TttE EVENING WORLD, FRIDAY, MARCH 31, IS22.
ESTAiiusirnD nr josnrn rm.iT7.un.
rubllshtd Dfllly Tifcpt Siindiy br Th Trco l'ubllahlnr
Company. Sot 13 to A3 Park Haw. Now Tork.
RALVH PUMTZnn. ITiwIilctit. 3 Pnrlc How.
J. ANOUS SHAW. Twiwurrr. 03 Park Row.
JOSEPH rUMTHEH Jr., Sccrntnry. 83 Park Row.
MTMirrn or tttf. AssoriAMD muss.
The Aiiorittrd Trm U nrluiltflr rntltlrd tn Ike u. for nnbllrtUoa
tf ll ntwi dtrtrt' ctrdlfd In It or not elbrrwlM cwdllrd la t&l ptm
lai tlM tha lortt atwt published brrrlo.
IT is now too late for the Government to prevent
a coal strike, which it might have done had it
used its powers as in the threatened railroad strike.
Rut it is not too late to take some constructive
As the matter stands now, the chief need is for
a settlement, a good settlement good for the
owners and operators, good for the miners and
good for the public.
A settlement is not impossible if it is approached
with intelligence, vigor and determination.
It is not a simple problem. Intelligence and
information are needed.
For the gathering of the information a commis
sion such as is recommended by the Bland resolu
tion now before the House Labor Committee is
I-'accd with a similar problem, Great Britain
appointed the Sankey committee. The investiga
tion in Great Britain was thorough, but it was con
ducted so expeditiously that a report was made
before public interest grew stale.
The United States needs something of the sort.
The public needs to know what is wrong and what
will right the wiongs. .
But once we have such an investigation, we
need a change of heart and a stiffening of back
bone in Washington.
' it was a shameful confession Secretary Davis
made yesterday when he said "the Government
is powerless to prevent."
Worse yet, this confession was not true. The
Government has ample power to prevent. What
it seems to lack is will, determination and vigor.
The Government of Northorn Ireland tins
signed with the Government of Southern Ire
land an agreement to co-oporato In every way
for tho restoration of peace.
That Is excellent
nut the fundamental question. Governments
. aside, is, How many Irishmen aro willing to
practise Individual solf-denlal and stop fight-
Ing long enough to give peace a chance?
GOV. MILLER should sign the bill requiring
the bonding of taxi drivers.
One object of the bill is to make it possible to
recover damages in taxi accidents. The more im
portant end in view is to make drivers more care
ful. Surety companies will examine drivers before
going on their bond. A driver who has repeated
accidents will soon find that the sureties will
either refuse bonds or demand prohibitive fees.
Bonding the drivers will weed out the reckless in
competents. The objection most likely to weigh with Gov.
Miller, we imagine, is the charge that the bill is
class legislation because it does not require bonds
for all drivers of automobiles.
In a way, the bill is class legislation. But the
classification was not made by the Legislature. It
was made from the accident record of the New
York City streets.
The number of accidents in proportion to the
number of taxicabs operated is far and away
greater than in the case of privately operated cars.
Their own carelessness and indifference have class
ified the taxi drivers.
v' It is from this that the public requires the small
measure of protection afforded by this bill.
"No one knows the perils of alcoholism bet
ter than the psychiatrist." says T)r. Stewart
I'aton, lecturer on neuro-blplogy at Princeton
University, "hut the proliiUltlve attitude toward
life is one of much greater danger."
For example, tho prohibitive attitude toward
life can completely ruin the character and
spirit of a free people.
roads found profits in straightening curves, elim
inating gradei, and fitting the right of way tn
improving equipment. Thr truck is doing rmich
that the railroad has done and is doing it better.
The same business principles point to roads better
adapted to truck traffic.
WHO'LL PLOT IT?
MAYOR HYLAN is back from Chicago full of
jump and ginger.
With his strong right arm he promptly vetoes
bills passed by the Legislature increasing patrol
men's and firemen's salaries. "Just a little game
of politics played to embarrass me," notes Hiz
zoncr, already embarrassed enough by the stern
dictate of conscience which forced him to sign the
bill boosting his own salary from $15,000 to
At the same moment a "joker" in the Steinberg
bill catches his eagle eye.
A measure that puts the licensing of taxicabs
under the control of the Police Department fails
to give Commissioner I-nright power straightway
to throw out John Drcnnen, present capable and
experienced head of this Licensing Bureau.
Why plainly, if John Drcnnen can only be fired
for cause, John Drcnnen becomes a "Czar"!
What's the use of a measure that doesn't permit
Unright to bounce John Drcnnen at once and put
in an Enright serf? How many "Czars" are there
Yet he has come back not wholly a chiding
Mayor. He has smiles, too, for his people and new
plans for the big pier at Coney Island.
What he hasn't got for them is the thing they
need most urgently sane co-operation with the
Transit Commission in pushing the transit plan.
The biggest hope of transit relief yet offered to
New York and the Mayor of New York still
planted like a stubborn mule in the path!
Somehow we feel that the Mayor's obstinacy in
this direction is now more habit than anything
else. I le doesn't see any dignified way to break it.
Who's clever enough to plot a curve around
which John F. Hylan can swing majestically into
line with the Transit Commission and have it look
like a triumphal progress?
As a preliminary transit engineering feat, such
a curve would be worth a substantial prize offered
by public spirited citizens.
Who'll plot it?
THEY CONDEMN THEIR CAUSE.
SOME American advocates of freedom for Ire
land may not be convinced that the Free
State Government under Collins and Griffith is
the best possible.
But after the disgraceful wrecking of the plant
of the Freeman's Journal in Dublin, can any one
doubt that the Irish Republican Army movement
is wrong, dead wrong, unqualifiedly and absolute
The Freeman's Journal cannot be accused of
British bias. Its record confounds even a suspi
cion of that kind. It suffered persecution and
prosecution for its faith in the cause of free Ire
land. It was raided repeatedly by the British and
by the Black and Tans. The Freeman's Journal
sufferedbut its spirit was unbroken. By no twist
of imagination can the Irish Republicans claim
that the newspaper's vigorous support of the Free
State is anything less than an honest opinion hon
estly adhered to.
Raiding and smashing the Freeman's Journal is
a confession of moral bankruptcy by the De Val
uta forces. It is a confession that their case can
not stand the light of day. It is a denial of the
cause of freedom to which a free piess is essential.
This fact is clear at a distance. It should be
clear in Ireland.
ryIlE State of Connecticut is considering the
1 construction or a State highway from Green
ly wich to Bridgeport to be devoted exclusively to
motor truck traffic.
" ' It is a Sten in the riuht direct inn Willi! n inn
? years it is certain we shall have many such roads.
,. The Connecticut road will be extended to New
York anil to Boston Another rn-iil will iniwin
', New Jersey, connecting New York and Philadel
i phia. A third will join this city and Albany and
extend westward through the Frie Canal cities.
These truck roads will be economical. They
will be of suitable construction to withstand the
wear and tear of truck trallic and so reduce up
keep on the lighter roads reserved for passenger
cars. Smooth surface will be subordinated to solid
foundations. I leavy grades will be eliminated, as
on the railroads, enabling trucks to haul larger
loads. These truckways may even cross the ordi
nary highways at different grades to obviate the
need for crossing stops. The development will be
in the direction of express s t ia I
1 ivn it
ACHES AND PAINS
A Disjointed Column by John Kcctz.
Doubleday. Pago & Co. advertise Melville B. Stono
as "the man behind tho news for fifty years." This
Is not fair. Ho often caught up Willi it.
Dr. Alfred K. Zimmern in Herbert S. Houston's
"Our 'World" magazine makes us a present of a new
word "LJullyana." Looks as if he woro trying to
Jolly his readers.
Think of a bunch of "Hons of Liberty" wrecking
tho plant of the "Freeman's Journal"! Some people
never get enough politics or religion
The carpers do not seem to realize that It took much
more courage for Hizzoner to sign tho bill raisins
his own salary than to veto the one uplifting the pay
of the police
tSiiice the Senate's hurt Us Jli
And the pipe of pence is til.
Let us yet to work once nioic
iliiif tmj to fill our cmiUy store!
Tlio Homo lloocli supply shop adverlUo "nccos
Boric." Wonder what they nro
(New Tork Ercnlnz Wnr'!)
bjr Preai rub. Co.
By John Cassel
tSiNv :'r' t :
From Evening World Readers
What kind ot letter do you find most readable? Isn't it the one
that gives the worth ot a thousand words in a couple of hundred?
There is fine mental exercise and a lot of satisfaction in trying to
tay much in few words. Take time to be brtet.
('rrnlltin if I'rntiiiilnNtn.
To llio Hilltor nt Tin- liv nlnn WoiM:
In tlio article on evolution to-day
Mr. Sutton says "the creation of pro
toplasm was no mnro of 'a mirncln
than the creation of water " In otlior
articles be bus Intimated that pioto-
plunm was created only once .mil that
fiom tho Hist organism all existing
foiius of ltto havo dcM-ended. 1 Cut as
water Is beliiR constantly created all
over tho woild, why should ho assumo
that protoplasm Is not ln'imr created
do novo to-day, just as it was origi
nally created? K. J. M't'OKMAOK.
No. 300 Filth Avenue, Maicli 27,
nill-Nii't Willi! W IiIhI.cj .
To tlic Udltor of Tho livening Woild:
It Is a shame, tlio illiterate argu
ments of Aiitl-i'iohibltioniKts annoy
your reader Mr. C It.
Why dues bo lend tho arguments
if they weary him? lie can easily
skip reading them if l.o wishes.
I havo nover read un article In The
Rvrnlng World In tutor of whiskey
ci- a clamor, aa Mr. ('. It. states, for
There need be no clamor for whis
key, as wo nil know where to get It;
hut tho majority of tho people do not
We want a mild, exhilarating, non-
intoxicating dilnk called lager beer,
not tt liter) near-boor.
New York, Match ;3
AiiKr"( Ho Trill Vth.v.
To tlio lMltor of Tlio KvinliiE Wurld:
This is a copy of n letter I haw
sent to tho Mayor of New York and
to tho Pulillo Service Commission:
At 11 o'clock last night I started
homo from Sixth Avotiuo and 12.1
Street, New Yoik. I reached tho 11
It. T. iiuUtvay shortly thoioafler aiu!
tho platform was full. A train pulln1
In going to Urookbn shortly aftu
and tho train was crowded before u
tuited. It reached 3llb Slree. whee
more people crowded on. At 11th
Street It picked up ninny more. Ai
Caiul-Hroadway station it was a
scramble and fight to get off, and on
reaching the Canal Stieet platform to
take the train over the Willlaiusbuiv
llridgo )ou bad to pit k your wa
throne h the crowd ttliuli was iii-
uady wall.ng from prevlout train;
Whon tho doors wire closed and the
train started 1 hail a )oumr i:iil stinic
one kneo and a man astride my shoul
der. Whether the girl was a modest
pure young girl madi no dUTorenco to
tho H. It. T. Sho had no cholco but
to stay nstrido my knee; tvblio as for
the man nsldd my Hhouidci. wii. Uici
ill' "lit Milt CHIPf'M t OH i if it nr Oct
i .it I ; i ' l
and railroad ollli uls w liu make Mich
On leaching Myrtle Atomic theio
tva.v another scramble ;.nd tiushing
and hauling to get out and upstairs
to take tlio tiain to Itidgewood. There
was tho staltou full ot people who
must havo come on a previous train
or tiains, and Iheio was no train in
sight on the Myrtle Avenue "L."
Kour more trains came from Now
York via Hioadway, and two trains
came from ltidgetvood, going towaid
Now York, on Myrtle Avenue, lwfore
one train camo from New Yoik on
Myrtle Avenue. I reached Myrtle
Avenue and Hroaway about 11.30 I'.
M. When tlio train pulled in, going
toward Hldgewood, it was full, with
people, standing, and there wore three
cais on it and a station crowded
with people. And before wo pulled
out there was another Myrtle Atenue
train in back of ours. When the train
was on pulled out it left a tutinload
on the station.
Tlio taxpayers pay a Mayor $15,000,
a Hoiough President $10,000, a Com
missioner of lire Depai tment, $7,500;
a Commissioner of Health Depart
ment, $7,500; a Corporation Counsel,
$16,000; a Commisioner of Police.
$7,300; fito Public Service' Commis
sioners, $15,000 each: a Commisslonpi
of Public Welfare, $7, GOO, In addition
to the salary paid to a tecoiver for
the ruilio,id--a total ot $130,000 for
city officials and a lot more for mis
management of its railroad.
Any reasonable prison can iindei-
stand ttliy these things should exist
during the rush hours of the day,
but at that t into of night there is no
reason slioit of a serious accident.
As long as the wives, daughters
and feminine member.. of tlio house
holds of our public oflleials and rail
road mlsmanagers can ride in the
limousines, why should they worry if
soma other man's wife, daughter or
other female rilntivo is thrown into
un intlmato position with a perfect
stranger tvhoro she cannot help her
belt because of the crowd around her"
NIC! IT WOIIKHH.
Mnn nmt MiiitUy,
To the Udltor of Tlio i:cnlng World:
My mind seems to bo in a muddle.
1 havo been reading so much lately
about tho evolution of man, the 13a r
wnlaii theory, &i, that I am all at
sea as to what's what.
According to the professed scien
tists, l gather that we are descended
fiom monkeys. A lot has also been
written aliout tho superman. Now
my dilemma seems to be this: If tvo
havo advanced to the present stage ot
what wo think Is almost perfection
ought not the monkey by this time bo
the superman? ,
"II that is a natural i cnrl'Mon.
,li : i ' 't i !"!
By John Blake
(Copyright. 1S2, by John lllake.)
W1ILUK LUCK IS WITH YOU.
Sometimes luck is accident of birth, sometimes it con
fcils mi stumbling on a gold inyie. Always it is accidental.
You aro pnrtit-iilarly hi dry. To understand how lucky
you are you must read history.
Supposing, for crumple, you luiti been born in Kirypl in
the .fifth o" sixth century before Christ.
N'int-tenths of the things tlint you have conic to regard
ns essential to happiness would have been denied you.
Through no fault or negligence of your own you might
have been captured in an imusion and fild as a slave.
Instead of the dear-thinking brain that you now pos
sess you would have had a clouded, noit-uiider.staiiding one
with Jio education saye that which was taught by a supersti
tious priesi-craft, and no knowledge of the world or its
You would have .seen tour friends anil family cut down
by pestilence and have been unable to stop it.
Your food would have been coarse and unpalatable.
Time would have dragged heavily for want of entertain
ing methods of parsing it.
Whether you belonged to the governing or the laboring
class you would have led a dull life, stive only when you
were picked up anil hurled into some war about which you
knew nothing and cared nothing.
All about you you would have seen t lie most incredible
barbarities null cruelties. These would have filled you with
fear, though your mind would have not been sufficiently
sensitive to grasp their horror.
Fear, hi fact trembling, cowering fear, would have been
tin, big thing in your existence and you know enough of
f.'.'ir to understand how terrible that would huvc been.
You were born after the world had become at least
hugely civilized, in a land of ecpial opportunity, and in a day
when there tire books and pictures and plays aiid games and
work? of art. That is your hick.. It is really magnificent,
marvellous luck accidental, of course, but none the less
Thank heaven for it and employ it and never say that
luck has always been against you !
The ABC of This Famo j
By Ransome Sutton
Coprrltht. 1122 (Tht New Tork Kvn
Wurld) bjr Fresi i-ublltlilnc Company
You and Your Mind
By ANDRE T RID ON
XXXVII. THE IMPROPER ENVIRONMENT.
The aim of the psychoanalytic
treatment Is to re-cducato tho patient
so that ho can live at peace with
everybody in every kind of enviion
mcut. At tlio beginning of tljo treatment.
however, It may bo necessary for tho
unalvsl lo demand tlt,it t' h patient
gel inn.' . ntirclv I'niift- Ui'i present
lit- 1 I
Hi'itig Insane. An hour's comers.!
turn un tatious topics convinced mo
tl.at her mind was perfectly clear and
her icasoning potters in no ttay hnm-
pux'd. On u subsciiucnt occasion 1
learned tiom her that she was under
a great llnanclal strain, owing to tho
fact that sho was suppoiting tlneo
invalids ot the most pionounced neu
lotle typo, ono of them an Idiot cousin
who had the mentality of a child of
For sevi ral ears thoo people, liv
ing on her bounty, had led a peaceful
sheltered, uiunterestlm; mul neir.i-
tive existence. They had no cares,
no responsibilities and by that time
absolutely no conscience.
Tho business slump, however, had
touched the commercial enl rprlsi
from tvliicb my patient dented br
Income :i tut Kin li nl sp."i' r i ' : 1 1 1
V. APPEARANCE OF MAMMAL
Jtcptllcs grow out of amphibians tf
gradually that a division linn canno
bo drawn between them. Tho an
phlbians had changed flna into flap
pcrs; tho reptiles carried on tho wor
by changing flappers Into truo t
and truo wings. Tho primitive tui
of tho amphibians becamo truo tun
In tho reptiles. Amphibians bad
be hatched in water; tho reptiles wer
I atched on wet land.
Tho reptiles did not havo to go down
to the river for a dlvo every half hour)
they could wander Inland, keeping
within walking distance of drlnklnj
water. As It brawn wero tho aim of!
the ago they devetoped enormous pro-
Tho most portentous and blzarr.,
creatures that ever existed w6ro'rcpCr"
tiles. Some were more than a block
Among the reptiles wero c rent tired
which, Instead of walking on foiii1
feet, walked on two legs and used!
tfie forelimbs for balancing them
selves by paddling tlio air somewhat
as a rope-walker uses an umbrella-.
More and moro with the centuries
the air paddles became wing-llkc. AH
ostrich Is suggestive of these wlngcdl
reptiles. At 'first tho wlng-growlnj
creatures had teeth, as may be seoH
in tho fossil remains of tho arn
cheoptcryx, recently unearthed 14
Madagascar and now preserved la
11-111.1. All, k.
LUU J-lllLlSll .'lUOUUII . -
The-o Is another bird, living to
day In British Guiana, tho hoatzin,
which I'rof. Hcebe has so thoroughly
studied, that betrays Its reptilian :
descent unrilstakably. During it
embryonic development It is covered
with scales Instead of feathers. ln
deed, feathers are only gloiifleL
Uut reptiles did not all run toward'
birds. Thero was nothing avian
about the dinosaurs. Out of gaurtatj
flesh, blood and bones, what sort cit
creatures would bo likely to emerge.!'
Improvement would begin with tea
tures least adapted to a roving- ills
position, for reptiles wero great 1-oh
vers, and development would tak4
the trend dictated by tho varying on.
tironments into which they rov
In two ways these monsters wen
conspicuously susceptlblo of great un
prnvciiient. Their flat heads wen
ludicrously small and so filled up wit
bone that only a pocket remained fo
liraln matter: and their reproductlv&J
organs were so pitifully priraltlvw
that wben one ot these mountains of
lli'h labored it brought forth Cffgs.
While, the males were slugglshl)?
raging and lighting over females, evo-1
lotion began slowly chiselling away all
the bones in the .head to mnko room!
for the larger nnd braver brains whtcbf
the raging and tho fighting1 engen-f
dered. Meanwhile, the females werq
undergoing fundamental organic
1'naiiKcn wmioui. Ywiicu me com
never have lieen raised, above reptll-J
Ian levels. The Age of Mammal;
dawned (but it was only tho dawning)
when a monotreino descendant of rep
tllian ancestors, poorly equipped fo
i i.... i,i ..iii.- -i
''-.initfe ..uuiib, tviitfe uviiiiui un YBb i
laying animal nor one which brought:
forth living young, laid eggs lialC
hatched. Milk had to bo sweated
from the mother to her young.
The monotremes never rose high aa
conquerors, uut they gave rise to thJ
so-called maisuplal animals, tvhlcht
delivered their young, prcmaturelM
born, into an abdominal pouch ovcr-4
laying mammary glands, or mllkt
glands, as may be seen In an opos
sum to-day. Then, from the marsuW
plain descended the creodonta, whosH
rudimentary pouches wero no longer)
needed: fur ono of these carnivorous
creatures, laboring at length In somq
foul fen, delivered her young allvq
upon the ground.
From this milk-fed, live-born litter!
came the mighty mammals, including
man. And as the mammals cams
upon tho scene the reptilian horded
silently disappeared. Their purposoi
had been served. What caused their)
extinction Is stilt a mystery. Thft
mammnls may havo helped destroy,
them, but the chances aro that, duo
to their specialized development, thejl
were not capable of changing1 with al
WHERE DID YOU GET
1SU. rVlMeli iff
In the earliest thought ot our com
tnoti stock tto tlnd a codo ot morals
and philosophy known as tho "Xnstl
tutes," or Code, of Manu. In its turn
Manu Is related to tho Sanskrit;
"mona," to think.
From "Manu" the being whq
thinks originate tho variety Ore
words designated the human being
such as the Knglish man, the Ger
man mann and mensch, tho Gothl?rt
mannus. Tho relation between
"monn. tho Hanskrlt word fori
thought, and our own "mind," Is no
far from tho imagination.
Tims, the earliest conception J
man Is the ideal of a thinking bclnjJ
The "Institutes of Manu" In fact coi
stltute the basis of tho moral phlll
o.iophy of Sanskrit-speaking Indla.l
And "manu" is tho original , Indian,
conception of man.
I'll I li'",lll .1"!
i'r;:uu.tMuuci' La. t0ni.
! i 1 -..iiii.c.iuui4 ..llloi.
fctfr iTJUs.gKitllaaPlCflt jg SlUc .cqmy, Uia atxlea-thQro.lelajs no crim.
.'.iuol iiii't jlui about -jp.iut;
I lin.lt) u. lo U aii) mu.' law l.i.iu
i tha attitude, taken bsitio cltX-Cfflclala
Wiu is aUiiuui .lo icara?
it at mum.
1 1 1
1 ttouiiui m tho liilo iUuiiL-3 tamo' to I And auUaonly sho caught lieraolf do. PuluJ
trrni im JiH otiI atatart rfhrtV r " J-",'rt -u-, , i l XDasraUIrMV'
it 1 1 1 1
wero doing, acting and talking like;
them, falling gradually to their level.
that Is, UNCONSCIOUSLY TIWTNtt
TO Hi: IJKF. THEM bo as to ba
taken earn of by tho rest of her fam
lly. In such a caso the first thing to
do was to order her away from such,
A rearrangement of the family)
flnunces was Imperative She facet!
"tlio music and asked other mpmhM
ni !r" family to shara the burdort)
villi her. 'n.'Hiiui cf compelling then
i to no . i. i.y (.. fontiug Hko
' iMigis a liilplch.s neuratln ln
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