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THE EVENING WORLD, FRIDAY, AUGrUS.T. 25, 1922.
10 IS ESTABLISHED DY JOSEPH PULITZER. Published duly except 8undy by Tbo Imw luWUUlnE Company, 63 to 03 I'rlc now, New lork. JlALFn rUUTZER, rmudent, 03 Prk Row. . J. ANGUS BHAW. Trruurer, 03 l'rk Row. N- i JOSEPH rUUTZER, Sccreurr, 03 Park Row. j) Addreti all rommnnlcatlom to 111 E E VKNINB WOEIBJ miltier Building, rark Bow. New Tork Clly. Bemli by Kipreie Honey Order, Draft, roit omn Order or Beglitered Letter. "Circulation Book! Open to All." FRIDAY, AVOaST S5, JP22. sunsoniPTioN rates. fntfrrd at the Poat Office at New York as Second Claw Matter, oatafo trco In Uie United StatM, ouulde (lirater New York. One Year Sir Months One Month Evening World 110 (M i.VOO I M Dally and Sunday World... 12.00 0 00 1.00 Bally World Only 10 00 MH M Sunday World Only, 4 00 2.26 .45 Thrtro-A Week World 1 00 World Almanac tor IS22, as ccnta; by mall 0 centa. BRANOn OFFICES. TTPTOwN, 189S D'way, ror 38tn. HARLEM, 2092 7th Avti, near With St.. Hotel Therena Illdff. BRONX, 410 E. UOtb St., near Rd Ave. BROOKLYN. 193 Washington St. and 317 Fulton St. WABIUNOTON. TTyatt Bldg.J 14th ann r to. DETROIT. 621 Fonl Bid. CRIOAOO, 1003 Mallera Bldg. rARIB, 47 Avenue de l'Opra. IXNDON, 20 Cockapur BU MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRE88. The Associated Prow la exc!ulrely entitled to the line for repubU; faUon of all newn rimpaU-iifti credited to It or not otherwise credited In thU paper, and also too local news published herein. MARKET DEPARTMENT GRAFT. IF District Attorney Ruston can convict the O'Malley push-cart grafters in Kings County he will help to solve a situation which promised to cover many political jobs into the Civil Service on the basis of "experience" as a part of the ex amination. As the District Attorney Dointed out to the Mayor yesterday, Section 1551 covers exactly the sort of procedure The Evening World has ex posed. These market supervisors with the con nivance of Commissioner O'Malley have been converting public property to their own use. Con viction is punishable as a misdemeanor with the additional provision that tns guilty individual "shall forfeit his office, and be excluded forever after from receiving any office under the ciiy government." If District Attorney Ruston can get convic tions ir will dispose of the grrfting market su pervisors in Brooklyn and it will put stronger pressure on the more friendly and acquiescent District Attorneys in other boroughs to get af ter the crooks, drive them out of office and re cover the peculations wherever possible. NOT QUITE. A resolution presented In tho House of Repre sentatives yesterday requesting the resignation of Representative VolBtead oh the ground that the Anti-Saloon League helped him In tho last election was laid on the table and afterward stricken from the record by a voto of 141 to 3. This may prove something as to the futility of some resolutions. But it does not prove the present enforcement of Natlon-wido Prohibition to be the highest ex pression of American freedom in pursuit of a happiness jealously guarded by tho people's rep- resentatlves. Not quite. AS SEC. HUGHES SAILS SOUTH. SECRETARY HUGHES on his mission of peace and amity to Brazil will have oppcr tunity to reaffirm the Monroe Doctrine and to tell South America what it means to the Harding Administration. Here in the United States it is all too common ly assumed that the Monroe Doctrine is fixed and unvarying. South America knows better. States men south of the Rio Grande know there is al ways a Monroe Doctrine but that it is rarely the lame in two successive Administrations. What is the Harding-Hugnes version? Spokesmen of South America, speaking frank ly at the Williamstown round table discussions, have expressed dissatisfaction with the Monroe Doctrine as it stands to-day. Sepretary Hughes has a chance to straighten out some of the mis understandings. A Brazillinn, Dr. Lima, said at Williamstown: "Pan-Americanism ought to be and will be a continental doctrine." Secretary Hughes could do no better than ac cept that as a text for the Harding version of the Monroe Doctrine. . There is no denying that the A. B. C. powers at least have outgrown the need for the protec tive features of the Monroe Doctrine. The dic tatorial and interventional features as applied to certain of4ic other countries make for suspicion in all quarters. Rule by the might of the Marine Corps cannot be satisfactorily explained at home, let alone in Latin-America. The Harding Administration, although spurn ing the League of Nations, gives lip service to the cause of international co-operation. Secrett-y Hughes is now sailing south toward an opportu nity. In Brazil he could do no bttter than to pro pose hemispherical co-operation in which the United States would naturally continue to lead, but without any effort to be "the whole thing." The Monroe Doctrine should be reaffirmed in a form that will render it acceptable to the more important Latin-American nations as a bond of common policy for all the great nations of the yestern World. seasonal trade as garment-working, harvesting or hop-picking. This is the effect of the present im migration law, that permits up to 20 per cent cf the annual quota to enter each month until the quota is exhausted. ( The result is a receiving station jammed be yond capacity on the first days of July, August, September, October and November. After that the work slackens and Ellis Island is either over staffed or it becomes necessary to turn off ex perienced workers. And if there is any place in the Government employ where experience is valuable it is in handling immigrants. Silly indeed is the present "emergency" law which Congress extended from one year to three, with the probability of more extensions to cone. FROM WITHIN. WITH a new deadlock in the anthracite coal strike, with an alarmed Senate consider ing a resolution authorizing the President of the United States "to take over and operate in the name of the United States Government the coal mines of the country," John J. Lewis, President of the United Mine Workers, finds nothing to say beyond repeated refusal to arbitrate: "Until the operators decide not to make arbi tration tho sole issue, there is little need to resume negotiations. The other Issues are not Insurmountable, but the miners will not arbi trate." "Will not arbitrate" though increasing shoit agc of coal threatens to strangle industry. "Will not arbitrate" though it mean a winter of suffering and depression to a hundred million people innocent of any wrong done the miners. "Will not arbitrate!" What kind of impression does President Lewis think this stand of unionism makes on a public constantly being told that "employers are seeking to destroy the unions"? Has arbitration become something labor unions arc entitled to accept or flout solely from Ihe standpoint of how far it suits their purposes? Are destruction of industry, destruction of public health and comfort to weigh but a feather weight whenever organized labor declares war cn thc'plca that somebody is trying to destroy it? This is a bad moment for the United Mine Workers to force such questions on the public. In the midst of two great industrial strikes gravely menacing its welfare, the public has been doing its utmost to be just to the unions, to see every possible point and argument on their side. But when union leaders talk as President Lewis talks, when arbitration is trodden under union feet, and the needs of the whole Nation rated secondary to union aims, the public can see all too plainly the realdanger that threatens destruc tion of labor unions: Not force and oppression from without, but arrogance and folly working within. A REAL MUNICIPAL CONCERT.. THE Municipal Bands representing the Police, Fire and Street Cleaning Departments ate to gather at the City College Stadium this eve ning for a big joint concert to wind up the season of popular open-air music. Tney deserve a large and appreciative audience. These bands have given a great deal of pleas ure to the neighbors favored with concerts this summer. The pity is there co.ild not have been more municipal music. There has been some criticsm that policemen and firemen should be allowed so much time oft on pay for rehearsals and concerts, but this we feel sure was neither due to lack of appreciation of the bandmen's efforts nor to opposition to the popular concert idea. The bandmen ought to be paid as bandmen and not as policemen or firemen. SEASONAL IMMIGRATION SERVICE. IT is announced that more inspectors will be as signed to Ellis Island in time to handle the September rush of immigrants. There isn't a question that they are needed. They should have been put on in June instead of August. Employment on Ellis Island is now as much a ACHES AND PAINS. It it only a couple of years since the statue of Horace Greeley was shifted from the barren surround ings of the Tribune doorway to a little green spot in City Hall Park, on the Park Row side near Chambers Street. The trees hero now have grown up around the worthy old gentleman and he sits as he liked to in life, amid a leafy bower. City Hall Park is being regraded to fit the statue of Civic Virtue. Thus is it rescued from the degrad ing by William if. Tweed, specialized in the now re placed fountain. Youth is forever wroth -with age For lagging too long on tho stage. Yet much as youth dUllkes to wait Tho youngsters always get up late. Oho of tho published regrets over Michael Collins is that he should have died fighting Irishmen, it twuld appear that there vxlght be some just lamenta tion over Itis being killed 2u Irishmen. The fishermen report a brisk run of snuppcis in Long Island Bound. Every time there is a squeeze in coal vtQple ,cani to get along with less. Bo there are computations. JOHN KEETZ. Gone Mad! , Copyright, 1022. (New York Evening World) By Press Pub. Co. By John Cassel From EveningWorld Readers What kind ot letter do you find moat readable? Isn't It the one that three tho worth of a thousand word In a couple of hundred There la fine mental ezerclteand a lot ot aatiafaotion in tryini to amy much in few words. Take time to be brief. With n Million Dolliim. To tho Editor of The Evening World: On reading your very valunble edi torial page I notlep you aBk tho ques tion under Uncommon Scnso "What would I do if I had a million dollars to spend?" I am a machinist by trade, Just end ing my flvo -years' apprenticeship which I consider was my greatest struggle to learn enough about tho business to1 command tho machin ist's regular wage at the end of my apprenticeship. I served In a shop considered very good for ft young man to start In, but I must sny thnt any thing I learned all through my flvo years I picked up myself or through tho good will of a fellow worker. 1 have been told about different shops that work the same way. Still they will take lta boy that means well, and if he don't happen to have thnt "push" In himself to find out for himself the management will not undertake show ing him and he goes on oil through his apprenticeship without knowing what he .should. Now ir I had a minion dol lars to spend I would open up a school for apprentices not alone In my own trade but In all industrial trades, i would onen this school In some central part of the country, or If tho demand for such a school warranted it J. woum open up different schools In tho large Industrial centres of tho country. I would employ the best Instructors In these schools nnd give the boys all tnc encouragement possible, at tho samo tlmo naylnsr thorn in accordance witn the Improvement sliown. I wpuid in stall In these schools tho very latest and best methods for practical work nnd at the same tlmo I would bo do ine the country a great service by turning men out that would have the very best knowledge or the trade tnat ho had to earn u livelihood at. PATRICK J. K13LIA', Carteret, N .J.. Aug. 20. I.obIo nml I.I an or. tv ih. Editor ot The Evening World: Your correspondent "Brought TJp a Christian" tries to show us that slnco a deod dog Is no dog nnd no dog has nine talis, therefore a dead dog has nine tails. Likewise, ho further tries to show lis that because Christ changed water Into wine, and because wine was used at tho iJist huppcr, tlxircforo Christ approves of tho drinking of Intoxicating liquors. Tho more vou look tho less you see, the less you look tho more you free. Why use nonsensical hatr-spiuiing arguments? Why argue Tor tho sake of arculng? How could Christ, who cave His life to redeem us from sin sanction the iiho of anything that would lead us Into sin? Wlno In those days was an article of food Now Its use Is the samo as whiskey Wine, In tho 'sense we uso It to-day, stands for all alcoholic beverages. Every Christian ought to know the symbolic reason for Us use at tne Last Supper and now at Holy Communion. "Brought Up a Christian" (7) calls Jesus "Divine Master," "God," "om niscient, omnipotent," and then says, 'as for the twaddle of hell-fire, that threat Is laughed at by sensible peo ple." He laughs at the "threats" of Jesus, and then uses that same Per son to prove that tho drinking of In toxicating liquors Is sanctioned by Divine power. Can you beat It? But your correspondent seems to havo misunderstood tho meaning of that "and If thy hand or thy foot scandalize thee, cut It off." quotation, which, Interpreted, would be, "Do away with anything that Is going to cause you troublp." That's all. Com prennez vous? EUGENE FERRIS. Don't rndloclr Screen. To the Editor ot The Eenlng World: In tho matter of the "Padlock World League" mentioned In your col umns recently, It Is not easy to be lieve that that propagation, however successful numerically, will removo the last trace of waywardness from our present generation, even If It were excelling all previous ones In virtue. How can It, then, bo expected to raise our moral standard or contribute to ward righting wrongs? We could not condemn the Turkish authorities for expelling tho scaveng ing dogs of Constantinople during tho war to an uninhabited lBland, there to bark, grieve, fight and devour one another, but In the name of humanity do I plead that the Creator's wisdom in our gut oi speecn receive a moro humane treatment than will result from a muzzling padlock. What tne worm needs to-day, more than at any time In the history of man, is speecn ana more speech, eln .iiant. trUQ and clfnn. nartlrMi1-1.. against nil unkind actions. And to listen iu oui.il ai'inii una pair or ph. tlent ears and a heart that can share tiiolr grievances so as to ndvlnn nun ndlust righteous remedies. Bo it n modern tniraun, a uommncK or tho queen of poverty herself of to-day, a ...imI hpart nnd a IxHcwpllfd nrm.-n .nat nt hlrth have honn pnHmveH such a God's servant, which the world IS nOW III vuui ii'i'nuiK IUI. "Do not muzzle tho oxen that la 1,.,-f.tli " Ana WHO will rpfimn i render honorable aid to him or her . r.. that wuirvm mi iiwniii . Not yet are we n world of salnta therefore, silence shall multiply tm kindnesses. Unktndnessos will dovelui Into evil nnu nreea more, romenllug Into haired and madness will follow. As a stratagem for shielding the nast It i doomed, without repent ance, restitution nnd forgiveness! UNCOMMON SENSE By John Blake (Copyright, 10::, by John Blake.) GOOD STARTERS. There were twenty-five starters in n recent three-mile walk which was a feature of the track and field games of the New York Athletic Club. Four men were in the race when it was won. Now this is not un editorial about walking races, which are not particularly valuable except as tests of endurance. When a man in an airplane can travel one hundred miles an hour it seems foolish to the present writer for him to seek to show his speed afoot. The point we are seeking to make is that in almost every race there are a great many sturters who have insuf ficiently equipped for the contest in which they take part. In a new business organization, where a hundred or more employees are hired ut once, the manager knows that not more than ten or twelve will be with him at the end of ten years, and that of these ten or twelve not more than two will be in important positions. The rest were job hunters when they applied for em ployment, and they will be job hunters all their lives. They entered the race insufficiently equipped for that or for any other race. They were predestined to failure at the start. Many such people have real ability, but their lack is grit. When the hard places appear they haven't tlie courage to go on. . They think it is the lack of opportunity that turns them away. They are wrong. It is the lack of something in themselves. Not all men are fitted to win three-mile walking races or the races for general managerships in business. But whether they are fitted or not, they will never win unless they take the trouble to prepare for the work or the race in the first place, and stick to it after it becomes an ex hausting business, whichit often is. What wears most of them out is not the work they have to do, but the knowledge that they are incompetent to do the work. Working at a task one cannot do well is the most nerve racking thing in the world. There are millions of good starters in this country. They all begin with rosy hopes and most of them finish dis couraged and broken. That is because of two things lack of equipment and lack of grit. Blue Law Persecution Hu Dr. H. E. St. Amant. L'opyrlghl, 1922. (New Tork Evening ivuiiu; u j in,. uw,.r.... i EXTRA HEAVY ON THE BARBER. Harboring on Sunday Is forbidden by law in Tennessee, nnd In Now York State, except from 7 A. M. to 1 P. MJ In New York City and Saratoga Springs. In the State first named, "Any mer chant, artificer, tradesman or farmer" who violates this law Is llablo to a fine of J3. Of tho barber, tho samo law says that he "shall bo fined not less than $26 nor moro than $60, or Imprisoned In tho county Jail not less than fifteen nor moro than thirty days, or both, In tho discretion of tTio court." Hero Is class legislation with a ven geance. A dry goods merchant, a Jeweller or a blacksmith can escape with a fine of $3, while the barber Is assessed many times that sum for violation of the same law. Up to 1910 Kentucky had a law (Section 1,822, Kentucky statutes, passed March 27, 1898) reading almost word for word the samo as the New York law down to the proviso. Setting it aside as class legislation, and as being already covered by the general Sunday law of the State (Section 1321), the Kentucky Court of Appeals, In a decision rendered March S, 1910 (John Stratman v. Commonwealth of. Kentucky), said: 'There Is nothing In the business of barberlng that Is dangerous, hurtful, or Injurious to society. In fn-t Instead of feeing hurtful to soei, there is no trade perhaps that b-n ' so much to the comfort, convenience. cleanliness, and good looks of the malo portion of our citizenship. "By many tho barber Is not looked upon as a luxury, but as a necessity, and thero Is much to be said In favor of the position of those who hold that it is as necessary that the barber shop shall remain open a reasonable time on Sunday, for the accommodation of those absolutely In need of tho bar ber'B services, as It Is that tho livery stable, the drug store, tho news stand, or the rcstaursmt should hn kept open for the accommodation and convenience of tho public "While the Legislature has tho un doubted right to classify business, oc cupations, or trades, for the purpoio of exercising the police power of tho State, it has been held that such classification must bo reasonable and natural. Hero tho police power Is ex ercised, not against tho trade, but tho violation of the Christian Sabbath. It Is not barberlng that tho law seeks to prevent, but merely barberlng on Sunday the violation of the Chrls ti n Sabbath." These last two sentences reveal tho real object of overy Sunday law In existence. Whatever they may ba called civil statutes, police regula tions or what not they arc never en- acted because tho things forbidden In them nre uncivil or wrong In them selves, but, as here twice stated, to prevent "tho violation of tho Chris tian Sabbath." Notwithstanding all this, tho re formers Insist that Sunday laws aro not religious legislation. ADRIAN LUNDSTROM. WHOSE JlIUTHIUYt AUGUST 25 ALLAN PINKER TON, tho celebrated Amoricnn detec tive, was born In Glasgow, Scotland, Aug. 25. 1819, and died In Chicago, III., July 1, 1884. In 1812 he emigrated to I'hlcago, and In 1843 removed to Dundee. Knno County, where ho es I ibllshed a cooporago business. Hero i, -.. .!..,., n luinch of counterfeit ers, was appointed a Deputy Sheriff f Knno County in 1846 and Imme diately afterward ot Cook County, with headquarters in Chicago. There u .ii.h celebrated Plnkerton Detective Association. It was he who discovered a plot to assassinate Presi dent Lincoln, rtnd who recovered $700,000 of the great Adams Express Company theft. He developed the i' eueral secret service from tho sys tem used by him during tho Civil War and remained for several years nt Its head. To him Is duo (ho credit of discovering many secret plots, and the breaking up of tho Molly Mogulres In Pennsylvania. He also published a largo number of works, Including "Railroad Korgcrs and tho Detec tlves." "Spy of the .tebelllon.' "Strikes, Communists, Tramps and Detectives," and "Thirty Years a De tective." Famous Philosophies By LOUIS M. NOTKIN Coryrlht. 1P22 (New York Evtnlng World), by lree Publishing Oo. CHARLES DARWIN (1809-1882) HIS NATURAL PHILOSOPHY AND HIS THEORY OF EVOLUTION. Tho great naturalist, Charles Dar win, deserves a place In the hlstotyj of philosophy, because, like Cppern1 cus, Galileo and Newton, he Is ot profound significance In tho treat ment of philosophical problems not only on account of his results bu6 likewise on account of his theory, ot science and Its sphore. His effort to explain the origin of the spocles was In complete harmony; with tho spirit of positivism. Ho re ferred to a fact wnlch was actually, operative In nature; namely, the nec essity for every living being to pos sess tho attributes and equipment essential to the preservation of life, or, as ho expressed It figuratively, the struggle for existence. In tho eyes of Darwin, the struggle for existence, howover, Is not tho whole causo. It presupposes that Individual organisms reveal variations which may be either moro or less favorable to their pres ervation or the preservation of tho species to which they belong. Those Individuals 'hlch show favorab'e variations naturally survive in tho strugglo for existence. Darwin saw no reason for regard ing man an exception to the general biological laws. In his opinion the actual value and tho actual dignity of man suffer no diminution by regard ing him as having evolved from lower forms. For the theological and ro mantic conception, which regarded man as a fallen angel, ho substituted tho realistic conception of man as an animal which has evolved a spiritual nature. Ho starts with the principle that a group of animals or men among which the Idea of sympathy and mutual help fulness prevails would be favorably situated In tho strugglo for existence. lie thus discovers a biological founda tion for the moral Bentlment. Accord ing to Darwin, this sentiment presup poses, besides sociability and sympathy, tho faculty of recollection and comparison. After tho faculty of language has been evolved mutual pralso nnd blamo can llkewlso exeit their Influence. Public opinion can then take form. Habit and excrciso for the common wclfaro also tend to give permanence and strength to Hit social motives and instincts.