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THE TRIBUNE.
FRIDAY MORNING, AUGUST 2G, 1812.
V A. W., v*Ko writes to us ridiculing ' the Divining
Rod,' will find a very large majority to agree with him in
opinion, bot they would not thank tut tor publishing any
thing on that side of the question.
ft/** For a Notice of Kane's Chemistry,
a Letter from Saratoga, and an Association
Article, sec First Page.
f?/*For a Poem by Longfellow, and Hu
man Sacrifices in India, see Last Page.
The Prospect at Washington
Is dark and uncertain. In the absence of private
advices we can only refer to the doings in Con?
gress, and ask our readers to judge from that
whether we are likely to have a Tariff cr not. It
will be seen that the House has resolved, if the
Senate concur, to adjourn on Monday, Tariff or no
Tariff. This shows no disposition to sit long con?
sidering amendments from the Senate at all events.
The Intelligencer thinks it extremely doubtful
whether the bill will pass the Senate, and men?
tions?though it discredits?a rumor that on Mon?
day, if Congress do not adjourn, one House or the
other will be left without n quorum. We see
nothing this morning to lead us to expect a passage
of the bill. _
The Next Congress).
The following Members of the present House of
Representatives have already indicated their reso?
lution not to be candidates for reelection, viz :
Millard Fillmore, of New-York, (Whig.)
Joseph F. Randolph, N. Jersey, (do.)
Gkoroe M. Zveim, Penna. (Loco.)
Samson Mason, Ohio, (Whig.)
Joseph Ridgway, do. (do.)
Nath. G. Pendleton, do. (do.)
Franois W. Pickens, S. Carolina, (Loco.)
All these are strong men and valuable Members.
Mr. Fillmore's retirement especially will be a loss
not easily repaired ; while Mr. Pickens is the ablest
and about the most reasonable and manly Loco
Foco in Congress, after John C. Calhoun. The
Whigs will part regretfully with an opponent in
whom there is no skulking, no double-dealing, no
insincerity; who always says what he means and
votes according to his speeches. Gen. Keim also
is au honorable and courteous adversary.
The two members from Missouri are already
thrown out by their party in that State, and most of
the Georgia Members ef both parties are also drop?
ped. There are indication? of similar changes all
around. We hope fearfully that the general aspect
of those chnnges may not remind the country ef
the bitter old epigram:
' Heaven takes the good, too good on earth to stay:
And leaves the bad, too bad to take away.'
Iterenue and Protection.
A correspondent asks us to answer this Free
Trade cavil: "Protective Duties are hostile to
Revenue. If we protect every sort of Industry at
home, we shall get no Revenue from Imports."
Now the only answer this needs is a reference to
the fact that, our Revenue was abundant during
the years of highest Protection?higher than u
now contemplated. If any man doubts on this
head, a glance at the returns of Revenue for 1829.
'30, '31, '32, '33, '34, '35, '3G?the eight years of
highest Protection?will satisfy him. This cavil
against Protection is stone dead. It answered seme
purpose in 1820-25, when heavy landholders sold
(or threatened to sell) their Real Estate to avoid
the Direct Taxes which they were made to believe
Protection would render necessary. Since 1830 it
has been a dead humbug.
England buys very few or no manufactures from
other Nations, yet her commerce is greater than
that of any other nation ; so in Vier Revenue fioin
Imports. Need we say more ?
The truth is, that the first condition of heavy
importations is ability to pay, and this depends on
the activity and reward of Home Industry. Double
the Production of the Country, and wc increes?
the Imports, no matter if the duties are high. Let
us make our own Cloth, Cutler)', &e. and wc shall
buy twice as mush of Laces, Wines, Teas, Coffee,
Spices, Drugs and Dyewoods, Hides, Fancy Goods,
&c. &c. as wo now do?to say nothing of raw
staples to whoso cheap production our climate and
soil are not adapted. Let us produce all that our
climato does not forbid or discourage, and such
would be the increased Industry and Production of
the country that a Revenue Duty of twenty per
cent, on the tropical and other products we should
then buy would amply support the Government.?
At this moment the Laborers of Lowell doubtless
pay mote to the Government than those of all
Mississippi. Why 1 Bocausc they are able. But
let Protection be withheld and they will not, be?
cause they cannot. So in other cases.
03" No reader of tho Tribuno can need to be
assured that we have never written one line for the
Commercial or any other paper than our own in
relation to Noah's rasculities. We never desired
anyone so to write, and have not seen the writer in
the Commercial (whom we recognize by her signa?
ture) for the last month. We aro grateful for the
kind intent of those articles, but we ask no aid to
fight our own battles. Thnt we have ever said wo
would not " eat, bargain, orreason with a Jew," is
n monstrous Noakism?wo never had a thought of
the kind. But what use in trying to keep track
of the Union's libels ?
D33 It is some offset to the bitterness of surren?
dering the Land Distribution, to see such chaps as
Charles J. Ingersoll and Richard D. Davis
' roped in' to voto for a Protective Tariff. It was
a ?hoelcimg hard <Jmo t?? ika ?kuU YIY, (Mr. P*?
menter of Mass. being the only real friend of Pro?
tection among the Locos in Congress. Mr. C.
Brown of Pa. (one of the bitterest) states in a card
in the Globe that he voted for tho bill against both
hin judgement and his trill. No doubt. Won't
ho fibs his reasons in the Secretary of State's office ?
03" The Albany Argus proudly and diplomati?
cally contradicts an assertion of the friends of
Col. R. M. Johnson in Kentucky that Martin Van
Buren has declined to run for President in 1844.
The Argus says they have put a wrong construc?
tion on the Sage of Kinderhook's coyness in hi.
letter to Missouri. We'll back the Argus in this
to the full extent.
IXT* Hon. John W. Taylor of Saratoga has
resigned his seat in the State Senate. He has
been suffering from a paralytic stroke for nearly a
year past, which incapacitates him for public busi?
ness, in which ho has been- honorably engaged for
thirty years past. The Fourth District w ill have
two Senators to elect in November. Shall they
not be Whig? ?
1X7* At aspecial meeting of the Regents of the
University held on the 23d, Binghamptoa Acade?
my in Broom Co., Yates Academy in Orleans and
Champlaio Academy in Clinton were incoipointed
and Waterloo Academy in Soneca Co. whs received
under the viritation of the, Regents.
03* Fbe Rainers are singing at Rochester.
.New-York jLegi?lantre.-WKD!rEiD*T, Aug.24. |
The Senate held a laborious session and the
majority successfully urged their principal mea?
sure, namely the prevention of alljbusiness offered.
The ' resignation of Hon. J. W. Taylor was re?
ceived. Pernio? on various subjects ottered by
Messrs. Faulkker, Dennison and Hunt were
laid on the table by a party vote. Mr. Root en?
deavored to bring up a resolution to introduce a
bill to repeal the Exemption Law and sought to
convince the Senate that the present session was
called for the transaction of business. He was
ruled out of order and the Senate adjourned.
In Alsembly, on a motion to amend tire jour?
nal the Speaker decided that petitions could only
be received by unanimous consent- Mr. Hcnt
roso and claimed the right to present a petition
for aid to the New-York and Erie Railroad. The
Speaker decided it could not be received. Mr.
Hcnt appealed and a metion to lay the appeal on
the table was lost?48 to 07. Under the previous
question and after some remarks from the Speaker
the decision of the Speaker was retersed?57
to 64. A motion to re-consider was lost.
The Senate Apportionment bill was received and
after some debate the House refuted to send it to
tho Committee of the Whole?32 to S5. Locos
in the negative. Mr. O'Sullivan spoke in opposi?
tion to the bill which was then referred to a Select
Committee of eight, namely Messrs. S. E. Church.
Grout, R. A. Udell, Davis, Stetsoo, Caryl, Burn
ham and Ives.
The Senate bill to postpone the sale of the New
York and Erie Railroad came in and Mr. Hcnt
moved an amendment to instruct the Comptroller
to bid it in at not more than $3,000,000. Mr.
Hoffman opposed it and the whole was laid on
the table. The House took up Mr. Dix's Protest
and soon adjourned.
City Abuiei.
A Watchman assures us that the excavations of
streets on account of the Croton Water are left
open very carelessly. He says he has seen one
man drive into a pipe-hole at night without a sus
pic.jn of its existence, to the great peril of his
lifo, and he has barely saved several others from
a similar calamity. These accidents and dangers
should be well guarded against. Will the author?
ities look to it ?
?It is a great shame that those of our City
Hacks and Cabs that want to do a fair and honest
business on reasonable terms are prevented by the
bad conduct and bad name of the balunce of their
craft. In Philadelphia, a passenger from the Cars
jumps right aboard a cab, which he knows will
take him any distance less than a mile for twenty
five cents. Here one-half of the Cabs will charge
him fifty cents to a dollar; and the consequence is
that a few stop and higgle for a ride, while the
greater number go to their respective hotels or
houses on foot. Thus the carriages are worse paid
on the whole than if they charged a moderate and
regular fare, while the public is worse served ; and,
hardest of all, the cheap and worthy Cabs sufTer
for the sins of others.
?We are asked to return the thanks of the
Fifteenth Ward to their Street Inspector for his zeal
and fidelity. Dono ! We are asked to blowup the
Inspector of the Thirteenth for the dirty condition
of Broeme-st. and its neighborhood. Done!?
Any more ?
?There are said to be many Hogs defiling the
streets that are not taxed to clean them. Pound
them! _
Great Clay Meeting.?By an Extra from
the Elmira Republican we learn thai a very large
and enthusiastic meeting of the citizens of Steil?
heit, Yates, Seneca, Tompkins and Chemung
Counties, friendly to the nomination of Henry
Clav for the Presidency in 1844, was held at the
head of Seneca Lake on the 38th inst. Wil?
liam T. Lawrence, Esq. of Tompkins presided.
Strong and spirit-stirring resolutions in favor of a
limitation of the Veto power, Protection to
American Industry with a Distribution of the
proceeds of the Public Lands and in honor of
Henry Clay, theStatesman ofthe West, were in?
troduced and adopted by acclamation. Several
excellent speeches were delivered.
03s We trust all our readers enjoy the rich
Triul of Lieut. Wilkes. Such an expose we have
not seen for many a day. The history of the Ex?
ploring Expedition is here embodied and it opens
dcliciously.
KJ9 The citizens of Davidson Co. Tcnn. friendly
to Henry Clay for next President, held a great
meeting at Nashville on the 13th inst. Thomas
S. King Esq. presided. Hon. .Torn Belt, was
among the *pt-ukers. Spirited resolutions and a
capital address were adopted.
03* The Brooklyn papers contain a notice of a
funny exhibition called a Tyler Meeting that came
off in that city a few nights since. The farce
seems to have been badly got up, and tho charac?
ters wretchedly cast. All said 'ISo' when they
should have said ' Aye,' and cheered for Clay
and Van Buren instead of John Tyler. A bad
j beginning this, though it is likely the actors were
I extremely raw in their parts. Have charity for
beginners.
03s The Boston Post is distinguishing itsolf by
the most open and palpable falsehoods concerning
affairs in Rhode Island. Som? days since it as?
serted broadly that Justice Hazzard, at the recent
examination of one under arrest, used the follow?
ing language: " It is time that law was resolved
into its original elements: for the letter of it 1
do n't care a d?n." The papers in Providence
have repeatedly pronounced this untrue; aad jot,
without offering the slightest evidence, the Post
keeps the shameless lie standing in capital letters,
and re-assotts it even- day. Can Col. Greene be
guilty of so dishonorable an acts as this 7
KT" They are to have a great military encamp?
ment at Easton, Pa. this week. Tents have been
pitched and things prepared in true military style.
We see especial mention made of ' mint-sticks
and gingerbread?probably part of the arms and
equipments required by law.
Another Murder.?The Lebanon (0.) Star
gives a snd account of a most cruel murder perpe?
trated on Sunday morning near Springborough,
Warren county. The sufferer was an agod negro,
named Jerry Jackson, whose bodv was found near?
ly consumed under the remains of his hut. His
scull hud been broken by blows on the head. A
verdict of wilful murder "was returned by the Cor?
oner's jury, and the murderer was discovered to be
a colored man called John Andrews. His object
was money, in which he was disappointed. The
old man lived by himselt, and a more dark murder
was never committed.
Robbery and attempt to Murder ?On Sun?
day evening, between S and 9 o'clock, a man
named Marshall, who resides ia Algiers, was
knocked down with a brick at the lower end of
Customhouse-street, and robbed of $80 in moner.
j When he recovered he was conveyed to the Cbat
| ity Hospital, and was able to return to his home
jyesterduy morning. Canadian Pat and two of his
i accomplices are suspected of tho deed?one of
them has been arrested. [N. 0. Cres. City.
The Exploring Expedition.?Our reader?
must not overlook the despatch of Lieut. Wilke*
to the Secretary of the Navy, dated March i 1th.
1840, embodied its our report of his trial to-day.?
It is copied from tbe original copy-book and has
never before been published. It gives a clear and
interesting account of the principal discoveries of
the Expedition during their southern crui.se. Tb*
whole report of these trials, especially of tbe one
now in progress, is highly interesting. It devel
opes abu?ea in our naval organization which must
ere long be reformed. The trial will probably con
tiue for some days to come.
bCT The Mormon Loco Foco paper at Shawne
town, Illinois, recently stated that Daniel Webster
had said M the Farmer ought not tu be allowed to
put his HUGE PAW on tbe statute book." In
reply to this calumny, the following answer appears
in the Shawneetowa Republican:
Washington, July 12,1842.
I thank you for your friendly letter of the 1st of
this month. No greater or viler falsehood was
ever published, than is contained in the printed ex?
tract which you enclosed. I never made any such
declaration, nor any thing like it, nor ever uttered
a sentiment which could givo the least foundation
for such a libel. Nor did I ever know before, that
such a falsehood concerning me bad been pub?
lished.
"The son of a working man" myself, bred
among working men, and attached, ill my life, to
the great farming interest of the country tar mote
than any other interest, all who kn>w me, know
that the expression of any such fcenti.nent by me is
impossible. Yours respectfully,
Daniel Webster.
From tbe Savannah Republican. Aug. 20.
Good News from Florida?Fisal Close of
the War.?Tbe U. S. steamer Gen. Taylor,
Capt Peck, arrived at this port yesterday, bring?
ing us the gratifying news of the tin.il termination
of hostilities In Florida. For the Order contain?
ing this intelligence, which we publish below, we
are indebted to an esteemed friend, to whom we
have often been under obligations for fects in re?
lation to the late war.
Col. Worth, to whom belongs the honor of
closing our difficulties in Florida, accompanied by
his Aid, Lieut. Sprague, came passenger in the
Gen. Taylor. Dr. Harney, who has been for
some time Medical Director in Florida, and As?
sistant Adjutant Gen. Cooper, composing the
Colonel's Staff, also came passengers in the same
boat. They all left yesterday afternoon in the
steamer Beaufort District, for Washington.
Head Quarters Military Department No. 9,1
Cedar Key, August 14, IS 12. )
[Order No. 28.]
I. It is hereby announced that hostilities with
the Indians in this Territory have ceased. Mea?
sures are taken to pass the few remaining within
certain limits?those in the far South immediately,
those West of the Suwannee in a few days, who,
meantime, there is every reasonable assurance,
will conduct inoffensively if unmolested in their
haunts. The lands thus temporarily assigned as
th?dr planting nnrl hunting grounds are within the
following boundaries, to wit:
From the mouth of Talakch.-'ko, or Pease
Creek, up the left batik of that stream to the fork
of the Southern branch, and following that branch
to the head or Northern edge of Lake Istokpoga;
thence down the Eastern margin of that Lake to
the stream which empties from it into the Kissim
mee River, following the loft bank of said stream
and River to where the latter empties to Luke
Okeo-cho-bee: thence due South through said
Lake and the Everglades to Shark River, follow?
ing the right bank of that River to the Gulf;
thence along the Gulf shore (excluding all islands
between Punta Kassa and the head of Charlotte
Harbor) to the place of beginning.
The foregoing arrangements are in accordance
with the instructions of the Prosidcnt of the
United States.
II. With a view to economy and convenience of
supply, that portion of the 3d infantry and 2d
Dragoons, now widely detached in the Western
District, will concentrate upoii Fort Stanabury ;
that portion of the 3rh along the Georgia border,
and South to the Micanopy road, upon Pilutka.?
Companies posted in aahealthy positions to be
withdrawn immediately?others when the subsist?
ence stores ut each station shall be reduced within
the means of transport present.
III. The companies of the 4th will remain as
at present disposed, except company F, which
will take post at Micanopy.
IV. Lieut. Colonel Hunt, Deputy Quarter-Mas?
ter General, will make corresponding reductions in
the means of transport, and other sources of ex?
penditure, thereby rendered unnecessary.
By order of Col Worth.
S. COOPER, Assistant Adjutant General.
Horrible Brutality.?A man named Wil
liams, who resided at the time near " Lick Skil?
let," in Winston county, same two or three weeks
since took a little negro girl and swung her up in
a horizontal pofilion, her head about two feet from
the ground, and her feet about OHe foot, and while
in this position, commenced whipping her. Every
time the girl made any demonstration of pain, the
fiend jogged her with a sharp stick he prepared
for tin; ocension. In this manner the monster con?
tinued his cruelties nearly all night, or until he
was fairly tired out, when he released hi- victim ;
she died the next day and was buried. The neigh?
bors suspected all was not right, disinterred the
body, held an inquest over it, and brought in a
veidict accordingly. The sheriff with a posse of
men went in pursuit of the miscreant, but they
were unable to catch him, he having fled. Wil?
liams has heretofore borne a good moral charac?
ter, but it is now surmised by many that be has
also whipped to death another negro girl, as there
is another grave near the spot where the last un?
fortunate victim was interred, which is supposed
to be that of a girl who disappeared very suddenlv
about a year sicne. [Atala (Miss.) Gazette.
(G3 We regret to State that Mr. 1-Kvood, clerk
of the Senate, has been so severely indisposed for
several days as to prevent him from discharging
his official duties. Col. John F. Bacon is the pre?
sent acting clerk. [Albany Argus.
CP An English paper says that the town of
Rhode Island has been disturbed by a rebellion, in
consequence of -which two or three buudi vd rebels
were publicly executed. This is decidely the j
" latest" news we hav* received.
CT-J3 We learn through a letter just received, in
this city from Springfield, that orders had beon
received to stop work at the Armory and dismiss
the operatives. Most of them were to quit last
evening, and the rest very shortly after.
[Norwich Cour.
Wilson's Bank Lock.?A new Safety Lock, invented by
W. Wilson, Northampton, Mass. has been shown us. com?
bining entire security with comparative cheapness. It can
never he opened except with the Key which belengs to it, '
nor with that except by *ne who is acquainted wiii it. No '
skeleton or imitation will come near it, while it defies vio
leoce. fts cost is but moderate, and the valuables ot Banks,
Merchant*, and others, will rest perfectly secure behind it
It may be seen for a day or two at No. 6 Liberty-street, up
stairs.
4 Tayle* on Wills.'?It will be seen by an ad vertiserneui
in anoibec column, that a very useful work not only to die
lrgal profession, hut to every one desirousof making a valid
disposition of his property by will, is now issued from the
press. Tho difficulty of preparing wUls conformably to the
Revised Statutes of this State, has beer, lang felt and ac?
knowledged by many of the most experienced jurist*. Tes?
tators have been cruelly disapj*>inted in their intentions,
and nearly even, will brought before the Court for the Cor?
rection of Errors, has been either partially or totally over?
thrown.
We have perused letters from eminent lawyers highly ap?
proving the author's labors. Tbe leading cases upon Tes?
tamentary Dispositions decided in the Americaa and Eng?
lish courts, are referred to in copious notes, with frequent
rererencesjto the sections of our Siatute oft ses, Trusts and
Powers, diligently marking the distinction between those
aad die common law. We understand Jie author has devoted
many years of severe toil to tbe compilation of this work,
and doabt not he will be adequately compensated.
BY THIS MORNING'S MAIL.
Haryland Whig Convention.
Correspondence of The Tribune.
Baltimore, Thursday, s? A. M.
The Whig Convention of Maryland met yester?
day in this city. The representation was very full
from the counties, and I never saw a more united
feeling in any assembly. The Delegates were
amt>ng the very be?t men in the State, whom
nothing but the important crisis that has now oc?
curred in our public affairs, and the importance of
having a true man nr. the head of Government to
save us from the disasters which treachery has
brought upon the country, couid have called from
their homes.
The Hon. William Price, ef Washington
City, was appointed President of the Convention,
assisted by three Vice Presidents and two Secre?
taries.
After the regular organization Ge*?rga Howard
of Ann Arundel, formerly Governor of this State,
rose, and making some appropriate preliminary re?
marks, nominated henrt Clay of Ky. as candi?
date for President of the United States. The
nomination called forth loud applause from the
Assembly, and was unanimously adopted by the
Convention.
A proposition was now submitted that the Con?
vention make a nomination for Vice President.?
On this motion there came an earnest and inter?
esting debate. And at length it was decided tu
lay the subject on the table?the Committee rhu-*
determining to make no nomination. The Com?
mittee was divided between Gov. John Davis of
Mass. and Senator Tallmadge of New York, but
which had a majority is not known, as no vote
was taken. Wc in Maryland will herenfter adopt
tho candidate that may have the voice of a majority
of the States, or wc will meet our brethren in
genera! convention to settle the conflicting claims
of candidates.
Great Storm and Flood.?A northeast storm
set in last evening which raged with dreadful vio?
lence for many hours. The wind blew a hurricane
and the rein fell in torrents. The shipping in the
harbor must hive suffered injury, end whatever
vessels that were in the bay, exposed to the fury of
the storm, must have had a frightful time of it.
The course of the wind and the immense quantity
of water there fell caused tho tide to rise high in
our "basin''?as the harbor is called?flooding the
wharves along Pratt-street, and up the streets that
rise from it up as far as Lombard or Waterr-sts.
The stores along Pratt-strcet are Hooded several
feet, as are also the stores along Culvert, Cheap
side and other streets. (Jf course very considera?
ble damage was done to the goods in the stores.
Jones's Falls is also flooded, and along by the cen?
tre market you could almost swim a horso. The
railroad along Pratt-strcet'is covered with several
feet nf water, nnd it may be that the tide will not
fall in time to allow the train of cars to depart for
Philadelphia, carrying the mail in which is to go
this letter.
No Western Mail was received this morning,
which leads me to fear some injury may have
been suffered by the railroad er the bridges over
it by the Ohio.
The Market.?Flour has given way futther,
and sales were made yesterday of Howard street
at $4 ?j7h; Susquehanna at the same rate. City
Mills is firm at $0. Pennsylvania best red Wheats
sell at 90 h 9?c, but the latter price they must be
very prime. Sales of 387 barrels Pork at $6 50,
No. 1, and 6 '-25 for new prime.
Lonn Act?Adjournment of Congree??Pur.
??.-rw of the IMuvy? Revenue Bill in the sen?
ate?Contingent Appropriutiona-Contcht
ed ?lcctionMj At.
Corrtspondence of The Tribune.
Washington, Wrduesday, Aug. 24.
In the House of Representatives, to-day, Mr.
Botts offered a resolution, instructing the Com?
mittee of Ways and Means to report a bill ex?
planatory of the Loan Act, reversing the con?
struction put upon it by the Treasury Department,
so as to prohibit the issue of cirtilicates of Stock
except on a clear loan ; admitting the rato of dis?
count at which the stock may be taken ; and re?
pealing the twenty per cent clause of the Distrib?
uting Act.
The reduction was rejected, Yeas 61, Nays l!2.
Mr. Cave Johnson offered a resolution which
was received by a suspension of the rules, and af?
ter some discussion adopted, requiring the Secrc
tarv of the Navy t? Report at the commencement
of each regular session the expenditures of each
vessel during the year, whether actually at sea or
otherwise, the number of days in service, &c.
Mr. Botts moved a joint resolution for adjourn?
ment of Congress on Monday, ~0th inst. and Mr.
Proffit objecting, moved a suspension of the
rules for its reception. The rales were suspend?
ed; Yeas 117, Nays 49.
Mr. Fillmore said he was as anxious as any
one to cluse this protracted session, but had voted
against suspending the rules because he wus fear?
ful that the passage of this resolution might be
construed by the Senate into an intimation that the
House did not desire them to pass the Revenue
bill. Mr. Proffit offered the resolution predict?
ing that if it were passed the Senate would under?
stand such an intimation as wns feared by Mr.
Fillmore. and that the consequence would be that
no Tariff would be enacted this session. Mr.
Botts contended that there was time enough al?
lowed by the resolution for the Senute to act on
the Revenue hill, as it was in the same form with
reference to the duties as they had once passed.
Mr. HiBritSHiM moved to lay the resolution
on the table; negatived?Yeas 68, Nays 101. The
resolution was then adopted?Yoas 96, Nays 71.
Mr. Mallort reported from the Committee on
Naval Affairs a resolution jauthorising the Secreta?
ry of the Navy to make experiments to test the
elhcacy of Colt's Sub-marine battery ; which, after
some conversation, was laid on the table.
Mr. C. J. Ingersoll moved to suspend the
rules (objection being made) for the reception of u
joint resolution authorizing the usual exsra pay to
the messengers and clerks of the House and Sen?
ate. The rules were not suspended: Yeas 56 ;
Nays 88.
The Senute bill fixing the puv and emoluments
of pursers and warrant officers of the Navy was
considered during the day in Committee of the
Whole, reported to the House and passed.
One or two other bills of an unimportant nature
were passed.
The House adjourned.
In Senate, at a late hour yesterday, Mr. Ev?
ans reported back from the Committee on Finance
the Revenue bill, with numerous amendments.
A message was to-day received from the Presi?
dent, in answer to a resolution inquiring what steps
have beer, taken to provide for the satisfaction of
claims of American citizens against Mexico, de?
clining to furnish the information at present, as in?
compatible with the public interests.
Mr. Merrick offered a resolution calling on the
President for as estimate he may have caused to
be prepared at the Treasury Department of the
probable amount of revenue that would have been
collected, under he (vetoed) revenue bill, if it had
become a law, together with the daw. and reasons
for the estimates. Mr. Evans objected to calling
on the President for information touching the state
of thoTreasuary or any mode of improving it. If
the information was desirable he hoped the Secre?
tary of the Treasury would be called on, whose
duty it would be to give it and who is responsible to
Congress and not to the Executive, aad he now as
h? had years before protested against any inter- I
ference by the President with the Secretary of the !
Treasury. If the President for the purpose of in
ritrencing public opinion had required a subord: -
ate officer to make a different estimate from th
which the Secretary of tbe Treasury had alrea* .
made of $27,500.0*00 to be raised by this bill. 1 >
did not want it before the Senate. To ibe Sun.
tary should they look if they wanted tbe infoim
ation.
The resolution was laid over.
Mr. Eviss, from the Committee of Conference
on the Contingent Appropriation bill, made n re?
port which wa< agreed to, and thus the bill hois
finally passed both Houses.
The House bill to establish a District Court of
the United States at Wheeling, Va. was pa--.-d.
The bill regulating the taking of testimony in
cases of contested elections was again taken up.
Mr. Berrien's amendment pending, providing
that neither this nor the Apportionment act shall
appiv to the elections of .Representatives to the
2Sdi Congress in State*, where the general tick* t
system is now in force and where the election has
been or shall be held before the regular session ot"
the Legislature.
Mr. Archer moved to amend the amendment
so that its provision shall be operative unless the
Governor of the State ?hau, by proclamation, con?
vene the Legislature before the limn for election.
This amendment was adopted : Yeas 21; Nays
15?and after the rejection of several other
amendments to that of Mr. Berries, as just ac?
ceded, it was adopted: Yeas 30; Nays 6, as fol?
lows :
|\'ea>?Messrs. Alien, Archer, Bates, Benton, Berrien,
Buchanan, Calhouti, Choate, Conrad, Cram. Crittcnden
Cuihbert. Evans. Fulton, Graham, Henderson, Km.;, L n .
Murreli, Morehead, Rives, Sevier, Smith ot la-Spnrgue,
Tallmage. Tappan, Walker. W hite, W illiams, Young?SU
Nays?Messrs. Bayard, Barrow, Clayton, Huntington,
Porter, Woodbridge?6.
The resolution fron, the House for adjournment
was received, and Mr. \i.t.kn moved us lay aside
the bill to tako up an act on the resolution. The
motion disagreed to: Yeas 18, Nays 25.
Several other amendments were offered, dis?
cussed and rejected ,jand the bill was ordered to be
engrossed for a third reading.
Mr. Young moved to take up the resolution for
adjournment. Mr. TalLMADGIE thought the Sen?
ate were not prepared to act on the resolution.
There was great necessity for passing a rcvenuo
measure, and there were other matters ot im?
portance before them, and only three days of the
week remained. Let them first act on the reve?
nue kill, (and it would be taken up to-morrow in
good faith, and be acted on,) and then they could
rix a day of adjournment.
Mr. T. moved to lay the resolution on the table.
Carried: Yeas 24 ; Nays 17?as follow.-:
Yeas?Messrs. Archer, Bates, Bayard, Benton, Bei:ien.
Buchanan, Choate, Clayton, Conrad. Cialis, Ctittenden,
Dayton, Evans, Huntington, .Miller, Morehead, Porter
Preston, Rivers, Sevier, Simmons, Smith of la., Sprague,
Tallmadge?24.
Nays?Messrs. Allen, Bagby, Calboun, Fulton, Graham,
Henderson. King. Linn. Mangnm, Merrick, Walker, White,
Williams, Woodbridge, Wood?ury, Wright, Young?17.
On motion of Mr. Conrad the hour of meeting
was fixed at 10 o'clock, and the Revenue Bill
mude the special order to-morrow, and henceforth
each day at 11 o'clock, until disposed of.
The Senate went into Executive Session.
Argus.
Trial of JLicat. Chni-lcn WilkcN, l\ S. IV.
NAVAL COURT MARTIAL.
Reported for Tbe New-York Tribune.
[Continued.] EIGHTH DAY.Aug. 23.
The Court met pursuant to adjournment, and passed mid?
shipman Sandford was recalled.
Judge Advocate. Slate, sir, bow many times Lieutenant
W ilkes ordered Lieut. Pincksey lo beave to when the
sc boons r was under the bows ol tbe Flying Fish.
Witness. Three times, sir?once when we were on her
lee quarter, once while abreast of her liiizen rigging, and
once under her bow.
Hamilton. If when the Flying Fish was abreast of the
mizen rigging, ami lo leeward of the ship, the helm bad
been put hard up anil the schooner then kept off for fifty
yards, then ber helm put hard down and the jib hauled
close to the windward, could she not have been hove to
safely ?
Answer.?I think she would have fouled the ship, sir. *
Mr. Harrison recalled.
Question.?How many times did Lieut. Willies hail tbe
schooner to heave to on the day alluded lo.'
Answer.?'Turee limes, sir.
Lieut. Sinclair culled.
Judge Advocate.?."stale, sir, whether the repairs done to
the Flying Fish at New-Zealand werenectssary to her effi
ciency and safety.
Witness.?They were, sir.
Question.?Stale what was Lieut. Wijke&'s c haracter for
oppression or otherwise among ihoie under bis command,
his attention to his duty, industry,
Answer.?Lieut. Wilkes's general conduct to bisotlicer
and hi> reputatiou in the squadron was that of an exceed?
ingly harsh odicer?one who continually infringed on the
rigiits ot those under bis command. 1 never siw but one
act of what I considered cruelty on bis part to those under
his command.
.Mr. Hamilton.?We cau't have particular instances, sir.
Witness.? So lar as I was capable of judging, he wa?
very industrious, I was but a very short tune under Lieui.
Wifkes's immediate command.
Hamilton.?Do you know of any rights of his o?icers or
of toditvduals which he infringed.''
Coin'idore Stewart.?What was Mr. Sinclair's rank .'
Witnc33 ?1 was Sailing Master for different vessels, and
ranked then as Passed Midshipman.
On one occasion Lieut. Wilkes told me in Ids cabin that be
would disiale me and force me to doduty under my juniors,
for what be alleged to be some act oi disrespect w hich 1
denied having committed. I have heard of a good many
other cases, but I cannot give the particulars. 1 was ap?
pointed Acting Master by Mr. Wilkes at Norfolk, but did not
get my appointment as Mastei until we gut lo Rio. I doni
know the date of iL
f^urjtioti.?Did you ever bear that conduct spoken of
before this Court was commenced.
Answer.?Very frequently.
Hamilton. ? Name the persons, Sir.
Witness.?1 hardly think that a fair question, Sir.
Jiulge Advocate.?You must answer it, Sir.
Witness.?Well, I name myself, then. 1 could hardly ex?
cept sin officer in tbe Squadron, Lieut*. Johnson, Murray,
North and Pinkney. in tact, give me a list of the officers,
and I will read ihem over to you.
Hamilton. That won't do, sir ; you must give tiiem your
?elf.
Witness. Well, with very few exceptions, I have heard all
tbe officers in the squadron >peak ill ofbim.
Qties. Did you ever hear Lieuts. Hudson and Ringgold
speak ill of bun?'
Witness. 1 don't know that I ever did. I was not in inter?
course with the commanders of tbe squadron.
Hamilton. Did you ever hear Lieuu. Budd or Carr speak
ill of Mr. Wilke, I
Witnees. LieuL Budd I never did, but I have heard Lieut.
Cnrr speak against his acts as oppressive. I have al*o heard
Lieut Tappan speak ill of his general conduct as command?
ing otlicer.
Hamilton. Mr. Peal or Mr. Dayton of ibe scientific corps
did they speak ill ot him, sir.'
Witness. I ihlnk not,sir.
Hamilton. Mr. Agate, sir.'
Witness. 1 lielieve I've heard him disapprove of some of
his acts.
Hamilton. Well, sir, then Purser Waldron and Purser
SpeedeD, ilitl llj?-y speak ill or him .*
Witness I think not, sir. I bad but little intercourse with
those gentlemen.
[Here the witness said that bethought it bard that he
should be obliged to violate the confidence of bis brother
Officers. And being again pressed by tbe accuser's counsel
to say if the members of tbe Scientific Corps had spoken ill
I of Lieut Wilkes, he siid he did not consider those gentlemen
i as officers of the squadron. J
t^ues. Wr.s you the odicer of deck' of the^Porpoise when
; she ran inio the Vinceanes, and carried away the jib-lxxjiu
J anc tiie eai-bead and smashed the quarter boat of that ship
aud was the interview in the cabin you referred lo, brought
I about bv that circumstance.'
j Ans. I was the odicer of the deck when tbe two vessels
I fouled, but tbe occassiou of tiie interview I did not consider
[ to refer at all to that matter. It was in consequence of a
teller I had written to Lieut. Riaggold.
Serjeant Bloom examined.?The marines for the Sxplorin"
Squadrou were not re entered at all, to my knowledge In
the vessel to which I was attached ihey were not re-entered.
I do not know under what circumstances die bounty of $21
was received. I know diey refused to enl^t for the cruize.
1 left the ship in the month of July, before the squadron
sailed. I do not know if the marines volunteered, but be?
lieve they were drafted. I do not know If Puisyl Babb
Smith or Dinsmore re enlisted, and I think if they [.ad I
must have known it. They did not re-euli.it after No v J.'-JT
or between that and the time 1 left the ship, which was in
July, 1333, beiore the squadron sailed. I don't know that
they received the bounty. I do not kno w that auv marines
volunteered, but I bebeve tbe seamen all volunteered fur
the cruize.
here the Judge Advocate read a Dispatch, as follows :
IT. S. -J-ip Vt.NCE.N.VES, y
... .. . , Sidney, 11m March, 1840. j
Sir?I uaye the aonor to report that having completed oar
outfits at Sidney, N. S. W., the Exploring Squadron under
my command, composed of Uns ship, tbe Peacock, tue Pu
poise and Flying-Fish, sailed inj companv Dec. 2Sih, with
my instructions io proceed South as far as practicable and
cruize withiu the Aainrctic Ocean. Copies 0; my instruc?
tions were forwarded to jou with mv dispatch No 57.
w? continue d in company until the 1st Jan. when we
parted company with the Fl; ing-Fish, and the Pea^ck in
a log on the 3d.
I then steered, with the Porpoise in company, for our first
renaezyona, Macquerries Island, and from Uience to Kmer
aw island our second rendezvous, having passed over t'ie
supposed locality of the la.ter in longitude 162,30, E., laL
Fish?' wllhoat S^Og la,ltl or meeting with the Flying
On the 10th Jan. being in laL6l, S. we fell in with die first
ice Islands and continued steering to tbe S. among many
iceberg*, which compelled us lo change our course fre?
quently in avoiding them.
On the 12th we ran into a bay of field ice, in long 164,53, j
?. and laL 64, 11, S., presenting a perfect barrier to our
progress further South.
A heavy fog ensued during wbicb we parted company |
with the Poruoise, her commander having directions to
follow my written instructions ia the event. j
. I bad determined t'?bave each vessel to act bdependtnt.
!y. believing it woold tend to Rivr.il ; ? IWe, 1 greater
?Is^rre of emubukw to a* ail, anil being wed sati-ted -tm
owing to thr ice aud thick wendier it would be impovr.uIe
to continue long tOgt Iber, 1 deemed it tx-tter 10 haiard o.?
event of accident rather than rmbarrass ?nr opermions.
1 therefore submit the details of the proceedings, of ti <
slop, as they will. w:tb-?ut do.jU, nearly . ...
movements of the other vessels of the squadron, the reparts
from which will tend to v?frify our operations.
After an unsuccessful attempt to peneiratr t?roc*b the
ice on the I2th of Jan., we proceeded to the westward,
working along the barrier, with bend wind? and foe*: htnl
on the 1'Gth we fell in with the Peacock in long. 15* Li E.
lai. 6.5.25 S.
On thcmonitng >?/the 1 ilA of January rjv ??rt land to the ?
>. and f'.. --ith r tauy indications *>/"beine tn it, imsnediate
riciwify : furh at ;>r-i-mn;?, ?r<?. *>ul the aifcoloralmn afvit
water. Hut the impenetrable barrier of ice prevented our
nearer appr^fh t-> >t \ and ibe same day '?f again saw i(?.
Peacoeh to the S. and W. We were in long. 154. 27 E. .ind
? at. 66. 2?S.
On the22d we fefi in with.Unre clusters and bodies of fee
and innumerable islands: and until ihr 25th were :n a iarge
bay formed by ice, examining the different points m hop? <
of "effecting aa entrance to the S?utb, but were disappoint
ed
We have reached the latitude of 67 01 in longitude 147 30.
h? ir.g the farthest siuth we penetrated. Appearance ef
distant land were seen to the eastward and westwur?. bat
nil parts except il.c one we entered presented an impas.s?t,!e
barrier. W'? here tilled up our wairr tanks \Mth ice taken,
from an :ce-t>erg along side thr ship. We made par Bag.
nedc observations on the ice. The dipping ne< .
S7 30 for tin- dip, and our aizuiath compass was so slug-.*;,
on the ice that on being agiwed and bearings taki a again
it -rave nearly three points difference, the variation Ktj
12 S5. A lew days alter, about loo miles west, we ba m
variation, and then it rapidly increased in wesferiy taria
tion, fron winch I am ot opinion that when in the ice-be.-.,
we could not have be?n very far trcrn the south magnetic
pole.
r This bay l named Disnppivntraent Bay, as it seemed to h
put an end to al! our hopes of farther progress south.
On the 27th we fell in with th- Porpoise :n long. 141 SO
K. ami lab 6554 5?, and parted company shortly afterward.
On the 23th, at noon, aller thirteen repulses, we reached
Ion:: ICO and lat 66 S3 S. where we again discovered
land, bearing south, having run over50 miles, thickly >tai>
ded with ice-bergs. The same evening we had a heavy
gale from the S E, with snow; bail ami thick weather,
which rendered oursituatiou very dangerous aud conpelled
I as m retrace our;course by tharioutewhich wehadrntered.
During tili? gate we were* unable to see the distance ot a
quarter of a mile, constantly passing near ice-bergs which
surrounded tu, and rendering it necessary to kern all hands
on deck.
On the morning of the SOth the cale abated and we re?
turned by the same route to reach lue land, where th ? dan?
gers we had enoountered the preceding night, and our pro
videnUal escape, were evident to ?11.
We ran toward die Und alxiut ?0 nines when we reached
,1 ?mall bay formed bv high ice cliffs and black, volcanic
rocks, with about GO indes of ceest in sight reaching tn a
great distance toward the southward ia high, niouutaiuoui
land.
The brecxe freshening to a strong gal* prevented our
holding, and compelled us to mi out after sounding iu SO
tatbomsof water, and another 2 bours after that the ship
was again reduced to h>-r storm sails with .1 heavy gale from
the southward, with snew, sleet and a heavy sea continuing
3<t hours, and if po-sib'.e more dangerous than that of the
28tb and 29th, owing to tht? large number of ice islands
around ns. After which 1 received report* from t; ? :~.>-d:
cal officers representing l!ie exhausted slate of tiie men
and condition of the >hij?. of which the following is an ex.
tract:
"The meoical officers on duty, under date ot the 31?
.January, reported that the number on the ?ick list this
morning is 15 Most of these cases are consequent upon the
extn me hardships ami exposures thev Dave QQdergone dor
in"-the list gates of wind when the ships have been sur?
rounded with ice."
" This annulier i*nnt large, hut it is necessary to <Utetli.it
the ;;eiieral health of the crew is in aur opinion dreadfully
effected, and tn?t under ordinary circumstances that list
would be very much increased, while the men undirite
present exigencies actuated by a laudabledesign to do their
duty to the last, refrain from presenting themselves asap
ptiennts to the list
?'Under these circumstances we teel obliged to report that
in our opinion a few days more of such exposure as they
have already undergone, would re<tu e the number of the
crew by sickness to such an extent as to hazard the ?tlety of
the slii;*) und the lives of all on hoard."
After which, the Surgrsn bei.ig restored to duty reported
to me 1 he following:
" I respectfully report that in nvy opinion the health of thr
crew is materially affected by the severe fatigue, want Ol
sleep, and exposure to the weather to which they have
lately been subject; that a continuance of those hardships
even for a very snort period, will entirely di-quality a great
nnuiber of men for ikeir duty, and thai the necessary litten
liou to the health of the crew and their future efficiency nad
usefulness demand the immediate return ofthe ship to a
mild climate."
Deeming it my duty, however, to persevere, T decideil
to continue, and steered again for the land which we bad
named the Antarctic Continent We reached it on the 2d
February, about bO miles to the west of the jwint tint
where we found the cea-t lined with solid perpendicular
ice cliffs,'preventing the probability of lauding and the same
mountains tending to the west.
From thence we proceeded to the westward aloiiir the
?ce barrier, which appeared to make from the land, till the
3J, when we again encountered a severe gab? from the
south-east witb.lbick weather and snow, until the 7th of
February, when it cleared up sufficiently to allow us to <ee
our way clear, and wc again approached the perpendicular
barrier of ice similar to that winch we bad previously naen
a* attached to land, being iu sight at a great distance. We
stood along the barrier about 70 miles to the westward,
when it suddenly tended to the southward, and our fur.
ther progress south was arrested by a sotid barrier of field
ice.
After an unsuccessful examination for 24 hours in all di?
rections, we continued to tbe westward along the harrier,
as usual,surrounned by ire island.-. On the 3th and 19th
(being on the tub in loiI. 127 07 E., lat i>5 03 S.) we hud sim?
ilar appearances of distant mountains, but the compact bar?
rier, extending from E. N. w. by S., prevented a nearer
approach
<)n thr n'^ht of the ?ili of February, being the first clear
night for some time, we witnessed the Aurora Australis.
We continued on the lOtti and 11th to the westward, with
south-east winds and fine weather, close along the barrier,
which was more; compact w ith immense islands ot ice ea- j
closed within the fielii ice. On the 12th we again saw The
distai t mountains, but were unable to effect a nnurer ap?
proach, being in Ion. 112 IC E-, lat. 04 57 and I was agnu
compelled to go on to the westward.
'1 be ice barrier trending more to the .oulhwnrd induced
ne to hope that we should again succeed in approaching
nearer to ihs-supposed line of the coast On the 13th, at
noun , we bad reached long. 107, 45, E. Ia#6?, 11, S. with a
tolerable clear sea before us and tue land plainly in stgbtj
I continued pushing through the ice unfil we were slopped
by the fixed barrier about 15 miles from the shore anil with
little or no prospect 01 eflex ting a holding.
I hauled oil" for the short night and next morning made
another attempt at a different point but was equally unsuc?
cessful, being able to approach on 3 or 4 miles nearer.11 It
appeared perfectly impenetrable; near us were several ice?
bergs stained niid colored with earth, on oneol which we
landed and obtained numerous specimens of saad-Hoae,
quartz, conglomerate and sand, some weighing one buD<
died pounds.
Tins Iain well satisfied gave us more sperimru* than
the laud could, as we should, no doubt, have found
it covered with ice and snow 100 feet or more in thick
n?>s We obtained a supply of tresh water from a
pond in the. centre of the same Island. Our position was
long. IOC. 40 E. lat. G?. 57 S., and upwards of 7? miles, the
coist in sight, trending the same as that we had previously
seen.
Although I had now reached the position where our ex- ;
amiua?OM were to terminate bv my instructions to the
squadron, I concluded to proceed on ta the westward
along the barrier which continued to be much discolored
by earth ; and 1 pect mens of rock, ice, were atterwards oh
rained from an Ice island A sea leopard was.seen on the
ice, but the boatssent.dtd notsucceed io taking him
t?n the 17th Feb., in long. 97. ME., lat. M S. land was
again seen ni a great distance towards the S. W. We now
toir .! ourselves closely embayed, and unable to proc
s, ? te.ly directlen, and the ice barrier extending around
to the IV. and E., compelled us to retrace our steps.
We bud entered a de?p gulf on its southern side and it re?
quired four days' beating around iu northern shore to get
out of it ; during this time our position was critical, lie
weather changeable and little room iu eise ol weather; it
fortunately held up until we found ourselves with a clear
sea to the northward.
Tbe ice banit.r bad now trended to about 62 degrees of
latitude, tbe wind having set in from the westward with
dark weather, little prospect of seeing the land or making
much progress to the westward prior U> the 1st of March,
which might tie .-pent to advantage for our whaling ;.iU'
res*s at New Zealand; i determined to proceed North on
the ev?n:?-j ol the 21st.
Ttiere was ?1 briUUnt appearance of the Aurora Australia
on the
17th February in Long. 97, 3'j E?Lat. 64,00 S.
22d " " 103,3* E- " 68,10 8.
25th ? ? 117,31 E? " 53.QUS.
1st March " 137, 00 E? " 44, 30 S.
The results stated iu this report lead me to the following
conclusions:
1st. From our discoveries from land through to degrees
of longitude, and the observations madeduring this interest?
ing cruise w ith similarity of information and position of die
ice during our close examination of it, I consider there can
scarce!/be a doubt 01 the exi-leuc? ofthe Antartie cont'
nem extending the whole distance of 70 degrees from East
to West
2d. That different poiats of the land are at limes further
froui the ice barrier.
3d. That they are frequented by ?eai, many of which
were seen, and offer to oar enterprising countrymen eo-<
gaged in those pursuits a field ?1 large extent for their fu?
ture OpcTUti'ijiS.
4th. That thv large number of whale* of different species
seen and quantity of food f >r llicui would designate the
coast as a place of great resort for them. The tin-back
whale seemed rao-i to predominate.
We pr.v.-. rded on our cruize to thr north and east, with
strong ga!e?, until we r"ached the Imitate nf certain ;-lsr.<ii
laid dowqon the charts as the Koyal Company's Islands,
about six degrees to the westward ef their -upposed locali
ti-s. I then stood on their parallel, and pH?, a <jirer.t!70,,<?r
Ibeir supposed site, but we saw nothing ?flhem, eranyhv
idieation of land in tbe vicinity.
I feel confident, as far as respect* their existence in or
near the parallel as-igned them, to report Uiat lh<-y do act
ex:-t. t r
The last ice island was seen in lat- 50 S.
A few specimens of natural history were obtained and
preserved during the cruise.
As I feel it would be unbecoming in roe to ?peak of oar
arduous services, the report and accompanying chart of our
cruise must ?peak, for us. But 1 cannst close this repart
without bringing to your notice die high estimation in wDich
I 1 hold the conduct of offi.-ers, *eameu and marines duriog
the antarctic cruise, the manner ?rd spirit together with
the cooi.'.eis stn,i alacrity with which Uiev nave met the
..'angers and performed tUeir ?ijt.es. I :r'u?t tkey will .re
ce.ye from the Government some "'siifying couce ot it.
Ali I can say in their favor would fail far short of what tb*7
deserve. I shall ever bear testimony thar they have oreved
Uiemsrives worthy of the hisb character borne by our
countrymen and tbr Navy to which Ihey belong.
I have the honor. Ate.
CHARLES WILKES, Com. Exp. Expedition.
To Hon. Jamks K. Pavldinc, Secretary of the Navy.
Washington.
This dispatch was read with reference to the charge cf
sending in a tal?? report to tbr Secretary of the Na'*,
wbich, it substantiated, will give the h*nor 01" discoverinr
thr antarctic continent to the French. The passage in U*-*
ics is the one charged to hare hem falsified.
Mr. Hamilton rose to open the defence, and said that pre;
vtocslv be wished to call their attention 10 the charge* a**,
specifications. The 2d and 3d charge* of neglect ?5

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