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TttE EVENING WORLD, FRIDAY, MARCH 31, IS22. mtm mi ft: rv. 11 ESTAiiusirnD nr josnrn rm.iT7.un. rubllshtd Dfllly Tifcpt Siindiy br Th Trco l'ubllahlnr Company. Sot 13 to A3 Park Haw. Now Tork. RALVH PUMTZnn. ITiwIilctit. 3 Pnrlc How. J. ANOUS SHAW. Twiwurrr. 03 Park Row. JOSEPH rUMTHEH Jr., Sccrntnry. 83 Park Row. MTMirrn or tttf. AssoriAMD muss. The Aiiorittrd Trm U nrluiltflr rntltlrd tn Ike u. for nnbllrtUoa tf ll ntwi dtrtrt' ctrdlfd In It or not elbrrwlM cwdllrd la t&l ptm lai tlM tha lortt atwt published brrrlo. J NOT POWERLESS. IT is now too late for the Government to prevent a coal strike, which it might have done had it used its powers as in the threatened railroad strike. Rut it is not too late to take some constructive steps. As the matter stands now, the chief need is for a settlement, a good settlement good for the owners and operators, good for the miners and good for the public. A settlement is not impossible if it is approached with intelligence, vigor and determination. It is not a simple problem. Intelligence and information are needed. For the gathering of the information a commis sion such as is recommended by the Bland resolu tion now before the House Labor Committee is essential. I-'accd with a similar problem, Great Britain appointed the Sankey committee. The investiga tion in Great Britain was thorough, but it was con ducted so expeditiously that a report was made before public interest grew stale. The United States needs something of the sort. The public needs to know what is wrong and what will right the wiongs. . But once we have such an investigation, we need a change of heart and a stiffening of back bone in Washington. ' it was a shameful confession Secretary Davis made yesterday when he said "the Government is powerless to prevent." Worse yet, this confession was not true. The Government has ample power to prevent. What it seems to lack is will, determination and vigor. The Government of Northorn Ireland tins signed with the Government of Southern Ire land an agreement to co-oporato In every way for tho restoration of peace. That Is excellent nut the fundamental question. Governments . aside, is, How many Irishmen aro willing to practise Individual solf-denlal and stop fight- Ing long enough to give peace a chance? T SELF-CLASSIFIED. GOV. MILLER should sign the bill requiring the bonding of taxi drivers. One object of the bill is to make it possible to recover damages in taxi accidents. The more im portant end in view is to make drivers more care ful. Surety companies will examine drivers before going on their bond. A driver who has repeated accidents will soon find that the sureties will either refuse bonds or demand prohibitive fees. Bonding the drivers will weed out the reckless in competents. The objection most likely to weigh with Gov. Miller, we imagine, is the charge that the bill is class legislation because it does not require bonds for all drivers of automobiles. In a way, the bill is class legislation. But the classification was not made by the Legislature. It was made from the accident record of the New York City streets. The number of accidents in proportion to the number of taxicabs operated is far and away greater than in the case of privately operated cars. Their own carelessness and indifference have class ified the taxi drivers. v' It is from this that the public requires the small measure of protection afforded by this bill. "No one knows the perils of alcoholism bet ter than the psychiatrist." says T)r. Stewart I'aton, lecturer on neuro-blplogy at Princeton University, "hut the proliiUltlve attitude toward life is one of much greater danger." For example, tho prohibitive attitude toward life can completely ruin the character and spirit of a free people. roads found profits in straightening curves, elim inating gradei, and fitting the right of way tn improving equipment. Thr truck is doing rmich that the railroad has done and is doing it better. The same business principles point to roads better adapted to truck traffic. WHO'LL PLOT IT? MAYOR HYLAN is back from Chicago full of jump and ginger. With his strong right arm he promptly vetoes bills passed by the Legislature increasing patrol men's and firemen's salaries. "Just a little game of politics played to embarrass me," notes Hiz zoncr, already embarrassed enough by the stern dictate of conscience which forced him to sign the bill boosting his own salary from $15,000 to $25,000. At the same moment a "joker" in the Steinberg bill catches his eagle eye. A measure that puts the licensing of taxicabs under the control of the Police Department fails to give Commissioner I-nright power straightway to throw out John Drcnnen, present capable and experienced head of this Licensing Bureau. Why plainly, if John Drcnnen can only be fired for cause, John Drcnnen becomes a "Czar"! What's the use of a measure that doesn't permit Unright to bounce John Drcnnen at once and put in an Enright serf? How many "Czars" are there room for? Yet he has come back not wholly a chiding Mayor. He has smiles, too, for his people and new plans for the big pier at Coney Island. What he hasn't got for them is the thing they need most urgently sane co-operation with the Transit Commission in pushing the transit plan. The biggest hope of transit relief yet offered to New York and the Mayor of New York still planted like a stubborn mule in the path! Somehow we feel that the Mayor's obstinacy in this direction is now more habit than anything else. I le doesn't see any dignified way to break it. Who's clever enough to plot a curve around which John F. Hylan can swing majestically into line with the Transit Commission and have it look like a triumphal progress? As a preliminary transit engineering feat, such a curve would be worth a substantial prize offered by public spirited citizens. Who'll plot it? THEY CONDEMN THEIR CAUSE. SOME American advocates of freedom for Ire land may not be convinced that the Free State Government under Collins and Griffith is the best possible. But after the disgraceful wrecking of the plant of the Freeman's Journal in Dublin, can any one doubt that the Irish Republican Army movement is wrong, dead wrong, unqualifiedly and absolute ly wrong? The Freeman's Journal cannot be accused of British bias. Its record confounds even a suspi cion of that kind. It suffered persecution and prosecution for its faith in the cause of free Ire land. It was raided repeatedly by the British and by the Black and Tans. The Freeman's Journal sufferedbut its spirit was unbroken. By no twist of imagination can the Irish Republicans claim that the newspaper's vigorous support of the Free State is anything less than an honest opinion hon estly adhered to. Raiding and smashing the Freeman's Journal is a confession of moral bankruptcy by the De Val uta forces. It is a confession that their case can not stand the light of day. It is a denial of the cause of freedom to which a free piess is essential. This fact is clear at a distance. It should be clear in Ireland. TRUCKWAYS. ryIlE State of Connecticut is considering the 1 construction or a State highway from Green ly wich to Bridgeport to be devoted exclusively to motor truck traffic. " ' It is a Sten in the riuht direct inn Willi! n inn ? years it is certain we shall have many such roads. ,. The Connecticut road will be extended to New York anil to Boston Another rn-iil will iniwin ', New Jersey, connecting New York and Philadel i phia. A third will join this city and Albany and extend westward through the Frie Canal cities. These truck roads will be economical. They will be of suitable construction to withstand the wear and tear of truck trallic and so reduce up keep on the lighter roads reserved for passenger cars. Smooth surface will be subordinated to solid foundations. I leavy grades will be eliminated, as on the railroads, enabling trucks to haul larger loads. These truckways may even cross the ordi nary highways at different grades to obviate the need for crossing stops. The development will be in the direction of express s t ia I i 1 ivn it ACHES AND PAINS A Disjointed Column by John Kcctz. Doubleday. Pago & Co. advertise Melville B. Stono as "the man behind tho news for fifty years." This Is not fair. Ho often caught up Willi it. Dr. Alfred K. Zimmern in Herbert S. Houston's "Our 'World" magazine makes us a present of a new word "LJullyana." Looks as if he woro trying to Jolly his readers. Think of a bunch of "Hons of Liberty" wrecking tho plant of the "Freeman's Journal"! Some people never get enough politics or religion The carpers do not seem to realize that It took much more courage for Hizzoner to sign tho bill raisins his own salary than to veto the one uplifting the pay of the police tSiiice the Senate's hurt Us Jli And the pipe of pence is til. Let us yet to work once nioic iliiif tmj to fill our cmiUy store! Tlio Homo lloocli supply shop adverlUo "nccos Boric." Wonder what they nro School Days Copyright, 1022, (New Tork Ercnlnz Wnr'!) bjr Preai rub. Co. By John Cassel v-?i8 mim0m tSiNv :'r' t : " From Evening World Readers What kind ot letter do you find most readable? Isn't it the one that gives the worth ot a thousand words in a couple of hundred? There is fine mental exercise and a lot of satisfaction in trying to tay much in few words. Take time to be brtet. ('rrnlltin if I'rntiiiilnNtn. To llio Hilltor nt Tin- liv nlnn WoiM: In tlio article on evolution to-day Mr. Sutton says "the creation of pro toplasm was no mnro of 'a mirncln than the creation of water " In otlior articles be bus Intimated that pioto- plunm was created only once .mil that fiom tho Hist organism all existing foiius of ltto havo dcM-ended. 1 Cut as water Is beliiR constantly created all over tho woild, why should ho assumo that protoplasm Is not ln'imr created do novo to-day, just as it was origi nally created? K. J. M't'OKMAOK. No. 300 Filth Avenue, Maicli 27, nill-Nii't Willi! W IiIhI.cj . To tlic Udltor of Tho livening Woild: It Is a shame, tlio illiterate argu ments of Aiitl-i'iohibltioniKts annoy your reader Mr. C It. Why dues bo lend tho arguments if they weary him? lie can easily skip reading them if l.o wishes. I havo nover read un article In The Rvrnlng World In tutor of whiskey ci- a clamor, aa Mr. ('. It. states, for nhiakey. There need be no clamor for whis key, as wo nil know where to get It; hut tho majority of tho people do not want tvhlskoy. We want a mild, exhilarating, non- intoxicating dilnk called lager beer, not tt liter) near-boor. JOHN SWKHN'BV. New York, Match ;3 AiiKr"( Ho Trill Vth.v. To tlio lMltor of Tlio KvinliiE Wurld: This is a copy of n letter I haw sent to tho Mayor of New York and to tho Pulillo Service Commission: At 11 o'clock last night I started homo from Sixth Avotiuo and 12.1 Street, New Yoik. I reached tho 11 It. T. iiuUtvay shortly thoioafler aiu! tho platform was full. A train pulln1 In going to Urookbn shortly aftu and tho train was crowded before u tuited. It reached 3llb Slree. whee more people crowded on. At 11th Street It picked up ninny more. Ai Caiul-Hroadway station it was a scramble and fight to get off, and on reaching the Canal Stieet platform to take the train over the Willlaiusbuiv llridgo )ou bad to pit k your wa throne h the crowd ttliuli was iii- uady wall.ng from prevlout train; Whon tho doors wire closed and the train started 1 hail a )oumr i:iil stinic one kneo and a man astride my shoul der. Whether the girl was a modest pure young girl madi no dUTorenco to tho H. It. T. Sho had no cholco but to stay nstrido my knee; tvblio as for the man nsldd my Hhouidci. wii. Uici ill' "lit Milt CHIPf'M t OH i if it nr Oct i .it I ; i ' l and railroad ollli uls w liu make Mich conditions possible? On leaching Myrtle Atomic theio tva.v another scramble ;.nd tiushing and hauling to get out and upstairs to take tlio tiain to Itidgewood. There was tho staltou full ot people who must havo come on a previous train or tiains, and Iheio was no train in sight on the Myrtle Avenue "L." Kour more trains came from Now York via Hioadway, and two trains came from ltidgetvood, going towaid Now York, on Myrtle Avenue, lwfore one train camo from New Yoik on Myrtle Avenue. I reached Myrtle Avenue and Hroaway about 11.30 I'. M. When tlio train pulled in, going toward Hldgewood, it was full, with people, standing, and there wore three cais on it and a station crowded with people. And before wo pulled out there was another Myrtle Atenue train in back of ours. When the train was on pulled out it left a tutinload on the station. Tlio taxpayers pay a Mayor $15,000, a Hoiough President $10,000, a Com missioner of lire Depai tment, $7,500; a Commissioner of Health Depart ment, $7,500; a Corporation Counsel, $16,000; a Commisioner of Police. $7,300; fito Public Service' Commis sioners, $15,000 each: a Commisslonpi of Public Welfare, $7, GOO, In addition to the salary paid to a tecoiver for the ruilio,id--a total ot $130,000 for city officials and a lot more for mis management of its railroad. Any reasonable prison can iindei- stand ttliy these things should exist during the rush hours of the day, but at that t into of night there is no reason slioit of a serious accident. As long as the wives, daughters and feminine member.. of tlio house holds of our public oflleials and rail road mlsmanagers can ride in the limousines, why should they worry if soma other man's wife, daughter or other female rilntivo is thrown into un intlmato position with a perfect stranger tvhoro she cannot help her belt because of the crowd around her" NIC! IT WOIIKHH. Mnn nmt MiiitUy, To the Udltor of Tlio i:cnlng World: My mind seems to bo in a muddle. 1 havo been reading so much lately about tho evolution of man, the 13a r wnlaii theory, &i, that I am all at sea as to what's what. According to the professed scien tists, l gather that we are descended fiom monkeys. A lot has also been written aliout tho superman. Now my dilemma seems to be this: If tvo havo advanced to the present stage ot what wo think Is almost perfection ought not the monkey by this time bo the superman? , "II that is a natural i cnrl'Mon. ,li : i ' 't i !"! UNCOMMON SENSE By John Blake (Copyright. 1S2, by John lllake.) W1ILUK LUCK IS WITH YOU. Sometimes luck is accident of birth, sometimes it con fcils mi stumbling on a gold inyie. Always it is accidental. You aro pnrtit-iilarly hi dry. To understand how lucky you are you must read history. Supposing, for crumple, you luiti been born in Kirypl in the .fifth o" sixth century before Christ. N'int-tenths of the things tlint you have conic to regard ns essential to happiness would have been denied you. Through no fault or negligence of your own you might have been captured in an imusion and fild as a slave. Instead of the dear-thinking brain that you now pos sess you would have had a clouded, noit-uiider.staiiding one with Jio education saye that which was taught by a supersti tious priesi-craft, and no knowledge of the world or its beauties. You would have .seen tour friends anil family cut down by pestilence and have been unable to stop it. Your food would have been coarse and unpalatable. Time would have dragged heavily for want of entertain ing methods of parsing it. Whether you belonged to the governing or the laboring class you would have led a dull life, stive only when you were picked up anil hurled into some war about which you knew nothing and cared nothing. All about you you would have seen t lie most incredible barbarities null cruelties. These would have filled you with fear, though your mind would have not been sufficiently sensitive to grasp their horror. Fear, hi fact trembling, cowering fear, would have been tin, big thing in your existence and you know enough of f.'.'ir to understand how terrible that would huvc been. You were born after the world had become at least hugely civilized, in a land of ecpial opportunity, and in a day when there tire books and pictures and plays aiid games and work? of art. That is your hick.. It is really magnificent, marvellous luck accidental, of course, but none the less valuable. Thank heaven for it and employ it and never say that luck has always been against you ! EVOLVTJO The ABC of This Famo j Epoch-Making Theory! By Ransome Sutton Coprrltht. 1122 (Tht New Tork Kvn Wurld) bjr Fresi i-ublltlilnc Company Psychoanalysis You and Your Mind By ANDRE T RID ON XXXVII. THE IMPROPER ENVIRONMENT. The aim of the psychoanalytic treatment Is to re-cducato tho patient so that ho can live at peace with everybody in every kind of enviion mcut. At tlio beginning of tljo treatment. however, It may bo necessary for tho unalvsl lo demand tlt,it t' h patient gel inn.' . ntirclv I'niift- Ui'i present 'It 'A'l lit- 1 I Hi'itig Insane. An hour's comers.! turn un tatious topics convinced mo tl.at her mind was perfectly clear and her icasoning potters in no ttay hnm- pux'd. On u subsciiucnt occasion 1 learned tiom her that she was under a great llnanclal strain, owing to tho fact that sho was suppoiting tlneo invalids ot the most pionounced neu lotle typo, ono of them an Idiot cousin who had the mentality of a child of sW years. For sevi ral ears thoo people, liv ing on her bounty, had led a peaceful sheltered, uiunterestlm; mul neir.i- tive existence. They had no cares, no responsibilities and by that time absolutely no conscience. Tho business slump, however, had touched the commercial enl rprlsi from tvliicb my patient dented br Income :i tut Kin li nl sp."i' r i ' : 1 1 1 V. APPEARANCE OF MAMMAL Jtcptllcs grow out of amphibians tf gradually that a division linn canno bo drawn between them. Tho an phlbians had changed flna into flap pcrs; tho reptiles carried on tho wor by changing flappers Into truo t and truo wings. Tho primitive tui of tho amphibians becamo truo tun In tho reptiles. Amphibians bad be hatched in water; tho reptiles wer I atched on wet land. Tho reptiles did not havo to go down to the river for a dlvo every half hour) they could wander Inland, keeping within walking distance of drlnklnj water. As It brawn wero tho aim of! the ago they devetoped enormous pro- portions. Tho most portentous and blzarr., creatures that ever existed w6ro'rcpCr" tiles. Some were more than a block long. Among the reptiles wero c rent tired which, Instead of walking on foiii1 feet, walked on two legs and used! tfie forelimbs for balancing them selves by paddling tlio air somewhat as a rope-walker uses an umbrella-. More and moro with the centuries the air paddles became wing-llkc. AH ostrich Is suggestive of these wlngcdl reptiles. At 'first tho wlng-growlnj creatures had teeth, as may be seoH in tho fossil remains of tho arn cheoptcryx, recently unearthed 14 Madagascar and now preserved la 11-111.1. All, k. LUU J-lllLlSll .'lUOUUII . - The-o Is another bird, living to day In British Guiana, tho hoatzin, which I'rof. Hcebe has so thoroughly studied, that betrays Its reptilian : descent unrilstakably. During it embryonic development It is covered with scales Instead of feathers. ln deed, feathers are only gloiifleL scales. Uut reptiles did not all run toward' birds. Thero was nothing avian about the dinosaurs. Out of gaurtatj flesh, blood and bones, what sort cit creatures would bo likely to emerge.!' Improvement would begin with tea tures least adapted to a roving- ills position, for reptiles wero great 1-oh vers, and development would tak4 the trend dictated by tho varying on. tironments into which they rov In two ways these monsters wen conspicuously susceptlblo of great un prnvciiient. Their flat heads wen ludicrously small and so filled up wit bone that only a pocket remained fo liraln matter: and their reproductlv&J organs were so pitifully priraltlvw that wben one ot these mountains of lli'h labored it brought forth Cffgs. While, the males were slugglshl)? raging and lighting over females, evo-1 lotion began slowly chiselling away all the bones in the .head to mnko room! for the larger nnd braver brains whtcbf the raging and tho fighting1 engen-f dered. Meanwhile, the females werq undergoing fundamental organic 1'naiiKcn wmioui. Ywiicu me com never have lieen raised, above reptll-J Ian levels. The Age of Mammal; dawned (but it was only tho dawning) when a monotreino descendant of rep tllian ancestors, poorly equipped fo i i.... i,i ..iii.- -i ''-.initfe ..uuiib, tviitfe uviiiiui un YBb i laying animal nor one which brought: forth living young, laid eggs lialC hatched. Milk had to bo sweated from the mother to her young. The monotremes never rose high aa conquerors, uut they gave rise to thJ so-called maisuplal animals, tvhlcht delivered their young, prcmaturelM born, into an abdominal pouch ovcr-4 laying mammary glands, or mllkt glands, as may be seen In an opos sum to-day. Then, from the marsuW plain descended the creodonta, whosH rudimentary pouches wero no longer) needed: fur ono of these carnivorous creatures, laboring at length In somq foul fen, delivered her young allvq upon the ground. From this milk-fed, live-born litter! came the mighty mammals, including man. And as the mammals cams upon tho scene the reptilian horded silently disappeared. Their purposoi had been served. What caused their) extinction Is stilt a mystery. Thft mammnls may havo helped destroy, them, but the chances aro that, duo to their specialized development, thejl were not capable of changing1 with al changing climate. WHERE DID YOU GET THAT WORD? 1SU. rVlMeli iff In the earliest thought ot our com tnoti stock tto tlnd a codo ot morals and philosophy known as tho "Xnstl tutes," or Code, of Manu. In its turn Manu Is related to tho Sanskrit; "mona," to think. From "Manu" the being whq thinks originate tho variety Ore words designated the human being such as the Knglish man, the Ger man mann and mensch, tho Gothl?rt mannus. Tho relation between "monn. tho Hanskrlt word fori thought, and our own "mind," Is no far from tho imagination. Tims, the earliest conception J man Is the ideal of a thinking bclnjJ The "Institutes of Manu" In fact coi stltute the basis of tho moral phlll o.iophy of Sanskrit-speaking Indla.l And "manu" is tho original , Indian, conception of man. I'll I li'",lll .1"! i'r;:uu.tMuuci' La. t0ni. ! i 1 -..iiii.c.iuui4 ..llloi. fctfr iTJUs.gKitllaaPlCflt jg SlUc .cqmy, Uia atxlea-thQro.lelajs no crim. .'.iuol iiii't jlui about -jp.iut; I lin.lt) u. lo U aii) mu.' law l.i.iu i tha attitude, taken bsitio cltX-Cfflclala 1 Sliuil Wiu is aUiiuui .lo icara? it at mum. 1 1 1 1 ttouiiui m tho liilo iUuiiL-3 tamo' to I And auUaonly sho caught lieraolf do. PuluJ trrni im JiH otiI atatart rfhrtV r " J-",'rt -u-, , i l XDasraUIrMV' it 1 1 1 1 i wero doing, acting and talking like; them, falling gradually to their level. that Is, UNCONSCIOUSLY TIWTNtt TO Hi: IJKF. THEM bo as to ba taken earn of by tho rest of her fam lly. In such a caso the first thing to do was to order her away from such, d'lcterlous Influences. A rearrangement of the family) flnunces was Imperative She facet! "tlio music and asked other mpmhM ni !r" family to shara the burdort) villi her. 'n.'Hiiui cf compelling then i to no . i. i.y (.. fontiug Hko ' iMigis a liilplch.s neuratln ln I I 1 .