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WHITMAN SAYS: "NO HOPE FOR BECKER" THE WEATHER Fair to-nlghti Sunday ekwd FINAT J. EDITION .SW f " Circulation Books Open to All," I , j "Circulation Books Open to All." PEIOE ONE CENT. Coyrrliht, iBIB, bf The FrfM rabUMss C. (The Mew York Wr1d). NEW YORK, SATURDAY, JULY 24, 1915. 10 PAGES PRICE ONE OS NT. riNAi J. EDITION .SW TEA MER SINKS, 1,200 DIE; CHICA GO'S SLOCUM HORROR -t WHITMJN SEES NO NEW CAUSE TO GRANT CLEMENCY TO BECKER H "Convict's Story Insufficient to Pre vent Becker's Electrocution," Says Governor After Hearing Sing Sing Prisoner. ALBANY, July 24. Governor Whitman heard to-day in his private office fn the presence of Deputy Warden Charles Johnson of Sing Sing I , Prison, the story of Joseph Murphy, a convict, who claims to have heard , Rose, Webber and Vallon conspire in the Tombs to fasten the murder of'Hennan.,Royith4lj3ACliarle5 Becker. - ' ' The affidavit of Murphy is to file with the papers in Becker's motion for a new trial which is (o come up for argument in New York Monday i morning. I "Convict Murphy's story" said the Governor, 1 ttllcl HOlUHIliij iu ctnu ijucoiuiiiiiy iiiu vuiuiiiuui dcuivci aid, "ocars ail tne earmarxs oi nis own deceit ana 1 Ronlnr'c mcnirntirm It is immaterial nnrl incilffinlpnt F WVWfWI U IllWfll UIIWIII 1W I .., (Ml "MM MIUHIIWU I to prevent Becker's electrocution' Murphy admitted, tho Governor said, thrffho had Ulkcd with Decker In tho death house nt Sing Sins prison on tho evening of Juno 20 And that on the following day hail written to Bourke Cockran Informing him of overhearing the alleged "framo up." The guards who had permitted Murphy to enter the death cell would be dismissed Monday, tho Govornor said, after verifying the fact that Murphy had talked with Ileckcr" by communicating with Warden Osborne of Sing Sing. Murphy gained ndmittaiice to the death coll by telling tho guards he was a member of tho Mutual Welfare League and offering to sing for the condemned man. The Governor got Wnrden Thomas TWO SHIPS TORPEDOED, BUT CREWS ARE SAVED RESERVE ARMY OF 500,000, URGE! AND BETTER NAVY, WILSON'S PLAN OF DEFENSE Mott Osborne on tho telephone nnd demanded to know why such a breach of prleon rules bad been pus. wlble. Osborne replied that the story filled him with amaze: leut nnd that he would removti nt mice the two guards who allowed Murphy access to Hecker. Supt. Itlley also Issued an order at onro to make any further net of tho kind Impossible. Oov. Whitman said such an order ought not to be necessary, but it Deemed necessary to mnko It In order to be safe. Murphy arrived hero handcuffed to Keeper Joknson when tho Umpire State Express rolled. In, and was taken directly to the Executive Man lou. Ho talked with tho Governor over two hours nnd was then whisked back to Sing Sing. Tho Governor (Continued on Fourth Fage.) BUSINESS IS PICKING UP! y The "Help Wanted" Advertise ments of The World are con sidered as a safe guide to judge business conditions by. Last Week The World Printed 7,072 "Help Wanted" Advertisements, or 5,442 more than were printed in the Herald and Times added together. Incidentally, The World printed 1,067 more "Help Wanted" Ads. than, during the corres poodiog week of last year. Russian Steamer Rubonia and British Trawler Star of Peace Sent to Bottom. liON'DON, July 24. The Ituaslan uhlp Itubonla has been torpedoed and sunk by a submarine. Her crew of thirty was landed on the Orkney Islands. Tho trawler star of Peace also -was torpedoed and sunk oft the Orkneys. The crew wan landed at Strom noes. GORIZIA CAPTURED, SAYS MILAN REPORT Despatch to Geneva Quotes Many Persons as Declaring Italians Have Won. GENEVA, July 21. A despatch to tho Tribune from Milan says: "Many persons arriving at Milan state that after severe lighting the Italian troops have taken Gorizla." FINE ABSENTEE DELEGATES. (tuluu Wnnt Coimlltnlluiml C.'on trillion Mrmhi-r I'unlnliril, AI.lt A NY, July 24 Flnea for detonates wliii niln f union of the ('onutltutlnriiil Convention will be urged by Delegate Li-iiuK'l II. tin I (ft In a motion on .Monday nifibt, he ald to-day. Detogute receive Mlnrlm of JJO ii day for every day Unit the convention HI. iegadless of wheth er they lire present or absent, nnd .Mr, Qulgg lellect they should be lined that amount when not In nttmdunre. The convention again mcKeu a, quorum to- WORK AT CORNISH NOT ON A VACATION WILSON DECLARES Official Statement Issued at the White House Says the President on Return From Cornish Will Take Up the Question. (Special from a 8taff Correspondent of The Evening World.) WASHINGTON, July 24. National defense is the next important subject President Wilson is studying. From the White House to-day thexe was issued this statement: "The President has been considering every phase of this Im portant matter and Intends, while away, to Bite much of bis time to a (nil consideration of it. Upon his return from Cornish, tbere doubtless will be conferences between him and the Secretaries of the Navy and War. The purpose of these conferences will be to procure Information upon which bo can base a fair, reasonable and practical programme of national defense." No intimation Is glvon lffexecutlve circles of what course .tho Prosldent will take between the peace advo cates on one extreme and the big army and big navy advocates on the other. It was hinted officially that with the dispatch of the emphatic note to Germany, the President ha4 decided to hasten the reports and recom mendations being prepared by the War and Navy Departments for the regular session of Congress, so that all necesisry Information might be available If emergency arose. MAY RAISE RE8ERVE ARMY OF 500,000 OR MORE. The President hopes to lay founda tions for a permanont national policy, particularly for tho army. Details of a reserve systom bolng planned are withhold, but It Is said the aim of tho general staff Is to create a re serve army of at least 600,000 m,en and possibly more. Increases are planned In the regular army posts at Hawaii, the Philippines and the Panama Canal zone, with a material Increase of tho forces In Continental United States. In tho navy, work Is proceeding steadily on the perfection of the sub marine nnd the aeroplane. Attention has been concentrated on putting the navy on an equality with the most efficient. Although the navy general board has not completed Its plans, It Is understood, authoritatively, that at least thirty submarines and possibly fifty will be asked of Congress when tho reports are submitted. Work on ships now building Is to bo rushed, Tho President wants nothing to dis turb conditions In tho navy yards, and at his direction, Sccrotary Tu multy has Informed employees of the Washington yard that the President will confer with them on their wage scale demund us soon as he returns from Cornish. When William J. Hryan was Secre- President Takes With Him Mass of Papers Which He Will Study. (ConUnufd on Second Fate.) CORNISH, N. II., July 24. Preal dent Wilson Arrived here ehortly after ono o'clock this afternoon for his second visit of tho year at the summer capital, Tho President told nn admirer at Bellowa HaJls. Vt whore bis train stopped for a few mlnutea, that he did not como to New England for a vacation. "I cumo for an uninterrupted op portunlty for work," ho Bald. The President brought with htm n mass of paper of different subjects and expects to opend much of his time tn his study. During the last stages of his trip the President wont to the platform of his car at nearly every stop and shook hands with many persons. Ono woman who was waiting at Hollows Falls wild that sho came all t he way from Hoston to meet Mr. Wilson. He ex pressed his pleasure at her Interest. When the train arrived at Windsor most of tho population was gathered at tho station tn welcome tho Presl dent back again. Ills son-ln-Iaw, Francis n. Sayre, was at the station and motored with the President to Harlakenijen House. 2,500 WERE ON BOARD ; 600 BODIES RECOVERED -win mvmwmimmwwm I The Eastland Goes Down at Her Pier When Crowded With Excursionists, Mostly Women and ,Children Many of the Victims Imprisoned in Hold of " Vessel, Which Sanit After She Capsized. . CHICAOO, July 24. The big three-deck steel excursion steamer Eastland, laden with about 2,500 excursionists, who had gone aboard for an excursion across Lake Michigan, turned turtle and sank at her dock in the Chicago River near the Clark Street Bridge at 7.40 o'clock this morning. Deputy Coroner David Jones and Sheriff John E. Tracgcr, who arc In charge of the removal- of the bodies frem the wreck, which is lying on its port side in mid-stream, estimate that the number drowned will reach 1,200, and may run to 1,500. More than 600 bodies have been recovered, and men at work on the boat said the wreck was still llterajly stuffed with dead. In point of number of lives sacrificed this disaster promises to ex ceed the Slocum disaster in the East River, New York, on June 15, 1904, when 1,020 excursionists were burned to death or drowned. The par allel goes farther in that the Captain of the Eastland, Harry Pederson of Benton Harbor, Mich., Is under arrest. As Poderson was being taken south In Clark Street to be locked up, an lmmenso crowd charged tho twenty policemen who formed bis escort The officers formed a hollow square and fought with their clubs until help rcachod them. Pedcrson was badly pummelled by men who managed to roach him. Ho Is charged with Interfering with the work of rescue be cause the methods of the policemen and firemen wcro damaging the boat Bell Fisher, first mate of tho Eastland, la also under arrest In addition to the cbargo of Interfering with tho work of rescue, tho officers are ac cused of not having on board a sufficient quantity of water ballast to coun teract any concerted movement of the passengers from one side of tho boat to the other. It is said that for the purpose of bringing the boat Into the Chicago River It has been customary to discharge her wator ballast outside and not take It on again until the boat was In tho deep water of the lake. A Orand Jury Investigation bat been ordorcd following an Inquiry In stituted by State's Attorney Hoyne. RUSH TO SHADY SIDE UPSET BOAT. The disaster waa caused by the doslro of passengers on the upper decks to get on the shady side of tho boat They crowded to tho port aldo and overbalanced the Eastland, which turned over In a few minutes. Tho appalling disaster simply paralyzed Chicago. Tho Eastland and othor excursion boats had been chartered by tho Western Elcctrlo Com pany to take Us employees, their wives, children and swoothcarts for a ride on Lake Michigan. Over 7,000 tickets had been ls8uednnd tho vicinity of tho Eastland's wharf was Jammed with a happy carc-freo crowd when the big boat sud denly slid over on her side and floated away from shore. The scone of the disaster is near tho heart of the Loop district, tho hub of Chicago, and tho crowds that packed tho strcot were soon beyond the control of the rogular patrolmen. Call after call was sont for reserves until policemen were hurrying downtown from tho outermost suburbs. All traffic policemen wero rushed to the sccno of the disaster and soon the downtown ntrccts wore in a Jam of undirected traffic. For blocks in all directions tens of thousands of people wero packed In solid masses from curb to curb. Trolley cars wero unublo to procood, aud oven "L" road trafflo was disturbed. Temporary morgues were established, and every sort of a vchlclo avail able was pressed Into service for hauling tho bodies of the dead. Many bodies woro carried for blocks down tbo strenm and were dragged to wharves and bridges. Rescuers at work on the Eastland said that the vic tims were parked on the under side of the boat like Bnrdlnes In a can, The entire cjty went Into mournlps tnja afternoon, As tn the IroquoU : - t Theatre disaster, womon and children formed the bulk of the victims, Ttrn Now York-Chicago American League and IJaltlmore-Chlcago Federal League ' baseball games scheduled for this afternoon were called ol on account of the disaster. ' Threos hours after the accident the cries and poundings of peraoni confined In cabins and othor rooms above the water line were audible to portions on shore above the rattle of drills and other apparatus with which holee were being cut through the steel framework. Drcdgcn and floating derricks were run alongside the Eastland this aftornoon and an effort will bo mule to bolst the vessel so that the can be explored. When It was learned that bodies were bolng found down the river ordors were Issuod to tho great pumping stations which force water from Lake Michigan Into the Chicago Itlvcr and down to the Drainage Canal to shut down. In a short time the artificial current ceased and the Chi cago River became as stagnant as It was in the days when It waa prac tically a narlgablo pond. Panic struck the passengers when the boat began to turn over. Best, accounts of witnesses said the steamer rolled slightly twice, then turned further and that hundreds of screaming, struggling mon, women and chll dren slid across the sloping decks, fought for room and clutched at compan ion ways, dock chairs or any other 'object that came to hand. Women and children by the hundreds were caught below decks on4 the scratchod faces, torn clothing and bruised bodies of the dead bore aula evidence of tbo desperation with which thoy had fought for life. The Eastland was a topheavy boat under the best ot circumstances. Sho almost turned over at her dock at Clovoland some years ago. and measures wero taken at that time to havo ber condemned aa uasea worthy. Sho waa brought to this port two years ago and was used In the lake excursion trado. Capt Poderson of the Eastland denies that pressuro of the crowds oa the deck caused the boat to turn ovor. Ho claims that what he calls an "air chute" in the 'hull opened, admitting tons of water. Offcera of the Chicago and St. Joseph Steamship Company blame the La Follette Law which, they claim, so encumborcd the uppor docks with life rafts and life preservers that an unusual pressuro of passengora to one side turned It over. VICTIMS CAUGHT UNDER HULL. The Eastland turned over in tho direction of mldstrcum. As the haw sers snapped she drifted away from the dock and sank In twenty feet ot water, lying on her port side. As the boat went over tho passengers on the port side slid to the rails. ' Scores wero dumped into tho river, and as the steamer fell on Its aide thoy wero caught under the bulk of wood nnd steel. For somo tlmo after tho accident the Chicago Itlver In tho vicinity oL tho Clark Stroot brldgo was literally black with bodies. Scores ot boats wero rushod to tho work of rescue, but they were Insufficient to care for tbo great number In danger. Among thoso who slid off the upper deoks ot tho boat and found themselves In tho water In midstream there "were frightful struggles In which drowning porsous clutched all within reach and dragged them down. W. II. arcenbaum. who was In chnrgo of the excursion 'ail?! "We chartered lvo steamers for tho excursion of the Western Electric Company's employees to Michigan City, Ind, We had the steamers Rut land, Petoskoy, Theodore Roojevelt, Racine and Maywood. "The Eastland was the Arst boat to load and the docks war stews 1 n i i f -- : - . .. . ..A r