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L w J. w - - . TRANSPORT BY AIR' NEARLY AS CHEAP AS THAT BY RAIL So Engineers Are Told in Ad dress by Aeronautical Expert. Air transport Is only slightly more costly than that by rail. Archibald ?w Black, rirronuutleat engineer of Garden City, N. Y., declared to-day In addressing the aeronautical session of tho American Society ot Mechanical Enginccis. Mr. Black's address "prepared with tho intention ot exploding certain Widely held fallacies regarding the performance for which commercial airplanes should Iks designed." cin bodied tho results of a study of the relation Ijctwecn designed perform ance and unit operating cost for such airplanes. Comparing airplane sflnd railroad costs, Mr. Black said; "The distance from New York to Chicago Is DOS miles by mil, or about 700 milra in a straigh lin n flying distance, say, ofllom "50 to S00 mlN n. Were It possible to load an airplaii' fully oircacli trip, the operating ust would bo 6 G cents per passonger milo. or $43.75 to J32 per parsengcr Tins compares with lho railroad rati- t $61.30, Including fare, excels f.u , .mil berth. "Allowing for the ttlp to and fi.iin tho fields, us veil as an Intctiiu li ito stop, tho limu by air would avi.igo about nine liours, as against tw it jfc iiutlio by taii. The only icaani ny wn cannot cirrv papsencrs at Mir lates to-day Is that It coMm too n.'ieli to get tho buslnrss." Mr. Bl.ii It, drfclcner of an all American fighting airplane and lonn erly in the hervico of tlio Nay l.'c partment, said It was u mlstal.o to luo for commeicial work mac'i'iion not suited to this purpose. UlhcusHing tho operation of airplanes thiough from New York to Chicago without an 4 Intermediate stoti. Mr. Illack s.ilil: "This distance by an nu plane would lo 7.".0 to S00 miles, ovnv.r to the Impracticability of filing in a straight lino. The great Increase In v cost of making this flight by eliml--nolinfr the intermediate stop ei dent, because the operating rut pri pound-mile or passenger-mile in creases gradually with the duration or distance up to about font or live hours, or from 432 to 510 miles Hc jond this the cost of operating mi 'lnnes for over six houis beiornis prohibitive. "If we .issuine a 110 h. p airplarr tinvlng four hours duration ,-itvl f irtm of safety of MX, the cost 0f Opel ltion becomes .-j ut " o3." rent pri pound nule In. casing tins illinium j- t liuliric raise? tn enM In 'i nil c. nt. . 40 per cent. Doubling the duration, to safely maku lho New York-Chlcagu flight without a stop, raises tho op erating coBt to 0.080 cent per pound mile, an iucrcaso of 145 per cent. The general conclusion to bo drawn Is tlwf commercial airplanes of this slo should not bo designed for over four or flvo hours' duration." Mr Mark said that tho modcrato slzcd maehino la nt present tlmo tho most cniclent. Climbing speed, ho asserted, nhouhl bo only EUfTlclent to provldo a rcasonablo margin of safety for emergencies. WEEKS ASSAYS NORMALCY. Secretary of War Weeks last night told COO members of the Chamber of Commerce of Newark, N. J., whose guest ho was at a dinner In the Robert Treat Hotel, following the laying ot the corncrslono of tho chamber1! netr ton story steel home In Dranford Place, that tho main difficulty In Amerloa to day Is that some, of Its citizens are sllll looking for prosperity when It Is here. Mr. Weeks also decried "the some what socialistic- nttltudo which many of our citizens have assumed toward concentrated wealth." JPft Established 19 OZ V 290 5th Av. and 511 6th Av. BOTH BTOIltS JimVEK.N BOTH AND 31ST 8T3. Short and Medium Vamp Shoes Mns.sberg stores nro now displaying an unusual array of New Models of women', footwear for holiday purchasers. Patent Colukin with dull kid trimming or otter suede with kid trimming to match. 19 'sS. Other modeli Patent Coltskin with dull kid trimininp, and inlay or black Sucdr with pa ten t trim ming and inlay. Sues 1 to 9. A to EE. iilvtr or gold brocaded cross strap. $14.00; one strap. $12.00. In Inning here vnu arc assumed of rverv high chararler who It ,miii liae a nghl to ex pet I in a (JunliU shoe Slvlc. oroforl. U. ikni.-insliip ..u, l..,iu. Uci. T I'HK V- Y I IIUN HI- WIS ll'r- , ( (,,,, II . larsberg's Standard llijli Lace Boots, $10 0 0 ''ii MSI ' ,1 New, brautilul dfiigo.. rqumle ' A- -... Iiml-nr r CirVlnC. 'Ail itiu ' ''" . . 1 C I ' and thoroughly guaranieca. cpcciaj 15 Jewel Bracelet WaScfo 25 Diamond Xmas Gifts tafias t Fay ni twJ I'tiv t'r prnJrf.lr trwcirv lira' at NUi.ffn 1 aur I I'M liudttrs i j h- f o tiMl)t anH Ren- irs- tti v ii' a if ' u- I I ,itl or u n hi' t ala'iiaur 4( easEBsansCTzna open FVf.NiNt.s till ninf. sxsssxasatBazmsip Who will Win $1000.00 in Gold.7 X "Find the Christmas Face" Contest u 156 pme for bent resemblances to Gil lettcChrlstmasPacea The next group of facen will c published in this paper on cccmbcr 12th, Aek your Gillette Dealer for Qillcttc Prize Book with Conditions of Contest Christmas morning and each man on your -Christmas list opens up your gift A Neiu Improved Qillette. Those quick, glad smiles show how right you were. A lifetime of service and every day a grateful re membrance of you! Qillette Safety Razor Co., Boston, U. S. A. live New Improved liiette SAFETY IAZOR The CIIIPPENDALR In Silver . $0 In GoKl 10 Other Gillette Sets $'5 to $75 ' -1 H EAUM FOURTEENTH STREET Ftundti 1827 WEST OF FIFTH AVE. A GREAT ONE-DA Y SALE For Tomorrow, Friday QUALITY CLOTHES For Junior Misses, Girls, Boys and Little Children New assortment complete with everything newest in well made, attractive clothes to supply youthful wardrobe and suggest suitable gifts. Prices specially reduced for the day. , Junior Misses' & Girls' Frocks & Coats JUNIOR MISSES' CREPI? DE CHINF FROCKS llraidcd two-lone Kirille.i niul contrasting pipings or wool embroideries navy, licnnn, lirown uinl Ian sizes 12 to 10 years - - - n were $U.9 11.50 JUNIOR MISSES' GINGHAM FROCKS pretty cheek --sizci li to 10 years value 152.07 JUNIOR MISSES' SPORT COATS Smart wool fabrics lined tlirotiftlioul larc size collars, bells and four pockets- sizes 13 to 17 years were H.7!I .. 9.00 red, green, brown anil blue--organdy collars GIRLS' ALL-WOOL NAVY SERGF. SKIRTS full plaited attached bodies of white i ciiiiiliric-aliie$i.2l 1. 1 GIRLS' WINTER COATS- Sorrenlo U11-, rein deer mid dark hroun- si, vie with large convertible 1-oll.irs and puckels -warmly lined sizes n 10 to II ears'--value SHMU V.U I Girls' Dainty Underthings GIRLS' SILK PRINCESS SLIPS - while and flesh V-neck--dainty trimming of lace fcizes 0 to 14 jeara wcro $J.97 JJ.To GIRLS' PRINCESS SLIPS fine lingerie fancy lace yokes skirt with two rows of lace inserting and edging sires 0 to 1 1 years were !?2.28 1.50 Clothes for Boys & Young Men BOYS9 OVERCOATS 16.75 Were 19.50 Newest Winter models of fine all-wool overcoatings, plaid bach or wool lined yokes are lined with Venetian assortment includes tan, gray, brown and (leather mixtures in an enormous range of shades and patterns all with muff or palcli pockets, full hells and raglan or set-in slseves- sizes 8 to IS years. BOYS' OVERCOATS medium gray, brown mid heather milurcs- nil with uke mid wonted plaid linings-- i it x cried pleats- full belt sizes !Mul7cars werci?l2.10 8.75 HOYS' SPORT COATS- all wool, heavy phiid -Mackinaw cloth large assortment of newest i olors- inuff niul patch pc kcls convertible collars sizes 8 to Iff years - were SKI 311 and l?H oil Special .DO BOYS' CORDUROY SUITS -all the best shades of gray, t,in, brown newest Norfolk or inverted pleat models- extra well tailored majority have two pairs full lined trousers izes K to 1(1 rr - r ears- -were $ I -J 5(1 . . .OO BOYS' TROUSERS gin.v and brown mixtures- or iiiidurov- straight or kimker tle f( ii- ." tu 17 e:iri Special l.UU BOYS' SUITS- all wool cheviot, eassnnerr, tweed -graj, tail, brown niul fam , mixture-, spurt models wilh okes or inverted pleats uats alp.u i liued- all with two pain of fully lined holism -sics H to 17 .ve.irs OCA were $12 oil O.bU YOUNG MIN'S OVFRCOATS- henvy, all w..l iiialings good assort nienl of gray, brown, hcnlhir in i vl ii res - pin i n or plaid backs-- raglan kimono sleeves full belted -.large patch pockcls- eottveiti hie collar -size ;12 to !IH- - t n e r WvielW.i(l lb. bU were S27.;il. 19.50 YOUNG MEN'S AND STUDrNTS' SUITS .a--Miiicrc, hcviol, Iwced -gra.v, brown, l.iu niul heallu-i- mivliircs stripes niul hen ingboiu s, nls.i iiuv blue 5crge. in plain or sporl ummIiU iim nnt uf initiires have Iwti pairs of Imiisei-. . sizes :W to l(J were sWU.jll and ?:W .ill Z4. OU M.l'T I llll'.l i I l.i " 'Ii Junior Boys' Clothes Special Purchase Junior Boys' Balkan and Middy Suits ll wool jerse in oxford unlet and Ian heather and navy serge- sonic wilh mnl .nalioii cullar and cuffs- -reguhillon or two-tune ln-.n.I (rimmillg- double vuke front and bio k - . . :l to !i year" Special 0.44 BOYS' OVERCOATS -all wool overcoatings brown mid navy kcrae.v, also mixture- many with wool linings, others with wool bmlv linings double breasted, full and half-belted sMles -sizes 0 . . iK to il vciirs- were $!)."! 0.44 Boys ' Furnishings BOYS' PAJAMAS heavy nap flannelette- pink mid blue stripes- -two piece styles -frog trimmed -sizes (1 to 1(1 years - i o i were fll W and 1 .W 1.6 1 BOYS' SWEATERS - - slccvelest slipovers' la. lirown .mil other ilcsirnlile shades 'sizes 2(1 lo lid were si :i.j BOYS' CAPS new colors ami stales in fain v gi.iv nud brown mii tin s -full crown- i i r were 1JI.1K . . . . 1.19 BOYS' BATHROBES pretty light and dark floi.il patterns - with and without cord trimming - . sizes (I to 11 ye irs were $2.0.' Z.HU 1.65 SPECIAL LOT 1,000 Pairs Shoes for Boys & Girls 2A9 Our own and other famous makes in lan and black calf and pat en I leather for boys, and tan and black calf for girls. All sizes in the lol bid not in each style. These shos are excellent value, good looking and durable. Early buying recommended. (iirls' sizes 8'.j to 2 1 (o 10 years). Hoys' sizes 1) to (5 i l to M years; . Needs for Little Children and Babies Special Puichae LITTLE TOTS' WHITE DRESSES voice, empire and l lied models lawn, nainsook and voile sizes to (i wi r- were 82 (17 1.95 LITTLE TOTS TUB DRFSSFS gingham and chmnbra.v with or without panties -sizes tod.v ears were 82 2 1 l.OD BABY BOYS' SUITS Oliver Twi-l mid middy kIvIch - -sizes to years - -t r r were l?2.07 1.95 BABIES' YOKE AND BISHOP DRESSES laic and emhroiderv triiiiiiun' weie HI (17 1.U0 LITTLE TOTS' FINE WOOL M I ri R COATS pintl l.illge of , iilnl ' Me. to .1 A J ,.-re s; 'i7 .tii.l . 1 n; O. 44 BABIES' WHITE WOOL I !"(.(. IM. DRAWI R; w 1 1 Ii niul I lion I fi i I -ii 1 1. .1 ' ii . were $1 !l 1.54 LITTLE TOTS' WHITE CORDUROY COATS wide v. ii lull-'!! ii ml smocked models () vies lo 'i ears weie 8.1 1)7 , Z.io LITTLF TOTS' HAND - MADE HEADWFAR spli mini .isMirtuiett of colors - . . weie Mi 117 1.44 BABY CARRIAGES, CRIBS AND NURSERY FURNITURE fine reed baby carnages -full size i ii-. mi ami graj - speil.il '. . . . J7.50 WOODEN ( RIBS - on wheel, I'.i-lln ''i -I 1 Special 3.9i Spe-bil ,.50 MATTI'.i SSFS BA.Iir.1 I NAMELED WARDROBE f... ,!i , - - 1 i .i i I ni . f in-1 rt M 10.24 Department Relocated on Fourth Floor 1.88 SPECIAL PURCHASE OF Girls' All -Wool French Serge Dresses VALUE $5.94 Special 3.91 One-piece moile, trimmed with handsome embroidery sizes 7 to 1 1 years. GIRLS' WHITE FROCKS -sheer voile handsomely trimmed with lace or ruffle soft sashes of self material- -sizes (I lo 1 1 . nn jcars Special 4.90 GIRLS' RAIN COATS -navy and Ian rubberized poplin brim caps to match sizes (1 to II vcars -were $1 lit 4.4 GIRLS' SILK BLOOMERS hemstitched ruffles -while or flesh -0 lo It vears were JI2.28 .... . . t.HS CHILDREN'S KNIT NIGHT DRAWERS fleece, lined, wilh feel- guod quiih! j 1 toll) years - were $1 '18 ... . S2 CHILDREN'S FLANNELETTE NIGHT DRAW ERS (Joocl qunlitv -clear stripes - 2 lo 10 vcars were .97 7 nrvr-f FotmJtJ IS27 FOURTEENTH STREET WEST OF FIFTH AVE. FRIDAY SATURDAY Misses' and Women's Dresses, Skirts and Coats . At prices so low they do not conflict with your Christmas shopping plans Crispy, Charming New Taffeta Frocks For Misses Special 23.50 Dainty new taffeta dresses bring lightness to the winter mode and delight every miss who visits the department. Plaited frills and unusual collars of lace act them off. The rather wide skirts arc prettily scalloped. One style is sketched. There is also a new tucked frock of Canton Crepe at this price. Sizes 16 to 20 "ears. Women's Poiret Twill Dresses Special 17.73 Sew models for business and general wear, made with fine tucks down the front and em broidered girdle and graceful side panels navy and black. Sizes 36 to 14. Misses' Coats 11.77 Were $19.73 Utility models of smart style with top pockets and larger hip pockets. One style is sketched. Women's and Misses' Sports Skirts 4.88 Were $6.97 Pleated models irt pleasing combinations ot black and white, tan and blue and tan and brown. Manufacturer's Sample Silk Hats 2.95 Values $4.94 to .$6.50 IJmbroidered Faille silk, satin, and shot silk hats in delightfully fresh models cf every imagin able color, beautifully embroidered, trimmed willi flowers or finished with smart jewel novel tie::, livery hat is an advance sample model. Misses ' Jersey Frocks 8.44 Were $11.73 Models with all-over embroidered blouse and ptaitatl skirt white collar and cuffs'. Navy, brown and henna. Sizes It to 20 years. . See Page 31 fur other Hearn advertising n .1 I ;1 F .t A ... 'A .. 4 :4