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; '.'WW-1 1 THE EVENING- WORLD, FBIDAYj DECEMBER 8, 1922. HARDING WOULD MERGE ALL RAILWAYS AND POOL EQUIPMENT Mr I; Hi la- through tlio Federal land Hank, may well have Its powers enlarged to pro vide ample farm production credits ob vcll ns enlarged land credits. It Is entirely practical to crcato n division In Uio Federal Land Banks to ueai wmi production credits, with tho llmltn Hon of tlmo bo udjustcd to tho farm turnover ns the Federal Reserve sys tem provides for tho turnover In tho manufacturing and mercantile worlui "Special provision must bo made for livestock production credits, and tho limit of lund loans may bo safely en larged. Various measures nre pending befera you, and tho best Judgment of Congress ought to bo expressed in a prompt enactment nt tho present ses t,lon. "But American agriculture needs mora than added credit facilities. Tho credits will help to solvo tho pressing problems growing out of war Inflated land values and tho drastic deflation of threo years ngo, but permanent and deserved agricultural good1 for tune depends on better and cheaper transportation. "Hero la on outstanding problem demanding tho most rigorous con sideration of tho Congress and tho country, tn the last half of the year now closing the railways, broken in carrying capacity because of motive power and rolling stock out of order, though Insistently declaring to the contrary, embargoed the farmer's shipments or denied him cars when fortunate markets were calling. Too frequently transportation failed whilo porlshablo products wcro turning from possible profit to losses counted In tens of millions. "I know of no problem exceeding in importance this one of transportation, in our complex and interdependent modern life transportation Is essential to our very existance. "Manifestly, we have need to be gin on plans to coordinate all trans portation facilities. We should more effectively connect up our rail lines with our carriers by sea. We ought to reap some benefit from the hun dreds of millions expended on Inland waterways, proving our capacity 10 utilize as well as expend. We ought to turn the motor trucfe Into a rail way feeder and distributor Instead of a destroying competitor. "It would bo folly to Ignoro that wo live In a motor ngo. Tho motor car reflects our standard of living and gauge? tho speed of our prosent-d-iy life. It long ago ran down Blmplo living, and never halted to Inquire about tho prostrato flguro which .'ell ns Its victim. With full recognition of motor car transportation wo must turn lb to the most practical use. "This transportation problem can not bo waived aside. Tho demand for lowered costs on farm products and ;as!c .materials cannot bo Ignored, nates horlzontlcally Increased, to meet Increased wogo outlays during ftho war Inflation aro not cosily ro riluced. When somo very modcrato , wago reductions wero effected last ixummor thcro was a flvo per cent. irlzontal reduction In rates. 'I nought at that time. In a very Jnfprmai way, to Jiavo tho railway managers go before tho Intcrstato Commerce Commission and ngrco to a Itcavlcr reduction on farm products and coal and other basic commodities, III TIE-UP IN MONTHS CAUSED BY STORM (Continued) Washington Square. None of tho . occupants was Injured. Tho worst of tho operating trouble was on tho Third Avenue, clovated lino, whero Intcrborough Ilapld Tran sit Company ofllclals admitted that tho tlo-up was for a tlmo "almost complete." But no lino was unnf fected, for thoso unimpeded by the weather wcro retarded by tho throngs of passengers themselves. Passenger reported that It took an hour to ride from 9Cth Street to Chambers Street on tho West Sldo subway, and many were unable to get out at their regu lar stations because, of tho prcssln, crowd. The. worst Jamming that New York lias seen In months occurred between S and 9 o'clock at the Grand Central 'Terminal. Delayed subway trains already overcrowded, wcro etormcd there by abnormally big crowds from the New York Central trains. Guards In many instnnccs wero pow erless to make tho platform crowds "Let 'em out first." Passengers try ing to get out and passengers trying to get In met and crushed each other in mutual defeat for thoso who wanted to get out were carried nwny down town and thoso who wanted to go down couldn't. Early passengers on all tho elevated lines and many of the surface lines reported very slow progress, trains and cars stopping ugaln and again as they struck tho slippery spots. And conditions In Brooklyn wcro similar. especially on the Brighton Beach and Culver lines. Two clovated "trains caught lire 'on the Third Avcnuo lino In New York but neither blazo wus serious. Thny wero empty trains In each caso and i iio guards extinguished tho flume without turning Jn alarms, Great streams of passengers from the paralyzod Third Avcnuo line rushed over to Lexington Avcnuo and packed tho subway platforms. At 8 A. M. tho offices of the Trnn bit Commission reported that the Thin' Avenue tie-up was "very, very eerl ous." They reported, however, that preliminary survey had shown that tho Third Avenue line was the only one tied up. Tho trouble on this lino they eaid, began shortly after 6.30 A. M., when express and additional local trains were bcliw put on to take tare of the morning rush. The btop page was reported to be on both pouth and northbound traclM Motorists who forgot their lro ttalns also suffered, especially on the and leave unchanged tho freight tar iffs which a very largo portion of tho traffic was nhlo to boar. Neither the managers nor tho Commission saw fit to adopt tho suggestion, so wo had tho horizontal reduction too slight to bo felt by tho higher class cargoes and too llttlo to benefit tho heavy tonnago calling most loudly for re lief. "Govothmont operation docs not afford tho 'cure. It wan Government operation which brought us to tho very order of things against which wo now rebel, and wo aro still liqui dating tho costs of that supremo folly. "Surely tho genius of tho Hallway Builders hnB not becomo cxtluc: among tho railway managers. Now economics, now efficiencies In co-operation must bo found. Tho fact that labor takes CO to CO per cent, of total railway earnings makes limitations within which to effect economics very difficult, but the demand Is no less In sistent on that account." Tho President then urged merger of the railroads, pooling of equipments and a central agency to uld In their financing nnd to suggest economics. Then turning to tho Important Rail road Itbor Hoard problem ho said: "It is vitally Important that some such agency should be a guaranty against suspended operation. The public must be spared even the threat of discontinued service. "Tho Labor Hoard, ItBcIf, Is not 80 constituted as best to servo tho public Interest. With six partisan members on n hoard of nine, threo partisans nominated by tho employees and threo by tho railway managers, it Is Inevi table that tho partisan viewpoint Is maintained throughout hearings nnd In decisions hnnded down. Only tho public group of threo is froo to function in unbiased decisions. Thcreforo the partisan membership may well bo nbolishcd, and decisions should bo mado by an impartial tri bunal. "I am well convinced that tho func tions of this tribunal could bo much better carried on hero In Washington. Even wcro It to bo continued ns a scparato tribunal, thcro ought to bo contact with tho Intcrstato Commerce Commission, which hnB nuprcmq au thority In tho rato making to which wago cost bears an Indissoluble rela tionship. "Theoretically, a fair anj living wage must be determined quite noart from tho employers' earning capacity, but in praotlee, in the railway sorvire, they are inseparable. Tho record of advanced rates to meet InnreisoJ wages, both determined by tho Gov ernment, is proof enough. "Tho substitution of a labor; division In tho Interstate. Coinmcrco Commis sion mado up from Its membership, to hear and decide disputes relating to wages and working conditions which have failed of adjustment by proper committees created by the ridwaya nnd their employees, offers a moTf of fcctlvo plan. "It need not bo surprising that there Is dissatisfaction over delayed hear ings nnd decisions by tho present board when every trivial dispute Is carried to that tribunal. The law should require the railroads and their (Continued on Tenth Pugc.) Ice-covered slopes of tho Queens- borough Bridge, whero for a timo mora than 200 trucks wcro tied up. hey could not get nwny until after o'clock, when the brldgo wns sanded. All Bronx traffic was subject to nt least half an hour's delay. Trains lf turntng from downtown uftcr the be ginning of tho sleet storm wero iimiblo to mako better tlmo than two luuro botween City Hall nnd Bronx P.trlc. Tho Putnam DlvUlon of the New York Ccntrnl was overwhelm! with tho passengers from other lines, who relied on Its covered third rati lo Keep It going normally. John Stllzor was pushed off tho Morrisanlu Station of tho Putnam dl- Islon In front of an Incoming train. Max Smallo of No. 1228 Union Avo nuo Jumped from tho platform and dragged him to safety. Mr. Stllzor wns taken to Lincoln Hospital. A short circuit In a rheostat coll In tho forwnrd cur ot u Lexington Ave- mto subway at Jerome Avcnuo nnd 00th Sheet set lira to tho insulation. Tho passengers screamed In alarm and crowded each other dangerously. Tho motonnan had tho flro out In threo minutes and tho passengers piloted In threo more. Solomon Clark of No. C50 Kast IGOtli Street, slipped on the steps of his homo nnd was seriously bruised and scratched. Ho was taken to Lin coln Hospital by Ambulanco Surgeon Goldberg. Thomas Schfuky a trucking con tractor of Frunklln Avenue. Ncpera Park, Yonkors, died of heart discuss in u train' of the Putnam Division of tliu New York Central arriving at tho 102d Street Station at 10 o'clock to day. It wus believed that the crowded condition of the train caused the heart attack. E BUT DEALERS U'ontlnucd) following quantities of small 3iz3 steam anthracito on hand: Patterson & Broan, barges ; Fuel Servlco Company, 9 barges; Blue Itldgo Coal Company, 3 barges, and Thome. Ncalo & Co., 15 carloads. At tho tamo turmlnil, Wcston-Dodsou Company has 28 carloads, nnd Thorne, Ncalo ,4 Co., 22 carloads ot bituminous coul. In tho B. & O. terminal on Statcu Island tho Coal Corporation has twenty-eight cars of bituminous coal which has been lying there for ninety days, and tho Intertdatc Commerce Commis sion has twenty-nine cars of bitumi nous which bus been there for sixty days. This coal, lielng In Now York, Is under the Jurisdiction of tho Fuol Administration, but tho Fuel Admin- ietrutlon dota not know It U there. MENS QUANTITY OF COAL HERE HARDING MESSAGE IS BIO FOR VOTES IN NEXT ELECTION Deals With Subjects He Be lieves Affected Results in Recent Balloting. DISCONTENT HEEDED. Agriculture and Transporta tion Treated in Effort to Placate Farmers. By David Lawrence. (Special Correspondent of The Eve ning World.) WASHINGTON, Bee. 8 (Copyright, 1022). President llnrding has taken complete cognizance in his mcssago to Congress to-day of tho major prob lems which made the clcctrato so rest less this year and brought such a confused result In tho elections Just a month ngo yesterday. Tho President says something on nearly every subject which might might have had anything to do with the balloting' or which might affect tho courso of affuirs In tho noxt Na tional referendum In 1D24. aScmbers of both parties will agreo that Irre spective of thp merit of Mr. Harding's proposals, whether they constitute a euro for tho Ills or a pleu In avoidance, the President has nevertheless by his recitation of problems given a com prehensive account of "tho stato of the Union." 'iffH Much of what Mr. Harding has recommended does not come as a sur prise, but until tho executive spcaus, until tho leader of tho dominant poli tical party puts his words formally on record, there Is never tho same weight given or tho namo attention paid- to tho recommendations. Agriculture tftnnds lrst nnd foio most In Mr. Harding's thought.. Ho knows Hint tho revolt In tho Middle West, Indeed tho friction Inslda iho Republican party, has at its root a dissatisfaction with America's Imper fect system of financing tho farmer. Knlargement of tho powers of the Farm Loan Bureau, together wltn the permanent establishment of a sys tem that will do at nil times what tho War Finance Corporation did In jn emergency, Is what Mr, Hnrdlng pro poses. Tho details aro being worked out in Congressional committees nov. But crodllH alono aro not mifficicnl. Freight rates liavo been u bugalioo, and with that probhtn tho President links tho poor transportation. Mr. Harding makes a plea for more uso of tho motor truck, better high ways, and a co-ordination of motor facilities to move crops. Ho openly criticises the railroads for saying their motive power Is good when it is not and lie deplores tho poor service they have given In regions of the country whero perishable crops had to be moved. Ho refers particularly to the Pacific Coast. Yet, as tho President tackles the railroad problem, ho realizes In his speech that the railroad strike was not un accident, but that back of it all is tho perennial dlsputo about la bor. Tho most important recommen dation ho makes is tho abolition of the United States Ilallroad Labor Board, or rather Its complclo revision. As has been pointed out nguln and again in these despatches, tho weakness of tho board has been Its division into three groups, labor, employer and public. This in arbitration tribunals only means that tho real burden is placed on the ncutrul members. Mr. Harding proposes a board to be com posed of all neutral members! Thinking also that tho labor board Is an Ill-fated Institution, without power to onforco Its decrees, tho President thrusts forwaid the Idea of making a now subdivision of the Intcrstato Commerce Commission to concentrate on labor disputes. This provision prolmbly will to bitterly fought by labor, for It means that tho arbitrary rules of a fair return on tho investment will bo considered by one branch of the Interstate Com merce Commission and thut another lll tlx wages on the basis of what the railroads can ufford to pay. This is whero lalor cntors tho argU' FAIL TO FIND BUYERS BOSTON MAYOR WANTS COAL GOUGER3 JAILED INSTEAD OF FINED BOSTON, Dec. S. M-iyor Curley to-day urged Jail terms for profiteering coal dealers. Tho Mayor asked Charles U. Wooley, Sealer of Weights and Measures, to request Chief Justice Bolster ot tho Munici pal Court to Impose Jail sen tences Instead ot fines. This action followed Infor mation received by the Mayor that peddlers were selling coal consisting largely of slate In small lots ut prices that wcie at the rote ot $25 a ton. COAL DICTATOR ADMITS BIG STOCK ERE Householders Will Be Forced to Use Part Substitutes. State Fuel Administrator Woodln admitted this nfternoon that thcro Is an immense supply of small slzo an- thrnclto steam coal In tho New Jcreey terminals, but said ho lias no control over It. If wo could find a way to compel pcoplo to buy It wo could movo that coal," ho said. "But,' oven In tho face of tho emergency, consumers do not want that kind of coal and they will not tnko It." Mr. Woodln, District Administrator Arthur S. Loyroyd and Commissioner Grovcr Whalen, representing the Mayor at a conference to-day, figured out a plan that will, It is believed, move much of this surplus coal now lying In the terminals. They agreed upon tho form of an order which will be Issued for publication in morning newspapers to-morrow, which provides mat every delivery of nnthraclto coal must be accompanied by a stated per centage of substitute cither small slzo anthrncltr, bituminous or coke. This order Is along tho llnm adopted by tho district fuel adminis trators In session In Albany with Gov. Miller yesterday. It Is tho slmplost means of getting tho substituted cir culated. Inspectors will bo stationed at all coal yards to Ken thnt nr. t liveries of 100 per cant anthrcclto aro maao. Tho percentage of substitute will vary with tho typo of heating to bo served. The Fuel Administrator ronorted this afternoon that 28,000 tons of steam size coal havo been distributed in urcator New York in tho last four days. Yesterday 2,003 tons of domest ic slzo anthracito wore received In Brooklyn, 2,361 tons In Manhattan and 503 tons In tho Bronx. mcnt with tho cry that It should bo given a living wage oven if thcro Is not as much profit as the government now guarantees. Labor has foucht tho government theory of what con- Btltutes a fair return on railroad In- estmcnt. Also there Is ovnry reason to bclievo that labor Is Just ns much opposed to any tribunal which enforces Its de croes, whether It Is called a labor board or a subdivision of tho Inter state Commerce Commission, or ony- hlng else. The present -ntorstate Commcrco Commission act has en forceable provisions already. Simple amendment to Include labor dis putes would bo easy from a psycho logical viewpoint, ns it would Tjnem to place carriers and employees an the same basis, but laobr will fight that tooth and nail. It always has ln- Istcd on the unrestricted right to quit work In a body. Tho President hopes to soften the ffects of this enforcement policy by limiting the disputes to lie considered by tho national tribunal to those which "aro likely to affect tho public welfare." Definition of this phrase will probably provoko considerable de bate and controversy. Mr. Harding doesn't ignoro tho cntimcnt in favor of a change in tho tariff and promises that tho flexible provisions of the law permitting tho Kxeoutlvo to proclaim changes will not becomo a dead letter. Immigration is touched on, too, with tho suggestion that quotas bo nlnrged ultimately and that aliens be examined abroad bo as to prevent hardship.! at ports of entry through the denial of admission to applications who havo already made the voyage o American shores. The proposal to submit a constitu tional amendment prohibiting child labor Is not unexpected nnd will help friends of the President to point to the "progrensive" character of his administration, especially at a time when tho "progressive" bloc Is ad vocating such things. Mr. Harding frankly tells tho Amer ican pcoplo he Isn't opposed to amend ing tho Constitution when tho changes are for tho better. It had been re ported that ho wanted to stand pat on the Constitution. But ho proposes that all tax-ex empt securities now bo abolished. It will tnko many years for an amend mcnt Hko thnt to be submitted to tho several states and ratified, but tiltl matcly It will prevail as It falls within tho category of "progressive" doc trlno on which tho radicals havo al ways thrived It is u measuro aimed at tho wealthy, something popular with tho radical politicians in tho states. It has the support of Mr. Harding, howover, becauso he thinks it will lncrcaso government revenues at a time when tho budget sorely needs added sources of income. The Prohibition portions of tho mos- sago contain a few surprises. Tho President had been reported weaken lug on the Volstead law. It had been said ho noted a shift of sentiment In tho last elections. Ho comes out In his mcssogo us favoring a rigorous en forccment of the Volstead act. He frankly says tho provisions of tho lw lira not In his opinion contrary to pub lie desire. Ho predicts Hint a repeal of the Kightetmth Amendment Is not likely and tihks for "literal enforcement.' Besides. Mr. Hauling announces that he will cull the Governors of all the, AVAILABLE I IRISH INSURGENTS SENT TO FIRING SQUAD ON TREASON CHARGE UAM MELLOYES.- RORY O'CONNOR. States Into conference here to con sider ways and means at enforcing the rohlbition Laws through the In creased uso of State machinery. Tho message Is a complete victory for the drys. There Isn't n hint of wetness In It. Broadly speaking this means that Mr. Harding wants the Republican party to stand pat on tho Prohibition Issue, believing public sentiment to be on that side. Tho Democrats will naturally discuss whether to take tho other horn of tho dilemma. Their greatest strength in the Eastern States has been acquired through wot votes. Somo Democratic leaders think a Union of the solid South nnd tho populous Kastern Stales Is enough to iect a wet President. They think the South, which Is dry, will not ob ject, however, to modification of the Volstead act to permit tho salo of wino and beer. This is all theoretical. What Mr. Harding has done, however, Is to align his party on tho dry side by his messago to Congress. Ah for international affairs, the President maintains that Amencii need not take a concrete part In Euro pcan affairs, proposing that Amcri can foreign policy bo based, so far ns helping Kurope Is concerned, in 'sympathy fraternity and tho high est fellowship." COURT STOPS FIRE LIEUTENANT'S TRIAL E (Continued; cupylng the floor, did not iccognize Isaacs as a member of Kngino No. 18, with all of whom ho wns closely ac qualntcd. This man. nnmed Hosinsky, rnn to tho quaitcrs of No. 18 nnd said ho thought there was "a fake inspec tor in tho Cohen Brothers' place." Monnhan and another fireman re turned to the Cohen Brothers' factory with Roslnsky and confronted Isaacs. Tho sworn report continues that Isaacs confessed In the presence ot tho two firemen that ho had accepted $6 from ono of the Cohens for promls Ing to overlook. a small violation of the fire laws and that ho had provl ously taken $1 from Miss Colin, tho cashier of tho O. C. Dress Co. He was told to return to the headquarters of his owns company. Monnhan's report was forwarded to Commissioner Drennan that same night Tho next day Isaacs put In his application for retirement. Un der tho law such un application must be approved If tho applicant has seen moro than twenty years service, Isaacs became a fireman in 1S99. Tho day after that Commissioner Drennan ordored him suspended, put under charges und put to trial Through his attorney, Isaacs objected that ho was out of the department bo foro ho was suspended. Justice fian non to-day gavo him the right to be heard on thnt point next Tuesday und postponed his trial until after that hearing. Isaacs has had but two complaint against lilin In his twenty-two years of bcrvlcr. iii:aii.( iita rutiM slight coi.i. Tlio Tonic Knit I.RxalUe Ktfccl uf l.uvaih imOMO QUIMNU Tabloti noon rellcxe Headache cuutod from n Cold. 'Itie hot bvHm the ttlvnutmo of K. W. Glove. Mt WHITNEY TROPHIES IN $20,000 LOOT TAKEN IN RAID Last of Band of Five Long Island Twiliglit Burglars Arrested. For a long tlmo to come, Nassau County authorities promise, com muters along tho north shoro and In tho ccntro of Long Island will feel easier In spending their evenings In town than up to the timo ancna Weeks, Fingerprint Expert Charles Hanson and Superintendent E. W. Weeks of Plandomo hunted uown James Crawford, tho Negro whq Is In Mlneola Jail awaiting tho arrival of four New York prisoners arrested last night for trial with him. Fiorr; "larry Payno Whitney's placo - ley Hills to tho Sound thcro 'ight raids ending In tho loss ,600 to n second hand suit of v.. ki,C3 from Nov. 1 to Nov. 15. Tlio method was simple. An automo bile was driven as near as possible to tho house to bo robbed. A quick survey would determlna whether members of the family wero at homo: tho lights would show that. Thcro was a quick dash Into the nearest window which had not yet been fast ened for tho night, or even the front door. Sometimes the raid extended as far as tho second story. From Mr. Whitney's home a tlgcr- skln rug was snatched nnd some polo and racing trophies. Henry Halt hauscr of Plandome lost an evening reBs outfit, laid out to await his ar Iva! for a hurried chunge. Other Plandomo homes robbed wero those of Martin Howard, J. F. GlbbonB mid VIlllam Allison. A quantity of Jew elry wa3 stolen from Acosta Nichols of Cold Spring Harbor. The homo of W. W. Davis of Great Neck was vis ited In tho absence of his family in the South. Altogether from J1O.O00 to $20,000 of property wns missed, though the authorities were active from tho very first robbery reported. It wns noted that In many of the homes which were robbed there were Negro girls, of more or less frivolous tendencies, employed as maids. Whrcforo Weeks and the rest began to look for Jim Crawford, whose lean gray black face, drawn up on one side by n twitching "tic," masked a charm which made hearts under dark breasts flutter from the back districts of Port Washington, through Manhassct's "Smoketown" and along tho railroad colony at Little Neck, all tho way to the Congo dis trict of Flushing. It Is not so many years since Craw ford wns nrrested for tho murder of an old Negro with whom ho lived In Manhassct; cheerful witnchses against him became sullen nnd then forgetful and ho was not brought to trial. Other charges havo been mado against him formally, with a similar result. But when ne was actually found threo days aso tho detoctlvba sold they found a revolver In his pockot. Ho was nersuaded to tallc. ills con versation had to do with Fred Jack son, a Negro ot No. 11G West 53d Street. Jackson was found to bo In tho New York County Penitentiary serving a sentenco for weapon Carry ing. Jackson also talKed. Sheriff Smith nnd nis party weni last night to tho candy store or Dominic Coharn at No. 304 West 4uih Street. They hearched tho place and found nearly $10,000 worth of missing property nnd forty pawntickets, In dicating about as much more. Cohara and his wife, Frances, wero arrested charged with receiving stolen goods. though they bald they bad no wca the things they bought from their Negro clients wero stolen. At the homo of Cohara's son-in-law, jonn Sullivan, No. 300 West 40th Street, a few trinkets nnd a Lueger pistol were found nnd ho also wns arrested. Tho New York police say their rec ords show sentences to tho Catholic Protectory In 1004 for delinquency, a sentenco to Elmlra Reformatory m 1907 for attempted burglary and a sentence to Atlanta prison In 1911 for counterfeiting. Charles W. Hansen, fingerprint ox- port of Nassau County, lo-dny t-nld ho believes ho can clean up prac- Ically nil of the recent Long Island robberies. Ho believes J100.000 worth of valuables will bo recovered which .vcre stolen from this .section and that S'ew Jersey authorities may be aided In recovering tho samo amount" taken rom homes In that State in the laat year. LI! MELLOWES ARE EXECUTED BY IRISH (Continued) that held fho Four Courts Building in Dublin In lta btand against tho Free State troops last June. Each was taken prisoner when the building was captured after a three-day elege. Both O'Connor and Mellowcs had been arrested a number of times. Mellowcs, who bad barely passed his twenty-seventh birthday when executed, hud the more romantio eareor of the two. Bven when In his teens ho was an Indefatigable work er for tho Renubllcan cause. He or ganized tho Kiunnah-Elrcann, a body of boys who rJcdged their Hvo3 for a freo Ireland, nnd mado a bicycle tour of tho country to completo this work. In 1915 ho was arrested by the British, but escaped, and a prlco of (1,000 was put on his head. Finally his hiding placo wns discovered and, surrounded, but he broke through tho lines, disguised as a nun, nnd reached tho seacoast, where ho Bhlppcd as a stoker and, after a stormy voyage, arrived In America. During tho later days of tho World War ho lived In tho United States, but In 1919 returned to Ireland to cngngo again In tho fight for tho republic. Rory O'Connor wns educated to bo an cgninecr, completing a courrp In Dublin University, after which ho re ceived an appointment In Western Canada. Tho possibility of cnlsrtog the Irish fight for freedom apparently never entered his mind until tho out break of tho World War, when hn suddenly left his lonely camp in Can ada, crossed tho ocean and became, ono of tho central figures In t';o fa mous Easter rebellion of 1916. Uo was captured, but later released under tho amnesty. For many months ho took an acttvo part in tlio guerrilla warfare which scourged Ireland, but It was as tho leader of tho Republican forces that cetzed tho Four Courts bulldlnc In Dublin that ho first camo lrfto Inter national prominence. Hla defenco of that placo with a comparntlvo hand ful of men tn tho faco of bombard ment from tho Freo Stuto guns caught tho popular Imagination on both sides ot tho Atlantic. However, the hopelessness of tho situation, with reinforcements lacking and the Freo Stato forces bent on n prolonged siege, if necessary, llnally induced him to surrender nnd slnco thnt tlmo ho hud been treated as a prisoner of war. LONDON, Dec. S (Associated Press). Tho Irish Republicans, says n despatch to tho Evening Standard from Dublin, imvc Issued a manifesto describing Timothy Hcniy, tho Gov ernor General, ns a lifelong enemy of the nation. The manifesto adds: "Tho fight will go on as long as thcro Is a man In Ireland. It Is war to tho death." DUBLIN, Dec. S. A master spy cf Irish Insurgency was known to tho Free State Government to-day a3 tho man responsible for tho death In am bush of Michael Collins and Gen. Vnnls. This spy, posing as achaut teur and machine, gunner in tho Na t'onal army, yesterday stolo nn nrm orod car and handed it over to tho Pcbcls. Tho armored car used tn n Rebel atMUlt at Ballymakeera, County Cork, where 100 Free State troops surrend ered to nn overwhelming Insuigent force, nfler one had been killed and t5 wounded. The Free State Government an nounced tho man who handed over ho car to the De Valcraltes was In charge of an armored car accompany ing Mlchncl Collins when the famouj Freo Stato chieftain was slain. At tl at time. tliU man claimed his ma rhlne .run lammed. It was recalled. Later, when Gen. Ennls was blmllarly ambushed and killed, tho spy claimed his failure to return Rebel flro was duo lo having but ono machine gun elt. YOUNG MOTHER, PEEVED WITH HUSBAND, TAKES POISON IN BRONX HOME Mm. Ilrkulc G1. lull-In. Ill Since Clillil'o lllrth. Ittialiri! tn IloupKnl After SMnllotTlnR Tullrt. Mrs. Bessie Goldstein, twenty-one, of No. 3044 Kingsbridgo Avenue, tho Bronx, who is a brido of a year and n mother of a two-months-old baby, swallowed two blchlorido of mercury tablets In tho bathroom ot her homo this morning following n misunder (.landing with hr husband, nnd Is in Fordham Hospital In a serious condl tlon. The young mother had been ill Mnce tho biith of her daughter and up to last Friday was in churgo ot a nurse Her husband, Samuel, suggested to her this morning that sho go to tho home of hla mother for a while, as ho was obliged to go to business and could not spend his time with her dur ing the day. This suggestion was miiconstrued, according to neighbors, Going to tho bathroom to prepare tho baby's milk, Mrs. GoldBtcin swal lowed tho tablets. Sho fell to the floor and her husbund ran to her as sistancc, tho open bottlo of tablets ap prising him of what had transpired. Policeman McGowan of tho Kings brldgo Station, who wns culled, sum moncd Dr. Goldman of Fordham Hos pital, but tho woman refused to take an emetic and sho was rushed to tho hospital. There Is More Than One Way of winning a customer. Ever try making Com parisons the Best Candy You Know with the Best Candy We Make. Advt.onPage24 FIRE KILLS ONE, ' SWEEPS 27 BLOCKS. OREGON TOWN Damage Done in Astoria Blaze of Nearly ' $15,000,000. ASTORIA, Ore., Dec. 8 (Associated Press). Tho business district of Ab torla was laid In ruins to-day by a flro which broke out shortly after 2 A. M., nnd desplto efforts ot tho local flro department nnd reinforcements from Portland, swept twenty-seven blocks, causing a loss estimated ut between $10,000,000 and JIG, 000,000. According to reports from tho flro- swept district, Morris Staples, Presi dent of the Bank of Commerce, dropped dead. At 8 o'clock tho flames had eaten.' under the pavemont on Commercial Street, burning the piling on which tho city wns built, and firemen wcr unable to cope witli this development. Ono Ufa only was lost in the lire. according to leporta available at 8 o'clock, that of Staples. Two other business men who wcro missing and believed dead wcro accounted for later. Patients wero removed from St. Mary's Hospital, all tho wlndowa of which wero shattered by explosiors, of dynamito 'or gasoline tanks. HKE IN ALBANY CAPITOL CAUSES $500 DAMAGE ALBANY, Dec. 8. As Garry Fnrrcll, clerk for Majority Leader Lusk of tho Senate, and Edward Muldowncy of tho Assembly docket room, wero leaving tho Elks Club last evening, their attention was attracted by a blazo leaping out of tho window c' tho bill draftlnir room on the third floor of tho Capitol, near tno nonneaai corner. They sent In an alarm and firemen quickly put out tho blaze. Tho flamtu had burned down tho heavy window curtain, burst out tho glass nnd spread to tho law books on tho Bhclvou nearby. Otto Jantz said that It was probably caused by a crossed cloctrli wire. Ho estimates tlio damage at less than $300. RECALL OF DECISIONS OF U. S. SUPREME COURT. LOVETT'S SUGGESTION WASHINGTON. Dec. S.Judge Hobcrt S. Lovett, Chnlrman of tho Union - Pacific System, declarca to-day at the hearing hero that railroads could never bo satisfied with a Central Pacific system dominated by tho Southern Pa cific. "Only fcomo sort of a re call of decisions of tho Supreme Court," he said, would allow the Interstate Commcrco Commission to consider the Southern Pa cific's application. ELGIN New Model Wrist Watch Genulna Klein, latent model, Jenolled, regulaUd, fully euaranterd, only Kit; dependable timekeeper, cannot be dupli cated under 123. Ttili ll-K Solid While Gold Itrctaocular Watch, 15 Jewel, platinum tflnlah. la buy of n Ufetlmo at (IS. Satisfaction Guaranteed or Money Back. ROWES, Inc. Tfaich fipedallst'Slnce JSSS. 34 I'AltK ItOW. ff. V. Open i:enlnti. Cor. Ueekman Bt. Orpolto Post Office. Notice to Advertisers Display advcrtlsms type copy ind releaoB orders for clthct the week day Morning World or The Kvcnlne World if received after V. 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Actual value t!3 I ' csotrnct or otherwise, ' Trrn nrnnm V. oieo. , GIUES. CLAHA. Campbell Funeral Church, Broadway, 60th at , Friday, 11 A. M. MAKX. CHARLES J. Campbell Funeral Church, B'way, 6fllh, Friday, 11 A. M. NAUMlOnFi'. SliNUTTA. Campbell Fu neral Church. B'way, 66tli, But., 3 r. M. All ."Lost and Found" articles tvdvertlsed In The World or reported to "Ixut and Found Bureau," iloora 103. World Bulldinc. trill be listed for thirty days. These lists can bej een at any of The World's Offices. "Lost and Found" advertisements can be left at any ot The World's Advertising Acencles. or can bo telephoned directly to The World. Call 4000 Beekmsn, Kew York, ec Brooklyn Office, 10O Main.