Newspaper Page Text
THE EVENING W,OELD, T'UE 8 DAY AUGUST ,& 11920.. " "
ESTAllMBUKD ITT JOOCPU PUUTZEIl. .
'PnbllthnA Daily nzept Sunday by tne Vrti PublUhlog
Compij' Not. OS to 03 Park how, Nw Turk.
liALrn UTJTSEn, Prtddant, t rrtc now.
J. ANCV8 BUAW. Tnasurtr, at park now,
JOSEPH 1'UUITZEH. Jr.. SHtiUn 03 Park How.
I urucim or Tin amocutzd ruat
tt 1miM Pnw It udulTtU tltll U tat im tot mmblKatlsl
,Bt kD km anMttkM cnU4 UIIrM tfktnrtM U Ula p
M iIm U lul mi subltikf ami.
ONE MORE JOB AT ALBANY.
THE longer a special session of the Legislature is
delayed the more evident' becomes the need.
Business continues to pile up. The session prom
ises to be Important and may demand considerable
It Is significant that most of the imperative busi
ness Is not new. It is work which the regular ses
' slon neglected or did in slipshod fashion,
j A case in point is the pending proposal of the
i New York Telephone Company for increased rates.
Under the law as it.stands the company may im
' pose and collect higher 4olls subject to eventual re
. vision by the Public Service Commission. But the
commission cannot suspend the rates until it can
discover whether they, are reasonable. Telephone
patrons have no safeguard against illegitimate
charges during the period in which the commission
,; is investigating.
' j Last winter a bill to correct this abuse failed of
. ' passage. In a special session a measure of such ob
jvious justice would have such public support -that
legislators would not dare to sidetrack it.
RESURRECTING THE "OBS."
a MERTCAN political discussion has" always
A oroved a veritable crold mine for lexfcoz-
It is scircely an exaggeration to say that we need -a
new dictionary after each campaign.
Scores of words In common use are of political
ancestry. Candidates and partisans are prone to
coin new words and phrases, to develop new menn-
ings for words in common use. In the heat of the
campaign w?e are tusea into the language and w
come part of the national tongue.
The present campaign is no exception.
"Normalcy," which Candidate Harding used in
bis acceptance speech, Is the best example so far.
The dictionary labels the word as "obs," but it is
rapidly losing that label. Editors and speakers arc
using it without quotation marks. Senator Harding
has revived It, even ,though there may not yet be
complete agreement as to ''the predse definition of
In (he next editions of the dictionary the "obs"
label will be obsolete. Normalcy will be in good
standing- as a resurrected word. Perhaps as good a
guess as any Is that the definition Is likely to relate
"normalcy" to the act of retrospection, of looklne
backward to the good old days.
Perhaps It is typical of the difference between
the men, that where Roosevelt was distinguished
for his readiness to coin new words, Harding Is
' turning to the obsolete list for means of expression.
1 But It Is well to warn the Republican candidate
' that he is getting out of his period. Most of the
-words marked "obs" In the dictionary went out of
' current use long before the era of Mark Hanna and
Lexicographers are nothing If not conservative,
' and rarely write the obituary of a word unless 11 has
been X&u for more than. twenty-four years.
Writing to the, editor of th Tribune Sir.
It. W. Anderson of Pittsburgh oommenta on
The Evening World alogon contest and sug
gests, 1 votod lor Wilson: I'm cured."
The elognrt editor regrets that be Is unable
to cons Wcr the award ot o, prize to n render
who submit bla effort tn so roundabout
and the long trip home midst the crowds and tlw
heat Is forgotten.
By Thursday or-Friday plans are made for the
next .week-end. By Saturday afternoon or Sutxiay
these plans go into effect, and by 11 o'clock Sunday
evening the subway is filled with a crowd that is so
very, very tired and, so overwhelmingly sleepy that
it just simply cannot stay awake until it reaches
After all, people do survive these strenuous one
day vacations for which they are physically unpre
pared. Probably they a"re all the better for having 1
enjoyed and suffered from them.
THE WEARIEST CROWDS.
SUBWAY crowds vary from hour to hour 'and
from day to day.
Once each week In summer the underground
trains carry one certain sort of crowd that Is seen
at no other time of the week or season of the year.
Sunday evening from about 11 until midnight
we see the weariest crowds. Not even the stopping
t crowds of the holiday rush hours are more thor
Young folks, old folks and families with children
. sink into the seats with a sigh, or stand first on one
foot and then on the other.
Sunburned, dusty, footsore, wrinkled, hot and
oh, so tired they are reluming from beaches and
excursions, summer picnics and steamer rides, the
country and the resorts.
. "I'm itsi ahmrt W nnrt "PI ,U
- ' w.
agaln" is the tenor of the song the crowd would
Tiisper if it naa uie necessary ambition which It
Tired and sleepy they are too tired and sleepy
jf,to be ready for work the next day but work they
" ft it i - L..K.r..i ! i ti
nuwever, 11 is a ncaiuiiui wcatjucx). Alter
good night of sleep Monday the unpleasant features
of the outing tend to disappear from memory. The
Joys of itw early fabu3kof- th day are lived over
A TANGLED WEB. ,
nr HIS country had no alternative but to expert
A ment with increased rates for the railroads.
Whether the new rates will prove an unmixed
blessing even to the railroads is open to question.
Not even the shrewdest and wisest students of
transportation affairs can hazard more than a good
guess as to the final effect of the higher schedules.
Railroad rates and their inter-relations form one
of the deepest puzzles of modem civilization. The
average reader has small conception of the fractional
freight margins on which many great industrial op
As a comparatively simple example, take the New
England boot and shoe industry. k
It has been able to compete with the manufac
turers of the Mississippi Valley in supplying shoes
to that region. Superior organization, experience,
a great overturn of goods, &c., have enabled the
Eastern manufacturers to pay freight on Western
hides and returp the-finished products by freight.
Whether they can continue to do so in face of a
higher rate remains td be seen. ,
The railroads themselves arV In the dark as to
possible effects. They have observed the effect of
higher fares on street railways frequently resulting
in lowered receipts. The Boston elevated lines are
a conspicuous example.
Certain materials such as ore and sand could be
hauled only at a low rate. At a high rate the rail
roads could not get the business because the com
modities would not be worth hauling.
The railroads could afford to haul these low-rate
commodities at a bare fraction more than the actual
cost of operation. This tinyfraction helped to keep
equipment busy and to reduce by a small margin
the Inevitable heavy overhead which had to be
divided among commodities which could bear a
heavier freight rate.
This was the reason for the "classificiiion" of
freight; It was economically sound.'
Higher freight rates will disturb the balance be
tween the railroads and other modes of transporta
tion, such as the coastwise shipping, tbe canal and
lake traffic and the present great rival In short-
haul traffic the motor truck.
It Is conceivable that railroads may lose an ap
preciable share of thq tonnage they have handled,
and loss of tonnage means loss, of earning power.
Each alteration of freight rates means a rearrange
ment of jobbing centres in the Nation. The jobbers'
buslnessjs governed by very slight differentials In
freight, time and overhead. A few cents change In
freight charges may wipe out all the advantage of
superior organization, and business sense.
The whole question Is one of unbelievable com.
plexlty. Those best versed in the subject best ap
preciate how little they kno of the matter.
. The Interstate Commerce Commission orders .ire
subject to modification as the need appears. ,
The Commissioners nnd lite railroad managers
can but wait and see, and remedy defects as they
appear with a maximum of justice to all concerned.
The Plain Truth!
br Km ISbm 1-iAlHMrx Co
No Tork Bmlt World),
By Maurice Ketten
TEST BY DISCRETION.
T ITDGE M'INTYRE yesterday charged two Grand
J Juries with the duty of finding some remedy
for the prevailing carnlvnl of reckless motor driving
and automobile homicide,
Judge Mclntyre recommends Jail sentences Instead
of fines which "will not deter speed maniacs."
This recommendation Is valid, but does not cover
Uie ground, according to Chief Magistrate McAdoo,
whose experience lends him to believe that neither
jnll sentences nor fines will serve as o preventive.
The only feasible plan Is revocation of the driving
licenses of those who show disregard for public
Drivers "under the age of discretion" are a
menace, Judge Mclntyre believes, Perhaps this In
dicates essential agreement with Justice McAdoo. In
nil probability It would not be difficult to prove that
few of the speeders have arrived at Ihe "age of llls
crellon," even bough they may be gray-haired. A
Absolute nge Is relatively unimportant, Discre
tion Is vital. On this basis the Legislature has every
reasofi to provide n statute empowering Magistrates
to suspend or revoke the driving license of any per
son who proves Indiscreet.
No lobby of theautomobile Industrv should, have
power to prevent enactment of such a -law at the
next session of ttt Legislature. .
NEXT TIME )
LET'S GO )
IN BATH IMG S
OF My HAIR.
Dogsn Y The
TAKE THE WAVE
OUT OF VOUR.
NO. MY HAIR
1 t & r
J A1 V
HAVE TO AVE
ri7 l j
CIyV-77AU r-rrs IM
AT Al I
The TWdth s MA "as X
AMD .SWE Z.EAVES OAE AT J
THE HAlZPRESSERiS WHEN (
SHE OOES.IN &ATWNG )
FROM EVENING WORLD READERS
Wiar kind of letter do you- find most rcadablet Isn't it the one
that gives you the worth of a thousand words in a couple of hundredt
There is fine mental exercise and a lot of satisfaction in trying
to say much in a few words. Take time to brief.
fTlirlarn TIllaR. I ftathere of tlio Republic." from which
Ito ttu raitw nf Tli MvnlneTVbrMi I for tho Trmt ten or twelve years wo
An you havo pubtluhed the hut- hav boen drifting. aa'Mr. Cox h'm-
roundlnm of tho Oheleea Vlllaffe, I
wlah to place before you something
that mlpht Interest you In regard to
old Greenwich Village. Boyp, four
years no, on my trip to Panama Ca
nal, I stopped at the Colon Sporting
Club to free tho tooutfl. To my trr-
prlno a saw an oM Ninth Wardor,
Own) Hernon, In Uie ring, wth Tana,
ma Jchi Oiuib and KM Norfolk n
eboondH, flghtlntr Qeorce Maanall
twenty rounds. Ilomon. who was
ruty years ou, surpnsoa every onoor
Ills olevernenn and jramaness, and
fought until ha hod flvo rlbi txroken
and wm b topped by the polloo, This
li only one of the came men rrom me
old Ninth Ward.
New YorV, July 27, 1M0.
Tb tin Editor ot Tt EtmiIt World i
Your arUole In to-day's World ov
John Wake on "Why Refuse Protno-
Uonr sounds pood In some oases, but
not tn all.
now would that noUoe looit hunif
up on the wall of o, firm In whoio
employment I am. at the present
of Uie ibeet m Ills line, by name of Mr,
II , who, after tiurty-suc years or
honet and eneriretlo work, was laii
off so that a cheaper and younger
man coUKl nil niB piace, i suppouo
this Is not the only firm where suon
stunts are pulled off,
New York. July it, 1920.
T Edltw oi Tbt Brmlrs World l
in htn letter crltlolmnir a recent
Kvonlnn World edltorli, Mr, Wood of
tho Antl-Balonn League iwilnts out
that tho prohlultum. oi marriage to
euro divorce is noi a nnuici ooi
uiit.h tlin nrohlblUon of drink to cure
lninkciHieaj uut w"""i ' ara.
lie! caro wltn tno pronioiuon oj mar
Tliir-n to euro polygamy.
Let us then toko Jurt v owi ni nis
umnl. and admit clieorfully tho au-
niiraov of hi 8 lofflot OIUl OB) him.
since the latter cases are p.inUlol,
whv not mnko tho rammins parallel
also? Why not abolish mnrrliure by
ineiUia UI 11 i'niuttti ".'"I . Hill.
automaUcnlly do away win all r4im
naujrtity polygamy uiai unnermin-im-
tho Nntlonl Tna Antl.Polvframv
League would mans a no name tor
tho wives ot a mmiCTn rxumnon.
Pompton Lakes, N. J, July 34, 1S20.
To d Ull tor of Tli Ktmlaj WocU:
I have read your otlltorlal In Vrlday'a.
Jiilv 23. laauo. "HanUng Accents.1'
and I must confess, as an Intelligent
Democrat. Hint It Is a disgrace to our
party and dots us mora Injury than
good. You know as well as I do, or
any Democrat of Intelligence, that to
uclf known bettor than cither you "r I.
And. honest as he Is. he will agree
witn mo that you deliberately uni an
untruth when you say 'Tve (Mr. na ru
ing) merely continues the wicked, ma
licious, shameful campaign of decep
tion which his mooters of the Bftna
torlal oligarchy have waged for more
than ,a year," and a malicious mis
representation when you assert "hon
esty and truth are not In Urn."
To ohnnge the fourth paragraph In
that article and make It agree with
my contention, It nhould rend! "If this
odltorlal (of platitude upon platitude)
can awaken any enthusiasm among
your roadors It must be accepted as
a tribute to your skill as a falfllfer of
self-evident truthH.and "that honeity
and truth are not In you" and that
you iihould not cnttcloe under ' uie
mask of hypocrisy," but In a manly,
open, fair, square nnd just manner.
SUN It Y 1'KIIUY,
Crescent Beach, Conn., July 21, 1920.
Don Any Ttender Know the
To tlx Blltrw at Th Xnolnc World i
Will you kindly advise a constant
reader of your paper the definition ot
the phrase "subject to tariff regu
The roauon I ask Is that I am a
traveller on tho N, Y N. H. and H. It,
ft, from this city to Now Ilawn, and
nine times out of ten there are ln-
HUftlclent nccommodutlona regarding
seats, I havo asked the conductors
of tho trains why thoy do not put on
more oars and they slate tnat is ail
tho cars are permitted to curry, It
such ifl tho fact, should thoro not be
some means uy wmon more trains
ahould bo run or pntssengors told
when thoy ore purchasing tickets the
possibility of having to stand from
New York to Now Havon, a trip of
about two hours, whloli Is absolutely
exhaustive during this not weatlier7
a. It, PAXiUlfllt
Hrooklyn, July U, 1030.
He I'lnrU the Time (Joed.
To ttw BUtrr o( Tbe BtoaMr WorM)
Please lot "Iceland" look this oyer.
Ho says tie paid $60 for a suit and
3 for shoes. Oh. yes, ho did,
The trouble with eorne of throe let
ter writers Is they Etn't4ielp tout
show off, I earn 166 pot wk, pay
a good rent, buy ISO suits, tt shoes,
keep a wife and boy well drctucd and
well foA and well satisfied with life.
And the irest part ot It l", I am sav
ing monoyi not much, but saving,
just the same, SELRAY.
Urooklyn, July 28, 1930.
To It HUtat ot Tim Errolnf Woitl
Allow jne. who has never rcgislored
a kick through any nenrtqxipur, pro
test against the highway robbery ys
tern of Mr, Hylan'a bus syctom. U
was my misfortune to got wedged
into ona or ins nuoes on Tnuraday
night, at tho tuno of tho Williams,
Jmiuutlatly ounnluer It. Mr, Harding purg Prldgo fire. On this bus was
wianeu lor n a-iurn w uu v-wiw; a largo BiErj'-o cents," uut wneu I got
tloa and "to UU toast trtrtltlffltt ttj tb) to tUoaklia wata mow toot ur-
UNCOMMON SENSE '
By John" Blake
(CoirrlCbt. 1120, bf Jotui m.w.i
LEARN THE TRADE OF OPPORTUNITY BUILDING.
There is one valunble trndc that is not taught in
schools. Neither can you find any treatises on it in the
library. Rut it can be learned just the sutue, and the man
who lcariu it will nave himself a lot of wuge slavery by
This trade Is Opportunity-Building.
We prosper or fail according to our opportunities. To
some opportunities come ready made, F. O. B., at our doors.
If we are wise enough to go out and take them in, the rest of
life Is easy.
But opportunities come thus to few. And while those
few are wuitl'.ig for them the wolf is growling at the door and
now and then stepping Into the pantry to remove some of
the food supply,
But opportunities arc not all ready made. They can
be built built at home, with no tools save your eyes n'ld
ears nnd your brain. And home-made opportunities like
home-made pie surpnss all other varieties.
E. H.'NHarrimnn made his own opportunity as a rail
Interested In rnllronds, though knowing nothHg of their
practical operation, he set himself to the task of learning
more. In order to try tho experiments his brain suggested
he had to get control of a railroad.
That was not jjasy, but he did it. Once In control he
convinced the world that he knew how to use the oppor
tunity he had made.
Napoleon made his own opportunity though he built
an opportunity so vast that he was unable to handle it when
it was fully constructed.
Your opportunity may not be so great as these. But
you can mako one If you go about it. And in most cases the
self-made opportunity is the only one a man ever has.
Study this trade. It is a difficult and complicated one
far harder than the most difficult trade or profession that
is taught in nny of the colleges. But It is well worth learn
ing, even though you 'hnve to spend ten or twenty or thirty
years of your life at the task.
For without opportunity you will (be just one of the or
dinary run, A'.id if you wait for opportunity to knock, even
once on your door, the grim reaper is likely to find you still
waiting when ho comes to remove you frorn a world where
opportunity builders have taken most of the prizes.
At Public Library
Illit ftfitnnisnt.inrl. Tft Called
( 3 O
on for Facts, rigurcs,
Dates and Advice.
IT would be hard to provo whethor
lending books for reading at homo
or providing them for study and
reference within tho building Is the
moro Important duty of a public
library, says a wrltof in 'a recent
number of tho Library DullcUn of tho
Now York Public Library. Fow per
sons, nfter reflection, would contond
that anmv.iing questions Is more Im
portant than cither, but no librarian
will deny that It Is a notablo part ot
his work, and that the demands
made upon him by Inquirers aro lrv
ceasant and of the most extraordi
nary varloty. A question brought to
a library, either by lettor or by word
of mouth, may bo nmmorcd In a sec
ond, or It may require hours of re
search by too Ubrarlans and wcoks
or months of study by tho qucntluner.
Thora Is no satisfactory way H
count tho number of questions cSHvi,
tn any given time, of tho Now York
Public Library. Whethor the Inquire!
applies by letter, goes to tho Informa
tion desk, to any of the reading
rooms of tho reference, department
In tho Central Building, or to one of
the numerous agencies of tho circu
lation department outside that
building, tus quostlon falls Into oho
of thrco classos. First, there arc
slmplo questions about tho library
and its books, which aro answered at
once without reference to any book.
Typical of these Inquiries would be
a question about tho resources of tho
different parts of the Ubrary; a' re
quest for tho title of a good book upon
a subject which has a great body
of literature as Napoleon or the
American Civil War. Second, thcra
are questions to be answered not ln
Btantly, but In a moment or two, by
consulting one of the obvious books
of reference, Third, there are diffi
cult problems which require research.
Probably the library succeeds In an
swering at least 90 per cent, of what
may be called the important and legit
imate questions. Inquiries that lie
within the Held of rational science, of
literature In Its widest sense, ot hla
tory, or of the known record of man's
thought may fairly expect an answer.
It Is tho "freak" question in science,
the dubious by-path ot history, tbe
stray quotation which present difficul
ties. These and tho "fugitive" poem
lao-called, perhaps, because It la a fu
gitive from the Justice which it might
receive from a competent prltle often
go their doubtful and anonymoutt
way, with their mystery, whatever It
Is, unsolved. Perhaps the sum of the
world's knowledge Is not seriously
Here are a few unanswered ques
tions, sent by letter to the Now York
Public Library In the early month-
of this year:
"Will you kindly give the name of
the publication, as well as the pub
lisher's namo, of a book of diagrams
and charts Bhowing wiring syntems.cf
nil cars. Including 1920 models?"
"Can you give me any information
author publisher date .about h
book on the San Domingo revolution?.
My customer thinks It was
published thirty or forty years ago,
and that the title may havo been
'Evenings in Boston.' "
i "I should be crcaUv obliged if vcu
would let me know In whloh volun'.e
of Jerome K. Jerome his 'A Most Ln
common Patient' appears."
"Kindly advise me If you havo the
following work: nibllographle de la
Papeterie, by Charles Dumercy. Brui-
elles: F. Larcler, 1188, If not. could
you direct me to an American library
where this bibliography could te
'A,bout twenty-flve years ago there
appeared In some magazine or news
paper a poem entlUed 'Jonathan Jay."
It waa about a poor little boy who
had to wear bis fattiera 'big boots to
school, and the other boys made fun
of him. I want to get a copy of this
poem, and write to know If you can
tell me wliere I can get It,"
"One of our newspapers has been
asked for the author of the Una;
'Hew to the line, let the Chips fall
where they may.'
Can you, out of the wealth of your
department, dig It up?"'
"About two months ago I road,
either In the Now York Evening Post
or some other newspaper or periodi
cal, among the book reviews, an ar
ticle reviewing a book en Parlia
mentary Form of Government, by a
Frenoh author, member of tho French
Chamber of Deputies . I should
like to have the accurate title cf the
book, with name of author and pub
Usher . I remember that it '
had been translated from the French
and that the English version had beeu
tunates like myetftf, we wore com
pelled to pay from IB to 25 ccnti.
If this Is the proposed bus system,
?fleru glvo us cars with a .in i form
are Instead of getting etuck up and
robbed by bus drivers. lxt us hear
from a few more suckers like myi.elf ;
perhaps then we may accidentally get
proper relief by our wondorful city
ofllclaJs. Thanking you for this,
Brooklyn, July 10, 1930.
The n. h. T.
To tr Btoor of Tt Kteolu WcrM:
This morning I nnd the misfortune
to travel on tho Broadway "L" of the
B. It. T. road. There being a fire .on
tho Williamsburg Bridge I and hun
dreda of others were told to got off at
Uaroy Avonu Station, start tba JviftS. UK
tlokot agent handed us transfers and
wo proceeded on our trin via. trollev
to Dclancoy Street, Here we got off
wivn uie expectation or getting an
otlrer transfer to the trains, (but wore
told' by a brass button special that
umewi we paia anouior rare wo
wouia nave to noof it."
Haw does the B. It. T. get that wav?
Are they so low financially that this Is
their only means to raise funds? If
they expect the passengiera to .pay an
other fare for every .block, fire, or any
other accident which Is their fault, it
sure would pay thorn to havo an acci
dent like this a few Umca a month,
This idea ougnt to pe wortn some
thing to thorn. LOUTS MTLLEII.
lll.fihofllcld'A.vonue, Brooklyn, N, y.
By Albert P. Southwlck
CopjrUkt. 1(10. tt Th. PrtH ruhllfklni Co.
(Th Nw Tort Kv.ntnr WIH )
1 In 1C89, Innocent XI., who has
been called the Protestant l'ope,
died on Aug. 12.
DcJancey Street, New York City;
recalls the name of Lieut Gov
James Do Lnncoy, tho original
builder and owner of the house
that ofterwnrd became Fnunoe's
Tavern at Pearl and Broad Streets
lie gave the city Its first town clock.
The Do Loncey family played an
Important part In Now York's hla.
tory for a long period. Their funn.
covering about 120 blocks of tho
present New York City, extended
from Division Btroet to Htantnu urn!
from the Bowery to the Bast Illver.
Ml net tft Street, New York City
derives Its name from a Dutch
word meaning "llttlo one" that is
the small creok, to dlHtlngnlsh It
from a larger one that was near.
Tho section. of New Vork Cltv
near Convent and Amsterdam Ave.
mi, between 138th and UblU
BtreotB, was- originally owned bv
Alexander Hamilton. He built i
house there, In. 1803, naming It Tho
Grange In honor nf his uncle's-
estate In BcoUand, H0 piain-l
thirteen trees ln wmfelS?
roprwent the original Btatea.
name of Commodore Oliver Hazard
Perry, the naval victor In Se Batui"
t Lake (Bute, lept. I iul "