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THE (.EVENING WORLD, WEDNESDAY, FEB BXJ A BY 22 ,1922. v te , I f ' ' " s I .';'" !'" ( II 1 is:, i ! E8TABTJSrrKD 11T J03EW1 FUUTZEn. I MUCfetd Dilr Except Baodiy br Th Prus Publlthlac I Cempany. M. S3 to e Puk ttnr. New Tork. L IULTH PUUTZBH. PrtlJnt, 8 rrk How. W 3. ANGUS SHAW. TrJurcr. 83 Pixk now. JOSEPH PUIiTTSER Jr., Secretary. A3 rk now. unarm or tut. issocuren rntss. tt AuodiUd Pren U urtoilrtlr tctliltd to tb s for npnbUcttlen tj & am flMpattatg tniluA to It cr not oUwrwtw crtdlu la tab papu Ht aUo t local nmt pnbUitud btrtia. THE ROMA DISASTER. RUDDER control not up to the strength of the driving motors is the latest explanation ad vanced for the downward plunge of the ill-fated Roma. i Explosion of the 1,200,000 cubic feet of inflam mable hydrogen gas in the big ship when her metal nose came in confsct with high tension electric power wires near the earth completed the catastrophe. Thirty-four more lives facrificed in the develop ment of the lighter-than-air vessel of aeronautics. It was only last August that forty-three men, Americans and Britons, were killed when the new British-built R-38 broke in two and burst into flames over the River Humber at Hull, England. Helium gas is not inflammable. If the Roma and the R-38 had been filled with helium the risk and loss of life would in both cases have been less. Helium has L'ten successfully tested in smaller alrcrift. Why is it not made in quantities available for the bigger ships? Also rudder control and motors can be tested under conditions which minimize risk instead of multiplying it. It is impossible not to feel that men's lives-are still valued too lightly as an element in the experi ments Vy which this branch of aviation is being pushed forward. More safety, even if less .speed. What do the anti-League professional IrlBh think of their late blood-brother In hato, Col. Harvey, who now expresses affection or Britain and "Bloody Balfour"? BIG INCOMES. IN 1914 the number of taxpayers in the United States with taxable incomes of more than 5200,000 numbered 753. In 1916". the figure had risen to 2,449. The 1919 report for these upper groups brings the number down to 1,451. j Congress needs to know more of the 'meaning of these figures. In the years 1918 and 1919 the big slump in business had not- materialized. How did it happen that the income returns had fallen off to such an extent in the higher groups when . the totals W the lower groups continued to increase? It happens that the slump in the returns from (he higher brackets came in the two years 1918 and 1919 Immediately after the United States had marketed approximately g20,ooo,ooo,ooo in tax exempt Government bonds. " It is not fair to brand large investors in tax-free Government bonds as tax-dodgers. The fault is not theirs. It lies with the Government. Nevertheless, the question remains: Is it either good business or fair to other taxpayers to leave this loophole for the wealthiest individuals to escape from Federal taxation? COAL MINERS' WAGES. THIS country is headed straight for trouble in the coal fields. The miners have made it worse by demanding "the six-hour day and the' five-day week..' It is a crazy demand, because jt Is misunderstood and arouses the needless opposi tion of those who do not know what the miners mean. Factors more fundamental fhan wild phrases un derlie the coal situation. Too marty men are employed as coal miners. There is not enough work to keep them busy all the time. Irregular employment makes the wage question more acute. Irregular employment means that weekly wag have not much relation to the expense of provid ing for a family. Twenty weeks' work, even at high wages, may mean only a small family income. If the miners could be guaranteed steady em ployment, they ctfuld afford to work for smaller weekly wages. If it were possible to require the mine operator to pay forty-four or forty-eight pay checks a year to steady employees, wages could be lowered permanently. Regularity of employment and seniority in em ployment and lay-offs is what makes railroading a popular occupation. Once a railroad man 3ias grad uated from the "extra list," he is fairly sure of regular income. If a regular payroll were made a business obli gation in coal mines, it would help to regulate the supply of coal. Operators would have to look ahead and determine how much coal to produce In a year and employ only enough men to produce that amount. This would drive thousands of miners to other kinds of work. The "extra hands" employed only for short seasons of special demand might receive higher pay than the regulars. "Spot coal" would have to pay that price. Contract coal produced by regulars would be cheaper. This would automati cally force consumers to look ahead and anticipate their needs, to order in advance and so regulate demand. Anything of this sort is a truly "radical" pro posaL But. the state of our fuel supply demanob treatment which will go to ffie roots! of the trouble. In the fight to come Congress will probably be forced to intervene. It is time to consUerremedies and abandon stop-gap efforts. ' . ' THE A B C OF; IT; 1 IF THERE is to be a toldiers' bondb, $850,000,000 must be forthcoming In tfie first two years $425,000,000 a year. To raise such a sum of money bj new bond issues or by adding to present taxes I4r6uld dan- geTously overload the Nation and Its taxpayers. The only safe and practicable soured fe some new commodity upon which reasonable taxeswoutJ not be too great a burden. A tax of 20 cents a gallon on beer alone, if beer were legalized, would yield $600,000,000 a year, according to Representative Hill of Maryland, Ao figures on beer consumption in 1914, when bejr had to compete with whiskey and other distilled liquors. The sole present ban on beer is the1, ban put upon J it by Congress in a dishonest definilion.of the tenr. "intoxicating liquors," which is the- only, kind of liqilor the Eighteenth Amendment prohibits. Even the general counsel of - the Anti-Saloon League, testifying before the Judiciary Committees of the New Jersey Senate and Assembly in 1920, was forced to admit that the definitionof intoxi cating liquors contained in the act of Congress is false in that it prohibits beverages whiclare not intoxicating. v In amending .the Volstead act to permit Uid man ufacture and sale of beer and light wines, Congress would, therefore, have to repeal nothing but a Jie. At the same time Congress, .by such action, would effectively check the bootlegging evil, restotc respect for law and make it possible to pay a sol diers' bonus if soldiers' bonus there must be. Congress may not have honesty enough left to , take so simple, straightforward a view of the ' situation. But that is the A B C of it. Squeezing Out the Water! Copyright, 1022, (New York Evt nlng World) By Pre Tub. Co. By John Cassel GEORGE WASHINGTON, TESTATOR. GEORGE WASHINGTON'S opinions on pub lie affairs have played so large apart in th political thought of the country in recent years that we are almost in danger of losing sight of the sober common sense he displayed in his private affairs. The history of the Eno will case recall tfie con cluding paragraphs of Washington's will, hi which he provided for early and certain determination of any disputes which might arise. ',, 'Hie disputants were each to select a man known for probity and good understanding," ami these two to select a third: ' "Which three men thus cUoacn, shall. Un fettered by law or legal constructions, do claro their senso of tbo testator's intention; and such decision 1b, to all intents and pur poses, to be as binding on tbo parties as It It bad been given in tbo Supremo Court of tho United States." It is needless to say that lawyers will not r& ommend such a form to wealthy testators. If the will of every wealthy man included such a sensible provision, courts would be loth to declare the tes tator of unsound mind. Contestants couldn't rely on technicalities. Estates would not be squandered in litigation. ACHES AND PAINS A Disjointed Column by John Keetz n 1 1 1.1 l Col. Harvey always has an alibi handv. TWnr long bo will prove that wo novcr lit In tbo war. Tho pork-packers blunio tbo hog for tho high prlco of bacon. They say the animal doesn't produco enough per H to balance tbo low-priced rest of bis corpus. They say that peerless paladlu ot popular preju dices, William J. Bryan, has bis eyo on tho Senator nbtp from Florida. Carpet-bagging With J300,000,000 slicod off tba valuation of Now York's etreet rallwayu there should bo hopo for tho nickel. Senator Caldor says the people are against tho bonus. But whore O where la Colder? Right In tho middle of tho talk about a coal strike the thermometer hlkeB up to 60". We hope the weather is not bluffing. SABA, THE SEMTSTllESS. Or, Love In tho Sweatshop A Tale of Keir lorlr, (Continued.) CIIAFTEB II. "And," she further ruminated, "It would Lot ba eo bad if the boss would glf us thread enough to hDld tbo buttons on. Of what uso are buttons uiitout the threadr She had almost tsald It aloud. Luckily she had dot. Thread was a delicate subject iu the thop. But tons were plenty, but thread (To. Da Continued,) From Evening World Readers What kind ot letter do you find moat readable? Isn't it tho on fiaV 4raa the worth of a thousand words in a couple of hundred? ' yVioro'a fine tnent.il exercise and a lot of satisfaction in trying to ; y inuch in few wonls. Take time to bo brief. Jlany (I'rutt'ntPiI Then n Kuw. To the Editor of The livcnlne World: In all ot the urKUmciilrt ami coutiier hrgumentJ relative to Prohibition nail tho enforcement of the Volstead law ono fcuturo lias not Ixcn touched. Tho main argument advance! by 'hose eo strenuous In tl clr condem nation of the Prohibition Law in thu question of personal liberty arid the Iosh of indivlduul freedom which tho enforcement of tho Uv entails. , I can understand a man arguing airjlnst Uio law if ho sincerely admits ho mlHBea his drink, but tho urmiinont Involving personal liberty Is down right hypocrjsy. If tho question of personal liberty Is uppermost In their minds and is their Impelling reason for continued bowling about tba no- called lnjustlco of tho Volstead act. ,and if personal liberty per so aa lis- inct from their pcrsonu' lining for a rink la tbo bails of their opposi tion to the constitutional amendm ent, wlicro wero till these bowlors when real and pcrtinrnt questions of personal liberty wero under discus sion some months ago? Vlhcro wero these personal liberty howysra when the Espionago Bill waa enforced and under tho system of ter rorist and organized brutality carried on ly Palmer. Wilson's Attorney General, and Caffrcy, Wilson's np polntcY aa Federat District Attorney Jn Nety York? Personal liberty was tramplivl under foot, tho American Constitution violated, men committed to Jail without bail In violation of conBtltutkmaJ guarantees and numer ous other Injustices Inflicted contrary to the Arberlcan; Constitution. Why, the personal liberty advocated and howlers oer Prohibition wero meek, and Bavo their tat.1t assent to depriv ing Americans of their constitutional guarantees ot frco press, free speech apd rreo asseinoiane. If personal llDcnty per so 13 tno boiils of organized opposition to tho Volstead law ana a me impelling foivte behind tho rabid Antl-Prohlbl-tlorilsts, whero wero tbo defenders of persVmal liberty when Lusk Jammed throryjh the Legislature composed of hlcks'i and rural statesmen his so- called anti-scdltlon bills requiring school teachers to take a formal loy alty oafth, which Tho World. haa taken an active part in condemning, to cether with his other measures trampllnW tha rights of Americans under fo4t7 I wish fliey would explain why, they are meek and silent whim great con stitutional . questions uuch as frco speech aroithrcshed out to tho atls faction of itiral legislators and whori tho Amerlcjw Constitution Is torn to bits by men rlko Palmer and Lusk and Caftrey, and yet mako sucj a bowl and vociferous outcry when tu glass of beer or a slugof whiskey Is at slake Tho Prohibitionists uro actftig with diplomatic tact n uoiding this plume of tho dlscussloV. The Antl-Prohlbl. tlouists buvo got, J arguancntu) 1p U& I vnnce, but let them make their stand on sincero grounds and not hypo critical pretenses of being cwncurned over personal liberty when a glass ot whiskey is all that impels them to attack the constitutional amendment. SIDNEY SAPKHSTON. New York, Feb. IS, 1922. Temperate. To tho JJJIlor of The Evt-nlne WorM: I hopo F. J. A. read tbo letter in to-jay Issue by "Temperance." Maybe from that ho can find out what a small head he has. There is not much tu him or his insults. Suppose Edison did make tho statement ho credits to him. Does it necessarily follow becauso he did that all must do as'lio says? If the letter 13. J. A. claims you "suppressed" waa along I tho Bamc lines as the one you so kind ly publish for him to-day, I am not surprised at your action. I am strictly temperate, but I see no reason why If John and Peto do not agrco with me I should force them by corrupt legislation to swal low my views. Mora power to you and "your pen. ANOTHF.R "TF.MPEItANCE." Kingston, N. Y Feb. 18. Cnln In lleeliniiril on Iiivrntincnl. To tho Editor ot The livening World: Kindly allow mo to correct you In your unswer to A. J. in to-night's paper. If a man buys an article and sells It again for twice what ho paid for it ho makes CO per cent, on tho salo, the total amount of ;ale being divided thus, BO per cent, investment plU3 50 per cent, protit equals 100 per cent.. tho total amount. In order to make 100 per cent, ho would have to get tho urtlcle for nothing and nnythlng ho sold It for would bo 100 per cent. gain. If you wouia say that ho mado 100 per cent, on bis lncstment, then you would bo correct. JOSEPH A. SPAULDINQ. Brooklyn, Feb. 17. Wiimle.n "I," Cnra. To tho Editor of Tho Etnltis World; Last Friday evening I took a Ninth Avenuo Harlem express from Ucctor Street about 6.45 p. M, Tho last car was numbered between 100 and 200; tbo second last car was numbered 79. (I think), the third last car 800 and 'something. Now I do not expect the elevated railroad peoplo to replace the wholo present equipment with new cars, steel or otherwise, nt once. But thev could relcgato these old cars, espe cially in tno ursi iuo, to a central do sltion on tho trains and not aa end cars to - train. Had there been any collision with tho three antiquated cars on this train tho slaughter ouiu iiavo been awful. I do not cNpect tho road to do the impossible but tniu is a simple nmttei to icgulate. HAHUY BAB It Y. No, SOI West X13d Street, UNCOMMON SENSE By John Blake (CopKlelit, l'Jl-l. by John Ulake.) THE LAW OF THE HERD. Tliu Jaw of the herd may not uhvuya be rightecub, but it is safer to comply with it ab long as it is not absolutely op pressive. ( There is no statute which prevents you" front wearing bright reu trousers and a flowered silk dressing gown down to your work. But you will discover if you attempt it that it is not wise. To affect .to despise public opinion is merely foblish. It is net nceessnry to trucisle to it, or to rule our lives according to the passing ideas of the majority. But there urc some things, hardened into custom by long use, that wc must do or be ostracised. Fortunately most of the law of the human herd is just. And us civilization becomes more progressive each new statute that is addd is wiser and more weithy cf obe dience. In civilized countries the law of the herd compels man to be polite to woman, to be honest with each other, to be kind to children, and to confine ambitions to objects which can be honestly attained. The law is frequently violated, but there are punishments for the violators, and these punish ments arc frequently imposed. Blustering and boasting is against the present herd law, and the blusterer and boaster soon discovers that people walk away and leave him to do his boasting to himself. The open practice cf most forms of evil is not ap proved by the majority, who are quick to make the mun who follows them feel their displeasure. It is often suid that this law has suppressed genius and made progress impossible. But it hus more often suppressed what was merely pretension to genius and forced progress into surer and safer channels. The man who flagrantly and openly runs counter to settled public convictions upon any subject is merely handi capping himself. He must be a greater genius than any yet born into the world to get away with it. George Bernard Shaw preaches violations jof the law, yet no one more rigorously conforms to it, even in his writ ing. Compare, for example, the excellent, cjear prose of Shaw to the wild and fantastic verse forms of the futurists and you will understand what we mean. We may not believe in law, but we must abide by it, for it is the influence that steadies the' world. We may think that the herd is often wxong, asjt is, but if we try to run counter to it we suffer, and usually we suffer needlessly. MUSICAL CLASSICS How and Why They Were Written By AUGUSTUS PERRY CoTTiA!. l (Kw rrt EMh-: World?. 07 Pnm rublUhliw Co. holm. II tlo 06 $ l." lip an CartoflfHot Ver fcr' crowd IjW and ftt- gillo A cur)- Iflm No. IX. V E.R D "MASKED 'BALL'" Ono of Verdi's operaa, "Un Hallo In Mascbera," t"Tho Masked. Uail"), almost caused u revolution in Naples In 18S8. It was written around the assassination of Qustavus III., King of Swpdcn, who was shot in the back during a masked ball In Stockholm. il.arch 10, 1792. Tho original tltl tno work was "Gustavo the Third, was composed for tho carnival ot 18&8 and was to bo produced at the San Carlo Thcatro In Naples. On Jan. 14 of that year, Felice Oralnl, the Italian revorutlonlst, made his memorable nt "Pon.'he life ot Napoleon 111. Tho police deemed It dangerous to allow tho excitable Italians to aco ah opera Jvhlch showed the murder d a sovereign. Verdi was ordered io change his libretto. On hla refusal to do so the manager of the San Carlo --v- ...... lur xgu.uuu francs, became a hero. Knormnn. gathered under his windows and lowed him about the strt a , ous fact about hla nnmn I 1, .. , i i . . ., tut), iuu jjuirioiic significance. 'V. E. jj. i.. came to mean "Viva Vlttorl. r.manucle, Ro d'ltalla" ("Long LlvT Victor Emmanuel, Icing of Italy"). The Italian patriots desired a united Italy. Fresh impetus was given to the causo by -11118 event. At this stage Slgnor Jasovaccl. tho Koman Impresario, appeared and ar ranged with Verdi to produce the o . era at the Teatro Apollo In Home. Ho made an agreement with n. 'whereby the tltlo was changed to "Tho i Masked Hall" nnri drama removed to Boston. The first performance was given on Feb 18 1859. 'Opera-goers or that time wero' not much concerned about the cor rectness of tho libretto. MRbni tin ware unknown to the Now Englnndf of that period. 'Gustnvus' beeamA llicnan!,' Governor of IJoston. Mice most of the stories used by Verdi, fhla Is a tragic one. Gov. ' Itlchard loves Amelia, tbo wife of lila secretary, Relnhart. Amelia goes to the witch, Ulrica, for a magic herb, which will euro her of her passion for Richard. Whllo she Is convcrstnv I with the sorceress, the Governor comes to have his fortune told. See ing Amelia, ho conceals himself behind a curtain and ovcrheara her avowp' sft love. The witch tells her that sho'can find tho love cure only beneatH' th' gallows at midnight. She goes there, followed by Richard, who reveals him self. As they are speaking, Relnhait appears, seeking tho Governor, whom he wishes to warn of tho approach ' the conspirators who plot to assassi nate him. Richard tleclng. Intrusts the heavily veiled Amelia to Relnh.irt telling him to conduct tho woman wifely back to tho city and not try t-i discover her Identity. On tbo vi,v t tho city the two aro met by tho con sptrators who, whllo they mean iu harm, wish to find out who the Gov ernor's mistress is. They tear off nvr veil and Relnhart Is stupcMed to ueo his wife. In hia rago ut thy Uov.l nor's treachery bo decides to join the conspirators. At a masked ball a ! y, days later Relnhart stabs lllcl,i..! With his dying breath Richard ansu A ikcuuiui i ui mo innocence of Amelia Giuseppo Verdi, the "grand 1 man" of opcru, aa born In tho u lago of I.o Roncolo In Italy on O.-t i I 1813, His most famous operas ure ircvuiore, Travlala," "ULu- lotto," "Alda," "Otcllo" and "Fu' staff." WHERE DID YOU GET THAT WORD ? 142. CHAFING DISH. "Chafing dish" sountls as If It might 1x2 of purely Anglo-Saxon o'lgln. Cut U is only 00 per cent. Anglo-SaAon und Is pure French on one 'side of the bouse. The origin of "chafing (maVng warm or warming) ts ' the French won! "chauflar." ita mato .warrn)! which the word "chauffeur" Is more recently descended. "To chafe" also means to rub. But the Implication Is tlat the rubbing Is carried on until it produces heatj and one of the maul testations of heat on living tissue La the bllstetlng, which Is one of the re sults of tho process called chafing. Thus It will be seen that the first part of tho word "chafing dish" Is a tlrst cou.ilti to "chafe," and tht their common ancestor is1 the. France word "chauXtir," to-tuat. Psychoanalysis You and Your Mind By ANDRE TRIDQN NO. XXI. SLIPS OF THE TONGUE. In this age of analysis beware uf your slips of tbo tongue, for they it veal what you realty would like to L say IF YOU COULD. A few days ago I wis chatting u,i , a medical colleague who deplored the Influence of the rinuncial slump in hla practice. His phono rang, lio ' took down tho address of an unfortu nato person who waa Buffering from i some seizure, promised to rush ol4 at onco, and Just before bunging tl.e receiver added tho genial rcmarl. "Let ua hopo it will he scriou . Goodby." Ho at once realized tho uhp duo, lo hla repressed wish lor mow patients, but tho people ut tho other end of tho line were l'ortunutely too upset to no tice it. A patient leaving u well known practitioner's ollico found himself un uble to pay his fee in cash. "1 will pay you by check," bo said. He In deed sent a check tho next day, which was returned irom tho burnt marked "no funds." On f,ovcral occasions clerks In stores have uddressed mo aa "Atud nm." Every time I noticed their ub- sent-mlnded look, followed thu direction-of their glanco and saw a pretty girl who was engaging their vlsut.1 attention, and ono on whom they would have waited with more ipleasuru than on me. I once attended a dinner of a scien tific society which preceded a reg- I ular meeting of tho organization. Tho j Chairman was evidently tired. Ho ' looked very sleepy and manifested his i annoyance at the fact that several I members, Invited to discuss the paper of the evening, arrived late. When every one was Anally seated, he rose, and to our amusement said, "I hereby declare the meeting adjourned, cr, . open, I mean," He consciously didn't wish to sim his dutlti, but hla unconscious wished to be taken homa. It while making lovo to Mary n call her Irma, I would not Ma Mary for being resentful. Irma lt on your mind. tcwjrtitt-fe 3't?yitnf.1ffi3wtt.-- n v h, I' St m IK Isr lr to Ha n he li in Jl.