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BY HORACE GREELEY.
"PRICE OXE CENT. TUE XEW-YORR TRIBUNE Will be published crery morn Sr.?, (Sundays f ir?p:cd,) at No, '.V\ Ann-street, New-York, As.) delivered to City Sub.rribers for One Cent ;>or copy. Ma:! Subscribers, $1 y annum in advance, TO TFIK ADVERTISING PUBLIC. Injthe hope of securing a wide and general Advertising patronage, the favors-of nur frieru)? will be inserted till further notice at the fol lo ?it.; reducod rates, viz: for BACH advertisement o? Twelve line* or !<?.. [over six). fi.?t insertion. 50 ct?. Do. for oMrli siib?c<ju'iit insertion. US 44 Do. for Mix insertions, or our- w*ek,.*?I HO Do. for Twcntr-flre insertions, or oho month,.$H OO Longer Advertisements at equally favorable rate*. For Five lines, half the nKove rule.; Two line?, one-fourth of these r?lw?payabl* in all cases in advance. CHEAP MDF?SHIONABLE GMD? O K RA R al>~A^IA^CU., _ ><?. 167 Mpriiig-nlrect. V%rOVLD RESrECj FULLY call th? attention of LADIES to their v? stock of Dry Goods, comprising as great a variety ofrirh Silk CuoiU as can be found in Broadway, aad ai much Ion er prices, \V< will endeavor to convince all who nay fa-.or us with a call, that the above are Cm t- worthy of attention. Our assort aunt < oasists ui part of the following articles, viz : Rich Chiua Silk- ? Bombasines, of every description 1 Damask dou new style j Printed Lawns, a superior article Rich figured do. ' lush Linens I'lain, of all kind. Table Damask Black and blue-black do. ' French, English and American Silk Shawls I Calicoes, JackoneU, Cambrics. Silk Scarfs I vr.. Si e. N. R?Ju.t received, n superior article of Gambr?ons and Crape ?' Csmblets. n27 i/ IV EW AIV? KM H Nl'KirVt. COODIN. T_| A. H. HALL. Catharine street, eoner of Henry,'would iu A l ? f rm their Customers und tlm Public generally that they have Within the la-t month purchased at auction nearlv (59,000 wot tli of DRY OOODP, solely for Cash,) many of them "for less lhan half : their value, which they are positively, now selling for the following low and unheard-of price. : calicoes. I 20 cose, of English Trinis, containing 40,000 yards, at 1? per yard, i Thus*- (food* ar.r richly worth Iss) prr yard. Also, ? good assortment of French Prints, from 2a to 2sG prr yard. Printed Muslins frtni Ist! to 2?C per vard. MfiUSSELIjV DF. /..USES. 200 dresses ofdark De Laine?. from Iiis to 14s per dress. 100 dress? es splendid satin stripe Challey >, very cheap. 50 Q~uoen\ fancy dress? es, (a new -t\ le of goads.) silks. Rich plain black .-.ud blue black Silks of every style and quality. Also, a magiMDcesl assort menl of colored .silks, plain and tii'ured. shawls. Broolie Shawl- of the Iar::v<t size, from 12s. op. cloths .im) ojssimeres. 100 pieces Paiiuctt*. from 3sG t? ?.?. Gambroous, Drillings, and Summer Stuff*, of every tize mid pattern. LINENS. Linens. Lawns, Diaper,. Sic. Sic Sic. 900 dozen of lincn-cumbric Ildkf-, (Vinn 1-ti upwards whii h is not half the cost of importation. dome st res. 9phjft.es of heavy yard wide broSbcctings, at Oil per yard. Also, 50 cases of blenched Sheetings ..ml Shirtiu?-, from iJd per yard upwards. Bed neks. Furnitures, Cheek-, Prints, etc A pood nssorUicnl of Holser) and Gloves. N. B. Ju-t received, SO pieces of black aad blue black Bombazines, ' fnm 6s. per yard upwards. aSGil w ' KICtI PKI.VTKD IHMdlVl PBROWN A CO.469j Broadway, 2d store below Grand street. ? hegte call the attention of the Ladies to n largo assortment of beautiful primed Muslins which they have just received. The styles are all entirely new, ofih? most nlrgant designs, and perfectly fa.t colors. The price-, it will be seen, are remarkably low. RiinJi ('limn l-ll.."i.-J. ,..-r--J Colored grounds, very beautiful style, 2-Gd. Splendid colored stripes; ?nly 3s Also, 30UU yard- new style Mous.de Laiue, Sidy 2s6 per yd. a great bargain. 300, splendid 7-1 mid r-4 .rlk shawls, only $3 58 and $3 00. An entirely u-w style of rich Cashmere Shawl-, have just been re? ceived. Plain colored satin striped Chnllya 4s per yard. A largo lot of hc.nitif/l embroidered Chilly.-, only (is per yard, u2l 1ni DKY (iOODM-DKV GOODS-DBV <?001?*. fXTE mute the attention of our customer-, (the l.adie- In particu tl lar,) to our extensive assortment of SPRING GOODS,'for qua kty, style and cheapness, cannot be excelled in the city. Selling for Cash only, and bavin- but one price to our Goods, from which wo I scior vary, ue cun always offer bargains worthy attention. Pleuse cull and e.vamiiie our DOMESTICS. Hamilton, Phoenix, Wnlthnm and other styles5-4 St <>-l Sboetiiurs. New-York Mills, Boott, Hamilton, Coddington.Walthnm super, Berk? shire und other Long Cloths, from rid to Is Henvy fiiu and superfine brown Sairtingn,s larre assortment LINENS !?LINENS! A lar^n b>l from auction, the best assortment of Shirting and line Linens ever offered, from Ss I? 10s per yard. Cheap RIBBONS, GLOVES, HOSIERY. & LACK (,'<?)( >l)S_Astonishinr Chcnp. P, GREGORY & SON, SILKS. Black double width high lu.-:ro " striped and figured, Ss6 " plain Italian, .'.s Colored Siik, vard wide, 10s '? English Uro de Naples tt>? " Corde Volonte for Bonnets Blue black Levastin? 7ti Black <b. &6 MOUSSEUNE l>i: LAINE. ?Rich Tans style. aH wool 3s Rich S^tin stripe 4 Rich styles from ls6to 3s FRENCH Ai ENGLISH PRINTS Ru h Freich Print-from l?toS*6 English " " Is to 2s " American stvles to 2*0 Scotch Gingham 6d to Ss6 1 al9 I7S Spring street. to E?di v? snoppirvci nvgrand street rpHK subscriber is daily receiving DRY GOODS from auction, of i I the newest styles and latest importation, which will be offered at reduced prices. Ladies will tiud it lo their advantage to give a call and examine the Goods. II? a,! Kiel, Sidia.-triped Md b.ure do. ' from J-0 to us tide. Silk iW d^m.i-k natteras MUSLIN DE L?INES. Eleg.inl striped and figured Plain de Laines, all color-. SILKS. R-ich Bri- *de from 'i- to ,-*s di striped from '-s to "? do ficnre,!. a large assortment Hso, plain Silks in a great varietj IX IMEST1CS. Itrow ii and bleached Sheeting urn! ? Sbirtir.g Walthora, Pheaix, Hamilton aa?! Long Cloth Shirtings Also, a large assortment of other Goods, loo numerous to mention in an advertisement. N. B. Ladies will call and exam? ine. all c. A. HOMAN, 955 Grand street. CHEAP AUCTION COODH. TOWNSENP .v MAC DOWELL; 165 Spring stroct, arc receiving daily from auction a large and desirable assurtment of RICH GOeiPS?amoiiL- whuh may be fsund? French Calicoes, h imfsome styles. Preach Mourning Muslins, a beautiful article Figured oifi -tripe De Laines, ofevery shade and pattern, flam Mode and blue black Da Laines. Stri|w rep. and blue black S?k-, uncommonly cheap. \>-A rich skk Shawl-. Large KM of Irish Linens. 2 cases Cambric Hdkfs. 2 do plain and figd Parasols. BT* Clolh?. Cnsmimeresi. iVc. at a small advance. a-i3 10c CASH SYSTEM. L e s t i: k , n o l n ii s a c: o. ic: PEARL-STREET, ARE dailj receiving from Auction and elsewhere constant supplies of rieu and fashionable ST APIs R A."N'a? FAIVCli UOOOK, which being bought with CASH,arc oSerod to country and city merchants at uausuallj low price* for CASH. They iavite tho-o who w i-h to get a c-at many <io,?ls for a .-;::all ?um of money, toeximin- their present aaequsdltj Stock. alTtf T HE C~H E A P GRAlVD-ST. BKY <;<H?S> ENTAIiMSll.TlEXT. MH?LSE, 123 GR.YND-STREET, r.-.-jiectfully informs his pai ? ron? and ihe Public, last he i- daily receiving from Auction a ? real variety of.Jfanc? and Stapb- DRY OOODS, of the latest im ?>r Ution, which he is otTeriac i"-r sale very low ?i his Cheap Store, I'JvS Grand street, (betweeu ?roadway snd Crosby streets?Where .the Nimble Sixpence i- made to take the place of the Slow Shilling. a21 __ MII.K LONG 8HAW1.M. BENNETT A RHODES; 405 Broadway, have just received? "carton- colored Long Shawl SCARFS. 3 do blaek do do 1 do emb'd do do Also, Wide Bis. k Sdk for Scarfs all of winch will be sold low. e226V J OHcf * LORD respectfullv informs h's friends and custom ersthat be has aow en hand a beautiful assortnieal ot SPRING Coons -fall deiicriptions. ,. _t.. Just received, 2000 ya ? ? of French printed Lieu-. ?*6 per >ard. Linn, and Line, CniriV.rt Hdkf-. very lov : French Pruiis nmt Print? ed Muslin; BleacV ed and Brown Muslin M all price- A complete sortsaent of Boahel Silks and RlhVoirs. Laces, Ltew i-r- ther with every oib-r arm e B the milluiciy line, chia/ .t lb ' Spring srnv-t, comer of Thomptoa a^iH <? I de-ire yon to uadrmland the true p NTS W-ENGLAND CHTJHCH E S. Tlie churches on New-England eround ! How thickly Ho they stand ! The Pfide of ancient villages? The beacons of the land, j in rlimes remote, on gilded towers They say die sunbeams fall; Bat ehttfcbes of the mountam-laxd Are lovelier than them all. For they are of a snowy white, With blinds of darkest greeu ; And. when they stand 'mid leafy elms.. No better sight is seen. W ith soiro., that ri'e more beautiful Than e'er did <}n-nan domes; Ah! sweet, in .Tune, the churches look, Among New England homes. Those brown church ai-'e.s?those pine church aisies How firmly are they trod 23y the staunch-hearted worshipers Who fear no oil" but God ; And always do the tolling bells Briug there the old and young, Although nor chime nor royal round Those bells have ever rung. But yet or, day- of joy and mirth A glad, quick note they play. And sound they do so mournfully L'pon a funeral day ; On Sabbath moms in summer time Their loud tones rill the air, Aud pleasantly at eventide They ring again (or praver. White churches on New-England hills ! By him who leaves the spot. Where once- lie watched your wheeling vanes; Ye never are forgot." Sometimes be '11 see your tapering spires, As when, through forests dark. He glided o'er the shady stream, Within his little bark. If others want. 'nc?h scalptared roofs, . llieh in irble aisles to see, White churches of the mountain-land ! Ye 're fair enough for me. And there's a bell, far. far away, And rinsing at this hour. W b?se peal I'd sooner hear than chimes From any English tower. For though there lie between us now The blue lake and die brine, Oft have I listened to its tones In that old home of mine : So while on this good sacred day It rinu's its pleasant sound. I weave a sons to churches white I'pou New-England ground. If Clrrcland. Ohio. ' Ne? -Yorker. Prom Blackwood'? Magazine for April THE HOLOCAUST. AN KTISOUK OK TIIK P EMS'SIT. A It \r.Ut. [Concluded.] About two hours after dark. Merino, attended by an aide de-camp, and by an orderly leading bis spare horse, rode round the bivouac, visited the guards thut had been mounted, gave some short orders for precaution to his second in com? mand : and at length, having completed his inspection, left the ground occupied by l/is mops, w ithout, perhaps, n single man being able to say which direction ho had taken. Still accoinnaiiiod bv bis .->j.le..,,?1 ,...j?..iv, l_ ......1. a mountain deble. anil pursued Ins way in silence for liioic 1 than a quarter of nn boar. During this lime be followed a 1 road so fnll of turnings and windings; that it would have been 1 nearly impossible for anyone who was previously unacquaint? ed with il. to have retraced bis steps-even in the day-time. Having arrived at what lie considered a fitting sp<-t. he tum-' ed to his orderly?" Tu aqui," fVop here,) be said, " and in two hours be ready.*' The soldier, accustomed to Merino's habits, dismounted, and occupied himself in unsaddling and feeding bis own horse and the one which be led. Meantime, the Cure pursued bis way, now by the side of precipices, and over smooth rocks and stones, on which it appeared every moment that the horses' feet must slip from under them : now through deep ravines, overhung by old stunted oak-trees, whoso branches, bowed down by heavy musses of dark-green ivy. by mistletoe, and other parasite plants, formed a com? pact arch, ami shut out the smallest glimmering of light from those who passed beneath their shade. At some distance from bis orderly, the cautious priest left bis aide-de-camp in nearlv as unceremonious a manner as he bad done the soldier, and proceeded alone to a spot of smooth turf, sheltered by trees and shrubs, surrounded by steep rocks, and accessible only by one harrow and difficult path, more fitting for the feet of gouts than of horses or men. lie unsaddled bis charger, and, after carefully covering him witii a blanket, fastened on his nose-bag, containing an ample feed of coin, lie then took from his valise a small iron pot, a fragment of bread, and some chocolate. He collected a few sticks, and lit a (ire, and. fetching some water from a neighbouring rivulet, procured himself, in a very few minuti s, a rup of chocolate. Having eaten bis frugal slipper, be took a large draft of cold w ater, and stretching himself tinder a tree, was in an instant asleep. In somewhat less than two limirs. the indefatigable Merino was again in the saddle, and on bis road bark to the bivouac of bis troops: calling, on bis way. for his aide-de-camp and orderly. It was past midnight : and the sky. which the sun? set bad left clear aud slurry, was now overspread with clouds which rendered the darkness complete, especially in the neighborhood of the mountains. The Cura, however, seem? ed nowise embarrassed bv this circumstance ; but guided bis horse through the most intricate and difficult paths with as much facility as if be bad been in broad daylight, on a good read. Having arrived at the bivouac, ami satisfied himself of its well-being, and of the alertness of the sentries, he turned his horse'.-bead south ; and soon finding himself on some tolerably open country, be struck into a caster, which shortly brought him to the vicinity of the Camino Real, or highway from Burgos to Madrid, mi which Aranda del Dae? ro is situated. Hero be baited, and. dismounting^ listened attentively; but for some minutes no sound broke the still? ness of the niirht. 1 le bad laid his hand on bis horse's mane to remount, when the regular monotonous noise produced by the march of a bod) of troops became audible. The Cum sprung into the saddle, and with his two companions retired behind a-,broken hedge, w hich bordered part of the road. The noise increased; and shortly appeared, coming from the direction of Aranda; a score of cavaliers, whose small black shnpskas. and long lances, denoted them to be Poles of the French imperial guard. I hese were followed, at a short in? terval, by nearlv two hundred more, and by a battalion ofin fantry, also Poles : of which nation there were a \a?t number serving with the French armies in Spain. " What are these 7" exclaimed Meriuo, as soon as the first horsemen came in sight: and. when their near approach enabled him to distinguish the character of the troops, his voice trembled with savage exultation, as be turned to bis aide-de-camp with the words?" They are French. He allowed the whole column to pass .him, carefully noting their numbers, and then, setting >pu:s to'hti horse, gallopped off' to the corral. The high-road, which the French troops wire following [B a northerly direction, parsed on the eastern side of the vil i Inge in w'hich we introduced Merino to the rviuler. and j whence the country lane or cross-road by which the Span? iards arrived at their bivouac ground, led westward. The lane debouched on the sort of heath or waste before men I tinned, at the further extremity of which was a pine wood: t whilst the corral mal fields in w hich the Cur.i's band had I -:ationed itself, were more to the south. Il will be under' i sio.nl bv this description of the ground, that Merino in a few : minutes' canter across the country reached his troops , whilst it would take the French nearly an hour to arrive a j the same point by the more circuitous route they were f<d j lowing. Before thev bad entered the village, the Cura hac returned to the corral, and called to a person in the garb o u countryman, who was lying wrapped in a woollen nig a ? rinri? ic-, of the (ioxTsxcii. I wiwh them carried W-VOUK. WEDNESDAY, APRIL Sr.. ] tue entrance of the building. "Julia:].'"?"Sefiord" an? swered the peasant, and sprung to his feet. Merino whis i p'Tcii a few words in his ear. and the man immediate!} j startni ..tf at full speed. V\ hen the French arrived -at the village in whtrh they ex 1 peered to find Merino, their first care was to place sentries I round the houses, which were but few in number, and a j genera! search then ensued for the important prisoner whom J they expected to make. Meanwhile the alcaide, and some j othe:s ol the inhabitants, were brought before the command I mg-officer of the expedition; but to all his questions a* to , when they bad last seen Merino, and whore be was to be ? found, they replied in a manner but little calculated to assist the search. They declared themselves entirely Unacquainted j with the Cura s place* of resort, and that for months he had I not been in their neighborhood. To promises and oxers of i I reward tls?y opposed protestations of ignorance; and to me? naces and blow* a dngjed silence. The Kroncb colonel, j who bad fully expected to catch Merino in bod in the village. 1 and to carry him off in triumph to Aranda. found himself ' perplexed; and turned to consult w?h some of his officers j who ?tood near. Around them wen: grouped soldiers !>ear j ing torches, by the flickering light ef which was dimly dis? tinguished the dark line of cavalry drawn up in the plaza; j while in the midst of a party of infantry stood the alcalde ) and four other peasants, holding their large-brimmed felt j bats in their band?, their slouching attitudes, bare necks, j and sunburnt countenances, contrasting strangely with the j military stiffness; pale fares, and fierce mustaches of their j guards. ??Shoot these men.''said the commanding-officer, address* I ing himself to one of his subalterns. In a few seconds their . hands wert? bound, and the tiring party drawn up. Hut it was not the intention of the French officer to execute bis ! threat: be merely wished to frighten the prisoner", into greater I communicativeness; It may be doubted how far be would j have succeeded ; but a young peasant, who had remained un? observed behind the soldiers, stepped forward. " May it please your Excellency," he said in Spanish. " to cause those men to be unbound, and I w ill be your guide to the Cura Me? rino. 1 know the farm-house a which be was to pass this night, and by the road I can show you. an hour will be sulri cicnt to arrive there."' '? "A no are you, and why did you uot speak before :" asked I. the colonel. " If I did not speak sooner," was the reply, ?' it was that I had no wish to have a knife or a bayonet in my body, or half a dozen bullets iu my bead, the reward w hich I shall in e'.itably receive from some of the Cura's followers, if they j ,',;ir'1 'bat I have betrayed their General. When I found, ! however, that yon seriously intended to shoot my father be ? cause he would not tell you what be did not know, I resolved t to risk my own life to save Ins." The man designated by the peasant as his father, star-r-l nt 1 the speaker, and seemed about to reply; but o-i an almost imperceptible sign made to him by the young man. he n matned silent. This manege did not crape the quick eve of the French chief, j "Hark ye, rny man,''be said, "your longo? runs almost I too glibly, and your volubility is nearly as suspicious a: the ! reserve of yonder churl with whom I observed yon telegraph ing. I shall, however, release these men. because 1 can lind them again should I want them. For yourself, the*,, are my conditions; fifty ounce- of gold in your pocket the moment I I have that lurking fox. Merino, in my power; one ounce of lead j in your skull if you deceive or lead me astray." "I accept the terms, Colonel." boldly replied the person I addressed; "but it is time you were stirring, for tho fighting the l.i.tl now il. ? *""*' ****** *** ""iMti find il,,, nest wnrm Knl The troops were immediately put in motion, the guide he I ing provided with a horse, nnd placed between the colonel j , and another officer. I laving passed through the lane, a com- ! pact column was formed, which moved across the heath at a j ! quick steady pace in the direction of the pine-wood. The j French commander renewed, from time to time, his promises of rewards, nnd thn'ats of a speedy death, according as the one or the oilier might be merited by his guide; who con? tented himself with replying that ho was under no apprehen sion, and that his Kxcrlrneia would be satisfied with the re- : suit of his expedition. Th- night was so dark, that not an ! object could be discerned further off than fifteen or twenty paces. The head of the column had arrived at about the dis- ? ! tance from the first pine-trees, w hen u strong voice challenged t j in French?"Who goes there?"?" Franco." answered the ; Colonel, laying bis band on one of bis holster pistols. " I- ire !'?' ' I commanded the same voice as before. The word was illumi- ' : tinted by the simultaneous flash of live hundred muskets, the 1 echoes of the reports running round the mountains, and at length dying away in the distance. The two front, ranks of ? the French infantry fell almost to a man At the same in- j ' stant the right flank was charged by a squadron of cavalry, I ' and the whole column thrown into inextricable confusion. A j torch, which bad been kept concealed by the Spaniards, was 1 t produced, and :i hundred others immediately lighted at it. By their glare might be seen the whole of Merino's fi ? es. quietly hemming in the devoted little band, which, already broken by i ? the volley and the subsequent charge of the hussars, was m ' no state t? contend w ith the far superior forces brought against it. Those who attempted to resist, and amongst then was j die Colonel, who had been wounded but not killed, by the first discbarge, were instantly despatched; The remainder, J i nearlv seven hundred men, surrendered themselves prisoners; and their arms, and the horses of the cavalry, having been j ; taken from them, thry were marched dow n t . the corral, in- ? j to w hich they were driven pell-mell, like a flock of sheep it to | the slaughter-house, and the entrance of the building was, ; by Merino's order, immediately blocked up with bushes, ; branches, and trunks of trees, which the Spaniards brought j for the purpose. The diabolical intention of this proceeding , soon became apparent. A large stack of fire-wood, w hich ? the peasants bad built up near the shed, bad, by the Cora's i orders, been distributed around it. To this bad been added branches broken off the trees, and straw , of which a consid? erable quantity bad been brought for the horses. Torches ' were then applied in fifty different places, and in an instant the corral was in flames ! Then commenced the most horrible scene which was. per? haps, over witnessed or described. The seven hundred un ; fortunate Poles nnd Frenchmen, who. if they had not expect j cd quarter, bad bv no moans anticipated the frightful nature I of the death reserved for them, uttered frantic yells when ' thev became aware of their dreadful situation?when they ! saw the flames rising, and heard the pine planks, ,.f which the building was composed, crackling and splitting in every [ direction around them. They made desperate efforts to '. break out of their burning priMin; but even when, aided by I the devouring element, they succeeded in making a breach, on every side was a wall of tire, and beyond that the naked sabres and fixed bayonets of the guerillas, by which those I who rushed out. scorched and blackened by the (lames, were thrust back again into the furnace. Fortunate were those am uigst the number, who, by bugging the sharp Steel, pro? cured themselves a speedy and less painful death than that to which they wen- otherwise destined. In a few minutes the roof fell in. nnd the dry;fern and It? ter which was in great abundance on the tloor of the stable, became ignited. The heat was so violent, that the Spaniards were obliged to n-tiro to some distance from the conflagra? tion. The beams and planks of which the shed was built, were forced inwards by the fagots piled against them. The flames spread rapidly, and attained those of the wretched vic? tims who had crowded together in the centre of the corral, to avoid as long a- possible their inevitable doom. To their agonhnng shrieks tor mrn-y. their executioners replied by shouts of?" Death to the Poles J remember OcanaJ " At length Merino, cither moved by pity, or desirous to hasten his departure, lest a larger force of preach might be sent in quest of their comrades, ordered a volley to be tired aimin;<: the survivors. Every shot told on the ma-s of dark forms that were writhing in Ji-r midst of what appeared to be a lake of fire. After one or two piercing cries of agony, and a few- heart-rending groans, a pyramid of brighi slame shot up into the air, and all was over! The day- was breaking when Merino, at the head of his oat?I a?k nothing moTf."-HiMHM. 841. troops, left the theatre w here this bloody tragedy w as enacted. As l:e passed the sgol where the French had received the volley from the wood, iii- horse nearly rri>le on the body of a peasant who had !>een killed by a pistol-shot a bout por tant. The bail had penetrated his brain: ami his dai-k curt i ing hair, and a colored handkerchief which he wore round hi? head, were singed and blackened with the powder. " Poor Julian !" said the Cura. what a pity ' " It was bis best and mo-t intelligent spv. T?e French Colonel hail kept his word. Oiir Trade with thp_ British Colonies. , Rktort of a Commit!?' of the Boston Chamber of Com merer in rrla'icm t* the pr-seni Commercial Arrange? ments nilh Great Britain. At a special meeting of the ' Boston Chamber of : Commerce,' a letter from the Hon. Jour* Kl?gle?. ef the United States .Senate, resnecttng the presem commercial arra.i?emei t with Great Britain, was laid before it. The subject was referred to a com? mittee, and their repoti is as follows: The Committee to whom was referred the operation of the preswt commercial arrangement with Great Britain haw at , tend-',! tti that subject, ami respectfully state their views with rerard to it. They think that it will be found injurious to the interests : of oar country : that its tendency is to foster British naviga j tion at the expense of our own ; and that, in effect, it has ; done this to a deplorable extent. The arrangement allows the imposition, without limitation. of duties on our produce imported into the British Colonies t'rom the Unites! States, and that they mav vary in different ; Colonies: that, when imported into any Colony, such goods i may be naturalized, or considered a* productions of that Colony, ami tmnsport.-d to any other free of duly; that goods I may be transported from one Colony or Province to another. only by British vessels; that American vessels mav bring to the I olonies or Provinces nothing hut the products of the . United States. i To avail herself of the advantages which such an arrangi j ment offered, England immediately imposed heuvv. and. in some instances, prohibitory duties oh our products when im* . ported into the West Indies from the I'niteil States, and ad? mitted the game articles free of duty when imported cireuit ously through the provinces; Such are the benefits to British Navigation from the? ar rangement, that, as your Committee are informed, Americass j have become owners of British vessels to a very considerable ? extent, in order to avail themselves of them, i Before adducing the ?tatbtical facts which your Committee : think abundantly support their assertion, they will state some , of the modes in which the arrangement is now made subser? vient t'i the interest- of British ship-owners. Articles of our produce, to a very large amount, arc dailr ordered to be shipped to the Hritish Provinces; thev are sent in British vessels, nominally landed ami naturalized, and scut directly to the West Indian colonies; the vicinity of a number of ports in the Provinces where this can be effected, (within two days'sail from Boston.') renders this almost.equivalent to a direct voyage from mr ports to the West Indies; and it is one in which American vessels cannot participate. As mav readily be supposed, ovt>ry facility is given in such ports of j naturalization. There is another mode, in which the arrangement favors British shipping, deserving of particular KUjurtionw aM"*V*! ' vessels proceed to our Southern pnrt**- JiXweTI cargo of yel? low pine lumber, return to the Provinces, naturalize the car go, and carry it to England; The duty on this article thus carr ied is so much less than on its direct importation from the Fuited Stales ns entirely to preclude its being carried in : American vessels. This is done to a considerable extent: ami vnur Committee suggest that if such a discrimination of ? duty, on an article notoriously not produced in the British Provinces, be consistent with the existing arrangement, they can see M reason why u similar duly may not be applied to our other staples, so as lo throw the whole carrying trade between the United States and Great Britain into the hands ?f our commercial competitors. Again, with regard to Hour: this article is admitted into the Provinces, from the United States, free of duly. The amount thus imported by sea is immense, but insignificant in comparison with that carried into the Provinces over th? j frontiers. The duty, in England; on flour from the Provinces is live shillings per quarter for the highest rate, and may be as low as sixpence per quarter. On the same article, im? ported directly from the United States, the duty ranges from a -hilling per quarter to twenty-live shillings and eigbtpencc; the rate of duly depends on the price in England, ami is usu- I ally about twenty shillings per quarter, or four time, greater than the duty oh flour from die Provinces. Here is a vast field tor the employment of British vessels, to the exclusion of our own, in the transportation of our ow n products. There i- another mode in which the arrangement favor British ship,-ing, in the creation of what has boon called the triangular voyage. Formerly. British vessels engaged in the Colonial trade went to the Colonies in ballast, or but partially ' laden; thev often remained there a Ions time for the prepa- , ration of their cargo'.-, with which they returned to England. Now. thev rake full freights to the United Slates; thence, full or partial freight.- to the West Indies ; and thence, full freights to Engla-.d. Or, the;, proceed with freights from England to the West Indies; whence, in a few days, they ar? rive at our Southern port-, where they obtain full freights for Europe. British vessels thus employed have a decided ad- i vantage over us, even in the direct freights to and front our own ports. ? ? i The gradual extinction of our direct trade with the british West ladies seems aa inevitable result of the arrangement; the discrimination of duties on articles imported there directly from the United Stal -, and on the same articles when im ported circuitouslv through the Provinces, will eventually tum ; the whole course of trade in that direction. The duty on (lour | from the United States is five shillings; and on beef and pork more than twenty shillings per barrel: on lumber, it is twen tv-cight shillings : and on shingles, more than three dollars per thousand. All these articles from the Provinces are ad- ; mittcd free of duty: of course, most of th"m are imported cireuitou-W. And not only so, but the tir-t freight to the Provinces, from the United States, is in British vessels, in consequence of the facilities enjoyed by them at the ports of naturalization for transportation to the West Indies. In 18:24, 1725, and 1 y Hi. the American tonnage which entered our ports, direct from the British West Indies, was392,700 tons ; in 1837. 183^ ami 1839. it has diminished to l??.oOO tons. If such be the state of our direst trade, we hare not much 1 to console t:s in the comparative-increase of Briti-h tonnage and our own, in the whole course of the Colonial and Pro? vincial trad-. The British tonnagevdeared from eur potts for the Colonies and Provinces it: 182-1. 1825 and 1826 was 51,800 tons;the American tonnage was 477,100 tons. In 1837 1S33 ami 18>:>, the clearance of British tonnage, a above, was 1,225,500 tons, and -f American but 1^126,000 tons ; the increase of Briti-h tonnage i:: wax own ports, during this whole period, being nbiut ten time- greater than that of our own. In addition to our own vicious legislation, our competitor have oth-r advantages over us. The expense of building ves sels in the Provinces is less, by about one-third, than that of buDdine our-: and thev are likewis- manned aad ?Pj'pPf merecheaolv. It is true that, from their manifest they do not command the -am-: rates ot freight j.? "? but'their influence i. P^??^Sg ann i- foreign A- the source whence tie- >^--rir -bas ,.ver been our rfe,te-t?must draw itswholestrengtH.il?"?. . "owed policy to encourage ooi n- ^'uY" ,r"'?"'-f; r^lfSe it not merely to a fair field, but to espec.a . - .. r ? c jj w now denied to us. .Manv ami la>?r. lv.eu a f.tir m-iJ ? DOW , - l. arrangement, given to our mosi SlTpS^'-S ?a^nnexrdtnhb, prepared from a ? i .. ms -how- to what a fcarfid extent iLey bare otr.ciul returns. .? availed themselves of them. OFFICE NO. 30 A N N - S T. VOL. I. SO. 16. Ti ?;'VTT"1 .?n/MA *o?ageeteani from tinmen* Sfe.AM? ^53? . J?.p8o. 6l\m K>-". 953,000 . 65>oo ls-r. 880,500.; oVsOO 1828. 897,409 . 105 600 -829. 944,800 ."o-'^ }g?. O!i-8oo.5?3 . 8;"f "2,500 . 211,300 1832. 974,91)0.?84S0O 1833. 1,142,200 . 377,200 1334.1.134.000 . 458.100 1335. 1,400,500 . ;V23.40O '?'?>36. 1,315.500 . 5381900 1837. 1,266,600. 53(5.400 1838. 1.403.S00 . 486,900 1939.1.477,900 . 491,500 The sudden ami great increase of British tonnage subse? quently to 1830, when the arrangement went into operation, cannot fail to be remarked. In six years, from 1824 to ? 1830. its increase was less than twenty per cent.; in the en? suing ?ix years, from 1830 to 1836, it was six hundred per cent. The whole increase of American tonnage engaged ht foreign trade from 1304 to 133!' has been but fifty-two per cent.; whilst that of British tonnage, in our own ports, ha* been more than four hundred and forty-seven per cent, in the same period. l our committee deemed an estimate of the amount of the . freights ol American vessels in the foreign trade, now so jeoparded, not irrelevant to the purpose for winch they-were appointed: they accordingly submit such a one, from which it appears that the amount of these freights, earned by 677, S0II tons of shipping thus engaged, is more than thirty-eight . millions of dollars annually ; and, moreover, tb it there am 1.4'JS.O0O tons of American shipping engagt .a tho coast? wise trade, whose earnings must very niuct; exceed that ?normt. W.J.LORlW?, WILLIAM WARD. PHILO S. Nil EI,TON. Bostom, February D, 1841. NA THAN RICE. Committee. At a special meeting ot* the ?? Boston Chamber of Commerce," Feb? ruary '.?. 1841, the sbovs report was siibmittod; und thereupon it was ror<ii that it be accepted, nnd forwurded ro the Hon. Johm Rucglks, ?oh a request tlist be would lav it before the Seuute of the United States. A iruc copy from the records. Attest. G. M. THACIIER. _ Secretary B.C.C. Xcto=>Yei-fc acfjislaturc. On Monday, very little discussiou of general interest took place in "ithcr House. Each was intent on business, of which a good deal of secondary or local interest was de? spatched. Among others, Bills with the following title* were read a third time and passed in the Senatet Respecting the powers and duties of the Caaal Board and! the Commissioners of the Canal Fund. lo authorize resident aliens to hold andconvey real estate. To amend the act to reduco the expenses of foreclosing; mortgages in the Court of Chancery. Relative to Courts held by Justices of the Peace Te erect the town of Penn Van. Ayes 17, Noes 4 : Tho following ate amonsr rknia ?U?J -<? '* - ???? Orphan House in the City of New York. J ii relation to the Onoudoga and Montczuma Salt Work*. G. F. Mitchell.?This distinguished forger, it would seiet?, from the following letter which we find in the Commercial *C last evening, is at present in Montreal. He appears to naves completely thrown behind him all regard for public opinion? to have relinquished all claims to respectability, and rushed at once into the excesses anJ companionship of outcasts, front which the strong arm of Law or the stronger power of Dcatbt alone will be likely to rescue him. Once lot self-respect brt cast away, and crime ventured, and bow swift and terrible ist the downward plunge! Montreal, April 21, li?41. Charles F. Mitchell, the person who commute ''o for? geries in your ritv nnd Philadelphia, is now in this city. He arrived on the 0th inst. bearing the uame of Goodwin, and passes his time in gambling and at houses of ill-fame. Hi? was arrested a few days since and taken before the police, but succeeded, by feeing lawyers, in getting clear. His nu'sk, however, was searched, and about $4,000 was found in ii, mostly notes of the Girard Hank. He is spending*it very freely; A stranger called ut my office tins morning with ? 150, which be bad received from Goodwin, who he said had lost it in gambling. It struck me that this Goodwin might be Mitchell, and r -aid so to the stranger, who told mo that ho bad been intro (1 : icd t? Mitchell in New-York about three years ago, and had afterward seen him at Buffalo, aud had no doubt that this Goodwin was the .same man. When be first met him in Montreal he told him that he thought ho had seen him: before,,but Goodwin (or Mitchell) denied all acquaintance; with him. When I mentioned Mitchell's name, my inform? ant distinctly recollected that this was the same person. I" learn, moreover, that be told his lawyer he was a Member of Congress, ami at the police office confessed that bis name was Mitchell. I have spent the whole day in trying to have him arrested, but without success. tjur authorities say?'The United States refuse to give up persons who have committed the most heinous crimes in this country, (alluding to Holmes the murde>?r,) and why should we trouble ourselves about thisi man? lb- is spending bis money very freely, which will dot . us some good.' The money that he obtained by his forgeries might bo re Covered from him by proving the debt. He might be arrest? ed on a civil process, if authority were given some odc hens, to proceed against him. More Forgery.?The Philadelphia Chronicle, states that within the last few days a forgery to the amount of $3,0005 was committed on the Philadelphia Bank of dial city. Ic appears that a well-dressed individual with rather crayrshr bair, Colled at the Bank, and banded to the Cashier a docu? ment purporting to be from the Bank of Mobile, requesting; , j the Cashier to pay to the bearer the balance of the account I between the two Banks. The document having tho name*, of the principal officers of the Bank of Mobile attached to it, I with the seal of the Bank also, not the least suspicion waa excited. The balance, upward of three thousand dollars, wasr paid to tho stranger, who immediately dep irted and bos noc since been heard of. It has since been ascertained that the; I docrhneot was a forgery. There is little doubt that this indi '? vidual it connected with the gang who have so (.ucccssfullyjr carried on their operations at Cincinnati and other places, and have hitherto eluded the vigilance of the police. 7*Ae Panometer.?Pro-'. Hopkins of Williams' College has. invented an iustrument, (ailed the Panometer, which, as it* name imports, may be used for aim >st every description of mathematical or astronomical measurement?for taking the altm.de of the sun, for measuring equatorial angle,, for mea? suring horizontal angles in surveying, for ascertaining the va? riations and dip of the mairn. ti* needle, and tor various otivtr I purposes unnecessary to be enumerated here. It will be ex bibited before the American Academy of Arts and Sciesee* at their next a:.nJal me ting in Bo.-tjn. The instrument. i was constructod by J. H. Phelps of Troy.