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BY !I 0 RACE G R E E L E Y. I desire yon to nnder.tand the true priaciplea of the GeTernmoai. 1 v.i,h them carried out?I n--U nothing m*tr."-H.,>. j?. OFFICE .\ U. :> U A \ . S T .
PRICE Oy.T. CENT. NEW-YORK, TUESDAY, JUNE 1. ISll. VOL. I. NO. 45. TUE NEW-Y?nK Tft?UNE Wil: be published every ir.ornine. ...Sundays excepted, l: No. 38 Ana-ntr? et, tow-York, Aoddelit '? tor One Ccntpoi opy. Ms:" S'ii"-r.l. $ I per BHMHn in advance: other* TG IHK ADVERTISING PUBLIC. H ts" eop? of securing wii:e und geocr&i Advcrti-in; patrr>r,n*re tin favors of caurfriead* will!-c .:.-< rted farther notice ?,: iu<- (?l "lo^icg reduced rate.. viz : fOR BACH Afc*.*F.?:T15E>?F>.7 OF Twelve Rae* ?: .. - ru< ??. AO et* Do. for each subse<|ui Bi insertion. '-?5 '* Do. fbr Hix insei e week .?1 .50 Do. /or Terenty-fli ?- - ? < ?,...-.?.. 85 OO Loci" r Advi :?. ? menu at equally favorable rates. Far Five lines, half the above '?.:?-?: Two line?, one-fourth vi ibese rater payable in all aivance. ADDRESS Of Whit; [?Eembers of the Legislature. To the People of the Slate of .V? ) 'erk: Fxclow-Oitizkns :?No one who has observed rh<- ex? tent und resourced of mr Statt?its population of nearly two ami a half ir:i:''o:.-. ?- tiumcrous and progressive works of improvement, its varied man tincturing, agricultural and com* merciaj interests, its jaclic iry, it- complex banking systems, it? colleges, ticadcaiii - ami c >ramon schools, it* institutions of charity and" religion, military organization, its prisons ami police, and :'*? number) ss local and private interest., wants and ^evtaces, can fail of being satisfied that, to le? gislate for such a CoDimanwealth, is a business of no trifling labor, no light responsibility. The number tin! variety of measures which have claimed our attention during the ses? sion now brought to a close, have been increased by the di.. ordered condition of the times, and ?nr sitting has been somewhat protracted" by visitations of death and disease and by the devotion of nearly a week to the mournful duties con? sequent lipo:, our recent and afflicting national bereavement. It can easily be seen haw difficult has Ic on thecourse of leg? islation in the House of Assembly, where the political parties were nearly equally divided, and where the slightest diver? sity of opinion on thecommoncst local interest, would give to the minority the powerembarrass the action and defeat the measures of the accredited majority. Four-years have *ow elnjsscd since the free suffrages of tho ' People of this State gave to the Whig-party the control ofone I or more ef the departments of the government. 'Mm; man- ' nerin which your representatives have exercised their pow- | er- und returned your generous confidence, may be learn? ed from their acts. The history of their legislation i* a Ins tory of abuses reformed and rights restored to you. The compulsion of your suspended banks t<> return to specie payments: the r> iteration of small bills a* a currency 1 for the transaction of daily business; the dissolving of the political connexion between county Judges ami Hoards of j Supervisors in the appointment of county officers; the trans- , fci of the duties <d' Co nmisstoncrs of Deeds t<> office] - elecwd } by tin- People, and a reduction of their fees, and of the ex pease of other official proceeding.: the breaking, up of the life-lease of the State Printer, the reduction of his profits, and :hr limitation of his term to four years; the establishment of u genera] bankim, law. by which the halls of legislation are ' punned of the corrupting inlhii-Nces uttevding the creation of bunk charters J the arrest of cruelty and die introduction <d enlightened discipline hi your State prisons; the allowance of the sacred liglit ?f trial by jury to all persons in this State charged as fugitives from service: the return uf dailv public ) prayers to your legislative hall?, and the distribution of the ample fundsderived from the general government to your | common schools and seminaries of learning?are among the ' ucf< Of our predecessors which have illustrated the ascend- ? amy of Win;; principles. Temporarily honored with your confidence, wo have en? deavored to follow in t'?.e footsteps of those who have done service to the St:it<.\ and received your approbation. In pur suance of the almost unanimous indication of public senti- I meat, the Assembly, at an early period of the session, pre- ' pared a bill restricting the duration of the general elections j in the State to one day, and containing ether provisions to j reduce the .expense and promote the purity of the elective franchise. So manifestly right and necessary was this mea? sure, and so perfect and unobjectionable its detail-, that not an individual of cither party ventured to raise bis voice aguiiist it. and we well hoped that it was about to become a law. Such, however, was. :ivl lb: purpose of our federal opponents. Prolonging its discussion by various contrivances to the ..-lose j ef the session, when they obtained a temporary ascendancy in the Assembly, through the lamented death of one of its j Whig members, and the absence from severe ilincs- of si - veraj ethers, they attached to the hill a clause repealing the ;' Registry Law in the city of New York, and sent it t.. the Senate in that shape. A majsrity of the Senate spurned the j proposition to purchase one benign law by the sacrifice ol another. They adopted the original general lull, as prepared ; by us, und rejected:;!.' amendment repealing the registry.] In this form the bill was returned to the Assembly, where the same accidental majority, fearing the wholesome and pu? rifying influences of n one day's election, insisted on their amendment, and thus - cure i the final defeat of this great j und must necessary reform. The security of your rights re- j quires the protection .. ?*.*..-: frauds which u registry law in ! the city of New York bas ie :i found to afford. We should be insensible to the value if those rights, fellow citi/.ens, if 1 we did not protest against high-handed attempt to force on us the repeal of an hc; which has secured peaceful elec- ' tioaa to that gr-n: city, an ! removed ill complaints of corrup? tion and fraud. And yet, clearly right in all its provi? sions, general in it* object: and calculated to confer the mo?i signal benCfits n <? ? ry portion of the State has been purposely defeated, iecn ? i we, as your representatives, re? fused to repeal au ai i ? solely to the city of New York ; and that act one which a hu ge portion uf her citizens deem vitally-important, and the operation of which has been ad? mitted bv uli parties to be both equal and salutary. Wo couid net couseilt to do on >. wrong lest our opponents should do a greater. The linen ibtween their position and our ewn is manifest and broad. They refused to pass a law which they dared no; but unite with us in pronouncing to be right and Beccssary. W ? ?.?.??.used to repeal one which they did not show to ii- :??:>?? either w rong or unnecessary. They refused to do right,*-we to do- wrong. Welcavoit to you. (euW-citizcns. to judge between us; we leave it to you to suy whether even intere : f the country shall be sacrificed at the requircn * t of those who temporarily represent the city of New York. Fot imotheryear?we trust isnly one? the labor, expense, excitements and frauds of a three days ejection are upon you. We submit, with confident expectation of vom approval, an net perfecting our s\ jtcm of common schools. 1 his great measure, which has always been a icuhng one with tke Whig party, was left unfinUhed by the hist Legislature. It is a suKject of irratificatibii :.*> es that it has l.een accomplished at the present session, and in ? form which tli<ai*m? all <>p pomtien. We are confident that it will receive a favorable reception among all classes of our fellow citizens. The va? lue of a saperintendence by deputies residing in the t*.unities and chosen by-the - .. visors, may bo regarded as having been demotlslrated t<\ :he hcnei'it- derived from the voluntary operations of costnty visitors during the past ycac- The im? provement i< one whi h eminent and good men have long had at heart, and wh:.*i: harmonizes equally with the pro? gressive condition ?it* our State and the enlightened spirit ot the age. The common schools of New York form the no? blest element <d' her greatness, livery well directed effort to raise then character, to correct tV.eir defects, to qualify their teachers, or to increase the numbers and facilitate the progress of ihc children taught in them, must be regarded as a public bcnclisction. No w ise legislature can be ^differ? ent to the ca ise of Education. The preservation of public uberiv depends as much upon tho general diffusion of kn?<w Wey! as upon the free and equal exercise of the electivt francltise. nxd indeed the one i? the only effectual guarant*] i: the other. Tito mass -'? minds c-nr.o: b<? reacehd except thro.:i'h the common door of the ?cht?,; house. J., tlw dis? trict scho?!? of oor state, when- the people in thc-ir primary capacity, control the mean- and direct the mode of instruc? tion, where d"i<::nct;r?r>> of a ioca!, - ? tarion oi political char a'-tr,- are lost in the common mingling of the ehiidren of a i single neighborhood, there alone the plastic hand of the t school r.Ti-ter operate- with eimal and ??!:? -;??:,: power, and j there alone hi; influence is resisdes3 ar.d his impressions in i erfaceabio. Happily for you. fellow citizen*. the wise provisions "f : your or..-]y legislators. a? well a- th<- more recent and judici I ous appropriation pf the surplus revenues >>f the national government have provides! urn,-'!'.- means for extending the I ol education to the whole .T-it.i; ^cneratinn. None so poor among our vast population, a- to bo excluded from a 1 j seat in the school bouse. The constant struggle of the pa? triot nnd philanthropist is, t? cause its privileges to be as i useful a* they are common, as highly improved a? they are i freely offered. ; 1'" ?'e have contributed, through the bill referred to, to i : the advancement of these beneficent and truly republican ub- 1 |C we shall rejoice with you in seeing our common schools ' become nurseries of freemen, -nd more than ever die orna- j v.ent and protection of the State. The late ren?'is shows us ' ' tlic alarming fact that there are in the State, forty-three ; ? thousand eight hundred and seventy-one white adult persons who can neither read nor write: and the attention of the Legislature has been enpa?od by die fact that in some ? fthe dries, the systems now existing f?ll to bring w ithin the n:r tire of the schools a lar;o proportion <-f the children for whom tiiey were established. Education is the boo. and j birth-right of every child in the State, and none can right- ' fiilly or wisely be deprived of it. We cherish the hope that tin enlightened public opinion will sbon appreciate the ncces sity and harmonize concerning the plan, for removing all the ; obstacles which now limit the iisefulaess of our system, iti ' any pai t of the Stale. \n appropriation of three millions of dollars has been i mode for carrying oo existing contracts on the several canals now i:t progress. Von noed not be told, fellow-citizens, who arc the authors of these works; nor will you be surprised that their paternity has been denied und their progress at? tempted to be arrested. The repeated effort- at deception and alarm on 111i-= subject, made by our political opponents, will justify a brief recurrence to facts. The Y\ big Administration lias never authorized the con- j struction, by the Stair-, of any work of internal improvement, canal or railroad. The Erie Csnai enlargement, and Black River and Genesee Valley Canals were a lopted in 1835 and I83C, by the party which then had an overwhelming majoi itv : in both branches of the Legislature, and full control ..f all die departments of the government. The Canal Commis- j sioncrs were of their appointment; tie- surveys and exami? nations were made by engineers of their selection, and on ' their estimates, deliberately made, and fully endorsed, by the then Administration, were [tlies,- nll works entered upon by tii" Legislature. The Whig party, on coming into \ power, found these works in progress, with these intimates alone before them. Nay, more, they found ennttact- actu- ' ally tnado, by the former Canal Commissioners, to the extent j of over tcx millions of dollars, and the faith and credit of the State legally bound for their fulfilment. Upon the Erie Canal enlargement no contract for new work ha* been made. : by the present Canal Commissioners, except in cases abso? lutely requiring it, tn render completed portions of the work ( available, or to preserve the whole in repair. On the Gene sce Valley .Canal alone, have contracts been entered into for j ?thi'i purposes; but h"re, by n chnetrr- in the plan of the work ana an obeiirdoirment of the n.->.e costlv plan oi the I formet Commissioner, a reduction in expense has been sc- ' cored, of more thun half a million of dollars. These are the sources of our present State indebtedness, and su,-h the cir? cumstances unaei which the Whigs arc charged with crca- j ring a forty million debt," when their solo action lias con- ! sisted in preserving the honor of the Stat.;. by carrying into . effect contracts made by iheii predecessors. Had not tin' estimates, on which those great wuiks were undertaken, j been deceptive and untrue; hud it been ;.. ible I- tinish the Erie Canal enlargement for twelve millions of dollars, and ? to ee-struct the other two canals for an aggregate not ex? ceeding three millions, as the people wen- assured when the works were commenced, the present appropriation would have finished their construction, and it might have been our j grateful duty to extend the public munificence to other ami j long neglected portions of the State. But the federal <--ti- j mates have swelled, on n practical trial, from fifteen to over thirty millions of dollars. No wonder that li party, exposed ! in such gros- 1.1,inders or frauds, should wish to escape from I the responsibility of their own acts. Such has been their | continued effort ever since they were deprived of the reins j of power, by an indignant people. Not the least remarkable of these efforts is the report of j the minority of the Committee of Wnys an.l Mem -. in the 1 present Ilou*e of Assembly. Tin' author, n representative from the county of Herkimcr, having, as a formt r Canal . Ceu'.?us?;.-r. ai.ied in running the State upon Scylla, seems 1 now to have determined boldly te-whelm her in Charybdis. 'l b-- report proposes to arrest thfl work on all the canals; to pay off existing liabilities and settle damages on suspended contracts) to withhold all further issues of stock to the New York and Erie RaHr.?ad Company, and to impose a direct tax on the State, of half a million of dollars per annum. , The report pr.nts a gloomy and distorted picture ?l the financial condition of the State, and com lud - with a fanciful ? catalogue of works, projects and " jobs." out of which it is . I represented that the Whigs design to create a deb: of seventy- j I five millions of dollars,?being an addi:i"t:, supplied by the , inventive genius of the author, of over thirty millions, to the : original " forty million" paric-capital of his party. J h:s :s a bri 'f inventory of the political stock in trade of 1.. co-Foco^ ism in 1841. Such is tko effort of those who planned and j authorized the public works to embarrass those who have ( been charged bv the people with the duty of executing them. Let us see if our opponents have tai.-ei! smoke enough to ! cover their retreat. The act for doubling the locks on the Erie canal, was : passed iti 18?-I; that for the enlargement, in Iil3?. Theonu was but an entering wedge for the oth t. and both were em j pbatically die measures of the administration. Announced I by the Governor in his annual message, the plan was recom? mended in the report of the Comptroller, glovvihgly set forth by the t 'anal Commissioners, backed up by their obedient '? engineers, and finally adopt- 1 by a confidential committee ot i the Assembly, and passed by a partisan Legislature. No i pressing appeals from the people could bo plead as an excuse for embarking in the bold undertaking. At a [-et iod when, by their own showing, the general fund was exhausted, when the original canal debt was unextinguished, when other por? tions of the Stare were strongly pressing claims tor aid? above all, when for eight successive years, the financial offi? cers of the State has! urged the imposition of a direct tnx as . the only means of defraying the current expenses oftheGov ?.Turnout?the fiat of the administration went forth ami the enlargement was undertaken. Adopting the sentiments atid enlarging on the ?ug-esiions made by the Governor in two c s-ccessive messages, the Canal: Commissioners in a special ; report, volunteered to the Legislature on the Hist oi January, I 1835, thus invoked ?'the spirit of an enlightened and liberal j policy." ?? if i* the spirit of an enfighted and liberal policy, ade? quate capacity sbill he afforded to the canal, our western brethren will bo accommodated, and their comforts increased; the revenues of the State will be augmented; a rich and in creasing commerce will excite and.reward;the industry, en? terprise and sktll of our citizens, in agriculture, arts and commerce; and the State, by affording the utmost facility to that busy intereourso of trade, which improves the moral and social re', lions of civilized life, will at once confer on it; own citizens ? most la'ting benefits, and on. all others, ir ? tho only measure in which a bountiful Providence permits ? States to do them good?the great is; benefits a;,d blessings ? Called by position'to perforsn this high a.:..! sacred duty. th< ' , State will perform it in the spirit of wisdom The Com I miss oners, therefore, respectfully submit 10 the legislature that prnvijiun be no-- made, by law, for nil improvemt tits In ! the canal, which the Legislature ?hall Seem necessary. Th-- ' extent ot these once settled, every -rep in the prog-re*- will be uniform, consistent, and lead t.> tie desired result. The ; limits of the canal once prescribed beyond the reach of probable change, our own citizens will be tlie better enabled to make their continuous and substantial improvements, and direct their cnorg.es to the increase their wealth and hap? piness. The citizens of other States, in these improvctn ts once anthorized, ?ill Sod a prelect guaranty, font the prod acts ot their industry, through tnis canal, will always find a tree and easy transit to and ftom the Atlantic and:the Lakes? and ti-ade and transportation will be invited to it. by the : strorg inducement ??f interest," Thi* report was signed by the Hon. Michajet. Hoffma.v, and the Hon William C. "Bocck. Ot" the truth of these -lining aiid magnificent pictures of the coming wealth and greatness of our Mate, it is not our purpose to speak. Thev j had their infiuence in tie- proper quarter. The project was summarily adopted, without any of the details w hich ordina? rily accompany such a mea-nr-. The Legislature took no i responsibility. It authorized the Canal Hoard to enlarge ? the Erie Canal, to such extent and in -uch manner, as in their discretion they might deem the interests of the State to require. .V.? limit was imposed as to time, mode, width, depth or cost The Canal Beard was to examine, .estimate and decide; The Board fixed the enlargement at terentu j feet by seven, and under assurances that it would cost only twelve millions of dollars, the deal was commenced which is now ascertained to amount to at least twenty-five millions ofdoj- ' [ars.and which is charged by them on the Whig party. The next legislative session, very naturally, brought the acts for con? strued] ? the Black River and Genesec Valley Canals and loaning three millions of dollars to the New-York and Eric Itailrond Company. We have not drawn your attention, fellow citizens, to the history ? these public works with any design to prejudice your mind- against their present claims on the Stale, or their ultimate utility, as parts of our common system of internal improvement. But we wished to unveil to you the origin of j our present State liabilities, and to -how to you who are -?nd who arc not the real authors of whatever of State debt i-xi-r-. We wished to show to you tii.it the individual who now leads his party in a panic effort to impair the credit of the State and arrest her public work-, is the same one who; as Canal Commissioner, furnished the evidence on which these works were undertaken, and advises! their immediate completion. We know, indeed, tha: tho pretext has been s, t up, that no expenditure was originally contemplated bcyocid the net an nual revenues of tin- canals Can this be true. How mam years would have been consumed in the completion of these works ? Suppose an attempt had been made to prosecute even the Erie Canal enlargement by such means? Deduct? ing the annual appropriations made in 1835 for the aid of j the General Fund, the net yearly revenues <>f die canals would no: exceed six bandied thousand dollars. At this' rate of expenditure, forty years would lie consumed in paving jut twenty-four millions of dollars, which is th ? estimated cost of the work. But much of the most p. nCnt work r>n the present . anal has failed in the course uf ten years. Before forty year- would pass, and the enlargement become available on the plan proposed, a great portion of its unused . work would fall into decay. The business of re-construction must then t>e commenced, on a scale as expensive as the : original; and thus a never-ending job would be on hand, ?>:;.? portion falling hito ruin while another portion was being re? stored. The tabled story of Sisyphus, who was doomed by the gods to roll to the top of n mountain a huge -tone, which, is soon im it n nchod to th.- top fell bnclc toi th.- pl-in, ?!...., j leaving his work sternal, is but nn exemplification of such a plan of enlargement. It is impossible to reconcile sie h .1 -cheme with the sagacity and experience of the public officers who then composed the Canal Board, or with the- reports on j which the Legislature was induced to puss the art of enlarge- ', nii-ur. The firm htli prudent policy of the Whig Admini-trntion a carrying forward the works to a completion, for tin- use of the present generation, :::?<! in such manner as to render them productive at an early day. and prevent the possibility of ulti? mate taxation, has received not only our support, hut that of a respectable portion of the minority; and we can now con? gratulate you upon its triumphant success. The reports of :ho Standing Committees on Finance, in the Senate and Assembly, exhibit a full and faithful detail of the resources and condition of the State, and abtind?ndy evince the wi> dorn of that policy. We declare to you, in all sincerity, onrl .?mire confidence in du se reports and in the sound and stable condition of our affair-. Whether the efforts <>f political panic-makers will continue, remains to be seen. During two successive campaigns the stalking horse of j debt and taxation has been ridden over the State, ami we now see him -addled and bridled by his legislative grooms, ready for a third course. We wish to notify you of hu coming, and to assure you that, in his present broken and spavined condition, he will scarcely be able to bear the additional load hi* new und less skilful managers have put upon him. We need not expatiate upon the difficulties and embar? rassment which have prevailed in the financial world tor tie' l ist tew year-. You know, because you have felt them. ! The blow wbu h was first aimed by Loco-Focoiem at the commercial and trading community, next tell upon the bank? ing institutions and the currency of the country. Through ?.hoi!:, it reached tin- far-spread and more secure mechanical and agricultural int< rests, und lastly, grown hold with suc? cess, it was directed from the high places of the Government, upon the credit and faith of the States. Representations, calumnious and untrue, were eagerly circulated, not only at homo, but in foreign countries : and capitalists, who had hitherto sought State Stocks with avidity, as the safest pos? sible investment, were led to doubt th-ir value or induced t-> speculate Upon the fears of others. These incendiary efforts were but too successful. Statos which had embarked boldly and extensively in works of improvement, were deprived of the credit by which they had acquired means, before they had sufficiently completed their sy-tems to derive a revenue adequate to pay their interest. An arrest of their works, a discharge of their laborers, nnd general embarrassment and ruin followed. That such has not been the result in thi State, mast, in uur candid judgement, he imput-d chiefly to die prudent counsels and energetic measures ot those who have had the public works anil public stocks under their ; COnKol. Had the panic efforts of certain leading men of the Opposition succeeded, had the example of the General Gov eminent, in arresting public wurks and selling oil" their ma? terials a: mie-teiith of the cost, even within our own State, spread that alarm which seemed to have been intended, the prostration of our credit and the total -uspeasi-m of our works would have swelled the triumphs and added to :::?? tronhies of Loco-Focoism. But in New-York^ the ' irre? deemable principle' ha? never prevailed under H big rnan 1 agement. By tee favorable influence of the closing action of ' the first Whig Assembly in 1838. the Banks of this State, which under Loco-Foco manageme-.: su.-penJed specie pay [ mems in 1837. resumed, and thus far. have continued firm. While two-tbirds of all th- States in the Union, controlled by . our opponent-, hv-e suffered their Banks to remain suspended for the greater part of four years, this Slate and the New ' England States have sustained the shock. Their example has never famished an argument tu impair their own credit, ' or to prove the necessity of a Government Sub-Tiea.-ury with i a specie clau-e. Still, the prostrate credit of a hrgt num! -r of the States, and the general embarrassments of the time-, '. ?ave not failed of their natural effect upou the Stocks of out ' or.n State. Hence the enemies of Internal Improvement have rai-i-d the alarm-cry that our deb: is excessive and out ' credit failing in the market. Yet. d?>spite their ..ffor:-. we believe the credit of the State never stood higher: compan d ' with that of siOTOTading States, or of the several cities of thr I Union, or of private capitalists, it never stood relatively better The resources of the State were never more abundant; it 1 revenues are swelling beyond any former year, and iu popu I lation is more num-ruas, industrious and economical that everbef re. I: needs but the action of the Congress nov ? J about to assemble, in correcting the evils w hich lUe .tweln 1 year- of bad government have prodaccd, and in restoring :hi good measures they have destroyed, ami both public and pris vate credit will rcsuaie their wonted buoyancy. Beli< ring that the patriotic Whigs of this State, wh<. -ii nobly snuggled '?> effect a change in the National Adn ii - i-:rntin. ::av.- .io-it-r-.od to carry out n permanent chat;;:'- in tiie measures of the government, wo cannot suppose taatyou will be indifferent to the weight which our opinions may have upon y< or representatives iu Congress. The attention of that body v. il] .1. ibtiess be directed to a rein a! of the Sub-Trea sury : to the ? stabh'shment of suchu fiscal agency as is neces? sary foi conducting the affairs of the government and resror- , trie and rmuntafning :: sound currency for the people; to the ; prevention ot' a national di-ht. by an increase of duties, chiefly ; upon -:!ks, wines and other luxuries : and to the distribution, . among the Stat''-. of the surplus pn ????vi? of the public lands 1 hesc important measures of national legislation have rc-! reived out cordial and united support: ami we cannot doubt din: a Whig majority will bo found, iu is th branches of Con- j gress, i repan ! to obey the wishes of the people in passing ? such law * as c iy be necessary to carry them all into complete eitect. But should any of them be lost, by the vote of that . rccreani son i:' New-York, vvho now occupies the Thermo? pylae of her legislation at Washington, we leave it to you, fellow-citizens, :.? determine what measures shall be adopted, to protect your violated rights and secure your neglected iti- ' terest*. We feel no little gratification in directing your attention to the act fur the promotionof-agriculuire. You will recognize in it, a revival of the policy which marked the brightest pe? riod in the career of De Witt Clinton. \s the first success- ' ful effort which has for many years bee,; made m your Legis- ; lattire. in aiil of the most important branch of a nation's indus? try, we claim for it the merit at least of good intention. Doubtless many practica! men among yen will he able to suggest improvements in the manner of bestowing the favor oftlie State; but. as (in incipient measure el*encouragement, : it is hoped that it may be favorably received. If it shall OVyaki n in r": who till die soil, a more just sense of the dimity and u-?-;':i:iess oftheu- cii'linr. and -hall create anenrn est desire to cooperatewith thf* State in rend- ring labor more i efficient, the soil m nc productive, and the tiuits of industry more valuable, very great good will be done. The occupa? tion of the farmer :-. in some respects, the source of life and [ prosperity to all other occupations. So much more impor tant then, does it become, that every blow of his arm should be directed by skill, and every acm of, Us^graandbe managed to advantage. Of a kindred character is the act conferring a bounty for the manufacture of silk and the raising of cocoons, llxpc rinncc has fully settled th- principle, that in this climate, and by our own people, more siik may be manufactured annually, without detriment to any trade or occupation, than i? impor; ed into and consumed in tfie State. The fact that this brauch ' ot business has not hitherto been prosecuted bv our people, is no proof of its want of practicability. Nor is its entire ' practicability arty evidence that the public bounty is not no cessary to its successful introduction into the country. Many branches' of mnr-tfactures, in this and other'countries, have! been enables] to defy the competition of tin- world simply be- j cause they were nourished und protected in their infancy bv ' the favor of tie- government. The limitation of the continu- j ance of this act to live years, will enable the manufacture to : stand thereafter, without aid We deem it much wiser t o en? courage those of our fellow citizens who produce silk, than to impoverish the country by a purchase of the foreign arti? cle. \\e trist also that Congress may now s.-e tin; neccssi ly of imposing a duty upon this fabric. The payment of twenty millions of aVllara annually' ?.y the people of the Um- | ?.-.1 States, for the product of foreign skill and labor in the shape of silks, is a stigma on our character and n blight on our prosperity. By tin art. which you will find among the laws we have passed, the State of New-York stands before the world, total? ly absolved from all participation in the physical bondage the African race. 'I he correspondence which hi- taken place, between Gov- j ernor Sewnrd and the several Executive officers of Virginia, in relation to the surrender of three citizens of this Stale, charged as fugitives from justice, cannot have escaped your notice. We hu-.dly ktiuw which most challenges your tip- ' probation, the enduring principles of human liberty on which the Executive of this Statu has placed himself, or tin' digni? fied ami masterly manner in which he has defended his posi- | lions. We are satisfied that the common sentiment of the People of this State must ere long re-pond with unanimous app: ibati in of a course so enlightened and s.-, just. 1 hat a . fierce partiznn effort has been made to cast odinm upon his ci nduct, mn<: viewed as the natural but temporary conse- 1 quem o of political disappointment. The fact that hi< acts | have been approved while his reasons have been condemned, is substantial evidence of the total groundlessness of their I opposition, and proves that, in this, as jo every important a eas ire of i.:- administration, his opponent- have not ven- J tu red to tal.e a direct issue upon the practical wisdom or ; sound democracy of his cause. The failure of the bill for the construction by the Stan- of a line of railroad through the northern counties hns, as will be 1 seen by our votes, been a subject of disappointment as it i- *( unfeigned regret to most of us. To the embarrassed condi- , lion of the times ..ml the effort.- of our opponents to destroy public confidence anil prevent alike the issuing ami the sale of State stocks, must be imputed the postponement of a work ofgreat public merit which has twice secured the sanction of one branch of the Legislature, and justly deserves as it has received the recommendation of and untiring sup? port of tii..- Chief Magistrate ?f tin; State. The pre.ailing disposition on the par: of even the warmest friends ofinter i ual improvement to pursue daring the present year a prudi nt j and cautious policy, has operated both to cut down appropri? ation- for existing works and to defer the adoption ol new ut.e-. Believing, however, that the just distribution ot the ; favors of legislation, the protection of the frontiers, and the ! improvement of a large portion of the State shut out from a i participation in the benefits of existing works, demand iti ! construction, we confidently anticipate that the northern rail ; rend w ill he the first work hereafter to receive the adoption ; of the Legislature. V/e have deemed it our duty to stand firmly by the Admin , istration in carrying out the existing laws in aid of the con ' struction of the New-York und Erie Railroad, and we con? gratulate the people of the southern tier of counties upon : the rapid prosecution of the work, and the prospect of a ' speedy enjoymenrof the benefits ofthat great improvement. A full examination by one of the standing committees of the : Assembly, composed of individuals of b??ih political parties, ] as to the conduct anal condition of the company now acting as ? the agent for constructing this great work in portbythe finds S)f the State, has resulted in the discovery of no substantial \ ground of complaint. Notwithstanding this result, our oppo ! nents have seen lit to constitute another committee to pursue the investigation during the recess of the Legislature. He j trust that the conduct of the committee may be ?uch as to ; satisfy all who yet entertain doubts as to the course of the company, ;.ud that its report may tend to expedite rather than to embarrass the progress of the enterprise. Yi u will have observed that the British Government has seen tit. without making anytcriderof satisfaction er expla? nation concerning tier outrage committed in the burning of tVe steamboat Caioline. to demand of the Government of the L'ruled Stales the surrender i f Alexander McLeod, a British subject, who has been indicted for a murder alleged to nave >e-a commit".'d in that transaction. A desire was very pro ?. perly manifested by some of the minority ia the Assembly, to hear what was the decision of the Government of the United ? State? upon this proposition. A resolution ".vas accordingly : introduced by one of their number, calling on the Governor I for a copy of his correspondence with the f.xw.tite of tin1 : ' United States. You have doubtless seen, ?' ith surprise and regret, that this resolution cal!<*c forth in the House of As ? ; sembly. apologists for Great Britain and advocates for hei - j arrogant demand. But i: is with pride and pb-a-ure we an II nounce to you, that no Whig Representative so far forgot hi: ; J obligations to his country. The correspondence has bcor ? i aJreudy submitted to you, and we are gratined to observe e| ".ha: the pvfitiocs a.s-i:ix:ed a-d the courssi adopted by thi Governor, in rmuntaiaing the sovereignty and honor ot'the - . have commanded the support and received the appro iti n of the Peopiei ?ritheut drstinctibn of patty. The pe sitioo. assumed is. that the subject of McLeod's guilt or in? nocence :s one exclusively befongwgto. the courts and jury ". the ..rate; that, like ill other persons accused of crime, be ha%e a fair tri-i!. enjov a legal deliverance, if itino ?? i-. and suffer th. punishment otnis crimes it sruiltv ; and that neither th- British (Tovenimont nor the Government of tl ' ntted States, nor the Government of this State, aught tobenJlowed m interfere b> any nwiute. with the regular coarse of legaJ proceedings in the ease Measures have been taken to obtain your assent to various cbangcstn the ?nsutuuon, iraiumensable to secure the mo? difications- V? !?|--H-nt judiciary system, so universallv de? manded by tite business mtereso of the people; and wenn a id earowtjy recommended by the present and former Go? vernors ot this State. I be passage of the Resolutions, pre pared by the Judiciary Committee of the Assembly, without opposition in either branch of the Leg-Mature, afford. ?}*? as surar.ee of theirmeeting your general and eordiul approval. Iu view of the abuses which have crept into the course of [< proceedings, and especially oftbe intolerable delavs and oppressions experienced in the Court of Chancery, the adop? tion of these resolutions may be regarded as the most impor? tant measure w hich hns obtained the sanction of any Legis? lature since tke formation of" the Constitution. A. bill designed to relieve our fellow-citizens, engaged in mechanical pursuits, trotn the injurious competition of State Prison labor, after having passed the Senate was lost in the Assembly, from the lateness Df the hour at which it was re? ceived.; but its loss is tho less :?? be regretted since, us vou will have seen, the Executive has adopted the necessary measures to .-airy into effect the existing law on that subject, ?a law which is believed to be adequate for th i correction ol the evil, and which would long since have done so. if it bad not been violated, in letter and spirit, by the former con? ductors of the prison. We deem i? our d it) to C dl your attention to various pro po-ed amendments of the militia laws of the State. With a view to mitigate the evils anil lighten the burdens of the present system, it has been proposed te abolish ?II company parades of the uniformed militia, and require .wilv a general inspection and review : to fix the fine, for non-attendance, at not less than two nor more than five dollars; to require the commandants of brigades to appoint the presidents of regi? mental and battalion court-martial; to publish the several tines imposed, the -otus collected, and the manner of expen? ding the money; and finally, to issue to uniformed compa? nies and troops a supply of arm- from the State arsenals on the receipt of the proper security for their safe keeping. These provisions were embodied in a bill which passed the House of Assembly, but wos deemed by the Senate to U- of such novelty and importance, as to require further considera? tion by the people. Cherishing, as ?ti believe you do, an unfailing regard f>r the maintenance of a well regulated militia, we cannot doubt that yen will give this subject the consideration it merits, and direct the next Legislature to make such changes as may be no essary f?r the public good. In coujjsliai.ee with numerous petition, from various parts of the State, our attention has been directed to the existing laws concerning Executions, with n view to ameliorate the condition of honest and unfortunate debtors. Although, tram the newness of the subject, no bill was finally passed, it was discovered with much pleasure that the indications of public sentiment point s..m.- mere benign legislation, both in Congress and in tiiis State. V\e have passed a law. calculated \vc trust, at once to prevent monopolies in the manufacture of salt, to reduce tho price of that important article, to enlarge the range of market supplied by our salt springs, ami te increase the revenues of the State. Such, fellow-citizens, a brief review of out legislative action, during a session marked by unusual harmony among your representative, from the various regions of the State. We trust that our time will !?? found not t>> have b<-eu miss peat, and that the spirit which has prevailed will lo recog? nized a* ikat of an earnest desire to promote the public wel? fare, to elev ate tr?.- charactei of the State, and to perpetuate the blessings of civil liberty. [ Signed bv all Mie Whig Members.]_ < II 3; AI* A\t) 4.?OS?. ALL who want to get Pools mid .-lin... of tho best quality 'and latest fa-hum- lower tluui bare hitherto 1.n offered m the ,. will please call at the CLINTON HOOT AND SHOE MARK KT, No. 1104 Canal-street, northeast comer of Hudson-street, where ? hji be found almost ?v*ry thing in die Boot und Shoe lii.c, . u. iix r than "'v. r. Ladies, you can g t ?inner?. Buskins, Wulking Shoes onl Slips at this establishment, of ult colors and kind., suitable for tho spring and summer war, cheap a< tb?- cheupestaud good a* the best. Country merchants are solicited to . all nod examine our -t..ck ofgoods bef r- purchasing elsewhere. N. lt.?Don t birgst th.- aanM and number, OiVI Canal-str.wtt, nerth ?ust corner of Hudson-street A. K.VoX A CO. mil Im ? THE CKfCAT t lTlI.l?KI.VIi BOOT Ac ?SMoK MARKET, 13 Catharine-street, corner of Monroe. 'SCRIBNEK It <:o. would Inform tbo citizens of New-York, Brooklyn, and tue surr?Unding country, that they buve opened the ab'.ve .lore with Boots and Sb. Knougb to supply bull' the Nation, The Cheapest and Best in all Creation, l-niie-. vou can find at ?tis store 1 splendid issortmenl ofbtack and colored Gailors, liped Cloth Bnskias, Morocco, Preach Buskins, Slip? pers and Ties, .11 about two-thirds lha pric? usually asked lor the ?nne articles. (i.'iitleiu'ii, Jon '..--) ? hi f.ii.l 1 -pi 'oJld assortment of -lout and fine Boots, Brogan?, Shoe, aud i'umps, to'/stlicr with any quantity of Boys', Misses' sad Children's Boots and Shoes, all of which wdl he ?obi lower than the same articles were ever .old before. Com? one, eotue all, and examine for yourselves. n.-..-e recollect that this store is 73 Catharine, corner of Moaroe Itreet, rite lir-t .-..rn.-r below L< rd A Taylor'?, and next door to Hull's liirL'.- Drv (i.^si. -torn. >. u.--Country merchant.' and others iu the trade, who wish 10 buy, frh-.ip lor cash) would do well to call before they purchase ehw wbere. ra,!i?_!._ Jyy.W KfSTAIH.IMH.TIIilVT.M. OLD BOSS KK'lltKli- ,. just opened twoof the most iplendid B< ? ' 0 ?I Shoe Mores in the City?one at 500 Creen ... ?rn< 1 S| ring, and one al 234 Canal-street, with a** new ro'sls, lic-t quality and cheapest m the l/'iiiled Steles, All who want the r^al genuine, it the greatest bargains ever heard of, will give the old chjp a call forthwith. ?4 tf TO THE BJkMU?ONABVIt.?IB. MILLKR'S i..wji*k. , . pjiEjvi 11 SHOE STORE, 142Cansl-st-,between Thompson and Sulliv Lu-stn et-.?J. B. Miller takes tins opportunity to return his sincere Uutolui to ibe ladies of NewrVerk, (aistVieadi 111 particular., for the kind and lifwrul patronage evinced toward him since bis commencement in business, and hopes, byau unremitting a* teasion, to merit a continuation of tlieir favors. J. 15. M. would also beg leave to inform she ludn-s in general, that rite whole of his ladies'shoes mil be .-oinpleted in the latest French Style, an.Irr the ?u[?rvi-ion of Mr. Alien, fwho for severs! years con? ducted the business of Mr. Lane, ! Murray-sL, no* r'Uirr.l iatba coun? try. 1 and where every*ariiele of taste, fa.-hion and beauty can be ab neiied at the lowest possible price, and uiie<|Uuied by any in the city. Mis.e.' and Children's Shoes in ?r..,?. variety. N. B. Ladies are invited to call, and nr.- asnure.l ihat the richest va? riety of colors for th.- casou, as well us lite quality of the article, taa uoi lie lupereeded by any -tore 111 the city. Merchants and otUer. will find it to their decided advantage to call aiui our<-h.L-?'. Wholesale sad retail, at rnifl 7:- J. B. MILLERS, I? Camd-nt. ?31 ?oui: i.M) Mi*e. IN ibe buildin? kuown as the CO LOMBIAN HAI.I.. -X'. Grand street, .be most >paeious wholesale und r?Ud SAI.h^i ItOSJM in the Coiled States, the largest aad best selected assort? ment of LadsesI, Miss??' and t.'badrea's SHOES e.vi.luMvely.io all their rarie I.if pattern, width, color, shape ?ad material asoaUy tailed for, of our own rnanufaetare. We would inform ts?o? Utes *h?,^J?/D'^ been eompeUed to to Bt.fway and eh-nere. -h.t ia?y - of doing so no knarerj and we lartts them to ... fresa two to eight -lolling, iserpair.aad be belter ...vM, w?W -he d.ta? and ^"r^^T*^^?^ We would also -ay that h^g *o~2 iZ^TZZZLrTn speetftdly ?Besten to '^[^ J,ir.try trade, will ?.d it to their ad and r?tail dealer, for en* sow ' , . ... wm? call before |h?dtasiaaT.-ae not ordy qaahty and quanuty, - 11 .f a ?real Ui-lucement. but prices, shall make ?t a g' BR If TOLL & HALL, all) 3in' iH4TO?t P*VII.IOm FOUNTAIN WA ^ *g? for ,a|r by 6ISSNER 6l VOLN'G, dealers in choice Creea '??i Kl?ak Taa?. Wioe?, Grocen??, Kruat, dte, lie, wholesale and re Zl, No- 132 Cait.l.am .tree'- New-York. at? tif* s