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' THE EVENING WORLD, SATURDAY, JUNE 17, 1922.
o 15 flow to Approach Him How to Break His Grip if He Clings to You How to Bring Him In How to Restore Him if Apparently Drowned. 1 'tr Jt "J 8fW tfissi ay ;ir- a. TV Most Effective Methods Described by Commodore Ray nor of Volunteer Life Saving Corps. By Jerry Daly. CTTTliht. 1922 (New York Eventns World) Dy i're Putjitahlng Co. HE appalling loss of life In the torrential storm of Sunday last In and about tho waters of this city has served onco again to magnify the urgency of compulsory summing Instruction not alone In tho public schools but Jn tho private schools as well. That swimming should bo made a , part of tho curriculum of elementary education has been too often dem onstrated, unfortunately for the vic tims. In the wators about Greater New Tork last year 3G6 persons went to their death by accidental drowning, find twenty-ono others designedly ended their lives. Theso figures show H slight lncreaso over tho totals for the year 1920. The deaths of op Ctjf proximately 100 persons Inst Sunday will bring the 1922 list up to an un precedented record. That more than twice the number drowned In 1921 did not perish from submersion last Sunday Is due In preat measure to tho volunteer setv Ices of 6,500 members of tho Untied Htates Volunteer Life Saving Corps, nn organization founded la 1890 by the Into J. Wesley Jones. UiSr bora of that public spirited body of Ing hands In toward body, which brings the thumbs against the wrists. This compels tho patient to let go be causo of the pain In tho thumb. "3. Drlng the right hand on the left shoulder and tho left hand on the right shoulder. Turn patient back to you, ready for earning. "Now suppose a man grabs you around the neck. This Is what you should do: "1. Placo the left hand on tho small of tho back. "2. Bring tho right hand outsldo of his .arm and on tho point of his tjhin. "3. Press In hand on tho left hand nnd force the head back quickly with the right hand. The strain across tho back of the neck causes the muscles to relax. "4. Immediately turn tho body back to you In position to carry. "Suppose a drowning man grabs you around the neck from behind and, drawing his arms tightly across your windpipe, stops you from breathing, what would you do7 "1. Immediately grasp the right wrist with the right hand and tho left wrist with the left hand; throw tho body forward quickly. "2. As you draw tho prcssuro on the hands, your head Is thrown back Into the face of the drowning person, Tho blow causes the muscles to relax. "3. Tho hands are then thrown up and the head carried sldewlse from underneath the arms, bringing tho person in position for tho overarm carry. "There Is another matter to bo con sidered In connection with this sub- simply a matter of bearing tho pain and letting tho affected part remain still. But, If you have a cramp in the stomach, you have no help for you are drawn forward. Therefore, you must not be too ventuiesome and go too far from shore alone, even though a strong swimmer. "Two-thirds of the cases reported as drowned are really cases of heart failure. An accident recently Illus trates: Two brothers wero In ths water, one was suddenly seized with cramps and the other disappeared. The youth with cramps was rescued. The other could not be found. Finally we located him and ho was dead of heart failure the shock of seeing his brother go down had probably caused tho attack. "If a person should happen to fall Into the water fully dressed. Just ro membcr that your clothes are full of air. The only article thut will sink Is your Bhoes. It Is uncomfortable to swim In your clothes, but swim slowly and the clothes will keep you up. "In caso you cannot swim and you fall overboard the thing to do Is to keep tho hands under water, with tho mouth and nose slightly above tho water and to make the motion of Commodore mrssk- n km. -s . ' ..... . c-a ----- - t civilian guardians of life and prop- ject, and that is shock. Shock Is pres- erty manifested exemplary heroism under the most hazardous and peril ous conditions, Involving their per sonal safety a commodity which tlv seem to figuratively throw to the winds when the life of another Is In peril. Under the leadership of Commodore Charles B. Raynor, tho United States Volunteer Life Savings Corps, with headquarters at tho Municipal Build ing whore the only three paid employ ees are quartered, has built up h tplendld esprit do corps and is main taining a standard of high moraje, which, when coupled with the valor of Its personnel, accounts for the suc cessful achievements In rescuing per sons from drowning. Commodore Kaynor, an authority fin the methods to bo omployed In rescuing persons from drowning and Who advocates compulsory swimming lessons, In a special Interview has Outlined for Evening World readers Ihe methods employed by members of his organization In rescue work and rrmtorltntinn. nnil linn nlun clven Homo Ixcellent advice to bathers, designed ko guard them against many dangers. "Many persons Imagine that a Irownlng man or woman has tho trcngth of two or three persons. That Is not true, for when a drown- kig man begins to take water Into his lings, he begins to weaken. There Is i regular method of breaking any frlp that a drowning person may lave on you, for experience has iaught us the various bolds that a drowning man may take. "Go behind tho person to bo lescued and not in front. Many per kons about to bo rescued, even though jhey cannot swim, nevertheless rianage to turn toward their Intended fescuor and grab hold of him. If such I thing happens, the best proccduro k follow In breaking his grip Is this: "1. Hands are thrown directly up. "2. Hands are thrown dowa, turn- ent In most all cases of submersion and Is more Important than water In tho lungs. During and after resusci tation, treatment should be given for shock. Warm bottles and blankets should bo placed against tho body. Tho body should be rubbed toward th heart from tho extremities. Get a good circulation and remember that shock Is tho hardest thing to be ban Bled in drowning cases. "After the patient Is free from water on tho lungs, and breathing well, he Is liable to succumb to s-hock. Don't give liquor, If you can help It. Aromatic spirits of ummonia is very good. Do not give anything through the mouth until the person Is con scious and breathing thoroughly, then give hot cone. "As you know, cramps play an Im portant part In many drowning cases. If a person Is swimming and gets a cramp In tho arm or leg, he need not worry about It. Ho can float it Is MO! i mi ti eat "7 7. 1 T8 y syj'" warn under arm ;mxt c&rry V nnrr llli Vnelhod or Prone resuscitation Wtol' )&z Qe person mljjgj? S &PVv u&8&& " " out of Wdler J??pf obrrmg mm .ye l 1 M Hed carry, bands over ears ot rescued man. 1? g m Rreakir 5Tr5nl T3T running upstatrn. Keep your trrt moving, or get hold of your ankles and bond thtm buck. "Hut, even If you aro tho best of swimmers, don't bo careless. Don't go out tilunn, or without a boat nearby Many good swimmers huvu iJiouiimI bocuuse of a sudden attack of iTumin when they aro ulone and any swim mer Is subject to an attack at any time." Commotion) Ituynor, n sailor In s ytiutli, has salleil tho provoililal em n st'HH nntl is a nuutlcul man ttirfigli nnd through. He has lieen In the i"'r-thirty-two years, having Jolna! Hi Old Mill SUtlon on Jamaica Day. Hu ..r T i i 1 1 TO RESTORE THE APPARENTLY DROWNED THE FOUR IMPORTANT FACTORS ARE: Get person out of water. Get passage clear of fluids. , I Restore breathing. Stimulate when patient can swallow and promote circulation. GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR OPERATING: Without delay lay patient face downward on flat surface, arms extended above head; rest forehead on forearm. Kneel astride patient or to one side and let weight of upper part of the body fall on your hands press on lower or short ribs of patient thus contracting air space in chest, forcing air out. By relaxing the pressure an equal time inspiration is effected when the ribs and muscles spring back and enlarge the chest capacity. Twelve to fifteen times a minute is the time for the combined operation. The tongue drops forward naturally and requires no holding; fluids run out freely. One man can work easily by this method and the patient is able to get more air. Do not promote circulatiotvuntil after tho treatment has been begun, and do not try stimulation by the mouth until the patient can swallow. Use diluted spirits or aromatic spirits of ammonia in teaspoon doses. Keep patient warm, dry: put to bed and keep quiet: Precau tions should be taken to prevent pneumonia or possible collapse of heart. Always get medical aid as soon as possible. front wint to Albany In 1890 to odvotato ilm It'gislaUio bill whlrh ituw to the (in rm its tlrst appropriation fiuin tho Si . of Now York. He holds a gold mcd.il for tlx- rrs tiie of six it en parsons In ll'nipsicail Hii'bor In 18'J0, whero ho dove unltr ns mnny as h'jvui bars, attached to the lucdat. To tench prrsons how to swim, rather than to mut- them from tho peril of death by ilnm num. Is the blg Ktr aim of thin vKlutittiT .miiy uhlth labors In season and out of season the hail of nu overturned yucht and to spreatl Its rules anil regulations for pr serving llfo ami property too. Tho corps was formed on thu follow ing principles: Mslabllslilng volunteer rrews at waterfront danger points whero there Is no (Jovernment life-saving station, (Jiving Instructions In swim ming, boat handlln. ruculnjc i i iiseu sixteen women. In lh- nonr future, Mayor Hjlin l I pin medals for llfo savliur on If'1' iii iiiiiers of the corps. MKs Id t oa iMirne, secretary of the corps Ims pre wired n list of modal winners wnn to i. announced. Tho medal nr-) for , i"s madu last year. In homo of tue cases, one member Is to rccilvo and resuscitating tho apparently drowned, tlrst aid to thu Injuiud, signalling, &c. Providing life-saving apparatus and means to save llfo with thu least risk on tho part of tho ros cuor. Electing sulablo life-saving and emergency stations. Presenting medals and awurds for heroic rescues or attempts at rescue. Preserving records of horolo acts and faithful service In tho corps. diving exhibitions of work In recue, resuscitation, ami all sorts of "first aid" and relief woik for public Instruction. Promoting Improvements nnd Inventions of life-saving appll anees and equipment. There are thirty-eight stations maintained by the corps In tho ilvo boroughs of the city and during tho year 1921 Its members repotted for duty and wero registered lu tho log book of tho slntlons n total of as 34 u tlms. The eight stations in M.m hnttan lead nil othors for aetivil tho Manhattan monitors having if portnl for duty 16,905 times. Before a young man Is accepted fur srvle,l& lb 604" he must endurg age for cu and pass the following prescribed test : Applicants for membership must swim at least 100 yards without tho help of title or current. In order to facllltatu recovering a drowned eron quickly tho appli cant must go down from tho surfac In seven to ten feet of water and. bring up a gUen object. Officers must bring up a wolght The candidate Is required to csrry . a person near his own weight, by three of the six carriers taught by tho corps (In tleep water), while swim ming twentj yards. The candiU.ito must demonstrate In deep water Uiv method of breaking threo of thu six death-grip holds taught by the corps. Ho must inquire into anil perfect himself In the Schaefer method of n nisi-UuUun of tho apparently drowned. Commissioned olllcers must hold thomsolvos ready for a quiz on lesus cltatlon at any time, and to protect their t'tnmnlHslon, they must hold a assistance to Injured persons. No members' ,ilues and no assessments aro e.er exacted. Tho municipality furnishes tho equipment, such as boats, buoys, f irt-t aid kits, rop', and nil other appliances. Tho mlmlmuni. bera is eighteen years.