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New-York tribune. [volume] (New-York [N.Y.]) 1841-1842, April 12, 1841, Image 1

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THE SEW-YOBI TRifU.NE
Will be published every morn.or. Sundays nifp?
No. 30 Aon-MreM, New-York,
Aud delivered i" City Subscribers f"r One Cent pet tory.
Hail Subscribers, $4 per ououij in s Ivance.
TO THE ADVERTISING PUBLIC.
In t!i- nope ofscenring a wide and ?eiieral Advertising patron:
W-ivor, of our friend- 1 .i! be ia.erH.-J nil f.itiber notice at tae
't"-iu? r<:duteil rj'.i ?? I
r r. ?' H ADVr.RTISF.MEST OK
wdre line* or 1?; iver %ix), first insertion. .?O c
j. for ??eh Htb?eq leas insertion. -?>
?0. for Mix ins< r: 0 w, or one Week.*1 SO
Do. for T w('i::<-fi ?< irtions, or one month.>*.! (MJ
I.carer Adv< ? ? meat* at equally favorable r?t<?.
For Fire 11 ' " ? : a!">v<- rat?-: Two lice-, n- ???
feiate rales?pay ab!< u ? 1 wm m advance.
Spirit of the Press.
From :).- I biladdphia American S'astin-!.
Th*: Latk vw. Calamity. <3>-j.|..r<?.l by ? add-r.-d
ari'l weopinc '?? f tho people, has nevertheless dro:
f jmiI <o?;" l'!> . . ! mnrViful iulluences in it* path, and
I developed b im? ; ? ?: ogs of the national heart, which will
lone be rcmembet ' with mild j">' and reverence as <\^r.\
ri'-sjit of ttr* superior forco of American patrr>!i-tn ami
Christian sensii :..;y to the feudi and form? of p&rtizaa par?
tiality Who remembered at the grave of Harriso.n that
he was the chi : and chosen "f a party-' Who regarded
the pale, !?:? athicss, death-stricken patriot as other than an
American President, a irr.-at pooplo's head and leader, ami
J.ord'- anointed? AJTcreeds and parties were i;i spirit
lit his death chamber ami crave shrouding and lowering
ti)"jr banners, am! mingling th'-:r tears; and many ^ politicaT;
opponent may hove exclaimed, '* Would to find i had died
t..r thee " Honorable to human nature ami to th ?sc deep,
bat oft-times suppr ssed and oblique affections of the public
bo?'.;:i :'.ir her ? ii * and bonofactors, tiave been the general
and ?\jsootancous griefs oftho present week. We bless God,
a^i 1 our and widowhood, for it* developments, an I
move on into the future with invigorated st--j>. and with
,.? oboratcd foitli in the American character.
Wctnotconc thing more, the tribute to Christianity and ::?
??aviiii' power to the strugglcr with death. No paragraphs
have boon read with livelier intorost than those which assure
as that Gen. Harrison died a Chbistiax: that his late
years were years of serious thoughtful! ncss; that in his iav-t
Mid most laborio is day*, ho was a devout reader of the ni
We. a believer i:i tbo Christian faith, a communicant itrncan
witit tho Christi u church; and that hi* sentiments were
:i?i>wi<d not amid ii:-- terrors of death only, but on that pal
miestaud proudest day of Iii* hUtory, when in obedience to
the voice of a fjrat< f-i <-'?untrv, and in the presence of fifty
ti]"Uf?:id people, t^'ok upon hij conscience the inaugural
oath. -
I'rciB t!i" Naiiivial 1111<:!i-r??uc< r.
'Th'- *->li'n;n event, although tho public will have l-?cn in
some dogreo prepared for it, will be to the whole country an
astounding blow. The uninterrupted health of the deceased
patriot, his r"l'?i?t constitutum and active strength, up to the
lost werk nf h\h life,had.left hi* countrymen nothing to wish,
ami nothing to fear in regard either to hU bodily or inrntni
capacity for the able discharge of tin- hi;;li trust to which he
was called. The tens <?f thousands of his fellow citizens
who assembled to witness tho ceremony uf his inauguration,
felt, in tho clear tnnos of hi* trumpft voirr. an assuruncothat
he possessed health and strength equal to tho arduous duties
which lay before bim. But this promise and this confidence
?\rr' ?(Hin to suffer a ?ad reverse. Tho week before la?t,
]iur- ji:i^ the practice of hi* active life, und his habit of ear?
ly li-sin-.' and exercise, the President, in the course of a
Ipng walk before breakfast, was overtaken !>y a slight shower,
and got wet. The following day h? felt symptoms of imlis
inisiiicin. which were followed by pneumonia, or bilious pleu?
risy, wbi' h ultimately baffled all medical skill, and termina?
ted In? virtuous, useful and illustrious life on Sunday morn?
ing, aftor an illness of eight day*.
Tho last time die President spoke was at 9 o'clock?a 1k
tJo 11,0111 than ihre? lwur? before ho expired?and the words
which bo then uttered were so remarkable that they descrvo
toi?- recorded and rcmemborod. While Dr. Worthington
und one or two father attendants were standing over him, bay?
ing just admthistcrodto hi* comfort, ho cleared his throat, a
if desiring to speak audibly, and. as though he fancied him?
self addressing Ins successor or some official associate in tho
Government, said : ?? Sut, 1 wish rov to urdirsta'ks the
truk rRIKClPU;s of TltK Go> krsmknt. 1 wish them
carr1ktj 001*. I a * K ??0 t111" ?; mors."
Those, his last words, wore uttered in a distinct voice, and,
as they wen- well calculated to do, impressed the gentlemen
present so solemnly, that l>r. Worthington immediately
jy-jrrpte them down for preservation. They" present a
bncf but impressive record of the thoughts which oc
I copied the last momeuts of tho departed patriot, and are
characteristic of the Roman devotion to"his country which
animated him throughout his lifo, and shone forth even in the
hour of death. Thus passed from lifo, and from the station
on eartli most worthy of a noble ambition, this good and wise
and illustrious citizen. It is not for us to attempt to do jus?
tice to the solemnity of the occasion, or to the deep grief
which pervades all hearts. As more fitting und adequate
than anv thine which we could say. wo quote the impressive
language uttered fr un one of our pulpits yesterday, by an
eloquent Divine :
"The intelligence of this morning, my Christian friends,
has filled thuusands >?( hearts, and will hi! thousands more,
With sadness and anxiety. The Chief Magistrate of nur
Union is ro more I One short month lincc, and.ist the
breathless atn ? lion of an immense multitude, with cli arand
solemn voice h ? call 1 God to witness that he wpuld raithlul
lv discharge the do i is of his high office. He has now gone
to appear in the presence of that God. The praises of his
friend*, the iteuuncintions of his enemies are alike awed into
silence before this dispensation of injstcrious Providence.
Amid the bui>) schemings of mau. the Supremo littler has
manifested h;* power; and we read with trembling ...,i:.,-Ss
his awful lesson, of tho uncertainty of human life, ihe emp
iinos> of ear;!:!;, glorj'."
?? You have - ?how recently a.:d sadly seen?that the
summit af human p ?wer affords no secmity from the shaft*
of death. The illustrious man. lately almost u nation's idol,
now lies in the calm deep slumber which knows do waking
till the final day. Those deeds of service to Lis country
'which were -.? familiar to the lips of thousands, and that
fidelity to bis-c untry's good, lately so fervently expressed,
tad as v\o ti so sincerely felt?thoso, and all else that
that
character, bare followed him to the bar of the
?rciful Judge. Before that bar. my friends, wo
ipear. We know not how $os*n. May we so
't time as to prepare ourselves for that awful
knei h
jlist an ?
'?!??.} an:
ne the p
boar." -
?ra the Commercial Advertiser.
To ourselve-. . scenes of the past month have been as a
protracted dream? i) euing in a bright a:.d. glorious Nision oi
the 4th of March, and ending in gloom at the clo?.- .?: ui e
short mouth. Ju?i a laomli ago yesterday we saw the g tod
old man movies in triumph thrpugh the street* oftho capital,
attended bya cbrongof counties* thuusands, making the arches
of heaven open w th their si*.-Mt^ of gladness. We nun ?!
ins own deportment?-grave and solemn, us though deeply im
pressed with the htg*! duties devolving upon him bv the new i
relation in which he ?to stand to thi people. He \>us m i
ther listed up by his ovation nor depn ?so?l as though the
charge was too great for j.-u.. but his carriago v.as altogether
that of an unostcntot ius a ' un ropublitfan statesman, car- j
rying upon his counts aa.vo . .o i:ru>r<-*s of patriotism, iuteg- ?
Mjty. and benevolcni e.
^Vo saw him dismount fromm'ssteodj ami ?:a::d : i.hupon
the portico of the national capital] there to proclaim the firia
Ctpks which should govern him in ti>0 administration of the
?oucern* of riii* ?w republic. Calmlv stood the good old
man, surroutklvd by tin wisdom oftho Set ate the Rej res?a
latrves of th? people, the chivalry of the army and r:nw. ar.d
much of the beauty of the land?to say nothing of the minis?
ters of foreign powers gazing intently upon ?u-h a popular
pageant as ihe world cannot exhibit. Having read hi* de
clarntion in a full, clear voice, the noble and patriotic eenti
ti:- of which met the ardent response of thousands, he then
with deep solemnity received die oath from the lips of the
Chief Justice of the United State-, an d reverently kissed the
sacred Book of God. in whose name be swore to be tru? to
the constitution and the people.
Then went up the last long shout of the mighty throng?
proclaiming thai the work of the people in a great civii and
bloodless revolution was accomplished?--it remaining only foi
their sen-ants to execute th- ir high behests. The moment
was one of awful solemnity and grandeur. But how true ih
iioe of Cowpcrt
? God mure? :o a rcir?:er:ou? way.1
One short month, and the naticn then so joyful, is whelmed
ih woe. -
From ttif Philadelphia <?j;ctt?.
Tm Ili ttn is Falls.* !?A nation ha* been smitten, a
republic ha.- been saddened by the fiat of a Power to wnxb
none can give resistance, and the swaying of b sceptre ?hieb
nunc can disown. Death, who in the beautiful and express?
ive language of the Latin Poet, knock? with equal pare at
the doors of cottages or palaver of King*, ha* received ;Le
late President into his icy arms?hi? freezing kiss has eman?
cipated a noble and benignant sp.n:?and that which but ves
terday was the -brine of pure and patriotic aspirations?of
warm love of country, and hopes fi r !:* happiness and honor,
is now but pallid and deserted du?t, from which the light of
life has (lod forever. It is a picture of solemnity, of awe
and admonition: it teache* js evaneseer.re of" human
hopes, the futility of sublunary wishes?and tells u*, loudly
and with awful emphasis, how worse than vain are the calcu?
lations on the length of year:- and boa ?rs, with which the rm
inent are so often as it were prospectively invested. The
King of Shadow? loves u shining mark?and against such
objects how ?fter, do hi* quickest and most fatal arrows rat
tie ! What we love, what we venerate, what ?c press to our
bosoms and wear in our hearts?how they bow to the mar.
! cf&te of * passive nwuy <>,ir fnthora, whara uru the} I un<l
! the prophets, do they live forcter .'
! No lnncunfre can describe the sorrowful consternation, the
I profound regret, which will pervade the LTnion. ?s the intelli?
gence of the death of its into President spreads far and wide.
! It will pass through the vast W()i?.e the sound ofo mighty
: iHik, falling in the stillness of the forest: the steamers, ?*
they plough along our mighty rivers, will bear with thorn thr
emblems of mourning?and an universal sadness, like the
rloitd ihat horalds forth the imminent tempest, will spread
; itself over the whole mass of the nation, from the dark
I streams of Maine to the waters of Mexico. Death na? sought
out and smitten a lofty victim ; there is sackcloth in the ::::?'.
placos, and wailing'throughout the land.
-' No glittering line
Of guards in pompous mail arrayed,
Bastion, or moated wall, or mound, ^
Or palisade ; ,' '
t)r covered trench, r-rcrc and (icon?
AU1 these cannot one victim keep,
Oh death! from thee,
When thou dost battle in thy wrath.
And thy strong shafts pursue their path,
Unerringly !'
Proas Ute Alban; Evening Journal,
Tiir President's Dkatii:?The most painful apprehen?
sions of yesterday are realized. President Hnrrison is n-<
more. Tho shadow of death has passed over the glory and
gladness of the Nation. The hope* of an exulting people
are crushed by the inexorable decree of an overruling Provi?
dence. The hand of the Almighty ? bastener has been made
visible to all eyes. Human pride rta'id* rebuked in the pre?
sence of His dark messenger?Death. Wo shall attempt no
eulogy upon the departed. The virtues and service*of hi*
life praise him. The sympathies of a grateful people that
joyously thronged around hi- It.tm;;.-.ration, attend him '.??the
tomb. Ambition mny envy such u death. Without ft -tain
upon the purity fit' his public or private fame, he passes to an
immortality where temptation, sin and error cannot reach
him. Our regrets at this national bereavement are ail for the
living. To them we dedicate our sympathy?with them we
iiiouru this irreparable los*.
Tur. I.a*t Moments of fiKifttnAL Harrison.?Every
thing connected with the ln-t illness of Genend Harrison will
be read with intoro-l by tin- public, and among tile most plea
sanl ol our reflection is the happy and willing exit the rood
man made to another world. We find in'the correspondence
of the Philadelphia North American an anecdote recorded,
which wo have seen authenticated ia other quarters. The
porter of the White House w as sent early to !.i? bedside on
Thursday morning wf last week, two day* prier to hi- illness,
and found the General up. with lu* sprctocles on, and rending
the Bible. ?' He reads his Bible," sanHkvisitor to the porter
immediately after. ''Oh, yes, indeed he does, good man, and
1 believe be prays too," wa< the reply:
The remark of Dr. I law ley whs, that of the six Presidents ho
had known, and preached * f,Gen. Harrison was the onlv one
whom he saw worshipping God upon hi* knees. A- further
proof of the Christian faith of the President, and as an illus?
tration of his nobleness of chanu ter, we have evidence that
nearly a year since, he manifested a disposition to"become a
member of the Episcopal Chute* of Cincinnati. He was
pressed by his Clergyman to do so. The answer was that
he would but for the fact that ho knew his motives would be
impeached, and he would be accused of connecting himself
with a Church ^f God for political purposes. Ho intended
to have become a member of a Christian Church w hile Pre?
sident of the United State*, and thus add to a Christian duty
which he owed himself, th? Christian virtues of a good exam?
ple. For th?- b'*s of such .1 man well may the nation grieve.
We are told that upon the night of his death, tears fell from
eye* tbar seldom weep. I lying as h- did like a Statesman
and a Christian, with his last thoiisihts for his country and
his last hope- in (iod. we find our griefs lessened in the hope
that a blessed immortality awaits him.
Beaptiks of thk StT.-TkKAsfi'.v.?We gave our readers
? day or two since a specimen of the beauties of the Sub
Treasury system a* illustrated in Michigan. The Madiso
nian tells of an example of its practical operations at St.
Louis, Missouri.
Tluee hundred thousand dollars in ipeeie have been accu?
mulated and locked up in the vault* of the Receiver-General
at St. Loui=. at an expense of 'Zk p?r com, whiieit is want- d
elsewhere.
If the Government de-ires it here, it m::si be transported
under insurance of military protection nt a heavy additional
exjKmse. ? In the ordinary conrse of mercantile or banking
business, the transf 1 could take place by draft, or bill of ex?
change, without trouble, delay ?r expense. This Cuban
financial svstem. embarrassing, expensive, and impracticable.,
we tru-i w ill bo at an early period repealed by the coming
Congress. ,
In connection with this, wo L'^e a picture of the nucleus
around which the litt!? Sub-Treasuries tevsdve. A corres?
pondent of the Tailed State* Gazette is tho painter.
" The question has been sometimes asked?U'nat. and
where is tho Sub-Treaiury;.' For the information of the cu?
rious. I will answer. Tie sub^Trea?ry is a dungeon-fash?
ioned room, in the right hand passage after yau enter the
Treasury, at the main front. It :* a section of a circle, with
iron bars and gratings to th-j window*, completely proof
against tire, and made equally so against that more danger
diu enemv. man?:i-s*. bvthe impenetrability of its walls and
loors; and secondlt; by the guard of two watchmen. In
this vault I saw. a day or two ago, a pile of some twenty or
ihirtv ba-s of cold, ind suspected the proximity of Treasury
Notes enough to [mpE? wealth to thousands. Respectable
citron*. ! buhev.lnre p?rmirted W taks a p*?p ut this
mv-tcrious cruim'J
inciplc* of the t;over*trteai. I wi?h them carried
\EW-YORK. HOBDAY, APRIL 12. If
Fpob ihc iart Kn.ckcrt/*> t> r?
a r r 11..
et :?aac m'liluak, jrMor.
? Sow yr.ucg ?Ulam; Begin to put forth th<ir irn.ler leaves : the ca?
pricious rains, :iari coquetting cha-y of their smiles, ciaho :h"
ftrxu mliaat with a frf-Gf r verdure; the country froir, ensconced :n
his ?<?;! of jr'cn --rnwe. ?en !s a p!<?a.-ac! ku*:: abroad, through the
reed: dial tremble about hi- pool \ the maple bough* redden >a the sun
beio. an.! saccharin* pouts are distilled from the tree. Tho husband?
man wrnb- throucb ih? ?????{Jar.i!. with v?ll-pi.I m-ck-yokc \z<l
brmmiw pail-: tu? smoke rises above the forest t"n,?the axe r:nr
froai the1 -at.-'v ? . k-.' Snows in'I: from mi- Gelds, and only :r. the ?al
leys, under umbrageous.pines and < -?ar-, do they remain. TOe hcroj
frisk .n tri.' pasture: -Icp-inntia? ?ound? -su! ovor the landscape, and
the haze Iba! betoken- brighter days i.nger.- La the distance.'?'.'Hoped.
Ali! smiles and tears
Th* fresh yonni: April day appear* :
Ab?ve tti*? cwttted old tree-root.
Above the verdurous springing era".
AI ove the sof: turf's new born shoot,
Her dancing footsteps pass.
Her 'lear eye swirre in "..pi t.
Her golden tre??es ior^elv cow :
Her gay voice sinreth in delic'st,
Her cheeks with healthful beauty glow .
In her green hollow way
Tr.e wddrlowers ?princ in myriads tip .
The croons nods its blossoms gay,
Tr.e violet lifts its arure cap ;
The .:!y swing- its snowy bei!.
? The honey suckle opes its shelL I
Down the moist m'-aiow land.
Wr.er* :i:ro' the tiow r:nc gre-n-ward rbiws r". i.
Sweet smelling hloom? their odorous leave* expand
In every woody nook.
The e^lden berried wax-work weaves its wreath
Of verdare : and the clematis
Shoots :t? soft hi.re- :h- thick boughs benciti: ;
And oft the soath win ', stoops to kiss
Tr.e modest snow-drop :u ti e trass :
0 'er the clear stream the gaudy mosses lean,
Tr. *ec reflected in that lucid glass
Their velvet fringes and their festoons green.
Sweet April! with thy doodles- forehead hour,.;
With dewy wild dower., and with rose? crowned,
I \nvn daea tv*!!'
Deep in the heart of man. a* o 'er the earth.
Thy pr">er,-e casts a cheerful tone of mirth.
A ?oft. sweet spell :
The newly-budding groves repent thy e.all
With joy through ail their lone arcades ;
And ti e hoarse sounding waterfall
Hejoites in the aim. primeval shades.
I love thy chanceful skies,
With ail their cloudy trimm- and brightening smiles .
i .ove to sec thy glowing morn arise
0 'er the blue h?ls and. the soft sleeping isles :
I love the mild, and temperate flush of mom.
With all the'young leaver daneing with delight;
I love thy golden eve, end silver moon
Palling in streaming glory o 'er the night:
1 love to hear thy healthful breezes raise
0 'cr the wood-tops their sounding psalms ef praise.
1 love to hear thy sounds of rustic toil.
Win-re glides the furrowing -hare along the fertile soil.
Krom tue Chrialiaa Observer.
TUR HORRORS OF WAR.
.4 r.'i rgytnan, ttho iceni ore r the field of battle ?fter the
defeat ef .'/,< Russians by the King of Prussia a' Sol<!n/.
xrotc and published the following acrount of it;?At one
o'clock the cannonading ceased, and I went out on foot to
Soidin. iu older to learn to whose advantage t attle turned
oat. Toward evening 700 of the Russian fugitives came to
I Soldin, a pitiful sight indeed : some holding up thcii hand-.
' curbing and swearing', others praying and praising the King
| of Prussia, without hat?, without clothe*, some on foot, others
I two on a horse, with their heads and arms tied up: some
? dragging along by the stirrups, and other* by the horses'
tail*. When tiie battle was decided, and victory shouted (or
j the Prussian army. I ventured to the place where the cannon
lading was. After walking some wav. a Cossack's horse
i came running fall speed toward me. I mounted him, and on
my way for seven mile* and a half on thi* *ide the field of
battle, I found the dead ami wounded, lying on the ground,
sa.ily cut !:: pieces. The farther 1 advanced, the more these
! poor creatures lay heaped one upon another. Thi* scene 1
' shall no\er formet. The Cossack*, as soon as thev -aw me,
; cried out, " Dear nr. water, water, water.' Righteous Gud .'
! what a sigh:. Men, women, children, Russians and Prus
' siiui*. carriages ami horses, oxen, chest*, baggage, all lying
j one upon another, to the bight of a man: seven villages
? around me inflames, and th? inhabitants either massacred or
] thrown into tho tire.
The poor wounded were still firing at one another in the
' greatest exajpornuon. The field of battle was a plain two
, miles and n half long, and wholly covered with dead und
j wounded. There was notcien room to set my foot without
? treading on some of them. Several brooks were so tilled up
j with Russians, that I affirm it. they lay heaped up oncvupon
. another, as high a- two men, and appeared like h?ls to the
common ground: 1 could hardly recover myself from the
; fright occasioned by the great and miserable outcry of tho
, wounded. A noble Prussian officer, wha had lost both Iiis
I legs, cried out to me: "Sir. you are a priest, and preach
? mercy: pray show me some compassion, and despatch me at
i once."
Siehe before the battle of Prussian Eylait, from Sir
Robert Wilson's Memoirs:?PerhatK no night was ever
j more awful, no occasion ever excited a higher interest. The
contact of the adverse armies?the importance of their char?
acter and objects?the fa es that awaited their achievements
; ?the events that depended on them?the presence of 150,
t U00 men impatient fur mutual slaughter?the wintry wild
j ncss of the scene, faintly cheered le. tin- partial fires, on
l whose blaze the darkness of the storm rested, and whose
? flames exposed to view the shivering groups extended around
.?knowledge of the Russian sufferance?commiseration o'f
. their helpless distress?anxiety for their fate?all these kept
' unclosed the wearied eye. and oppressed the mind with va
I riety and weight of thought.
j Scene after the battle, from the same :?During the su*
| pension of movements, a few moments were afforded to con?
template the held of battle, and never did a more terrible
, spectacle present itself. Fifty thousand brave men since sun
: rise killed and wounded, and a great parr, being struck by
t cannon shot, exposed still on the ground, without the means.
: without the hopeof succor. Near fifty th lusand more. Mem
. out with fatigue a/t:d e.xhau*te.l with hunger, were unable to
keep the field, and about to abandon their mangled comrades,
i who were imploring iheir assistance and protection.
The i'ru*sia::? had provisions: but the Russians had no
i other sustenance than tho frozen snow. Their wants hud in
? duced number* during the battle to search for food in the
adjoining village*, and the plain was covered by foraging
parties passing and repassiag.
The French left <ioi) of their own wounded, and 150 Rus?
sians, under the care of iwp surgeon*, bu: without instru?
ments or means of dressing, without provisions, and with,
i dead bodies intermingled in almost every room. The burgo?
master of La^d*berg declared that I?.?U0 w..ur.J-d had
passed tarourh bis town. Although the soldiery and p--u?
aniry had. since the battle, been continually etnpiou-d i:.
burying the dead, the ground was still covered with human
care o;*--s: and parts of the r^wd towards Landsberg were
literally r>a".-'d w;?h fror^m and enerj*;ed bodi?-*. winch the
rcniRiing cannon wheels had rather sdlintered than ia lerati d
Scene at Heilsberg, fron the same :?The cxmon tirin- ?
dered, and the musketrv rolled, illuminating the atmosphere
with contin-k i f.ame, till gradually the c imbat relaxed. a::d
the Russian iines re-ascended to their position. A little be?
fore ten at night, a desert?>r came over to tr.e Ra?*ians. sjj i
tnb'rmed the general tha: another us?a-l: was : - i: _? from
the wood. Suitable arrangements had scarcely been mid .
when the dark bodies of the columns wer? seen sweeping j
i torward. Again the batteries were opened, and the fury of j
the battle again raged; but the assailants, unable uj farce j
the progress, ded back wrecked and almost unnihiiau?!.? J
The action bveas:? then fvobie. and aboctctWven o'cloqk the ?m- '
out?i a?k nothing more.-*?ILtRfcisox.
emy. aicmg their Hnc of tirailleurs, shouted "arrftczlc combat,'
(cease the action) when thi* scene closi d, and the mx*sacre
: terminated; But the'.cassation of the tumultuous uproar of
war was followed by a m ire melancholy din?the groans of
the wounded. ?!: >, anticipating the morrow's renewal of the
Seht, or tortured bv pain, in vain implored removal, relief,
and even death.
Heavy :ai.- fell is the early part of the nigh:, which ren?
dered the ground exceedingly- slippery, and the troops expe?
rienced much-distress. When light broke, the French were
, arrayed in order of battle: but a spectacle, indescribably dis?
gusting, engaged attention more than the hostile disposition*;
The ground between the wood anil the Russian batteries,
about a quarter of a rn:!>\ was a sheet of naked human bo?
dies which friend* and foes had during the night mutually j
stripped, not leaving the worst rag upon them, although num- I
i ben of these bodies still retained consciousness of their situ
adorn It was a sight that the eye loathed, but from which .
I it could not remove.
Scene at Cadiz after the tea-fight off Trafalgar, from
, Scmple*i Travel* '??A* the wind was contrary to our cross?
ing over, the boat was obliged to make several tacks. In one
i of these we approached so near the shore, that we plainly
discerned two dead bodies which the *ea had thrown up.?
Presently a number of men or. horseback, who for this sole
I purpose patrol, d the beach', came up. and having observed
I the bodies, made a signal to others on foot among the
bushes. Several of them came down, and immediately be
I can to dig a hole in the sand, into which they dragged the
; dead.
All this possessed something of the terrible. But in Cadi/.
I the consequences, though equally apparent, were of a very
; different nature. Ten days after the battle, they were still
Employed in bringing ashore the wounded; and spectacle*
were hourly displayed at the wharf- and throsgfa the streets
?x?cient to shock every heart not yet hardened to scenes of
dood a.-.d of human suffering. When by the carelessness of
j the boatmen, and the surging of the sen, the boats struck
i acain-: the stone pier*, a horrid cry. which pierced the soul,
? arose from the mangled wretches on board. Many of the
: Spanish gentry assisted in bringing them ashore, with symp
! toms,of much compassion; yet as they were finely dressed.
' i: had something of the appearance ?f ostentation, if then
could bo ostentation at such a moment. It need not W
j donbted that an Englishman lent a willing hand to bear them
; up the steps to their litters; yet the slightest false step made
, them shriek out, and I even yet shudder at the remembrance
; of the sound.
On the top* of the pier the scene was affecting. The
I wounded were carrying away to the hospitals in every shape
of human misery, while crowds of Spaniards cither assisted,
ot looked on with signs ornorror. Meanwhile their com
: pardons who escaped unhurt, walked np and down with
foldi d arms and downcast eyes, while women sat on heaps of
arms, broken furniture and baggage, with their heads bent
between their knees. I had nb inclination to follow the lit?
ters of the wounded: yet I learned that every hospital in
, Cadiz was already foil, and the convents and churches were
fol ? I to be appropriated to the reception of the remainder,
t t-i {eaving the harbor. I (kissed through the town to the
! point, and -till beheld the terrible effects of the battle. As
i far as the cy.uld reach, the sandy side of tho isthmus.
? bordering on the Atlantic, was covered with masts and yards,
the w recks of ships, and here and there the bodies of the
dead. Among others, I noticed a top-mast marked w ith the
, namu of the Swiftsttre, and the broad arrow of England,
which only increased my anxiety to know how far the English
had suffered ; the Spaniards -till continuing to affirm that
they had lost their chief admiral and half their fleet.
While surrounded by these wrecks I mounted the cross
: trees of a mast which had been thrown ashore, and casting
my eyes over the ocean, beheld, at n greal distance, several
m i-:s and portions of the wreck still floating about. As the
sea u:is almost calm, with a -ti^ht swell, the effect produced
. by diese objects had in it semi thing ofn sublime melancholy,
and touched the soul with a remembrance of the sad vicissi?
tudes of human affairs. Though portions of Hooting wreck
? were visible from the ramparts, yet not a boat dared venture
1 out to examine or endeavor to tovy them in : such was the ap?
prehension which stil! filled ti:-- mind-of the enemy.
Description of a Military life, from Rocca?t Memoirs of
Ike War in Spain :?When we came to plenty, wc mode
haste to enjoy it: we lived as fast as we could, because we
knew- that nothing could last long. When the cannon roared
at a distance, announcing an approaching attack on any part
, ot an enemy's line: when the different corps wore hurrying
', into action, brothers and friends serving in several divisions,
recognised each other, and stopped to embrace, an : had a
hasty farewell: th-'ir arms clashed, their plumes crossed each
other, and they returned instantly to their rank?,
'I he habit of danger made us look upon death as one of
the :n"-t ordinary circumstances of life: we pitied our com?
rades when wounded, but when once they had ceased to live,
the indifference which was shown them amounted almost to
irony.
When, as the soldiers passed by, they recognised tne of
their companions stretched among the dead, they just said,
?? Mi* i- in want of nothing, be will not have hi* horse to
abuse arain, he has jot drunk for the lust tine-," or some?
thing similar, which only worked, in the speaker, a stoical
contempt of existence : such were the only funeral orations
pronounced in honor of those who foil in uwr battles.
Fmm the Journal of a March from Li*!>on to Coimbra
in 1811:?Before sunrise we departed for Leira. On reach
in:- it, we went to the commissary. He jay-e us out of a tub
-nine salt f? f. so extremely putrid that we could not touch
it. The bread too was so offensive, that I could not even
'bear it in the room. Having rested, 1 went into the town.?
What a sight! almost every house a heap of ruins : the con- j
v.-nts destroyed: the streets green with grass; in some
streets not an inhabitant; such a mournful silence in these |
deserted places; and where there were any inhabitants, such \
pale, wretched figures!
A friar led mo round an immense convent. It was a mass
of ashes and ruin. Every picture, every statue, every orna?
ment, every mqnumont, and even every tomb, broken and de?
stroyed. Human bones, that had lain at rest forages hud
been disturbed, and were scattered over the ground. The
walls were black with fire ; the stan-en*.'* pulled dow n ; the
windows torn out of their frame, ; the very fountains ruined!
< (h, such a scene of desolation ! the actors in this scene had.
in some instances, scrawled their names with firebrands on
the walls of the churches and convents. The most finished
specimen of Gothic architecture rover saw, is achapel situated
among the rocks on which the castle stands. This has suf?
fered worse than any other building. Every tomb is broken
open in search of treasure. The beautiful foliage of the stone
capital* is knocked to pi.s out of pure mischief, the altars
leveled, the fine carwl doors completely-demolished. Re?
ally, my tears were ready to flow, when I stood on the high
brow of the castle, and looked down upon the ruins of one of
the faires: cities of this kingdom at my feet. Oh war, war,
w hat a scourge to the nations art thou ! and oh liappy, thrice
happy, blessed peaceful England, whom alone, of all the na?
tions of Europe, ttu Lord has in mercy preserved from its
ravages.
Loss LtTE IS Naval Actions.?The naval actions of:
the English have in-.-n always remarkable for the comparative
small loss of life with which they have been gained; and in
th'- estimation of the country this has always formed a prin?
cipal feature of the public triumph. The loss of Acre wa
t!io smallest ever known in an affair of such magnitude : and
decisive a* the victory was, we should regard it with increased
conrratulation. from its offering a.hope that war (if such
must come) mav vet be carried on with diminished sacrifices
to humanity. On this important subject we snail give a
glance at the losses in the great principal actions since the
beginning of the ereat war of the French Revolution. In
Lord How./, aerion of the first of June. 1793, there were
twe-atv-iii sail of the line engaged, with 17,000 man. The
total of tha killed and wounded amounted to 1078. In Lord
Bridgport'i action of the twenry-ihird of June, 1795, liiere
wer? ktnw: sail of tiw line with 10,009 mcs. The k?ted
0 F PIC E \ O. 3 0 \ N N-S T.
vol. i. \o. a.
! and wounded were 144. In I.onl Sr. Vincent's action thorn
were fifteen sail of the line, with 10.000 mea. The killed
on 1 wounded were 300 In Lord Duncan'-* action. October
1770. (here were sixteen sail (including two 50's) with 8,000
; men. The killed and wounded were 751. In Lord Nelson's
battle of the Nile, first of August. lTSjS. there wise fourteen
sail, with 8,000 men. The killed and wounded ?ere S93. la
Lord Nelson's attack on Copenhageni2d April. IS01, there
w.-ie eleven -nil of the line and five frigate*, with 17.o00 men.
The killed and wounded were 1524. >In Lord KciW* bat?
tle of Trafalgar, 21st of October, 1S0.*>. there were twenty
seven sail, with 17,000 men. The kille*! and wounded wore
1524. In Lord Exmouth's attack on Algiers there were five
*ail of the line and five frigates, w ith 5.0?0 men. The killed
wer- S13. ,The difference of losses in those engagements ?*
to be accounted for in genera) by th*> circumstances of the
conflicts; But the attack on the Algerine batteries inflicted
tho severest io-s ofthe whole, in proportion to the number of
men engaged?it was little less than a fifth. I ci ?> O Mag.
prom the New-York Mirror.
THE DYAKS IN THE ISLAND OK BORNEO.
BoRXtO is the third largest island in the world?it is em
bosomed in a great cluster of islands, surrounded by *eas. so
shut in by land that their waters are as smooth a* those of a
lake. I;* western coast is scarcely two days' sail from Singa?
pore,1 which is becoming the groat mart for trade between
India, the Western World and China. Thv Dutch have sev
i oral small establishments upon tho coast.
The population ofthe island, which is estimated at 3.500.
; 000. i* compose,) of various tribes. Some are Malays, others
! Bugis?both of these are Mahomedant?in a partially elvi?
I Bied state', and cngagy d iu trade, although the Malays esj>o
I dally seem gready to prefer piracy. A people called Dyaks,
' whose numbers arc supposed to be about 2,000,000; occupy
: the w5 ilc interior ofthe island, which is chiefly m mraairtous,
and are its original inhabitants. Thoy arc still savage?; Some
j of their tribes are. however, more barbarous than other*.
\ These rove about like wild beasts: at night they sleep under
: 5om ? . urge tree, the branches of which hang low : ?>.?%? arc
looked upon and treated by the other Dyaks as wild beasts.
Thej go out and hunt them for amusement. The men taken
in these incursions are invariably killed: but the woman, if
young, ai.mmonly spared; The children of these w ild
Dyaks, it is said, cannot be tamed. In consequonec, when
taken, they have one of their feet cut off by tbeii captors,
that they may not run away to their native forests; their ser?
vices being still available for paddling in their canoes, Sic.
Many of the Dynksarc engaged in agriculture, and collect?
ing the prod ice of their country, such as camphor, bees-wax,
gold-dust, etc. for sale. But the occupation for 'which they
are most notorious is that of hciid-hunlins' The men must
procure at least one head before they can marry ; (V . pre?
serve also the bead* and skulls of persons they have slam, an
trophies and ornaments. They seek for heads as (St would
>eek wealth or honor, and these constitute their wcahh and
honor. The Dyuk head-hunter cherishes no enmity toward
the person he kills, either private or national. It is neither
more nor less than a wretched custom, one of the many of a
similar kind that exists in countries where Satan?tho de?
stroyer?reigns supreme. This custom, and the feelings of
the heart necessarily connected with it. form the most odious
trait in thi- people's character. They have, however, many
gootl qualities. They are generally inclined to cultivate the soil,
an- a fine race of people, und very' bones;. Then- rices aie
tho.-e of barbarians who know no better. So.neof the iwnding
natives have already expressed their readiness to rtf?mmis?
tln> practice of bead-hunting,if Europeans would only come .and
settle among them. They seem generally to have do religions
belief; At till events they have no religion tp which they nro
strongly attached, which, of course, is a favorable circum?
stance toward their reception of the true religion.
Scarcely any efforts have yet been made to introduce Chris?
tianity among these people. The Americans are, us we have
said, now turning their attention to the island. From the
journal of the two missionaries who have recentiv returned
from a tour in tho country we make the follow ing extracts:
At one village, they observe, ?? The Dyaks, here still con?
tinue the practice of cutting off heads, ami boast of bringing
m two or three fresh ones every year. In the verandah where
we have our lodgings, there arc fifteen or twenty, and some
suspended immediately over the [dace assigned us to sleep in.
Mow many heads nil- now iu their possession we cannot learn,
but wo are told they nr" numerous, or to u-to their own lan?
guage. ? many tens.' Here we may remark that the Dyak?,
in general, appear to know nothing of numbers above ten;
hci.they give us their reckonings in this wn\. The warri?
ors of tili- village sally birth every year on a beheading ex?
pedition. They seem not to have thi- least compunction of
conscience on thi-subject. They laugh at us when we ex
press our astonishment at the practice, and ridicule us when
we attempt to teach .them it* cruelty and wickedness. I*
does appear that the Dyak character is mode up of extremes
As w. them, they are mild, and gentle, and' given
hospitality.' Bot when they exchange their domestic habit
for those of the warrior, their greatest delight seems to In
to revel in human blood, and their greatest honor to ornamen
their dwellings with human heads, which are the trophies A
their inhuman barbarity. Shocking as it may appear, this
??ai r-, about w ith them tokens of the number of persons they
have killed. Thi-they effect by inserting locks of human
hair corresponding to the number of persons decapitated, in
the sheath "f their war-knife, which they always carry with
them w hen from home. We fell in with a man this evening,
fust n turning from his labor, with a basket in which he had
carried out the necessaries fir thi- day, and to which was at
tached a lock of human hair. The hair was ten inches or a
foot long. Me informed us that it was a token of his having
cut off a head during the past year. Mow true it is that the?4>
dark places of the earth are fuli of the habitations of cruelty.'1
Upon another occasion, a leccnt writer remarks:
?? lb-re we discovered the lirsr indication of religion among
the Dyaks. Upon our arrival the first thing which attracted
our attention was several small wooden images placed under
a shelter. Upon mquhry, we wen; informed that these, images
ore mementoes of their old men who ha/1 distinguished them?
selves by daring exploits, the number of head- bey had cut
off, etc. Whenever such persons die, they make a wooden
image, rude indeed, yet in the form of a man, varying in
length iron: twenty*inches to three feet. Arou.vl this they all
gather, and hold a feast of consecration, after which it
placed among the other-. These are. aU considered patron goc
w hose peculiar province it is to watch over arid pro-per th?
cultivation of rice. At the time of planting the rice they a
removed to or near the field, with their faces in that dirt
tion. Mere they are left till the crop is gathered, when th
ure again brought into their dwellings. As far as we cou
learn, the only act of worship paid to these images i- that ot
offering them food once a month, such as rice, pork, fowls etc
?' Human beads hang all around os, and some are suspende<l
over our sleeping-place. We tried hard to obtain one of tho
h'-ads; but the fare expression ofthe wish was met by a
prompt and decisive ' No: we'cannot part with mem.' The
same wa- the ras?; with the wo<iden images. On no condition
whatever would they consent to part with either. The only
reason assigned was thai sickness would be the inevitable
consequence. The heads are considered charms to ward off
evils and procure blessings, and believing this, it is no matter
of surprise ihat they are loth to part with them."
The writers of the above journal spent about fi>ur weeks
on the island, during which time they traveled one hundred
and seventy miles on foot, going about sixty redes into the
interior. The general impression produced on their minds
by what they observed during their visit, was of so favorable
a character, that it has been determined to commence a mis?
sion u Borneo a: once, and to establish two or three stations.
Six American missionaries and their wives were expected to
proceed from Singapore to the isbind during last summer.
Man lid WoXA5.?Men are like horse-beans, the out
side is good for nothing, but, with good boiling, they make a
nourishing dish ; women are like tho more delicate ?h
bean, in which beau and pod, inside and onuidu. { uall*
excellent.

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