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TUESi; v > Oi.MT!0'*, A' Gl S I 1G. 1842. U trnlrtil Clay C? ttitnitte*.?'1 be Delegate: t*? 11 1* CMMfttHtC*Hf* eqUc?tr it. 111. f on i ... * ilU) BWf n.ie? ltiMi Ab. um, at 8 o'clock, m? tbe ? umiidttec it'om. Na? tional Kall fty order, t.ON RAI? SWEET, Ja.mi.s E. Be?.rs, Secretary, a 15 a Ctuurcun pio leru. TT The (.rut National Annual Fair of the Ameri? can Institute Will ,.pei? at Nitdn'stiardtnOitober lOtb, 1842 *l he 7tu ?tut 8th are receiving days. Notice* irom Exhi' bi.ois already iudicata aii imnirw?e iii?pl?y. TT W. M. R. of Erie, ???. is informed that ihe article tc which he adudes fn?t appeared in the American of this city. We know nothing farther. _ H7"* A Loc Cabin Acquaintance' is requeued to give ui his name, and stale any fact* establishing the imputation; he make?or> individual character. Anonymous charges uc not deserve attention. (Ef* For a Letter from Saratoga?anoth? er from Henry Clay?a third from Auburn ?Benton on a TarifF in 1824, and an Asso? ciation Article, see First Page. frjr"For the Flight of the Indian Maid by YV. H. C. Hosmer?Death ef Washing ton, and a Temperance Address, by H Greeley, see Last Page. From Wawlaington. Private advices from the host sources* by this morning's Mail give hopes, and hopes only, tha a Tariff bill based upon Mr. Simmons's will b< taken up and passed at this Session. It will pre bably include a postponement, but never a surren der, of the Land Distribution. A decided ma jority of the Whigs are in favor of doing some thing of the sort; but a few believe that nothini more can be done with usefulness, or honor. Ii is morally certain that suck a bill as we have in dicated would pass the Senate. It is not probable that the Senate fixed the daj of adjournment yesterday. A Postscript to a private letter from a Membci of Congress says: "J.L. White hers received full returns fron Indiana. We have the Legislature." We give this us it reaches us, but greatly feai that it will not be sustained by the final returns. KJ* We hope to receive Mr. Adams's Rspori on the Last Veto at midnight, so that it maj appear in to-morrow's paper. Every thin? else must give way to it. Extra copies will be for salt soon after its receipt, whether to-morrow or the next morning. K^The Legislature ok New York meets in Kxlta Session to-morrow, to District the State for the choice of Members of Congress, and perhaps to transact other business. A powerful effort will be made to procure Appropriation? f*r pronecu lingour suspended Works of Internal Improve? ment?wo shall see with what success. Gov. Seward wili transmit a Message to borh Houses to-day?we presume a brief one?but of course not so brief us to exclude a recommendation that the Legislnture take the back track on the sub? ject of Improvements. We fear such counsels, however wise and salutary, will have little influ? ence with our present Legislature. The primary business of the Session?to wit, the Congressional Districting?has been handed over by ..the Speaker to a Committee, who have already blooked our. the State, giving the Whigs 10 Districts, securing 20 to the Leco-Focos, and leaving us a smell at the odd 4 ! Here's states? manship for you.' The five lower Wards of this City foim one District, while the XII 1th is pur on as a binder upon Ki"gs and Richmond. We do not think anv such bill will become a law. Mr. Clay and democracy. There are> a great many vveil-miariing persons in the country who have ixibibed the idea that, somehow or other, Henry Clay has ceased to be a D-.nocrar. They know well that he once was the leader anil ?.hief of the Democratic ho~r?fore? most in counci'. in conflict, und in tbe hearts of the masses. ' Bur. he ha- changed,1 say they ; ' he has desencd the Democratic party.' Bur when? where? how? W? press these qnestions home on his adversaries, and receive a hundred discordant answers, whi -h plainly nullify and destroy each other. ? Oh, ir was wh SB he turned in favor of a Nhtional Bank,' savs on-.-. But this change was made, not merely in obedience to the dictates of a severe National experience, but in company with the great ?nass of the Democratic party. When Mr. Clay opposed the rechnrter of the first Bank in 1811, he acted with the Democratic. party ; when he advocated the creation of iho second Bank, he had the same good company. The creation of that Bank was tbe work of James Madison, Wm. H. Crawford, John C. Calhous, John For syth, and two-thirds of the Democrats in Con? gress, opposed by two-thirds of the Federalists." The argument that would prove Mr. Clay a deser? ter from Democracy in supporting a Bank proves that James Madison and the supporters of his Administration through the War all turned Feder? alists at its close, whilo Timothy Pickering. Ru fus King and their associates as suddenly became Democrats ! This will hardly answer. But The Morning Post (lite New Era) of yes terday. discarding all the old hypotheses to prove Mr. Clay a Federalist, strikes out a new path. It admits, what it would be rather silly to deny, that Mr. Clay was once a first-rate Democrat, and that '* tho eye of the Nation was fixed upon bins as a man of surpassing ability and lofty enthusi? asm," but it continues: " In a little while he tell nwnv from his rtr.-t love to tbe broad interests of tbe many He became tbe advocate of particular classes, the originator of special projects, the author of a system?an Amtrieetm system, It was called, but a narrow, exclusive, despicable system in reality. From that fall Mr. Clay has never recovered.', So, then, we discover at last " that it was iu advocating Protection to American Industry that Mr. Clay become a Federalist! Instead of having been a Democrat for the greater part of his life, as every body has been blindly suppos? ing, Mr. Clay's 4 fall' appears to have been nearly as early in life as Adam's. His first great speech in advocacy of Protection was made in 1809, thirty-three years ago, and just after his entrance upon the stage of public life. How much earlier his delinquency commenced, we cannot say ; but it is very certain that his 1 fall' from Democracy to Federalism, according to the Post's notion, took place before he was elected Speaker of a Democra? tic Congtess by the votes of the Democratic Mem? bers?a station to which he was reflected by over? whelming Democratic votes up to 1823 ! And all this time Mr. Clay continued an ardent, conspicu? ous advocato of the Protective Policy, a loved and honored champion of Democratic Administrations, and not a soul was shrewd enough to discover or suspect that he had had a ' fair and turned Fed? eralist .' But then it must be considered, in palliation of the extraordinary blindness of tho whole world, that the circumstances of Mr. Clay's * fall' wera very bewildering. It was not a solitary precipita? tion ; as in the Bank case, he fell from Democracy in company with the Democratic party ! Before ho took ground in favor of the Protective Policy, its adoption had been urged by Thomas Jeffer? son, Gkoroe Clinton. Daniel D. To.vpki.ss, and men of their mamp all over the Country.? Mr. Jefferson in 1800 contemplated just such a 1 state of things es now exists with regard to the Tariff and the Public Lands. " Shall we sup press the impost" says be, " and thus give advan? tage to the Fortign over the Domestic Manufac < turer?" This question the Post's sort of De , mocracy answers in the affirmative, but Mr Jkf Ft-nsox's answered it in the negative, recommeud ing that the Proceeds of the Public Lands be di ? vided among the State?, for purposes of Internal Improvement, &c., while the Federal Revenue t should be raised from imposts alone. The Tost ? ought to apprise its readers that its Democracy is .mother sort from that of Jefferson, Madison, and J such old-fashioned people, or it will lead them into ' sad blunders. But not merely was Mr. Clav, in his ' fall' into Federalism through his advocacy of the Pro 1 tective Policy, accompanied by the great mass of ' the elder Democrats, such as the Dallases. Dick orsons, Calhoun, Snyder, Baldwin, &c., while it ? was opposed by nearly all the Federalist*, who " advocated what they mistakenly believed the com ' mercial interest of the Country, but it was sup? ported by our own peculiar Democrats more es? pecially. The Tariff of 18*24 was supported by r Van Buren and Benton; that of 1828 (the most 1 Protective ever established) by Van Buren and J Silas Wright, with nearly every one of their - Northern allies in the lower House. How in the - world is it that to favor Protection causes Mr. - Clay to ' fall ' into Federalism while it leaves - Mr. Van Buren and his set standing high and dry I on Democracy ? Will the Post explain ? 03^ The City Convention of Delegates from the several Wards, to choose Thirteen Delegates to the Whig State Nominating Convention at Syra? cuse, last evening elected the following : . J. PHILLIPS PHOSNTX, PHILIP HONE. r THOMAS McKLRATH, ROBERT SMITH, RICHARD S. WILLIAMS, MORGAN MORGANS, Ja EDWARD MINTLTRN. SAMUEL KIP. I GILES M. HILLYER. JACOB ACKER. FREDERICK PENT/,. JOHN C. HAMILTON, DAVID R. DOREMUS. r -"? ITIore Pont Office Profligacy?Pnrchaae of BOUaiUBnga. Tne never-ending catalogue ofLoco-Foco cor? ruptions receives an addition from the Report of the Committee on Public Expenditures made in ? the House of Representatives on thu 4th inst., by Hon. A. L. Linn, Chairman of that Committee. He exposes particularly the disgraceful profligacy which has marked the contracts for furnishing mail-bags to the Department, showing that econo? my and the wants of the Department have been utterly disregarded and respect had only to par tizan claims on the Executive fuvor. Full nta t.istical tables are given, from which we make up the following summary of the sums paid for mail bags during each year from 1831 to f841 inclusive, four years excepted, the accounts for which were burned: 1831.$8,39:: 1338.$44.698 1832 . 5,-550 1839. 36.929 183G.14,386 1840. 40,761? 1837 .58,506 1841. 19,474 Aggregate.$228,700 One instance in exposition of the manner of dis? tributing this official patronage is worthy especial note. It nppears from the tables that Moses Jowett of Columbus, O., for several years prior to 1840. had enjoyed the patronage with unlimited orders as to quantity, and without, competition a* to prices. He became rapidly rich?as of course be must w?th the whole fit Id of plunder thus open to him. He was of cuurse a valiant Loco-Foco? fighting the battles of Van Buren like a sturdy and liege subject, ns he was. He was not only ready and willing to make all the bugs the Department toantcd?but was moreover zealous t<? enable them I to keen a large surplus on hand: for on the 23 d May, 1840. he had mnde 4000 more bags than were want? ed, and received $65,000 for them ! It is probable ?hat at this point the party thought, ihey had paid enough to secure Mr. Jewett's devotion for all time to come : for under date of March 16, 1839, the Committee publish a letter, signed by twenty-nine Foco-Foce members of the Ohio Legislature, addressed tn Mr. Van Bur^n recommending to his favorable consideration Mr. Andrew K. Patter? son of Delatyare, .in the following rather exttaor dinary term?:? " Mr. Patterson is a respectable mechanic) and, d.i.ing his residence in Delaware, he has established a favorable repu? tation with the Democracy of Ohio?always at his post, actively engaged in promoting the interests of the noble cause in which his services have always hern employed?itopping at no sacrifice that would secure success. " A hone thai some favorable situation tni^hi be provided for tun), that would relieve his pecuniary embarrassments, and enable him to continue among us, lias induced his friends to present his name in your nttention. believing that few. persona are more heartily entitled to Executive fuvor than Mr. Patterson." One of the signers of this letter. Mr. B. F. Allen, addresses another letter under the same date to the President, (neither of the letters was addressed to the Head of Department as it should have been,but directly to the President.) urging upon his consideration the claims of Mr. Pat? terson, who had " placed himself at the head of the little patriotic band of Democrats," and " in curred much expense as well as sacrifice of busi? ness" in " diminishing the Federal majority to a mere nominal vote." It was hoped that some place might ''be selected for him that will enable him to extricate himself from embarrassment that has been occasioned by the burden that a political leader is so frequently subjected to." It seems that Mr. Jewett in some way became aware of these efforts in behalf of Mr. Patterson, and was very naturally suspicious that his own snug berth would 1h? sacrificed to the claims of his rival: for he is suddenly seized with an ex? cessive spirit of economy, and offers to make the bags 25 per cent, cheaper than the price he has heretofore received. But neither this oiler, nor the fact that the Department had already on hand $65,000 worth of bags more than it could find use for, was of any avail: under date of May 23. 1840, an order issues to this effect: "Engage Andrew H. Patterson to nrnke mail bags, at Co? lumbus, Ohio, in lieu of Moses Jewett"?Mr. P. having magnanimously offered to furnish them at 5 per cent, reduction on the price thus far paid. So he went on making mail bags; for which the Department had no possible use, and at a price 20 per cent, higher than the same work had been .-tiered at, for the sole purpose, avowed by his profligate patrons, of extricating himself from pecuniary embarrassment! Is it any wonder, that, with such corrupt management as this in a single branch, the Post Office Department should ran in debt $220.000 in a single year? (TJ* At tho late Loco-Foco Ward Meeting in the Seventh Ward, Mr. Jonathan D. Stevenson, who appears to be among the most honored and trusted of his party, was duly appointed a member of the Committee on Resolutions, which reported a lot. abusing the Whigs for profiigacy, corruption, and waste of the Public Moneys, and glorified our op? ponents for purity, economy, &c. The meeting I swallowed both resolutions and author, 'just as easy.' Rather rich, is n't it? DjF* The TttVJE Whig is the title of a new pa? per just started at Gothen, N. Y. It is well filled with excellent mattpr, is neatly printed and like every other true Wkig in the land goes heart and hand for HENRY CLAY for our next President. Tbe Next Cabinet. Wc have devoted very little mom to giving the j rumors of changes in the Cabinet, thoagh they chase each other over the country like the shadows of evening. It seems to be generally agreed that Messrs. Webster, Forward and (most of the report- add) Spescer will retire either before or immediately upon the adjournment of Congress, and that their places will be supplied by thorough Tvler men or Loco-Focos. Andrew Steves? sos, of Va Caleb C?shing of Mass. and es Goverrinr MaRCT of this SratP, are currently de? signated to replace the incumbents. One account states that Mr. ?PSH?R will leave the Navy De? part inent also, taking the Embassy to France, and that Mr. Cushing will fill bis place. Another as? signs to Mr. Forward the Philadelphia Custom House, but we do n't believe he would take it, in place of Jonathan Roberts, under the existing cir? cumstances. A more probable rumor is. that Jus? tice Thompson is about to resign his seat on the bench of the Supreme Court, and that it will be tendered to Mr. Spencer. We have private ad? vices from Philadelphia that the appointment of Gov. Porter to a place in the Cabinet is there expected by the knowing ones; that Thomas S. Smith (a respectable old merchant.) is to be Col? lector of that Port, and that J. W. Ttson is to have a prominent position in consequence. A Washington rumor assigns the War Department to Mr. Proffitt of Indiana, but that is incredible. A Story of Crime and Wo. Six years ago a wealthy and influential widower of forty-five named Dr. McC-, of Chelsea, Vt., hired an amiable and beautiful girl of eighteen named Mary T-to assume the care of his children and household. A few months after, they were seen to ride away together, and in the next Woodstock paper, appeared an announcement that they hud been married at that plucc, by an Episco? pal clergyman. They returned as man and wife, and have so lived until ? short time since, when Dr. McC-dismissed the unfortunate woman from his house, alleging that they had nevci been married ! Whether she had been utterly deceived by a sham marriage, or had consented to a deceit in order to save herself from inevitable shame, can? not now be usccrltiined. The poor victim, driven in disgruGcfrom the house in which she hud so long been regarded as a virtu? ous wife, and thus rendered an outcast from society, durcd not return to her relatives; she went else? where and procured employment; but the fingerol scorn was pointed at hei-, and in whatever com pany she found herself alor.c?fallen, loathed and shunned. She could not endure this; and returned at length by night to the house of her destroyer and begged piteously for. shelter und protection, declaring that she had wundered long without food and was starving. At length the door was opened to her, from a drend of attracting the attention ?I the neighborhood. She was fed and turned away, J with strict orders never to show herself there again. She left: but where could she go ? All day she wandered in the woods and ledge* adjacent; and in the night, faint and shivering, she crept buck tc the only place where she could justly daim protec? tion, and cried for a homo. She was repelled: hut the. nwise aroused neighbors, who insisted thai she should ho allowed a shelter, it was agreed that she might stay that night, but should leavp in tite morning, a neighbor agreeing to takcherto het neurest relatives. ' I will go if alive.'was the mil) promise that could be extorted from her. She went to her room and tho next morning was found in it-dead ! Deserted, loathed, despairing, with OH t a friend or a hope in the world, the wretched victim had committed suicide! KJ* Arid yet the world will go on, punishing tin starving thief with rigor, and leuving the wanton, deliberate, calculating destroyer of female inno cence And of the pence and happiness of families utterly untouched and uncensured by its laws!? How horrible the profanvtion of the name ol Justice.' 5?airne?aof the IVentral Pres?. From the Journal -f Commerce of yesterday. " It' the [Tariff] hill ever reach the President, in the form pro;>oseU [with the Distribution strichen out 2nd giv? en up.l its fate is, at best uncertain. But the bill will nevei reach him. It rcus framed only to be vetoed. It is not tutl a bill as Congress would hive passed if they- supposed that ii would go into operation." From The Sun of yesterday. "Its usefulness, JspjMking of the Veto power,] as a safe? guard a^uin.xt bad legislation for<ji: its be?t recommenda? tion ; and in i>rooi of tins we need only refer to the late vein of President Tyler, where a corrupt attempt on the part oj Congress tocarry through an iniquitous measure,hy saddling it on to a revenue bill, was effectually checked." The''iniquitous measure" here meant is the Lund Distribution, which .lohn Tyler himself re? commended. With duties at 20 per cent, it is fair.statestnanli Ice and beneficent; but with duties at 22 per rent, it is an " iniquitous measure ", and the effort to pass ita "corrupt, attempt." And while one of these beautiful neutrals abuses the Whigs in Congress for thus corruptly attempting to sus? tain the Land Distribution, the other asserts that they meant nothing of the sort, and onlv passed the bill to have it vetoed ! And thus the Whigs tue accused by these two impartial $ ournals of not only doing wrong every way. but of deliberately intending to do wrong?of meditating sham legis? lation, villany and fraud ! And these papers are extensively patronized by Whigs, who aid daily to brand themselves villaius and disseminate a cor? responding impression throughout the land ! Can such men wonder if they are taken for what they thus aid in proclaiming themselves ? OCT" ?* We 're all Locos here," was the replv made on Wednesday to u canvasser for 1 The Union.' " Oh, the Major's Loco note," wa* the canvasser's earnest reply. It did n't take, and it won't take. We have no opinion of the honesty of Tammany, but a good deal of its sagacity ; and if the Major's ' men in buckram suits * are taken in otherwise than as the humblest sort of camp-fol? lowers, we shall consider the old lady in her dotage. In Philadelphia, where the Tyler dozen are beg? ging and whining like babies for admission into the Loco fold, they are very quietly told to take their place modestly at the foot of the class, and be careful not to give themselves any aits. We believe they have been permitted to vote the Loco ticket if they will be very still about it. K~T C. Edwards Lester, United States Con? sul to Genoa, sails this day for the Mediterranean. He requests his friends and correspondents, to di? rect all their communications to him?C. Edwards Lester, U. S. Consulate, Genoa, care of E. D. Hurlbut st Co., 84 South-street, New-York. N. B.?It will be necessary for the Postage on ill communications to be paid to New-York. [CP The barn of Jonathan Wheeler, at New Lebanon, was struck by lightning and destroyed with its contents on the 12th inst. IJJ3 There was a sharp frost in some parts of! Chnutauquc County on the morning of the 1st inst. j New Esterprise.?A company has been or? gunized in Indiana, to construct a canal from Fort Wayne, on the W&bash, to Elkhart, on the St. j Joseph?a distance of sixty miles?to be called I the Erie ami Michigan Canal. This would open a water communication betwe sn Lakes Erie and Michigan, by way uf the St, Joseph and Maurnee \ River* [Ruch. Dem. " Tyler Associations." "At the instance of James Kelly. Esq., the Democratic Young Men of the several wards are organizing " Tyler Associations" for the purpose of unitedly sustaining tue President in the republican measures of bis anrainistrauon. ? * ? # ? * * * * " This course has been adop:ed by the Democracy on _ac I countef the bitter hostility, dartd tn be aiekpeadent, ana to 1 refuse his assent to malevolence and abuse Uvished upon I tbe President by the leaders and oracles of the Whigs, oe cause he has measures which he heiieved to be mjunoas to the best interests o: the nation." To the Editon of The Tribune . The above is from the Standard of the 15th inst., and is no doubt an effusion of tbe veritable James Kelly, Esquire, himself, and no body else. It may not be amiss to say that James Kelly. Esquire, whilom assistant door-keeper to the Board of Assistant Aldermen of this city ander Wh:<r appointment-?subsequently, and new, as? sistant clerk to the Conrt of Sessions, which office h? obtained by his pertinacity in tbe Whig cause, bv endeavoring to show that the " Erina Asso? ciation"' was a body of adopted citizens, large in numbers, and entirely under his control in all matters of politics. Mr. James Kelly, Esquire. is for an office at all hazards, but that his pre? sumption should lead him to aim at the Collector ship of the port of New York, " ?ut-Herod's Herod.'' We do know that " his instance" could not influence one single young man of intelligence' in the city of New York, especially if he had any respect for his own ability. The latter part of the quotation above, is a fair specimen of Mr. James Kelly, Esquire's knowledge of bis own vernacular. Commentis unnecessary, but it is a pity to sec the press so accessible to demagogues of the emptiest character. Common Sense. Abolitionists.?We leuru fro n die Nuw-Bed ford Bulletin that the Abolitionists attempted to hold a meeting in the Town Hall in that place on Tuesday evening, hut were compelled to adjourn it without transacting any business, as the house was fdled by a mob, who, by their ''screeching, yelling, howling, groaning, hissing, stamping, shouting, squeaking, hustling, bellowing, blas? pheming, and barnyard imitations," prevented the speakers from being heard. [Boston Post. Quick Traveling.?The travel from 1'coria, Illinois, to Burlington, Iowa, a distance of 90 miles aud upwards, is now made by a line of coaches in one day, and that by daylight, at a co?t not exceeding three or four cents per mile. The Wheeling Gazette states that the lines of rdages on the National Knud commenced running in violent opposition on \londay afternoon. Pas? sengers wore receipted for all the wuy through from Wheeling to Baltimore for $5. Yellow Fever in New-Orleans.?The Morn? ing Advertiser of the 5th instant says: " Curiosity prompted us yesterday to pay a visit to the Char? ity Hospital, as wc wished to ascertain what ef? fect the latf* strange chatige in the weather has had on tbe health of the city?and this institution is generally a true index of it. We there saw the tirsl well marked case of yellow fever that has ap peared this season. It was not **( a very malig? nant character, avd was rapidly giving way before the judicious treiiimcn?. -?-od for it." A Dreadful Death.?The death of Warner at Orwigsburg, says the Miners' Journal, wa caused by a laborer, who saw the train approach tng, and by error turned the switch the wronr way. The deceased was thrown forward, the can turned off the road, fell upon him and he wa: killed instantly. He has left a wife and six child rep. The cars and locomotive were damaged tc the extent of $'200 or $300. ' Melancholy Accident-?On Wednesday weel a boy and girl, children of Mr. Albert Pickert, ? this place, while sailing in a small skiff on the ri ver abovtf the rapids, were drawn into the cunent and before assistance could reach them were car t ied over the dam. The bout upset, and the litth girl was drowned. [Mohawk Courier. Wkeat Crot.?We regret to stute that th< wheat crop in this region i* not as good as it pro mist-d to be. Upon harvesting it is fuiind to havt been injured by the rust. The late wheat is ver1 badly hurt?the very early, but little. [Milwaukee Courier. The Wheat Crop.?Notwithstanding the low price thai out farmers have received for whea: the past two years, and the poor prospect for t better market this year, there is, it is believed, ai least one-third more wheat raised this season ir this vicinity than any year previous. Hard time? cannot check the industry of the fnrmers. [Niles (Mich.) Republican. Wheat.?In this State we observe wheat now brings 95 cents at Cleveland. GO cents at Zanes ville, and from 45 to 50 at Cincinnati. [Cin. Chron. Forty Snakes is* obe Body.?Mr. Theophi lus Bassen killed a large sniper! or garter snake in Hamden, on Thursday last, from wlio^o body he took thirtv-nine voting ones, which he exhibited in our office this morning. The old one wru about three feel long. [New-Haven Herald. An Example Worthy ok Imitation.?In the " fresfc," which lately overflowed and devastated a large portion of the Roannke country, not only the growinir crops were utterly swept away, but large quantities of old corn were destroyed in the barns, carrying distress to all around. The immediate effect was to increase the prise of thatnrlicki from two dollars a barrel, at which it had been selling, to u?n dollars. At this period of gloom, a wealthy planter ou the Roanoke, perceiving that some men were disposed to extort upon the people, promptly ordered three thousand, barrels of corn to his factor in Httlifax, with positive instructions not to permit it to become a subject of speculation, but to sell it out in such parcels as the demands of the people? might require, at three dollars a barrel; two dol? lars ami fifty cents to be paid to him, the plantet, and the balance to be retained by the merchant, as a commission for his trouble. The consequence of this generous act, as may be readilv supposed, was to restore comfort and diffuse joy among the depressed population. [Norfolk Beacon. ZT The senior oditor of the Patriot, in compar ny with six of the best practical farmers of Merri mack, spent three days last week in visiting farms of six of the towns of the north part of the county traveling en foot in the examination of farms from six to ten milos each dav. The number of acres of wheat in the towns of Boscawen, Northfield. Canterbury and London in any one year was probabl/ never as great as this year; the crop, if nothing prevents its safe in? gathering, will average nearly twenty bushels to the acre. These towns will be but poor custom? ers for Genesee flour in the year to come. Indian corn has been extensively injured by the cut worm : but there are many fine fields. Up to tbe time of the late wet weather potatoes looked verv flour? ishing; we have heard of the blast commencing on some low lands. [Hill's N. H. Pat ? ITJ^'' The Democratic Review speaks highly of Clay," said a Whig to a Democrat this morning. " tes," said the Democrat, "we do justice to your great men, but you do n't act so to ours." " Oh y es," said the Whig, " we would do justice to your great man. T. W.~Dorr. if we could only catch him. The difficulty is to find your great 5ncn-" [Scw-Haven'Herald. [Cf* Has the Vice Chancellor of tbe First Cir? cuit no power over the newspaper report of the case* ia his Court, especially in relation to the publication of the disgusting and demoralizing de? tails of testimony in the divorce trials? [Albany Argu*. KF* The New Haven Palladium states that Professor Kingsley has called on tbem to say. that the circumstance of the finding of the pocket-book of his son, creates no new anxiety :n regard te bis death, inasmuch as he was aware of the fact that the deceased, while in a hotel in Rochester about a month before he was drowned, had his pocket book picket from him. j Whig Stale Coarra;ion. Tli." Democratic Whigs of Ne w-Jersey are hereby ic- | vited to meet in Convrmion *t Treotoa on Wednewlay. uie IRn ot" September, a; 10 o'clock. A. M-. to take such mea? sures as may be defui*?l advisable to secure A Protective Tariff"; ?? *? . A Dtstribotioo of the Proceeds of tbe Public Lands; The sapreraacv of the laws of the Union against *n?'li cation in New-Jersey, now threatened by ihe party which trampled on h?r broad seal and defied her soverj tgnty; To defeat the coalition between an accidental President and a condemned majority, formed for tbe express porpose of seizing the reins of Government and thwarting the wm i?f the great Democratic majority of more than l fc>,uw' American citizens: ._ To assert the right of that great Democratic majority lo rule in a nation of freemen; $ r To consider the pmprietv of nominating a candidate tor the Presidencj'-a man who wiU not betray us, but who will administer the Government in accordance v. ui> tne ProDle's will, and upon those principles-ot policy and ju tice\vhicb lave al?avs secured national prosperity, and the abandonment of which, now as at all nme>. involve* tbe country in confusion, dtstress and dismay. We request tbe Whigs in everv part ot tbe Mate imme? diately to make arrangements to attend ibis Convention in person or bv their Delegates. ^ "JAMES WILSON, ] _ RAuPH H. SHREVE, I Male Centra! JAMES M. REDMOND. I Committee. JAMES T. SHERMAN,] Hail Storm.?A severe hail storm, accompa? nied by thunder and lightning, passed over Scriven County, in the vicinity of Paris, on the evening ot the 9th instant. The'cloud rosejo the north-east about half past six o'clock in the evening, and the rain and hail, which commenced to fall at seven, continued till half part eight o'clock. Much in? jury, it is feared, has been done to the cotton crops in that section, the extent of which is not yet accurately known. The hail stones were as jar?e as birds' eggs, and what was a singular phe? nomenon, they appeared, when oxhibited in the light of the fire, to be of a deep transparent blue color. It is difficult to say whether this was oc? casioned by the concentrated rajs of light or whether it was the natural appearance of the hail. [Savannah Republican. Wesleyan University, Middletown, Conn. The commencement took place on the 3d instant. Kcv. EL BushueM, of Hartfotd, and Elihu Butritt, Esq. delivered addresses before the literary socie? ties. The degree of A. B was coaferred on 33 graduates. The degree of P. D. was conferred upon Rev E ?ert?n Ryerson. of Cunudu, and Rev. H. Bushttcll, of Hartford, Conn. The Economy and Honesty of Van Burks's Administration.? It appears that the Post Of? fice Department bus now on hand $63.000 worth of mail bags more than it has occasion for. They are the remains of a lucrative job given to tt parti? san for political purposes.?[/VttV. N. A. KJ5 The barn of Dr. A. J. Street, on Deer Creek, in Hnrford County, Md , together with about 1000 bushels of wheat, twenty tons of hay, his carriage and several sets of harness, was des? troyed by lightning during the gust on Wednesday evening last. The loss is said to be not less than $3,000. _ (CF3 We learn from the country that the 1 worm' is snaking, oi has made, great ravages am*ng the whuat. Entire fields are lost. This little insect causes greater distress and injury than one could >uppose a thing so insignificunt could elVect. Whe*t in town now in much smaller quantities than formerly, in consequence of ihn ravages ol this insect. The French Canadian has been conv pelted to have recourse to oatmeal as food, not being able to raise wheat?and he feels the do privation of bread as a most serious matter i However, so long as tin; worm spares oats, unc barley, and rye, and Indian corn. Jean Baptist! i will not have a very heavy complaint to make. [Montreal Messenger. 0^ The proprietors of the St. Charles Hole f pay between eight and nine hundred dollars a yeai ? f.o the Comruerciai Bank for the water used ii , their establishment. We thought the Astor Housi ? at New-York paid an cnormotis sum when it wai t stated that the Croton watet cost that establish ment live hundred dollars per annum ; but our ho tcls go ahead. [N. 0. Picayune. ?3~ On Wednesday night last, the Bagging Fuc tory of Messrs. Lawsan & Eardman, two anil t ' half raiies from the city, was consumed by fire. Th< fire y/as the work of an incendiary. A negro boy wo learn, was attested on fhs following mornim and confessed the deed, assigning no other niotivt I than the desire of seeing the flamvs. We havt ? not heard the extent of the loss. [Lex. Int. The way to duild cp a Republic.?Ohio, though not half a century old. has more collegiate institutions than any other State in the Union.? Miami University at Oxford, founded in 1809, is the parent institution, and for twelve years was the only one in the State; nest came the Univer si'y of Ohio, at Athens, 1821, thon followed Franklin College at New Athens, Western Re? serve College at Hudson, Kenyon College at Gambier. Granville College at Grnnville, Ma? rietta College at Marietta, Oberlin Institute at Oherltn. Cincinnati College, and Woodward Col? lege at Cincinnati, and still another is ubout to be established at Delaware, 23 miles north of Co? lumbus. This js within one of us many as there are in all New-Engiand. tior has this State been attentive to establishing those higher Seminaries merely. Thpre are about 80 Academies and Grammar Schnols with nearly n.000 students, and 5.20? Primary and Common Sc hools, com? prising about ??Q?O'.} pupils, of whom 52,000 are educated at public charge. TJbis rh? way to 1 train up an active and intelligent population, who shall give a high and noble character to the State, t;nd make its name famous and respected through? out the hind. Pleasures oe Memory.?Processor })riUon, the able editor of Blackwood's Magazine, allud? ing to Samuel Rogers as a poet, says: " Thei? is the Pleasures of Memory?an ele | gant, graceful, beautiful, pensive and pathetic I poen;, which it does one's eyes good to gaze on? I one's ears gooX to Jigten to?one's very fingers j good to touch, so smooth aro the yersilication and j the wire-wove paper. Never will the pleasure; of Memory be forgutten till the world is in its dotage. But is it a gieat Poem ? About as much as an ant-hill, prettily grass-grown and leaf-strewn, is a mountain, purple with heather and golden with woods. It is a symmetrical erectio*; in the shape of a cone, and the apex points heaventi-sjd; but 'tis not a sky-pb-i cer.? j You take it at a hop, und pursue ; our journey, j \et it endures. For the rains and dews, and the airs and the sunshine, love the fairy knoil, and there it greens and blossoms delicately and de? lightfully; you hardly know whether a* work of art or a work of nature." Burke.?The excursions of his genius are im mense. His imperial mind has laid all nature under tribute, and has collected riches from every scene ?f the creation and every work of art. His eulo gium on the Queen of France is a masterpiece of pathetic composition; so select are its images, so fraught with tenderness, and so rich with colors 1 dipped in heaven,' :&at he who cen read it with? out rapture may have merit its a reosoner. and may resign all pretensions to taste and sensibility. His imagination is, in truth, onlv too prolific ; a world of itself, where be dwells in midst of chim? erical alarms, is the dupe of his own enchantments, and start*, like Prospero, at the spectres of his j own creation. His intellectual views in general, however, arc wide and variegated, rather than distinct; and the light he has let in on the British j constitution in particular, resembles colored efful- ! gcr.ee of a tainted medium, a kind of mimic twi- I light, solemn and sootning tu ihe senses, but bet- i ter fitted for ornament than use. Robert Kali. ?CP The New-Orieans Picayune of the Gth an? nounces tho arrival of the famous Captaiu Elliott, renowned for his contents with long-tailed Com? missioner Lin atd cunning Commissioner Kwhen, in the war with China. He landed or. the 15th at New-Orleans, being on bis wav to Texas where 1? was appointed consul-general some time ago. Tbe steamer Cleopatra broke her shaft on Saturday afternoon, and. was obliged to return to the city. Her passengers were transferred to the New Champion. BY THIS M URNING'3 MAIL. The Turiff- Mr. Webster. Special Correspondence. Washington, Aug. 13, In my last letter I stated my belief that our friends in Congress would yet pass some sort of Revenue or Tariff Law, notwithstanding- all ob? stacles and discouragements. Since that time there has been much and anxious interchange of sentiment upon the subject here, and, though many have entertained and urged a strong desire to ad? journ and go home, leaving Capt. Tyler to devise the best mode he may for supplying the means of carrying on the Government, yet I think that with every day's delay the probability increases that such a result as I suggested in my last letter will take place. Two or three meetings of the Whigs in Congress have since that time been held. Last aight, at a full meeting of the Whigs of both Houses, held in the Senate Chamber, a long, full and calm interchange of sentiment took place, and vatious plans of extricating the country from its perilous and distressing condition were anxiously considered. I do not deem it necessary t? state in detail the doings of that meeting, even so far as they have come to my knowledge; but Ute result of the dis? cussion and of the balloting, shows plainly that a large majority are in favor of making anodter effort. The plan which I suggested in my last that of Mr. Simmons?was advocated by Mr. Tallmadge (always a safe and sagacious guide) and many others. That of passing the bill last vetoed without the 27th section (the land provision) has also many friends, but there is no certainty, nor, in my view, probability that even that would not be vetoed, [ndeed. many anticipate such a fate for the 20 per cent, bill, if passe?!. My belief still is?though many think otherwise?that a bill will be passed, and that speedily. The meeting of Saturday night adjourned till Monday night. I wilt endeavor to apprise you of the result. The Klectieus. B33 At Naavoo, Ford, Loco, had for Governor 1,037 votes; Duncan, Whig, six '. The Louisville Journal says the Relief men will have a large force in the Kentucky Legislature, but probably not a majority in favor of any par* ticular plan. Th? Whig majority is reduced by the Relief question, but is still abundant. In Missouri, the Whigs have elected their Rep? resentatives in Marion, Pike, Clark, Rails and Cab loway, and the Loco-Focos in St. Charles, War? ren and Lincoln. Ihc Representatives elected from the two latter counties, although J.oco-Foeo*. are in favor of districting the Slate. Correspondence of the Baltimore American. Bedford Springs, August 11,1842. The number of visiters here of course fluctuates ?a few days ngo it was up to 100; it is now per? haps ISO. The Hon. ?/lr. Forward, Secretary of the Treasury, is here, and has manifestly im? proved in health. His Excellency Gov. Pouter, is also here. The Hon. H. A. W;se was here a few days ago, on a transient visit,having accompa? nied his wife, who remains here. The rjon. Judges Pcrviance and Stehhess, of Maryland, aie alto here. Judge Magruder left two days since for the West. Rvins at Aztalan, tfcc.?Both of the Madison papers have recently contained articles on the sub? ject of the Ruins at Aztalan, and the Mounds in Dane. Iowa and Greene Counties, and in truth we may say throughout the Territory and Northern Illinois. We had thought, until v/e aaw the &fti? des in the Express and Enquirer, that the Mounds or Tumuli had ceased to be an object of mystery or even of curiosity. We had thought it was u well established fact that these artificial mound* were the work of the Mandat) Indians. It is die opinion of Catlin, Scboolcraft and others, that tb? Southern parf. uf this Territory constituted one) the possessions of the Manuans, and that u?y we,^ thriven from it by the Sacs and Foxes. In fact did Sacs and the Winnebagoes have traditions which are of that purport. The towns of the Mamlasi were always secured by such breasiworks orwalU, j as we find the remains of in every part of this Ter? ritory. From these and other evidences of a for? mer state of superior civilization, and from die similarity bepvyeen the ancient ^/orks in the'coun? try that had been inhabited by the Mandans, aril the mounds and tumuli that can be found in Wabs and Northern Europe, it has been suggested iij several eminent literary gentlemen who have paid some attention to the subject, that the Manilau ate remote descendants of Mudoc, tho celebratid Welsh chieftain who attempted to discover a mw continent some centuries since. But he this at it may, it is almost entirely certain that the mauiifb and tumuli are the works of the Mandans. Tte walls ware erected as breastworks for their toww, and the mounds as burial places of their dead.?-; Some instances have been related of their erecriBJ monuments for the distinguished dead, of the shape of the animal or thiug whose name the person bcrp. Thus, one whose name signified a horse, i/ he was a brave chief, had, a monument erected U his memory over his remains in the shape oft horse; tind sooa through all the varieties of nama and animals. In the vicinity of Madison, and t| sever?,! places around the Blue Mounds, the Madi? son edirors can see ?u,.:e ,-eaions for such a belj? One of the moands between Mr. Campbell's pluc* and Mr. Brigham's, is constructed in the shape of a man ; another in that of a buffalo, and another, we believe, in that of a camel, &c Mesmerism.?The following facts we had from the h^bund of the patient: Mrs. Irksonhas (h*? confined since May iust, at which time aha hzilft her infant child, with that most painful disaaf* called the Milk Leg. She bad, in all that tice beon unable to sit in a chair, more than ten mint!? ata time. About a week ago she was mesmerised by Dr. Ewing and kept in this state about tfto hours. During this sleep brr husband left her with ( the family, to visit bis ulfice on business. On hi* | return his wife was ?eing abuttt the house, and & ever since attended to her household affairs,rj?? the work thereof without the aid ?f a servant, more strength she thinks than she had before taken sick. If mesmerism will cure such diseases, there must be something in it. [Pitts. D. Arner. Peculiarities of Genius ? Tycho Brahe & verted himself with polishing glasses for specta? cles; Balzac's favorite amusement ww thai making crayons ; Renault loved to wander frc? shop to shop to see various mechanics at tltftf labor; Montaigne found a playmate i* his f**' Cardinal Richelieu delighted in'playing at k?f frog with his servant; Pope wasted his lim?'4 trying to paint ; Politian was never so happy *4 when singing to his lute; the ingenious physiecs Dr. Harrington, only lived when vocxtovM catches and glees ; Pr. Arne's greatest ?njoyir?: was in writing poetry ; Rousseau relieved his rary studies with the alternative of composing lodies ; and Pbilidor was even a greater chess? player than a musician. ?Tbe Concert goc? Mineral Wealth ?We learn from Hilft* H. Patriot that Dr. Charles T. Jackson, State Ge? ologist, has lately examined a rich vein ofartr** in Dunbarton, every ton of which iniuprtjfj? ": he represents to be worth forty dollars defifj? in Boston. It is extensively used in painting. Jackson says this may be easily mined; it naj* ?aken to Boston by raiiroad at an expense pr** bly not exceeding four or five dollars per too. Vf Jackson is about proceeding to VFarner, fer * examination of the limestone, which is 8 |j exist and has been partially worked at t^at P*1* 3?^* With the apothecary it takes three ?f^r** to make a dram; but with the drunkard it to*3 j many drams to make oae scruple.