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THE E V 33 JN i N CI WORLD, HoUDAX, hi A Y 20, 1022.
NcwYorkAlienCfcaring House of the U & Of 805,228 Who Entered This Country Last Year, 560,971 Landed at This Port-Of 247,718 Who Departed 203,041 Left via New1 York. By Major Joseph Caccavajo ! thnttHting Engineer and Expert on Population and EtatUtict of (Tut Citv of Veto yorfc. Oese-rlght, ItM, 'Hew York Xvtolnc Torl4) by Press rubtUhln Oo. D AT attar daj; account appear . .. ... la th. .p.P.r. about the vat number ot Immigrants who arrive In this country from Europe or other sections of the earth. It ts generally believed that they are at one poured Into our great BMltraar pot, there to remain, become mors or less Amertoanlzed. and msjte Jot thamaelv a permanent home bera. Because little of asythtes is mea fclo&ed about the httjre number who tor America to return to their home In other lands few reallze that out of every ten who oome to these (more only seven remain. To those who enter, the Btatue of tVtbarty no dotfbt Is a symbol of all it fas supposed to hare been erected to represent That many ot the newly arrived, alien dream that Miss Lib erty la carrying a bug ot cold as well as special privileges la "probably not far from the fact, because most of them come here to get something; they could not get where they oome from. But what about those who are going back to the land of their birth after having acquired In most cases suf ficient money to meet their individual requirements? They came here seek ing liberty and gold. Having acquired the cola, are they going back to pur chase the liberty which they could act sit or eonalder they could not get o-cal!ed 3 per cent, restriction of for hre ia this country? tign ,ramsratlon for another two years. In this connection figures which have Just been made publlo in 1 Oi total of 805,338 immigrant the 1921 annual report of the Com allens admitted duTlng the fiscal year mlssloner General of Immigration, 1MI, the records ehow that S50.D71 h"rl'5fr the occupaUons of resident aliens who departed from New TVirv were admitted through the port of . ... v lcu lrom fsew ork to take up their -permanent residence Kew Tork. and of 247.718 emigrant m otner ,and3 ud lncomlnp aUena aliens leaving the United States, 303,- from out Bide of the United Stated 41 departed from this port. wh on entering declared their in- Th importance of the question of 1ntIon f Ne York their place of abode In th- ... "1u IClty and State of New Tork may be realised by the knowledge that 363.641 In the compilation of these figures Immigrants declared their Intention non-n"nlgranta and non-emigrants ct making New Tork thelrpennanent ZlT'f Th6 UnUed , . sutes authorities have ruled Immi nence, the second largest num- grant alien, are arriving alien, whose fear otng to Pennsylvania, which got permanent domicile has been outside SMsX Uassachusetts rot 64,053, United States and who Intend Illinois 41.351. Ohio 43,3-S, New Jer- to reaMo Permanently In this country. y 4I.ITT. and California 4M?. .""en' wh" manent residence has been. In the United Of those who departed TI.M6 were SUtes and who Intend to reside per- resldents of New Tork, 84.171 from raanently abroad are classified as eml- Pennsrlvanla, 30,007 from Ohio, 17.85J srant aliens. Those making tempo- from Illinois. 15.788 from Msaaachu- v,B,ta lo cil direction, as al- Bttts, ll.STS from California and Vt.iSt fljcn New Jersey. Allen emigrants, equal in number to the entire population of the City of Troy, or over half as many as the total population ot Bridgeport, left New Tork last year to take up their permanent residence outside of tho United States. uur h the declaration that Only two dtles In the State of New hey ,nt"d to Permanent resl- dents of this country. Tork Buffalo and Rochester have a wuh ... Wlln ni In mind, it would seem rreater number of residents than the that actual figures and facts as to tho number who emigrated from thts occupations and previous means of ob. country last year. talnlng a livelihood of our alien imml- True, it may be. that for every one pranUl shouW be of "Pedal Interest. e8PecialIy this time when everv who left the country, thiee or four " " ery atncy at our command Is striving to came In with every intention of re- obtain employment for those who are malnlng here as permanent residents, already here and when the problems but nevertheless we must agree that growing out of the Immigration re. the loss of thousands snd thousands trictlon are becoming more serl- . . ou ovcry time a ship arrives from of revenue producing men and women Europfl prMpecUv, is worthy of considerable attention for American citizenship. from every one In the city Interested Comparison of immigration and eml- ln Its future growth and prosperity, rratlon statistics show that In the professional classifications. Including actors, architects, clergy, editors, elec Th men and women who went triclans. engineers (professional), Uw. .way last year wre of no particular yers, literary and scientific persons, Tc or creed. Every nationality, musicians, physicians, sculptors ami creed and color shown on th. list of teacher, and other profession- Iten Immigrants was Included In the list of alien .emigrants. Did the pared to 1,551 departing former resl present or former occupation of the dents. Of these. 387 actors came In aliens, who cam In or went out, have and 139 wsnt out; 306 clergy entered, anything to do with their owning or goingr seemingly not. y ,g u the nat,onal, of ,sv.n ... ,,,.. ... , much greater number than allena from these same countries are arrtv- lng here? Why are we now getting larger numbers from some countries thad we admitted In the years of greatest Inward flow before the World War? How are we to And employ ment for a quarter of a minion new residents In lines of work which their previous training makes them best fitted to do? These and hundred of other questions which are obvi ously connected with tfie whole prob lem cannot be disregarded because after all Is s&td and done, adding sev eral hundred thousand people to the population of even tho biggest cltj; In the world. Is bound to have consid erable Influence upon the lives of every man, woman and child In the city. President Hardlntr has approved the action of Congress continuing the be of considerable Interest at this time. jooay ataiea. are not lneliM l .v. - viio rrthis article. 'WCU UWm Uie1 Much has been written and said about the number and various nation alities of immigrants, but there has been llttlo inf..u - '"""iinuon puDusned cov ering the former training and occupa- tlons of the people who are entering am, o.ivu wcro aammea declaring In- tended residence in New York as com- r 135 left: professional engineers, 88S in and 114 out; musicians, 420 In and 10D out; teachers, 1,132 came here to live and 184 quit us for permanent resi dence In foreign lands. In the skilled occupations those clas sifications with over one thousand coming to New York as permanent residents show: Bakers, 1,182; barbers and hairdressers, 1,675; carpenters and joiners, 8,2(4; clerks and accountants, 6,838; dressmakers, 4,386; mariners, 3,364: hit ! masons, 2,034; seamstresses, shoemakers, 8,943; tailors, - ' .... .-, .....v, iura. 5.797. No single classification with the exception of clerks and acunt- ants, which had 1,132. exceeded 600 amons those who left New York, tho carpenter, with 483 and tailor with 4?7 being second and third in the list of departing emigrants. The total lm- migrants In skilled class waa 60,103, and New York emigrants was 6,663. In the miscellaneous classifications 27,620 New York laborers departed and 49,123 laborers came In: 35,237 serv- ants came in and 2,566 left. The next largest number was 7,578 farm labor- ers admitted, to 227 of this classlftca- tlon departing. Farmerc showed 4,693 sdmltted, to 1,793 going away. The total in the miscellaneous claa- slflcatlona was 113,883 Immigrant to 46,799 emigrants. Those having no occupatlon, Including women and children, numbered 97,225 arrivals to 11,624 departing, with a grand toUJ it of 3(3,640 persons Who came from foreign lands to live in New York. compared to 72,626 of our residents ---,'- u n i4,ota u L our ico.ucmo wh left, with the declared Intention f returning no more, Indicating a net increase In population dun to excess' f Immigration over emigration of 191.014. There oan be no doubt that the chief consideration which Influenced our National Government to restrict lm- migration la tha claim made by the exponent of restrictive legislation that th chief danger entailed by un- restricted Immigration lies, not so much In th social and racial evils whloh are so oftn and vehemently enlarged upon by many speakers and writers, but to the Industrial fields where the continuous arrival of large numbers of unskilled laborers ss well as thousands of workmen In many lines of trade, who come fiom roun- tries where living cond'ljns aic su much inferior to what they arc here. not only lowers the average rats SXmv A1! li Wfl8res but tends to lower the stand- apd ot 'lvlnff among wage earners gen- emJ1'' U la 1ulte universally conceded tnat approximately 80 per cent of the aliens who come here remain as real- denta of on8 of 1119 flv horoughs of the Clty of Naw York- Wlth this as a basis It ts fair to estimate that con- slderably over 210,000 Immigrant aliens Became resmenia oi mo city last year. Deducting for those who It would seem that having admitted emigrated on the same basis would these people to share these thing. Indicate a clear gain of nearly 163,000 whloh we as Americans have boen In population by reason of foreign privileged to enjoy, wo should flint Immigration. help them to secure employment so For awhile, at least after they ar- that along with instructions In True rive In this cotintry, those who come Americanism they may become self hore from most foreign countries are respecting nnl nelf-supportlng cltl Inclined to seek their owr? kind, and zens of our city and State, it Is for this reason that there aie A careful wtinU of tho former oc localltlcs In tho civ when- Italian, ciipations "f tWu who conio here to Itusslan, Yiddish, llung.irinii, Polish, lle, as ucll is thoso who lcae each of Slovenian, Qreek, Armenian. Turkish, Chinese, Ukrainian and other Ian- ' w... guages arc even more common than our own. Many, (organizations have been formed within the past few years, especially since the wsr. seeking to Americanize the newly arrived aliens and to further the spread of a pro- gramme which will spell ONE FLAO, ONE COUNTRY and ONB LAN- UTJAQE. yiar with the declaration that they, lUOTPinr It ll ' MiWmmmm:v Art sl nereafter take up their perma- will uejcaiior innu n . . . . nent resldcnce m BOme other country. should bo helpful to those who -re so enthusiaatlcally endeavoring to help tne allen immigrants, I ba aom8 tew months before tha flgurM tor the full year under operation 0( the 3 per cent, restriction legisifttlon are available, and there Is evarv TMBOa to believe that there will be some startling changes In the make-up of the peoples who enter, so far as occupations are concerned. New York City, more than any place else In the country, has to meet such changes as occur both In Immigration and emigration, and the Influence upon our hollaing and general eco nomic conditions presents one of the most serious problems of tho many with which this city Is confronted eveiy day in the ypnr. practically all of which require Immediate unil In- telllgent solution. .. W I., ft., i LAB Q R ERo;a( --JC - l.fcA, r. -s v w- IMMIGRATION AND" EMIGRATION To and From New York In 1921. Immigrant all&nt ieclarino -;'l tentlon of remaining In New York j emigrant aliens Having (048, permanent residence in New Tork: , CAME IN. WENT OUT. 4,780... Afrlosn (bl.ok) ... 400 3,165 Armenian 163' Bohemian and Moravian 363 (Czooh 127 Bulgarian, Serglan and S32 Montenegrin 1,605 497 Chinese ........ 40. i,609.Croatian and Slovenian 44t 821 ,.. Cuban Dalmatian, Bosnian and 163.... Herzsgovinlan , 007. .Dutch and Fl.ml.h.. 103 East Indian ..... W9f a 0,328 English 4,477 962 Finnish 815 4.354 French 1,859' 5,804 Carman 2.825: 9,811 Qreek 5,0ef n rr I . I a 13,03 nourow ., oia 13,099 Irish 837, 82,440 Italian 18.611 431 Japanese 371 3 Korean 1i I70 Lithuanian 6Se 2,065 Magyar 852 673 Mexican 818 2... Paclfio Islander ... 1' 7,163 Polish 11,80 1,387 Portuguese 38ll 1,854 Roumanian ..... 361 852 Russian 4,715 209.Ruthenlan (Russnlak, 89' Scandinavian, (Nor 6,303.weglan, Dans, Swede). 2,571 4,149 8eoteh 571 5,482 Slovak 3,151; 12,804 Spanish 3,944. 1,678. ..Spanish American... W3 1,463 Syrian 230 144 Turkish 23 292 Welsh 84 West Indian (exoept 956 Cuba 408 612..,. Other Peoples .... fit. 263,640.. ...... ToUl ........ 72i; V