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THE EVENING WORLD, FRIDAY, MAY 26 1922. link With ManFbund in John Daniel"? Scientists Discover in Gorilla 's Foot A "Walking" Muscle Like Man's; "JOHN DANIEL" As He Now Appears Mounted in the Museum of Natural History Never Before Found in i s 7" ii - r .ii i ei. i m Stk ... - x now a norma a okcic- TT3iii ' ' V vft , ' ton Comporca With That fe ' A ' ''l- of a Man Note Striking 'jIEl ilfv? Pcivr;nt R' Nec nnd & Any Anthropoid Ape. Had Brain Development of Two -Year-Old Child, Greatest Ever Recorded Among Primates; Seemed to Have Human Understanding. J Bv Roeer Batchelder the evoIut,n theories which revolve changes In hntitt una mode of living. o,m nALr-a-ta, Gorlu. ab' r. Gregory, at the While tho np havo branohed off In t, it,. .inh.i whom wo meeting of mammalogiets, read tholr nevornl directions, man has . - ... ... wnnn In nnnlhKr" know about a year ago. Ho came r on near is tne reiauon ,, . . of the reasons why John Daniel 1ms fanioua woria becomo clonce. John, It stems, had a certain muscle In the foot called by anatomists, the to us with all tho pomp ana " ' r"iia ana cnini- horaldry of a King, was said to bo Panzee stock?" John Daniel cam "Iho greatest, kindest, smartest go- kter. but to understand John's lm- rilla" and was endowed with count- portance to thoso scientific men, one less other superlatives and virtues. must so much further back. But New Yorkers, who have long "Linnaeus." said Dr. Gregory, ,..,, .. v,nv hn, hh. been swayed hither and yon and when I asked him to start at tho orto becn rccordod only In human be- thrilled by the adjectival announce- beginning and end with John, menta of the "Greatest, Most Mag- "placed all the legions of animals nllo mtils were Prof. George 8. rdflcent. Most Glorious and Wonder- and plants In a natural system of Huntington of the College of Physt- ful Circus on Earth," smiled with clarification. Ho formed one group 0ians and Surgeons of Columbia, and Just tho least suspicion when they, ot primates, so-called, and put man Dr. D. J. Morton, an orthopaedist, learned that John Daniel had como fct their head. Next cams the an- The foot of tho gorilla la ordlnnrlly here to Join the circus. They greeted thropold opes, such as John Daniel, moro like the human foot than that lilm with more ceremony than Is ac- th6 monkeys and the lemurs. His of any other unlmal bocause the go- rorded the ordinary gorilla visitor fundamental theory was that ono rltla uses It more on the ground, that Is true. They grow to appro- nvu.t put an animal In the right That of John Danlal. with Its muscle date his many, virtues and recognize pU.80n hole b8oro one can tudy U(( wh,oh was upposodly a part ot the them, however. And When he died, n.turft1 hl!nrv. humon ho nnlv. nrMnmnhlv ron. "Darwin went one step further, trlbuted to hU special cleverness In He accepted Llnnaous's dasslflca- walklDs"- tlon. but put man In one grand dl- Thls' according to the scientists. Is vision, which he called the Old a dooldo1 home run for John' World Primates and Whldh Included Apca " a whoI navo a C8rtaln also the anthropoid apes and narrow borio whlon "ttachos the PIvls to the spinal column ana wmcn is one ver terbra nearer the head than in man. This, according to theory, la caused by an attorn pt to overcome the hand lean of An Imnprfnot nrinnfntlnti fn (h. wnicn uiey New York mourned more sincerely, than It had ever before mourned for a4gorllla ror for very, many, people, in fact. It seems eaorilege now, however, to call John Daniel Just a gorilla. For Oie late John Daniel Is the subject of strict examination and research by, medical men, anthropologists and other scientists. Tho scientific world wnltn with Interest far the results of .c- . ., . . , , original stook from I hfi tants which have been tniula and arc to be made. It has already been or'B"ma"5r Prang, announced that John Daniel had one nosed monkeys. But ho was very explicit on this point ot his evolu tion theory neither men, apes nor monkeys were tho same as the "To-day, If we classify animals ao- physlcal feature of man which ba conlln&" to tholr physical structure, never before been recorded In a mem her of the anthropoid family; more- lwOBU lno "opoiu p ana man. over, he Is reported to havo been en- Tne tMth- tor stance, of the oldest dowed with several othor human raan of wnom wo have knowledge physical Qualities not yet announced ahoyr a lundamental similarity to by those who have been conducting tho' of apes- went on- this And the tests and examinations, but which Slra'lnty became less marked, but It may Jink tho anthronold family with ven aovt nounced. The nose, tjio human race and prove several ea' braln, and fevet of tha Krllla, gorilla when he died, came nearer to ... r mnM narlv Oilman V. . I. -' facta which may advance the Dar- -..,, organs 01 any otner animal. "These organs are all specialized wlnlan theory. At the recent meeting of the Amer- lean Society of Mammalogurts. which th mod" to which they. prlm'ate comprises many notel speolallsta In " v"' " um the- world of anthropology and ,cl- and greater o ,ollcaI Park'" contlnuei1 Dr' nee. John Daniel was an important . . w ices ucgreo. "To-day, man 1 distinguished by, an enormous brain, small Jaws, up right posture, perfection of vocal function, caused partly by the special ...'.T1'"8 do not m7 tnnt man ,a lormatlon of the tongue. The dlffcr- ipeended from monkey." requested enco in food has something to do with Dr.. W. K Gregory of the American It, for man Is omnivorous, while the Museum of Natural History and a npe eats mainly fruit. All these member of the society, when I asked physical qualities have becn brought him to tell of John Dante and all about In adaptation topic. He was, in fact, the ultimate topic, for he came Into great promi nence In the discussion of theories of evolution. tnes. Tho co-discoverera 0f this jrisammmmm!mmmhwmmwmmMimmmmmm&mM wsc 2ik, jm t John Daniel again mnde the high HHTHirffilflnSK . TO" - "Dr. Hornaday of the Bronx Zoo- PMHJfMIi? W .JHLWi 'l mUWtX St.. . - i ' ' . . C i to .uccesMv. hmmf mrwmxmmmm jm&mmn w. - i vii t Below, That of '' upright pcxio which Is assumed. Tho bono In question, of course, was like wise pronounoed In John Daniel. Dr. Tlnlev. also of ths Collrro nr we find the greatest similarity bo- PhyBlcanB SurK-eong 8nowod at the cOnferenoe Illustrations of the brains of a series of animals from fish to man. That of tho gorilla, he de clared, Is nearest to tho human type. score. His brain, despite the fact that he was not yet a grown-un comparison with that of a two-year-old child than the brain of the chim panzee or orang, both of which stand The Muscle Scientists Found in John Daniel's Foot and Which Was Supposed to Exist Only in Man White Arrows Show its Location. i "John" Had the Brain Development of a Two-Year-Old Child, Compar able to That of His Little Playmate in the Above Photograph. "considered John Daniel a highly ex- "I really couldn't say," remarked subdivided and subdivide. sl"a- ceptlonal gorilla." Dr. au.eory "whether John Daniel led nnd studied, almost to infinity. Most gorillas, ncconlli.g t nr. was a Uirn genius or whether his re- Finally wo shall hear tho full report llormiday, arc morose und IimUss in nmiKablo mental de elopement was of John's brain development nnd capllvlty. The great majority of the due to good heulth and uthcr foitu- possibly, will know authoritatively, joung havo died. John Daniel was a milo conditions." wny il8 aecmcd to understand every.- perfect member of the animal house- John Daniel's brain Ii now under ljilng that went on about htm. hold. His behaviour was marvel- the closest scrutiny. It has been dl. John, as those who saw him knew vlded into many parts, and will be him. la now mounted In the Natural History Museum and, It he Is the object of proper rovcrence, ho will awe generations to come, not only of scle ntlsts, who will have tho charts which will prove that he was the su-poi-gorllla, but of tho children nnd grandchildren of this generation, who Know u remarkable gorilla when they beo ono. Mius Alyso Cunningham, writing for tho Zoological Society Bulletin, lias already told the story of John Daniel's earthly life. Ho was brought to England surreptitiously from tho French gabon with a consignment of monkeys with which tho Government wished to experiment. "Wild ani mals" were forbidden entrance at the time. Major Rupert Penny, Miss Cun ningham's nephew, brought him homo ono evening when John was under three years of ugo. Miss Cunningham confessed that she never liked "anything In the shape of a monkey," but John Im mediately showed seyeral llttlo tricks which he had learned himself, and soon becaino a popular member of tho household. Major Penny himself, n student of primato life, wanted to dotcrmlne tho extent of mentality, which could be developed. Not to be outdone by the humans, John noon caught influenza, "from the public." When he recovered, ho refused to be left alono at night be cause he "wanted company." Ho phricked continually, until Mls.i Cun ningham assuaged his loneliness and fear by bringing his cage to tho room adjoining Major Pennys bed. Then John was happy. He tired of foods very quickly, but' drank a quart of milk dally, and finally growing accustomed to ovei three quarts. He liked to choose his own food, so he was offered fruits of vnrious kinds, and Allowed to maUo his choice. More than anything else ho preferred roses to cat. John was very friendly. He liked visitors. When 'he thought he was being neglected Ito ran to the window and clapped his hands to attract at tention. And to show his sportive In stlnot he sometimes went swiftly, by. Walking Postures of a Gorilla's and a Man's Leg and Foot. those people who seemed ufrald of him and slapped thorn on tlio leg with his foot, grinning tho while according to his former mistress. Ills table man ners became good; lie would never snatch anything from the plate. When he wanted water he went to tlio tap nnd turned on the faucet. John was never taught any trickn. nut he knew how to unlock and open a window, and when pooplo went too close to a window ho pushed them away for fear that they might fait out. He knew that 8 o'clock meant bedtime for him and at that hour would stand on tho rail of ,lils bed and bounce on the springs like a child, sorno times turning head over heels. With tho understanding that John was to go to a prlvato purk In Florida, according to Miss Cunningham, he was sent to America. He was taken away by a stranger and later became very 111. His mlBtress was notified by cable that John Daniel was dying of homesickness and sho started for America. But she arrived too late, for John died, In the tower of Madison Square Garden, in tho last week of Anril. 1921. f John n.'inlel. we're all snrrv 'nii 1.ff us. For you were n mighty One gorilla. Moro power to that muscln In your foot which brought you closer to us, scientifically. But we wish you could have stayed longer with us, ana, perhaps, come a lot closer, scientific cally and otherwise. ft' SB