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5 ! : THE ITVENTNQ WOULD, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 26, 101. ' - ...... ...T , TT t t, " fv-,Mi. Nix. 63 to 03 I'c Uow. NW Ytrt. tmjiT5CIi. Prealdtnt. 83 r.rk How.. jTaNOUS 81IAW. TniTff. C3 rrk How. J , MZMBOB Or TBS ABBOCLktMD HOBS. B If HI1 rm l axdulTClr aaUttod to U ft HibUe ftfl tt iu nn aaimrtw tndlud uueoot vomit tntitti U Ul Xmem Md Un ! looil tm rtM"i bma. EQUALLY HEARTLESS, rDICTMENTS are being prepared, it is announced, for the trial of the former German Emperor. He Is to be haled into court, it is alleged, to account for bis high crimes and misdemeanors which, summed op, niean his heartless and inhuman conduct in plung ing the world into war. A WELL-TRAINED CONGRESS. THE general approval which has greeted the Presi dent's proclamation setting March 1 as the date for returning the railroads to their private owners is no sign the public desired to sec the period of Federal control extended. On the contrary, there lias been, and is still, a strong feeling that the sooner the Federal Government divests itself of the extraordinary powers it assumed over private industry for war purposes, notably in the case of the railroads, the better it will be for the country not alone economically but as a relief from an un wonted exercise of centralized authority, under which the American spirit, has become more and more restive. What is recognized in the President's proclamation is the wisdom of postponing a step for which Congress lias failed to complete the necessary preparations. To Dirty Business! CrfiirUM. 1010. tit Tt I'rwn I'nMMilut Co. (Tiie Saw York Etenluf WorM.) By J. H. Cassel No court that an be constituted can measure his return the railroads before the Esch bill and the Cum- piffl. No sentence that an be given will sufficiently U1" cvc" u,e,r in P0"115 01 uwicrence punish him for his gigantic sin against Hie universe, Yet, with the close of actual hostilities, the suffer &js of many peoples are greater than when war was bdng waged. Starvation, cruel cold, wrecked Industry ironed out in conference would liave been a clumsily precipitate act, certain to result in trouble and confusion. If the railroads cannot be turned over fn their pri vate owners Jan. i, as the country had hoped, the t-l 1 y- It ii 1 it and all the consequences of war are bearing their fell D" congress, ah we grcaicr is me re fruit, chiefly because there is yet no world peace, no sensibility of Congress for agreeing on the needed safeguard that the crimes of William Hohenzoiiern I railroad legislation within a time limit wliich the Presn may not soon be repeated by others. dent nas now dennitejy t,xed. Responsibility for this rests, and will continue toi r more than a year the return of the railroads rest, upon the shoulders of Henry Cabot Lodge and his clcf rl scc" to be one of the great and urgent prob- foltnu mrftne whn itttUt nnnn Woek nir he Paths Of, """" ul '"u,u,,uw,u"' tl - 'tur"c peace and prolonging the miseries of mankind. Before what court will they be haled? What pun ishment can adequately deal with their iniquity? DOES IT WORK BOTH WAYS? BY all means let there be an inquiry to determine whether the police overstepped the line of duty in their treatment of persons who "walked" up Fifth Ave nue yesterday bearing placards urging the release of prisoners sentenced for the part they played in anti ,war plots. While the inquiry is going on maybe somebody will say a kind word for the example set by Major Lorillard Spencer who, when he met the marchers near the Wal dorf, stopped, and in an orderly, quiet and persuasive manner tried to tell them how much better service they could be doing the cause of Americanism by zeal exercised in other directions. Or was this also cruel and oppressive treatment? When propagandists of certain types demonstrate in the open streets should all counter-demonstration be suppressed? And does the rule work bolh ways? States waited in vain for their national Legislature to deal with it. What will history have to say of the Sixty-sixth Congress and its services during the most critical period through which the Nation has passed? Only this: The Sixty-sixth Congress was indif ferent for the most part to peace and the problems of peace. The Senate used the peace treaty for a counter in a day and night game of party politics. The House twiddled its thumbs and waited for the Senate. Public opinion counted for nothing. The one power that could sway the Sixty-sixth Congress at will was the power of the Prohibition lobby. Prohibition' long since decreed that peace, the rail roads, anything that is not Prohibition, are minor issues in American legislation. The Sixty-sixth Congress has been a credit to its trainers. One phase of a colossal gift. ONE fealure worthy of special attention in connec tion with John D. Rockefeller's enormous Christ mas gifts is the form of the contribution to the General Education Board. When wealthy men have given large sums for public purposes it usually has been by creating endowment funds, from which only the in come might be used. This has been the case with Mr. Rockefeller's previous gifts to the Education Board. In this instance both principal and income may be ltsed "as promptly and as largely as may seem wise" to increase salaries of the teaching staff of colleges and universities. The result must be that eventually even so huge a sum will be exhausted. The present effort is a temporary one, to meet an emergency. A very real emergency it is. Mr. Rockefeller must have faith that eventually public opinion will come to a realizing sense of the obligation to offer a fair reward for the tre mendously important service rendered by trained in 'Stnictors. Meantime, Mr. Rockefeller hopes to prevent a break in the supply by offering inducements to keep trained instructors in the class rooms and to encourage young .people to prepare as teadiers. At the same time, this gift should drive home the need for more pay, more teachers and better prepared teachers in the secondary schools for which the Rocke 1 feller Board does not make provision. At present the teaching ranks are depleted and the quality seriously impaired, because the funds are not available to enable school officials to bid against business men for the ser vices of the most capable young people who might render the greatest service as teachers. It behooves the school district, the State and, if necessary, the Nation, to provide funds for secondary schools. The supply of public school teachers must be maintained by the promise of fair pay. In the last analysis the stability and success of democracy must rest primarily on the intelligence of the people in the democracy; that is, on the ability of the school teacher, FIGURES SEEM TO FIB. A WAGE increase of $$ a week to Chicago garment workers to be followed by a raise of $2.50 in the price of suits is reported. "There Is no chance for a drop In prices until labor realizes tho necessity for giving the manufacturer a fair day's work for a fair day's pay. Where a workman formerly produced bLx gannenU n day ho is now producing three." The quotation is from an explanation by M. Tobias, an official of the Chicago Cloak and Suit Manufac turers' Association. Let's call the class in mental arithmetic. Assume that a workman produces only three gar ments a day. That is eighteen in a week. Allow coat, vest and trousers, three garments, in each suit. Then a orkman produces six suits a week. Dividing 55 by six, the mental arithmetic quotient ia 83 and a fraction cents, not $2.5o. Then, wiiy the triple increase? Perhaps our mental arithmetic is wrong, but the results check on the adding machine in the business office. Will some one be so kind as to point out the error n tills seemingly simple computation? THE RECKONING BEGINS. TEN' years in jail, fifteen years' exile and a fine of 10,000,000 francs is the sentence imposed by an Allied court martial 011 a German steel magnate charged with having ordered the systematic pillage ot factories in eastern France. This conviction, the first of its kind, is a reminder of how to the destructiveness of warfare itself was added a cold and calculating determination on the part of German economic interests to ruin industrial France for German advantage. This German steel king was able to gain nothing by his plea that the German Government ordered him to do what he did. He and his brothers were shown to have deliberately wrcckea and plundered a big section of the French metal in dustry. ine same economic pillage, tne same seizure am! transfer to Germany of material and machinery went on in Belgium, where workers also were seized and shipped to Germany. (wowcomes the reckoning. AT BROADWAY AND 42D STREET. ROADWAY and 42d Street is a wonderful comer. All the world's a stage, and tradition has it that every player, no matter how obscure his part, at least once during his participation in the play passes this crossway, where the spotlight always shines. Here a utient watcher can meet any one whom he may desire 0 see, if lie will but wait long enough. To this tradition we may add that anything may lapnen in the course of the vigil. It is with the stage that this comer is most intimately associated, but im agine, if you can, the reception of a melodrama in which the villains attempted to make their get-away by climbing down the front of the Hotel Knickerbocker, Before last Tuesday such a development of the plot would have been hooted from the stage, unless it lad appeared in a farce. Inconceivable! Yet to morrow we may see it used by a playwright in search of the bizarre, it is good material for a Broadway revue. In truth, it is stranger than fiction; it out-raffles taffies; it surpasses the imagination as only the truth may. Again, just vocalize the names of the villains, Aunano Alvarez. Kaymonu Kounguez. surely no playwright would dare expose his plot by bestowing such smoothly alliterative names on his characters, stamping them before ever the curtain rose. Only in real life would the ubiquitous hotel clerk fail to recog nize the peril of entertaining guests so melodramatically inscribed on the register. Truly the daring enterprise at the Knickerbockei was a most amazing occurrence. It dwarfed the thes- pian villainies in the neighboring theatres. The re porters had the advantage of the playwright and New York knows now that anything may happen at Uroadway and 42d Street. One more scene has been enacted in the spotlight. The native guide has one more anecdote with wliich to entertain his tourist friend. 'The yarn of the Spanisl Buccaneers will be told for generations, even tliougt the tourists who do not know that anything may hap pen at Broadway and 42d Street may be sceptical con cerning the veracity of their guides who point out the exact scene of the climax. I FROM EVENING WORLD READERS From a Driver. T (fa YkUtot of th. Kirodna Worll: Just a few words in regard to the various letters in to-night's Evening world regarding tho horse. I am a driver of onu of tho finest niarca in the city, and tuko as much enro of her as I do of myself. I never havo a whip and I always blanket her weU, but as to her slipping and falling', I cannot prevent that. No matter how good a horso's shoca may be, they wear down very quickly. As to non slip shoes, there aro no such shoes made. If some one could invent them they could make a fortune. If my employer fulled to buy them I would, out of my own pocket. Such is my feeling for my horse. Mr. James D. Holmes says 10 cents worth of burlap on tho front feet is good. I will try it and hopo to bene fit by his advice. Mr. P. J- Murphy says horses aro underfed. That is up to tho boarding stable proprietor, not tho boss carmen. M. T. S. says to got the shoes sharpened. There is no such thing as getting shoes sharp enod. When shoes get so they will not give tho horso a hold on tho Ice, there Ih only one thing, new shoes. I can readily see that your readers havo had no driving experience or they would know better. If you want somo ready and experienced rela tions about tho horse, ask a driver for his opinion, but bo sure and pick out a driver, as all men handling horses to-day are not real drlvors. Homo of them should not bo allowed to drive, a nail. I admit thero aro a few who take all tho troubles and mistakes out of tho horso by abusing him. I havo a good ono and good ones are hard to get, so I tako caie of her and nho takes caro of me by nuver quitting except to get her wind. A. DIUVBU. Xcw York, Dec. 22. Liitri llorm-n unci Cnt. To tho MliUr ot Urn Hirulu Workl: Ixioklng through tho letters of your column I certainly was happy to read that thuro aro still bomo peoplo who have a llltlo feeling left ifor tho dumb animal, tho horse, which scorns to bo tho most abused of all. Ho Is often ut tho mercy of an Ignorant nnd cruel driver, who ofton handles him as if ho were sonic kind of machinery, pulling nl his bit until his mouth is soro and blistered. It is ospeclully pitiful to sew the cab horses near tho railroad HtatloiiH standing In ono spot for llvo to six hours at a time, shiver lug with tho cold nnd very often un covnred, poorly fed, looking cmucl ated. 1 live mar tho Pennsylvania Station. I often pass there with my little girl, and although fcho is only seven years old sho is on tho lookout for cab horses which uro standing un covered and she pulls mo toward the driver and then we won't go away until he covers tho horse. May 1 also put In a word for tho stray cat? How is It that so few peoplo have any feeling for a cat7 Yet if treated kindly it is Just as grateful nnd affec tionato ab tho dog. I would osl: the peoplo to save tho scraps from tho table instead of putting them in tho garbago can, and throw the scraps out In tho street at night. They would bo doing a good ucL J. B. West 29th Street. Dec. 22. LIUra l'irrlE Utrla. To ttia liliUjr (jf tho KtnOoz Worll: Joseph Munnlng'B letter to Tho Evening World, published to-day, Is qui to right, and I think that most men who havo served overseas will back him up when he says that tho girls of Kngland and franco arc much nearer tho typo that tho New Work man la looking for than is the Now York girl herself. Over there tho girls aro good pals and 'chums. Tney are homo girls too, und don't want to spend all their lime and all a fellow's money at shows and cabarets. Tho soldiers hriloted n England, tho gobs up at Dunferm line in tho Firth of Forth didn't malto any mistake when they brought back English and Scotch girls as brides. Theso girls aro willing to fight for their men, ana to maKo their homes their lives. They don't want careers; thoy don't want to groJb off somo boy millionaire. They take, a fellow for what ho is, and you don't havo to spenil all your tlmo blulllng them. I wish we had a fow like them in the U. S. A. S. A. M.. Overseas Destroyer Forces, U. 8. N. Yonkers. N. Y-. Dec. 23. Profiteering Exhibit. NO. 3. UNCOMMON SENSE By John Blake (CotttIiM. lilt.) THE RED SEES GREEN. TheL oveStoriesl of Great Novels By Albert Pay. son Tcrliunei CuQ) ! , 1(1 tl. In 'Ih'- l I'. iMlUi Co I ITho -Nrw York 1" i Worldi An Evening World reader submits tho following: "The Sealxiard By-I'roduct Coko Company advertises Hoppers coke nt $9.50 a ton in tho Uronx, Man hattan and Hmoklyn. About two weeks ago I called their otilco in Jersey City and inquired as to how I could get this coko on Statcn Island and ut what price. They referred mo to tho Fayo Coal Company, West Hrlghton, S. 1., and quoted a prico of J3.S5. I called tho Fayo Oonl Company, who said the prlco was right hut they could not supply mo ns a dealer In my town, tlreat Kills, hud that terriior. I recently heard that this local dealer Is ask ing til n ton for this coke, and this morning called up tho Soa board Uy-l'ioduct Coke Company, who Informed mo that 111 was iho right price for their product on Staten Island. Profiteers! New York, Deo. 19. J, F. The Red does not reason. His creed is envy. To him equal opportunity means the same opportunity for idleness nnd vice ns for ability nnd industry. You can see plainly the snow-capped top of n mountain. But you must use your reason to appreciate the laborious wind ing trail, beset with obstacles, that leads to it. "Why can't I have one of those?" sayn the Red, us lie watches an automobile roll pust. All he sees is the automobile. He does not see and he docs not want to see the industry, the effort, perhaps the sacrifice, that enabled the man in the auto mobile to buy it. When James J. Hill was President of the Northern Pacific a young college graduate asked him how to succeed in the rail road business. "Work like h 1 for forty years," said Hill. Anybody could see Hill riding over the road in his private car. But only reasoning beings could see him patiently learning the business, step by step, often in the face of tremendous dis couragement. In the present Congress arc four men who began as rail road laborers. The green-tinged mind of the Red sees in these men lucky accidents. Hut they would still be railroad laborers if they had allowed envy to cloud their vision. This is a land of opportunity. Hut, contrary to the proverb, opportunity docs not knock on every man's door, even once. You may go through life without ever seeing it if you don't go out and limit for it. In Russia the aristocrats owned the laud and enslaved the serfs. Hut this is not Russia. No increase of opportunity would come from overturning a Government which lias been proved the most liberal in the world. Dynamite will not gel the Red what he wants, wliich is .something for nothing. Terrorism will not get it for him. As long as envy and malice rule him he will be as he is, a Rolshevik in nnine and a burglar at heart. There is no room for the Red in America. His propaganda will mnko no headway here. The vast tnnjurity of the people believe in this Government and will support it. A .id day by day, as education progresses and thought awakens, it will be found thnt as a man toils and thinks, so lie will prosper. Avoid envy and jealousy as you would a rattlesnake. If you always see green you are no better than the Red. No. 29 The Hunchback of Noire Dame By Victor Hugo i 3ME11ALDA, tho French gpsy H girl, had no less than four ador I ing lovors. ono of theso was a Captain of tho Guard, a thickheaded, selllsli fellow, who wus tho ono love of her llfo and who regarded his I affair with her ns merely uu everyday adventure. Tho Recond wooer was Claude Frollo, an Important dignitary whom lovo had hitherto passed $y. Frollo was an Intense, hcrmitliko man, who lost head and heart and conscience allko when bo ect eyes on Esmeralda, Tho third lover was ono of th strongest creatures in looks and la naturo tho world has over seen, B was Quasimodo, tho hunchback, a. hanger-on of Frollo's and a sort ot bandy man in tho more menial jobs connected with the caro of Notro Dnmo Cathedral in Paris. Among other duties, to Quasimodo was assigned tho task of ringing the Cathedral's giant bells. For tho reat ' he was tho cringing slave of Frollo, ' who had adopted him in babyhood , and had brought him up to a llfo of drudgery and cruel treatment. Esmeralda's fourth adorer was am Qrlngolro, a down-at-heel poet, who, in a whim of pity, sho married U save him from tho hangman's noose But sho made it very clear at once to tho poet that she had married htm out of pity and not through love, and that ho could expect to havo no pan in her life. Such was tho oddly contrasting quartet of men who, in Paris of 1482, vowed love to tho homeless and vaga bond gypsy lass. And their love brought her nothing but tragedy. For from tho outset sho was doomed. 1 disaster and to bo the plaything ot malignant fate. Quasimodo was so used to havinj peoplo laugh at him and scoff at hli hideous face and misshapen body tha; he seemed Jed to mankind's Jeers ct once, when Ksmcralda chanced tt f pi ak to 111 in In carelessness, hei gentle words and 'smiles smote him ti tho heart. In nl! his miserable lid sho was. tho first person to give bin a friendly word. And under tho in lluenco of it his heart went out to he in eternal worship. Nor was his devotion to expcn Itself in mere words. Like a guardlai angel ho watched over tho girl's tern pestuous fortunes. And presently his chance camo to servo her. Esmeralda, through no sin of her own, incurred tho suspicion of being a witch. It was a day ot blade superstition. Tho slightest and flim siest evidence was all that was needed to fasten a charge of witchcraft to somo innocent woman or girl, espe cially if tho victim was without money and position. Tho gypsy girl was charged with sorcery and was about to bo put to death by tho mob when Quasimodo rushed to her rescue. Spiriting her away from her tor mentors, ho bid her in tho innermost recesses of the Cathedral. There, for tho moment, she was afo bo far w tho mob was concerned. Dut sho wan not safo from Quasimodo's master, Claude Frollo. Frollo, learning of her hiding place, made violent lovo to her. i3ho re pulsed him in disgust. And intu Frollo's dark brain leaped tho craving for revenge on tho woman who had spurned his love. IJy a ruso he enticed tho luckless girl away frcun the sanctuary of tho cathedral and into tho hands of the mob. Then Frollo crouched among ttw gargoyles on one of tho Notro Dame lowers to watch the torturers put her to death in tho square below. Anxl there tho frantic Quasimodo found him. The hunchback, mad with grief at the killing of the woman he adored, caught Fiollo up in his mighty and misshapen arms and hurled him ovei the battlements of the Cathedral down onto the stones of tho squan far beneath. Then tho liunehbuek vanished. Nor was further traco found of him until years later his skeleton was discov ered in a cave. Its bony urma still clasping the .skeleton ot Esmeralda. Quasimodo had crept to this burial place of tho girl he loved, and hud lain down to die at her side. CANNABIS SMOKERS. In Urazil cannabis smoking is bo coming a national menace, according to Dr. T. H. llluir, ot llanlsburg. Pa., who adds tho warning that the vice can readily bo imported to this coun try unless we guard carefully against It. Ho ays tho cannabis smoker nearly always becomes an lmbecilo In tlmo. In an nrtlclo on tho "Relation of Drug Addiction to Industry" in tho Journal ot Industrial Hygiene, Dr. Blair says that business, industry i and industrial physicians must make It their enro to see that tho "Jokers" aro takon out of the narcotic laws and that then those laws aro effec tively enforced. Tim fow duuased physicians "who Infest almost every community and who deliberately keep up addiction through ignorance or cupidity," ho says, must be taken tn hand. In' many ways heroin is tho worst habit-forming drug known, he de clares, nnd adds that Its legitimate application in medicine can be tilled by other drugs. Among Those Present DU .on know tiio young fellow who works for $25 a week and who is wearing a new winlei suit that com $Si? Do you know the wago earner who loafs because he is afraid If he docs too much he'll "work himself out of a Job?" Do you Know tho housowife who la ashamed to be seen with a market basket on her arm or to carry home a brown pupur bundle? Do you know tho inunufiu'tufoi who, when tho price of raw materials and overhead goes up 5 per ctnt. and tho cost of laoor advances an ciiiial amount, adds per cent, to tho price of his goods'.' Do you know tho factory girl work ing for Jib a week who is buying and wearing a ?:150 fur coat? Do you know the mun who lets; a fresh clerk sneer lilm Into buying ., $15 hat for foar he'll seem "cheap" when he can buy a satisfactory erne lor 7? Do you know the shopper ho says "Wrap it up" instead of "How Much?" Do you know tho person who lets tho deslro of the momont destroy the results of days and weeks of thrift and saving? Do you know tho man who thinks It is not necessary to save? Do you know the man who says that the Government savings securi ties, Liberty Honda, War Bavtrura Stamps and Treasury Havings Cer tificate aro too slow or too small or too old fashioned for his Investment.? Morse Dry Dock Dial, w"'