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THE EVENING WORLD, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 8, 1922.
1(1 HARDING WOULD MERGE RAILWAY S (Continued) fV.em'ptoyeea to tnatltuta maana and tmethod to negotiate Mtviiin tnam stlvea their constantly nristntc dlffer . cricea, limiting appeals to the Govern ment tribunal to disputes of such character as ore likely to affect the public welfare. "Tills suggested substitution will in. volve a necessary Increase In the , membership of tho commission prob nbly by our, to constitute the Labor Division. If the suggestion appeals to Congress It will be well to specify that tho Labor Division shall be constituted -j 'f j-eprescntatlvcs of tho four-rato- mnklng territories, thereby OKturlng a tribunal conversant with the condi tions which obtain in the different rate-making sections of the country. "I wtsh I could bring to you precise recommendation for tho prevention .t Strikes which threatens tho wolfnro i' the people and menace public unfcty. "Public Interest demands that ample .power shall be conferred upon the tabor tribunal, whsther It Is the 'Present board or the auooested substi tute, to require Its rulings t be ac Ing to Its enforcement which savor of nationwide scandal. It Is the most demoralizing factor in our public life. "Most of our people assumed that the adoption of the Eighteenth Amendment meant tho elimination of tho question from our politics. On tho contrnry, It hna been so Intensi fied n nn Issue that many voters nro disposed to mako nil political deci sions with scfcrcnca to this single question. K Is distracting tho public mind and prejudicing tho Judgment of the electorate. "The day is unlikely to como when the Eighteenth Amendment will be re pealed, Tho fact may as well be rec ognized nnd our coUrso adapted ac cordingly. If tho statutory provisions of Its enforcement aro contrary to de llberno public opinion, which I do not bellevo, tho rigorous and literal en forcement will concentrnto public at tention on any rcqulslto modification. Such n course conforms with tho law nnd saves the humiliation of tho Gov ernment ami tho humiliation of our people before tho world, nnd chal lenges tho destructive forces engaged In widespread' violation, otllclal cor ruption, and Individual demoralization. "Tho Eighteenth Amendment in cepiea oy oom ponies to - ispuicc? , Vij eg lne concurront authority of quMtjon. ... .'P'tto nnd Federal Governments, for r7 "Let there be no confutioi. 'out the purpose of the suggested confer ment of power to make decisions ef fective. There can be no denial of constitutional rights of either rail way workmen or railway managers. ,No man can be denied his right to labor when, and how he chooses, or to cease to labor when he so elects, but since the Government assumes to safeguard his interests while hs Is em ployed in an essential publie service, the security of society Itself demands his retirement from the service shall not be so timed and related ns to af fect the destruction of that service, This vitally essential transportation aaryio. demanding so much of brain and brawn, so much of efficiency' and security, ought to offer the most at tractive working conditions and the highest of wages paid to workmen in any omployment. "We have assumed so great a re sponsibility In necessary regulation that we unconsciously have assumed responsibility for maintained service; therefore the lawful power of tho en forcement of decisions is necessary to sustain tho majesty of government ' nnd to adrninlstcr to tho public wel fare." Tho President then defended tho, new tariff law, declaring It was not en evidence that tho United States desired commercial aloofness, told ' Europe that this nation does not want to be an international dictator. Even , , though It has tho power, becauso of i its control of tho gold supply, and 1 - Biitd tho United States would help other nations bear their burdens, but . would not ossumo any of tlioso bur dens itself. "Tho voice of the United States has , a respectful hearing in international ,ts0 councils because wo have convinced tne world that wo havo no selfish ends to serve, no old grievances to nvenge, noterrltorlal or other greed to satisfy. "Hut the voice being heard is that of good counsel, not of dictation. It Is the volco of sympathy and frater nity and helpfulness, seeking to as sist but not to assume for tho United States burdens which nations must bear for themselves. Vfo would re joice to help rehabilitate currency systems and facilitate uil commerce which does not drag us to the very levels of those we seek to lift up, "While 1 havo everlasting faith In our Republic, it would be folly, In deed, to blind ourselves to our prob lems at home. Abusing tho hospital itylty of our shores aro the advocates of Revolution, finding their delude! , followers among thoso who talto on' the habiliments of an American with out knowing an American soul. There In tho recrudescense of hyphenated Americanism which we thought to .have been stamped out when wo committed the Nation, lite and soul, to the World War. "There Is a, call to make tho alien respect our institutions while he ac ccpta our nospitauty. more, there Is a demand for evory living being In the United States to respect and abide by the laws of the Rcpub lie. Let men who ure rending the moral' fiber of the Republic through easy contempt for the Prohibition law, because thuy think it restricts their personal liberty, remember that 'they set the example nnd breed a con tempt for law which will ultimately destroy the Republic. "Constitutional Prohibition h a been adopted by the Nation. It the supreme law of the land. In Dial speaking,, there are conditions relat SI m:.- m disej z to in l Worn II;, 144 West 34th St. f Wht P and 25 East 14th St. i J fa youl'vi,,jo'to,25, LCI, A coat an J dreii auks practical R BjjMpfr J Ckrittaui riftt. You un jar both VI KBpfr ' ff 'or tie price of eaa clMwarrt V inu enforcement of the policy It do fines. A certain lack of deflnltcncss, throush division of responsibility Is thus Introduced. In order to bring a full understanding of duties and re sponsibilities as thus distributed, I purpose to invite the governors, of the States and territories at an early op portunity to a conference with the Federal executive authority. Out of tho full and freo consideration -whlc! will thus bo possible. It Is confidently hcliovod, will cmnrgo a moro ndequnto comprehension of tho whole problem, nnd definite policies of Na'tlonal and Stato co-operation In administering the laws. "There 2TS P?ndlnT W11 for tho registration of tho alien who has como to our shores. I wish tho paasago of such an oct might bo expedited. This provision will enable us to guard agalnBt tho abuso? in immigration, checking tho undesirable whose Ir regular coming la his first violation of our laws. 1 1 1 "Before enlarging the Immigration quotas wa had better provide regis tration for aliens, tlioso now hero or continually pressing for admission, and establish our examination board abroad to mako suro of desirables only. It would bo kindlier and safer to tell them before they em bark." "A six per cent, illiteracy in tho United States' compared with much lower percentages In leading Euro pean countries, calls attention tho President said, to the need for much moro cffectlvo Americanization of im migrants. It is evident, ho said, that much of tho illiteracy comes to us from abroad. He recommended Federal coopera tion In stimulating, broadening and encouraging Stato education activities. "Closely related to this problem of education is tho abolition of child labor. The decision of tho Supreme Court has put this problem outside tho Roper domain of Federal regulation until tho. Constitution Is so mended 03 to give tho Congress In dubitable futhorlt. I recommend me suDmisaion in sucn an amend ment, Don't Wait - - Buy Now Goats and Dresses For Children, Juniors and Flaonerr, Wliilo you can get a good selection and save money. "Wo havo two schools of thought relating to Amendment qf tho Con stitution, Ono need not bd committed to the belief thnt amendment Is weakening tho fundamental law, or that excessive amendment Is essential to meot every ephemeral whim. Wo ought to amend to meet tho demand if tho people whn sanctioned by de liberate public opinion. "Ono year ago I suggested tho sub mission of nn amendment so that we may lawfully restrict tho Issues of tax exempt securities and I rcnaw that recommendation now. Tux exempt securities aro drying up tho sources of Federal taxation and they aro encouraging unproductive and cx travngant expenditures by States and municipalities. "Tho proposed amendment will placo tho Stato and Federal Govern ments and oil political sub-divisions on nn exact equality, and will cor rect the growing menace of public borrowing, whieh if left unchecked may soon threaten the stability of our institutions, "Reclamation nnd Irrigation pro jects, where waste land may bo miula available for settlement and produc tivity, aro worthy of your favorable consideration. "When It Is realized that we are consuming our timber four times as rapidly ns wo aro growing It, wo must encourngo the greatest possible co operation between tho Federal Govrn ment, tho various States, and tho owners of forest lands, to the end that protection from fire shall lo made moro effective and replanting encouraged, "The fuel problem Is under study now by a very capable factfinding commission, and any attempt to deal with he coal problem, of such deep concern to the entire nation, must await the report of tho commission. "There aro necessary studies of great problems which Congress might well imitate. The wida spread be tween production costs and prices which consumer pay concerns every cltizon of the Republic. It contributes vary largely to the unrest In agricul ture and must stand sponsor for much against which we inveigh in that fa miliar term the hlflh cost of living. "No ono doubts tho excess is trace able to the levy of the middleman, but It would bo unfair to charge him with all responsibility before we appraise what Is exacted of him by our modern complex Itfo. We have attacked the problem on ono sldo by the promotiok of co-opcrativo marketing and we might well inquire Into the benefits of co-opcratlvo buying." Tho President then endorsed tho surveys of power in tho Eastern in dustrial region of all resources avail able for National defense, concluding with a discussion of America's foreign policy ho said: "I bring you no apprehension of war. The world is abhorrent of it, and our own relations aro not only freo from evory threatening cloud, but we havo contributed our larger Influence toward making armed con flict less likely. "Th'oas who assume that we played our part in the world war and later took ourselves aloof and apart, un mindful of world obligations, give scant credit to tho helpful part we assume In International relationships. "Whether all nations signatory ratify all tho treaties growing out of the Washington Conference on Llml tatlon of Armaments or some wlthold approval, tho underlying policy of limiting naval armament has tho sanction of the larger naval power h fi-4 naval competition (Is suspended Of course, unanimous ratification In much to bo desired. Tho four power pact, which nbol lshes every probability of war 'on t'l? Pacific, has brought now confidence in a mantnlnrd penco, and I- Can wel believe It might bo made a model for llko assurances wherever n tho world any common interests nro concerned. "Wo havo had' oxpreflscd the hos tility of tho American people to n super go-crnment or to any commit ment whore cither a council or nn assembly of leagued powers may chart our course. Treaties of armed alliances can have no likelihood of American sanction, but wo bellevo in respecting the rights of nations, in tho value of conforenco and consul tation, In tho effectiveness of lenders of nations looking each other In the face before resorting to the arbitra ment of arms. "I would like the Congress and the people of the Nation to believe that In a firm and considerate way we aro Insistant on American rights wherever they may be questioned, and "Jney no rights of others In the assertion of our ovn. Moreover wo are cognizant of tho world's struggles for full re adjustment nnd. rehabilitation, and wo have shirked no duty which comes of sympathy, or fraternity, or highest fellowship among nations. Every ob ligation consonant with American Ideals nnd sanctioned under our form of Government Is willingly met. When wo can not support, wo do not de mnnd Our constitutional limitations do not forbid tho cxerclso of a moral influence, tho mcasuro of which Is net less than the high puVposcs wo have soutrht to serve. "After all, there Is less difference about tho part this great republic shall play In furthering peace and'nd vnnclng humanity thnn In tho manner of playing It. We ask no ono 'to as sume responsibility fortas; wo assume no rcposnlbIllty which others must bear for themselves, unless nationality Is hopelessly swallowed up In Internationalism." "- getting better and better!" FRUTCHEY SILK SHOP 4 WESTV40th Street Near Fifth Avenue Do you realize that this business, as it ap proaches the third year of service to discri m inating women, is getting better and better? Conscious of possessing silks of the right quality and style unconsciously) you will be satisfied that you are getting the best your good money can buy. TRUHU Silks, especially, sow seeds of satisfaction in the matter of being well-clothed. "If it's TRUHU it's washable" The Finest Silks in White, Black, and All the Fashionable Colors nn Adaptable for any Garment of Silk TRUHU Weaves: Canton Crepei Satin faced Canton Crepes Crepe de Chines Georgette Crepes Radiums-Broadcloths The Selvage Mark -rnuho The washable feature of all TRUHU silks Is invisible and Indelible. It takes nothing from the fathion appeal of the fabrics or their quality. It it (Imply an addition that dUtinguiihcs thc TRUHU material from other high clan silks of similar weavei. By the yard at FRUTCHEY SILK SHOP UNI Words of Wisdom about Christmas Gifts Nc I O MATTER how lone vour list or how short your time, you can find at O vington's hundreds ot answers to each and every Christmas prob lem. For it stands to reason, does it not, that a shop which specializes in gifts all the year round is best equipped to serve you well at Christmas time? OVINGTON'S "The Gift Shop of Fifth Avenue" Fifth Avenub at 39th Street A List of Gifts for you toj give at .. Christmas Venetian Glass Candlesticks Sterling Cigarette Cases Tea Wagons Refreshment Sets Cocktail Shakers Lalique Pendants Pottery Lamps Mitre-cut Mirrors Florentinb Leather ' Smokers' Sets Onyx Desk Sets Well and Tree Platters ' Andirons Decanters and thousands of other good gifts. During the Christmas shopping sea son, the special tables of Gifts at $5, $7.50, $10, $12, $15, $20 and $25 are a boon to those who deslro to do their Christmas shopping quickly and to do It welll T Ovlngton's gifts have two things In common a high standard of distinction nd a fair level of prices. in s (ftjtiertiteituc , 34SS STREET J3voadu)m ' NOW IN PROGRESS December Clearance Smart Winter Apparel at Sweeping Reductions, Dresses and Gowns Formerly to 24.75 250 Silk and Cloth Dresses In smart street and afternoon styles of ttj Canton Crcpc, Velvet, Poirct Twill and combinations. 10 193 Distinctive Frocks Formerly io 34.75 Informal types in Canton Crcpc and tai lored Poirct Twills; party frocks in light colors. 18 165 Informal Frocks Formerly to 59.50 Comprising beaded chiffon robes, beaded silk crepes and tailored silks and cloths in light and dark colors. 28 146 Higher -Cost Frocks Formerly t6 79.50, 1 Appropriate for evening, informal and street wear, in a variety of styles, in Chif fon Velvet, Satin Canton and Poirct Twill. 38 100 Exclusive Gowns Formerly to 110.00 Many original one-of-lt-kind models for evening or informal occasions of metal cloth, silver laces, Riplecn Chiffon, Sequins, Crepe Roma, etc. 48 Formerly to 55.00 Coats and Wraps 215 Coats and Wraps Fashionable models of rich fabrics, many collared and cuffed with Caracul. 38 Formerly to 69.50 180 Coats and Wraps Smart versions of straightlinc and bloused models, combined with Beaver, Caracul or Wolf. 48 Formerly to 97.50 168 Higher -Cost Coats - Of velvety-textured Ormandale or Pan velainc with Squirrel, Beaver, Caracul, Platinum, Wolf or Monkey Fur. 68 At Reductions of lA Richly Fur Trimmed 2 & 3 Pc.Costume & Sports Suits Formerly to 59.50 Formerly to df.50 28 $48 III . 'l Round Trip Sunday Excursion Philadelphia Sunday, December 10 SPECIAL TRAIN LEAVES PeDUyrranla Station - - - 7-?2 W Iludton Terminal - - - - 7-30 JcneyCit - - - - - . "3 K moppTnc at Newark, Eliubeth and New Bruoiwick Attires Philadelphia (lmltt.SU.) OJQK Returning, learts Philadelphia 8.40 K Similar F.icunlon Snnduj. Urcrmbtr tl Pennsylvania System TtuRiiuUttl tha Broadway Llmlttd SUNIIAT WORM) WANTS rio up-state cows vie with each other to supply the rich milk which makes LIEDERKRANZ CHEESE the oheese that makes the meal'' The Monroe Cheese Co Monroe N.Y It Makes Little Difference What You Need W0BK AI0NDAV WOHDElt.S. A worm "Want" Advt. Will Uo U