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' THE EVENING WORLD, FRIDAY, MAY 26j lg22."
1 . JCV- SSTADU8UED JIT JOSEPH PtTMTZBn. ,r. Published txdlr Eicept Bundtr br The rrM PuMlthlnr ' '' Company. No. S3 to tS Park How. Nww York. ItAL.ru PUMTZKn. PrrlJnt. S Prk now. - -- j 3. ANGUS SHAW. Treerarer. J Park now. V ' JOSEPH PULITZItn, Brttary. 63 rrk now. 1 Mrvmxn or the Assocurro rnicss. AtcUte4 ITm U ttclnitrtlr tntlilfd It the me for rimMlr4tIon f tit mi Jnritin rrtdltrd to It ot not einrli trtdlttit la lMi pttr nil alio the local em yubllihtd htrttn. DOZE OR DAZE? ONLY twenty-three persons were present yes terday when the Transit Commission opened its public hearing on proposed alternative routes for rapid transit subways under the Narrows or New York Bay between Brooklyn and Statcn Island. Was The Evening World doing an unnecessary thing in calling for more public interest in the commission's transit plans? Here is a project of far-reaching importance to the city's traction development. The plan has behind it the expert study of the only body that has comprehensive and authoritative grasp of transit needs. And not two dozen citizens care enough about it to attend a public hearing! No wonder Chairman McAneny adjourned the .hearing to June 8 and asked for a Paul Revere to ride through Richmond Borough and wake up the' people to an interest in their own concerns. The Hylan scheme of a combined freight and passenger tunnel to Staten Island is disapproved by the city's own engineers. There is no provision for proper connections for the Hylan tunnel at .either end. And there is grave doubt, as the legis lative act of 1921 now reads, whether if the city built the Hylan tunnel, it could even run trains in it under the plan of municipal operation the Mayor proposes. It is incredible that all Richmond is ready to take, without looking, anything Mayor Hylan says is good for it. The Transit Commission has declared itself "prepared to enter into any manner of practicable "co-operation that will give the Borough of Rich mond its much needed transit relief." The Transit Commission tunnel plan would cost $20,000,000 and connect at both ends with the rest vpf the transit system. t The Hylan tunnel would cost $60,000,000, be doubtful of its connections and quite possibly have no trains in it Are Staten Islanders in a doze or a daze? 1 X M DOUBLE CRISSCROSS. IN all the comment on the Daugherty case one significant chain of events seems to have es caped attention. The sentence in the Felder letter telling of Harry ( Dougherty's anger overMorse's failure to pay for it his release suggests a reason for the whole exposure. . Daugherty, still angry an'd harboring a grudge, ?,)Vecame Attorney General. Morse was up to his old tricks, and it seems reasonable to suppose Daugherty thought it time to even the score. 'i Ji .At anv rale, the Denartment of lustiee nressed t r cnarees acainsi morse, morse pieaainc uincss again went to Europe. This did not impress Daugherty, who forced his return. The documents presented by Senator Caraway bear the earmarks of having come from the Morse files. , If baugherty is waging a grudge fight against Morse, what more natural than that Morse should "tight back in kind? J A moralist could draw many lessons from the bare recital of the events leading up to the double crisscrossing of Daugherty by Morse. But a mor eifalist would be rather out of place in so sordid a ""'spectacle. ("" What seems to be needed is a complete investi ;qation. Then the charges against Morse should ' bekpushed but by a new Attorney General. X ' jj.N the last few days almost every newspaper in 1 the city has protested against the proposed , jaid on Jacob Riis Park by the Navy Department. Civic and social organizations have adopted resolutions of condemnation. No one Iras a good i word to say for the scheme. This is a reflection of something wrong. No ' such wave of protest should be required. The past record of the city is what makes'necessary the present outcry. , The fact is New York ought to have a park policy so well established that the question need never have aroused public attention. If Secretary Denby made such a proposal it should go to the proper authorities and, as a matter of routine, be returned, with a polite, prompt and irrevocable "No." But the situation is not without encouraging features. The very unanimity of public opinion 'ih opposition to this raid is an indication that the city is gaining toward a policy that will handle " 'sich a situation as it should be handled. V1 IT WOULDNT DO IN FICTION. 1LLAIN and hero as "doubles" long furnished a favorite device of authors and dramatists. cFhe theme becan.e" hackneyed and was regarded as m ntoo improbable. k, ' uBut real "doubles" appeared in a New Jeray -tfgourt Vedrrejday and the developments bore out the experiences of the doubles of the stage. The witnesses were confused and identified the wrong persons. The Police Judge rubbed his eyes and was unable to distinguish between the two pris oners, and the legal tangles are not yet ended. No doubt the incident will suggest a new crop of "double" stories by aspiring writers of fiction. But beware 1 Editors will view the yarns with a cold and unfeeling eye, even if accompanied by clippings of the news story on which the plot .is based. "Doubles" are not "true to life.". They no longer belong in fiction. Doubles are too improb able. They only happen in fact. MORE LLOYD GEORGE TONIC. AN outline of the Russian problem to date, a cheery hope that the reports of the various commissions at Genoa will have a good effect on trade, transportation, tariffs, currencies, &c, a brief but eloquent eulogy of the Genoa Conference as showing "the deep, passionate anxiety of the nations represented to have peace" with no more than that Lloyd George won from the House of Commons a vote of 235 to 26 for what amounted to an expression of confidence. Who but Lloyd George could have done it? Who but Lloyd George can analyze difficulties and failures so engagingly as to arouse new spirit to overcome them? Perhaps the most ingenious thing he did was to contrive to leave an impression that the Russian memorandum that broke up the conference was due to a. date that May 1 demonstrations in Russia were what caused the Russian representa tives at Genoa to become intractable and "nail their flag to the barren fig tree of communism." He thinks the Soviet delegates who come to The Hague will come in a chastened mood, prepared to give compensation, concessions and bonds in return for the credits they ask. He is hopeful of The Hague, delighted with the truce and convinced that "we have already cap tured positions from which a further advance can be made." It is easy to let in gloom on the picture. It is easy to take Lloyd George to pieces and frown over the dismantled parts. But who is rash enough to deny that Lloyd George is the most tonic influence in the world to-day in places where and at moments when such influence is most needed? Tho slogan of the campaign (or safety at grade crossings Is: "Cross crossings cautiously." Tongue-twist It cautiously. "BABE" IN TROUBLE AGAIN. BABE RUTH'S outbreak at the Polo Grounds vesterdav couldn't even be blamed in tlir- heat. It seems to have been a manifestation of prima donna temperament in aggravated form. , Only a few days ago a sporting writer explained Ruth's tremendous hitting on the ground that he had no nerves. Yesterday he had nerves, and they were extremely jumpy. For the trouble, with Umpire Hildebrand the Babe can offer no excuse. In extenuation he can only plead that it is not a habit, and promise not to repeat the performance. His defiant attitude, over the escapade of climb ing into the grandstand is even less creditable. Professional ball players must expect to take the "razzing" along with the adulation. It is part of the job. Although Ruth's action cannot be condemned too severely, it is also in order to criticise his critics in the grandstand. Even before he had his trouble with the umpire, the fans had been riding him for failure to hit. ' This ragging showed poor sportsmanship in the stands. Not even a five-day slump by a star earned the jeers and catcalls he received. At any rate, Ruth was trying his best and he deserved more of a trial than he got. ACHES AND PAINS Col. Harvey's appearance in London with his giant intellect incased in a white "topper" has starttpd two continent). Maybe lie is cultivating it as a campaign utensil. Horace Greeley's white beaver served as a gonfalon once upon a time. Funny how things work. ' Lots of men who were bnce users of strong drink are fervent "drys," and many who were temperate are the dampest kind of wets." Tea in Thibet is cooked up with butter and salt and is more of a food than a drink. The heartless Tribune jettisons Jlarry Daugherty is if one Jonah would save the ship. It will need a load of 'em to do the trick. Dorothy Canfleld Fisher, in the Nation, says the Termonter is not afraid of being poor because he is poor already and has been for a hundred and fifty years. He is not alone in this form of majestic inde pendence. It has been the habit of sundry Illinois statesmen i to cultivate the look of Abraham Lincoln. Shelby M. Cultom and Uncle Joe Cannon camouflaycd inh whis kers of the chinny type. Senator Mctllll l('or,.:k:, is devoting his efforts to facial expression fnllowiug lines rar'er than the hirsute. JOHN KilSTSS. Artificial Flowers Copyrlht. 1B22. (New York Kvrnlng World) By l'rem Pub. Co. By John Cassel From Evening World Readers What kind ot letter do you find most readable? Ian' tit the ana that gives the worth of a thousand words in a couple oi hundred? There is fine mental exercise and a lot of satisfaction in tiyini to atjr much in few words. Take time to be brief. A School for the Denf. To the Editor of The Ecnlnir Worlds A teacher of Hp rcRdln In the West has written the follon-lnB let ter to harJ ot hearing or deafened persons In her city: "Up reading turns a physical handicap Into a mental achievement. If your deafness makes any differ ence In your ability to understand spoken language you are deaf enough to need lip reading. Peoplo who read the Hps do not consider their deaf ness an affliction. Ilrmcmbcr, if rt deafened person would succeed ho must be more efficient than his com petitor with good hearing. Lip reading will increase your efficiency 100 per cent. ' 'Except for missing music, I have almost forgotten that I cannot hear," Is what one Hp reader says. Don't you owe It to your family and your friends to make communication with you aa cosy as possible? No one need bo useless because of deafness In these days of lip reading. Give yoursolf a chance to enjoy life by learning to 'listen with your eyes.' " Thero Is no cost connected with It In Public Evening School No. 93, corner or 83d street una Amstcr-i dam Avenue, whero the Board of Education offers the opportunity to study this "subtle art" to all Who wish to Join the clasfes there, wnicn arc conducted on Monday. Tuesday and Wednesday evenings from 7.45 to 9.45, freo of charge. Who can afford to remain behind when all the world is steadily advuncing? May we ask you to afford Bpaco for this? Without publicity wo arc unable to reach the many hard of hearing or deafened persons In busi ness or In tho trados, of whom it has been estimated that there are over 100,000 in this city alone. 1KM.V S. GOTTLIHM, Principal. P. S. No. 93. New York, May 23, 1922. Marylnnd. To the Editor o." The Evening World: Maryland, as !t was painted by Henry Mencken In a recent Issue of the Nation, Is due for considerable coirccllon From Hk early colonial day to the oresent tlmw tho liberal Ucmrnt lias predominated, and It hat always been noted for H. gaycty nnujir tho great Commonwealth of the Union. It Is to-duy one of the very few States whero the sport of klngB may still bo enjoyed, and the horso racing fraternity from distant titatcs come here to tee the hortrs porfurm at the various tracks Plmllco, Laurel, Havre df ' .i i ' an ' !' The bicu'l iitM ( f i l.osMpealie llu mi- nuiUI fuiuull . n. ami Maryland as the homo of tho devilled orab. and the oyater. Too shore oi tho Chesapeake arc equally famous 'or hunting. Scenic beauty abounds fi-om the stately estuaries of Chesa peake nay to tho peaks of the ulue Ridge Mountains. Maryland's greatest city, Baltimore, Is one of the most plcifsant and charming cities in America, rich In historic Interest, and as quaint as It is modern. Annapolis on the Severn, the an clcnt capital of Maryland, contains the United States Naval Academy, one oftho greatest institutions of Its kind in the world. Tho manifold places of interest and beauties of Maryland would necessitate considerable space. See It, and sing with tho natives. "Maryland, My Maryland." ORIOLE. Baltimore, Md May 20, 1922. Knf lnilnam Compared. To the Kdltor ot The Evening World: If It Is true, as "Prohibitionist' states, that a portion of the audience at Madison Square Garden, May 3 was composed of "dry" sympathizers this may explain why a number of persons walked out while Sajnyel Gompcrs was speaking toward the close of tho meeting, so that this premeditated act might have a dls heartening effect on those who re mained. More than one person that nlgbt suspected that thlB was the work of the Prohibitionists. It may be that some Prohibition ists nttended tho Madison Square meeting to ascertain what tho "other bide" had to say, and if they were able to respond to the appeal of rea feon, logic and Justice they should have been properly Impressed and enlightened. Tho writer lecently heard William Jennings Hryan speak at tho Marble Collegiate Church hero In favor o Prohibition, under the auspices of the National Temperance Society, and It is probably safe to say that ho was tho only Antl-Prohlbltlonlst present, Mr.' Bryan and tho other speakers at tempted to stir only tho emotions with tho usual puerile Prohibition sentimentality, to the general effect that alcohol alone Is responsible for all the Ills of humanity. It did not seem to occur to any of the speakers that beer or wlnu might Iks bcneflcl nlly used In moderation. Perhaps, as on) of tho speakers stated, there have been cases whero babies have been born blind on account of tho excessive uso of alcohol by one of the parents, but to Infer that this Inevitably hap pencd If the father or mother drank a gloss ot brer or winn wai ridkn. loin In tho rMrcmf, althoijli ,t u;,s i-oliJlily bd i .d l inuLi of i l.i- ati dim -' Theie was h ii.it milJ 1 1', .....s when Mr. Bryan spoke, but It atcmed jfioro uuo a auiy, man. an ifiapu&uos; UNCOMMON SENSE By John Blake (Copyright, 1922. by John Dlake.) A WAITING WORLD. News editors will tell you that there has been a tremen-j dous slump in news since the signing of the armistice. So vast was the war, so tremendous the tidings that came out if it, that the evcry-day happenings that interested pcojilc before 191-1 seem now to have lost all importance. Since the most exciting of all news .is news of battle, information about battles which compared to those of the wnr seem utterly insignificant are little heeded by the public and are consequently worth little space in the newspapers. Another factor in this news slump is the fact that the world is wniting though it hardly knows just what it is waiting for. But the problems arising from the war are not yet settled. There has been little readjustment, little resump tion of trade between the nations. Until matters are- settled or on their way to settle ment, it seems idle for men to do anything but wait to wait interminably till conferences and parleys shall decide what is to be done about the troubles of the nations. Such a finie gives little incentive to invention, little to originnl thought or investigation. Brilliant minds that might otherwise be giving off ideas as radium gives off rays are busied with heavy and tungled problems of world affairs. Parliaments and Congressmen are absorbed with seri ous matters and matters which, inasmuch as they under stand them but vaguely themselves, they cannot make the people understand at all. Capital is timid, for it is never sure of what may happen nnd as a consequence there arc few new and picturesque experiments in trade or manufacture. Tho contagion of this waiting spirit is caught by the multitude. Every man one meets is waiting for something, for a mysterious millcnium which will set him to work in the old way, with the same interest in life that he had before the war. Such a time is by no means hopeless. It is n time of great opportunity. Achievement is easy or difficult accord ing to the number of men who are striving for it. The man or woman who has a grcnt work to do has a better chance of getting it done now than at any other time. For half the world is dormant, and in that half of the world arc many whose competition would be troublesome if they went out after tlic same sort oi aciucvcmem. Romances of Industry By Winthrop Diddle. Copyright, 1922, (New York Brenlng World) by Preei Publishing Oo. 'i XIX. HOW AN INVENTION KILLED AN INDUSTRY. Tho disappearance of tho whaling; fleet from the Arctic Seas Is an In teresting story. It happened almost overnight, becnuso somebody in civil ized latitudes discovered a substitute for whalebone. But even the substitute was not destined to havo clear sailing. It had hardly established Itself on tho market when the women of tho world gavo It a collective Blap In the face by refusing to wear' anything near the amount of "bone" In their corsets and other costumes they used to. Back In 1906 tho bowhead whale hunters were making fortunes by ven turing Into Arctic Seas and coming back with" hugo cargoes of tho sub stance for which they thought there could bo no substitute. Thero aro about 2,000 pounds of "bone" In a largo bowhead. Ono of the largest catches was sixty-three whales In two seasons by a single ship. At $4 or $5 a pound that rep resented a fortune for the owners, the commander nnd the crow on tho basis of a proportionate shnro In the catch. Other vessels caught similar car goes. Everybody was getting rich on tho spouting denizens of tho deep. Tho risk was regarded as amply com pensated for by the results. If a whaler novor returned, tho loss of ship and crew was regarded as part of the game. Tho Invention of the commercial ubstltuto brought tho price from 4 or $5 a pound to 30 or 40 cents. That brought tho price of a big bow head whale down from 8,000 or even $10,000 to from $400 to $800. That, of course, knocked the bot tom clean out of tho Industry. The whaling fleet vanished from the Arctic Seas In a year. , Vllhjalmur Stefansson, the Arctlo explorer, who has clear-cut views on the problem of feeding , tho, world, Is authority for tho statement that Arctic whaling Is not likely to bo re sumed except for fertilizer or for food. And he is very much for the re sumption of whaling as a source of food supply. Ho says: 'There aro several countries now where whale meat Is considered good to eat. If wo do not care to accus tom ourselves to whale meat, Interna tional arrangement might bo made so that peoplo who already like It can get It, leaving that much moro beef and pork for the others. "That money can bo made through turning whale steaks Into fertilizer should not bo argument enough for such waste of food. "Tho chemists have learned to make fertilizer out of tho air,' but steaks are as yet beyond their power." Which reads like horse sense. it was nothing to comparo with the tremendous enthusiasm displayed by thoso who attended tho Antl-Prohibition meetings at Carnegie Hall and Madison Square Carden. The general typo of thoso nt the Brynn meeting appeared to lw that of a pale-faced, self-righteous fanatic well meaning, perhaps, but bigoted v.-lthal. -They were not the kind of red blooded Americans who protest against mnMng a parody of the Con - -. .1 m.iir. an I a-, ml i mgi'mcnt on theii i.ylua ol i-iuiiul conduct. 1. c. quinn. New York, VZ 204 19 22, wnjOSE IHRTIfDAYl . MAY 26. COUNT NICHOLAS LEWIS ZINZENDORF was born In Dresden, Germany, on May 25, 1700, and died in Herrnlvut, May 1760. Ho studied at Halle and Wlttenburg, where ho took courses in science, l.terature and theology In 1722 he married Countess Heuss von KbersJorf and soon after estab 'nlied a R'ttlcnient on his estnto for I'rolcstant refugees, naming it licrrn hut. It was there that John Wesley found, bki religious enthusiasm, and, From Nature's Past Copyright. 1022 (New York Evening World), new i uuiipiiins company. THE NEWBURGH ELEPHANT. Among the Interesting exhibits at the American Museum of Natural History are the remains of, an eloph- ant-llke creature, close kin to the elephant of the circus, that onco lived whero the city of Newburgh now stands. The skeleton, the most perfect re mains of tho mastodon ever found, was unearthed in 1845, on the farm of Nathaniel Brewster, and nought by Prof. John C. Warren of the Harvard Medical School, for hts' private col lection. The mastodon found at Newburgh lived so long before Newburgh gave a Governor to New York, that It Is Impossible to determine the date of his birth, the length of his life or the time of his death. Hut he was a huge JunVbo-llke creature with long tusks and a heavy, covering of hair that enabled hlra to defy the low temperature "of the Newburgh winter. We can Imagine this ancestor to the elephant striding down to the Hudson Rtvjer in tho cool of a sum mer's early evening and trumpeting out his Joy of living many centuries before there was an Albany boat to disturb his serenity. WHERE DID YOU GET THAT WORD? 170 CAMPAIGN. Tho word campaign is an admirable Illustration of tho changes In the meaning of words in tho course of centuries. Originally a campaign (Latin "cam panla" and Italian "campagna") meant a wide-open country, a plain without hills or mountains. In such territory military move ments wcro carried on to ths'.r con clusion, cither In victory or defeat, followed by a lull In tho hostilities. From this plain on which military operations wcro carried out, tho word legan, In tho English language at least, to mean tho operations them selves. And from that military uso came our use of "campaign" to designate u political or other contest carried out to Its conclusion formulated plans of tho flno mission ary work ho conducted in America. In 1739 Count Zlnzendorf visited the missionary field of tho West Indies, came to New York In 1741, and soon after went to Pennsylvania, where he founded Bethlehem. Ills religious piojccts were often misunderstood, and In 1736 he was banished from Saxony. Hut in 1719 the Government rescinded the deerrn and begged him to establish within Its Jurisdiction more settlements like that at Herrn J but,