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"t-r nT-.-niTrrrtTBrrariiirneniiiiwiiMii i iijumui i, . in THE 'EVENING WORLD, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 17, -1921; nil i ii i iwwuiaip sw w in ! mm m im mm iw t r-r r . w.-ish IK ! MM ESTABLISHED BT JOSErit PLUlTZKn. foftllahed Dl!r EiCTOt Sunday br Tb Press l'ubllthlnr Company. Htm. S3 to 83 Park now. Now Yorlc HAWK PUUTZEn. President. 63 Park How. J. ANCWs SHAW. Treasurer. 63 Park How. . JOSEPH PtrtilTBEn Jr.. Secretary, 3 Park ltow. innrnzn or toe associated rnK?!. Tb AmcUttft Tnn U tidailrrl; tritium to th u tm rrpublleatloa f IS mi dnpatckti rrrdlttd to It or not ototrwln crtuilia U tau ptflt mad list Um local nnri publltbca brnla. A MEASURE OF THE CHANGE. BY a vote of 401 to 58 in the House of Commons and another of 166 to 47 in the House of Lords, the British Parliament rejected Unionist mendments to the address from the Throne on the Irish Treaty and thereby registered its over whelming approval of the proposed settlemcivt. What a change from former days when they brought sick and infirm' members from their beds to Parliament to vote against Home Rule! . What would even as late an Irish leader as John Redmond have said to such divisions in both Houses? The effect of these British majorities on Hie Dail should be greatly to help the treaty. Even the Ulster opposition may not have been without its use In giving representatives of the South of Ireland the sense of having won a victory over somebody. The Irish temperament needs a tang even in a friendly settlement. Leave tlw tang if it will make surer the peace. The House and Senate are likely to agree on one resolution at least. Christmas 1b coming and a holiday recess from Dec. 22 to Jan. 3 will be approved. R' THEIR ONLY HOPE. EPRESENTAT1VES of New Jersey munici palities met in Paterson Thursday evening to consider plans for new rapid transit facilities to de liver commuters direct to Manliattan instead of breaking the trip by ferry passage or crowding into ltube trains. This is a matter of interest to Manhattan as well ts to the New Jerseyites, but if we are to judge by Mayor, Hylan's attitude toward port development, there is small likelihood that the New Jersey plan will meet with anything except obstruction. If the New Jerseyites actually w.lnt to get action and a helping hand from New York City it looks as If they would have to petition Congress and the State Legislatures of New York and New Jersey for Incorporation into the City of New York. If the people of Newark, Paterson, Jersey City and Hoboken were New York voters, we should find the Mayor of New York and the Board of Estimate solicitous of the interests of the New Jersey towns as well as of Staten Island. If Newark were a part of New York, the Port . Authority would not be such a menace and Newark Bay would rank with Jamaica Bay in the consid eration of municipal officials. A new cloture measure has been introduced In the Senate. Senators will talk a long while before renouncing the priviloge of talking as long as they want to. Another proposal would require Senators to stick to the 'point in their discussions. That. is, if anything, more hope less yet TOO LATE TO CATCH UP. THE South Carolina convict who has spent 30 years in prison is probably right in preferring to stay on. He is an old man and too far behind the times to catch up with the world as it is. The other day he was taken out for an airing and a saw his first automobile and his first motion pic tures. To the younger generation such a thing is almost inconceivable. To the elders it will come as a reminder of the changes they have been permitted to witness. Those who have lived in the midst of the hurly burly and have experienced the troubles of the last Ihree decades may be inclined to complain. It is not bad to have an occasional reminder of the won ders achieved in the span of a lifetime. It is no exaggeration to say that the last thirty years have been the most wonderful in the history of Ihe world. It is good to have lived these years Instead of spending, them iri the medieval surround- 7 Ings of a prison. The end is not yet. Those who expect to live for 1 the next thirty years may. look forward with interest and anticipation. I PART OF THE LARGER SCHEME THE new thrift bonds issued by the Treasury fit into the present financial scheme. They praa&c'fo fit even better as America's new part in the international financial situation broadens. If the Federal Government is successful in float ing a quantity of these short time, small denomina tion bonds, States and municipalities will be tempted to follow the example. . 4a the next few years the investors and savers of j the United States will be asked to advance huge ''sums to provide working capital and long term ' credit in foreign countries. K the smaller and less experienced Investors can be induced to take over an increasing share of the i National debt, the more experienced holders of large foreign connections will have a larger supply of capital to- finance foreign credits. This is a development along the right lines. Small investors cannot have the knowledge on which to make advances abroad. In buying thrift bonds they take no risks of temporary depressions such as those from which the various issues of Liberty bonds have just emerged. They are safe and their invest ments may be converted into oasli plus interest wheneVer the need arises. In so far as these thrift bonds supersede issues of Treasury certificates they will free the surplus funds of the banks and large investors best able to loan money for financing productive enterprises at home and abroad. The prime advantage, of course, is the encourage ment of thrift. Every added bit of capital saved is a prop to the whole economic structure of the United States and, in a larger sense, of the world. ONLY RANCOR? AS his latest traction contribution .Mayor Hylan line to compete with the Fifth Avenue Coach Com pany and at the same time takes another whack at the Transit Commission: "The Transit Commission and the TracUon Trust papers hnvo started their propaganda against a system of automobile buses for the penpio of this city tit a G-cont fare. Their schemo appears to bo to allow tho traction interests to 'grab' tho bus franchlso privi leges and charge a 10-ccnt fare." It would hardly look otherwise to the Mayor. The idea that the Transit Commission might be making a business-like investigation of bus opera tion, including fares, finance and types of bus con struction, with a view to determining how buses can be utilized hi the larger transit plan, could not, of course, be entertained for a fraction of a second at the City Hall. Nobody has any right to discuss buses except under the tutelage of the Mayor, whose one dis coverable traction policy has been to crqwd in 5 cent buses wherever he thought they would make him popular. The problem of a unified traction system for the City of New York deserves a little better handling than that. The Transit Commission plan specifically in cludes: Dus lines noccssary to tho logical devel opment of tho unified system to bo created and allocated as feedors Where necessary or desirable, somo of the existing eurfaco lines may bo transformed into bus lines. Buses can't be started hit or miss with the sole aim of making a wholesale replacement of surface lines. At the same time there is no question, as The Evening World has frequently insisted, that buses are the handiest, most flexible means of, meeting cross-town and short haul surface traction needs in sections of Manhattan below 59th Street where street railways have gone from badto worse. With hs enthusiasm for buses, what a. pity the Mayor can't co-operate in a sane way with the Transit Commission at least until the alleged dire designs of the latter are disclosed. What a pity the Mayor can't appear before the commission at least as a neutral instead of as a bit ter enemy. Here is a matter the settlement of which is of vital, interest to five and a half million people. What a misfortune that the city can count on only inveterate suspicion and ingrowing political rancor from the man who should be its largest minded advocate and aid. Lockwood Committee revelations lndlcato the need of some form of continuing punishment which will grow moro and moro uncomfortable until it flually breaks the spirit of lawless labor leaders and lawloss members of con tracting rings. A plump business woman who uses the new Interborough turnstiles several times every day calls them "Hedloy's Subway Spanking Machines." "They help ono out," sho says. TWICE OVERS. I I, Beginning to See His Way Out CccrrUM. 1021. CSrr Yort mnnt World) bT IIW Pub. Oo. By John Cassel TURNING THE PAGES . 01. OStWH OororUM. lMt, r I'm hM l a .-ir iorn tibm woiw. 1 W" . n. .A From Evening World Readers ' , sM- Whmt kind of letter do you find moat readable? Isn't it the' on that grrea the worth of a thousand words in a couple of hundred? There is fine mental exercise and a lot of satisfaction in ttjiai t eW enuch in few words. Take time to be brief. i ( rTHE Exchange (Chicago egg matel) sells more 1 eggs in fortyjice minutes than all the hens in America could lay In a year." Ray E. Lane. ( rTHE test of generosity Isn't what you glee, hut 1 what you've got left." Job Hedges. til AM proud to regard myself as a comrade of all 1 the men of the expeditionary forces." Woodrow Wilson to Rainbow Division Veterans. HAVE been in this prison more than a quarter of a century. The world Is thirty years ahead of me.' live and die here." Dan "A I.oit ami llnrled Caaaet" To tie Editor at Tt Dreolm Vortd : I havo Just laid down Tho Evening World. I have read it for the last ten or twelve years, usually with in terest If not conviction, and some times with amusement. - For tho last two years it has amused mo to see your dally kicks against tho .pricks of Prohibition. I confess In this case to a pretty crude aenso of humor because It probably Is about on a par with tho man who will roar with laughter at the sluht of a simple fellow violently kicking tho liat that covers a cobblestone. But I am afraid now tho element of humor of this type to be derived from your columns is exhausted. I am deploring Instead the spectablo of a (treat newsDaDcr with all Its In fluence, actual or potential, ridicul ing, deriding, minimizing and actually advising defiance of tho laws and law agents of tho country. Disregarding tho merits or de merits of tho Eighteenth Amendment nnd tho subsequent enforcement leg islation, luw is law, enacted by a clear and sane majority of the voters of tho Unlte.d States. Tho constant repetition of the assertion that Pro hibition has been forced on an un willing nation, I am sure you will agreo Is too silly to discuss. Can you then, bv any course of reasoning, Justify yeurself as an os tensibly American institution, ex isting under the protection of Amer ican laws, obtaining all your pros perity under the charter of American principles or ooeoienco to ana rcapeci for law, in your open and consistent encouragement of law violation? Aren't you, in fact. Inciting to an archy? Isn't that tho loglcaJ end of your attitude u an your reaaers ioi lowed your suggestions? Hero Is a great moral question, mo tine of alcohol for beverage purposes. Why can't you encourage morality, even If It Is at tho expense of your sense of personal pleasure or per sonal liberty? Isn't tbcro Just as much reason for you to TUbllsh ad vice on tho most successful method to make or obtain a narcotic drug as to tmbllsh somo of the eturr that ap pears in vour paes with reference to booro? Personally I can't see a bit of difference. If no other thougnt appeals to you. r should th nk tho olaln tact tnat you aro fighting for a lost and burled cause would dawn on you eventually, and m.ivbo when that day comes you will line up for law enforcement whether you personally like tho law Or not. IV. 4. iiminww. New York, Dec. 15, 1921. tho United States (probablj because ho was not of Irish origin); With tho Pollco Department of New York denying the right, of as semblage, assprovided In tho Constitu tion, to an association which had not broken the law, at the behest of Mgr. Dlneen of St Patrick's Cathedral; With Alderman W. P. Quinn intro ducing resolutions calling upon the Secretary of State to ask the British Government what it intends to do about liquidating the bonds the Sinn Pelncrs floated In this country; With Mayor Hylan prominently Identifying himself with and helping to advertise William H. Hearst, whose conduct during the recent war neces sitated a Senatorial Investigation; Why does tho City of New York sutler the flag of the Republic of the United States to fly over its City Hall? JAMBS F. RfACAULEY; "I It Is belter for me that I t-of South Carolina. Itrpnnalll1IUr. To the Editor of Ttw Ewmlni WorM : Tbo exquisite abandon with which some people regard their responsi bilities is amusing to those who can recognize a Joke. For example, a married couple write to a morning paper as follows: "Lt those who cntor matrimonv llvo faithfully to tho rcsponslbllltcs they have assumed and let the State provide for tho children whose Bar ents are unable financially to Support mem. O sancta slmnllcltasl Hero in a question that some day will con found tho world's ablest statesmen settled 'by the improvident actors thsauelvcs as easily as rolling off a log. T. E. W. New York, Dec. 16. 1921. An Involve Qnrntlon. Tb tfc Kditor of TC Evcnlne World With Secretary Oallnghor of tho Plasterers' Union admitting his or ganlzation fined American citizens employed In Now York for working on St. Patrick's Day; Wltti tho historian of Fordham University, ably assisted by several gentlemen whoso names savor of Irish ancestry, seeking to change American history as now taught 4n tho public schools, permitting tho in troductlon of evidence that Wash Ington was not the first President of An Oliacnre llr. To the Editor of Ttm lnin World : In answer to "W.'J.'s" question ns to tho meaning of the "as." in legal papers, I would say that its meaning and etymology is not obscure. "Ss." is an abbreviation for the Latin "scilicet," which Is a contrac tion of "sciro licet," literally trans lated, "It is permitted to know." The accepted free translation la "to wit Tho only obscure question relative to "ss." is tho reason for its con tlnued ubo. W. A. S. New York, Dec. 16, 1921. Another Drdnltlnn. To tjhe Editor of Th Erenlni World: After reudlng the "Soakum Sarah" letter I wonder if "W. J." has been enlightened ns to the meaning of: "City of New York, County of New York. State of New York, ss.?1 If not, perhaps his curiosity maybe satisfied by the following definition which I havo tuken from an old book which contains a list of law terms, quotations, phrases, &c, from tne iaiin, t'rencn, ureeK, ace; Ss. Scilicet: that Is to say." A number of years ago I heard the samo question nsKcd by several at tornrys mid at tho Mmo nono of their fellow members of the bar could an .twer. They simply acknowledged that they did not Know. In uny event, "V. J." may wish to add this to tho several definitions he already has. U M. it. UNCOMMON SENSE By JoKn Blake (Copjrrltbl, l21.-tr John Blik.) AS TO BACKGROUNDS. "Upslart" is a word applied usually to a man who ac- complishes something by people who cannot accomplish anything. Most men who suddenly rise to important positions are called upstarts by people who can never rise at all. It is common to any that a person whose parents were poor, nnd whose ancestors never were mentioned by histor ians has no "background " The upstart has no background. He has no ancestry of which to boast. He cannot point to a grandfather who organized n big corporation, or another who was a United States Senator or a Justice of the Supreme Court. Sometimes, if he has risen in a hurry, he even makes a slip in grammar, or displays ignorance of which fork to select for the oysters when he is invited out to dinner. His case is really deplorable. But the people who usually deplore it are people who have backgrounds nnd nothing else. The trouble with a background is that it is painted on the past, and the past, unfortunately, is unable to do much to help us in the present. Abraham Lincoln had no background. Neither did Na poleon Bonaparte. The background of David Lloyd George is a little Welsh shoemaking shop, where the relative that brought him up taught him to take off his hat to fat, self-important squires who now, were they alive, would be glad enough to take off their hats to him. If a background were necessary to achievement there would be very little achievement. As a matter of fact, the man without a background is more likely to make a stir in the world than the man with one. The man with tJic background lives on the prominence It gives hiin. Seldom does he make the effort to get some where on his own account. If he does, he is really deserving of more credit than our much abused friend the upstart. You can afford to be called an upstart ifyou are a suc cess. You can afford to be without a background if you substitute for it the prominence'that comes with something accomplished. There are few backgrounds; not nearly enough to go 'round. Most of us must start without them, and the lack is not going to be any handicap whatever. he From the Wise Women bestow on friendship only what they borrow from love. Chamfort. Though the rose grows on a thorn, it does not thereby lose its pferume. Itabbl Santob. The man who is most slow in promising is most sure to keep his word. Rousseau. He that will lose his friend for a jest deserves to die a beggar, T. Fuller. - As the Saying Is "ALL TALK AND NO CIDER." An American colloquialism which finds Its English equivalent in the proverb "Much cry and llttlo wool." This phrase originated at a party In Bucks County, Pennsylvania, which had assembled to drink a barrel of superior cider, but, politics being in troduccd, speeches were made and discussion ensued till some malcon tents withdrew on the plea that It was a traD Into which they had been lured, politics nnd not pleasure being the purpose of the meeting, or, ns they called it, "all talk and no cider,' 7W.V old Grimes died, he, a son The graft of tvorthu tocj In deed and tcord he shows himself J A chip of the old htock. In youth, 'Us said, he liked not jenon' Of tasks he was no lover; He wrote sums in a ciphering look, Which had a pasTcboard cover Youno Qrimcs ne'er went to slc th girls Before he was fourteen; A'or smoked, nor swore, for that knew (Save Mrs. Grimes much pain, lie iicfcr K-aj cxfratapaiit in picanurc, ores, or ooaru; .it six and eight a yard. Bccauso It Is not likely that any one will guess who wrote these lines.; we will mention right away mat vv.1.1 W'nlt Whitman. They are found in Prof. Emory Holj 'loway s "T ho Uncollcctca J'octry anq Prose of Walt Whitman" (DoutolcdayJ Puce & Company), nnd they wer written in 1839. when Whitman w twenty. . . The Illch Man's Dny in Song - In his book of essays. "Tho Crc Nest" (Knonf). and In the paper They Go Hiding By," Clarenco Dn Jr. says: Soma dnv when nnr modern tyrws ' of capitalists aro extinct. In their. 9 turn, will future nocta Mrur of their i fine deeds and make young readers) dream? Our capitalists are not popular Inlj thcte days, but the knights woren'il In the!r. and whenever abuse grows! extreme a reaction wilivionow. Our critics and reformers think they wilt bo tho heroes of song, ImS do we sins of critics wno uvea in thp ntrra nf chivalry? It Is tho knights wo romomber andl idealize, even old Ktont-de-Bocuf.fl They were doers and tho men ot the futuro will Idealize ours. Our urcdatory Interests will seem to' them gallant and stronp. In this vision of how they may live? in tho Dootry of tho future Wo suppose tho "Interests" will find solace for a present in blankctyblan) verse- the Queen lVliy Not Mary .lanel--- Florence Guy AVoolston meditate thus. In the New Republic, on a pos slblc extension of tho privileges her sex: Albertlsm begins with a man s J right to be wooed. In royal circles! tnKj lias always been conceded. A queen docs not have to hangj back modestly, Offering only sucnl gifts as books, flowers and an occa-7 sional box of candy. After she husj cast an appraising eye over the 5 whole masculine world, she sa)j. "I'll take this one." and sho does. If, as the French sociologist Tardoj says, customs pass down from then nigner to tne tower wanes or iiie the privileges always accorded to . queens may ultimately be granted to Mary and Jans. Of couroe there must be. In fact wo know there are, many men in ; the world too timid to take the , initiative In muting, men who would . gladly bo wooed but who haven't i the egotism or courage to do it for memseivcs. 1 What a relief for them to wait I quietly, knowing that some day a j woman will come to them and say, lou arc mine: An amendment produced the clcci tlvo feminist; how simple, by ihn prefixing of a single letter "s to render her also selective. Love Her Not Too Jluch. ... Two stanzas from a little room or "Beauty," found in "Nets to Catclil the Wind" (Harcourt, Brace & Co.) a book of verse by Elinor 'Wylle: Hay not of Beauty she is good, Or aught tut beautiful. Or sleek to doves' icings of the wood Her wild iri n as of a null. Call her nor necked ; that word's te Consumes her like- a curse, hut love her not too much, too mych. The Simple Prohibited Life.- Turn a page ot Harold Stear "America and the Young Intelle tual" (Doran) and read this: In plain truth, the whole coun try Is engulfed In a flood of petty regulations of all kinds, una enw-fl jretlc organizations devoted to thee task of meddling with everything'! ana seeing inai everyDoay ia u.i dull and stupid as themselves, to J day hold the whip hand. The Eighteenth Amendment bnt a symbol of the times. Itl stands, in fact, for the prohibition! What we Americans are lnsanel trying to dn Is to make our civili zation fool-proof. The chances! nre u cannot tie acme, yet m so far as we succeed, we shall dls! cover that we are making it srenJ luawnrfvnf An waII i And in the twentieth centurjrj America, me cnances are Decomi ing slimmer and slimmer evcry.1 day or leading any other Kind or: life than the monotonous minor! Ity-mled, unimaginative exlsM ence of the great average. Ynnth is rraduallv Atvakenlne tb this dreary fact and Is prop, crly rosentfuL A What well may worry the reirfltt tors tne everlasting family of it is the fact that In a proper sentment re the essential elomenfc of reaction, AntMVar nnd Unemployment.' Referring In tho Illustrated Lonfl News to the argument that abolltlbni of war will throw out of work makers of guns and munitions, Chesterton says: I do not know whether ani wood-cutters were thrown out work when people abandoned thi practice nf burning witches; tmf It Is clear that people could not go on burning witches merely tl give employment to wooa-cui tors. I do not know whether ther was a convulsion In the mark when the manufacturers of rack ceased to have orders from te Government: but It Is clear tt the Government could not DU some people on the rack meres tn avoid putting other people the rates. I do not know If the thou screw factories presented a fai uken and desolate appearanl when all their hrlgnt and bus machinery had been abandon! but It Is clear that we could nl In logic maintain the BpanM t Inquisition merely uecayse cave emnlovment tn a lar numbor if Industrious torturer and defervtnc executioners. The Industrial argument for war, so to speak, Is reduced thus, by the r-.-xtf.-t(.r.in logic, to a poisonous!) caseous its. to. vifri tF"'siii ' ' T 'ITT - ' T if nr ami '