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New-York tribune. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1841-1842, January 18, 1842, Image 2

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D . tor Gardner's Lectures -Non. 13. 14,15, 1G. IT
and st < ; the Weekly Tribune,contain the 3d,-Ith. 5th.
6Ui id lUh I ectures of in- tir-t Series and the ? hole of
the Second Series. A few copies of either of the above
paper? so j be at this.' ft!**; Price cents each.
DC" For News from Europe, from Oregon, Rhode
Island. Illinois, ice. -with a Report of the last Lecture
before the Pre-MiUeni?l Advent Association, see First
XT Fora tabular view of the prospective Apportion?
ment of Representatives in Congress, and Mr. Hud
sons Speech in continuation: see Last Page.
Blvpocriay f'nmankcd!
ft is well known thai ti:- great mass of the
Northern and Middle State opponents of the Bank?
rupt Law have based their opposition en the pre -
text that i's prer'sions arc not uniform?that they
do vor. apply to Corporations. This is emphat
, ajj. pretext of the hoco-rocw of all this re
ojon. They are absolutely ashamed to appear as
the advocates ?f eternal bondage to trie insolvent
debtor, and of iife-Iong depression to his family,
and tbcv make the exclusion of Corporation** their
prominent obj? lion. The Sun has distinctly as?
serted 11 inr if f p*?fati?n? bad been subjected to its
power, there \v< id have iieej. no serious effort to
repeal si?just as though the addition of ull the sus
pended Banks and theii stockholders, dependents
and friends fn the wurnbei of its active, deadly ene?
mies would have strengthened the? measure! The
fact is, that ihe frieitds-tof a Bankrupt Law, as a
clnss. have been indifferent to the Corporation
clause?some of them for, some against it; but ail
agreed in putting the bill in the shape m<e-t hkeiy
to insure its passage, and afterward amending it
?ui a- to render ii ns perfect as possible. The sim?
ple and sole reason why the Corporation clause
v/ns not inserted in the original bill was this: the
bill could bo passed without tttid could not with
such a clause. The friends of the measure did not
feel justified in sacrificing a certain aad va^t good
in a hopeless crusade against Corporations.
I'm at length a small number oi the Members
whose votes carried the measure turned against us,
anrl gave us into tint power-of the enemy. The Bank?
rupt Law appeari d doomed, unless a reinforcement
could !><? summoned to its aid. The friends of the
measure were now absolved from farther obliga?
tions, and free to uct with any who could be sum?
moned to its aid. They were ready to make a
frank and friendly overture to the pretended advo?
cate i * I u strictly uniform Law, including Corpor?
ation?. Accordingly, on Friday last, Mr. Briggs
Ol M o--. moved that the .Judiciary Committee be
instructed to report an amendment including Cor
poralt as. '1 his proposition was instantly met by
a motion from Mr, Cave Johnson (Loco-Focb) that
it do lie on Ihe table, which proposition was sus?
tained by 33 Whigs, mostly open enemies of any
Bankrupt Law, und fifty-three koco-Focos, includ?
ing Messrs; Bourne, ('Union, Dick, Paris, Doig,
Egbert, Ferris, J. G. Floyd, CA. Floyd, Gor- \
don, IJouck, R. McClellan, Riggs, Sdnford, and
Van Buren, { Id) of this State. It failed by eight
votes. After ?* farther struggle to kill it. a Mr. !
Care Johnson again moved to lay on the table Mr.
Uriel's motion to subject all Corporations issuing
paper money t>> the provisions of the Bankrupt
Law,and this titr."* the motion was defeated by one
vote only?the Yeas and Nays being as follows;:
Yeas?Messrs. Arrinpton, Atherton, Barton, Birdseyc,
Bowne, Hoy*, Milton Brown,Vhiirlcs Brown, BurkoYSam
son H. Butler. W.O. Butler. Green W. Culdwell; Patrick
C. Caldwoll. John Cnnipbcll, William B. Campbell, Titos.
J. Campbell, Curutlu rs, i',.ry, Chnpman, Clifford. Cliti
ion, Cclcs, Cross, Daniel tiumt Davis] Richard D. Da?
vis, Den, Donn, Doig; Essiiaan, John C Edwards, Ktr
bert. Ferris. John G Floyd, Charles A. Floyd. Portland*.
Gentry, Giddings,.Ki\ m\k, Q off gin; Gordon, Greew.Gus
line. Harris. John Hustings, Hays, Hopkins, Horn k, Hou?
ston, ilubard, Hunter, Chartas J. Ingersoll, Jack, C. John
sou, .1 W. Jones, Keim. Andrew Kennedy, A. McClellan. ,
Robert MeClollan, iMurchaud; Alfred Marshall, Thomas j
F. Marshall, John T. Mason, Mattocks, 'Mr-dill. Neri '
irctlui. Newhnrd ?wsley, Partridge, Payne; Picken?,
Plumer, l'olk.l'oirrll Pkoki it,Hayner. Reding Reynolds, :
Riggs, S.tnf.rd, Sauuders;Shaw, Shcppcrd, YVin. Smith,
Snvder. Sprigg, Stecurod, J. II II Stuart. Summers,
John Ii. Thompson, 'l'urney. Undervsottd, Van Buron,
Ward. Warren, VV?ttcrE?M, Weller, Westbrook, Q. H. '
WiUiaiH#,KV ist.?100,
Whigs (in rtnlics) 2G, all open enemies of any \
Bunkrupt Law ; Abstractionists (in-small capital*)
; Loco-Focos voting against subjecting.Corpora?
tions to the operation of a Bankrupt Law. YS?
including SIXTEEN from New-York.
Navs?M..>-;-. Ad pins, Allen, LaudatV W. Andrew?,
Sherlock J Andrews,: Artield, Aycrigg, Baker, Barnard,
Beeson, Bidlack, Blair, RourdmuH, Rordcu, Rotts, Breies
i>r. I'.ri}.'^-. rJrockway; Bronsou, Burncll, Casey. Childs,
Chitiendcn,John <'. Clark, titaley N Clarke, Cooper,
Cowon, Cranston, Cravens, Cushiug, 1 imeson, Dcberry;
John Edwards, Fesseudcu, Fillmore. :A. L. Foster, Thos.
F. Foster, Gamble, Gates, Patrick tJ. Goode, Granger,
Gwit, Hubersham, Hull, llalsted, William S. Hast
lo^r.. Howard, Hudson; J. R. lugcrroll, James Irvin, W.
NN. Ir11< W. C. Johnsou, John P. Kennedy, Laur.U.iiMi.
Low. II. McKay MtKeoh, Sumsou Mason, Muthiot, Max?
well, Moore, Morrow; Osborne, Parnientcr, Pcudletou,
Ramsey; Bi iij Rahdall, Alexander Randall, Randolph,
Ridgway, Rodney; RoosereZt.AVm.Russell, J. M. Russell,
Sattouslall, Shields, Situor.tou, Slndo. T. Smith, Stanly.
Stokoly, Stratioo, John T. Stuart,T?liaforf?, Richard W.
Thompson, Jacob Thompson, Tilliugbust, Tolaud, Toin
linson, Trumbull, Van Renaselaar.W nllace, Washington,
Thointi-NV. A1ilbaih?7*foN*<f "'? Williums, Lewis Wil
liuiiis. J. L. Williums,.\Vimhrop; hood, Augustus Young,
John Young?101.
Loco-Eocos (in italics) fourti < n ; Whigs isi fa?
vor of subjecting Corporations to the Bankrupt
Law. 7 7.?After this with what decency can u Lo
co-Foco pretend that his party are in favor of in?
cluding Corporations ? or that such inclusion would
have secured their support 1 Their recorded
votes absolutely prove the contrary.
It can hardly be necessary to state that the en?
emies of any Bankrupt Law next morning rallied
ull their force?, and 1>\ the aid of a Loco-Foco par?
ly drill, forced the question of Repeal over the bend
of Mr. Briggs's proposition, an I tans crushed it by
main streng til.
Rep?'DIA t ION. ? The plague-spot has broken out
in Michigan. The following resolution lias been
offered in the Legislature by Mr. Wakefield. a
L'oco-r oco Senator:
Resolved, That ti c Attorney General badiiected
to give notice to the holders of our State stock or
bond-, that the State will reserve to itself the right
in contest the payment of those portions for which
she has received noc omdoration!
It was referred and ordered to be printed.
Frontier Tkoubles.?The Rochester Evening
Fost publishes an extract of a lettei from Fori
Erie, U. S.. dated the 10th, mentioning an alarm
of more border warfare. The writer i* sensible
enough to say that it is probably a hoax. Three
hundred British soldier-; have been sent to Grand
.Rivet bv General Jackson, to keep two war steam
s-ts from seizure or destruction, which it is said the
patriots meditated.
Pennstx.vania.?The votes at the late election
for Governor of Pennsylvania were counted in the
Legislature on the loth ami were a> follows:
David R. Porter (Loc I ead...136,504
John Bunks 'Whig).113,473
Francis;J. Leraoyne (Ab.).
Scattering. '-'^
Port*r's majority over Banks 23,031?over all
Wreck.?The Frankfort, from New-Orleans to
tins port, went'ashore-at Little Egg Harbor on
Friday last. She had a full cargo winch will pro
bablv be saved. The ship and cargo were together
valued at $159.000; the ship was insured for $60,
U0U. and the uetgi.t $5000.
niwwirriMrnriiBMiciJiiii^ -?
JLatMt from China?Blotriug up and dc
I ?trtidion of the Chine?e Tillage, and
probable destruction ol Canton. &c.
The Brig Albion arrived at this port yesterday
from Canton which plaice .-he left or. the 15th ol
September. She ha? a full cargo of Teas and
Silks consignee to Boorman. Johnston, A: Co. It
was 3aid by the Chinese that Among was taken and
! burnt by the British on the 27th Aug. From Can
i ton there is intelligence of interest contained in
( the following extract of a letter dated.
.>La>,ao. si o'c'oek, P. M., 15th September, 1841:
1 have already written to you several letters by
Ulis conveyance which 1 now confirm, and have
now just heard. I hope in time fot this vessel, ef
Capt. Nias (the commanding orticerj having iss ied
a proclamation in Chinese, and commenced hos
; tilities by attacking the villaee* on the banks ol
: the river near where the obstructions were sunk,
and by blowing up and utterly destroying Wong
Tung and the fortresses at Cow Loon. There is a
rumor of his intention to surround Canton, and I
should hot be much surprised to hear of the city
being burnt before I get away from here. Thus il
appears, as conjectured and stated to you yester?
day; that the least provocation is how mad" the ? ??
j ruse for gre/t violence, and Ihe result is a? doubt?
ful, and the anticipation of it. as much clouded by a
fear of suffering to the innocent people; a* at any
former period. This news is-just ai hand in a let?
ter from Canton, when the smoke ?>{ the burning
villages was seen; the cannons heard, and the p.
pie of Canton were fleeing in all directions^ whilst
tha reports were that many people hud been killed
I at the villages.
Maine.?The Public Dele r,f Maine amounts
' to $1,814,715; against which she has a claim on
the Federal Government for $209,000, and other
dues.amounting to $071,367. Beside this, Mas?
sachusetts bus u large claim on the Federal Gov?
ernment for the services of her Militia in the Last
War, one-third of which belongs to Maine. Her
revenue for 1841 was $345,356; Expenditures
$372,140 : balance in the Treasury $55,952. She
receives about .*100,000 per annum from the sale
uf State Lands: from Bank Tax $30,000 ; total
Revenue for next year (estimated) $390,907.
Philip^C. Johnson has been chosen Secretary ol
State, vice Samuel P. Benson ; James White.
Treasurer, vice Sanford A. Kingsberry; and seven
Loco-Foco instead of Whig Councillors?till by
about 126 to 56 in .1 ? >ir%t Ballot of the Legislature.
\W classed Thomas S. Pullen, the Senator chosen froai
Somerset by the Legislature, as a Loco; be is a W big
Hon. Thomas Darce, lii?> competitor, died lately, and the
Legislature was obliged by the ConstilutioN to elect .?
Whig; He i- the only Whig thut gets au office at Augusta
this whiter.
Mr. O. A Brown son's Lecture on Civili?
zation at Clinton Hall lust evening was mainly a
consideration of the Law ef Progress by which the
Human Race has advanced from barbarism to its
present intellectual, moral and physical condition,
or rather conditions. His theory assumes barbar?
ism arid mental infancy as the primitive state of
the Human Family, from which it litis emerg" tl
and ascended to its present unequal altitude:, by
slow and irregular gradations. This progiess, he
contends, is not spontaneous:and inevitable, but the
tesult of extrinsic influences acting oh the Race;
To^ maintain this position, he appealed to the
tradition of all civilized nations, or communities,
ouch of which refers the origin of its culture to
some communicated impulse?some colony or
teacher from abroad, and often some direct, mes- i
senger from God. This uniformity of tradition.
Mr. B. maintained, established the fact, which is
otherwise abundantly corroborated, that the origin
of Progress is ever in Revelation, or some special
manifestation of Divine Providence.
A.< Human Progress originates, so is it ever sus?
tained and impelled by inspiration of God. Every
perception of Nature is a lower form of Inspiration,
but this is not sufficient; Left to this alone, the Race
would not merely,fail to advance ; it would relapse
and recede into in primeval barbarism. But Cod
raises up and qualifies men inspired to be the teach?
ers, guides and elevators of their kind?not merely
those inspired mainly to teach loftier views of Deity
and Duty, us Moses and Christ, bill inspired to in?
struct and |ead forward their brethren in other de?
partments of Knowledge aud Well-Being. Ever} i
new truth is communicatedjthrough these frorn.< Jod,
without which there would be no Progress,.but the j
reverse. To talk ol the Mass laboring with new
truths, med jta ting advancement, aspiring after a i
higher life, is opposed to reason and history. Pro?
gress is ever the impulse of the few or the one ;
the many follow distantly and reluctantly/after the
prophet they have stoned or the Saviour they have
crucified because he was in advance of them: und
follow only when the new truth which found utter?
ance through him lias won its way through till ob?
stacles and been assimilated to their being.
Progress thus consists of the accretion of the
truth Divinely communicated to-day to t}m similar
truths hi' yesterday mal of all past ages. The men
of one age excel the men of a preceding because
they embody all pa-t ages. There is thus a growth
in the Race; the civilized man of to-day is not
merely wiser than the man of antiquity ; he is not
merely master of more facts and sciences ; he is of
larger soul. All the past has flowed into and be?
come [tart of his being. The infant of to-day is
invested with larger faculties than the infa.nl of
twenty centuries since,?and is a superior being.
[ The child of to-day is not merely familiar with
truths which were unknown to the man of Plato's
age, but he has thoughts, aspirations, ?motions of
different and loftier character.
As this is true of the Race generally, so of dif?
ferent Races of men now on the ear:.':. Some races
are thirty centuries in advance of others. Let the
? child of the Esquimaux or New-Zeaiander firs;
open his eye? amid all the aits and be trained amid
? the culture of civilization, ami he will not grow up
a civilized man. His feelings, aspirations and de?
sires will be those of the savage, slightly modified
; by external relations. So the child of Christian
; Civilization, thrown in infancy among savages, will
' grow up with ideas and aspirations unknown and
? incomprehensible to them : he will become a mas?
ter-spirit and a chief. So also of families. The
pride of birth is not the absurd sentiment it is c ?m
! Rionly represented. It is founded in the recogni
; tion of the fact that some families, from ad van
I tnges of position or other causes, have obtained a
j higher culture than others. We say instinctively,
. 4 He bus good blood in his veins.' Thousands of
stories have been written of which the theme is a
j child of noble birth growing up in the cottage of a
j churl, but altogether different from the children
i about him. The universal interest and delight in
these stories prove that they are based on a truth
which the mind recognizes at once.
Mr. B. having previously defined Mat: as a com?
pound in infinitely diversified proportions of Know?
ing. Feeling and Acting, gave to Feeling through?
out the first place. The teacher, the leader, the
elevator of the Race should appeal constantly to
the sentiments, the emotions, the affections, of
those he would win or move. In all ages, tho in?
spired master spirit has appealed to the heart ra
; tber than the underetarding. Profoundly did Pia
; to observe that the human soul rises to God on two
; wings?the wine of Thought and the wing of Love.
Le: none rashlv attempt 50 to soar, upborne by
Intellect alone.
Mr. Brownsen concluded the Lecture of which
we have given the above hasty sketch, at 20 min
I utes pa3: ?. having inexcusably commenced it a
quarter of an hour after his rdvertised time. (7k
: o'clock.) He will continue the subject on Wedr-^s
dav evening.
Another Terrible Biet in Cincinnati I
t'orrespundeuo' ofThe New-York Tribune.
Cincinnati. Tuesday. Jan. 11. 1542.
Our city is at this moment in a state of treraen
1 dous excitement. Yesterday, after Banking hours,
it was rumored that the Miami Exporting Co.
Bank and the Bank of Cincinnati, bothold I roken
concern?, had stopped payment. This morainf . at
about 9 o'clock, a crowd in consequence assembled
before the door of the latter Bank, and a notWre was
\ soon hung out upon the door that thev had sus?
pended for twenty day-. When the doors were
opened to hang out this notice, a rush was made
! for the inside, and all its contents, consisting of
? wesks, counters nnd the vault were broken and
thrown into the str^?-:. Munrv to the amount of
$224,000 was taken from tie vault.
The mob then went, to the Miami Batik, which :
they broke open and destroyed iu contents; The
Exchange Bank, adjoining the Miami, of which
\ John Bates, the well-known West Union financier,
: was an officer; was next assailed. A run was made
1 upon him, and he continued to redeem all his is
i sue*, until the mob broke in and destroyed every
> thing. Thence they crossed over to Luugee's '
offiee, who was godfather to the Savings Bank tu
j Louisville. This was likewise destrwved : and the
I crowd, gafhered at the corner of Third and Main
j streets. A strong disposition on tin- part of the \
j mob was manifested to destroy the Truders iv- Me
, chanics' Bank: but they continued to redeem their
notes; which were nothing more than certificates ,
1 of deposite with promises to pav in current Bank
j notes, and thus escaped. How this most diigrace
i fttl riot will rnri, tirr* only <-:m show. A few of
j the military have been called out, but have effected
i little. They marched through the crowd with
: fixed bayonets, but they wer*- soon attacked and
j compelled to retreat. As they retired they were
j ordered to fire upon the mob, which they did.
Their guns were loaded with blank cartridges,
I .
however, and only two or threo were slightly in?
jured. Cincinnati is disgraced forever in the eyes
of those who love order and respect tho laws.
There is among our people ne sympathy, to be
sure, for those persons who are^concerned in re?
suscitating these rotten concerns, but every one is
indignant at the method of evincing resentment.
The authorities seem to be lamentably inactive. I
Many people think they could have effect? d no?
thing if they had tried ; but others allege that, hud
they been promptly on the spot, they could easily
have prevented the disgrace. The scene of the
operations of the mob is not twice u stone's throw
from the Mayor's office. The indignation ef tho
citizens was greatly aroused some two or three
weeks since by the explosion of the Lebanon Miami
Bank, some thirty miles from this city. This is
probably one cause of the outbreak ; yet those who
have taken the most, active part in it are those wh?
have nothing to l?se. At present the arm of the
law is palsied, and the honor of the Queen City is
tarnished fir years.
Five o'clock.?The ciov.d is still great, but the
mob have ceased their active operations^ Several
of them have been arrested, and are now in jail, j
About $2*1,000 were found upon their persons.?
There will be a strung guard tut to-night to pro?
tect the Banks that are in goad repute. Threats
were thrown out against the Life Insurance and
Trust Company ; but they continue to pay specie
for their notes, and will probably escape.
Sir o'clock.?All is quiet, and if it continue! thus
all will be well. A strong guard has been ordered
out to prevent farther depredations.
Tuesday, Jan. 10
All is quiet tIiis morning. The issuers of ihin
plnsters look blue as they see the fragments of their
' fi.rins ' scattered in the street.
The weather here is mild as March, and there is
no ice in the river, which is very high.
fours, C. T.
OCT" We were in hopes, siuce the present worthy
and estimable Commissary General, A Dots'111 am
Chandler, is to be superseded, that the choice
would have fallen on another worthy and industri?
ous Mechanic, who has long Inb -red ardently and
efficiently for Tammany?to wit, James Conner-?
We learn, however, that from among rt dozen enn
; tlidates?nm*t of them gentlemen?the ' powers
ihut be ' have resolved to appoint Jonathan D.
Sleven*07i !?Can even the Loco- Foco party delib
I erately approve such a choice?
Deaths in the City.?Tho Report of rntor?
ments for the last week states that there were 4C>
men, .'>! women, ?? boys and ?fi girls?total '.210
: buried during the week. < tf these -I died of Apo
[ilexy, 32 of Consumption, 1? of Convubions, 3 ol
; Group, 4 of Delirium Tremens. 14 of Dropsy in
the Head; 2 of Dropsy in the Chest. "J of Dysen?
tery, 16 of Scarlet Fever, 7 of Typhoid Fever. ??'
i of other Fevers. 20 of Inflammation on the Luni
G of Inibimraation of the Brain. 7 of Inflammation
! of die Liver. 13 of other Inflammations, 8 of Ma
j rasmus, and ?I of Small Pox : of the whole num?
ber lij:; were natives of the United State- and 2S
of Ireland:
From Florida.?A correspondent of the Tal
! luhasse Sentinel write-, thtit the village ef Sam
Jones had been found and destroyed. It cousi.-ted
: uf about sixty well-constructed huts situated on an
island near the everglades in the Cypress Swamp.
and the soldiers had to wade middle-deep to
. reacti it.
Fire a r Pitts field; Mass.?On Tuesday
night, one of the buildings, known as the Berkshire
Gymnasium, was destroyed by tire. It was only
: used for school-rooms, and its loss will not inter
i fere with the regular course of the Rev. Mr. H.
Tyler's Young Ladies' Institute. The buil ling
was fully insured.
Naval.?The U. S. sloop of War Levant.Com?
mander Fitzhugh, tins been ordered, says the Nor
. folk Herald, to Nicaragua. (Bay of Hor.duia-) it is
said;! to look after some American vessels which
; have been illegally detained by the authorities at
that place,
[CP A Dr. White residing n*ar Davidson Col?
lege. N. C. was drowned on the 23d ?lt.-- in at?
tempting to cross a creek which was too deep to
ford. This is. we believe, the third instance of
; persons being drowned in that section of the coun?
try the past fall.
jZF The Washington Temperance men are ow?
ing a good work in North Carolina. Whole vil?
lages .have been revolutionized, and the cause is
? ?tili onward.
EP Flihu Burritt. the ' Learned Blacksmith,'
j will lecture before the Brooklyn Arhenu-um this
j evening. See card.
Monday, January IT, 1541.
Before Judge Kent and Aldermen PtraoY and Ltt.
Trial of John C Colt for the harder of
?aniael Adam?.
At a few minutes aftet 9 o'clock the doors were
opened, and the prisoner, ir. charge or* Officer A.
M. C. Smith, was brought into the room. Tee
seats; capable of containing some four hundred
persons, were speedily filled, after which none but
witnesses, reporters and other interested persons
were admitted. A dense crowd, however, were
continually clamoring for admission at the door.?
After looking about the room with apparent com?
posure, the prisoner seated bimmelt at the stove,
conversed for a few moments with the etneer*. anu
then turning his back upon the spectators, devoted
himself t" reading the Aurora.
He was without gloves, was dressed in a trocK
coat ef blue beaver cloth with a velvet collar, his j
hair was well brushed, his whiskers neatly trimmer
and he appears to have suffered scarcely at all
either from his confinement or from the reflections
his condition must naturally awake; within his
breast. His face was -lightly flushed and there
cam-* at times across his strongly marked features,
a.bitter, scornful expression, which soon disap?
peared, however, and he again resumed his wen ted
composure, occasionally gazing intently -upon va?
cancy, he seemed deeply absorbed in reflection,
?When addressed by those around him, he eon
versed with easy familiarity, and occasionally with
vivacitv and cheerfulness; The witnesses, as they
came in, took their seat* at the right of the Judge-'
desk. When Messrs. Mob rill, Szlden and Em
M?Tt, of the prisoners* counsel, came in, tie cor?
dially shook hands with them, as lie did with sev?
eral otiiers as they successively entered the room.
His brother, the inventor ?,!* the celebrated patent
lire-arms, came in and seated himself by his -tde.
There is a strong and striking resemblance between
tHe two, although the prisoner's forehead is more
projecting, his hair thicker, and his countenance
[ess pleasing and much more strongly marked titan
those of his brother Samuel. Among the witness?
es who came in at un early hour was Mrs. Adams,
the widow of the deceased, attended by her father.
Mr. Lane. She was dressed in deep mourning,
with a small black bonnet and veil, and is an ex
ceedTnglv ititeresting lady in her appearance. She
wore a sad, mournful countenance; expressive ol
her deep afHicuon.
At precisely twenty-five minutes before 11 A. M.
Judge KENT came in, the Crier read the proclama?
tion, and after a few minutes conversation concern- i
iti;: a miner rase, the Judge remarked that Alder?
men Purely and Lee were no: expected until 11
o'clock. The mom Bt this time was densely
crowded, and it was with considerable difficulty
that the >?.ticers hehl in check the mvss that
thronged around the door. The District Attorney,
.1. K. Whiting, EVq. was assisted in behalf of the
People by James M. Smith, Jr. Esq. : ft ? 'he de?
fence appeared Dudley Seiden. John A. Morrill,
and Robert Emmctt, Esquire-'.
At 20 minutes past 11 the two Aidermen en?
tered, the proclamation wm again read, and
The District Attorney called on the case of John
C Colt.
Tde prisoner then seated himself with Iii? coun?
sel and the names of the following petit Jurors
were called' who answered thereto : William An?
del son. William E. Bailey, Francis Clark. Samuel
Frost; Hampton D. Gage, Hiram Harrison,Thomas
King-, Vincent McConnt John -. Wm. Leg
get. Saml. W. Hen man, Geo, Hussey, Cornelius
C. Jacob:;-, William Key, James Pierson, James j
Raeshack, Wm. W. Shirley; Robert Snow, and |
John Westeifield. It was announced that l!> Ju
rots only answered. The Court read the law or?
dering a summons by the ShpritV when less than 24
answered, and was about to order the summons
when Hon. D. Seiden, Esq. suggested doubts re?
specting the organization of the Court, und asked
whether the recerd exhibits the farts a-* to who
are to constitute the Coart. lie was answered
that it. slues.
The Court] anticipating some difficulty in pro?
curing a Jury, then ordered the Sheriff to summon
persons to attend on Wednesday at 10 o'clock,
at which time the witnesses un both sides were
ordered to l.e present;?when the trial will come
un. The prisoner, attended by ihn officers, then
left the i lorn, and was consigned again to (lie City
It was with no little difficulty^ however, that they
secured torliim a passage acrossihe Park; and the
rbm-e crowd that thronged around him on his first
appearance ou* of doors made it. necessary to take
him into the Alms Ilon.-?> building until they had
CCP The Lecture of Rev, Mr; McNeill, of
Liverpool, mi the Life and Character of benjamin
Franklin, w ith a lithograph of the press on which j
Franklin worked in London, and much interesting j
matter in relatfeii to him, is fur sale bv Henderson
Greene, Wiley A. Putnam, und a* most of the
bockstore-. Price25 cents tor tie* elegunt English
copy; To the gen?ral reader itJs of decided iuter
?*-t. while tri a printer oi a library it is of especial
[CP Mr. Bra-ham gives hi- last Musical Per?
formance, prior to his departure from the City, this
evening at the Society Library, and rirurs gome of
his very best songs. We doubt not that a bounli- j
ful audience will be present. 'John Anderson my
Jo' and ' Black-Eyed Susan ' are among the song
of the evening.
The X. E. Bolndarv.?The Commissioners
{><v surveying the North Ea.-t Boundary held a
meeting in this city last week. The Commercial
says that their operations have c.onsi-ted is denn- i
ihg the ruetidian line, ia -urveying the line claimed
by Messrs. Feather*tonaugh and Mudge, and e.\
aming the Highland-.
'? Owing to unforeseen difficulties," says the Com?
mercial, "upon the meridean line, and the fact that
the boundary claimed by the two nations is much
longer tlmn could have been inferred from anv ex- 1
isting map. the entire survey of the disputed terri
tory has not been completed. The lines underta?
ken by Messrs. Renwick and Talcott were estima?
ted, by the best authorities extanr, at four hundred
and twenty mik-. We understand that their joint i
surveys already amount to rix hundred miles upon
tHe line of hishiar.ds. in addition to the survevs ne- !
eejiar/to connect their work with known g**o2ra?-'??.
ical points. In spite of the'r having performed
much more than had been anticipated, parts of the j
boundaries claimed by both governments had sot ;
beer, reached at the time when a!! farther opera?
tions were interrupted by the setting in of winter
We regret to lears that the presentation of ever, the
materials necessary for the decision of this ques?
tion may be delayed for the wan: of the neeessarv
funds, in consequence of tie appropriation having
been exhausted by the increased difficulties and ex?
tent of surveys ot which we have spoken.'*'
ET ll those who ii I-.- !>-.-n auue*. r,! with the trouble
and experience of poor Oil, Gas or spurious Camphene,
or any po.?r burning material, in either parlor., stores or
workshops, wjjl only make a trikl of Wrbh's gen-dine
Camphene and new Burners, frcru cora. rof i'uual si. and
Broadway, they will readily discover the advantage. See ;
dvertueuieot in another column.
By This Morning's Southern Mail.
Aspect* at Waahinjiom?The Baukrup
From our Special Corrc\.pou<.'ent.
Washington. Jao. 16:b. 15*2.
To prosecute an inquiry into the misconduct of
our ruler* is always an ungracious if not an unprofi?
table task : a proper respect to the constituted au?
thorities of the country, should be sedulously in?
culcated, but a tame submission to their ambiti?s
or caprice degrades the people to th?* condition of
The sudden and unexpected change of sentiment
in the House of Representatives on tho subject of
the Bankrupt Law has led to a fruitless endeavor
to trace out the causes. The condition pi tue
Country, the relation of Debtor and Creditor, and
the character *f the House itself, have experi?
enced no change since the passago of the- bill ; and
after the most dispassionate review of tho circum?
stances attending the conduct ef the members who
have seen fit to desert their principles and thus in?
flict a deadly wound in the hearts of thousands of
their fellow-citizens, I am constrained to pronounce
them enemies to humanity and traitors to their trust.
If the benign measure wus founded in Natural pol
scv.snd justice, the attempt to repeal it must be
branded as * violation of moral ami political obli?
gation, which neither the rage of contending par?
ties, nor the reckless aspirations of individuals
can possibly justify. If legislators can act thus
with impunity?if, frem avarice, ambition, or a
.':.?*. of power; a few can erect the standard ol
their own private interests, on the prostrate stars
and stripes of our glerious confederacy, then in vain
have the people of the United States contended for
free institutions; their boasted power and virtue
are but a phautom.
But rouse your readers to energetic action ! It
regardless of your duty as citizens of a free Coun?
try, and of the solemn obligations you owe your
children and their posterity;?If, regardless of the
lights of humanity, and every sanction of both God
and man, \ou bow your necks to tyranny like this;
you dfierve the oppression that may be in store
for rou. For let no rann believe that the miichiei
will -No here; that only the unavailing appeal oi
the wretched bankrupt and his children's cry for
bread, are to be unheard by your Representatives
in Congress : when it squares with their ambitious
or selfish designs, we have a tight to believe they
would strike a blow at the very vitals of our Consti?
It is melancholy to witness tho fruits of the con?
test of 1 J?40 absolutely rotten before they wer.? ripe
The hot spirits of our purtv entertainingantagonis
tical views in relation to cardinal measures ol gov?
ernment would not be controlled by the moderate
portion of our friends;, they freely denounced the
motives of each other, and magnified boxest differ?
ences of opinion int? insurmountable obstacles to
the harmony and Integrity of the parly. A readi?
ness to adopt any suspicious rumor against the in?
tegrity of each other, however vague and unsup?
ported, and a strange incredulity of any palpable
fact having a tendency to vindicate the honor of the
parties, have, I fear, effectually crushed the h-<pe>
of the moralist and the patriot.
That men who claim to be honest and patriotic,
and assume the virtue of consistency iu legislation,
should labor to bring the government into contempt ,
is a melancholy fact; therefore it becomes the peo?
ple to take a stand in behalf of their institutions.
Let them call into action their commanding resour?
ces; and put a rebuke upon their unfaithful servants,
which shall prove i? warning to others in all time
to corne !
Whether from imbecility or depravity, it the Re?
presentative grossly violates tho rights of his con?
stituent, ho should be made responsible in the pen?
alty of the loss of station, and be branded with dis?
honor. Yours, Lko.
Death of Hon. Linn Banks.?ThoTntelligen
ccr of yesterday says that Hon. Linn Banks, late
a Representative in Congress from the Fredericks
burg District, Virginia, was thrown from his horse
ami drowned, on Friday last, while attempting to
cress Con way river, in Madison county.
Georgia.? Returns of the recent Congressional
Election have been received from all but twenty
four counties; the vote thus far stands thus:
Gilmer..._'2b. :W!>
KIT Major Richard A. Zantzinger, of the [J. S.
Army, died on the evening of Tuesday, the -lib
instant, at the Planters' House, in St. Louis, (Mo. )
where he was in attendance as a member of a
Court Martial. He had been indisposed some
days before his death.
[CP The Slaveholder's Convention at Annapo?
lis, Md. adjourned nine die on the 14th. A com?
mittee of five was appointed to drat', a memorial
to present their views ot the Legislature.
DCP The Steam Brick Manufactory, with two
dwelling houses, were burned at. Baltimore on the
(CP The Loco-Foco members of the Kentucky
Legislature, together with many citizens of the
same puny from the neighborhood', held a meeting
in Frankfort on the 8 th instant, and nominated
Col. R. M. Johnson, as a candidate for the Presi?
Mexico.?The .National Intelligencer has re?
ceived biieliigencer from Mexico that on tiie Olh
ot October, the Representatives appointed by Gen.
Santa Ana. two from e-ich Department of the Re?
public, met and chose him President of the Mexi?
can Republic. The next day he took the oath of
office in the Hall of the Chamber of Deputies,, and
the same evening appointed as hi- Cabinet Min?
is ters?
Manuel Gomez Podraza, Minister ofF.reign Re?
lations and fiavurnmenf.
Cjpriano del Castillo, Minister of Justice and
i ubltc instruction.
Jose Maria Tornel y Mandevii, Minister of War
un.t Manne.
Francisco Garcia, Minister of Hacienda.
F>enor Garcia declined the appointment, and
soon afterwards died in the Department of Zacu
General Pedraza resigned after he had been in
office four er rive weeks, and Jose Maria de Boca
negra was appointed a? his successor.
Ignacio Trigueres was appointed Secretary of
the Treasury in place of Mr. Garcia.
The Provisional President had, by proclamation,
convoked the Conitituent Assembly for the firs: of
June next.
Official accounts had been received by the Sec?
retary of War of the capture of the Texian Expe?
A report of the Secretary of War, dated the
11th ot November, is published, recommending a
formal campaign against Texas, and statin- the
quotas *t troops which the several Departments
rerlrmyCOntribU:ef0rthe ?f
President Santa Ana has directed a cross of
personal disunion to be prepared at the pubiie
expense for General Armijo. with the following
SgKS; "He *Td ia N^ Mexico the in?
tegnt; ut the national territory."
Real Estate.-? YVc particularly mvite in ?
tention o: capitalists to the advertisement of.Mess*,
Bleeckek a V i> Dy's.;-. for su extensiv? uj, ?
very, valuable-property to take place on Krhfov r
this week. It will be seen that a large ponfcj^
the property is improved, and the whole of j;;
situated in the most beauiiful parts <>? the citr
?5.XECCT10X.?James Hawkins, convicted at-jw
late term ot" the murder of E. Booghiy, \yaa jjj
in accordance with his sentence, ut Monr?0n>n
its sea-. t:.-,.. ut Montjrp,
Ala., on the 3d inst.
OST Jam^ A. Griffith was killed by tie ap^.
uug'of his wagon near En on Valley. Pa., ^ ^
12th inst-, while on his way to Pitshiirg
load of scorchings.
KT Tw . sens of Mr. Eli Hoskins, at Charlotte.
V*t. were drowned in Lake Champiain *hit? $'?J'
ting on the 8th ir.st;
ROT The examination of the I . S. Bank oScen
was to have been resumed at Philadelphia *e$M
dav at I o'clock.
UjT A Mrs. Taylor wus drowned in the Cjnj'
at Rochester ?n the l-'Uh insr.
Eakvu.ji" vkv.? Vn eartlapjake was felt at M?fcj
Point, Ky. on the 27th tilt. I: was attended wire
a coarse rumbling noise, resembling distant thu?.
der; The vibration cftntiisued about thnv minute*
The river was much agitated, and the eldestinkah
itants think it the hardest ' shake ' since 1811.
I Louisville Journal.
The same shock was felt at Cairo, 111., where;
excited great alarm;
Tin: Law or Evio -?? Uth?ujrh ihn ra?y,toth?
ahtnitiated; ?ppeat .t 1 mis to be somewhat arbitrary 1B.i
scarcely just, it r->>?;.?:?! to ho bssntiful in it>.>]f, a'0.| !(J
!>.- fouudi d upon"ver> correot prim iples: but whatever may.
he thought of testi* ony, that of ??"mit s. hf;i Ctforkbfo
tj invariably deemed au thealic, heca 11 ?0 un>a*picnu*';?
Who. thecefore, can f r a inoinect doubt the sincerity ut'
tkc multitude who have beetirOpp?sed to Sherman's lo
kenges. but now are their stroueest advocates) Tbsj
have b en coiirinco.l of their great virtues Uy the msut
wonderful cures they have performed; When wecai
get a feW of Sherman's Lozenges end cure our cbugtuor
coh' -. our headaches and palpitations in :i very little nan
it ill becomes a- sutler or inlie with ourselves by rt,
-nrtiuc to asv other reim dy which lias uncertainty, lorn
character. !>.- Shnrmsn i? tVeouly man who ha^ontbi
to matte mcdii ine p ?? isant an 'stillincrease its etficai y;?Vi
ers co dowi.t, ein ious of hi* success, ?? til cuter the ti*?i?
but the public knew where they have-h eNiwelf:itrtti,
iind will n.it esre t?. be experimented on by such i?tor?;
pretenders. Dr. Sherman's 5ledicated Lozenge Wire,
bouse is at l( <; Nassau street, oe door above Ann. F*
agents, see advertisement; Dr Sherman'- wishes 4|
public to understand that lie it 1 no connection ??ithiht
-tore 159 Broad ?? aj .
Dm vet t ?? " -Did tin nu die eyer liud an article 1]^
has ink- u ?.i strong .-. hold on their lavoru? the Compete
Extract! f H irahottn ! Never The reason 1? obv?i,
?its benefits have beeu of such vast importance to u?
community thai it- fame ha- become universal. For?:i
complaints of the limes brought en by cold or expwire,
ilicre-is no remedy c*iual to it ex.inut Look for an it
sunt at tin-- variouse< rtificates and rccommcndatidii?fnai
all classes and quarters. It would require a sceptic u
.loubt. L t nl . ' ion, 1 i.iictc.l w ith colds go to J. ,t
S. 15 Dfvisio 1 st.
-?-jr??- ?
IV im tit- Boston Daily Mail.
O* TU? Tru 1 1 he 't's, Fold by S\r. Reeves in Brattle
Square, is without exception the best article for dresii?|
the hair, and preserving ;t. .-atural healtl and b*amy,
that we have e\ er ?>-.-?. It ma 1111 fact ired by Mr.Ttarr?,
1 ^1 r-i 11 who was for a loug time tie' inanufacturer oftti
originul Tricopherous, ate: is, without the least doubt; the
same article in every respect?-but 1- *"'.<\ i""r about hill
the prii '. l'crs< ns vs!..> have injured thsir hair by the
application of 01!. or by neglect; will had this article well
worthy of tin ir .-mention. (i) jlfl If
]ZT We n ivt-e those who w '-Ii to purch isc " Htadi of
Hair" to calt upou Mr. A. ?'. H.im, I I i Broadway,the
only individual who can imilatu nature Qu that depart?
ment} in this '???ii; try.
BowF.kv A.MriitTiiF.ATBE.?This place is goingQBSwiia
iiiiufiy. Full and fashionable audiences nightly sttsno
here. Last nijfht, Sweeny, the Banjo Ivttravajfanzist, J?
lighted his auditors with his peculiar melodies. A bill of
iiitusinl attraction isndvertised for to uightaiubraeingths
whole strength of the company, and the highly tshtiiteil
Rivers Pmuily. On Saturday afternoon next a day \>*r
form a nee for ih?- gratilicatiou ot" the juveniles will &<s
A.vt--.m. vn MusKCM.?A variety of popular perform
ances come ?ti !."r. every night this week, inclu ?ujfur
the lasi tiuio this season tin Indian Warriors and Squivi,
Hereafter there vviil be u d, j p< rformanceeverySatanhj
afternoon. This will bo an accomhfoduti?n to faoiilif,
and children.
XT- There is 110 mistake in the n-w remody wbkl
throws the l)>'-:inrs nil 111 the sh nln by curing cotiglii jdI
colds ofrevery variety. Ask for tho real Ilygeine Hor?
hound Candy of H. V. Howe; Broudwuy, curuorct"
Uo>ard >t.
Kowk's HVGEiNe HoAKie u.nu iTakoy.?A pleasautuJ
speedy cure forei iijths.sorn ihro3t,|nsa of voice, and ill
diseases -ire ing from cohl. Also of krnncliiiis. No ?1*
drugs in this preparati 11 which is no duulit tii^ best ra
tin' market bi oil- pnrfei tl\ bale, artJ at ihe same limee?
eacious. Broadway; corner oi '?e.vard.
TT S.ertin e l>y Hie L<earned lEInchsiiiilh
The Ninth Lecture < f the Brooklyn Ailieiimtiiii t'osrHfiJ
he ilelivered TlilS Crucsday) EVENING, at the Ckna
("horch t'leip I. I'acilic .treet, near the South Ferry bj
ELIHIJ BUR It IT I'. A..M the Lc trued Blai ksmidi.
Subjeui -Natural Philosophy pre* ioiis and nuxiliarjf '?>
the New l??i?u System. j 18 It'
XT Qxcttnn^?! l-yei-wiii?Mr. JuNKH k.n cm
seuted tornpent, on PIllDAY even in-; next, his Lfcton
on the Prop* r Use of I". I. . whii h -> deeply intertsjeJ
a large 1111111 ber nf -rr;on.'i rs .1- wi ll as 1 itisous, mi Hatnr
day evening last .t tie i \ hn'iige Lyceum,!tISBrotdwar,
['receding tho Lei ion .v.;. be hn ? k lil itnui, nfe* oftsi
iiuineroii 'spcei eim deposited at tho Lycount, far exM'
inatioe, exchange nud sale. Eoltowi ig it %illh? reiaarki
from tid.ri.; ClilVord, Esq. and several othergenUenieo.
Tickets ndmittii)|< Mcmhur* to all Me- meelitfi of tin
Lyceum foi ihe Season, also to Scientific DiscusdoB*d?r?
ingtho next stiinuior, 1 ?u.? Dollar; Tickcw fur a un'"
meeting I --. < eist <, tu h i u ..I ai i'j.: place of meetiBgi Ex?
change Lyci um, :?- Broadway, X. Y. jl3 4t
t ? 3, rein ith. (JEN KRAL SOCIETY OK MF.
( IIANH'S AM) TRAD1 SMEN.?On Tuesday eveniBf,
Jim. !- Pri fessor V rker will deliver a LectureonDigti
Hoc, :it the I.". tare lioctH of lie- Institution in (.'petty>t
at 7J o'clock; jl"1;
XT PliiI?<aopiiii nl lj?clurc*i nl Tlintoi
llnll.? On Krida) '-iiiui:. ihn ?!l*t Inst;, at CliaU*
IIhIi, at haif-pait 7 o'cli ck, will he given :i Free beet-.n
>i\ o.: Lectures introductory tn a Cotirao of Lectarei t>
bracing the general principles of Mechanics, th? Air.
Water,S?und, Electricity, Astronomy, Eloeutio/h Arcfc
leeturo, with Lectures iipoifCour>es > f R.e&ding^Trw|
aud Professions, Language, F> nalfl Eilucatir.u, cudW
Anericaa Scho Imaster, what he is and what lie sliw*
be. It is designed to show the practical use* of acio??fc
knowledge its a phraseology that all may understand.
Family Ticket t. the Course.&5 M
Sucht....2 00
Tu kel aimittinc a I -at'- man and two holies for
the evening....;..
Sincle Tick) t for the evening.^ -'
jl3 Iw* J N. BELI-OWS.
j XT A'rw-Vorli f^T^iTiu Ijeclurf?.?t-eeww
= te-inorrow vVcdue?day tveuiui: at the Broadway Tab*''
I naclc, at *? o'clo< k, by Hem ?'.Cumbrelleag,late ?.
? Minister .0 Russia.
I Subject?"ft utaia."
; Ticlteis admit iii2 a lady and ceuticmaaforthe rrtinui;
der of the Course, Two Dollars. For tingle Lecture, V
I Cfeiits?to be lud at r.'e: door Per orders
jls2t f. G FOIUJA.V, RecSet^
XT J. O. of if. The Members of EnUt?rJ<
i Lodge, X? j-e particularly requested to be pe^1*
in their attendsn e on TI EsDAV EVENING, JrfMff
1 the ISthi 1842 as hjuiness nf importance relative,!*!*!
i good tif the Onl' 1 will be piesented to tae Lodge.
jl7.2t' ISAAC TAYLOR, Seeretaif.
, J 7 Reel Un ir, and gray and white hair?dyel-^
1 splendid black without staining the -kin, by the Abodf>
nal Ihir Dye. No ? irr \\ ? . ?ison us d in this article-?
! It is moist exe'll ?-.-.r for whiski rs. Warrantedeerw?tf
the mouey is returned. Sold by he feilos ir.s agecu
H. F.. :ett. druggist Greenwich street, ob6.4*1
above Franklin . aad Moss, corner Grand aadC??*1
r-1-- 2. jiB?;
XJ' (Foiiiiort in diavi $ secured by ihr uae oft*???*
man|a Marie Strop ICS William st. j,?
F O ii O \ K-'MortTf i O NI? V !
XT Terms reduced from T>? 10
ACADEMY, Sc?l BROADWAY; opposite VVasWlf
Mr. GOLDSMITH, the Ameriean I'nrtvalled P?sf;
pledges himself to impart to the L ide ? and t?ecti*c''.
of New-York ai d Brooklyn his much admired Syst*9^
Mercantile and Epistolary
or return the money at thee.X| iration of the lese2'-.
Mr. G. na> obtained the
t irxt Premium o'b?'
three successive years for the best specimens of
Wriring exhibited at the Furs of the American I?-'u*
Rooms open during ir.e Day an ! Eveaing.
The Ladies will meet daily from il to 1 o'clock.
(J p in i o n s of 1 h e P r e ? a. .
.Mr. (J OLOSMiTil.?.) ; r i j Iroiu whst*e hsve ,^
must pronouHce him io be unrivalled ia the a'ep ^"
peu. (Boston MoroafJ^,
Mr. Gol *smith.?He i? ? tay unhesitatingr/*?.*
accomp?sktd olf hand Penman we have ever fe**t .
[New-York E'^f Sv
New York. Jaw. 15, l:o"2. J1'

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