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THE EVENING WORLD, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 8, 1921.
:m II l!7." ill flit "crcfisczw BBTABLKHED BT JOSEPH rtTUTZEH. PoMtMitd rxjlr KiQopt Buadir, b Tb Ptm rubllihlnx Comtwor. Mm. sa to 61 Prk now, Xvw Torlc JIAXJ-II PUUTZBn. Priant, (8 Puk now. J. AKOUS SHAW. Trewnrer. 3 Fuk nan. joscru PTTTitTasn jr., 8crtrr. (3 r.rv now. uzmbir or nne associated pnrss. Tk Ausdittd PnH ti nrfttlrtlr rntlUfd t U UN ft npahllcittrt ' ef all am dratUhat tndltd Is It or net oUnnrlM awUlid U UJ (uu A STRAW FROM CHICAGO. THE Republican Party of Chicago represents Republicanism in about the same measure that the Democratic Party of New York represents democracy. So perhaps it is not justifiable to con sider the repudiation of Republicanism in Chicago as a rebuke to Republican do-nothingism in Wash ington. But in the decisive defeat administered to Mayor Thompson's faction Monday the deciding power was credited to the vote of the women. In the November elections he women were more Republican than the men. They even swallowed Thompsonisni. If they have now turned on the Thompson candidates it is a hopeful indication of , independence. It should also be a warning to the President and Congress to deliver the goods or answer for results. Every independent in politics is a menace to the party in power which fails to live up to its pledges. It seems that the press Is making almost too much of the Invitation extended to President Butler to address the meeting of the British Im perial Premiers. Isn't there just the possibility that tho British Imperial Premiers want to ask President Butler what he and the other thirty of the thirty-one eminent Republicans meant when they pro claimed that a vote for Ilarding was a vote for the League of Nations? THE LIBERTY OF THE PULPIT. FOR arrant stupidity nothing in recent months surpasses the action of the Pittsburgh Em ployers' Association in moving openly to confine the sermons and addresses of church pastors to the subject limits of a so-called "neutral zone." It is' no secret that employing interests have used the power of contribution to church support to in fiuence pulpit policies in many churches, but such attempts have usually been surreptitious and under hand. In Pittsburgh the attempt seems to have been so open as to challenge resentment. The Ministerial Union has been forced to act It had no alternative but (o take the stand it did and defy the employers, declaring "it our solemn duty and purpose to de fend the liberty of the gospel." It will be a sorry day for America if employers are ever able to dictate to or from the pulpit. The world ha suffered untold tortures in divorcing the Church from the State. A union of the Church and Capitalism would be calamity. This Nation never will be willing to recognize the doctrine of the Divine Right of the Employer. "Who shall say what the future shall have In store T" caks President Harding. Certainly not President Harding, unless he takes advantage of his opportunities to make the future have In store what America will want and can be proud of. BOHEMIA AND BOURGEOISIE. IN THE'war of words over the tea and talk shops of "The Village," it seems strange that the de fenders of Village virtue have failed to state the case in terms of "economic determinism'' so dear to the heart of advanced thinkers. Economic determinism has explained love, war, morals, the Constitution and style, to mention only a few of its applications. Would it do less for the actions of the Washington Square Association? Why should the Villagers berate Sheriff Knott and his cohorts as prudes when it is possible to ex pose them as selfish and capitalistic? Define the controversy on economic grounds and we get something like this: In the days before .the war Greenwich Village . attained fame or at least notoriety as the home of Bohemians. At that time the capitalistic owners of property were glad to rent "studios" and "attics" and smiled on Bohemia because it attracted tenants. Then Capitalism. invaded the Village. The West SMe Subway was opened. It transformed the Vil lage from an out-of-the-way corner to a well-located residential district convenient to the work places of lower Manhattan and the play places in Longacre. Bohemia attracts a certain following. But the number of Bohemians, real, imitation and would be, is limited. Since the advent of the subway, owners of real estate in this section have been re juvenating and modernizing (their property aiii jacking up rents. More new developments are 'pend ing, and owners are wondering whether 'there will be enough Bohemians to fill the new space, The Bourgeoisie and the Bohemians will not mix. And after all, there are more Bourgeoisie than Bo hemians. The Bourgeoisie can pay the higher rents and collections will be more regular. So Bohemian ism must go. Landlords arc selfish and have no thought for the Higher Tilings of Life. They want all the rent they an gel, and want it regularly. They are selfish. The economic forces determine jheir morality, as every Advanced Thinker knows. u Therefore, the Village must become quiet and decorous so that the Bourgeoisie can sleep nights. Will any Advanced Thinker demur? $2,000,000,000 SHORT? ATTACKING the Army Appropriation Bill, under which nearly $336,000,000 would be spent on the army in the next fiscal year, Senator Borah said in the Senate Monday: "The President Is cognizant of the serious sit uation and the Secretary of the Treasury has in formed us that the only way to bring about the relief which the President says is so urgent is to cut Into the appropriations for the army and nm'y. and unless we ran cut something out of tbeso two Items there is no way to give the re lief that is so necessary to the welfare of the people of tho United States." That is the A B C of situation which Senator Borah says the President knows to be serious. Is the President facing or funking it? The answer is that th President's influence has sidetracked a plan by which the three chief naval powers of the world wrc to be brought into im mediate conference on the questipn of reducing naval armaments; and that he has rejected this straightforward, practicable programme for a vague scheme of inviting al1 nations to discuss all kinds of disarmament a scheme which means on the face of it indefinitercss and delay. That is the difference between the Borah amend ment and the kind of resolution the House is ex pected to substitute for it because the President does not want disarmament to get to the point of dis arming. Meanwhile, the Senate appropriation of close to $500,000,000 for the navy is to stand if the House can be made to swallow the' $98,000,000 addition to its own appropriation for the same purpose, and taxpayers who were hoping for some concrete re duction of armament costs will have to be satisfied with President Harding's past eloquence in deploring a situation lie does nothing to remedy. Not only is the United States to set no example in naval disarming but .it is actually to discourage the disarmament movement among nations in gen eral by keeping its own naval building programme on an increasingly formidable and disturbing plan; of costliness. This appears to be President Harding's present policy a; to disarmament and those "crushing bur dens of military and naval establishments" about whicii he made promises to taxpayers in his in augural address. If the President is as cognizant of the sitiration as Senator Borah believes, h must be cognizant also of predictions now freely made mat instead of $4,000,000,000 to meet expenses for the fiscal year, as estimated by Secretary of the Treasury Mellon, at least $6,000,000,000 must be forthcoming to cover appropriations of Congress. How would a new Government loan of $2,000,000,000. be certain to strike a country that has heard so much economy pledged and preached by an Administration which refuses to lift a hand to cut armament costs? Is the President cognizant of that? Again, as la usual, Chicago's election was ac companied by violence such as New York once had. How long will It be before an organization such as tho Honest Ballot Association, backed by a healthy publlc'oplnlon, will put a stop to or ganized riot at the polls? Chicago Is big enough to grow up. "Saying- It With Flowers" Coirrlrfil. 1021. t, Ths Pnm I'ubllMtilni Co. Ifb w Ycrk t:t.iln2 World, i By John Cassel Women of The Bible By Rc. Thomas B. Gregory CopjrlaM. l2l,br Hie Ptm PuMUMnxOo. rn Nbw Yorli Ktmkit World). THE LAST TTORD. I From the Philadelphia Ledger.) What Is the last word in the English tongue? The compilers of the monumental dictionary begun In 1884 by Murray and the English Philological Society lkive decided that for the present, at any rate, it Is "zyxt." Tills, it seems, Is a Kentish dialect word com ing down from the fourteenth century, and It means "secst." The dictionary goes back to 1200 A. D. You never can tell what the scientists will do to a language. Whenever there Is a new science or when there are new phases of an bid sclenco a family of un familiar words clamors for admission to tho word books. For a long time the lexicographers were con tent to quit and be paid off when they had reached a group of terms such as "zymology" and "zymurgy" that have to do with the science of fermentation. tfhen along came somebody with a genus of Indian dragon-fly as a claimant for ilnal honors, and all the other words In the dictionary had to rise in place nnu mano oDeisance before the brilliant Intruder zyxomma. Now that the Oxford phllologians have made thl hitherto conclusive Insect bite the dust, there will be 1 struggles of various arts and sciences to go the archaic I Kentish interloper one better. What business has the ' fourteenth century to como "horning in" on the twen tieth, anyway? How can we hope to Jazz up tho Ian guage to suit the napper and the tired business man if wo have to hark back to the obsolescent locution of the century of Geoffrey Chaucer? "Zyxt" Is a heathen word, anyway, it Is no word nt to bring up the rear of a long and glittering cavalcade of language. It is a poor fish to bring up from the bottom of n well of English undefined. It sounds like the preliminary hiss of a bottle of ginger ale. Such a word has no right to x-iyt, . From Evening World leaders What kind of a letter do you find most readable t Isn't it the one that give you the worth of a thousand wordt in a couple of hundred Thtre it fine mental exercise and a lot of satisfaction in trying la tan much in a feus words. Take time to be brief. "Ho nullylam." To tfco Editor of Itw Ermine World H. Walters wants to know how long It has been a rule to bully our Gov ernment to pass ropeal laws. Let It bo known that this Fourth of water could not do. Weie these beer drinkers devil worshippers too? Where do we "shamo the traditions of our forefathers" when wo protest a law not wanted by the majority and only by fanatics? ouoscnoer continues. -Anynnji July parado hoan't the slightest ves- dn',aPRtltam ould" like Kcri "ft ' Vi'Jti1110! Svge.Snts1eemsWqu!:,er To pu? thlaln ..... ,,. ..u.-, t,(1 Icttpr but nevertheless "Sub narado will be composed of real, rod- o.iv,,. i . ; iirt.an blooded Americans who do not have Xmcrican3 protest a law by parading ' uou nunjug lavuu "- on tno street and ask ror a license io stead or Anderson have tried. 1 hold thn naradc thero Is little fear of Its aim IS for the Unrevised Const!- , thnm tmirhlno r nhlMlnp thn flair of tutlon of tho United States, whloh their beloved country that stands for reads, "Life, liberty and pursuit of liberty, the thlnir thev are tryincr to happiness," without the aid of official keep tho traditions of their fore casters, created oy tno Aiuiion-uage fathers. As for "liquor men being iiohinu this." I would like to ask, Has "Sub Ecrlber" any proof? Could not these protestors of Prohibition put up a like cry and flay "the Boft drink Indus try was behind Volstead nnd the men who overrode ox-President Wilson's veto of the Prohibition Amendment?" What rot for a person to write or ut ter. A good American protests a law, not by throwing mud or accusing some outside source buti shows his disapproval through the ballot on Election Day, petitions, public meet ings, parades and the like. "Sub icrlbcr" mentions July 4 thus, "That day of all days celebrating religious freedom, the right to worship God." it Is not onlv a celebration of rcllcious ifroedom, but Is plso a day marked In Ui'story where a poopie can navo per ianal freedom ns well. "Subscriber" may not Know mat me ueciarauon oi jr.uopenuence reaas in pari n nn ows:"We hold these truths to bo self evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable tights, that nmong these are ire, LIBERTY and tho pursuit or uappi pess. " If we are to live up to the traditions rf our forefathers, fnnntlcs or any body else won t interfere with our personal rights The "Women In tho l arade" are protesting In the cause of Personal Liberty In n good Ameri can way. UUlJtSKT K. 11 A Llj. act. As for comparing this parade with a red nag, do you recall tho prepared ness parade? Was there any law pusscd at that tlmo that stated It should be held? No, ant furthermore, this epistle Is wrttten by one veteran who has not any "Isms" or does not caro for any. Wo havo weighed tho motive and know that we are about to deprive you and your Puritanical associates, tho antl-saloonatlcs, of soft berths and useless positions, that tho already overburdened taxpayers of this city may some day be able to make both snda meet. JIM LBN N IE. Richmond Hill, L. I., June 4. Brnrbca at Brighton. To the mitor oi Tt Errnkn World: Recently I visited Brighton Beach, and to my amazement found all tho benches removed from the boardwalk and In front of tho hotel. Tho end was boarded up with a sign, "23c. ad mission." Things are coming to a pretty pass when tho people, who can't afford cars arc denied the priv ilege of a Beat on tho boardwalk. ' What's the reason? BILLY MITCHELL. Urooklyn, June 3. Womrn In tlir I'tnilr, to the Kditor of The Kitnlm World : I would like to comment on "Wo men In the Parade," signed by "A Subscriber," which appeared It. Th Evening World of Juno 3. "Subscriber" undoubtedly Is a Pro hibitionist, the wuy tho letter reads. But Is somewhat of a humorist also, Because an American citizen wish ta to show her protest to a law which deprives her of a personal lib erty is no reason to brand her as "degraded nnu lost to everyimng tnat Is good and true ana pure," as "Muu scrlber" docs, "Subscriber" further states that "they seek to desecrate and show that they want liberty to worship the devil." What a thlwr for a person to write) Becauso a personal liberty has been taken away irom me people who were not heavy annKors or drunk ards does not necessarily mean that thev wore devil worah ppers. Un doubtedly "Subscriber" never worked In n stoel mill or as a laborer on the street on a hot summer's day, when a glass or beer give the worker new strength and quenched his thirst and put pew vitality In his system which Itf-nt Mut Conir Down. To tl Kditor oJTlic Ktcnlni World: Before we can buy even of tho necessities of life as we would like to buy, rents must come down. Tho biggest hogs on God's earth are some of tho landlords. Wo arc a fam ily of" four ono man's earnings to supply all our needs and wo will not buy except what wo positively need until rents In Now York City como down. There are many worso off than we are. L. F. S. Now York, Juno 3, 1921. "From the Wlr," To tfct Editor of Tba Errnhu World: I look forward with Interest, to reading tho choice selections of prov erbs "From tho Wlso" which appear a fow times a week. I consider them excellent and am sure there are oth ers who enjoy reading them as much as I do and who would welcome their appcaranco each evening. JENNIE GLABER. New -York. June .!, 121. UNCOMMON SENSE By John Blake (Con-rigU, 1921. by Jokn DllU.) LETTING THE BOSS DO YOUR WORK. By laziness, p ocrastination or by pretending to be stupider than you are, you can get quite a good deal of your work done for you for a while. If the man above you is quick and competent he will frequently get so disgusted with you that lie will snatch a job out of your hands and do it himself. No competent executive will do that, but you can count all the competent executives of your acquaintances on the fingers on one hand. It will save you a good deal of trouble to have the hard job taken away from you. You can devote your time to doing the easy jobs at your leisure nnd in your own way. You will probably congratulate yourself on having a boss that is so skilful so much abler than you that he can do all the hard work. But the congratulation will be short-lived. In about n year's time you-will discoyer that you enn't do anything but the easy jobs which arc the poorly paid ones because you never gave your mind any exercise doing the hard ones. (A11 the opportunities for growth nnd fo'r progress were in those jobs that were taken out of your hands. Maybe the boss who took 'em away from you didn't need the mental exercise, but the point is that he got it and you didn't. By Iftting him take it away you got just as much out of the game as a ball player would whose captain played his po rtion every time there wns a critical stage in the game. No matter what kind of work you hnve, a time is com ing when it is going to become suddenly difficult. The im portance ofn certain task will increase tremendously owing to unexpected circumstances. , That is the time that is going to tnke your measure. If you tackle that harder job and go through with it the chances are. that you will do it well. It is presumed that you have the training. If you stund aside and let the man above you step in you might ns well make up your mind that you arc going to w ork for the same or less wages for the rest of your days. For you have repudiated the chance to grow. You have prod yourself a coward. Some day we may write about the boss who deprives .himself of competent help by insisting on doing everybody's work for thehi. But to-day we nre writing about you. If you are in the hubit of standing back and asking for assistance every time an unusually hard jobtfomes along, get out of it. You will become an assistance-asker all your life. Assistance-nskers sometimes get assistance, but they never get responsibility or good pay or respect or anything else Hint makes life worth the while. NO. 14 MARY MAGDALENE, THE HERALD OF THE RESURREC TION. The most Illustrious of iromen th most Illustrious of human kind waa Mary Magdalene, the Herald of tho Resurrection. To her was given the mission that had never before been given to man or; woman and that can never b repeated througn all the ages to come. She did her work so well that It will never need to be done over again, and she did It all alone. In her soul burned the deathless, unconquorablo love, and that lovo It was that tri umphed over tho work of the High Priest and the Procurator and brought forth ihcr Master from tho tomb allva again, grandly victorious over tho King of Terrors! Sco Mark xvl., 9, and John xz, 11-19, for the character of the debt that mankind owes this -wonderful woman, but for whom, it Is moro thaa probable, tho Christian religion would have speedily porished from the earth. Listen to this, the most amazlns statement ever made by mortal to mortals (John xx, 11-19): "Mary waa . standing without at the tomb weep ing; so, as she wopt, she stooped and looked Into tho tomb, and she behold eth two angels In white sitting, on at the head and one at tho feet, whora the body of Jesus hud lain. And they say unto her, 'Woman, why weepeat thou?" And she said unto them, "Be cause they have taken away my Lord, and I know not where they havo laid Hlra.' When sho had thus said, aha turned around and beheld Jesus but knew not that. It was Jesus. Jesus said unto her, 'Woman, why weepest thou? Whom' scekest thou?' She, supposing him to bo tho gardener, said unto him, 'Sir, if thou hast borno Hlni hence, tell mo whero thou hast laid Him, and I will take Him away.' Jesus said unto her, 'Mary.' Sha turned herself and said unto 11! in la Hebrew, Mlabbonc," which Is to say Teacher. Jesus' said to her, 'Touch mo not, for I am not yet ascended to the Father, but go unto my brethren and say to them, I ascend unto my Father and your Father ana to my God and your God.' Mary Magdalene cometh and tclleth tho disciples: 'I havo seen tho Lord.' and that he had said these things unto her." There It lsl twenty centuries alter Mary Magdalene gave It to tho world and as It Is to-day so will it be for twenty centuries to come. Tno woman wun tno eternal, un compromising love In her soul looked Into the tomb and kept on looking until sho saw her Lord olive again, victorious over tho thing that men call Death. LOVE can seo where all else Is stone bund, and, visualizing nor Dear Friend, Mary rushed away from the tomb crying out from the depths of her affection. "HE IS RISBNI- and the great Festival of the Resur rection, and along with It the Chris tian religion, were secure for all time. But for that one woman with tho love that "belloveth all things" and that "never falleth," the divine dream of tho most irifted of all tho sons of God might have faded away like tho crimson and gold of the sunset, nut the woman would not have It so; hor love would not consent to tho death of the Beautiful One. He Is risen! He has conquered Death and lives forever with God! Ten-Minute Studies of New York City Government From the Wise Relfwade men arc most always apt to be a little too proud of the job. H. R. Shaw. 'The prbper confidant of a girl Is her father. What she is not in cllvrd to tell her father should be -told to no one and, in nine cases out of ten, not thought of by herself. Ruskln. Time is the greatest of all tyrants; as we go on toward age, he taxes our health, limbs, facul ties, strength and features. J. Foster. The promised land is the land where one it not, AmJel. OowrltM, 121 , lv Um I'm riibtlafcln Co, (Tin Now York Brantnc Wortd.) By Willis Brooks Hawkins. This is the seventy-fourth article of a series dcnnlnp the duties of the administrative and legislative officers and boards of the New York City Government. BOARD OF STANDARDS AND APPEALS. When, In 1916, tho Legislature trans ferred exclusive Jurisdiction over building construction to tho Borough Superintendents of Buildings It also created the Board of Standards and Appeals and the Board of Appeals to adjust differences that might arise between different departments having jurisdiction over buildings and to con sider possible variations from the strict requirements of the law. The Board of Standards and Ap peals consists of thirteen members, of whom six are appointed by tho Mayor, tho others being the Flra Commissioner, tho Chief of the Uni formed Force of the Fire Department and tho Ave Borough Superintendents ot Buildings. Ono of tho appointed members, who must be an architect or structural engineer of at leant fif teen years' experience, Is designated by tho Mayor as Chairman. Of tha other appointed members ono must bo an architect, ono a structural engi. neor and one a builder, each with at least ten years' experience as such. This board is empowered: (1) to test materials to toe used In building construction or equipment: (2) to 1n- fvcstlgato conditions relating to tb enforcement ot legal requirements af fecting buildings; (3) to make rulej for tho enforcement of these require ments; (4) to make rules for the en forcement of the Labor Law relating to the construction or alteration of buildings, plumbing, elevators, flra escapes and tire alarm syatcms; (5) to grant variations from the require ments of this law where practical difficulties exist, nnd (8) to recom mend legislation. The Board of Appeals, conaistlijj of the appointed members of tho Hoard of Standards and Appeals and tho Chief of the Uniformed Force of the Flro Department, is empowered to hear and dccldo appeals from i.ny order of a Superintendent of Build ings, tho Firo Commissioner or the Tenement House Commissioner in matters coming under tho Building Zone Resolution, or of the Labor De partment as affecting buildings, and to rovlcw any action of tho Board of Standards and Appeals. All decisions are published m a weekly bulletin Ifumod by the board. William E. Walsh (architect) Is Chairman of 'both boards. His salar7 ip j,i)uu ii year, oincr appointed mem bers receiving $10 per session. Tho offices of both boards are on the ninth Boor of the Municipal Building.