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THE EVENING WORLD, MONDAY, JULY 10, 1922,
20 uvn' II ESTABLISHED in JOSEPH PULITZER,, I-ublLOinl dl!y eicpt 8undtf.br The Prwt Publlthlng Oomrtny. M 10 CJ Itrk llow. New York IlALl'H PULITZKH l"rrldent, 69 Tark Jtow, J. ANOU8 81IAW. Tn-Munr. M Park How. JOSEPH l'UHTZKH. HrortW 63 Park How. Addreu all cnmmunlf illo.n lo r II t EVEMMfl BOnll). rulltier llulldlDK. Park Bow. New York I'ltf. Remit by F.iprrn Money Order, Drill, roit urn re urarr nr ueitiiierea i,nr "Circulation Ilookt Open to All." debatable whether professors and classrooms can provide more real education and culture than a six weeks' introduction to the metropolis. St OX DAY, JVIA' 10, 1DSS. SUBSOUIPTION KATK8. Entered at. the IVnt Office tt New York Second Clam Matter. Posture free In tbo United flutes, ciLVJdo Orctter New 'iotk. One Year f I Month One Month I. EwnlnR World I0 00 15 00 1 sr, t utiiy ana Hunaty world... izmj om i.aj Dally World Only JO 00 ft.0O .8ft Fundi)' World Only, 4 00 335 .45 Thrlco-A Week orld 1 00 World Almanac tor tt22, 35 renin; by mall 60 cent. nnAvni OFriCES. TTPTOWN, noi D'way. cor Stn. I WASHINGTON, Wystt Dlde-i llth and F flt mvriniT. 621 Ford nide, C1IICAOO. 1003 Mallrra Illdp. PAU1H. 47 Avrnuo do ruperu, LONDON, 20 Cockjpnr St. MitMnr.li nrr toe ASSOCIATED PUKSS. The Aw1ated Pre l eduhely cnlltlwl to the vino for repubtlj cation or all new despatches rrcaiuia to ii or hoi inmn in wis paper, anu aiao mo local newi pumiNiHjuutw. I7ARI.UM, 2092 7lh Ave, war 125th St.. Hotel ThcrPKa Itlrtir BIIONX, 410 E. 140th HI., near BROOKLYN. 2fl2 Washington fit. and 317 Fulton Bt PLAIN BUSINESS. A FURTHER slump in the value of the mark, strikes, menacing moves against the pres ent Government and predictions of national bank ruptcy darken the horizon for Germany. Can the Allied Nations of Europe persuade . themselves that this is all German propaganda or that their own horizon is altogether distinct and i unaffected? "The fate of the German democracy is con ', stantly jeopardized, perhaps unwittingly, by the arbitrary attitude of the creditor Governments as much as through the treachery of reactionary forces at home." . "Our task of co-ordinating the republic would be immeasurably lightened by modest apprecia tion abroad of our many difficulties in trying to .popularize democracy." These reflections upon the situation are Ger .man. But do they carry no element of truth for 'the Allies? Do the actual facts of Germany's 3 present state belie them? Better a Germany left with enough order, en ergy and courage to pay its debts than a Ger-'-many plunged into anarchy and disruption that can pay nothing and that cannot fail to overflow fand spread confusion through the rest of Europe. That is not sentiment. It is plain business and rself-protection for Germany's creditors. Mite. Lenglen is evidently an example of the little girl who, "when she was good was very good Indeed." TOO BOLD. 'npHE list of officers and directors of the Davy 1 Automatic Fire Escape Corporation as re , vealed Saturday by The Evening World kills as audacious a raid as any in the history of the city. Most of those interested in the company were identified with Tammany politics. Several were ; on the municipal payroll and a few were in posi ' tion to aid in gaining approval for the single design of fire escape approved and authorized by I the' Board of Standards and Appeals. Others iwere expectejfi to put the ordinance through the : Board of Aldermen. The result would have been a $24,000,000 tax ion householders and rentpayers, with the proba : bility of a large part of the profit reverting directly ; or indirectly to the "organization." The raid was too bold. Publicity was fatal. It is just the sort of thing New York has reason to expect from Tammany. The only surprising feature was the failure to make an effort to cover the tracks of the Tiger. MUa Harriet May Mills, Associate Chairman of tho Democratic State Committee, reports that the has not found It difficult to get the women to take an Interest in State politics: "Wo have gone into a county and on short notice have been able to get (together from 200 or 300 to 700 or 1,000 women at a luncheon, tea or meeting, all In sympathy with tho prln ctploi of our party, onco wo have had the opportunity to explain these to them in a con genial environment." Mere men may yet have to talte lessons In elementary politics to find out how lfs done. Appoint a few women teachers. WHY TAXES HURT. ONE way or another, directly out of our in comes and indirectly in the prices we pay for things we must do or have, the Government takes taxes from pretty nearly all of us. Theoietically, the billions of dollars thus col lected should come back to us in redistributed money or in the form of benefits and savings that add to the comfort and security of our indi vidual lives. Theoietically, taxes should he ike the water the sun draws from the sea, descending in showers and finding its way back after refreshing the earth. Theoretically, it should work that way. If it did, we could always regard taxes as our best, most highly productive investments. We could pay them cheerfully and without pain. Practically, however, that is not the way it works. We sec all too plainly it is not the way. We see a large part of the taxes that should come back to us in redistribution too often di verted instead into private reservoirs before it has a chance to reach us. We see privilege and monopoly standing astride the return currents and taking inordinate toll. The incomes of most of us do not increase by leaps and bounds. Yet taxes claim an ever increasing share of our incomes, while we see an ever-increasing part of those taxes failing to bring us any good at all. Worst of all, there come times like the present when we sec the power of the Government for whose support we are taxed, the legislative labor for which wc pay, deliberately used to increase instead of lighten our burdens. We see the Congress maintained by our taxes proposing a tariff that can only enable the few to take more from the pockets of the many. We see the Congress maintained by our taxes recklessly ready to commit us and our descendants to the payment of more billions of dollars in order that Congressmen of this present Congress may make a bid for soldier votes next fall. We see the Congress maintained by our taxes prepared to vote millions yearly to keep up ships that cannot support themselves in sound economic competition. We see all this, and we reflect with dismay that the taxes we pay instead of coming back to us are paying the salaries and providing the machinery for so-called representatives whose purposes are not our purposes and whose ends are their own political profit. Do we maintain a Congress to saddle us with a tariff certain to subject us to tfolossal profiteering? Do we maintain a Congress to commit us to fresh outlays for which we and our children must bear still heavier taxes? No wonder the country is stirred to deep re sponse by the accuracy with which Senator Borah put his finger on the prime cause of present dis content: ' "In my opinion, the source of this discontent , Is primarily In the intolerable expenditures of the Government and tho constant increasing of taxes. It is the one thing which causes criti cism, dissatisfaction and loss of faith on the part of the people." We see not only that we arc being overtaxed. We see that we are being overtaxed in order that we may be still more overtaxed and taxed not for the benefit of all but for the special ad vantage of limited numbers. The taxes we are paying now will never come back to us either in money or benefits. On the contrary, they are helping to pile up new loads for us. That is why it is a double strain just now to give what the Government demands of us. That is why taxes hurt. SUMMER SCHOOLS OPEN. WITH an estimated enrolment of 12,000 and 3,000, respectively, the summer sessions of Columbia and New York Universities open to-day. The figures are a testimonial to the universi tiesand also to the summer charms of New York City. j --It Is no detraction from Columbia's claims to admit that summer attendance would be much smaller if the Institution were not In and a part ol New York. 1 There will be many earnest and hard-working 6tudents who will seek knowledw first, last and : all the time for the six week of the session. but there nre also many who will take light courses, f pending all the time possible in cxplor : Inn New York City. I loltdny pleasures will com pete with neademte efforts, And when tho session Is done some students will have gained one kind of pducMinn, others nother kind For those who plan to i.nd only tingle tmm nt Columbia' summer school It f, News from the Navy Yard at Bremerton Is that they are washing the Stars and Stripes on the North Pacific ships to excellent purpose. We should like to see the Constitution follow the flag to the laundry. It would be Interesting to observo how tho Eighteenth Amendment would stand the test of democratic soap and water. Made to Fit the "Big- Fellow" L1 Oepyrlrht. 1023. (New York l;nlnB World) ty l'reat Pub. Co. By John Cassel it 4 .. mm tvtftt Mm n tw I'M i mS'M m. A 1.77 fei w&mmwmMj VV 1 I II I' 11)1 1 1 HI IP ai. ;:' -u.'! From EveningWorld Readers What kind o letter At you find most readable? Isn't it the one that tivei the worth of a thousand word in a couple of hundred? There is fine mental exercise and a lot of satisfaction in tryini to toy much in few words. Take time to be brief. Fnrk Vmr In l.onilon. To the Editor ot The Kvenlns iVorld: It Is all very well to have a Central I Park for rich folks to drive through when they are not in Newport or Tux edo. Nobody Is irolmr to talto It away from them. But let me tell you what saw: In London; In the llttlo park, much smaller, that corresponds to Central Park; In tho heart of town; between the royal palaces and Park Lane and all that; In the good old days. Late afternoon; Queen Victoria drives by, looking very little, with her old- woman stoop and a tall yov is prin cess by her side, The carrlago went past tho Serpentine. A few minutes later two thousand men and boys wero swimming there, stark naked. It is their right, because It Is their cus tom, handed down for centuries. Ev erybody understands it, nobody com plains. The park is bclns used In the traditional way. Knowing the Knglish as I do, I'll bet tho custom still holds good. When ladles aro In the carriage or nuto the driver goes another way during bathing hours. That is all. Nobody wants Central Park to be treated to an Innovation of this kind. Tho Serpentine bathers simply peel and leave their clothes on tho bank. Here you propose dressing rooms und decorum. Hut 1 would llko to seo In New York a little of the bulldog Brit ish grit In holding onto customary rights, among which I should hold tho right of tho peoplo to use their parks to tho best goou or the greatest num ber. TKAV15LLER. New York, July 7. ACHES AND PAINS Do not flud fault with weeds. They are nature's pioneers. They venture on sterile around, cover the scars left by man, cloak the ash heaps and coax fer tility back into the soil. Some men are uc(ds. The news that coat collars are to be diminished in weight and thickness will cheer mankind. 'nw if some one will only act a fit substitute for the linen garotte wo tituy be happy yet. The Scottish students ttfio shouted "tu-o seats for Hill" to'"!)! Sir. Taft arrived were more than redundant, lie pre'ers viovivo " sitting down, no matter how many chairs tire proffered. The oprni'ip for new millionaire widens again. One rifiJi"" Hustian tulles can now do bought on the curb for jti. ' ,Wii iron? I rep lircal-tnp in on ut. Who ever heard rf ptiaeppiir lefneet !r,i jv'Mf V niY twarablo to .'rttf miff order if U bo so defined. Mr. Graliam can easily see that tho old booze hounds are violently opposed to the one-half of 1 per cent, limit nnd are eagerly strlv- ng to have it raised, which Is a good recommendation for said limit. In describing tho methods em ployed by the reform element, Mr. Graham Intimates that they have elected men who "represent the ma- orlty of the people, men who cannot bo bulldozed and bribed by a heavily subsidized minority," and declares that the wets aro now going to adopt those methods. Allow me to con gratulate tho wets on their change of tactics. To date their policy seems to bo disregard for tho Constitution, vlolatioh ot a national law and en couragement of disrespect for both law and Constitution in nn attempt to discredit Prohibition. It will bo nost welcome to all If they abandon these tactics and adopt the methods of the "reform element" so aptly de scribed by Mr. Graham, 1. e., direct appeal to the people In a legal and constitutional manner. ARTHUR BARNHART. f'rlneeton, N. J. The Why of Ono-llalf of One; I'er Cent. To the Editor of The Cvenlne WoiM: In previous letters 1 havo pointed out that the peoplo of twenty-eight States havo given dry majorities In Statewide referemlunis and that, ir respective of tho Volstead Act, over SO per cent, of the United States, con taining 75 per cent, of the population was dry as a direct expiesslon of the will of tho people through local op tlon voting, &c. Mr. Oraham appar ently does not question the accuracy of these facts, but Intimates that the are inconsequential. Permit me to state that the burden of proof is upon him. Mr. Graham asks why one-half o 1 per cent, was made the limit of al cohollc content. This was because It Is practically impossible to obtain alcoholic poisoning bv consumption of beverages containing this amount. If nftocn miles an hour be tho speed limit, Mr. Graham may not consider sixteen miles to be dangerous speed lng. This would, howovor, not Justify sixty miles an hour. In the same way, though Mr. Grahont may not conniacr ncvornges contalmntr slight ly moro than cue. half of l ner cent tn be Intoxicating, he cannot claim that o-rnlled "Iluht wines" contain ing about 10 per cent, tlcohol could Con-FcKH. Tt. the Krtltor of The Flvenlng World: Relative to the "S. D. Fess Family Employment Bureau," wo suggest that he bo tagged and non do plumed as plain, everyday Con-Fcss. THOMAS E. HARRINGTON. Russells Point, O., June 30, 1022. Tlir Xntlonnl Antlirm. To the Rdltor of The Evening World: I wish to take exception to E C. Dunne, who in Tho Evening World if the 5th, under tho heading, "A Xntional Anthem," gavo his Ilea of what a national anthem should nnd should not contain. He states that It "should stress tho spiritual und mention tho nnmo of God." I presume Mr. Dunno moms the Christian God. If so, he evidently doesn't know that tho Un'ted States, In principle, Is no more Christian than Buddhist or Confucionlst. In tho words of Gcorgo Washington, this country Is "In no sense founded upon the Christian religion." Then why, may I aVt, should tho name of tho Christian God bo con uned J" nut national ar.thrm, hen 'tuddhlsts, Taolsts and Mohamme dans can nil be citizens on equal standing with Chrlstlnns? Can you Imagine a Shlntolst stand ing with bared head and singing of tho "glory of God 7" Such an anthem would bo an obstnele to religious lib erty. JOHN WBRft .in. Brooklyn, July 5, 1922. Ilr Vetoed It. To the Editor of The nvenlr World Will you kindly adv;. through the columns of The Evening World, whfther President Wilson vetoed th Volstsad act! L. A , UNCOMMON SENSE By John Blake (Copyright, 1C22, by John Blake.) CALLING OUT THE RESERVES. It is n poorly orgnnized police force that cannot in stantly despatch a considerable number of men to the scenii of a riot or control gathering crowds in any part of a city. Police forces arc regulated with an eye to maintaining a reserve Supply. Trouble, unfortunately, cannot be foreseen. There must be men to cope with it, or it may grow into a catastiophe. A police force with just sufficient men for patrol and detective duty would prove useless at the first riot call. The instant patrolmen hiul to leave their beats to put down the riot, trouble which their presence keeps subdued would break out on the beats. This principle applies to armies and navies, and it applies equally to the little organization that is known as a human being. The man who has just sufficient strength for his daily work fails when that work is doubled or trebled by unfore seen emergency. The man who has just enough will-power to drive him self to his task every dny and keep himself there from 9 to G is pitifully inadequnte for the real trials of life which come to everybody uninvited nnd unexpected. It "is reserve force which enables men to show, when opportunity comes, that they are capable of doing bigger things than they hnve been doing. It is stores of energy, untapped and unused, thnt carry them through the crises of their lives and leave them stronger and more fit when the crises have pnssed. Unless one steadily cultivates the nbility to do more than he is doing, to carry more responsibility, to bear up under more punishment, he might ns well mnke up his mind to fall back to the tail of the procession. He will certainly never get a place anywhere near the head of it. If he hns the reserves, he can call them out when the need arises, as it is certain to do. If he has so neglected the building up of his organiza tion that no reserves nre on call, he will cut n sorry figure ivhcn be has to face n real test. The Nations and Their Music By AUGUSTUS PERRY Copyright. 1922. (New York Evenlm World) by I'rese l'ubllihlng Co. WHOSE WltTHDAY! JULY 10 SIR WILLIAM BLACK STONE was born at Cheapslde, Lon don. July 10, 1723. and died at Wnl llngford FeDruary 14, 1780 His parents died while he was still ex ceedingly young nnd the caro of his ormsiuK up and of his education was left to his uncle, Dr. Thomas Biggs. He studied at Charter House and at Pembroke College, Oxford. At first Jk ; was interested In literature but gave this up to devote himself en tlrely to tho profession of law. As an advocate, however, he was a fail ure and in fourteen years was only engaged In two unimportant cases. He employed this considerable leisure In studying and llnnlly gave up at tempting to practise law and became n professor at Oxfo.il. It was wh Ir engaged In this capacity that he, wrote his "Commentnilrs," a work the importance of which may, be Judged when we consider timf it still the basis of mod ern Inw stnrtv It transformed law from an inenmnre nensiuio mazo or technicalities Into an accurate and logical science. It simplicity obtained for It a wide snl In this country nnd on It were based many of the principles of American ju lsprudencc. tt That's a Fact" Ey Albert P. Southwick Coprlsht. in;-.' (The New York Evenlm World), by fre" P'lhllhlnr fi "lsrafcel," In Mohammedan my thology. Is the name of the angel who is to sound the Ki-xiirrectlon trumpet e Anowroot Is so named, because the South American Indians apply, the ENGLAND. In "Mcrrlo" England, centuries ago, music reached a high stato of de velopment. History tells us that mu sic and poetry wero cultivated by the Saxons. Their bards or minstrels played and sang In the houses and castles. Only a freeman could own a harp, and to be seen without It meant dls- J grace. When the Saxons wero en- " gaged In warfare with tho Danes, King Alfred, In the dlsgulso ot a harper, entered the enemy's camp and learned their strength nnd plans. In 597 St. Augustlno brought the Gregorian chant to England. During mediaeval times n great school of tf counterpoint was founded upon this chant. Thcro is a wonderful song for six men's voices called "Sumer Is Icumen In," which dates from tho thirteenth century.' Tho skill with which It was composed proves that there wus a flourishing school of mu sic In England at the time. When the Normans conquered Eng land a romantic olemcnt entered Into Saxon music. The gay life of tho French court was reflected. All tho Instruments wero then lmpoited from Franco and Italy. The Elizabethan era, which was notable for tho revival of literature. was also renowned for marked prog ress In music. Ernest Ford. In his Short History of English Music." says: "Music was everywhere appar ent. Wherever the monarch (Queen Elizabeth) went It was made a special feature at all functions." Shakespeare In his ploys makes constant reference to music. He makes It certain that it was an 1m- poitant part of tho court life. The most famous musicians of this period were Thomas Tallis and Will iam Byrd. tho teacher of Elizabeth. A beautiful song of the period was 'Drink to Me Only With Thine Eyes." Ben Jonson wrote tho words, but tho composer is unknown. Although about 200 years old, this song 1b stilt popular. f 4 51 l ne folk songs have that jolly and '- J robust quality that i characteristics ' of the English people. In the past the country dance was the main recreation of tho peasantry. It Is now being revived. Tho morris danco Is In Its most popular form known aa the Maypole dance. Some fine old British songs are "Sally In Our Al ley," "Tho Vicar of Bray" and tho dance tune, "Come, Lasses and I.ads." The pioneer of modern English music was Henry Purcell (165S-1G35). Many consider him England's great est composer. A form f opera that, he Invented remained n vogue for about two centuries. Tie wrote sacred works and songs that still retain their frtflhnr: j. During Handel's career In London the "ballad opera" becotre known, The first of these, produced in 1727, was John Gay's "The Beggar's, Opera." It was based on popular alr . and satirized the customs of the day. These productions Interfered with tha progress of more serlouB operatlo works. Up to tho middle of tho nineteenth century English music was not of a S very high type. A new group of com- posers arose who sought to raise tho standards. Prominent among them f were Charles Hubert Parry (born 188), Alexander Mackenzie (born ,, 1817), Frederic Cowen (born 1852) lf and Charles Villiers Stanford (born fl 1852). 1 The fame of Sir Arthur Sullivan i (1842-1900) rests on tho Savoy operas which ho wroto in collabora tion with Sir W. o. uuneri. suiiivan wrote the famous ong, "The Lost Chord" whllo watching at tho bed side of his sick brother. Sir Edward Elgar may.be called tho composer laureate of England. He stands In the front rank of mod ern musicians. Among his works aro many fine symphonies and tho great oratorio "The Dream of Gerontius." WHERE DID YOU GET THAT WORD? 185. CUCUMBER. The word cucumber does not look It wero of classic origin. And yet It Is. Its original ancestor, onco removed, is the Latin "cucumls," of which tho accusative form Is "cucumercm." In all the European languages -except the Slavic the samo word, slightly varied In form, Is used to deslgnato the excellent vegetable. Western Europe probably adopted the Latin word because It was tho Romans who. In their travels of con quest from tho boot of Itnly to the British Isles, Introduced the vegetable on their conquering way. The cucumber is still very popular In Italy, where It is served In highly enticing ways. root of the plant from which It is made to wounds caused by poisoned arrows. "Finger Benediction" is thus du nned: In tho Greek Catholic and Roman Catholic Churches the thumb and first two fiimeio ttpusent the Trinity. The thumb, being strong, represents the Father, or God; the long, or pecond, linger Jesus Christ, nnd the flist linger, the Holy Ghost. e Tho bensheo (or Winshce) Is tho domestic spirit of certain Irish fam ilies. Tho benshue takes nn Interest tn the prosperity of tho household to which It Is attached, and Intlmntes to it approaching disaster or death, by waitings or shrlekB. It Is nlso called the "White Lady of Ireland." Tho Scotch Bodack Glay, a "gray spectra, m a tilmllar spirit, f 1W- 1 Mi v",'"H" ' 'T-.t'i.':.