Newspaper Page Text
THURSDAY, MAY 16, 1918
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THURSDAY, MAY 16, 1918
N. Y. State Barge Canal,
Which Cost $155,000,000,
Greatest War Achievement
D PlW Clinton' -Big Ditch." Old Erie Canal. Dwarfed ait
Engineering Feat by Sen Syntim of Waterway With
Total Mileage Of I U Mild and .7 Concrete
Lock. Each M Feet Long.
By Robot Wellei Ritchie
THE Statt Da rife Canal was opened to trnfflc yesterday. Ilehtnd this '
simple sta tcmeti t f a But accomplished, an achievement com- I
pletcd, UM average mun In the street sees no great liltflOMnt '
For yeers he has glimpsed I. .i!..m In tin papers about tho Uarga ( anal
being In f hl ami that proem of Legislative discussion nr engineering
trmnwl tion . lint he tin passed t hpm- headlines by. Htorlea about tho State I
Barge Canal cam to he old "tuff wiih him.
Listen. Mr. Man-ln-thc-Street : Thin State Ilarge Canal la jour canal
It built with your money. It will bring money to your pocket, Indl
rertly but aurely. More than all that, this State Barge Canal la the great- !
est war arhleveriK nt any single State In the Cnlon haa brought to a ue-
cestful conclusion since Unci Sam MM up Lis aleevet aud got Into the
trouble over yonder.
Through It a flood of coal will
tome from the Wctt -coal which GlMtl project through tho Legislature,
we field up on clogged railroad I an u wora actually conunen ea In
-V , .. mmm hlwuJ Ih - - - ..,! I lNlT. The .l.itlvhtv rtl.l fill ,
Major Gen. March's Three Daughters All War Brides
WHEN MISS JOSEPHINE MARCH. YOUNGEST DAUGHTER OF THE CHIEF OF STAFF OF THE
I S ARMY, IS MARRIED THIS MONTH, ALE THREE (URLS WILL HAVE MARRIED
SOLDIERS WITHIN SIX MONTHS.
Lena?- V jSiSt
while you rlilvered In your ar tli
apartments last winter. Through H
wheat and other grains for our
Mlvea und the hoya In France and
the Allien will eome by an all-water
route from the Middle Weat. In
abort, a tremendous burden will be
lifted off the ihouldera of the over
worked rallroada by the completion
Cf t. I, ribbon of wn'.er from lluffalo
to the 11 i .hi River.
Juki what U tfte llarge Canal?
It In an Inland waterway system
of four branches which, like any
wall regulated rallroaj aystom, tap
centres of production and ceutrea ef
distribution and does thn work of a
carrier. Theae are the four
branches: The old Erla Canal,
widened and remodelled and runnlna
aeroat the State from Waterford. on
the Hudaon Klver, to Tonawanda,
where the N'lagara River Is entered ",,)n the line have Jacked the total
and followed to Lake Erie and
theuce by a short run to Buffalo ;
tho Champlaln branch running
northward along the State's eastern
boundary from Waterford to White
ball on the southern end of Lake
Champlaln; the Oswego branch from
the old Erie taual north of Syra
cuse aud carrying to Oswego on
Lake Ontario, and the Cayuga-Sen
eca Canal leaving the Erie weat of
Oswego Junction and travelling
southward to the two large lakes
wbloh give It a name.
The Erie, or main atom of the
new syrtem, is 339 miles long; the
Champlaln branch, 61; the Oowego
division. 23, and the Cayuga-Seneca
offshoot ala 23 miles. The toUl
mileage of thla waterway ayatem '.a
M miles. In dlmenalona tho canal
arlee according to locality. At all
places It has a minimum depth of 12
fee. In earth sections of Its terri
tory It haa a mailmum width of
feot, which narrows to V4 feet In
out through rook. In the beds and
lake through which It passes Ita
dredged channel la WO feet wide
fifty-seven locks, all of concrete
gold operad-d by taetrleMjr, are dis
persed through Its devious ramlflea
tlotiH. The lock gates are massive
teel doors, hWlnFlng on pivots and
wil. .- an hlrh as 200,000 pounds
aeh. The Harae Canul locks are
none lee than 32H feet long and 4b
feet wide. They will lift slmultane
oosly six barges from one water
Jkrre! to iinnt'.i r
The mot notable of these loeVa
are ai Waterforl, near Troy. There
u oomblned lift of 169 feet constl
tutea the greatest serlna of locks
In the world aside from those of
the l'unama Canal Each lock wan
Installed at an expense of a quarter
of a million to! tars. The lock it
LKtle Falls exceed-, In lift any of
the Panu-na Canal. Forty and :i
halfcfi'et heparate Its levels.
1817. The louahtv old Governor .
Ihed to see his ptt completed In '
1H23, It was nowhere more than '
four feet deep and forty-two feet
aide, but It was considered a marvol
Tl.en. after a few years of Imsy 1
traffic on the anal, the rallroai'.a
hajU to be built, and before an
other quarter century had passed
they put the old Erie out of buM
ness exnit for the moi-t desultory
freighting. The canal fell'nmre aud1
more into disuse.
In 1903 by referendum rote the
State of Now York decided to en- i
large atid inodemlie the old Erie. ,
and the people authorised an ex- ,
pendlturo of $101,000,000 for this;
purpose. From that dato amend
ments to tne original scheme of am-'
llflcatlon and Improvements all
ost of completing the Marge Canal
up to close onto f 15.',,000.000.
There have been legislative Inqui
ries and professional ye.ll from poli
ticians and charges and counter
charges, but the work haa been car
ried through willy nllly. until to-j
day the Empire State has the finest '
system of waterways of any In I
Amerl'-s, and second only to those '
of Great Itrltaln and China, reluc
tant as we may be to concede to the
Chinese any superiority.
A oycle in the method of making
waterways haa been completed with
this finished work.
How far does the Barge Canal ad
vance u in winning the war?
The canal will accommodate
bargea of 1.000 t 2,000 tons, opera
ting under their own power no
towing as In the rase of the old
Erie. The canal system has been
designed to accommodate a seasonal
traffic of 10.000,000 tons. The season
v'i ' . J
" 1 A: 1
MRS. JOHN M1LLIKLN, ne
Mildred March, eldest daughter
of Major Cen. Peyton C. March,
Chief of .Stall of the United
States Army. Capt Milliken is
with the American Expedition
will be nine months. Inatmiri
seven, as of yore. Ice 'breakers will
keep navigation open In all winter
months ex ept the most severe.
Consider 10.noo.000 tons o-f car
riers lifting that much work off the
shoulders of the railroads and you
will see how the new Harge Canal
will speed us up Id the complex
prolihmi of war traffic And the area
to lie affected embraces most of the
northeastern quarter of the Cnlted
States. Hovonty-tive per cent of the
State's population live beside its
waterway anl will bo affected dl
reetly by the operation of our new
wuter lane from the lakes to the
Big Denver Organ
a Whole Orchestra.
HI of tha greatest pipe ergons
in tMe country Ima Just b.-eji
installed In ih. i in sfM A ii.ll-
'ortum nt a cost to the city of $11,000
.:t' S S' .sTasai assm
f ---... -t
Cave Men Best Husbands;
Are Easiest to Manage
And Tamed Like Bears
4 Kindergarten Ta$k to Domesticate Him- J nut Feed Him
Flattery-But Even in Lore-Making HI Method 06
nolete and He Belongs in Only One Place the
Museum of Natural History.
By Nixola Greeley-Smith
TWE husband of a New York clubwoman who has gone West to seek
a dlvorco declares that If he had been a Cave Man Instead of an
eager collaborator In his wife's ambitions and career ha would
not be ceiled upon now to face domestic bankruptcy.
Reading this announcement. I coud not help think
ing of an afternoon years ago. when the present divorce
seeker complained to me that the Now York papers did
not take women's club; seriously enough.
"I think I will name u committee," alio said, "to go
down to see all your editors an,d usk them to tako us
The husband who now regrets he Is not a Cavo Man
Interposed: "The papers will take you seriously when
ever you do something serious. Why don't you try It?"
My owu secret thoughts echoed him; but even . n.
I trembled for bis future. What woman would not choose a Cavo Man'g
rantlngs and exactions rather than cool, detached criticism?
Women do prefer Cave Men,
.-A t - i -
be sure, because Cave Men make by
far the best husbands. For one
thing, they are so easy to manage.
Consider the Cave Man character
Istlcs. What are they?
A childlike desire for mastery and
an egregious vanity.
The woman who wants to do
mesticate a Cave Man, who would
set Samson happily to grinding
corn for her, faces only a kinder
garten task. 8ho has merely to con
cede his superiority and put him to
work. If she tells blra every little
"Let her gad about madly at every
ball and public assembly?"
"And the beaux will visit at your
"And your wife will listen to their
"And you will look on at these
gallant visitors with a show of In
difference?" "Of course."
1 do not know of any modern play
while how big and brave and strong i ln wllcn husband's attitude of tol-
MRS. PAUL RUSSELL FRANK,
second daughter of Major Gen.
March. Her husband is a Cap.
tain in the United State, Army.
MISS JOSEPHINE MARCH.
She is to be married some time)
this month to Major Joseph M.
Swing, aide to Cen. March.
Shall Polysyllabic Birds Rule the Earth?
It's a Tough Question, but the Answer la Buy Thrift Stamps Lash Yourself
to a Raft of Them, for If You Don't, You One-Syllable Smiths, Drowns and
Greens Will Have No More Show Against the ion Hindenburgs, Coofen
heimmers and Mackensenzapps Than a Cream Puff Has Against a Pas
try nouna Buy tm .Sow, for It's No Use Whistling for a Dead Dog.
One of the unique engineering i, " T' t'!,"t th" c" ot K-M
features of the canal system-them- drJ organ ,,0 ,7.1''' ' T"""
, . . ' j an'' a wni.;ioiiy oixheatru
salve a triumph In the crart of hr- The largest of Its Pp fctwVetorU.
drcetaties are the movable isMU I ntgn, frty inofass square and weighs
which retain the waters of the Mo- 1,::'0 pounds. Tim smallest weighs
hawk liner und CM be raised and "'tire (l,i yui tl
. 1 t.t n ..
lowereu to gotrti tlii- deptu of m i npu.ir Me.litini.a
i lie tciiiimriit ure
water in thst portion of the river
which forms part of the canal
What la the hUtory of the llarg-
Canal and what has It cost?
f the six cliaiu-
mot u -iiicii uio main organ
..man. is Kept uniform by til
I. enters. Abiun thm ..ni,,- i.
(CliO om.lli ulii.-h m
I n'ur auia or
TTiere v.m are rolni: back Into th vni-tiuinii.. i..
. - , fva .. .iitmg or nn, t j,r
history of the State and of a youn, u"1 number. Tin. Instrument la
Nation. operated by alectrieltr, rsquiring
When De Witt Hlnton. an astu'.- ll00 Weotlgw gad J'O n il, .,,
politicians of the Revolutionary period A """"I Is ftttaoaed to
and a man of wide vision, was If!? ,h m;'' " lowered
(Joremor of New York he advocated "ZT" l?. ta U"
,h. bunding of what hU sowing
enemtea denominated "the tig An organist hag bag employed
ditch." This wae to carry from who will give fre noon hour concert
lke Erie to the Hudson River. lie during tha week, us well as on Hun
member, there were no railroads In der. Iwsldee wMcn the organ will tie
those days, and canals had long been u'''1 w,,h ho municipal olmrua of
demonstrated the moat practicable 1,000 vulc'', "lal Programmes. In
form of transportation. pl" 7 th" " nt Instru-
ev. niktog jammed hit Erie IiJ!1" reaucl M
- as, ejniS iej ' n
BY ARTHUR "BUGS") BAER
T CViterlKtit 1U1S t ( V.. N ,1,1.1b, , j Sgs Nw Va,k ..i.lt.f W .. 1 ,
he nut who bunged blmaelf in. thn skuUpteos with ham mat b
cuuv.j It felt so good when i... stoppd liusn't any mart chanoe of
absorbing the. Nobel pen,,, nilze then the ludy Who tewi luittona
on her huioand'a eocks. Tho bird who sinks bis concrete-nlle.i brogans
at the mouth of the aisle pfcaaael and blin ks up the rest Of the summer
car seata la an end seat hog mid is as Uablo to tar and feathers M tbe lob
who thinks HluwaUia la still u Pm-ular a'.r. The gamm who Imaginai
that cloth top shoos and eight-belted costs ate metropolitan -tuff ta sg
much of a goof us the supp who pughog a rev iving dour ugulnst tho
It takes all kinds of things to make a wor.d, und we must take our
pain with our pleasure, us the monkey h:1l, whin ha V'h-. i ;,.
pine. Tin- kewple who s;ien tn his career trying to llmir out which Is
the front end of a ferryboat Is Just us big a blck gg the .... I wl I C irriSI
a parcel by the string. They .ire g u r.mg, like a guy who preggeg tho
wrong levee In a telephone booth and turnn on the shower bath
There ure lota of other w. ag , it.., ns in this .ile of short clmnglng
and other sorrows, ouch as two fool yardsticks, KlriifTes with sore nookg
and gents who haven't collected u full crew of Thrift Itampi,
A Thrift Stomp Is a poultice publish. ,1 t take .ill the ll Rain motion
out of thi twin hemisphere ,.f goose-stepping and Wllhemo ra t if
you haven t lashed yuutself to , r ift of Thrift St. mips. ,iU a,,. bilking
yourself. And tho man who bilks blmaelf t. the got of fatheads, nuy
Thrift Ktampo while you have Hit ehnnce now, .... t . . . .. .,, u, f
whistling for a dead dog. Huj Thr.ft Htampt now. Donl wall until thn
war Is SUrOsV The only wuy to cure the w.ir Is to flvt it Thrlfl Htamp
ptlla It dotsn't m-tter whether y(,u buy 'em hotesalt or in h ..., opathlo
dosea. Everybody who buys o.-timp Is g doctor, And the ten tho
hat both Liberty bonds and Thrift Ktumpa It St)l Uod to h Vt hit mgll
addressed to Ueorge Cltlren. U R and T. 8, If you alrtadj havi 1 H
on your ah;ngle. take a post graduatl course in pgtrli ttsm .... jja tne
T. B. degree to your title.
Have you almod an eye at the mechanism ,,f the Kg hi lyndlogti
of gorillas? There Isn't a one oyllablo bird In ths bune v. u
let into that Potsdam firm unless you have a double j , ,, ,'ht
you couldn't fold up so It wou'.d go under the Brooklyn Bridge lldewwi
There Is von Hlndsnburg, Ooefnhetmmer, WgHOnbullOAff, Maektnttn
tapp. Dlnglsglffsr. Ba-looga:-. '. W.snywurst.r and a million other four!
Prnged names. You can't horn into that close corporation In Berlin
unless you are togged to an clastic name Uutt sounds like a hofbruu
surf breaking on a .Imhurger roef.
What nhgnct will tho Jsmtths and KJones have If we don't smear
that outllt flatter than in anutmlc potato fritter? What chance will
tin, Zbruwns und the Itgreens have If the Kaltcr gets a chanco to dish
out thn plunder? No more chance than a cream pui. has aguinst a
pastry hound. You have got to have four syllables In your name to
Jagl around with that bunch of long distance telephone warrlora.
It'n thn one-syllable blrda against the multiple eyllable yeggs. It's
a tough question. Hut the answer Is u Thrift Stamp.
Aerial Trolleys Scale Alpine Peaks on
OTJKTAIN hnes are best defend
ed by guns n the heights coin-
mandlng the main passes. ut
these batte: u s may be silenced by
artillery mounted on higher elevations
So the struggle ul,,ig the Austro
: ... i. n fmnt has been to i . n . tho
very aky-Hne, tho topmost peaks, and
this tho Italians have done, thereby
SstUng a recmd for Alplno warfare
never before approached. Hy means
if tho "teleferica." an aer'.ul trolley In
which aniall cars are suspended from
he It and bow she marvels that he
ovor found anything to Interest him
In her puny little self, she can sit
In a corner and sew a flno seam for
tho rest of her days.
If you have ever seen a trained
bear vaudeville art you have mar
velled at the willingness of the lit
tle bears to climb up on the kegs
they have Just been rolling, face the
audience and drink out of bottles
until their trainer tells them to get
The reason the bears hold the
pose so well Is that each bottle con
tains a small quantity of syrup,
which trickles Into their mouths
very slowly, and the bears do not
get down until the syrup Is all
Substituting flattery for syrup,
tho method of training Cave Men la
Identical with that of training bears.
There Is no woman so dull that
she cannot tame the wildest Cave
Man. It does not make any dif
ference whether she spends her life
eranre and confidence Is so well Il
lustrated aa In thla classic comedy
of tho seventeenth century.
And. In thn play at leust. only
good results follow Its application.
Certainly more wives aru held by
a policy of indulgence than by Cave
The hour of the Cave Man la so
brief. Who can take a bald Cave
Man seriously? Who can even pre
tend to he Impressed by a Cave Man
with a gold tooth?
It la seldom that the man who
looks tho part will consent to play
a Cave Man role. Ills sense of
humor preserves him from It. And
as a rule, the man who likes him
self In the role of primordial brute
would be rejected for army service.
Some women really like him for
himself us well as because he la
easy to manage. Thoso who are
mentally and physically lazy pre
fer to have everything decided for
them to think second hand thoughts
and hold hand-me-down opinions.
being taught to swim or having the Others possessed by the devil of
war explained to her. though of I COOtTndtotlan enjoy the sport of
if .ha rhno.e. . Pave Man halting a poor, hard-working Cavt
who holds his classes out of doors
she will get more fresh air and have
a better complexion.
I have Been Just three perfect
Cave Men ln twenty years. As long
Man. Still others llko blra, because
he needs neither reason nor right
to alter his mind, but merely flat
tery. Hut I do not believe there is any
lfifil, when Mollcro produced ! woman who has not In her secret
"The School for Huabands." the
rave Man type was ridiculed and
an Ideal described who bears a
striking llkeneas to the American
husband of 1917.
"If you marry her she may de
mand the sumo freedom she en
Joyed as a girl," eays the Cave Man
of the piece.
"Certainly." replies Arlste, the
model husband of IM1
"You will let her have patches
heart u contempt for the Cave Man.
Even. In love-making. Cave Man
methods arn obsolete. The first
time I ever saw or heard of them
was at tho age of seven, when I was
taken to see Ada Itehan in "The
Taming of thn Shrew." K?0fl thun
I remember thinking that Katharine
must have been u pretty tame uhrow
from the beginning to be taken In
by Petruoblo'g bullying swaggor.
In tho civilization of to-day the
Cave Man belongs ln only ono pluct
i tho Museum of Natural HiJtory.
Beauty of Jewels Restored by "Gem Doctors
s'tago til ing by motor to the Ijwar sta
tion of a toloftriok, At tho upper end
is g mule-power, nan -n . rail
way, which Is followed by a succession
of teltftrieag and a dog-sled Journey
before thO I'eak la reached. These ca
bles sway dangerously In a high wind,
OOieUmta bringing two passing cars
together w II h a crash.
In the fall of HUH a tiody of Italians!
was feverishly at work on a gun em
placement far up a mountainside
Suddenly they wore Interrupted by a
cables, men, guns, ammunition and I storm of bullets. The Austrian bad
van mules have been carried to po- drugged a machine gun to the summit
sltlons 10,000 to 11,000 feet above sea ' Of a apilntered pinnacle. 3.00.) feet
level. above them Tho situation was crlt-
The telofertea which climbs to the leal, for tho work must gi on. An
H.OnO-foot snimtnlt of the I'aaublo Is ' officer recslled that at one point on
between three and four miles long, j tho teleferica the car camo ln sight
w rites 1iwls It. Freeman In Popular j of the enemy's position. A machine
Mechanics, probably the longeat on , gun was mounted In llie swaying
the Italian front Motor ind pack ! basket, camouflaged with a tarpaulin,
animals carry supplies as far aa roads and sent away. At the proper point
cen be made, then the air line must j tnn cable was stopped, the Austrlans
te followed. The Journey to the tie- wlt'i out. and before they could do
. - , " I more rtamaga ths big gun was In
cler at the NMll of the AdgMOUO aeoltlOO to srnvwtr tut T pinnacle with
is orei a rsmarkaUt rout, tbt first I high wplos'.i ,,
W3MKN fortunate enough to pos
sess preoloua stones should
weur th Keuia frOOUt '
und not permit them to deterloi t
through long disuse, according to jew
elry experts. All Jewels, especially
pearls. Boom tC be Injured if kept too
Umg In darkness. It hat alao be n
a- ,wn that there upparuntly Is some
leal basis fur tht old tuperstltlon
t' at genu suffer when their ow: i
are 111) 10 which hot been coup'.. I
the belief that they foretoU dJiaster.
Their beauty Is said to have been
nften restored when worn by a per
son In good health, which goeouilts
for tho reputation some persons hae
gained as successful "doctors'' of gjck
Turquoises quickly lose their bright
ness when the wearer is In bad physi
cal condition, arid ono London woman
has built up a ' -lnrs:' by restoring
their lustrs, her patrons believing
IIjU she possesses some peculiar
quality which rodoubles the beauty
of these stones
Jewellers say that pearls :nsy be
affected by tba dyt ln the lining of a
Jewel caae. If shut up too long, hut
that their beauty will return If worn
tot a Unit ot' tg tgg body A Iwag
l,nth in geg water often has tho same
effect. Some years air.. It wan re.
ported that the pe itl In a celebrated
neoklact of If mt, Thiert in tht
Louvre wcro brlnlilng In size and
turning blX)k A sapphire, which. It
nut once believed, would change to a
deep violet tint If tha lady wearing
It had not been true to her lover, Is In
the Houtb Kr.ntlnn-ton Museum In
There are many etorlea of ruh t
which, by changing color, foittoid ths
death of some one near and dear te
thu wearer, and red coral was ones
supposed to grow pale when thp
owr.i wiis stiout to be seriously ,',
Many M II have u superstitious foci-
mg gboul opolg,
A thorough cleaning or a btttti
setting will improvo the pp..,ranc.
of Jeae!-. Their color brighten, 01
dlmlnlattpg according tu tin! light in
which they are shown, and Ihey' may
be affected by uckls, but there n.,,
no doubt that some ptrtoni have 4
quality which brings out tho rt , ,
and dtcpest colon, of precious stents
From these ore rtcru tod to gej
doctora." who are egeij ,,, f.,).1
to time , rettori I he ju'i ur tm