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New-York tribune. [volume] (New-York [N.Y.]) 1841-1842, May 07, 1841, Image 1

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fjUj>a published orrry Diorufn?. (Sunday* excepted,)
at No. 30 Aiin-str*et. New-York,
AoJ dowered to Pity Snli-erilif rs for One Cent per copy.
Mail Subscribers. $1 per ioiimhii id advance.
fa'ahs ho;*" of securing a wide and genera] Advertising patronage,
1 ^foon of our friends will I": inserted till further Dotice at the fol
|,??f raduced rates, viz:
^^.pjyj, line-, or Ick? (euer si\). first iiiM-rtion. 30 eta.
Do. foreaeh ?ubseqaonl snsertion. 3.5 "
Do. for Mix insertions, or one n eck.8 f ,50
Do. for Twenty-five insertion*, or one month.8.5 OO
Lonrar Advertisements at equjlly favorable rate-.
For Five line-, half the nUoro rare? ; Two tines, one-fourth of
uW aal?*? payabls m all r:,.?. in advance.
T.J GRE5W0LD St CO. respectfully inform lln-ir friends und the
?j? public thnt they have removed from their old stand, Oli .Maidi?o
|?se, le.33 Liberty, eorncr of Nassau-street, \?li?rc they will keep for
ije, at tile lowest market pricesfor cash, a general assortment of
They now offer for sale the followin? :
4fl bale* No. 5 n> 10 cotton yarn, I 4-4, 5-4 and G-4 Canloavm itting
20 do do 10 to 81 do d? Ingrain e>rpeting,
30 do carpet warp, Venitjaa do
280 do cotton haiL-, I Paper hangings,
109 ilo do wick. I Russia diapers,
15tl do d<> twine, f Woolen yarns,
ljO do Ulk ami ?nito wadding] VVorsteu de
White knitting cotton I Turkey red do
Spool thread: i Bine do A c. eVc. ml 1m
T B5 ?> HI i'SOA-'S K M 8> O It E I >i .
OF CHEAP l>kv i;oi)!>n, NO. 120 GRAND-STREET,
NEAR BROADWAY.?Opened yesterday for the first, with an
wtire tin? and fresh r*r?m-k of Millimaky, Fancy ivb Staple
I o'oons The cram' principle on which this New Establishment i?
loniKlai) m exclusively the Cash System, liuth in baying and selling,
therefore a few rinotations of price, will stillio- il to ?av that the EM?
PORIUM is unrivalled in tin. City.
i_ UiO doxeu White, Unbleached, and Rluek Hosiery, for 1-. a pair
mill upwards, thit day received from auction,
jn lvr*-?i? Cheni Delaines, all wool, damaged and selliag at aston
i.-lnnr ln--e?.
10 cases Paris Lawns, superior, jmt iiii|?irteJ for the Spring Trado.
100 Dresses splendid Challa, modesn style, only *-t per dr,--s.
300 I)re-?e- French Plaid t"in-m Prints, superior lo any yet offered
this season.
1 ease of rich plain Satin Stripes] Moussoline dc Laiae, opened
thi- morning.
Cloth-. Vesting*, Gambreons, &c, together with nil the different
brands of Domestic NosKns, nt Manufacturers prices.
All those who desire Dry Goons at a okf.at reduction from the
uiual jM-ices, :tr? respectfully invited to cull %mi examine for thera
Th* patrons of tins Establishment will hear in mind ?hat its former
leeatimi M- 228 Grand-street, l>at Removed since the first of .May to
ISO Grand, aeai Broadway. m5 tf
ec?) ? KsLIlVCK,
."Xo. 107 Mprins??(reel.
Tyon.D RESPECTFULLY call the attention of LADIES to their
IT stock of Dry Goods, comprising as great a variety of rieb Sdk
Goods aa can he found in Broadway, and at much loner prices. Wfc
will eiideai or to convince all who may favor u* with a call, that the
akovs arc fat t- worthy ?f attention.
Oar assortment consists in pirrt i?f tlm following nrtieles, viz :
Rieh China Sitka
l)iinm-k de., nsw ?tylo
Riuh figured do.
Puna, if ill kinds
Black and blue-black do.
Silk Shan Is
Silk Si art
Bombazines, of ovary description
Pruned Lawns, a superior a] ticle
i Bj?-)i Lineas
Table Damask
French, English and American
Calicoes, Jackoncts, Cambrics,
*c, A c.
N. It.?Jibt received, .a superior article of Gombroon* and Crape
Csjablets. aifi I in
ARE daily receiving from Audio? and ,-l-ewhere constant supplies
of new and fashionable MTAPLE AN? FANCY
GOODS*, which being bought with CASH, are oObred to country
sad city merchunts at unusually low prices for CASH. Tbcy invite
those ariio wish to gel a great many Goods for? snail ssw of money,
Isesamine their present uneqoalUd Stork. alTtf
drv goods! ukv <.4>oj>m ! ?icv (;ooi)n !
JIWT RECEIVED, a large lot of Bombasine*, nil qualities, from
5s.to If.,., of Paturle, Lupin Ai Co's. celebrated mauufuctuTe;
Drapery Mu.Vns, cheap; Cassimeres, Satinets mid Cloths, very low :
3 case-hupu- Pi nn-. Is. per yard. A targe assortment of lim- and
rjperiiue Linen?, at great bargains to customers. Hosiery and <iho es
ekispcrthauever, P. GREGORY i SON, l75Spriug -i.
N. Lt.?(Jne price only. mi 9l"
T I ! E (' HUE \ P
MH?LSE, 122 GRAND-STREET, respectfully informs Ins pat
. rous and the Pnlilic, that be is daily receiving from Auction a
great rarietv of Fancv and Staple DRY GOODS, of the latest impor?
tation, u Lull he is offering for sale very Ion at Bis Cheap Store, i'i'i
Grand streut, (between Broadway and Crosby street.)?Where the
Kladde Sinpeucc i? made to take the phice ?f tiie Slow Shilling.
aSI I in
TV SI. ii PLACE, of327 Grand-street, would respectful >y eall the
"1 attention of the Ladies of New-York le his stock of new und
ftskioaable >PR1NG GOOD-, consisting of Prints, Lawns, De Lamas
>ud ataer articles too uumerous tu mention, all of ? hich he ?ill tell at
Be lowest prices. u.m. 11. PLACE, 327 Grand si
N. If. Red It.n k Buffalo Notes taken at a rnoderate discount sS&lm
RECEIVED This Day, from .auction, .*U pieces of new and very
ruh Silks, just imported for city trade, comprising a very dr-i
rshle assortment.
LaiUe. ?i-hiui- to purekoso >i!l;s, can have by calling 381 Grand st.
s lure t" make theo- selections from, and the prices w ill s iti.l v
Ml who eall of their cfeapne>s, J. W de S. BARKER. a20 tf
NEW SPRING <i???B>!?J.
J0I1S lt. PUDNEY, No. 161 Broadway, coaacr Grand-street, Im?
? jast opened, ami oiler-for sale, the fullo?ui!; dosirable Goods, ut
fair prices i
ltirh Printed MouSSOliM de l.j.-:ic>.
Plain unil Satin Striped do.
Btsckand Blue-black, Plain and Pigneed Salks.
Ircneh, English and American Print*.
Printed Lawns asd Muslins.
5iik Shawls ami Scarfs.
Seotch Ginghams, Linens, Lawns. Long Cloths, l.in?vn Cambric
Haadkershiefi, n?.ier,. Gloves, ,v. ? A ... ,tr. aST lor
A M.S.BROWN, No. 161 Chatham street, have just received
? and are bow of!i ng for sale:
9000 yards Ca i-eting at .2 fi
xm' ?? ....... . 3 5
In? " " .4 0
1500 '? .5 0
?.'.sou ?? ..:.!!*!..I.c o all wool.
Abo,mattings, oilcloths, rags, t .hi- covers, window shades,stair
cirp?niir, ,,?).,_ .,. correrpOMding low prices, found nt this, the
?"?pe?t Carpet Store . the Citv. L. St M. S. BROWN,
__ N"- lt51 Chatham st, N. Y.
,.,,.,?,,. ONE'PRICE STOKE.
|JEKS??rS wtshmg 11? pti ch ueg.I i heap CLOTHING would do
J wen to call ,i i .'. ehatham rt, where thev will fad the follow
ingpncrs.- oats^fro?S3,0*io >>>M Panu from $3 to $5....
Jacke .._c|,.th. 51 jo i? 5. . ^liiii t_ $1 to .?
mvSrtrcnvvn^ ?E eainks.
It >l KM l.l\ I.D. ? ibd sasortaieni of rich nlaul firnred and
?? ulaso, blackyblue black, and colored SILKS : a good assortmootol
plan, and figured Moussolrade Lasnea. Al.?. American, Engluh, and
IrenchPnnt-. regetlier w.th a lull anJ ?M|ec(tt<] awl.,??.,? ,?
roe bitfsitedrsigiis ol .*spriv? and Summer Gooda_extra chean e
?B.Gwnwich^y. HEXin Williams a co. ?221m?
1*4 e la IN es?Jtut received, lot ol" .mall figured craire De
" Laiues, a beautiful article for Children's Dresses. Abosoma
very beautiful Sleuoselin de Laiasa for Ladies' Dreases, ail for ?ab
?hsaii st U, III I.- EV, 129 Grand -t. near Broadway. ' a? I?
niKAN ?oees, CANDELABRA-1, a .-.-A tplendid assort
nip:,< of nen and elegant patierns, iu-t received, and for sal.- b\
, sfsa-rm? Mf Ultl lT -a PACE, too ll?,m, '
"j]ai,|. am? \st? VI, eamps,?Do yos w.?,t H
hint-owe Lamp! Please, call at 100 Cowery, and examine the
b*1 .tment in the citv. MERRtTTS St PAGE. a26:lm'
pKE>TE? I. %U .>?? -U irr.nted fast coli?-, aiul Pal ?
* ?sjactur? at eiehteen peoeo. nt
BIRDSALL a BURROUGHS, 150 Grand st..ear. Centre.
)^?- 1? K ROMBASKINES?Forsale cheap at M. Ill I.-I >
* I leaps;,,:... |g.>t;r:,,;d street, between Broadwav ai.J Crelo
""?'^ ' mXrw "
; ?-noi.ESAi.r. and retail carpetand n.oor.-n.oTn
; ft WAREHOUSE, S?. 7? East Broadway, extending through,
! ?mi frontni" nn .No. M Diri.ion-rir.et between Catharine asd J4V
| ket-itraeia, New-Yerk.
The subscriber bavins tah?n th? wall-knows Warehouse formerly
'. occupied by J. .fc J. H. Sacket t, beg* leave to rail th? atteatian ofkii
: feiend?, and the frirndf and rn-tomcr, r.f tka ahne firm, to a rerv
extensive assortment of ENGLISH, SCOTCH, AND AMERICAN
I CARPETING,?namely: Superior English I5r_*-e|.. three ply.
I mperfine and fin? Ingrain. Abe, Damask, Tu ilsd _nri Figured Hall
? .vid Stair *>*rp*ling, width, and ro|?r- : Nankin *->.ir.n?on Fb~r
i Matting, white and colered; Tuftod, Imperial, !ir_-..-|? ?n<l Wilton
j Hearth P.a?-. Piano, Table ?nd Storni Covers, Stand Matt, Figured
j snd Plain Baizes. Ar. r,.inted Floor-Clnth?: Patent Painted Floor
Oil-Cloth*, from two to twenty-four feet vud.-. without tcnakcaleu
[ lated f..r the Cabin* of Steamboats. Ships, Large Public and Privat*
. Koom? and Hall?.
The above rood- are warranted to h<-. t?nfu in pomt ofr|ualitv anil
rariety of colors am) designs, r-nual if not superior to any m the eity.
They have been ordered for ili? New-York Trade, and cannot but
tail those who are in pursuit of an elegant nrt;r!c?and the adver?
tiser* will sell tbem at the most rcasouable pnr--.
s. b-?Tin- i'r.i? will be k"pt op.n thr..:;_h the evening to uc
tommodat* tho.e who may wi-h to consult their t_-te by gas-light.
Rooms ?01 be measured and the goods cut gratuitously. m'J U
FA ?I S I, V ?? StOCERl E?:S.
Mrt. JACOB B. WARL'IW keeps constantly on band a lar_"
assortment oTGrocerie* at h? -tore, ctraer ?f Watt* und SuBi
vou-street*, which be offers for sab; to bi? customers and the public
generally; with th" confidence iliat they are a* cheap and a. ?eR
selected a- .-mv in the eity. m I tf
ovens a.\d Tfi.\ hark.
crMMnr. ovens, of all the most approved patterns, warranted
** to bake well or tkc money returned. Kitchen Furniture, of all
k;in4,. Crocers fitted out with Oil Can*, Seal**, Weicht*, Measures,
Ice., cheap for cash, st 90j v_s? y, betweeu Green? irh and Washing
Mm-strc..t>. rochford .v W?RLEV.
N. B.?Three fir?t rats journeymen wanted. iut lw"
clo?K? : clocks ::
'*v|IF. undersigned ha* takes the agenei for the cale of JEROME'S
1 BRASS CLOCKS, m theirClock Wnreroem, No. 394 Ri *d
. way, where he will sell then- Patest Eight Bay and Thirty How
: lira-. Clock*, of a variety of patterns, at the /<???? .?t ?ln.b-.ale Factory
; pnr,-.. Mnrchants and dualer* in Clock* would do well t? rail and
j '.vnnine their stock before piircha-ing. Also, un assortment of W*od
Clocks, Ol? Al' FOR Cash. Rreollect th. number. :1UI Broadwav, up
N. B.?Particular attention paid to t'ee Retail tr;..!e. Every dctcrip
tien ofCloeks repaired and warranted, ml tf
SAMtKL \Y. benedict, Waten Maker, Merchant*
Exchange, corner of Wall and William streets, having formed a
connection in business with s. HAMMOND, tle:r personal attention
will be given to rcjiairiiir fin" Watche*. The most complicated pan*
of Duplex uad Chronometer Watches pal in bo.ua] ?? the original.
Mr. Hammond would make bis acknowledgement* to the Trade,
for their kindnem and patronage sines liviiu; in Mew York, and will
aluay- give their work preftrence in making Duplex work, but will
not b^ aide to make any discount from th- retail price.
Duplnx, Independent Second, anil orber Watchas of splendid pat?
tern* ii>rsale, warrantee! perfect or.the money returned. Jewelry
and Silver Ware as OsuaL
premium patent bedsteads.
spectfully informs the Public, ibni he rontinue* to Muiufncture
In? Patent Beibuend*, ho well known for it* durability and conven
eiK-c, m bis old stand, No. 90 Hudson-street, nesr Chamber*. Tbos*
nnncqmunted with the character of his Bedstead are earnestly rnvit-d
in call and examine theprineiplo of the joint and the ease with ?hieb
it can be put np and taken down, not requiring any bed-kev. Ilu i*
always happy to exhibit it. hotl.bose ?4io wish to purehasa and
tlio'c who do Mot. He can refer to hundreds of our nne-l r-??l.celaule
tiii/.eiu u bo have tested it hr use.
Also?Hair Mattrasses, Feather Bed, and Pi Hasee*. N. n. The
Southern trad< supplied ^~ f>?
no IIOl .XF ES furnished
I TNLESS KING'S CHAIRS trace it- parlor-. They are a perfect
?J series of beauty ami conveuienee, laxurj and comfort. They
are liunvv n follows :
I?Elastic Revolving Clinir.
S?CompcuMfiag Roekine Chair.
3? l.Milie, Castor Ricumbent Chair.
4? Versatile Chair.
Tin1 above Chair* are altogether lunerior to any ever made in rhi<
Country or imported. Those desirous of a genuine article, ih.it is so
Constructed ?> u-t to pet out <?f onb-r, arc r> -pc ifullv united to
call at the Patent ("lisir Wareroom, 471 Broadwas*. icii* liu
MER RITTS AND PAGE otTer for sale at their Store.. Von. 100 Bon -
rry and 'SX< liriind streets, nn extensive assortment of the above
good*, which, being entirely of recent purchase* and importation*,
. compiise* the late-t pattern*, and enable* tlu-iu to wll at very low
Brittanaia Ware. Plated Ca.tor.. Table Cutlery, Ac. Ar al3-hn'
JAMES (i. MOFFET, ISI Prince street, near W.ter, would par?
s' tieulorly coll the attention of Hardware Dealer* and Manufacturers
to h? superior article of German Silver, ? hieb be offer* for .-ale w Imle
sab- and retail, of nil thicknesses, and warrant- it equal la any. either
Foreign or Home-tic. fur color and soRttesa. ii" II
spki.x; style of hat!?.
CONAN f, SdO GRAND-STREET, would respectfully m
'form In- friend* that be La- introduced s'ie SPRIXG STYLE
OF HATS, and can furnish In. ?astomera at all time* with an
nek- equal in lightness, tni-li and durability to the tir-t esta
blisbmeuu in tlx- city.
A largo and fashionable assortment of CLOTH CAPS on band.?
And in the leason of them, w dl h. tor sale, a complete assortment of
.Men'- and B?v,' Leghorn and Straw Hat*.
COXANT, Fashionable Hatter, SSO Gnutd-*U
nt-l lw ' near Allen, New-York.
OLD BOSS RICHARDS ba-ju-t op-.I two of the most splendid
l!..ot and Slio.1 Mores in thv City?one at .VKl Greenwich, corner
Spring, and one at i'tl Canal-streer, ? itii all pew "?ud>. be?t qu .lit\
mid cheapest in the United States: nil who want the real genuine ai
t;.- greatest bargain* ever heard of, v\;|| givs the old ch;,i a call
fort!) with. _ _m4 tf
STORE.?WALKER a FREW respectfully inform their
friend- andth* public, that they keep the well known ttand No. 230
Cannl-?treet,.where they li ne on band * large and Splendid assort?
ment of fashionable Boot* und Shoe*. In this assortment will he found
Men's Boots, $1,50. $2, $SfiO, nn.4 ?'l per pair, M-o. Youths* Boots,
>M, $I.M. nud$2^jd per p:.ir. AI*o. Ladle*', Misse* and Children
Buskin*, Tie* and Slipper*, of alt colors and Ihshkm*. and cheapest in
lhaCitv. WALKER .v FREW?Don't mistake the number, 330
Caaid-ittwu_"29 lm
v. Ii ciiii'iiKsi i:i;.
D B A 8? 8: It A N I? T I! f. O B .
No. I I ! FaltonnSrccl,
respectfully announces to the gl atlerm n of N?? -York that be i.
permuoently located s? above, where, be Batten Mawelf that, having
lud?evernlyear*perionalexperience in tin- French Slelropolt*.and
devoting hi* peisonal attention to his wo-k. he will be able to make
rASntoKASLE t lothi no a* cheap for cash invariably, and a*
periecl a, eon be pr.x ured m the Country. Thankful for past favors,
be -olicst. a continuance of patron <*?'. _aSf!3m
THE Sulsscriber having Oj cned the -tor. -JT Boweiy a* ? fotltioa
able Tadoring E*tal?li*hm?nti oiler- t.> ki* Friend* and th* Pub?
lic a very ?uporiorosiortnieiit of Spring Good* of (be latest style.
which h" warrant^ I? Iii to lk-.- taste and OSshion .-.II who will favor
,?;,;? Ith their patronage. ,,::,,rr:,'.T J.' IPfl?"'
'I'be Cuitin; Deportment is superintended by sir. t Barles Boutoo,
formerly ofthe firm of Gray * Bouton. A good assortment of ready
made Clothing alwoj i on band. tc.Y. :t,.i
ri4&ina i- fash tailoring estab
I ISHMENT JSS Broodwnv, American Hotel?It had Ion: been*
subiectofcomplahil with these who were in Ac habit oCpsvini/eendj
monev for their gnrments, thai ihey were faxed for other', dehinjucn
cies-'this led to a- strut ndhereaco to I a^i sole*, through which the
desideratum of giving satisfaction to customers, and offering induce?
ments t- others, conld alone be aecompushed.
The subscriber ts new iu receipt ol a large aa*?rtm*nl of new s.fJ
f.saK>nabl*geodslor spring offered for theia^peeuoo
?the Pubkc under it..- assurance that the style and mmhot gnrm.
will comport with anv other bouse in the trade, whilst the reduced
?nee- c .'-u..! fail to otfer inducemmit* to purchaser*.
' Stranger* in the city re?uring g^enj* wowW d-weH t. call be
. -j ,uL,.r,. WM. r. JENNI?U& AI.
vJcTf 1-fte I > ?.'" A J;t.??^_
\? 1 rfo sm itii,
f tailor, ! 16 Fl I TON-STREET, bos
..le. r. d u.-erti'ieat of Cloihs, Casrmere* a.~
1" t'lJu. t ie -e- sotu which be offer- to make up for the
ertings, .edw the season, which ae oners 10 mono -H - ?
,r r;.? ,a!lv ?, ib.- ,?ry best manner, a: extremely law prices fo.
"ash on detiv sry._- ??
CSTABIsISIiniENT for Garments of tbe first qa
b _'m.de, sl V- ? . ) ^"i?? ""'?''' ^
iofgre.. ?.mien .to ei?mms-?d ^^SSocT
ncv m..y require first rate article,. ^*y^?^
I 1 OED PRIMING 1nk.-F.T ,a!e, a small invoice ol
\* iir.-t .|n:,:ov Gold Printing Ink ..ml Bronze, inij -rfd trvui t-.-c
by tho ktri-uh Queen, k will be told for eo*t Apply to
nST tf J. WINCHESTER, 3fl Aan-*t.
"ineiple.1 of ihr GorcrnmriM. I wiwh them carried
?r*n the Albany Everns; Jonrnal.
R C .\! A R KS OF M R. W A R D
j On ihr Bill to CBConratgc ihr jjrowth nud maun
ractnrc of Milk.
, IN AS3EMBLT... .April 13, 18?.
I Mr.. Chairman : I am aware that there is a dirTeren-e of
j opinion on this as well as on other subjects that come before
, as for our eonsideranoh: and as I mar dirler with some een
, tlemon in regard to the benefits to be derived from the passage
, of this bill, and believing as I do that i: is one of the most im?
portant subjects *>n w hich this Legislature will be called upon
to act?important not only to ourselves bat to our posterity?
I will briefly rive the reason* whv I think this bill should re
, ceive our support, and be spe<vli]v passed into a law.
The importation of silk clnriiig the year ending the 30th of
Sept.-mbcr, 1330, amounted to aearly $23,000,000, as willbe
i ><-en by the following items copi-d from the Report of the
Secretary of the Treasury of tlio United States for that year.I
j Silk from InJin and China, piece coods.$1,738,509
: I)". d-. ilo. sewings. 50,650
i Do. ?.??witirs from other phcr? than China, Sec.. 213.331
I Do. raw silk. 30.C?S
i Do. from other places than India. &c. lace veils,
shawls. &c. 345,490
I Do. other manufactures of silk, from other places
; than India. 18,685,295
Manufacturer] of silk and worsted, $3,319,884,
(allowing one half the value thereof to bo silk) 1,159,942
Compared with other articles imported, that of silk i? one
1 fourth more than the amount of any other. The amount of
manufactures of cotton imported was $14,693,397 : of iron,
; $12,05*1,668 ; of cloths and cassimcrcs, $7,078,906 ; worsted
sniffs, $7,025,598; other manufactures ofwenl, $1.727.101;
] tot.ai woollen goods, 313.8:31. f>09.
The irnportation of >m:ir amounted to $9,92 1,632 ; linen,
$'i.7o 1.273. Se that the irnportation of silk nearly equals
that of woollen and linen together, and is equal to half of all
; other fabrics cemVined.
During the last ten years the amount paid by the United
'. Sinto* for foreign silk has been more than $150,000,000;
and 1 find ?? examination ihm of this large amount tho State
j of New-York has paid at least $25,000,000, ?t the wholosale
cargo price, and the consumer bus had to pur at leu-t double
that amount, making, at the lowest possible ostimate,
$50,000,000 that the people of this State have .aid in ten
years foi the single nrticle of silk ?a sum vastly larger than
has been expended in the construction of all our works of in?
ternal improvements thai run through the length and breadth
: of this great State;?and all this for an article that we ere
more capable ol producing ourselves than nnv other country.
It may now be necessary to enquire whether wc can pro?
duce our own silk, and whether the so;l and climate of this
State is adapted to the cultivation of the mulberry, and the
production of silk of a good quality.
We have every variety A soil, but the soil best adapted to
? the silk culture is a sandy or gravelly soil, and hirti elevation
is fimdi the best. It i. the dry nature of the leaf o.i -uro
lands that make- the silk superior to that on low lam!-..
: Mulberry* thrives much better in this country, has a more luxu?
riant growth, and produces more foliage than in Prance or
' Italy/
Our climate is as varied as our soil; and for the silk cul?
ture the climate wants to be ilrv and not loo warm. The
South of China is too warm for the silk culture, ami the vast
amount of silk raised in that country is mostly produded in
i the northern provinces.
Silk is already raised t? some extent in most of the coun?
ties of this State, and it has been successfully raised for
years bk" numerous individuals in several of the State?, par
lieu larlVC imnecticut.
The silk ot America is found to contain a fibre stronger
and of a quality superior to that of almost any other country.
Speeimens have been examined by the Chamber of ("om
; mcrcc at Lyons; and other intelligent (Trennlinien, both here
and in that country, have examined ami attested tie- truth of
this important fart. The causos of this superiority may be
traced either tu .-oil. or what is more probable, to our fine
and serene climate during summer.
Not long since specimens of American raw silk were
shown to a verv intelligent ribbon weaver from England, ami
he pronounced them altogether superior to any European or
India siik he has ever woven in bis native country. This
spi aks loudly in favor of the quality of American silk, espe?
cially snch as is produced in the Northern latitudes. The
cocoons from which tin- silk was reeled, were made oa the
? cold mountains of Litchfield county, Conn. Silk is also
successfully raised at Penobscot, Main", in -l? ?1 ? -ir- north
latitude. In further proof of the good qualities of the Amc
: rican silk. Mr. Wkitiwarsh, of Northampton, Mass., who in
: 1839 had power looms sufficient t.> turn oil 4,000 yards of
' ribbon daily besides machinery lor Sewing sill, and braids,
savst ? 1 have used the silks of France, Italy, Turkey, China,
and.Cengnl, in the progress of manufacturing, ami giro the
American the preference by twenty-live percent."
It is also an ascertained fact, that from a given quantity
ofcosoont, one-third more silk may be reeled than in France or
Italv ; and the loss {of worms lias not been as much in this
as in those countries.
If any further pro.if be necessary, I wnuM roipie-t gentle?
men to examine those beautiful specimens of American silk
? that grace the table i:i the Executive Chamber in the other
part of the Capital. There are .specimens of sewing silk,
ribbons, dress siik. silk velvet, and vestJhgs of diJtrrrent
patterns?pecimens that *b> honor to this, and would do
honor to any other country.
The question may now be asked?if our soil and climate
are adapted to the culture of silk, and we can raise ami manu?
facture silk of a good ijtiaiitv?can its culture b ? made pro?
fitable '
[n:Connecticut, Massachusetts, and in one or two other
Slates, they have for years profitably cultivated silk. A fam?
ily makes ten. twenty, fifty era hundred pounds in a season,
according to their supply ol leaves, ami their industry.
la a letter received from Gideon B. Smith. Esq., ot' Balti?
more, (dated March 13,1841,) a gentleman of high stand?
ing and integrity, who has been for many years extensively
engaged in the business, and is prokably as well acquainted
with this branch of American industry a- any other in our
country, he says; ?? Of our ability to produce siik profitably
in tili? country, and in ail parts of the United 5tate,, 1 have
tke most conclusive evidence; It can produce specimens of
siik from every Mate in the Union, from Vermont to Louisi?
ana. It is bot two days ago that I received a ?;.imcs ef
sewing silk from Swanten, Vt; This silk, though made on
the common spinning wheel, is superior to most of the Ital?
ian sewing ?ilk in every particular. Mr. Timothy Smith i t
Amtierst. Ma s.. makes siik. and has dose so tor four or live
vears, as a means of livelihood, and is abundantly satisfied
with the profits. I could till a dozen sheets with such cir
cumstasces as the above. Let me conclude tin- branch of
my letter by" saying, that any parr of the continent of Ameri?
ca that ha- three months of warm weather can make silk
The silk culture can ke made profitable, not only because
?ur soil and climate are suitable to its production, bu: be?
cause the labor necessary to produce siik can lie performed
by females arid children, and aged persona wbo?e labor is
now almost entirely unproductive.
A gentlemen of my acquaintance of high standing, re-id
bag at East Hartford, Conn., w rites that in 1339 he raise,!
134 !!-. of cocoons, and 10 Iks. ,,f reeled -ilk. His receipts
for ogzs ami silk, wa* $310. In 1810 the amount of cocoons
raised by him was a trifle over 300 lbs., and the quantity of
reeled si;k 17 lbs. !> o-. The sum paid to produce this was
not far from $-10, the largest part of which w as paid for r teling. i
He concludes by say ing, " mvself, when unengaged in my 1
prof s-ion. (medical) and members of my family, who would
have produced nothing in any other way, performed the rest
el" the labor.*'
M. Borudon reported to the Royal and Central Society of
Agriculture of France, in 1837, that he had visited the plan
out?4 nrnlt nothing raore.''-II.juusok.
j tatjons whtrh cover the country, and more particularly exam
i iticii ihr -beds, cotiar:'"? and building, of every description,
j appropriated to the accommodation of silk worms; and the
? view ot the so immense establishments, which, supported by
I die same product. uriorJ the tr*men and children a certain
refage against poverty aud misery, had forcibly explained to
j iiim ihe reason* why governments have shown such a strong
predilection to cherish the silk culture.
I row come to the last and most important part of this
subject. It our soil and climate are. adapted to the culture,
. and we can profitably rai*o anci manufacture silk, is it neees
, sary to give a bounty to encoura^o its crowth aud manufac
! ture ?
In every country, where silk is now succcssfullv cultivated,
it. culture ha* been promoted by bountr. and by Government
' patron age.
I will first refer to France.
Several monarch*, amor.; whom Charles VIII. and Fran?
cis I. were the most active, had endeavored to establish the
silk culture in that kingdom, hut without success. The honor
of having contributed more te this than any other person, be
I lon;s to Oliver do Serres, in the reign of Henry IV. In the
year 1599, Henry IV. wrote to Do Serres for information re?
lating to the best meniw of introducing the -ilk culture iato
his kingdom, ??that France," said he, "might *ec herself
relieved from the necessity of paying more than four millions
? of golden crowns, ($20,000,000) whiuh arc now annually seat
. out of the country to purchase -ilk. both raw and manufac?
tured." It was in reply to this demand that De Serres wrote
[ his celebrated treatise on the culture ol silk, contained in the
5th bo>k of the 15th chapter of the French Theatre of Agri?
The Kinj expressed Iiis desire to have mulberry trees plant?
ed i- ail his gardens, and in the year 1601 about 20,000 of
the a trees were taken to 1'aris ami planted in the garden of
the Tuilleries.
[n 1604, Henry IV. went to Mantes, accompanied by his
Que 'm, Mary of Media's, and bis prime minister, the great and
good Sully. This city was a great favorite with the King,
. and the main object of his visit on this occasion was to es?
tablish in it. as a mark of particular favor a manufactory of
By his order, large plantations of mulberry trees were
i formed through the ?listm-t of Mantes, and many thousands
of trees were planted iu various provinces, the inhabitants of
which devoted themselves with ardor to rearing the silk
worms, which led to the establishment of many large mauu
tnanufact >ries in the South, ns well as in the central parti of
, the kingdom. He was so intent upon redeemim: France
from the tax imposed by other silk-growing countries, and to
make its culture n source of wealth to bis own subjects, that
he, not only filled the royal garden*, including the Tuilleries,
at Paris, with mulberry trees, but Sullv tells us that lie even
oppropriatctl tin- green-house or ordinary of ibe Tuilleries to
the rearing ?f -ilk worms.
These efforts^were not unsuccessful, neither were they for?
gotten?but on the contrary, they were held in grateful recol?
lection by the inhabitants of that country; in proofoFwhich,
for the purpose of reminding pnstcritv of the services ren?
dered by Henry 1^'. in establishing the -ilk culture, the
Royal and Central Societies of Agriculture and Horticulture,
10 recently as 1836, obtained -. permission of Louis Philippe
to permit them to erect a marble monument near the old or?
angery of the Tuilleries, bearing the fallowing inscription:
?? 1 his is the s>>ot where, in tlu* beginning of the seven?
teenth century, iu the reign of Henry IV. and bv the express
orders of this Prince, twenty thousand white mulberry trees,
collected and planted by Oliver deSerres, afforded the means
of propagating this useful tree, and rearing; silkworms iu the
happy slimatc of Franco."
Since the time of Henry IV. and Do Lcrrcs, government
patronage has been librrull? bestowed, ami the culture und
manufacture of -ilk have been rapidly advancing. Louis the
XIV. not ohIv sfave lartje bounties, hut he also sent agents to
Florence and Genoa to procure looms and machinery as well
a- manufacturers and workmen acquainted with the mysteries
of the art. These workmen and manufacturers diffused tbc
knowledge of manufacturing * i I k in France, and in a few
years, not onlv nil Europe, but also America became tribu?
tary to the superior ?kill of the French.
The number of silk looms now in France is about 84,
640, which produce roods to the amount of $39,400,000 an?
nually; $13,600.000 of which are consumed*in France, and
$35,800,000 worth of raw silk worked up. About *l 3.000.
0011 is paid !V.r labor. At Lyons. 40,000 looms a::,I ilO.OUO
weavers arc employed, w hich produce $18,600,000 worth of
silk. After all this, France is not yet satisfies!: but la-t year
great encouragements wcrc ofTered'by Ministers for the growth
of -ilk. and two premiums ot 500 francs each were offered for
the best growth of silk-worms and mulberry trees, and for
the best method of spinning siik.
Lei us now turn our attention Cora moment to Italy, where,
under the fostering bands of government, it has become the
most productive source of wealth ; aud two-thirds of their ox
port* to all countries consists ot silks.
I have a letter before me from an intelligent and scientific
Italian, who was well acquainted with the silk culture in all
its branches. He says: "In Lunabardy and Piedmont, two
provinces whose territory, joined together, is not us extensive
ns that of the State of New-York?two provinces whoso eli
mate is not us favorable as ours to the culture of silk?two
provinces where, owing to the institutions of the eountry, the
per,on- mostly devoted to this culture, viz. the farmers' wives
and daughters, ?!?> not possess it degree of intelligence equal
r.ir-two provinces where the shackles of despotism cramp
the efforts and the progress of industry?these two provinces
r\i?urt raw silk to the amount of about $36,000,000 annually.
And I have no doubt that in a few year, we could obtain an
ihcrea.f $30,000,000 in this State alone, were the object
i:: view properly pursued and encouraged;
And how is it with Kniland.' Although the climate of |
England n to humid that she cannot successfully cultivate
tin mulberry and produce -ilk. yet she has net been iiil.. If:
she could uot produce the raw material, she c.iuld manufac
ture it; and government has encouraged the branch of in?
dustry l>v legislative enactment.-?by bounty?atid by every
other means that was likely to ensure success. The result
has been, that they now manufacture about $75,000,000 of |
silk annually.
Let us now- turn aur attention for a few moments to our
own country. Before the War of the Revolution, the silk
culture was carritd en to a considerable extent in Virginia,
Georgia. Massachusetts, Connecticut, New-Jersey a:.d Penn?
sylvania. Dr. Franklin with his acute judgement and pro
I hetic spiii'. saw the immense benefits that would result to
c ur '? luntry by the introduction of the siik culture, and in
1770 be established a filature at Philadelphia, and he also
recommended to the proviaeial legislature to grant a bounty
on the cultivation of the mulberry and the rawing of idle.
There i.- but little doubt, if the United States had continued
to remain British a Ionics, we would ut?w produce more-ilk
than cotton. The business had become permanently estab?
lished in several of the States?the provincial governors were
granting bounties, a:.d Parliament granted large premiums on
all .-ilk. the product of the colonies, that was imported into j
Great Britain
The War of the Revolution came on. the British soldiery
overrun our country, and among oth?*r depredations, they de
-troved the mulberry whereevcr i: was found: determited
.1" we gained our liberties, to deprive us of this source of na?
tional wealth and prosperity:? They were successful in de
stroying our property,?We in gaining our liberty.
SootTafter the revolution, the cxlture of cotton
duct d into t't.i- <?-ut.tr. a- an experiment. The expj n .
4U reed d, and the silk culture was almost entuely aoando,,
ed. Fortunaten the suhlet is again attract..!.:: the a.tentt*.
ret the public, a d indiridaals in every State in the Union a
now engaged ?? raising mul errs and the cum re of silk.
r? el..- of our sister States have thought it advuahle to er, ,
,. tirage the silk culture by ****** bounty, and the result ?
has been, that last year more than 15,000 pmind. of reeled
silk of . good .,uality ? as prodded in these States.
In Massachusetts the increased culture ol -nr. is remarka?
ble since the passage of a law -a 1330, giving a bounty to
OFFICE IVO. 30 A N N - S T .
VOL. I. KO. 21.
.?r-.-ourairo iu culture. The bounty claimed ?f tRar State in
1836 was SSo^O; i? 1837, $157,51, and in 1S40 tt amount
r.t to $2.92 I.92. This scaleshows a ???t ^ .vlva:,ev i?
the production, :?aJ. forever r.:t, beyond question the entire
Mirer ? <>t the northern silk tfnlture.
Deeply inir.rrs.-ed with a high and abiding sonso of the
great value to result from it. I now appeal t.. this enlightened
I legislature, by every consideration of psuriotisni and interest
j tor..me to the rescue and protection of this branch oi female
industry?I call upon the rich to r-mo forward and set an
1 example worthy of emulation?1 appeal to those in huroblo
, life as they Isrve their wives and children, to follow the exam
j pic I woxld here invoke?I call upon every man engaged in
I agriculture, to engraft the silk cultnre upon it as a /?ronet, as
; it is .!':?? t- [?;?. interest id' themselves, their families and their
j country that they should do so.
And in closing, permit me to expro*s my hop^s. that a
feeling and an interest have been aroused, which w ill not
! slumber until the triumph be complete. Out I despair of
' witnessing its complete success, until our fair countrywomen
: actually engage in it* production, and your daughters and
j mine, ?ir. *hal! walk abroad in silks, which their own hands
have aide?! to produce : then tho culture of silk, ns n source
of individual, State or National wealth will no longer bo
QTitn ?ntelligcnre.
Reported for thr_New.York Tribune.
CorvT of Common Pt.r is.?Calendar for this day, May 7.?
Nos. 65, 59, 54, 119, 215, :?. II. 19, ??. 6!?. 79. 80, 81, 83, r-?, 92.
10.-. 11.'-, iip. 135,150, 155,159, 167.170, 177,193.193; 23?,
251, 275, o*. 17. 25, 76, 104. 10t>. loJ. 109,132. L36, 138, 154,
165, [68, 178. I'JS, 222. 232, -.'?l. i, ?"7, 75, 113, 172, iss, 206.
242, 281, J09.
Court of Gkxkrai Sessions.?Thursday, Mordeeai M.
Noah, Esq., win, had recently received his appointment as as?
sociate Judge of the Court of Sessions, having taken the oath of
office, appeared and took kis scat on the bench. The Court con
sisted of Judges Lynch, and Noah, and Aldermen "Smith and
The GlcntKorth Cote.?In the case ef the demurrer of the
Counsel of the accused to the seven indictments against James
Glenlworth, for misdemeanor, for frauds at the elections, in No?
vember. 1>js. and April, 1J3'j, in this eity?in bringing or raua
iiiL' persons from miirr States n> be brought hither to vote ille?
gally at those elections?the Recorder delivered at length the
j opinion of the Court, giving judgement in favor of the people,
and against the demurrer, to the iodictmeat at Common Law,
and sustaining that indicunent; ami also givingjudgemcat in fa?
vor of the demurrer to the other six indictments under the sta
tntr. against those indictments which were declined to re had.
Judge Lynch ?!so read a long and able opinion concurring
with that delivered by the Recorder, Je.-! :rin^' the demurrer to
the six indictments ander the statute, lobe well taken, and those
indictments to be bad; and declaring tlir indictment at Common
Law to be good : and thai the demurrer to this indictment was,
not well taken, am! could not be sustained.
The accused was then ordered to answer over, or in other
words, to plead to the indictment
George W. Willis, a boy, was tried for Grand Larceny, steal
? mg a rose-wood writing desk, containing silver spoons, butter
knives, and other articles worth from soo to 8300, from the store
of Edward Soucio, of 36 PlaU street, on the 17th March last.
The desk was taken froiu the 2d story of the store, by lire aa
ensed, who wus seen to go off with it and pursued n> the <l?or
of the store 55 Maiden Lane, where he ran up stairs and hid hiia
selfundera huge heap of moss, but wus ferreted out bv the us
sistance of a large dog, and taken to the Police. The Jesk was
recovered unopened.
The Jory found the prisoner guilty, and he was sent to thfj
State Prison for 0 vears.
Catharine Fisher was tried for an assault and battery on Mag?
dalen Fricwold, of 73 Dnane-street, on the 27tk February last.
Complainant deposed, through an interpreter, that tho accused
came t.i herhouse. pulled hvr luir, Leataud kicked her. Ac.
The Jury found the accused guilty, permitting her to put in
Doctor Israel R indolph, was tried for an assault and battery
on James Cook ,ofl55 Broadway, OH the 2d February last,
striking him with his list in his store, knocking him down on a
eli iir, taking bim by the throat ami beating him with his list on
tiie head nml fare, because he remonstrated with him for looking
at a semi-annual statement of the concerns of the Patent Finn
Arms Company, of which Cook was salesman, ?
The Doctor had been a Director of the Company some lime
previously. but was not at ihal time, but thought be had a rieht to
look at the Statement, as being one of the share holders of the
concern. Cook however opposed this, as the statement was ub
Ciimplete, and had not been submitted to the President and Di
rectors, who were to see it prior to the share holders. This re
fn.nl greatly excited the Doctor, who used opprobrious cpilliet*
which were returned by Cook, whew the Doctor knocked him.
down and throttled und beat kitu when in a chair.
The jury found the accused guilty.
John A.-i'-r was tried for receiving stolen goods, viz i a nnm
ber of pantaloons, shirts, jackets, Stc, worth 856 7.y which bass
been stolen on the 25th March last, from Christian Wauendne
ker, of 21 Mulberry-street, by Henry Green nml other color**-!
men. for which Green was >eat to the State Prison. A part isf
the suspenders and one or two pairs of the pantaloons were i' .mal
on the premises of prisnner, but not concealed?the suspender*
heilig expo.-ei! in the window fur sale, and the pantaloons were,
undergoing alterations to lit those who had bought ihem there
The inspenstcra w ere taken in payment for tiie alteration of tho
The Jury found the accused guilty.
Fatri' * Masierson was tried for an assault nml battery out
John Tracy, a city marshal of 54 Beach-street; on the tOtfa De
ceillber last, when he was laying an execution on n wagon of
prisoner's, taking it for tin: property of Peter Masierson.
The Jury found him guilty.
The Coon tine4 him
Forfeited Recognizances..? Matthew L. Banor indicted for
Furglary in the 1st degree?the same for Grand Lareeny; Dan?
iel A. Atmin for obtaining goods on falsu prrtencrs ; Patrick KeL
ley for receiving stoben goods; Henry P. Chase nnd Elias
lacker for insuring numbers on Lottery Tickets; Sarah Full
m in and Charles Cloyd for petit lareeny, John Degoz, Charles
Kot, .lohn Donalio, Ann Don tho. Margaret Dclanny, Martin*
Daane, and John Gar-ide, ItoU-rt Johnson, Peter Follower,
James Bridges and Hugh Erwin, indicted for assault and bat
terv. severally failing to appear and answer, their recognizances;
were forfeited.
Supreme Court.?Thursday?Before Chief Justice Nelsota
and Justice Corvan.
The feeple ex reL Alexander McLeed vs. tiie Sheriff of Ni?
agara County. ?
~ This ease was brought up on a writ of Habeas Corpus issued!
out of the Supreme Court of tins State, citing the defendant
to show cause why McLeod should not be discharged from cus^
tody, he having been indicted attiie suit of the People for murder,
?nH.I ot'-.-r h gn crimes. Mr. Spencer of Counsel for the sppli
cant, moved the writ, which motion wss opposed by Willis
Hall, Esq., Aaomey.General, in behalf of the people.
Chief Justice Nelson remarked thatia consequence of the ab
.... c 0f II . ? ? ,r J e LtrotMON the case eeold not now be
be ird. It was accordingly postponed to Saturday the 15th iust.
for which lime the case was set down for the bearing of argn
mesiti ihereon. . . . , .
Mr McLeod was in Court, appearing in good nealdi and spur
iu, and a "Teat crowd collected to gaze upon him, as one of tho
Liens of the day. _
POLICE Ot-TirE.?Nothing of any moment was yesterday
done at the Police. _
CORO.VZn'S OFFICE.?The Coroner yesterday he'.d ao iaqnest
a' the house, of John Gi!l*-ri in 3"iih-st. between the 9ih and lOtfc
I venues, ?o tne body of Michael, infant son of John Gillcn.aged.
1!> inontas;
Verdict died of congestion of the brain.
AI MJ on the bo.Iy of an unknown man, who was found, aboot
tar.?'i lock yesterday sTternoon, in the Hudson River, at the
foot of Mortoc-sl ; bavins apparently been a considerable time*.
in the water.
Verdict, !o nu! drowned.
. ! R> nt < 'ose.?In the ease of Francis A. Retz vs. Genrga
Boon, brought to recover six months' rent of the house 208"
I ireen-street, kir.-d of Itetz by Boon for a bakery at $100 pec
annum, but abandoned by the tenant six months since, tic
Juiv decided that the defendant's goods had been removed
to evod ? the payment of the rent, and held thern for the full
a. i Hint? ;2C'0.

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