. and
measures wero taken at that time to havo ber condemned aa uasea worthy.
Sho waa brought to this port two years ago and was used In the lake
Capt Poderson of the Eastland denies that pressuro of the crowds oa
the deck caused the boat to turn ovor. Ho claims that what he calls an
"air chute" in the 'hull opened, admitting tons of water. Offcera of the
Chicago and St. Joseph Steamship Company blame the La Follette Law
which, they claim, so encumborcd the uppor docks with life rafts and life
preservers that an unusual pressuro of passengora to one side turned It
VICTIMS CAUGHT UNDER HULL.
The Eastland turned over in tho direction of mldstrcum. As the haw
sers snapped she drifted away from the dock and sank In twenty feet ot
water, lying on her port side.
As the boat went over tho passengers on the port side slid to the rails. '
Scores wero dumped into tho river, and as the steamer fell on Its aide thoy
wero caught under the bulk of wood nnd steel.
For somo tlmo after tho accident the Chicago Itlver In tho vicinity oL
tho Clark Stroot brldgo was literally black with bodies. Scores ot boats
wero rushod to tho work of rescue, but they were Insufficient to care for
tbo great number In danger. Among thoso who slid off the upper deoks ot
tho boat and found themselves In tho water In midstream there "were
frightful struggles In which drowning porsous clutched all within reach
and dragged them down.
W. II. arcenbaum. who was In chnrgo of the excursion 'ail?!
"We chartered lvo steamers for tho excursion of the Western Electric
Company's employees to Michigan City, Ind, We had the steamers Rut
land, Petoskoy, Theodore Roojevelt, Racine and Maywood.
"The Eastland was the Arst boat to load and the docks war stews 1
f -- : - . .. . ..A