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m 'v . - 17 . . A ..' . . .V- i ' V' !WA 1
GERMAN GUNS SHA11EK HJKI VAUX AT VERDUN
; . ) .
VNNLxV WEATHER Cloudy totnlght ncl FrM.yi cJdsr.
"Circulation Books Open to A1L
"Circulation Pooka Open to AIV
PRICE ONE OENT.
Cop; rl III i 1010, by Tim Ptnt Plbllthlnl
Co. (Till) New York World).
NEW YORK, THURSDAY, MARCH 2,
PRICE ONE OENT.
STORM IN SENATE OVER U
WILSON WANTS WAR. GORE
NEW VERDUN DRIVE BEGUN
FROM PLAIN OF
WITH 90,000 FRESH TROOPS
.Prench and German War Offices
Make No Mention of the Destruc
tion of Fort Vaux, but Paris
yjmits Violent Bombardment.
' ., .
, LONbON, March 2. An Amsterdam despatch to the Central News
says that Fort Vaux, live miles to the northeast of Verdun, has been
destroyed by heavy mortars, according to unconfirmed German reports,
Kit that the Germans cannot approach the fort, as the French have
brought heavy artillery to bear on the approaches. A German battery
lias beep 4?stoyed by French shells.
J Port de Vaux is two inllt-a southeast uj Fort Uu Douaumoitt,
v -Which tha Gormuns Inst week captured by 'storm. J
The Germans;-rMs reported, have concentrated 9o,uou meiv near
BuzyV. They aVc to resume the offensive with reinforcements from the
Argonne Buzy is about sixteen miles to the"east of Verdun.
No mention of tho buttering t Fort
Viiux la mado. in to. Jay's olllclal re
ports from either Paris or Merlin.
IMrl says the French positions were
violently bombarded, and IIimIIh re
ports an unsuccessful counter-attack '
by the l'l;ench lit Pounumont. Tho
French report of German repulse .it
Frcsnes discredits tho unollli'lul re
port that (.ioniums had taken the
AceuidiiiR lo tlio report frtun Am
sterdam, the Germans. air taKlitfr
'Dieppe, nio''d up h'-iivy hun ItwrHi
Mild beiruu u bomhardment of l'ort
Vaux. At. the same tlmo an nrilllery
and Infant, y nttuck wits delivered
against l'ort dca T.ivannes, tho next
of the Vordun forta south of au.
Tho French hurled back this attack
At the railway station nt Fix, but were
pushed back upon Vaux and Dually
"forced to abundon It.
I The Wocvtc Plain Is crossed
by only four military roads imd
troops nnd Unlit artillery would be
(Continued on Second Page.)
DAILY (Morning Edition Onlyi
(City New Companies' figures)
CORRESPONDING FEBRUARY DATES:
Gain, 10,326 Loss, 5,850 Loss, 5,250 Gain, 6,700
Sunday Woirlld Growth
In Home OircMlatnon
DURING THE FIRST TWO MONTHS OF lllli
(City Nwt Companies' Figure)
1916. WORLD. AMERICAN. HERALD. TIMES.
Jan. 2 324,092 304,678 89,879 174,677
.Feb. 27 349,070 316,494 92,459 183,130
Gain 24,978 ' 11,816 2,580 8,453
1it Worli Cain Creator Than tht COMBINED Cain 0 11 thru principal ampttllotv
World's Gain 24,978
Combined Gain of American, Herald and Times 22,849
World's Excess Over Combined Gain 2,129
THE WORLD (Daily and Sunday) Leads All Other New York
Daily and Sunday Competitors in Advertising
WORLD. AMERICAN. HERALD. TIMES,
Columns. Columns. Columns. Columns.
Feb., 1916.. 3.063H 2.353J 1.751H 2.496H
Feb., 1915.. 2,424 2,111 1.950H 2,073
Gain, 638 Gain, 242 Los3,199 Gain, 423
World Leads the Times 567 Cols.
World Leads the American 709 Cols.
World Leads the Herald 1,312 Cols.
CZAR OF BULGARIA?
Koine Hears Report That Ferdinand
V:k Att:iki.l While Retnrninp
........ n rn l
I luiii ijcinu.
LUNOO.V. Mnreh 22. A wlicless '
'dop-Ui-li from Hume to-day elates i
that lT.ni Ferdinand of HulBalid is
mi lously ill with bronchitis. Tlio I
niessajro adds, however, that there
are rumors that ho Is suffering from
wounds received In an attempt by
foes to assasslnnlo him whllo ho was
returning from Ills recent trip to Ber
lin and Vienna,
ltoports of Czar Ferdinand's serl-
nils lllllPAM wprn ntftn rt-flK'vl he.rA In
I n Zurich desnateh. nnotlnsr nilvlrm
from Vienna. Thoso despatches said
that Ferdinand Is now at CohurK,
CAN'T TELL WHY HE
0. 0 $1 25,000
P. S. Board's Chief Iingineer
Surprises Thompson Com-,
mittee by Testimony. .
Engineer Advised Not to Reply
Changes His Mind Dur
Alfred Craven, chief engineer for
tho Public Service Commission at
2O,W0 a year, admitted before the
Thompson Committee this afternoon
that he allowed HI5.000 to tho Intor
borouRh Co. out of their claim of
$1,532,000 preliminary exponses toward
building the new eubwnys.
Asked w hat lie hail clone to audit
he Item? of the claim, how. ha ar
rlyeU at the conclusion that 1125,000
was a fair settlement, Mr. Craven
floundered hopelossly In a hog of ex
planation. He admitted that he did
not know that one dollar of the Inter-
) borough's claim was Juit and that he
finally mado up his mind to Brunt
M25.000 because .his auMrdlnntos "told
him It was a food, settlement."
Mr. Craven denlct? that ho knew
anything about President Shonts's
1 .... . - amp aha '
l.croy T. Hnrkuoss of counsel to tho
Public Servlco Commission, Jumped
"I alllJ advised 71Crrtou not to
ui'it juuwipnuu uu 110111.-0 inai no
will lirefer charses annlnst Craven.
Henator Thompson fcaJd ho will prefer!
charge? against llarkucss, too.
Chief Hnglneer Craven continued
his testimony late this afternoon. Ills
ngKTe.ialvo friend, Leroy T. Harkncss,
nat far bohlnd him, with his right
knee In his hand and a look of fierce
determination on his pale face.
Senator Thomp?on announced that
ho had word from Albany that tiho
time of the commlttco'B investigation
will bo extended to July 1. There Is
no doubt the Assembly will pass tho
resolution to-night. Iloglnnlng noxt
Mondify the committee will meet In
one of tho rooms of the Coroner's
: office in the Municipal Bulletins:.
Alfred Craven, Chief Knginevr of the
l'ubllc Service Commission, returned
I rum riiiHliur.it to fuco tho Thompson
ii'tmimlttto to-day. Mr. Craven took
'olllco In October, ion. Tho "prior de
termination," ho testified, wus mado
I Oct. 14, vm. Tho date of the doal
contract was .March 13, VjU.
"How did you dotermlnn the amount
'to allow tho InterborouRh'."' .Mr,
I Craven was asked by Counsel s mater.
I "Kxpcndlturus that wcro mado by
the companies far back as 1907,"
j Mr. Craven eald, "were ttone over, and
whatever expenditures were thourht
(Continued on Sixth I'ao
BRITISH HELD UP !
MAIL ON ROTTERDAM
Britain Sends Reply to Protest
United States Made Against
THK HAOUK. March 1' (via l.on-
don). Tho lirltish authorities havo.
detained tho mall on board tho Dutrih
steamer Sommelsdluk, which haj ar
rived at Itottordam from Now York.
WASHINGTON, Moron 2. Secre
tary I vi rising said to-day that Ambas
sador rage at London had cabled an
outline of Great Britain's roply o tho
American proteat against lntcrfor
encea with malls, which is cornlmr by
iost but he declined to say what tho
outline Indicated! Nothing would b
done, lie kald. until thr note itself had
Bride of Fifteen, Who Confessed
UUUnri Mn Whn WrnnnnJ tin
? ii i i i i . I , I
":; ' . s i. " i
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1. 1 " , .jKB
OIInt. news sir.
18 KILLED ON ONE
Russian Steamship, French
Mine Sweeper and British
LONDON, March 2. On tho first
day of the new German order to tor
pedo armed merchantmen, tho Rus
sian steamer Alexander Wcntzel was
sent to tl)o bottom with a Joed of
olghtcon lives, according to despatches
received here to-day.
Klevcn of the steamct's crew wero
rescued, It waa Btnted. The d cspatches
roportod only tluu tho atcamer wus
sunk yesterday and eairiod no hint as
to whether she was a victim of tin
now German lcorec.
Four Lowestoft llshlns smacks, the
Trevoso, Tyron, Hcllance und Harold,
have been sunk within twonty-four
hours. Their crows wre landed.
The Italian sailing ohlp l'K nlso
haa horn unk, according to de
spatches received hu;e this after
Lloyds' agent at Wythe reports that
the. UrltUh steamship Thornaby tvut
sunk by a mine ou Monday last.
HAVRE, March 2. Tho French
minesweeper Au Hevolr waa torpe
doed and sunk Tuesday by a Gor
man U-boat. The crow haa been
Bayed, according to advices received
STOCKHOLM (Via London), March
2. It has been learned that thu
Bwedleh steamer Knppla wus t,unli
about too yards lnuldo tho limit of
lllchard J, Gammon, Ifnrarmnn,
Richard Jesse Gammon, ntvcnty-onc
years old, and a vuteran raco lior.to tnnn,
died at the hoino of his daughter, Mrs.
Andrew Mrl Knrlocker. No, 52 llol
mont I'liu-e, Yonkerd, Into lu.it night
Mr. Gammon hfid.n nrB- ttubk. of run
ners for many yeurt., but ictlrcd fiom
the turf twelve j tuta asu.
SEVEN MORE SHIPS
OF SLAIN MAN SAY
Fight to Break Down Claim
That Would Save Prisoner
TOUT WOKTU, Texan. March :'.
Katharine Vance Harrison, tho fifteen-year-old
brldo who shot and
killed W. 1.. Warren becauv. in sho
said, ho hid uttacked hor beforu her
inarrlagrt last Christma-s, will prob
ably not bu lndlclcd. Tho Texas law
makes no , provision ' for prm't utton
of a poraon under eighteen for mur
dor An effort, is blig mailo by
relatives of' Ydrren to pi'n Mrs.
Harrison' Is' blnotceii, but it i nut re
garded with toVratton by t ! nuthor.
iti's of tho cumiiiuult.
7.1 1 s.i Lois (lul'n, tho j.jutlifnl
bride's clpso friend, who maile tho
stateiuRtit to thu police uhloh lod to
Mrs. Harrison's mff NiUm, haa dls
appeared. Tlio young husband Klatids
(,tauii"-Uly by the girl, uylB that he
! ii only sorry her revenge
I attained by lilt, hands.
Tho confessed slayer of Wairen hus
been tinilllngly self-confident cvor
since tho death of Wurrnn, and s(etus
Incapablo of understanding why nh)
should be held to account. Her uiily
unhappy moments xeeined to be thoso
when she hud to tell to tho police and
her mother, Mrs. ifvsleo, Tai-kett, th'
stor of the attack of Warren on hur
und her mental auiTnrlng when, thu
older man Insisted on .maintaining
friendly relations with her nnd her
huiband, who did not ktoyr of War
ren'o guilt until tho shooting.
Stephan, Para .
Mexico, Havana .
Alliincs, Colon .,
. . 12 M:
. . 12 M,
12 M. ;
- BOAT ISSUE;
SAYS HE HEARO
" IS, .JSTONE DENIES PRESIDENT
I taken by British SAID WAR WITH GERMANY
... h h ifii ii ri in tfx isT
Commerce Destroyec Said to
Have Been Taken to the
Island of Trinidad.
Shelled by a French Cruise'-1
and Her Upper Works
HITRNOS AYUF.H. March 2 Pris.n
despatches from Montevideo say a
steamr arriving from Kuropo Inter
cepted near the coast of llrazlt n wlre-
losi mcMsae htatlnir that rtrltlsh
cruisers had captured a .Clcrmau aux
iliary cruiser. 9f report Is .that It Is
thu, raider .Moowe. Another In that jl
la 'thtt'-Gcnriati cmlVer Uoon.
It la suld the captured uarshlp wjm
fallen by tho. JJrltlsjl) Tcruis?r n the
Island of Trinidad.
The American itnamer Kantn liar
barn arrived at Montevideo. Her cap
tain says a French cruiser which put
out from Dakar, on tho west coast of
Africa, t-ncountered a German raider,
name not Riven, and opened fire on
, j her. Under cover of darkness the
dcrnian ship got away. She was dam-
aired on her upper works by the
The Moewe first cams Into promi
nence with the arrival at Hampton
I toads ntvcral weeks ago of the tlrltlsh
, Mcsnishlp Appajn In charg" of a Gor
, man prim crew. She brought word of
a myjitrrloun Gorman commcrcu raider
1 which Was roaming tho 3i-a and had
' capturednd sunk wivrn Dritteh nier-
chantmcn and Admiralty transports,
in addition lo capturing tho Appam.
Despatches from the Canary Islands
late last month reported tli arrival
of tho IJrltlsh steamer Westburn with
a German prise crew on board, said
to be from the Moewe. According to
these reports, the Moewe, continuing
her activities after the capture of the
Appam and the seven other Hrltlah
vessels, between Jan. M and Irsb. 9
sank llvo tlrltlsh steamers off the
coast of Hraill.
A vigorous search for the Moewo
was begun by the Ilrltlsh Admiralty.
The Moewo waa reported to be a
tramp steamship fitted with guns
for praying on commerco of tho
The German oruiser Uoon was a4d
to have escorted the Moewe whon tho
latter cuptured thu Appam. A re
port that tho Hoon had loen captured
by the HrltMi cruiser Drrko off nr
mudu iu publlshml last month, but
subimiuentlv was denied.
Tho Island of Trinidad is one or
the British West Indlen, lying off ths
coast of Venezuela.
ALLIES' SHIPS CHASE
iJattleships Send l;nemy Fleeing
Into Cattaro Harbor, Sa)
Report Prom Corfu.
ATHKNS, Muieh - Allies' war
ships In tho Adriatic pursued an Aus
trian squadron Into Cattaro harbor
Tuesday, according to Corfu de
BANS PROXY WEDDING.
(ilrl I'rotn l'fptual Will llntr lo
llf Mnrrlrtl Ml lli.r tiinlu.
IIOHTON, March I'-MarriiiKB b
proxy dofun t go In ultra-conservative
Hoston. I'retty llttlo Ml Putru, from
1 I'ortugjl, will havo to br married all
l nvr ugalu to her auc'tlimrt who m
! "pjprcfiUMd" at tlm wi'ddlnc by h
STEAMSHIPS DUE TO-DAY.
! Philadelphia, Sen Juan. MA. M,
Lohwnni 3undsrlnJ ,,,,11 A. M,
Senator Gore Tells of Report He
Heard in Course of Warm Debate
on His Resolution Warning
Americans Off Armed Ships.
VOTE LIKELY TO-MORROW;
WILSON REAFFIRMS STAND
WASHINGTON, March 2. The armed ship issue suddenly blazed
up in the Senate to-day -with the most sensational debate of tKe'$slor?i
in tvlijcli Senator tijre. Democrat and author of a resolution to Warn
Americans, off belligerent vessels, repeated what he characterized as a
report that President Wilson had told certain Congress leaders that vyar
between the United States and Germany "might not be undesirable,
and might result in advancing civilization by bringing about the end of
the Luiropcau war by midsummer."
Chairman Stone of the Foreign Relation Committee emphatically
denied that the President ever had expressed any such sentiment in his
hearing and Senator James, another Administration leader, demanded
to know why Senator Gore had not soiiglil to confirm the report from
the President himself.
IN LOYAL TOILS,
WILSON IS I0LD
Editor Haul Mueller of News
paper Delegation, Says Great
Majority Are True.
WASHINGTON, March :. I'uul V.
Mueller of Chicago, I'rcsldent of the
nowly-formed National Association
of German publishers, and odltor of
the Chicago Ahondpost. told I 'real
dent Wilson to-day ho believed the
great majority of German-Americans
weru loyal to the United Htatea. He
was accompanied by State Henator
Keller of Illinois.
-Mr. Mueller said he did not call
upon tho President as the represen
tative of the Publishers' Association,
which, ho said, was commercial In
character, and had nothing to do
The Preldent teld Mr. Mueller he
frit confident Gerniun-Atnerlcans, In
common with other Americans of
foreign birth, were loyal to tho coun
try of their adoption.
Mr. Mueller doclared there was ab
solutely no political algnlllcance In
his call to the White House, that he
was supporting: the President and had
been a Democrat for many years.
Mr. Mueller said tho German pub.
Ushers' association was attempting to
arrange for a news service out of
Washington for German-American
BILL FAVORS CRITICS.
.rinll Mraaure lilt I imrt of
iivnl llrcrrr unliiat Thrni.
ALUANY, March I. Assemblyman
Gotdstetn. of Now York, presented u
bill In the House to-day designed to
prevent thcatro owners from refusing
admission to dramatic critics whose
writings they doom objectionable.
The fourt of Appeals recently do
cided that managers have the right to
cloili Ciolr door.1 Against idtics who
w;Uv In tut minutr sULud
Senator Gore responded that ho had
hoped tlio report waa un'ruf. tnnt h
hud ifi'atcii it only as oni' nurround
rd by circumstances which gave It
ciedcncu in his. opinion, but that he
was glud to henr It denied.
The storm broke In tho Senate un
expectedly when Senator Htonc, an
nounelng that he was not In accord
with the President's demand for n
defeat of the armed ship resolutions,
proponed a moans to let fthe Gore
resolution coino to a vote, and Hena
tor James announced that tho admin
istration forces had the votes to de.
Senator Williams of Mississippi
spoko vigorously In support of thu
President, ns did Senator Lodge, the
ranking Republican of tho Foreign
Relations Committee. The debatt
ended without action and the Senate
passed to other business with tbe
prospect of taking up the Gore reso
lution at an early hour to-morrow,
Whllo the Senate was 1n stormy de
bato the Houso remained obdurate
against considering the McLenior
resolution as desired by the President,
A meeting of the Foreign Affairs
Committee wan called this aiternoon.
with final notion possible then.
The President delivered an ultima
turn during the day to Congressional
leaders that ho would tnatst upon n
record votn nnd let tt b known tlist
no compromise -would be actepted. He
told this early In the day to Chair,
man Flood of the House Foreign Af
fairs Committee. Mr. Flood said later
tliat a resolution whtoh tho oonunlttec
would draft this afternoon would
probably be nooeptaWe to the Presi
dent. STONE 8AY8 HE IS NOT IN AC
CORD WITH PRESIDENT. j
The President asked RepubHeatt
leader Mann to discuss tbe armed
ships Issue with him at the 'Whits
House late this afternoon.
Tho conference aroused much dis
cussion over whother the AdmlrdstraT
Hon forces had lost some ground in
the House which they hoped to over
come with Republican vote, or
whether the President, conslderln
the qpontton entirely a non-partisan
one, wanted to Inform the leaders on
all sides. The latter view was pre
dominant. In suggesting that the Senate be
taken out of recess, in which it had