Newspaper Page Text
JAMIMBSKtemmx in in ii tk.
;;jjii..,jj;ju!!iPIIIp( mm- ' 17 ' 10 4." v ? THE EVENING WORLD, MONDAY, MAY 30, 1921. ESTABLISHED BT J03ETH Pt7t.tT7.RR. fruMlAtd Dally Except BunrUr br Th from publishing ComMlU. Moa. BS to 3 lrk nanr. Nrw Tork. HAI-PIt rULlTZF.n. Prratdent. (3 ruk -Rot. J. ANGUS SItAW. Treasurer. 03 Park tlow. . JOSEPH rUlitTaEn Jr., Secretary, 03 Prk Row. jrrmTit or toe ASPoourro rnsss. . B Anotlittd Irin b nclailitlj rntlUri) ts It fr ncaMIetUM M 111 nrn dtiptteku crrdlltd to It or sot eUtnrlM crtdlUl U Uli ptwi k4 tin tl loctl mm imbtlikrt ktnu. AT THE DANGEROUS STAGE. THE tragic wreck of the big ambulance aeroplane at Morgantown yesterday follows several other fatal accidents in recent months. At first thought the recent death toll would seem to indicate that flying will never be so safe as we have come to expect. This does not follow. An equally probable explanation is thai aviation is now passing through a stage which has been the common experience in the development of other inventions. In the early history of flying accidents were fre quent because of mechanical imperfections and in experience of operators. Since then the planes have been improved and made safer to such an extent that anything has seemed possible. Aeroplanes have overcome so many of the "impossibilities" that flyers have decided nothing is impossible. The result hafe been over-confidence. Thoroughly cautious flyers navigate in safety. Others "take chances." A series of fatal accidents will renew the cautious attitude of flyers. Another result will be the inven tion and development of safety devices. Flying will become safer ttian ever. The automobile passed through a 'similar stage of comparative reliability under normal conditions, followed by fatal accidents in abnormal conditions. Then the automobile was improved and strength ened to cope with the abnormal, and drivers learned what could not be expected from mere machinery. GRAIN GROWERS, INC. AMERICAN farmers are taking the first steps in what may develop into a truly revolutionary advance in the marketing of farm products. The recently organized Grain Growers, Inc., and the projected $100,000,000 Farmers' Finance Cor poration present infinite possibilities for the promo tion of co-operative principles in the marketing of farm produce. If the grain growers are successful, similar organizations for handling other commodities will follow. The men responsible for this organization lave an enormous responsibility. If it should fail it would set back the co-operative movement for a generation. If it succeeds at first the temptation to selfish abuse of power will be tremendous. At the first it will have td face a rich, powerful and wily opposition, including all those who liavi profited by the existing system of distribution. It will also face rlie invariable conservatism of capital and Ms hesitancy to embark in new and untried methods. But the experiment is worth making and deserves public support so long as the organization deals fairly with the public Co-operation has always seemed foreign to the genius of the American farmer. This may have been the result of the open frontier with the accom panying instability of competitive conditions. The frontier has vanished. There seems good reason to believe that the time for cooperation has arrived. THREE PER CENT. RESTRICTION. PUBLICATION of immigration quotas for June, as provided under the new "Three Per Cent Law," brings home the fact that immigrants are dually to be restricted afffr a fashion i new fashion. .. Wc already have several other fashions, partial fcrly the literacy test which admits literate Anarchists witling to perjure themselves and keeps out others ' far less dangerous to the community. As to the actual workings of the new law, we shall see what we shall sec Under the kw, 119 Belgians stay be admitted in June. Suppose 125 ask admis sion. What will be the fate of the hst six? Will hey be returned to Belgium or obliged to wait a month? Two things are reasonably dear. One is that the present bw is not adequate. The other is that we shad soon require an enlarged organization for regu lating immigration on the other side of the Atlantic And if we have such an organization, is k too roach to hope that H will have power to make sdec flons and rejections on some basis more definite than , fhe literacy test and a numerical check on passengers ? TARIFFS IN THE MAKING. AMERICANS never had a better opportunity to examine Into the mechanics of the tariff ma chine than Is presented by the workings of the Emergency Tariff Bill signed Saturday by the Presi dent, accompanied as it b by the making of the penmanent tariff bin which Is to be Introduced wHWn few weeks, As the Herald pointed out last week, the most immediate result of the Emersrcncv Tariff was to Increase prices of wheat and flow in (he hands of the nccmawrt una via n naa leit me otns or the pro-aDcert, A1iedy wo tea New England protectionists who - A. 1H... 1 - 1 J J hkrnb QroTfcna ana u opera mantel xv dyes contending with other protectionists who wunt dyes protected and care little or nothing about textiles. Neither seems to care a rap about the American workman in the otlicr industry. The poor consumer who has to buy dyed textiles isn't considered at all. To insure protection for textiles the New England crs will accept protection for dyes. And to insure protection for dyes the New Jersey and Delaware and Pennsylvania and 'Ohio representatives will tolerate protection of textiles. Possibly each of these two schedules will be raised somewhat to allow for (he high price of the other commodity. The consumer will pay the bill. Tariffs are made by trading and log-rolling. Meanwhile the foreign markets already in our debt will be unable to pay with goods, and foreign ex change and foreign trade will go from bad to worse. The ultimate in economic absurdity was reached when President Harding solemnly conferred with leading financiers, handed out the machine-made slogan, "Full speed ahead" and then signed the Emergency Tariff Bill. . IT SHALL YET BE. THIS is the day the country brings flowers to the graves of ils sons who died on battlefields. Are flowers all it brings? Every American who pays tribute to the Nation's dead to-day will carry with him to the end of his life the memory of the part his country and ils youth playe.l in the greatest war of history. Is it to be only a memory? The hearts of all who watched that youthful host marching through the streets of the Nation's cities four years ago on its way to the camps from which the trains and troop-ships bore it silently and secretly overseas, were moved by more than tlie thought that here were men going "reluctantly and laggardly" to risk tlieir lives on a job that had to be done to save tlie skins of those they left behind. No man, Ambassador though he be, shall belittle with his cynicism the deeper feelings of the American people as they bore the burdens and heartaches of those months of war. There was a national ideal. ' There was a national faith that the whole world was to be made better and safer by the heroic sacri fice of these young Americans. Have we brought to their graves to-day only the flowers while the ideal and the faith have vanished? Would the dead wish it so? Neither living nor dead have fallen so far below the spirit of that great American who dedicated an earlier battlefield with the immortal words that are a priceless part of the Nation's heritage: "It is for us the living, rather, to bo here dedicated to the great task remaining before us that from these honored dead wo take increased devotion, to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of dovotlon that we hero hlghfy rcsolvo that these dead shall not havo died In vain." World and Nation have lost the exalted moments of four years ago. In the United States, bitterness and spite bred in political conflict since the war have shattered tlie unity and fineness of earlier feelings. Yet, despite all this, the man who is now President of the United States, standing over the coffins of the war dead at Hoboken last week, could voice only the same national sentiments that another Tresktent of the United States voiced when those young bodies went forth in life and strength to their task: "They saw democracy challenged and de fended it They saw civilization threatened and rescued It." "We Bhall give our most and best If we make certain that they did not die In vain." v-- Those are the deeper sentiments of the American people. No surface play of politics can obscure them completely or for long. No tortuous twists of party policy can turn the country from the great purpose bom of an agony of peoples to find practical co-operative means by which nations can draw nearer to the ideal of a world made safe. The light over ho covenants shall be called, how pledges shall be phrased, may not be ended for a time. But it will end, and no party or faction can change the way it will end. V Under whatever name it may be known, tlie reality of a new international league to lessen the likelihood of war will be there, and the United States will be in and of U. Those whose graves are fresh with flowers to-day need have no fear. We shall yet keep faith. Wliat Ar Wa finincr in l)t Ahmif If ? By John Cassel - 11V Sew York Bffnlni tVnrM.i MVf'klJ fc. 11 .-sJ From Evening World Pleaders What kind of a letter do jou find mat readaWet Isn't it the onn that givti yon the oorth of a thovtand loor&s in a couple of hundred! Thr U fine mental erercite and a lot of satisfaction in trying tt lay mueh in a few words. Take time to be brief. Approvn Ia Uanrdla'a Stand. TdUk Editor o The EtralM WorlJ : In a recent Evening world I reau an article headed "La Guard I a lights Ban on Dr. Holmes." As a citizen, I wish to stato that I highly approve of the stand that the President of the Hoard of Aldermen Is taking In the mattor In which Dr. Holmes was prevented rrom deliver ing hla lecturo In a public school In our city entitled "The Collapse of Civilization," which would seem to bo a subject of very great Importance. Why tho Board of .Education re fused to allow Dr. Holmes to deliver his address Is hard to understand. Dr. Holmes is an American and a minister of the gospel and is seoiuns to better the conditions of society by peaceful and lawful menus. . k lfTT l"Cfl4l New York. May 23. 1921. now t KeP American i in FlylnB. tv. rAUrr id Urn Oenioa World: ' As an American seaman who has vailed under "Old Glory" to various forolm countries previous to tne World War and since, I am greatly amused at the position taken by tho Shipping Board at this partlcu.ar time. urn advertising for Americana to man their ships and, furthermore, to keep them running at all costs, yet at the same time they Intend to cut their wages 16 per ccm, ' how simple Is the way of tho mariner. . ii,. Wor4d War the oer- TWICE OVERS. trT HE toke of our comrades comes to us lik.t a I call io arms, 'Fight on fight on,' it urges at." Commander Calbraith of the American Legion. ( ALMOST etenj congregated group of boys and 1 young men lo-day are soon engrossed in 'shying craps'" The Rett. Christian F. RcJtxa. Pmtrlmu to the World War the per centago of Americana going to sea was very small. Living conditions, hours of labor and wages were no In centive to Americans. At prcaent, through th untiring efforts of the various marine organizations, a fairly decent standard of living conditions, hours of labor and wages have been obtained, with the result that a lot of imnrirjuu have g:one to sea and in tend to stay on the Job. The Shipping Board claims that it cannot compete with tho merchant marine of foreign countries. Naturally, tho foreign ma .inn hu no useless encumbrance like the Shipping Board to maintain or politicians to Keep in armcnair yuai tlnno In hlir offices. And last, but b no means ieast, the army of grafters which we all read aoout In tne news papers. Th( shloDimr Board Is perfectly oor reel they cannot compete with the foreign merchant murine. And mw out of their kindness of heart tho ask the poor mariner to accept a It ner cent, cut In his wages, work longer hours and eliminate overtime. The landlubber nsks why? Well, the answer Is decidedly short: So that the Khlnnlnc Board can appear bcfjre Congress to ask for appropriations and stay In their respective positions, playing the well known game, "pans In the buck." In order to preservo the American Merchant Marine, constructed at so great an expense, it is necessary to eliminate all waste and graft. To do must start at tho root and that Is the Shipping Board. Tho delegutes to the Mississippi Valley Convention had the right idea about tho Shipping Hoard and aro to be commended for their recommendations. Regardless of the opinion often voiced by for eigners, tho men that man our snips aro tho equal of any foreign merchant mnrlno In the world. Now, in order to keep Americans on the ship3 it Is absolutely necessary that a decent standard of living con ditions, hours of labor and wages tns made that will attract real red-blood-od Americans. Failure to do this will eventually result In our ships flying foreign flags. No American would like to sco this I thing occur. Then, In order to upnold tho American Mcrchnnt Marine, wo must all put our shoulders to the wheel and devise some means where by wo can co-operate to tho advantago of all concerned, both ship owners and marine workers, always bearing in mmu tne fact "that in order to conserve ft Is first necessary to pre serve." I'AUL II. ICrtlEGEK. New York City, May 23, 1921. Whmt nave We Dntldcdf To 13m Editor rf tfba Breninc World ! Just a buck private's reply to Col. Harvey's recent slander. From out the graves on Flanders Fields There comes a cry. Re-echoed from the realms on high. what have tit buudedT What have we tmiMed That a chaos of cowardice should rule And wake our martyred dead, Mlsstattnr why we fought and bled Wfcat have we bullded? Was not America oar cry! Did we go In for rolden gain. To save ourselves, tho reason why, Or to let democracy remain? Was Old Glory mada in vain. Besmirched now with the talk of pelf, That one lone mortal, so Inane, Would lie thus. In interest of himself? To ye who live, take-up our cause. Remove the traitor from our lot And oast hun far from out our shores, That we may sleep and ask thee not What have we bullded? jrM LEKNTB. Richmond mil, N. Y., May 26, 1921. Enforcing the U, To the Eifctrc oCn i1d World : We havo been told over and over that tho Prohibition Law cannot be enforced. Gov. Miller said It could be, and Police Commissioner Enright has proved tho possibility. Tho Police Commissioner now announces 76 per cent, of the saloons out of service and promises to havo them all out of business by next fall With this mattor disposed of, we are next torn mat juries win not con vlot Conviction depends on throe things the character of the Jury, lra partiality of the court, and tho ovl dence. To assume that a Jury will not convici is to leave out of con lderatloo. tho evidence. This Is the o effectively It Is essential that oa crux of thd-sltuaUon. Every .TrohtU- UNCOMMON SENSE By John Blake (Crorrlikt, lMt. bj John Bltke.) WHAT A WOMAN DID. It scums probable that cancer, one of Ihe most deadly of the enemies of mankind, will .-oon be conquered by the use of radium. ( Since the beginning of time this element had existed in nature. For the last score or more of years the presence of some unseen but powerful force has been suspected. Scien tists sought to discover what it was but sought in vain till a quiet little Polish woman, after years of laborious experi ment, discovered it. This woman is now in America to receive a very small payment on account of the service she. has rendered humanity. The payment consists of n single gram of radium worth one hundred thousand dollars. To her it seems a mag nificent gift, yet it is us nothing compared to her gift to her fellow men and women. That a woman should have made this discovery one of the most notable in all history is highly important. It disproves forever the old contention that there is any difference between the brain of a man and that of a woman. The highest concentration, the greatest reasoning power, the most indomitable determination, were required for the years of work which had to be done before this discovery could be made. A man stumbles on a gold mine or a diamond deposit by accident. But a metal which exists in the most minute quantities, and which must be extracted by infinite pains from the surrounding elements, has tb be located first and laboriously separated afterward. Countless experiments entered into Mme. Curie's work, and only a remarkable human being could have brought it to a successful conclusion. Much is yet to be done before the power of radium over cancer can thoroughly be tested. But this can be left to others, as the consolidation of a captured position in war can be left to subordinates after a brilliant General has won an engagement. Mme. Curie has set an exumple not only for her own sex but for all the searchers for truth in the world. Her achievement is an inspiration, nnd probably to the end of time will be an inspiration, to the whole world. tion State has had experience In this. When Juries at first failed to convict. Judges and reputable attorneys be gan to gt wise to tho situation. It was plain that tho. courts wore be ing controlled by a lawless liquor crowd, suborning witnesses and brib ing jurors. Judges, therefore, lost no time in instructing juries that they must return a verdict according to the evidence. Hence conviction by Juries in liquor violations became the regular .thing. Tho opinion, widespread over this city, that Juries will not convict, ' leaves out of consideration tho ovl denco and Is a base slander on every man who sits on a jury. Wo bellove that the average Juryman In Now York Is as honest and conclenttous as can be found clsowhere and that ho will decide those liquor cases wholly on the evidence and not on presump tion or prejudice or tho psychologi cal suggestion of a specious liquor Jk-lVnATCHBLOn ii That's a Fact By Albert P. Southiciek 9 Erealnf world), iThr Acw Tor 1 Quebec, Canada, in addition to its popular appellation of tho "Gibraltar of America" Is also known as "The Ancient Capital," The Pure Food and Drugs Act of juno 30, l0G; for preventing thu mm ufacture, sale or transportation adulterated or mlsbrundcd or poison ous or deleterious foods, drugs, modi clncs and liquors, becamo effective on Jan. 1, 1907. As a question of pronunciation .Webster. WoroasUr and the Standard The Pioneers ' of Progress By Svetozar Tonjoroff CwlrUM, 1021, t; Tb Pkm DftlWhlBX Co. (The New York Krtfilnf World). X. THE MAN WHO FIRST LOVED A DOG. Of all creatures tho dog Is man's only voluntary ally. Tho Intensity of devotion lavished by tho dog up'on his master merits a fuller return than It sometimes receives. 1 And yet mau nnd his best friend first met as bitter enemies. They looked Into each other's eyes for (he first time on tho hunting Held, where tho original ancestor of tho Cants family, himself an Inveterate hunter disputed tho proy Jjhat had fallen to tho human hunter s spear or his ar row. the side of tho dog; for tho ontlre dor kind aro free from tho habit of men tal reservations. This stato of hostility armed liter- ally to the teeth, on both sides did not last long Into tho stono age. The kitchen middens piles of camp or village refuse of Denmark show the skeleton of an animal In close prox imity to mat or a man. which inui rates that tho pact of friendship be tween man and dorr had been s sncu In tho nower stono or Neolithic period, and probably sealed with the Diood or the dor on many a battle field hard-fought by him In behalf of his master. It would be pleasant to bellevo thaf tho lnstlnir friendshlD between doc and man was tho result of an act o' supremo generosity performed by .the nigncr onimai ror tho benent of , tne lower. The beautiful story lias been tbld that tho first animal to be called u 'doc ' and to act as a doir. was on the point of being jrored over a preci pice by a stag at bay: that the man kilted the stag ami then hauled back the dog to firm earth; that the dos was so grateful for tins supremo favor that It thero nnd then licked the man-'s foot and volDed Its vow of eternal fidelity to Its deliverer and Ills progeny for ever and ever. Unfortunately. It is difficult w credit such generosity to our orlginu ancestors, we therefore must reject the beautiful story. It In much more probable that some hunter In raidlnir tho lair of some wolf-like or jackal-like creattln found thero a litter of pups whlch'W took to his cave with him; that the nuns thrived under his care and the care of his woman or children, and that when they had grown up thfy naturally attached themselves to tholr benefactors an attachment which resulted In the complete do mestication of their descendants. Tlie difficulties of teaching nn old doir new tricks havo been crystallised Into a well-nign universal expression among all peoples. Hover must have begun his relations wltn man as a puppy, and not n nn oiu nog. I'laln traces 01 incso reiaiioas arc so be found In the relics of every ancient civilization or near civilization, sculp tures of dogs are to be seen in Homan Assyrian and Egyptian antiquities The KsKimos pay me aop or in"m sclves the compliment of believing that they are Its descendants. TJu welcome that Odysseus's dug gave ,:ti master on his return from hia wan derings shows that In the oldest If corded time tho genus funis piayeu in Important part In tho affairs of men. The man wno nrst loveu a uog probably a puppy which he had t.iiton from its mother's lalr placed man kind under a profound obligation ror all time. We can Imagine the fense of friendly security which tho preseuce and the fidelity of that puppy, grown up to doghood, gave that prlmlilvo man. That original ancestor of dogs -nnd a heart and a mind and a xoul for only one being. That being was ins master. For his maoter ho reserved nil inn nnwpr ni wnrKnm rn.it nnru, In religion; all the devotion of wliISl man himself is capauio at his best. It Is likely that the original dog, unlet It was unwnuiy treated never leit the urge to return to his wild kind ror he craved tho society of only one crea ture, and that creature was Its pja-tor. To bo tho permanent, inseparablrs and closest possible companion of mtin Is a dog's only ambition. Tho acau . sltlon of such a reliable, disinterested and whole-hearted dovotlon a devo tion faithful unto death marks irn unmistakable footprint In tho path of progress. WHERE DID YOU GET THAT WORD ? 31. RUBBER. ( An Interesting story of discovery, and Invention is told by tho word! "Rubber." Tho first use to which the lnval. uablo material designated by that term was put was rubbing out woydB or marlta made with a pencil or pen on paper. In our day that la the least of tho purposes to which It Is ap. plied. When the discoverers brought this material from tho West Indies for the first tlmo they called It India-rubber With their facility for dispensing with useles words and getting to tlie bc rtiuwiutH iuoi hu nine in uron. ping tho prefix "Indta." Tho discoverers of rubber were followed without much delay by 'the Inventors of tho various processes by which the gum of the rubber tree i3 purified, softened, hardened to rcsem bio ivory or laid In a thin, pliant leaf on textiles. w It is to bo regretted that there are or rather were many millions of black and brown men on three conti nents to whom tho discovery ofrthe substance and tho coining of 4ho word "rubber" havo brought nothing but tears and blood and death. dictionaries prefer tho accent of "o-a-sis" on tho llrst syllable; ' the Century nnd Stormonth glvo tho ac cent on the secondsyllable, "o-a-sls," Tho quotation, "thrco things a man is most likely to bo cheated In t horse, a wig and a wife," is f10rn Poor Richard's Almanac. Tho word Piccadilly (tho fnmom thoroughfare of London) had manv various spellings. It was written Peccadillo by Auhrey; Plquidlllo. w s-dlllle, Pakndllla, Plckadllly. pitiu dllla and Pekadllle on tradesmen'j tokens. , '